Jan 022018
 
Ad Lib Gold 1000/2000 software development toolkit. Source code and documentation in Word for Windows format.

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Ad Lid Gold 1000/2000 software development
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Ad Lib Gold 1000/2000 software development toolkit. Source code and documentation in Word for Windows format.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
CONTROL.C 47627 9535 deflated
CONTROL.H 6396 1382 deflated
DMA.H 5456 1455 deflated
DRIVERS.LIB 46592 18781 deflated
ED.EXE 108226 53226 deflated
ED.RSR 6767 3851 deflated
FILE_ID.DIZ 117 105 deflated
FM.ASM 35362 10608 deflated
FM.H 1813 650 deflated
GLOBAL.H 1374 535 deflated
INTERR.C 11603 3295 deflated
INTERR.H 1662 557 deflated
MAKEFILE 1805 579 deflated
MIDI.C 18466 4016 deflated
MIDI.H 1871 549 deflated
MODEL2.MAC 3434 1105 deflated
MYMACRO.INC 4181 1468 deflated
OBJECT 0 0 stored
CONTROL.OBJ 9179 3878 deflated
FM.OBJ 3659 2594 deflated
INTERR.OBJ 2692 1706 deflated
MIDI.OBJ 2350 1437 deflated
SET_GET.OBJ 290 230 deflated
TIMER.OBJ 8535 4041 deflated
WAVE.OBJ 11337 5052 deflated
SAMPL.EXE 152434 75254 deflated
SAMPL.RSR 6717 3889 deflated
SAMPLE 0 0 stored
SAMPLES.BNK 496 40 deflated
FMS.C 3176 1153 deflated
FMS.EXE 18638 10192 deflated
FMS.LNK 53 45 deflated
MAKEFILE 1863 508 deflated
MIDIS.C 7270 2003 deflated
MIDIS.EXE 20000 10625 deflated
MIDIS.LNK 58 44 deflated
OBJECT 0 0 stored
FMS.OBJ 1133 841 deflated
MIDIS.OBJ 2362 1412 deflated
PLAYBACK.OBJ 2511 1513 deflated
RECORD.OBJ 3347 1914 deflated
TIMERS.OBJ 6879 2795 deflated
PLAYBACK.C 7570 2474 deflated
PLAYBACK.EXE 29396 14532 deflated
PLAYBACK.LNK 68 50 deflated
RECORD.C 10238 3297 deflated
RECORD.EXE 29784 14666 deflated
RECORD.LNK 62 48 deflated
TIMERS.C 8134 1923 deflated
TIMERS.EXE 24564 11779 deflated
TIMERS.LNK 62 47 deflated
SDTK.DOC 209656 57380 deflated
SET_GET.C 674 305 deflated
SET_GET.H 441 229 deflated
TIMER.C 43358 7677 deflated
TIMER.H 4831 1121 deflated
WAVE.C 45481 10677 deflated
WAVE.H 6989 2208 deflated

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Contents of the SDTK.DOC file


[email protected][email protected]@#@#@# `#[email protected]#&*'01111612*20202020202022423N2CJN2N2"#bCopyright

This manual is protected by copyright law and may not be reproduced in whole or in part, whether for sale or not, without written consent from the GSS Council. Under the copyright laws, copying includes translation into another language or format.
Licensing Policy

Developers are authorized to incorporate the all available source code and libraries
provided with the Developper Toolkit into their products. Developppers are also free to alter the code for their products. They are not, however, authorized to alter the source code and libraries of the Software Developpper Toolkit for redistribution as a development library.

Caveat

This version of the SDTK manual is a preliminary version. Please pardon the poor layout and omittances in the material.

Set SectionName IntroductionIntroductionset SectionNumber seq SectionNum \r100Set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum \r000set ChapterName " "
Table of Contents

TOC \f \sSectionNum \d"."1: Introduction1.1
1.1:Using the SDTK libraries and source code l21.3
2: Description of the Hardware l 12.1
3: Software Development Libraries3.1
3.1:Interfacing DOS Libraries with Applications3.3
3.2:DOS Control Features Driver3.5
3.3:FM Synthesis Driver3.57
3.4:DOS Wave Driver3.71
3.5:DOS Timer Driver3.94
4: Hardware Reference4.1
4.1:Mixer and Setup Features4.3
4.2:FM Synthesis4.19
4.3:Digital Audio and MIDI4.38

set SectionName IntroductionIntroductionset SectionNumber seq SectionNum \r111set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum \r000set ChapterName " " tc "seq SectionNum\c1: SectionNameIntroduction"\l 1SectionNumber1:SectionNameIntroduction

The GSS Software Developper Toolkit (SDTK) is a set of software applications, libraries, documentation and other information that will accelerate application support for the GSS-compliant sound cards.
The Developer Toolkit covers the following areas:
Software Development Libraries
This section explains how your applications can interface with the Software Development libraries. It also contains a complete function directory for each of the library modules. Sample source code is supplied on diskette to provide a better understanding of the use of the libraries.
Low-Level Programming Details the I/O map of each of the hardware sections of the GSS Cards. This section is intended for programmers who want to directly access the hardware, instead of using the software drivers.
Appendices The appendices provide additional information on the GSS Sound Standard Interface definition.
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum11set ChapterName "Using the SDTK libraries and source code"Using the SDTK libraries and source codetc "SectionNumber1.ChapterNumber1:ChapterNameUsing the SDTK libraries and source code" \l2SectionNumber1.ChapterNumber1ChapterNameUsing the SDTK libraries and source code

The GSS Software Developper Toolkit (SDTK) is a set of libraries that you can use to accelerate the developpement of applications that will support Gold Sound Standard compliant sound cards. Full source code to the libraries, as well as example source code on how to use these libraries is provided.
The SDTK can be normally distributed by electronic means. It sometimes will be distributed in two separate parts, which can be in two separate compressed files on BBS. In this case, the first file contains this User's Manual, and the second file contains the software source code and examples.
Directory structure of the libraries
The main directory of the SDTK contains source code of the libraries. You can freely use this source code to write your own device drivers or other applications.
The main directory also contains the MAKE files necessary to create the libraries. You may need to alter the MAKE files to customize the libraries to your specific compiler or memory model. This is explained later on in this chapter.
A subdirectory OBJECT contains the object files resulting from the compiling of the library source code.
Subdirectory SAMPLES contains sample source code that shows simple uses of the various library modules. It contains the source code and executable versions of each of the examples. Directory SAMPLES has its own OBJECT subdirectory to contain the object code of the sample modules.
Customizing the MAKE file
It is relatively easy to customize the MAKE file to your environment, your compiler and memory model. Most of those variables on the MAKE file are using MACROS, which can easily be redefined. Since creating a MAKE file that would take in consideration all possible options would be very difficult, and would render the MAKE file very difficult to read, we strongly urge you to take a close look to the file and to alter it to suit your own personnal needs.
Operating directories
In the macro named "BaseDir", you can put the name given to the SDTK root directory. A number of subsequent macros are used to define other associated directories. You would not need to alter them if you have kept the original subdirectory structure.
The macros "Compile", "Assemble", "Link" and "Lib" can be altered to specify the path of your compiler and associated tools.
Compiler: Models and Version
The SDTK source code can be compiled using the Microsoft C6.0 or Microsoft C7.0 compiler, as well as the Borland C and C++ compiler version 2.0.
To compile with Microsoft C compilers, you need to include, in the compile line, the following compiler option:
/DMICROSOFT
and to compile under Borland compilers, you need to include the option:
-DTURBO
These defines are used in the source code to generate compiler-specific function calls.
The MAKE file contains a macro "Compile" where you can define the command line for your compiler.
Compiling for GSS Compatibility Level 1 and Level 2
The SDTK Control Driver automatically detects for a GSS Level 1 or GSS Level 2 card when you call InitControlDriver(). However, some functions are not useable under GSS Level 1 card.

InitControlDriver() sets global variable, called gssLevel, that you can use to determine the GSS compatibility level of the card used. It can take one of three predefined values (defined in Control.h):
levelNoCard:no card found
level1:GSS Level 1 card
level2:GSS Level 2 card

Here are some areas to be careful about when using this toolkit while operating on level1 cards:
Mixer functions will have no effect on some Level 1 cards
Address relocation is not available on level 1 cards
OPL3 timers are not available.
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum11set ChapterName "Overview of the hardware"Using the SDTK libraries and source codetc "SectionNumber1.ChapterNumber1:ChapterNameUsing the SDTK libraries and source code" \l2SectionNumber1.ChapterNumber1ChapterNameUsing the SDTK libraries and source code

Functionality
A GSS-compliant sound card is a multifunction card whose minimal functions include digital recording, playback of digitized and synthesized sounds, MIDI recording and playback and game port.
There are two different levels of compatibility of GSS hardware. GSS Level 1 cards offer the standard support of FM sounds, Digitized sound, timers, joystick and MIDI, through the MMA and OPL3 chips.
GSS-Level 2 sound cards also include a software programmable digital audio mixer, and programmable configuration of the card.
The SDTK software libraries offer support of both Levels of compatibility. However, some functions are available in Level 2, and are not under Level 1.
Digital Recording and Playback
GSS sound cards offer two seperate monophonic channels of digital recording and playback, at fixed rates of 5.5Khz, 7.3Khz, 11Khz, 22Khz and 44.1Khz, through the MMA chip. It can also record and play a single channel of stereophonic data at the same rates.
Although the MMA DAC is a 12-bit DAC, the MMA chip supports 8-bit 12-bit and 16-bit data formats, providing for upgradability in the future. A 4-bit ADPCM format is also available, giving high-quality sound with reasonable memory consumption.
The 8-bit format is a signed-integer format, with null speaker displacement at 0x0 and maximal speaker displacement at 0x7F and 0xFF. This contrasts with the unsigned integer format, which is also widely used, that places null speaker displacement at 0x80 and maximal speaker displacement at 0x0 and 0xFF.
To convert from one format to another each sample simply needs to be XORed with 0x80.
Each of the digitized sound channels support interrupt-mode and DMA-mode transfers. Each channel also has a 128 byte FIFO buffer. The buffers can generate interrupts at programmable levels, to facilitate programming and improve programming flexibility.
When performing DMA transfers, DMA data is put or read directly in the channel FIFO. Progamming for DMA transfer mode is then quite similar to programming for interrupt transfer mode.
FM Sound Playback
The OPL3 chip provides for a variable configuration of 4-operator FM voices and 2-operator FM voices, giving up to 20 2-operator FM voices.
Each of the separate voices can be panned left, right or center, for stereophonic effect.
The number of operator waveforms was improved to 6 basic waveforms, giving richer sounds.
MIDI Recording and Playback
The MMA provides a MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) interface. Separate MIDI input and output 16-byte FIFO buffers and interrupt-driven interface facilitate the programming tasks.
Game Port
The MMA also provides a standard IBM compatible game-port interface.
Differences between GSS-Level 1 and GSS Level 2 hardware
Additionnal features of GSS-Level 2 hardware include a standard on-board programmable mixer, which also is used for software configuration of GSS cards.
This mixer enables the independent programming of each audio sources volume, and a global bass and treble control.
The applications can also read from GSS-Level 2 cards, the DMA channel and interrupt line assignments used on the card.
GSS-Level 2 cards share 1 single interrupt line for interrupts coming from OPL3 and MMA.
Because of these differences, functions in the SDTK libraries that refer to the OPL3 timer interrupts or to the mixer capabilities are disabled in Level-1 code.
Set SectionName "Software Development Libraries"Software Development Librariesset SectionNumber seq SectionNum33set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum \r000set ChapterName "" tc "SectionNumber3: SectionNameSoftware Development Libraries" \l 1SectionNumber3:SectionNameSoftware Development Libraries


set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum11set ChapterName "Interfacing DOS Libraries with Applications"Interfacing DOS Libraries with Applicationstc "SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber1:ChapterNameInterfacing DOS Libraries with Applications" \l2SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber1ChapterNameInterfacing DOS Libraries with Applications

Overview
The SDTK libraries are written in C language and are conceived to be directly linked into your application.
Different libraries are provided to support the various memory-model options offered by compilers. All these libraries are functionnaly equivalent.
Source code for the various modules of the libraries is also supplied. You can alter the source code if you wish.
A makefile is supplied, which is based on the BorlandC environement. To customize for your specific compiler needs, you only need to alter the MAKEFILE and DRIVERS.LNK files. Make sure that the compiler options used when making the library match the options used in your application.
The SAMPLE directory provides sample code which can be used to test specific parts of the drivers. Each of the sample applications is described in more detail further in this section.
The function nomenclature refers to each of the librarie's modules as "drivers". This nomenclature was kept for historcal reasons, although no memory-resident drivers are involved.
Module Interaction
The library is composed of 5 separate functionnal entities (called here by the misnomer "drivers"):
Control Driver
Manages the mixer and configuration features of the cards, and also centralizes interrupt-handling for each of the other drivers.
FM Driver
Manages all of the FM-Synthesis functions of the card.
Timer Driver
Provides functions to program the OPL3 and MMA timers, and hook-up to the interrupts generated by the timers.
MIDI Driver
Provides functions to control input and output of MIDI data through the MMA MIDI port.
Wave Driver
Provides functions to play sampled data from memory and to record sampled data to memory.
All drivers are dependent on the Control Driver to handle the interrupts, therefore, the Control driver should always be the first initialized (InitControlDriver()) and the last closed (CloseControlDriver()).
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum22set ChapterName "DOS Control Features Driver"DOS Control Features Drivertc "SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber2:ChapterNameDOS Control Features Driver" \l2SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber2ChapterNameDOS Control Features Driver

SetControlRegisterXE "SetControlRegister"
Syntax
int SetControlRegister(int reg, WORD val)
Sets register 'reg' of Control Chip to 'val'.
Parameters
intreg
Which register to write to.
WORDval
Which value to write in register.
Return value
If no error 0, otherwise 1.
Comments
This low-level routine handles the details related to accessing the Control Chip, like interrupt disabling and reenabling. It also verifies that no access is made while the Control Chip's RB & SB bits are set.

CtStoreConfiglnPermMemXE "CtStoreConfiglnPermMem"
Syntax
WORDCtStoreConfigInPermMem()
This causes all control chip registers, in their current state, to be written to permanent memory.
Parameters
None
Return value
1 if ok. 0 if a problem occured.
Comments
None

CtRestoreConfigFromPermMemXE "CtRestoreConfigFromPermMem"
Syntax
WORDCtRestoreConfigFromPermMem()
Restores the card configuration from permanent memory.
Parameters
None
Return value
1 if ok. 0 if a poblem occured
Comments
None

CtSetChannel0SampGainXE "CtSetChannel0SampGain"
CtSetChannel1SampGainXE "CtSetChannel1SampGain"
CtGetChannel0SampGainXE "CtGetChannel0SampGain"
CtGetChannel1SampGainXE "CtGetChannel1SampGain"

Syntax
WORDCtSetChannel0SampGain(WORD value)WORDCtSetChannel1SampGain(WORD value)WORDCtGetChannel0SampGain(WORD value)WORDCtGetChannel1SampGain(WORD value)
Sets the gain of sampling channels.
Parameters
WORDvalue
Gain value from 0 to 255.
256 different values possible giving a range from approximately 0.04 to 10 times the input value. The exact gain is given by the equation:
Gain = (registerValue * 10) / 256 Linear gain.
Return value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtSetChannelFilter0ModeXE "CtSetChannelFilter0Mode"
CtSetChannel1FilterModeXE "CtSetChannel1FilterMode"

Syntax
WORDCtSetChannel0FilterMode(WORD value)WORDCtSetChannel1FilterMode(WORD value)
Sets the antialiasing fiters in the proper mode for the channel.
Parameters
WORD value
0 = playback mode, 1 = sample mode
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
This filter MUST be set in sample mode before sampling.
This filter MUST be set in playback mode before playback.
GSS cards use the same antialiasing filters during sampling and playback. The appropriate filter mode must be set before any sampling or playback operation.

CtGetChannelFilter0ModeXE "CtGetChannelFilter0Mode"
CtGetChannel1FilterModeXE "CtGetChannel1FilterMode"

Syntax
WORDCtGetChannel0FilterMode(void)WORDCtGetChannel1FilterMode(void)
Returns the current antialisaing filter mode for the channel.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0: playback mode. 1: Sampling mode
Comments
None

CtStereoMonoAuxSampXE "CtStereoMonoAuxSamp"
Syntax
WORDCtStereoMonoAuxSamp(WORD value)
Forces auxiliary inputs to work monophonically or sterophonically.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = auxiliary input is stereo, 1 = auxiliary input is mono
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
The microphone and telephone inputs are monophonic sources and can only be sampled monophonically on channel 0. However, the auxiliary inputs are normally sampled in stereo on both channel 0 and 1 at the same time. This stereo audio input can be turned monophonic and sampled on channel 0 using this function.

CtGetStereoMonoAuxSampXE "CtGetStereoMonoAuxSamp"
Syntax
WORDCtGetStereoMonoAuxSamp(void)
Returns whether the auxiliary inputs are used for monophonic sampling or stereophonic sampling.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = auxiliary input is stereo, 1 = auxiliary input is mono
Comments
None

CtEnabDisabMicroOutputXE "CtEnabDisabMicroOutput"
Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabMicroOutput(WORD value)
Enables/disables microphone output.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = Microphone output enabled, 1 = Microphone output disabled
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
When using the microphone input and the normal loudspeaker outputs of the audio card, audio feedback could result. In normal mode, microphone output is enabledd When disabled, the microphone signal is cut from the output of the card but sent to the telephone output, eliminating possible causes of feedback.

CtGetEnabDisabMicroOutputXE "CtGetEnabDisabMicroOutput"
Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabMicroOutput()
When using the microphone input and the normal loudspeaker outputs of the audio card, audio feedback could result. In normal mode, this bit is set to 0. When set to 1, the microphone signal is cut from the output of the card and only sent to the telephone output, eliminating possible causes of feedback.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = Microphone output enabled, 1 = Microphone output disabled
Comments
See CtEnabDisabMicroOutput()

CtEnabDisabInternPcSpeakXE "CtEnabDisabInternPcSpeak"
Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabInternPcSpeak(WORD value)
Enables/Disables redirection of the PC internal speaker output to to the GSS mixer.output
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = Disconnect internal PC speaker,
1 = Connect internal PC speaker
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
This can enable the PC internal speaker signal to be mixed with the audio signals of a GSS card (directly, without any mixer volume control).

CtGetEnabDisabInternPcSpeakerXE "CtGetEnabDisabInternPcSpeaker"
Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabInternPcSpeaker()
Returns the state of redirection of the PC speaker.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = Internal PC speaker not redirected.
1 = Internal PC speaker redirected
Comments
None

CtSelectInterruptLineNbrXE "CtSelectInterruptLineNbr"
Syntax
WORDCtSelectInterruptLineNbr(WORD value)
Selects the interrupt request line used by the audio portion of the GSS hardware.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = IRQ3, 1 = IRQ4, 2 = IRQ5, 3 = IRQ7
4 = IRQ10, 5 = IRQ11, 6 = IRQ12, 7 = IRQ15
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
The interrupt line is used by OPL3, MMA and telephone hardware. Valid interrupt lines on an XT are IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ5 and IRQ7. Valid interrupt lines on an AT are IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ5, IRQ7, IRQ10, IRQ11, IRQ12 and IRQ15.

CtGetInterruptLineNbrXE "CtGetInterruptLineNbr"
Syntax
WORDCtGetInterruptLineNbr()
Returns a number indicating the interrupt line used by the audio portion of the GSS hardware..
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = IRQ3, 1 = IRQ4, 2 = IRQ5, 3 = IRQ7
4 = IRQ10, 5 = IRQ11, 6 = IRQ12, 7 = IRQ15
Comments
None

CtSelectDMA0ChannelSampChaXE "CtSelectDMA0ChannelSampCha"n
CtSelectDMA1ChannelSampChanXE "CtSelectDMA1ChannelSampChan"

Syntax
WORDCtSelectDMA0ChannelSampChan(WORD value)WORDCtSelectDMA1ChannelSampChan(WORD value)
Allocates DMA channel for the specified MMA sampling channel.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = DMA 01 = DMA 12 = DMA 23 = DMA 3
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
Only DMA channels 1, 2 and 3 are available on 8-bit bus GSS cards. All listed DMA channels are available on 16-bit bus GSS cards.
CtGetDMA0ChannelSampChanXE "CtGetDMA0ChannelSampChan"
CtGetDMA1ChannelSampChanXE "CtGetDMA1ChannelSampChan"

Syntax
WORDCtGetDMA0ChannelSampChan()WORDCtGetDMA1ChannelSampChan()
Returns a number indicating the DMA channel used by the specified sampling channel.
Parameters
None
Return Value
The sampling channel used.
0 = DMA 01 = DMA 12 = DMA 23 = DMA 3
Comments
None
CtEnabDisabDMA0SampChanXE "CtEnabDisabDMA0SampChan"
CtEnabDisabDMA1SampChanXE "CtEnabDisabDMA1SampChan"

Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabDMA0SampChan(WORD value)WORDCtEnabDisabDMA1SampChan(WORD value)
Disables or enables use of DMA channel for sampling channel.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = disable, 1 = enable
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetEnabDisabDMA0SampChanXE "CtGetEnabDisabDMA0SampChan"
CtGetEnabDisabDMA1SampChanXE "CtGetEnabDisabDMA1SampChan"

Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabDMA0SampChan()WORDCtGetEnabDisabDMA1SampChan()
Tells if the DMA channel is disabled or enabled for the specified sampling channel.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = disabled, 1 = enabled
Comments
None

CtSetRelocationAddressXE "CtSetRelocationAddress"
Syntax
WORDCtSetRelocationAddress(value)
Set s the base ports address for MMA, OPL3 and control chip.
Parameters
WORDvalue
New I/O address. Must be a multiple of 8.

Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetRelocationAddressXE "CtGetRelocationAddress"
Syntax
WORDCtGetRelocationAddress()
Returns the base port addresses for MMA, OPL3 and control chip.
Parameters
None
Return Value
New base I/O address.
Comments
None

CtSetMixerLevelForFMLeftXE "CtSetMixerLevelForFMLeft"
CtSetMixerLevelForFMRightXE "CtSetMixerLevelForFMRight"
CtSetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePbXE "CtSetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb"
CtSetMixerLevelForRightSamplePbXE "CtSetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb"
CtSetMixerLevelForAuxLeftXE "CtSetMixerLevelForAuxLeft"
CtSetMixerLevelForAuxRightXE "CtSetMixerLevelForAuxRight"
CtSetMixerLevelForMicrophoneXE "CtSetMixerLevelForMicrophone"
CtSetMixerLevelForTelephoneXE "CtSetMixerLevelForTelephone"

Syntax
WORDCtSetMixerLevelForFMLeft(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForFMRight(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForAuxLeft(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForAuxRight(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForMicrophone(WORD value)WORDCtSetMixerLevelForTelephone(WORD value)
Sets the volume for the specified device
Parameters
WORDvalue
Volume level from 128 to 255 whereis 128 is the minimum, 255 the maximum.
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
Writing a value less than 128 will result in a signal with negative polarity and should be avoided because the resulting signal may cancel out another signal of opposite polarity.

CtGetMixerLevelForFMLeftXE "CtGetMixerLevelForFMLeft"
CtGetMixerLevelForFMRightXE "CtGetMixerLevelForFMRight"
CtGetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePbXE "CtGetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb"
CtGetMixerLevelForRightSamplePbXE "CtGetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb"
CtGetMixerLevelForAuxLeftXE "CtGetMixerLevelForAuxLeft"
CtGetMixerLevelForAuxRightXE "CtGetMixerLevelForAuxRight"
CtGetMixerLevelForMicrophoneXE "CtGetMixerLevelForMicrophone"
CtGetMixerLevelForTelephoneXE "CtGetMixerLevelForTelephone"

Syntax
WORDCtGetMixerLevelForFMLeft()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForFMRight()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForAuxLeft()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForAuxRight()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForMicrophone()WORDCtGetMixerLevelForTelephone()
Returns the volume of the specified device.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Volume level from 128 to 255 whereis 128 is the minimum, 255 the maximum.
Comments
None

CtSetOutputVolumeLeftXE "CtSetOutputVolumeLeft"
CtSetOutputVolumeRightXE "CtSetOutputVolumeRight"

Syntax
WORDCtSetOutputVolumeLeft(WORD value)WORDCtSetOutputVolumeRight(WORD value)
Sets the final output volume
Parameters
WORDvalue
Volume level from 0 to 255
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
There are actually 64 final volume levels. The driver divides the specified value by 4.

CtGetOutputVolumeLeftXE "CtGetOutputVolumeLeft"
CtGetOutputVolumeRightXE "CtGetOutputVolumeRight"

Syntax
WORDCtGetOutputVolumeLeft()WORDCtGetOutputVolumeRight()
Returns the the final output volume
Parameters
None
Return Value
Final output volumefrom 0 to 255
Comments
There are actually 64 final volume levels. The driver multiplies the specified value by 4 in the return value.the return value may not correspond exactly to the value specified with CTSetOutputVolumeXXX().

CtSetOutputBassLevelXE "CtSetOutputBassLevel"
CtSetOutputTrebleLevelXE "CtSetOutputTrebleLevel"

Syntax
WORDCtSetOutputBassLevel(WORD value)WORDCtSetOutputTrebleLevel(WORD value)
Sets the output bass and treble level.
Parameters
WORDvalue
Range from -128 to 127.
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
Negative values decreases trebleor bass, positive numbers, increase treble or bass. 0 does not alter sound.

CtGetOutputBassLevelXE "CtGetOutputBassLevel"
CtGetOutputTrebleLevelXE "CtGetOutputTrebleLevel"

Syntax
WORDCtGetOutputBassLevel()WORDCtGetOutputTrebleLevel()
Returns the bass or treble level setting.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Bass or treble setting, from -127 to 127
Comments
Since only 4 bits are actually used in the control Chip, the result obtained can differ with the value written using the CtSetOutputBassLevel() and CtSetOutputTrebleLevel function, due to rounding errors.

CtEnabDisabOutputMutingXE "CtEnabDisabOutputMuting"
Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabOutputMuting(value)
Disables or enables output muting.
Parameters
WORD value
0 = disable, 1 = enable
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetEnabDisabOutputMutingXE "CtGetEnabDisabOutputMuting"
Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabOutputMuting()
Returns a value indicating if output muting is disabled or enabled.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0: disabled, 1: enabled
Comments
None

CtSelectSCSIInterruptNumberXE "CtSelectSCSIInterruptNumber"
Syntax
WORDCtSelectSCSIInterruptNumber(WORD value)
Selects an interrupt request line for the SCSI hardware on the Goldcard.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = IRQ31 = IRQ42 = IRQ53 = IRQ74 = IRQ105 = IRQ116 = IRQ127 = IRQ15
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
Valid interrupt lines on an XT are IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ5 and, IRQ7. Valid interrupt lines on an AT are IRQ3, IRQ4, IRQ5, IRQ7,IRQ10, IRQ11, IRQ12 and IRQ15.

CtGetSCSIInterruptNumberXE "CtGetSCSIInterruptNumber"
Syntax
WORDCtGetSCSIInterruptNumber()
Returns a number indicating the interrupt request line used by the optionnal SCSI hardware on the GSS card.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Interrupt request line:
0 = IRQ31 = IRQ42 = IRQ53 = IRQ74 = IRQ105 = IRQ116 = IRQ127 = IRQ15
Comments
None

CtEnabDisabSCSIInterruptXE "CtEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt"
Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt(value)
Disables or enables interrupt from SCSII.
Parameters

WORDvalue
0 = disable, 1 = enable
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtEnabDisabSCSIDMAXE "CtEnabDisabSCSIDMA"
Syntax
WORDCtEnabDisabSCSIDMA(value)
Disables or enables DMA transfers on optionnal SCSI hardware.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = disable, 1 = enable
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetEnabDisabSCSIInterruptXE "CtGetEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt"
Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt()
Returns 1 if interrupts are enabled on optional SCSI hardware.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0: Interrupts are disabled1: Interrupts are enabled
Comments
None

CtGetEnabDisabSCSIDMAXE "CtGetEnabDisabSCSIDMA"
Syntax
WORDCtGetEnabDisabSCSIDMA()
Returns 1 if DMA transfers are enabled on the optional SCSI hardware.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0: DMA is disabled1: DMA is enabled
Comments
None

CtSelectSCSIDMAChannelXE "CtSelectSCSIDMAChannel"
Syntax
WORDCtSelectSCSIDMAChannel(WORD value)
Assigns a DMA channel to the optional SCSI hardware of the GSS Card.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = DMA 01 = DMA 12 = DMA 23 = DMA 3
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
Valid DMA channels are 0 - 3. Other channel numbers are reserved for future extensions.

CtGetSCSIDMAChannelXE "CtGetSCSIDMAChannel"
Syntax
WORDCtGetSCSIDMAChannel()
Returns the number of the DMA channel Assigned to the optional SCSI hardware of the GSS card.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = DMA 01 = DMA 12 = DMA 23 = DMA 3
Comments
None

CtSetSCSIRelocationAddressXE "CtSetSCSIRelocationAddress"
Syntax
WORDCtSetSCSIRelocationAddress(value)
Sets the base port address addresses for optional SCSI controller.
Parameters
WORDvalue
New base I/O address divided by 8.Range from 0 to 127.
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetSCSIRelocationAddressXE "CtGetSCSIRelocationAddress"
Syntax
WORDCtGetSCSIRelocationAddress()
Returns the base port address for SCSI controller.
Parameters
None
Return Value
New base I/O address divided by 8.Range from 0 to 127.
Comments
None

CtSetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLineXE "CtSetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine"
Syntax
WORDCtSetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine(WORD value)
Hangs up or picks up telephone.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = Disconnect telephone line, 1 = Connect telephone line
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
None

CtGetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLineXE "CtGetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine"
Syntax
WORDCtGetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine()
Returns a value telling if the telephone line is on-hook or off-hook.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0: telephone line is on-hook (not connected)1: telephone line is off-hook (connected)
Comments
None

CtSelectOutputSourcesXE "CtSelectOutputSources"
Syntax
WORDCtSelectOutputSources(value)
Selects final output mixing redirection.
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = left mixer channel to left output & right mixer channel to right output, 1 = left mixer channel to both left and right outputs, 2 = right mixer channel to both left and right outputs.
Return Value
1 if ok.
Comments
On the Adlib GSS cards, mixing and volume control is performed in two stages. First, all sources are sent to a stereo mixer. Then, the stereo output of the mixer is fed into the final volume control circuitry. The final left and right outputs can be mixed in the fashion described above.

CtGetOutputSourcesXE "CtGetOutputSources"
Syntax
WORDCtGetOutputSources()
Returns the final mixer redirection mode.
Parameters
None
Return Value
0 = left mixer channel to left output & right mixer channel to right output, 1 = left mixer channel to both left and right outputs, 2 = right mixer channel to both left and right outputs.
Comments
None

CtSelectOutputModeXE "CtSelectOutputMode"
Syntax
WORDCtSelectOutputMode(value)
Controls the effect applied to the final output .
Parameters
WORDvalue
0 = Forced mono,1 = linear stereo,2 = pseudo stereo,3 = spatial stereo.
Return value
1 if ok.
Comments
Linear stereo is ordinary, with no effects added. The spatial and pseudo-stereo effects will be useful primarily when the original source is monophonic.

CtGetOutputModeXE "CtGetOutputMode"
Syntax
WORDCtGetOutputMode()
Returns the effect applied to the final output .
Parameters
None
Return value
0 = Forced mono,1 = linear stereo,2 = pseudo stereo,3 = spatial stereo.
Comments
None

GetControlRegisterXE "GetControlRegister"
Syntax
WORDGetControlRegister(reg)
Returns value stored on register 'reg' of Ad Lib Control Chip.
Parameters
intreg
Which register to read from. If reg is -1, this reads the control chip status register.
Return value
Returns the WORD at the register position.
Comments
None

CtGetBoardIdentificationCodeXE "CtGetBoardIdentificationCode"
Syntax
WORDCtGetBoardIdentificationCode()
Returns the board identification code.
Parameters
None
Return value
Board identification code:
0 -8 bit bus GSS card,1 -16 bit bus GSS card2 -(to be defined)
Comments
None

CtGetBoardOptionsXE "CtGetBoardOptions"
Syntax
WORDCtGetBoardOptions()
Returns a bit pattern indicating the options present on boardpresent
Parameters
None
Return value
Bit 0-3 (0 = not present, 1 = installed)
bit 0 - Telephone, bit 1 - Surround,bit 2 - SCSI,bit 3 - Currently unused
Comments
None

CtGetControllerStatusXE "CtGetControllerStatus"
Syntax
WORDCtGetControllerStatus()
Returns the interrupt controller status.
Parameters
None
Return value

bit 0 -equals 1 when an OPL3 interrupt is pendingbit 1 -equals 1 when an MMA interrupt is pendingbit 2 -equals 1 when an telephone interrupt is pendingbit 3 -equals 1 when a SCSI interrupt is pendingbit 6 -equals 1 when the Control Chip is currentlyoccupied writing a value to the Mixer Chip or the Volume Control Chip.bit 7Set to 1 when the Control Chip is busy writing its internal registers to the external EEPROM chip.This bit must be polled after activating the "Store configuration" sequence to make sure that the Control Chip is free to proceed with another operation.
Comments
Bit 7 and Bit 6 are polled by all set functions, prior to writing to the registers, to make sure that the Control Chip is free to proceed with another operation.
CtGetRingTelephoneStatusXE "CtGetRingTelephoneStatus"
Syntax
WORDCtGetRingTelephoneStatus()
Gets telephone status.
Parameters
None
Return value
bit 0:"Ring signal" (0 = no ring, 1 = ring)
Comments
None

CtGetInterruptRoutineXE "CtGetInterruptRoutine"
Syntax
WORDCtGetInterruptRoutine()
This routine returns the corresponding interrupt number associated with the interrupt request line used by the audio section.
Parameters
None
Return value
Corresponding interrupt number
Comments
Useful utility mostly used when setting interrupt vectors.

CtGetGoldCardPresenceXE "CtGetGoldCardPresence"
Syntax
WORDCtGetGoldCardPresence()
Checks for GSS card presence.
Parameters
None
Return value
1 if any GSS card is found. 0 if no GSS card is found.
Comments
None
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum33set ChapterName "FM Synthesis Driver"FM Synthesis Drivertc "SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber3:ChapterNameFM Synthesis Driver" \l2SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber3ChapterNameFM Synthesis Driver

Introduction
The Ad Lib GSS FM Synthesis Driver offers services to access features of the OPL3 FM Chip.
Voice Allocation Structure
The OPL3 chip contains 36 operators which can be combined in various ways to create 1-, 2- or 4-operator voices. (You may wish to refer to the "FM Driver Voices" table on the next page for the purposes of this discussion.)
The 4-operator voices offer the richest sound. Up to six 4-operator voices can be used simultaneously. In the FM Driver, the 4-operator voices are numbered 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10. By default, all six 4-operator voices are enabled. They may be selectively disabled, thus creating two 2-operator voices.
In the FM Driver, when 4-operator voice x is disabled, the two 2-operator voices are numbered x and x+1. For example, if 4-operator voice #2 was disabled, the resulting 2-operator voices will be numbered 2 and 3.

Use Set4OpMaskOPL3() to determine the grouping of the units in either 2 operator or 4 operator voices.
Six of the chip's operators can only be used as three 2-operator voices. These three voices are numbered 12, 13 and 14.
The configuration of the remaining 6 operators depends on whether the card is in melodic or percussive mode. In melodic mode, these 6 operators are configured as three 2-operator voices: driver voice numbers 15, 16 and 18. In percussive mode, the 6 operators are used to create one 2-operator voice (the bass drum) and four 1-operator voices (the remaining drum sounds). The percussive voices are driver voice numbers 15 through 19.
Use SetPercModeOPL3() to configure this section in the melodic or percussive mode.

4 operator voice number
2 operator voice number
Percussive voice number

0
0, 1
-

2
2,3
-

4
4,5
-

6
6,7
-

8
8,9
-

10
10,11
-

-
12
-

-
13
-

-
14
-

-
15
15 (BD)

-
16
16 (HH)

-
-
17 (SD)

-
18
18 (TOM)

-
-
19 (CYMB)

FM Driver Voices
Function Directory
The following section is an alphabetically arranged definition of all the functions available in the FM Synthesis Driver.

InitFMDriverXE "InitFMDriver"
Syntax
void InitFMTimer(void)
Initializes the FM Chip.
Parameters
None
Comments
After initialization, percussion voices are available and all 4 op-voices are enabled.
LeftRightOPL3XE "LeftRightOPL3"

Syntax
void LeftRightOPL3(voiceNum, leftRight)
Modifies the stereo position of the voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNums
VoiceNumber between 0 and 19.
intleftRight
Position of the specified voice:
0: Center.
1: Left.
2: Right.
LevelOPL3XE "LevelOPL3"
Syntax
void LevelOPL3(voiceNum, level)
Specify the individual volume for a voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNum
Voice number between 0 and 19
intlevel
Volume for the voice.
This in an integer number between 0 and 127.
Volume scaling is linear.
Comments
The volume is scaled linearly by the driver software.
NoteOffOPL3XE "NoteOffOPL3"
Syntax
void NoteOffOPL3(voiceNum)
Starts the decay of the timbre currently playing on the voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNum
VoiceNumber between 0 and 19.
NoteOnOPL3XE "NoteOnOPL3"
Syntax
void NoteOnOPL3(voiceNum, note)
Starts playing a note on the specified voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNum
VoiceNumber between 0 and 19.
intnote
MIDI value for the note played, in the range 12-107.
Comments
If a note is already playing on the specified voice, the frequency of the voice will be modified. However, the attack for the timbre will not be heard. To reattack the timbre on the specified voice, a NoteOffOPL3 must be issued.
PitchbendOPL3XE "PitchbendOPL3"
Syntax
void PitchBendOPL3(voiceNum, pitchBend)
Modifies the pitch bend scaling factor for the melodic voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNum
Melodic voiceNumber between 0 and 15.
WORDpitchBend
Pitch bend scaling factor within the range set in SetGlobalOPL3().
The pitch bend scaling factor is a 14 bit unsigned value. 0 is the maximum negative pitch bend, 0x2000 is no bend and 0x3FFF is the maximum positive pitch bend.
Comments
Percussive voices cannot be bent.
PresetOPL3XE "PresetOPL3"
Syntax
void PresetOPL3(voiceNum, timbrePtr)
Assigns a patch to the specified voice.
Parameters
intvoiceNum
voiceNumber between 0 and 19
struct TIMBRE*timbrePtr
pointer to a description (28 bytes) of the patch assigned to the voice.
Comments
If a 4 operator description is sent to a 2-op voice, only the first two operators are considered.
Appendix A: FM Patch format further describes the structure pointed to by timbrePtr.
QuitFMDriverXE "QuitFMDriver"
Syntax
void QuitFMDriver()
Resets the FM chip in the compatible mode.
Parameters
None.
Comments
This should be called by all applications prior to leaving, in order to put the OPL3 chip back in the Ad Lib compatible mode.
Set4OpMaskOPL3XE "Set4OpMaskOPL3"
Syntax
void Set4OpMaskOPL3(mask)
Enables or disables 4-op voices.
Parameters
WORDmask
Bit mask of enabled 4-op voices (in bits 0-5).
Bits 0-5 of mask specify whether the corresponding voice is in 4-op mode (bit set to 1) or in 2-op mode (bit cleared to 0).
Bit 0 corresponds to voice 0 (0-1 in 2 op), bit 1 to voice 2 (2-3 in 2 op) etc. (See to table 1 in the Voice Allocation section of this document).
Comments
There is a maximum of 6 4-op voices.
SetGlobalOPL3XE "SetGlobalOPL3"
Syntax
void SetGlobalOPL3(noteSelectEnable, amplitudeModEnable, vibDepthEnable, pitchBendRange)
Modifies global operating parameters of the OPL3.
Parameters
BOOLnoteSelectEnable
For future use. Set to 0 for now.
BOOLamplitudeModEnable
When non-zero, enables amplitude modulation for all timbres that have an amplitude modulation defined.
BOOLvibDepthEnable
When non-zero, enables vibrato for all timbres that have a vibrato depth defined.
intpitchBendRange
Range of the pitch bend in semitones. Integer between 0-12.
SetPercModeOPL3XE "SetPercModeOPL3"
Syntax
void SetPercModeOPL3(newState)
Sets the OPL3 in melodic or percussive mode.
Parameters
BOOLnewState
True for percussive mode, false for melodic mode.
Comments
If newState is true, disables melodic voices 15-18 and enables percussive voices 15-19 instead.
If newState is false, melodic voices 15-18 are enabled in place of percussive voices 15-19.
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum44set ChapterName "DOS Wave Driver"DOS Wave Drivertc "SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber4:ChapterNameDOS Wave Driver" \l2SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber4ChapterNameDOS Wave Driver

The Wave Driver is a high level software interface to the sampling hardware of the GSS Card. Its interface is inspired by the Microsoft Multimedia Wave Driver specifications. But in order to support the target hardware and software more efficiently, some adaptations were necessary. The main differences are:
The support of ADPCM as well as PCM formats.
The support of a stereo sample format.
The control of multiple transfer modes from memory to hardware (polling, interrupt, DMA). (This implies an extension of the WaveFormat structure to include the new parameters.)
The use of a callback function as a message-passing mechanism between the application and the driver during waveform recording and playback.
Some syntactical differences were introduced in the naming of functions and structures, in order to respect the naming conventions already in use in other modules.

The Wave Driver allows to queue multible memory blocks of data for playback, in interrupt or DMA mode. The blocks are returned to the application once thay have been processed, by the means of a callback mechanism. The callback routine is specified by the application in the WaveOutOpen() or WaveInOpen() calls.

DOS Wave Driver Function Directory
The following section is definition of all the functions available in the Wave Driver.

InitWaveDriverxe "InitWaveDriver"
Syntax
void InitWaveDriver()
Initializes the wave driver.It is to be called only once by the application.
Parameters
None
Return value
None
Comments
You must call InitControlDriver() prior to this calling this function.



QuitWaveDriverxe "QuitWaveDriver"
Syntax
Word QuitWaveDriver ()
This function resets the driver.
IMPORTANT: This must be called before returning to the DOS.
Parameters
None
Return value
This function should be called before CloseControlDriver().

WaveInAddBufferxe "WaveInAddBuffer"
Syntax
Word WaveInAddBuffer (hWaveIn, lpWaveInHdr, wSize)
Sends a buffer to a waveform input device. When the buffer is full, the application is notified.
Parameters
HWaveInhWaveIn
Specifies a handle to the waveform device which is to receive the buffer.
LpWaveHdrlpWaveInHdr
Specifies a far pointer to a WaveHdr structure that identifies the buffer.
WordwSize
Specifies the size of the WaveHdr structure.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid

WaveInClosexe "WaveInClose"
Syntax
Word WaveInClose(hWaveIn)
Closes the specified waveform input device.
Parameters
HWaveInhWaveIn
Specifies a handle to the waveform input device to be closed.If the function is successful, the handle is no longer valid after this call.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid
WERR_STILLPLAYING
There are still buffers in the queue
Comments
If there are input buffers that have been sent with WaveInAddBuffer, and have not been used, the close operation will fail. Call in WaveInReset to mark all pending buffers as done.

WaveInGetNumDevsxe "WaveInGetNumDevs"
Syntax
Word WaveInGetNumDevs()
Retrieves the number of waveform input devices present in the system.
Parameters
None
Returns value
Returns the number of waveform input devices in the system.

WaveInOpenxe "WaveInOpen"
Syntax
Word WaveInOpen(lphWaveIn, wDeviceID, lpFormat, dwCallBack, dwCallBackData, dwFlags)
Opens the specified waveform input device for recording.
Parameters
HWaveInfar *lpWaveIn
Specifies a pointer to a HWaveIn handle. This location is filled with a handle identifying the opened waveform input device. Use this handle to identify the device when calling other waveform input functions.
This parameter may be NULL if the WAVE_FORMAT_QUERY flag is specified for the dwFlags.
Word wDeviceID
Identifies the waveform input device that is to be opened.
LpWaveFormatlpFormat
Specifies a far pointer to a WaveFormat data structure that identifies the desired format for recording the waveform data.
int (far * dwCallBack)(HWaveIn dev, LpWaveHdr block, DWord dwCallBackData)
Specifies the address of a callback function. The callback function is called by the driver during recording to process messages related to the progress of the recording.
Specify NULL for this parameter if no callback is desired.
DWorddwCallbackData
Specifies 32 bits of user defined data that is passed to the callback function.
DWorddwFlags
Specifies flags for opening the device.
WAVE_FORMAT_QUERY
If this flag is specified, the device driver will determine if it supports the given format, but will not actually open the device.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_ALLOCATED
Specified resource is already allocated.
WERR_BADDEVICEID
Specified device is out of range.
WERR_BADTRANSFERMODE
Specified transfer mode is unsupported or unavailable.
WERR_STEREOBADCHANNEL
Invalid channel for stereo output (stereo output is only possible on channel 0).
WERR_STEREONEED2FREECHNL
Could not allocate two consecutive channels for stereo output.
WERR_UNSUPPORTEDFORMAT
Attempted to open with an unsupported wave format.(This error code not currently supported).
Comments
Use WaveInGetNumDevs to determine the number of input devices present in the system. The device ID specified by wDeviceID varies from 0 to one less than the specified number of devices present.
The application should make sure that the transfer mode specified in the lpFormat variable is supported by the hardware configuration. The wave driver does NOT validate a DMA or interrupt transfer. This can be done by calling the appropriate functions in the control chip driver.

WaveInResetxe "WaveInReset"
Syntax
Word WaveInReset(hWaveIn)
Stops input on a given waveform device and resets the current position to 0. All pending buffers are marked as done.
Parameters
HWaveInhWaveIn
Specifies a handle to the input device that is to be reset.
Return value
Returns zero if the function is successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.

WaveInStartxe "WaveInStart"
Syntax
Word WaveInStart(hWaveIn)
Starts input on a given waveform input device.
Parameters
HWaveInhWaveIn
Specifies a handle to the input device to be started.
Return value
Returns zero if the function is successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Buffers are returned to the client when full or when WaveInReset is called (the dwBytesRecorded field in the header will contain the actual length of the data). If there are no buffers available, the data is thrown away without notification to the client and input will continue.
Calling this function when input is already started will have no effect and 0 will be returned.

WaveOutBreakLoopxe "WaveOutBreakLoop"
Syntax
Word WaveOutReset(hWaveOut)
Breaks a loop on a given waveform device and allows playback to continue with the next block in the driver list.
Parameters
HWaveOut hWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device to receive the command.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid
Comments
Waveform looping is controlled by the dwLoops and dwFlags fields in the WaveHdr structures passed to the device with WaveOutWrite. Use the WHDR_BEGINLOOP and WHDR_ENDLOOP flags in the WaveHdr structure to specify the beginning and ending data blocks for looping. To loop on a single block, specify both flags for the same block. Use the dwLoops field in the WaveHdr structure for the first block in the loop to specify the number of loops.
Calling this function when nothing is playing or looping will have no effect and 0 will be returned.

WaveOutClosexe "WaveOutClose"
Syntax
Word WaveOutClose(hWaveOut)
This function closes the specified waveform output device.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device to be closed. If the function is successful, the handle is no longer valid after the call.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
WERR_STILLPLAYING
There are still buffers in the device queue.
Comments
If the device is still playing a waveform, the close operation will fail. Use WaveOutReset to terminate playback before calling WaveOutClose.

WaveOutGetNumDevsxe "WaveOutGetNumDevs"
Syntax
Word WaveOutGetNumDevs()
Retrieves the number of waveform output devices present in the system.
Parameters
None
Returns value
Returns the number of waveform output devices in the system.

WaveOutGetVolumexe "WaveOutGetVolume"
Syntax
Word WaveOutGetVolume(hWaveOut, lpdwVolume)
This function queries the current volume setting of a waveform output device.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Identifies the wave output device.
LPDWordlpdwVolume
Specifies a far pointer to a location that will be filled with the current volume setting.
The high-order word contains the left channel volume and the low-order word contains the right channel volume.
If a device does not support volume control on both left and right channels (if the device is opened in mono), only the right channel value is used.
A value of 0xFFFF specifies full volume and a value of 0x0000 is silence.
Return Value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Volume control is supported on the left and right channels only if the device was opened specifying 2 in the nChannel field of the lpWaveFormat structure of WaveInOpen.

WaveOutOpenxe "WaveOutOpen"
Syntax
Word WaveOutOpen(lphWaveOut, wDeviceId, lpFormat, dwCallBack, dwCallBackData, dwFlags)
Opens a specified waveform output device for playback.
Parameters
HWaveOutfar *lphWaveOut
Specifies a pointer to an HWAVEOUT handle. This location is filled with a handle identifying the opened waveform output device. Use the handle to identify the device when calling other wave ouput functions. This parameter may be NULL if WAVE_FORMAT_QUERY is specified in dwFlags.
WordwDeviceID
Identifies the waveform output device that is to be opened.
LpWaveFormat lpFormat
Specifies a pointer to a WaveFormat structure that identifies the format of the waveform that will be sent to the output device.The WaveFormat structure is also used to specify the "mode" by which the data will be sent to the hardware (WAVE_TRANF_POLLING, WAVE_TRANSF_INTERRUPT, WAVE_TRANSF_ DMA).
int (far * dwCallBack)(HWaveOut dev, LpWaveHdr block, DWord dwCallBackData)
Specifies the address of a callback function. The callback function is called by the driver during playback to process messages related to the progress of the playback.
Specify NULL for this parameter if no callback is desired.
DWorddwCallbackData
Specifies 32 bits of user defined data that is passed to the callback.
DWorddwFlags
Specifies flags for opening the device.
WAVE_FORMAT_QUERY
If this flag is specified, the device driver will determine if it supports the given format, but will not actually open the device.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_ALLOCATED
Specified resource is already allocated.
WERR_BADDEVICEID
Specified device is out of range.
WERR_BADTRANSFERMODE
Specified transfer mode is unsupported or unavailable.
WERR_STEREOBADCHANNEL
Invalid channel for stereo output (stereo output is only possible on channel 0).
WERR_STEREONEED2FREECHNL
Could not allocate two consecutive channels for stereo output.
WERR_UNSUPPORTEDFORMAT
Attempted to open with an unsupported wave format.(This error code not currently supported).
Comments
Use WaveOutGetNumDevs to determine the number of output devices present in the system. The device ID specified by wDeviceID varies from 0 to one less than the specified number of devices present.
The application should make sure that the transfer mode specified in the lpFormat structure is supported by the hardware configuration. The wave driver does NOT validate a DMA or interrupt transfer. This can be made by calling the appropriate functions in the control chip driver. The wave driver uses information stored in the control chip to determine which interrupt and which DMA line it will use.

WaveOutPausexe "WaveOutPause"
Syntax
Word WaveOutPause(hWaveOut)
Pauses playback on a specified waveform output device. The current playback position is saved. Use WaveOutRestart to resume playback from the current playback position.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device to be paused.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Calling this function when output is already paused will have no effect and 0 will be returned.

WaveOutResetxe "WaveOutReset"
Syntax
Word WaveOutReset(hWaveOut)
Stops playback on a given waveform output device and resets the current position to 0. All pending playback buffers are marked as done.
Parameters
HWaveOut hWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device that is to be reset.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.

WaveOutRestartxe "WaveOutRestart"
Syntax
Word WaveOutRestart(hWaveOut)
This function restarts a paused waveform output device.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device that is to be restarted.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Calling this function when the output is not paused will have no effect and 0 will be returned.

WaveOutSetLeftRightxe "WaveOutSetLeftRight"xe "WaveOutRestart"
Syntax
Word WaveOutSetLeftRight(hWaveOut, leftRight)
Selects which sides the output will be directed to.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform output device that is to be restarted.
WordleftRight
Flags specifying the output direction:
WAVE_STEREO_LEFTWAVE_STEREO_CENTERWAVE_STEREO_RIGHT
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid
Comments
This function is useful only when the channel is monophonic. Stereophonic channels are always output left and right.

WaveOutSetVolumexe "WaveOutSetVolume"
Syntax
Word WaveOutSetVolume(hWaveOut, dwVolume)
Sets the volume of a waveform output device.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Identifies the wave output device.
Dword dwVolume
Specifies the volume setting.
The high-order word contains the left channel volume and the low-order word contains the right channel volume.
If a device does not support volume control on both left and right channels (if the device is opened in mono), only the right channel value is used.
A value of 0xFFFF specifies full volume and a value of 0x0000 is silence.
Return value
Returns zero if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Volume control is supported on the left and right channels only if the device was opened specifying 2 in the nChannel field of the lpWaveFormat structure specified in WaveOutOpen.
Note that this controls output volume only.

WaveOutWritexe "WaveOutWrite"
Syntax
Word WaveOutWrite(hWaveOut, lpWaveOutHdr, wSize)
Sends a data block to the specified waveform output device.
Parameters
HWaveOuthWaveOut
Specifies a handle to the waveform device that the data is to be sent to.
LpWaveHdrlpWaveOutHdr
Specifies a far pointer to a WaveHdr structure containing information about the data block.
WordwSize
Specifies the size of the WaveHdr structure.
Return value
Returns 0 if the function was successful. Otherwise, it returns an error code. Possible error codes are:
WERR_INVALIDHANDLE
Specified device handle is invalid.
Comments
Unless playback is paused by WaveoutPause, playback begins when the first data block is sent to the device.
When writing to a device opened using the WAVE_TRANSF_POLLING mode, control will be returned to the application only when the buffer has been completely played. Using this transfer mode, wave output must be paused with WaveOutPause prior to calling WaveOutWrite if the application must write more than one buffer.
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum55set ChapterName "DOS Timer Driver"DOS Timer Drivertc "SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber5:ChapterNameDOS Timer Driver" \l2SectionNumber3.ChapterNumber5ChapterNameDOS Timer Driver


The GSS cards offers to developers 5 multi-purpose timers. They are physically located on two different chips but their implementation are similar.
All timers have their own base clock (time resolution) and counter size (maximum period). The controls available for all timers are:
oWrite access in their register of different count values (divider).
oStop and start (decrementing the initial stored count until it reach zero and re-writing the original count, again and again).
oEnable/disable interrupts to occur on zero count crossing.
oRead the interrupt status (access on the zero count crossing).
Some differences exist and need to be noticed:
oThe timer 2 from the MMA chip is the only timer whose current count can be read.
oYamaha in its own documentation use the terms timer 1 and 2 for the timers physically located in the OPL3 chip and timers located in the MMA chip.
oA base counter (another timer) is used in the MMA chip as an input clock for the timers 1 and 2. Those last two timers are decremented each time the base counter reaches zero. This means that the software must initialized the base counter with an appropriate value then the timer 1 or 2.
o OPL3 timers are NOT available on Level 1 implementation of the drivers.
Here is a table that illustrates the specifications of all timers:


OPL3 chip

MMA chip






Tim. 1
Tim. 2
Tim. 0
B. C.
Tim. 1
Tim. 2

time resolution in sec

80
320
1.89
1.89
1.89
1.89

max period length in msec

20.4
81.6
123.83
7.738
116.07
507116

counter size in bits

8
8
16
12
4+12
16+12

Table 1: Hardware specifications of timers

Remember that the MMA timer 1 and 2 are combined with the MMA base counter and that their combined specifications gives for the timer 1 a size of 16 bits and for the timer 2 a size of 28 bits.
The timer's function can be access directly or by the TimerDrvService functions which is a dispatcher.
Each timer function is presented in the following pages.

LoadStartOPL3Timer1XE "LoadStartOPL3Timer1"
LoadStartOPL3Timer2XE "LoadStartOPL3Timer2"
LoadStartMMATimer0XE "LoadStartMMATimer0"
LoadStartMMATimer1XE "LoadStartMMATimer1"
LoadStartMMATimer2XE "LoadStartMMATimer2"

Syntax
WORDLoadStartOPL3Timer1(void)WORD LoadStartOPL3Timer2(void)WORDLoadStartMMATimer0(void)WORDLoadStartMMATimer1(void)WORDLoadStartMMATimer2(void)
This will load the physical counter with the count associated and start the counter.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when loading.
Comments
None

StopOPL3Timer1XE "StopOPL3Timer1"
StopOPL3Timer2XE "StopOPL3Timer2"
StopMMATimer0XE "StopMMATimer0"
StopMMATimer1XE "StopMMATimer1"
StopMMATimer2XE "StopMMATimer2"

Syntax
WORDStopOPL3Timer1(void)WORDStopOPL3Timer2(void)WORDStopMMATimer0(void)WORDStopMMATimer1(void)WORDStopMMATimer2(void)
Stop the associated timer.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when stoping.
Comments
None

SetOPL3Timer1CounterXE "SetOPL3Timer1Counter"
SetOPL3Timer2CounterXE "SetOPL3Timer2Counter"
SetMMATimer0CounterXE "SetMMATimer0Counter"
SetMMATimer1CounterXE "SetMMATimer1Counter"
SetMMATimer2CounterXE "SetMMATimer2Counter"
SetMMABaseCounterCounterXE "SetMMABaseCounterCounter"

Syntax
WORDSetOPL3Timer1Counter(BYTE count)WORDSetOPL3Timer2Counter(BYTE count)WORDSetMMATimer0Counter(WORD count)WORDSetMMATimer1Counter(BYTE count)WORDSetMMATimer2Counter(WORD count)WORDSetMMABaseCounterCounter(WORD count)
Set the OPL3 and MMA timer with the count value. Base clock periods are the following:
OPL3Timer1:79.9682 usOPL3Timer2:319.873 usMMATimer0:1.89 usMMATimer1:1.89 usMMATimer2:1.89 usMMATimerBaseCounter:1.89 us
See table xx for more information the capacity of each timer.
Parameters
BYTE countWORD count
The parameters count specified the number of cycle the timer is supposed to do. Depending of timer count is BYTE or WORD parameter.
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was successful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when setting.
Comments
It is important to check the table xx because each timer don't use all of the bits in the count parameters.

SetOPL3Timer1PeriodXE "SetOPL3Timer1Period"
SetOPL3Timer2PeriodXE "SetOPL3Timer2Period"
SetMMATimer0PeriodXE "SetMMATimer0Period"
SetMMATimer1PeriodXE "SetMMATimer1Period"
SetMMATimer2PeriodXE "SetMMATimer2Period"
SetMMABaseCounterPeriodXE "SetMMABaseCounterPeriod"

Syntax
WORDSetOPL3Timer1Period(DWORD lPeriod)WORDSetOPL3Timer2Period(DWORD lPeriod)WORDSetMMATimer0Period(DWORD lPeriod)WORDSetMMATimer1Period(DWORD lPeriod)WORDSetMMATimer2Period(DWORD lPeriod)WORDSetMMABaseCounterPeriod(DWORD lPeriod)
This set of functions offer another way to set the count of a timer. The period of a cycle is passed instead of passing the divider. It becomes more easy for the programmer to think in terms of period rather than in terms of a divider to associate with the required period.
Parameters
DWORD lPeriod
Period in usec to be passed to the timer.
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when setting.
Comments
Check the table xx to be sure to respect the maximum capacity of the timer. The period will be round to the precision of the timer.

EnableOPL3Timer1XE "EnableOPL3Timer1"
EnableOPL3Timer2XE "EnableOPL3Timer2"
EnableMMATimer0XE "EnableMMATimer0"
EnableMMATimer1XE "EnableMMATimer1"
EnableMMATimer2XE "EnableMMATimer2"

Syntax
WORDEnableOPL3Timer1(void)WORDEnableOPL3Timer2(void)WORDEnableMMATimer0(void)WORDEnableMMATimer1(void)WORDEnableMMATimer2(void)
This will set the mask bit associated with the timer interrupt.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when enabling.
Comments
None

DisableOPL3Timer1XE "DisableOPL3Timer1"
DisableOPL3Timer2XE "DisableOPL3Timer2"
DisableMMATimer0XE "DisableMMATimer0"
DisableMMATimer1XE "DisableMMATimer1"
DisableMMATimer2XE "DisableMMATimer2"

Syntax
WORDDisableOPL3Timer1(void)WORDDisableOPL3Timer2(void)WORDDisableMMATimer0(void)WORDDisableMMATimer1(void)WORDDisableMMATimer2(void)
This will reset the mask bit associated with the timer interrupt.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured when disabling.
Comments
None

GetOPL3TimerIntStatusXE "GetOPL3TimerIntStatus"
GetMMATimerIntStatusXE "GetMMATimerIntStatus"

Syntax
WORD GetOPL3TimerIntStatus(void)WORDGetMMATimerIntStatus(void)
These functions will return the state of timer interrupt of the OPL3 and MMA.
Parameters
None
Return value
OPL3
return 0 if no timer has interrupted.return 2 if timer 1 has interrupted.return 1 if timer 2 has interrupted.return 3 if timer 1 and 2 has interrupted.MMAreturn 0 if no timer has interrupted.return 1 if timer 0 has interrupted.return 2 if timer 1 has interrupted.return 4 if tmer 2 has interrupted.or any combination of 1,2 and 4 if multiple timer has interrupted.
Comments
The MMA chip has a special behavior: it will reset the interrupt bit after a status register reading. Note that this routine is automatically called by the main interrupt handler from the Control Chip Driver. Using GetOPL3TimerIntStatus will not reset the OPL3 status register bits.

AssignOPL3Timer1IntServiceXE "AssignOPL3Timer1IntService"
AssignOPL3Timer2IntServiceXE "AssignOPL3Timer2IntService"
AssignMMATimer0IntServiceXE "AssignMMATimer0IntService"
AssignMMATimer1IntServiceXE "AssignMMATimer1IntService"
AssignMMATimer2IntServiceXE "AssignMMATimer2IntService"

Syntax
WORDAssignOPL3Timer1IntService(void (*function)(void))WORDAssignOPL3Timer2IntService(void (*function)(void))WORDAssignMMATimer0IntService(void (*function)(void))WORDAssignMMATimer1IntService(void (*function)(void))WORDAssignMMATimer2IntService(void (*function)(void))
Use by applications to assign their callback function on a specific interrupt.
Parameters
void (*function)(void)
The parameter is the callback prototype.
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured with the assign procedure.
Comments
The application user must specifie a callback routine that will automatically be called when the interrupt occurs. This callback function must be very short to execute because this is a timer interrupt that may occurs at a very high rate. At initialisation the default service hooked on each timer interrupt is a local DoNothing function that must be replaced by the application user.

RestoreOPL3Timer1IntServiceXE "RestoreOPL3Timer1IntService"
RestoreOPL3Timer2IntServiceXE "RestoreOPL3Timer2IntService"
RestoreMMATimer0IntServiceXE "RestoreMMATimer0IntService"
RestoreMMATimer1IntServiceXE "RestoreMMATimer1IntService"
RestoreMMATimer2IntServiceXE "RestoreMMATimer2IntService"

Syntax
WORDRestoreOPL3Timer1IntService(void)WORDRestoreOPL3Timer2IntService(void)WORDRestoreMMATimer0IntService(void)WORDRestoreMMATimer1IntService(void)WORDRestoreMMATimer2IntService(void)
Use by applications to remove their callback function from the interrupt process.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured with the restore procedure.
Comments
None

ExecOPL3Timer1IntServiceXE "ExecOPL3Timer1IntService"
ExecOPL3Timer2IntServiceXE "ExecOPL3Timer2IntService"
ExecMMATimer0IntServiceXE "ExecMMATimer0IntService"
ExecMMATimer1IntServiceXE "ExecMMATimer1IntService"
ExecMMATimer2IntServiceXE "ExecMMATimer2IntService"

Syntax
voidExecOPL3Timer1IntService(void)voidExecOPL3Timer2IntService(void)voidExecMMATimer0IntService(void)voidExecMMATimer1IntService(void)voidExecMMATimer2IntService(void)
Those routines will execute the function associated with each interrupt.
Parameters
None
Return value
None
Comments
None

ResetOPL3LastTimerIntXE "ResetOPL3LastTimerInt"
Syntax
WORDResetOPL3LastTimerInt(void)
This will reset the IRQ signal generated by timers 1 and 2.
Parameters
None
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured with the reset procedure.
Comments
This function does not exist for the MMA because the MMA clear the status after each reading of the status register.

AllocateOPL3Timer1XE "AllocateOPL3Timer1"
AllocateOPL3Timer2XE "AllocateOPL3Timer2"
AllocateMMATimer0XE "AllocateMMATimer0"
AllocateMMATimer1XE "AllocateMMATimer1"
AllocateMMATimer2XE "AllocateMMATimer2"
AllocateMMABaseCounterXE "AllocateMMABaseCounter"

Syntax
WORDAllocateOPL3Timer1(void)WORDAllocateOPL3Timer2(void)WORDAllocateMMATimer0(void)WORDAllocateMMATimer1(void)WORDAllocateMMATimer2(void)WORDAllocateMMABaseCounter(void)
This procedure will reserve and from then denied any external application access to this timer.
Parameters
None
Return value
1: if available 0: if not available
Comments
Any application who wants to use the service of any timers should ask the Timer Driver for its disponibility using an allocation routine. The application should free the timer after use.

FreeOPL3Timer1XE "FreeOPL3Timer1"
FreeOPL3Timer2XE "FreeOPL3Timer2"
FreeMMATimer0XE "FreeMMATimer0"
FreeMMATimer1XE "FreeMMATimer1"
FreeMMATimer2XE "FreeMMATimer2"
FreeMMABaseCounterXE "FreeMMABaseCounter"

Syntax
WORDFreeOPL3Timer1(void)WORDFreeOPL3Timer2(void)WORDFreeMMATimer0(void)WORDFreeMMATimer1(void)WORDFreeMMATimer2(void)WORDFreeMMABaseCounter(void)
Free the the timer.
Parameters
None
Return value
1: if operation succed0: if operation not succed
Comments
None

GetMMATimer2ContentXE "GetMMATimer2Content"
Syntax
WORDGetMMATimer2Content(void)
This routine returns the content of the MMA timer 2.
Parameters
None
Return value
16 bit content of MMA timer 2
Comments
This is the only timer that can be read. These timers respect the specification of Windows Multi-Media.

GetOPL3Timer1CapsXE "GetOPL3Timer1Caps"
GetOPL3Timer2CapsXE "GetOPL3Timer2Caps"
GetMMATimer0CapsXE "GetMMATimer0Caps"
GetMMATimer1CapsXE "GetMMATimer1Caps"
GetMMATimer2CapsXE "GetMMATimer2Caps"

Syntax
WORDGetOPL3Timer1Caps(DWORD far *lPeriodMin, DWORD far *lPeriodMax)WORDGetOPL3Timer2Caps(DWORD far *lPeriodMin, DWORD far *lPeriodMax)WORDGetMMATimer0Caps(DWORD far *lPeriodMin, DWORD far *lPeriodMax)WORDGetMMATimer1Caps(DWORD far *lPeriodMin, DWORD far *lPeriodMax)WORDGetMMATimer2Caps(DWORD far *lPeriodMin, DWORD far *lPeriodMax)
Used by external modules to query the driver on physical limits of each timer. It returns the minimum and maximum period covered by the timer in micro seconds.
Parameters
DWORD far *lPeriodMin DWORD far *lPeriodMax
These two address will receve the minimum and the maximum period capacity respectively of the timer.
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured with the procedure.
Comments
None

InitTimerDriverXE "InitTimerDriver"
Syntax
WORDInitTimerDriver(WORD base)
This procedure initialize the Timer Driver structure with default values. This procedure should be used the first time the driver is called.
Parameters
WORD base
Actual address of the Ad Lib control chip.
Return value
TIMER_NO_ERROR
If the function was sucessful.
TIMER_FUNCTION_ERROR
If a problem occured with the procedure.
Comments
None

TimerDrvServiceXE "TimerDrvService"
Syntax
WORDfarTimerDrvService(WORD segm, WORD offs)
Entry point for the AdLib timer dispatcher. The segment and offset of the argument structure are passed as argument.
Parameters
WORD segm
WORD offs
These two parameters specify the segment and the offset of the following structure which is used to pass parameters to the TimerDrvService routine.
struct TimerArgum {
WORD controlID;which service to be usedWORD timerDv;on which timerDWORD param;optionnal based on service usedDWORD param2;optionnal based on service usedvoid(interrupt far *function)(); optionnal based on service used }
Return value
Service result if any.
Comments
See TimerDrv.h for all ID of services.

Set SectionName "Hardware Reference"Hardware Referenceset SectionNumber seq SectionNum44set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum \r000set ChapterName "" tc "SectionNumber4: SectionNameHardware Reference" \l 1SectionNumber4:SectionNameHardware Reference

set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum11set ChapterName "Mixer and Setup Features"Mixer and Setup Featurestc "SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber1:ChapterNameMixer and Setup Features" \l2SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber1ChapterNameMixer and Setup Features


Register Access
The control chip registers are implemented as a set of phantom registers to the second bank of FM registers. Access to the the control chip is triggered by writing 0FFh to the address register of the second FM bank (38Ah). Thereafter, all reads/writes will access the control chip. Access to the second FM bank is returned by writing 0FEh to the same address register.
As with the FM and sampling chips, the control chip uses two port addresses. The first address, 38Ah, is the address register and writing a register number to this address selects a given data register. The second address, 38Bh, is the data address. Values written to this address are directed to the register number specified by the previous write to the address register. There are delays that must be respected when writing to certain registers. These delays are explained in detail in the Status Register section.
By default, the control chip is located at 38Ah and 38Bh. However, the chip may be relocated (as explained in the section Audio Relocalization). Regardless of where the chip is located, the data register port address is always one greater than the address register port address.
All data registers on the control chip are read/write. Reading a register will return its current value. The only execption to this are registers 0 and 1. All registers are explained below in detail.
The GSS level 2 cards contain permanent memory (EEPROM) in which the boot-up values for all registers are stored.
Disabling Interrupts when accessing the hardware

In order to avoid possible conflicts between applications that try to access the same hardware at the same time, it is recommended that interrupts be disabled when accessing the OPL3, the Control Chip or the MMA. This will avoid conflicts between applications, TSR programs and drivers that will be supplied with the GSS Cards card in the future.

This procedure should be strictly adhered to for all software developed for the GSS Cards card.

To insure that the interrupt flag status is not destroyed when re-enabling interrupts, the following procedure is recommended:

To disable interrupts:

pushf; push flags, include interrupt flags
cli; clear interrupts

To re-enable interrupts:

popf; pop flag, includes interrupt flags


Status Register
Reading the address port (38Ah by default) when the control chip access has been triggered returns the following information:
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

RB
SB
X
X
SCSI
TEL
SMP
FM


The 4 least significant bits indicate interrupt status. Reading this register does not reset the interrupt status. A zeroed bit indicates which section of the board has generated an interrupt. FM indicates the FM section has generated an interrupt; SMP, the sampling section; TEL, the telephone section; SCSI, the SCSI section. SB set indicates that the card is busy writing to a register. RB set indicates that the card is busy writing its registers to memory.
A delay of approximately 450 sec is required after writing to any of registers 4 to 8. A delay of approximately 5 sec is required after writing to any of registers 9 through 16. As well, the chip must not be accessed while the chip is saving its registers to memory. In order to respect these delays, the SB and RB bits should be polled until they become zero. As a general rule, always poll the SB and RB bits before writing anything to the chip.
As well, the chip must not be accessed while it is restoring its registers from memory. This process takes a bit less than 2.5 milliseconds. As there is no status bit for this action, the timing must be done in software.
IMPORTANT: Before returning access to the FM chip (writing FEh to 38Ah), all delays must have expired. Results will be unpredictable otherwise.
Register Map
The diagram on the following page is a summary of the control chip registers. When writing to registers which contain undesignated bits, these bits must be set to zero. Locations where certain bits must be set are indicated by a "1" in the register map.

Register Map, Control Chip
REG
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

00






ST
RT

01






RING
TC

02
SAMPLING GAIN - LEFT








03
SAMPLING GAIN - RIGHT








04
1
1
FINAL OUTPUT VOLUME - LEFT






05
1
1
FINAL OUTPUT VOLUME -RIGHT






06
1
1
1
1
BASS




07
1
1
1
1
TREBLE




08
1
1
MU
ST-MONO

SOURCE



09
FM VOLUME - LEFT








0A
FM VOLUME - RIGHT








0B
SAMPLING VOLUME - LEFT








0C
SAMPLING VOLUME - RIGHT








0D
AUX VOLUME - LEFT








0E
AUX VOLUME - RIGHT








0F
MICROPHONE VOLUME








10
TELEPHONE VOLUME








11


SPKR

MFB
XMO
FLT0
FLT1

12









13
DEN0
DMA SEL 0


AEN
INT SEL A



14
DEN1
DMA SEL 1







15

AUDIO RELOCATE







16
DENS
DMA SEL S


SIEN
INT SEL S



17

SCSI RELOCATE







18
SURROUND










Register Reference
Control/ID
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
X
X
X
X
X
ST
RT

Register #0: Write
Writing to the Control/ID byte with the ST bit set will cause all control chip registers, in their current state, to be written to memory. If RT is set, then all registers will be restored from memory. When the operation is finished, the control chip sets the appropriate bit back to zero. It is not necessary to manually clear the bit.
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
OP2
OP1
OP0
MODEL ID




Register #0: Read
Reading this register gives information on the model of the card and which options are present. The currently defined MODEL ID's are:
ID
GSS Model

0
16 bit bus

1
8 Bit bus

2
MicroChannel


The OP0, OP1 and OP2 bits indicate which of the board options are present and are SET when the option is NOT present.
Bit
Option

OP0
Telephone

OP1
Surround

OP2
CD-ROM



Reg.1: Telephone Control
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
TC

Register #1: Write
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
X
X
X
X
X
RING
TC

Register #1: Read
Setting TC engages the telephone line; clearing the bit hangs up. Reading this register returns the state of the telephone ring signal: RING set indicates that the line is NOT ringing and TC returns the status of the telephone line (i.e. the previously written value of TC).
Reg. 2-3: Sampling Gain
Registers 2 and 3 control the gain on sampling channels 0 (left) and 1 (right). 256 different gain values are possible, giving a range from approximately 0.04 to 10 times the input value. The exact gain is given by the equation:
Gain = (RegisterValue * 10) / 256
Reg. 4-5: Final Output Volume
These registers control the overall output volume of the card. They replace the potentiometer found on the original Ad Lib card. Adjusting for left and right channels separately allows the balance to be varied.
The volume ranges from +6 dB to -64 dB in steps of 2 dB. An additional step gives -80 dB (off). IMPORTANT: Bits D6 and D7 must be set to 1.

dB
D5-D0

6
3F

4
3E

o
o
o
o
o
o

-62
1D

-64
1C

-80
1B

o
o
o
o
o
o

-80
0

Registers #4 and #5
Reg. 6: Bass
The bass control has a range of +15dB to -12 dB in 3 dB steps. The bass is set using bits D0-D3. IMPORTANT: Bits D4 - D7 must be set to 1.
dB
D3-D0

15
F

o
o
o
o
o
o

15
B

12
A

o
o
o
o
o
o

0
6

o
o
o
o
o
o

-12
2

o
o
o
o
o
o

-12
0

Register #6

Reg. 7: Treble
The treble control has a range of +12dB to -12 dB in 3 dB steps. The treble is set using bits D0-D3. IMPORTANT: Bits D4 - D7 must be set to 1.
dB
D3-D0

12
F

o
o
o
o
o
o

12
A

o
o
o
o
o
o

0
6

o
o
o
o
o
o

-12
2

o
o
o
o
o
o

-12
0

Register #7
Reg. 8: Output Mode
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

1
1
MU
ST-MONO

SOURCE



Register #8
This register controls the final output. This final output section takes as its input the output from the mixing section. SOURCE indicates which channels from the mixer are selected for final output. If only one input channel is selected, it is directed to both output channels. Stereo input results in stereo output.
SOURCE
Channels

6
Left and right

4
Right only

2
Left only



ST-MONO selects the type of effect applied to the final ouput:
ST-MONO
Effect

3
Spatial stereo

2
Pseudo stereo

1
Linear stereo

0
Forced mono


Linear stereo is ordinary, stereo output with no effects added. The spatial and pseudo stereo effects will be useful primarily when the original sources are monophonic. If the surround option is present, the output signal is modified after mixing and the attributes of this register are then applied.
Setting MU enables muting; clearing it disables muting.
IMPORTANT: Bits D6 and D7 must be set to 1.
Reg. 9-10: Mixing Volumes
Registers 9 through 10h are individual volume control registers and constitute the mixing section of the card. 128 different linear volume levels are possible, ranging from 128 (silent) to 255 (maximum gain). Note that writing values less than 128 will result in a signal with negative polarity and should be avoided because the resulting signal may cancel out another signal of opposite polarity.
Reg. 11: Audio Selection
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
X
SPKR
X
MFB
XMO
FLT0
FLT1

Register #11h
The GSS card uses antialiasing filters during sampling and playback to ensure maximum audio quality. Because these operations are mutually exclusive on a given channel, the same antialiasing filter is used for sampling and playback. When FLT0 is set, the filter for Channel 0 (left) is set for input (recording); clearing the bit sets the filter for output (playback). FLT1 operates similarly, but is applied to Channel 1 (right).
Normally, the Aux input on the card is sampled in stereo on both channels at the same time. This stereo input can be turned monophonic and sampled on Channel 0 by setting XMO. Clearing XMO returns Aux input to its normal state.
When the telephone option of the GSS card is present, microphone input is directed to both the loudspeaker output as well as the telephone when MFB is cleared. However, this could cause feedback to occur. When MFB is set, the microphone signal is not directed to the loudspeaker output, thus eliminating possible causes of feedback. Although this feature is intended for use with the telephone option, it is operational at all times so that setting MFB always removes the microphone from the final output.
The internal audio speaker from the PC can be mixed directly with the final audio signal of the GSS Card. When SPKR is cleared, the signal is disconnected; when set it is connected.
Register 12h
Register 12h is unused and should be ignored or set to 0 otherwise.
Reg. 13: Audio IRQ/DMA Select - Channel 0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

DEN0
DMA SEL 0


AEN
INT SEL A



Register #13h
Audio interrupts (FM, sampling and telephone) are enabled when AEN is set. The following values for INT SEL A select the corresponding interrupt line:

INT SEL A
IRQ

0
3

1
4

2
5

3
7

4
10

5
11

6
12

7
15


Only IRQ 3, 4, 5, and 7 are available on 8-bit bus models. All listed interrupts are available on the 16-bit bus and MicroChannel Bus..
DMA for sampling channel 0 is enabled when DEN0 is set. The following values for DMA SEL 0 select the corresponding DMA line:
DMA SEL 0
DMA Line

0
0

1
1

2
2

3
3


Only DMA 1, 2 and 3 are available on 8-bit bus models. All listed DMA lines are available otherwise.
Reg. 14: DMA Select - Channel 1
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

DEN1
DMA SEL 1


X
X
X
X

Register #14

DMA for sampling channel 1 is enabled when DEN1 is set. The following values for DMA SEL 1 select the corresponding DMA line:
DMA SEL 1
DMA Line

0
0

1
1

2
2

3
3


Only DMA 1, 2 and 3 are available on the 8 bit-bus models. All listed DMA lines are available otherwise
Reg. 15: Audio Relocalisation
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
AUDIO RELOCATE







Register #15h
This register indicates the port address for the audio section (FM, sampling, control chip). Writing here immediately relocates the audio section to the specified address. The AUDIO RELOCATE value is the port address divided by eight. This forces the address to be on an 8-byte boundary.
The audio section uses 8 port addresses. It is the first of these 8 addresses which is used in this register. Note that the control chip address is considered to be part of the audio section, so that the address of the control chip changes as soon as this register is modified.
The following is the default configuration for the audio section:
Address
Section

388h, 389h
FM Bank 0

38Ah, 38Bh
FM Bank 1, Control Chip

38Ch, 38Dh
Sampling Channel 0

38Eh, 38Fh
Sampling Channel 1



Reg. 16: SCSI IRQ/DMA Select
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

DENS
DMA SEL S


SIEN
INT SEL S



Register #16h
SCSI interrupts are enabled when SIEN is set. The following values for INT SEL S select the corresponding interrupt line:
INT SEL S
IRQ

0
3

1
4

2
5

3
7

4
10

5
11

6
12

7
15


Only IRQ 3, 4, 5, and 7 are available on 8-bit bus models. All listed interrupts are available otherwise.
SCSI DMA is enabled when DENS is set. The following values for DMA SEL S select the corresponding DMA line:
DMA SEL S
DMA Line

0
0

1
1

2
2

3
3


Only DMA 1, 2 and 3 are available on 8-bit bus models. All listed DMA lines are available otherwise.

Reg. 17: SCSI Relocalization
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

X
SCSI RELOCATE







Register #17h
This register indicates the port address for the SCSI section. Writing here immediately relocates the SCSI section to the specified address. The SCSI RELOCATE value is the port address divided by eight. This forces the address to be on an 8-byte boundary. The SCSI section uses 8 port addresses. It is the first of these 8 addresses which is used in this register. The default configuration has the SCSI section at addresses 340h.
Reg. 18: Surround
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

SURROUND








Register #18h
The surround sound option of the card is accessed via this register. It will be documented at a later date.
set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum22set ChapterName "FM Synthesis"FM Synthesistc "SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber2:ChapterNameFM Synthesis" \l2SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber2ChapterNameFM Synthesis

This chapter explains the features of the new FM synthesis chip, the YMF262, on the Ad Lib GSS cards. This chip is similar to the YM3812, the chip on the original Ad Lib card, and contains a compatibility mode to emulate the YM3812. Because of this similarity, the first part of this section discusses the features of the YM3812. Those of you who are already familiar with this chip may wish to skip this section and proceed to Programming the YMF262, which discusses the differences between the two chips.
Programming the YM3812

(NOTE: This section is reproduced from the original Ad Lib Synthesizer Card Programmer`s Manual. It is necessary for understanding the functioning of the new FM chip, the YMF262. If you are already familiar with this material, you may wish to proceed to the following section which discusses the YMF262.)
This section provides information about the Ad Lib Music Synthesizer Card for advanced programmers who wish to program it directly. There is information on the components of the card, a technical description of the operators, the input / output map and a register reference section.
The Ad Lib Music Synthesizer Card
The card is equipped with a vibrato oscillator, an amplitude oscillator (tremolo), a noise generator which allows for the combination of a number of frequencies, two programmable timers, composite sine wave synthesis and 18 operators.
A white noise generator is used to create rhythm sounds. This white noise generator uses voices 7 and 8 (melodic voices), frequency information (Block, F-Number, Multi), and the proper phase output. Various rhythm sounds are produced by combining this output signal with white noise. The resulting signal is then sent to the operators. Experience has shown that the best ratio for the two frequencies is 3:1 (melodic voice 7 frequency = 3 times melodic voice 8 frequency). Finally, envelope information is multiplied with the wave table output. As the envelope is set for one operator which corresponds to a single rhythm instrument, the values which express that instrument's characteristics are set in the parameter registers in the same manner as for melody instruments.

Operators
The ALMSC uses pure sine waves that interact together to produce the full harmonic spectrum for any voice. Each digital sine wave oscillator is combined with its own envelope generator to form an "operator".
An operator has 2 inputs and 1 output. One input is the pitch oscillator frequency and the other is for the modulation data. The frequency and modulation data (phases) are added together and converted to a sine wave signal. The phase generator (PG) converts the frequency (w) into a phase by multiplying it by time (t). An envelope generator (EG) produces a time variant amplitude signal (ADSR). The EG's output is then multiplied by the sine wave and output to the outside world.
The operator output can be expressed as a mathematical expression:
F(t) = E(t) sin(wt + _)
E(t) is the output from the EG, w is the frequency, t is time and _ is the phase modulation.
The operators can be connected in three different ways: additive, frequency modulation and composite sine wave.
oFM synthesis
FM synthesis uses two operators in series. The first operator, the modulator, modulates the second operator via its modulation input. The name given to the second operator is the carrier. The modulator can feed back its output into its modulation data input;
Fm(t) = Em(t) sin(wmt + Fm(t))Modulator and feedback
Fc(t) = Ec(t) sin(wct + Fm(t))Carrier and Modulator
oAdditive synthesis
Additive synthesis connects two operators in parallel, adding both outputs together. This method of synthesis is not as interesting as FM synthesis, but it can generate good organ type sounds.
The simplified formula for the additive synthesis is:
F(t) = E1(t) sin(wt + _1) + E2(t) sin(wt + _2)
oComposite sine wave synthesis
Composite sine wave synthesis (CSW) may be used to generate speech or other related sounds by playing all voices simultaneously. When using this mode the card cannot generate any other sounds. This mode is not used because other methods have proved to provide better quality speech.
ALMSC Input / Output Map
The ALMSC is located at address 388H in the i/o space. The card decodes two addresses: 388H and 389H. The first address is used for selecting the register address and the second is used for writing data to the selected register. There also exists the possibility of using three other addresses: 218H, 288H and 318H. The port address is currently hard-wired, but address jumpers may be added in the future so you may want to take into account the possibility of using different addresses when programming. Here is a register map of the ALMSC:

Because of the nature of the card, you must wait 3.3 sec after a register select write and 23 sec for a data write. Only the status register located at address 388H can be read.
For many parameters, there is one register per operator. However, there are holes in the address map so that the operator number cannot be used as an offset into the map. The operator offsets are as follows:
For example, the KSL/TL registers are at 40H-55H. If we wish to access the register for operator 8, we must write to register 49H (NOT 48H).
Register Reference
Test Register/WSE
This register must be initialized to zero before taking any action. The wave select enable/disable bit (WSE) is D5. If set to 1, the value in the WS register will be used to select the wave form used to generate sound. If the WSE is set to 0, the value in the WS register will be ignored and the chip will use a sine wave. (The available waveforms are detailed later in this section).
Timers
The timers are not wired on the card. However, the following information is included since the timers can be used to detect the presence of our card in the computer.
Timer-1 is an upward 8 bit counter with a resolution of 80 sec. If an overflow occurs, the status register flag FT1 is set, and the preset value (address = 02) is loaded into Timer-1. Timer-2 (address = 03) is an upward 8 bit counter just like Timer-1 except that the resolution is 320 sec.

Toverflow(ms) = (256-N) * K
N is the preset value and K is the timer constant equal to 0.08 for Timer-1 and 0.32 for Timer-2. Register address 04 controls the operation of both timers. ST1 and ST2 (start/stop T1 or T2) bits start or stop the timers. When the corresponding bit is 1 the counter is loaded and counting starts, but when 0 the counter is held.
The Mask bits are used to gate the status register timer flags. If a mask bit is 1 then the corresponding timer flag bit is kept low (0) and is active when the mask bit is cleared (0). The most significant bit (MSb) is called IRQ-RESET. It resets timer flags and IRQ flag in the status register to zero. All other bits in the control register are ignored when the IRQ-RESET bit is 1.
Status Register
Reading at address 388H yields the following byte of information:
D0 - D4 are unused.
D5Timer 2 flag: Set to 1 when the preset time in Timer 2 has elapsed. The flag remains until reset.
D6Same as D5, except for Timer 1.
D7IRQ flag: set if D5 or D6 are 1.
As mentioned earlier, the timer interrupts are not connected, but the timers can be used to detect the presence of the board as follows:
1.Reset T1 and T2: write 60H to register 4.
2.Reset the IRQ: write 80H to register 4 (this step must NOT be combined with Step #1).
3.Read status register: read at 388H. Save the result.
4.Set timer-1 to FFH: write FFH to register 2.
5.Unmask and start timer-1: write 21H to register 4.
6.Wait (in a delay loop) for at least 80 sec.
7.Read the status register and save the result.
8.Reset T1, T2 and IRQ as in steps #1 and #2.
9.Test the results of the two reads: the first should be 0, the second should be C0H. If either is incorrect, then an ALMSC board is not present. (NOTE: You should AND the result bytes with E0H as the unused bits are undefined.)
CSM/Keyboard Split
This register (address = 08) will determine if the card is to function in music mode (CSM = 0) or speech synthesis mode (CSM = 1) as well as the keyboard split point.
When using composite sine wave speech synthesis mode all voices should be in the KEY-OFF state. The bit NOTE-SEL (D6) is used to control the split point of the keyboard. When 0, the keyboard split is the second bit from the MSb (bit 8) of the F-Number. The MSb of the F-number is used when NOTE-SEL = 1. This is illustrated in the following table:

AM/VIB/EG-TYP/KSR/Multiple
This group of registers (addresses 20H to 35H), one per operator, controls the frequency conversion factor and modulating wave frequencies corresponding to the frequency components of music.
The MULTI 4-bit field determines the multiplication factor applied to the input pitch frequency in the PG section. That is, an operator's frequency will automatically be multiplied according to the value in this field. The multiplication factors are given in the following table:
The operator output can then be expressed, with "_" as the multiplication factor, as follows:
F(t) = Ec(t) sin(_cwct + Em sin(_mwmt))
The KSR bit (position = D4) changes the rates for the envelope generator (EG). This parameter makes it possible to gradually shorten envelope length (increase EG rates) as higher notes on the keyboard are played. This is particularly useful for simulating the sound of stringed instruments such as piano and guitar, in which the envelope of the higher notes is noticeably shorter than the lower notes. The actual rate is then equal to the ADSR value plus an offset:
Actual rate = 4*Rate + KSR offset
The KSR offset is specified in the following table:

The EG-Type activates the sustaining part of the envelope when the EG-Type is set (1). Once set, an operator's frequency will be held at its sustain level until a KEY-OFF is done.
The VIB parameter toggles the frequency vibrato (1 = on, 0 = off). The frequency of the vibrato is 6.4 Hz and the depth is determined by the DEP VIB bit in register 0BDH.
The AM parameter is similar to the VIB parameter except that it is an amplitude vibrato (tremolo) of frequency 3.7Hz. The amplitude vibrato depth is determined by the DEP AM bit in register 0BDH.
KSL/Total Level
These registers (addresses 40H to 55H, 1 per operator) control the attenuation of the operator's output signal. The KSL parameter produces a gradual decrease in note output level towards higher pitch notes. Many acoustic instruments exhibit this gradual decrease in output level. The KSL is expressed on 2 bits (value 0 through 3). The corresponding attenuation is given below:
D7D6Attenuation
000
101.5dB/oct
013.0dB/oct
116.0dB/oct
The Total Level (TL) attenuates the operator's output. In FM synthesis mode, varying the output level of an operator functioning as a carrier results in a change in the volume of that operator's voice. Attenuating the output from a modulator will change the frequency spectrum produced by the carrier. In additive synthesis, varying the output level of any operator varies the volume of its corresponding voice. The TL value has a range of 0 through 63 (6 bits). To convert this value into an output level, apply the following formula:
Output level = (63 - TL) * 0.75dB
ADSR
These values change the shape of the envelope for the specified operator by changing the rates or the levels. The attack (AR) and the decay (DR) rates are at addresses 60H to 75H (1 per operator). The Sustain Level (SL) and Release Rate (RR) are located at addresses 80H to 95H. All of these values are 4 bits in length (range 0 to 15). Refer to the diagram on page 11 for more information.
The attack rate (AR) determines the rising time for the sound. The higher the value in this register, the faster the attack.
The decay rate (DR) determines the diminishing time for the sound. The higher the value in the DR register, the shorter the decay.
The sustain level (SL) is the point at which the sound ceases to decay and changes to a sound having a constant level. The sustain level is expressed as a fraction of the maximum level. When all bits are set, the maximum level is reached. Note that the EG-Type bit must be set for this to have an effect.
The release rate (RR) determines the rate at which the sound disappears after a Key-Off. The higher the value in the RR register, the shorter the release time.
BLOCK/F-Number
These parameters determine the pitch of the note played. The Block parameter determines the octave while the F-Number (10 bits) further specifies the frequency. The following formula is used to determine the value of F-Number and Block:
F-Num = Fmus * 2(20-b) / 49.716 kHz
In this formula, Fmus is the desired frequency (Hz) and "b" is the block value (0 to 7). Refer to Appendix C for a table of note frequencies.
The D5 bit in the register that contains the BLOCK information is called KEY-ON (KON) and determines if the specified voice (0 to 8) is enable (1) or disable (0). The lower bits of F-Number are at location A0H through A8H (1 per voice) and the 2 MSb are at positions D0 and D1 of addresses B0H to B8H.
Rhythm/AM Dep/VIB Dep
This register allows for control over AM and VIB depth, selection of rhythm mode and ON/OFF control for various rhythm instruments. Bit D5 (R) is used to change the mode from melodic (0) to percussive (1). When in percussive mode, bits D0 through D4 are the KEY-ON/KEY-OFF controls for the rhythm instruments listed below. The KEY-ON bit in registers B6H, B7H and B8H must always be 0 when in percussive mode.
D0Hi-Hat
D1Cymbal
D2Tom-Tom
D3Snare Drum
D4Bass Drum
The AM Depth is 4.8dB when D7 is 1 and 1dB when 0. The VIB Depth is 14 cents when D6 is 1, and 7 cents when zero. (A "cent" is 1/100th of a semi-tone.)
FeedBack/Connection
These two parameters influence the way the operators are connected together and the factor in the feedback loop of the modulator. These parameters are assigned 1 per voice at locations C0H through C8H. The Connection bit (C) determines if the voice will be functioning in Additive synthesis mode (C = 1) of in Frequency modulation mode (C = 0). The other parameter, Feedback (FB), gives the modulation factor, , for the feedback loop:
Wave Select
The WS parameter enables the card to generate other kinds of wave shapes. This is done by changing the sine function of the specified operator. (Note that the WSE bit must be set in order to use this feature.) The addresses of this feature are E0H to F5H. The following figure gives the corresponding wave forms:

Programming the YMF262


This section explains the differences between the Ad Lib GSS Sound Adapter and the original Ad Lib Music Synthesizer Card as regards FM synthesis. A previous knowledge of the original Ad Lib card is assumed. If you are unfamiliar with the original card, you should first read the following section: "Programming the Synthesizer", which is reproduced from the original Programmer's Manual .
You can see from the register map on the following page that the new FM section is quite similar to the original FM chip but with extra features added. Register Array 0 is accessed by writing to addresses x and x+1 (388H and 389H by default). Register Array 1 is accessed by writing to addresses x+2 and x+3 (38AH and 38BH by default). This scheme allows for complete compatibility with older software which recognizes only the original Ad Lib card.
All registers are cleared at reset. The TEST registers at 01 should be cleared or not accessed at all. Bits in the register map which are not designated should be left in their cleared state.
Register Array 0
Register Array 0 emulates the original chip and will be used as such by software written for the original card. However, there are several changes to be noted.
The Wave Select Enable bit (WSE, D5 at 01) no longer exists. Wave Select is now "on" permanently. Writing 1 to D5 at 01 has no effect so that compatiblity is thereby maintained.
The CSM bit (D7 at 08) found on the original chip is no longer present. Although this bit was documented on the original chip, it was non-functional. Compatibility is, therefore, not an issue.
The timers are now functional. How to program them is explained in the Timers section of Programming the Synthesizer.
Register Map, FM Array 0
REG
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

01
TEST








02
TIMER-1








03
TIMER-2








04
RST
maskT1 | T2




start/stopT2 | T1


05









08

SEL







20-35
AM
VIB
EG
KSR
MULTI




40-55
KSL

TL






60-75
AR



DR




80-95
SL



RR




A0-A8
F-NUMBER (L)








B0-B8


KON
BLOCK


F-NUM (H)


BD
DEP AM
DEP VIB
R
BD
SD
TOM
TC
HH

C0-C8


SRL
STR
FB


C

E0-F5





WS




Register Map, FM Array 1
REG
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

01
TEST








02









03









04


CONNECTION SELECT






05







NEW

08









20-35
AM
VIB
EG
KSR
MULTI




40-55
KSL

TL






60-75
AR



DR




80-95
SL



RR




A0-A8
F-NUMBER (L)








B0-B8


KON
BLOCK


F-NUM (H)


BD









C0-C8


SRL
STR
FB


C

E0-F5





WS




Each voice now has two bits which control stereo output: STL and STR (D5/D4 at C0-C8). Setting STL enables output to the left channel. Setting STR enables output to the right channel. Clearing both bits will result in no output for a given voice. However, for these bits to have effect, the NEW bit (explained in the next section) must be set. If NEW is not set (its default state), then the STL and STR bits are ignored and sound is output to both channels. This maintains compatibility with older software which ignores the existence of the stereo bits.
The stereo bits affect pairs of operators, which creates a particularity in percussive mode. The stereo bits in C7 simultaneously affect the Hi-Hat and Snare Drum; C8 affects the Tom-Tom and Cymbal similarly. The Bass Drum (C6) uses two operators and functions the same as a melodic voice.
The Wave Select has been expanded to 3 bits, thus allowing for a total of 8 different waveforms. The waveforms are shown below.
Register Array 1
Register Array 1 is similar to Register Array 0 with some omissions and additions. The timer registers are unused or are used for other purposes. Register Array 1 does not offer percussive voices, so the bits relating to percussive mode are not present.
The SEL, DEP AM and DEP VIB bits are globally affective and so are found only in the first register array. Setting any one of these three bits will affect both register arrays.
The NEW bit (D0 at 05) enables the new features of the new chip. If this bit is zero, then writes to any other register in Register Array 1 will be blocked. When NEW is zero, Register Array 0 functions as if it were the original chip: the stereo bits will be ignored and the high bit of the wave select will be ignored.
IMPORTANT: All software should enable the NEW bit during its initialization sequence. However, it should clear the NEW bit when exiting. This is so that if an older piece of software is subsequently run, the card will be in the mode which emulates the original card.
The CONNECTION SELECT bits control the 4-operator voice, as explained in detail in the next section.
4-Operator Voices
A significant new feature of the FM section of the Ad Lib GSS card is the presence of 4-operator voices, which are capable of creating a large variety of rich timbres. To enable a 4-operator voice, you must set the appropriate bit in the CONNECTION SELECT register. The following table shows which bit corresponds to which 4-operator voice and the pair of 2-operator voices which correspond to the 4-operator voice.
Connection Select (05H, Register Array 1):
D5D4D3D2D1D0
4-op voice654321
2-op voices3,62,51,43,62,51,4
Array 1Array 0
With 2-operator voices, the connection bit at C0-C8 specifies one of two possible methods for connecting the operators. With 4-operator voices, there are 4 methods of connecting the operators. This is done by using both connection bits of the pair of 2-operator voices involved. The following table shows the relationship between the 4-operator voice and its connection bits. The diagram on the next page illustrates the connection methods.
Connection bit (C) addresses for 4-operator voices:
4-op voice 123456
C addressesC0,C3C1,C4C2,C5C0,C3C1,C4C2,C5
Array 0Array 1
Note that even if all six 4-operator voices are used, there are still three 2-operator voices available on Register Array 1 and three 2-operator or five percussive voices available on Register Array 0. The CONNECTION SELECT register allows you to selectively use 4-operator voices so that you can mix 2 and 4-operator voices as you wish.
The following table is a combination of the preceding two tables. You may find it useful for reference purposes.
Connect SelD5D4D3D2D1D0
4-op voice654321
2-op voices3,62,51,43,62,51,4
C addressesC2,C5C1,C4C0,C3C2,C5C1,C4C0,C3
Array 1Array 0
Feedback in a 4-operator voice is applied to the first operator only, as indicated by the loop around Operator 1 in the diagram on the following page. The feedback value is determined by the value written in the register for the first register pair (Cx). The value in the second register pair (Cx+3) is ignored.
Similarly, the F-NUMBER, KON, and BLOCK parameters for a 4-operator voice are determined by the values written in the registers for the first register pairs (Ax and Bx). The values in the second register pairs (Ax+3 and Bx+3) are ignored.
Note that the state of the STL and STR bits for a 4-operator voice must be the same for both register pairs (Cx and Cx+3) or else the output of all four operators will be disabled. For example, if STL at C0 is 1 and STL at C3 is 0, then this 4-operator voice will not be output to the left channel.


set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum33set ChapterName "Digital Audio and MIDI"Digital Audio and MIDItc "SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber3:ChapterNameDigital Audio and MIDI" \l2SectionNumber4.ChapterNumber3ChapterNameDigital Audio and MIDI

The digital I/O functions are handled by the YMZ263 chip, also known as the MMA. The MMA handles the following functions:
- 2 channels of digital audio input and ouput
- MIDI input and output
- Three high-speed timers

The digital I/O functions are accessed via three addresses. The first address is located four bytes past the address of FM Array 0 (38CH by default).
Accessing a MMA register is done in two steps:
1) write the index of the register to be accesed to the register select port, located at 38CH

2) write or read the desired value for the selected register, either in the channel 0 port, located at 38DH or in the Channel 1 port located at 38FH

A 470 nanosecond delay is necessary betwen read/write at any address of the MMA
REG

D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

01
-
TEST








02
W
TIMER-0 (L)








03
W
TIMER-0 (H)








04
W
BASE COUNTER (L)








05
W
TIMER 1



BASE COUNTER (H)




06
R/W
TIMER 2 (L)








07
R/W
TIMER 2 (H)








08
W
SBY
T2M
T1M
T0M
STB
ST2
ST1
ST0

09
W
RST
R
L
FREQ

PCM
P/R
GO

0A
W
VOLUME CONTROL








0B
R/W
PCM DATA








0C
W
ILV
DATA FMT

FIFO INT


MSK
ENB

0D
W


MSK
POV
MSK
MOV
MDI
TRS
RST
MSK
TRQ
MDI
RCV
RST
MSK
RRQ

0E
R/W
MIDI DATA








Register Map, Channel 0


REG

D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

01
-









02
W









03
W









04
W









05
W









06
R/W









07
R/W









08
W









09
W
RST
R
L
FREQ

PCM
P/R
GO

0A
W
VOLUME CONTROL








0B
R/W
PCM DATA








0C
W

DATA FMT

FIFO INT


MSK
ENB

0D
W









0E
R/W









Register Map, Channel 1
Register Reference
Status Register
Reading the port at address 38CH returns the following information:
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

OV
T2
T1
T0
TRQ
RRQ
FIF1
FIF0

Status Byte
OV becomes 1 when a MIDI receive overrun error or a PCM/ADPCM record or playback overrun error occurs.
TO, T1 and T2 become 1 when the specified time elapses in the corresponding timer.
TRQ becomes 1 when the MIDI transmit FIFO buffer is empty.
RRQ becomes 1 when the MIDI receive FIFO buffer has data in it.
FIF0 and FIF1 become 1 when the PCM/ADPCM FIFO reaches the status that was specified in FIFO INT. FIF0 corresponds to channel 0; FIF1 to channel 1.

Register 00H: Test Register
Register #1, Channel 0 is used for testing the LSI. It should not be accessed.
Registers 02H - 07H: Timer Counters
Timer 0 (Registers #1 and 2, Channel 0) is a 16-bit programmable down counter with 1.88964 usec resolution. This constant will be referred to as clockFreq. the the following examples. The interrupt is triggerred when the counter value reaches 0. The time t0, in usec, until IRQ is generated may be calculated as follows:
t0 = TIMER0(H) * (256*baseFreq) + TIMER0(L) * baseFreq
The BASE COUNTER (Register #4 and 5, Channel 0) is a 12-bit counter that supplies the period for each tick of TIMER1 and TIMER2. The base counter has a resolution of 1.89 usec. The period bc, in usec, may be calculated as follows:
bc = BASE COUNTER(H) * (256*baseFreq) + BASE COUNTER(L) * baseFreq
Timer 1 (Register #5, Channel 0) is a 4-bit programmable down counter that is controlled by the base counter clock. . The 4-bit value is placed in the high nibble of the register. The interrupt is triggerred when the counter value reaches 0. The time t1, in usec, until IRQ is generated may be calculated as follows:
t1 = TIMER1 * bc
Timer 2 (Register #6 and 7, Channel 0) is a 16-bit programmable down counter that is controlled by the base counter clock. The interrupt is triggerred when the counter value reaches 0. The time t2, in usec, until IRQ is generated may be calculated as follows:
t2 = (TIMER2(H) * 256 + TIMER0(L) * bc
TIMER2 may be read to determine the count value. When TIMER2(L) is read the 16-bit count value is latched and the latched value of TIMER2(L) is output. Subsequently, when TIMER2(H) is read, the latched value of TIMER2(H) is output. (Latching a value means taking a "snapshot" of that value at a given moment.) TIMER2(L) must be read first as it is this read which triggers the latching mechanism.
Register 08H: Timer Control

D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

SBY
T2M
T1M
T0M
STB
ST2
ST1
ST0

Register #8: Channel 0

Stand-by Mode
Setting SBY to 1 reduces the internal clock frequency in order to minimize power consumption. This must be set to 0 when doing any I/O operations.
Timer Interrupt Masks
Setting T0M, T1M or T2M disables the interrupt generated by the corresponding timer. Hence, the bit must be cleared if you wish to use the interrupt timer.
Timer Controls
ST0, ST1, ST2 and STB (base counter) contol the start and stop of each timer. Setting a bit loads the reload value and starts counting down. Clearing the bit stops the timer.
Register 09H: Playback and Recording Control

D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

RST
R
L
FREQ

PCM
P/R
GO

Register #9: Channels 0 & 1

Reset PCM/ADPCM
RST bit is used to reset PCM and ADPCM playback for the channel. Resetting a channel clears the FIFO buffers and resets the FIFO flags. In order for reset to operate properly, all other bits should be 0. The sequence for a channel reset should then be: 1) write 80H to register 9 2) write the desired values to register 9.
Select Output Channel
Setting L or R enables output from the left or right channel respectively. Clearing the bit disables output.

Select Frequency
FREQ selects the PCM/ADPCM frequency as indicated below:
FREQ
Sampling Frequency (KHz.)



PCM Mode
ADPCM Mode

0
44.1
22.05

1
22.05
11.025

2
11.025
7.35

3
7.35
5.5125


PCM/ADPCM Selection
Setting PCM selects PCM mode (data is not compressed). Clearing PCM selects ADPCM mode (data is compressed to 4-bits).
Select Record/Playback
Clear P/R to record; set it to playback.
Start/Stop Record/Playback
In playback, the FIFO buffers should never be empty when the GO bit is set. To start playback, the proper procedure is: 1) write data into the FIFO buffer for the channel. The FIFO should be filled to a level exceeding the FIFO interrupt level (see register 0CH description) 2) Set the GO bit to start playback.
Register 0AH: Output Volume Control
VOLUME CONTROL (Register #0Ah, both channels) sets the output attenuation value. A value of 0 is the minimum output volume, a value of FF is the maximum ouput volume.

Register 0BH: PCM/ADPCM Data
Register #0Bh (both channels) is used for writing data into the FIFO buffer and reading data from the FIFO buffer. . Each channel has its own buffer. Data written into this register is transferred into the FIFO buffer, and data transferred from the FIFO buffer is written into this register. In PCM mode, 12-bit data is accessed in one or two passes. The data format for this access follows the specification of the FORMAT register. In ADPCM mode, each access inputs or outputs two 4-bit data. The high 4 bits and the low 4 bits are each ADPCM data. The high data is followed immediately by the low data.
Register 0CH: Sampling Format and Control
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0

ILV
DATA FORMAT

FIFO INT


MSK
ENB

Register #0Ch: Channels 0 & 1

Interleaving
Setting ILV (Channel 0 only) to 1 will cause the chip to do interleaving. Data will be alternately input/output from each channel. Channel 0 initiates the transfer. ENB must be 1 for both channels, otherwise the data transfer is not performed. Both channels operate in the same mode so that the P/R,FREQ and GO bits will be controlled by the values set for channel 0.
Set Data Format
There are 3 possible data formats for sampling input and output. The format is selected by writing 0, 1 or 2 to the DATA FORMAT register. "3" is an invalid format... This is ignored in ADPCM mode.
Format 0 is an 1-byte format which contains the 8 most significant bits of the sample.
Format 1 is a 2-byte format. The first byte contains the 8 least significant bits. The lower nibble of the second byte contains the 4 most significant bits of the sample. The MSB of the sample is repeated in all bits of the upper nibble.
Format 2 is a 2-byte format as well. The upper nibble of the first byte contains the 4 LSBs of the sample. The lower nibble is zero. The second byte contains the 8 MSB's.
FORMAT
PCM Data Byte 1
PCM Data Byte 2

0
MSB b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4
There is no 2nd byte

1
b7 b6 b5 b4 b3 b2 b1 b0
MSB MSB MSB MSB MSB b10 b9 b8

2
b3 b2 b1 b0 0 0 0 0
MSB b10 b9 b8 b7 b6 b5 b4

PCM Data Formats
Set FIFO Interrupt
The FIFO INT register is used to specify when an interrupt will be generated while the 128-byte FIFO buffer is being filled or emptied. The following table documents the possible interrupt points.
FIFO INT
Interrupt Generation Point (bytes)

0
112

1
96

2
80

3
64

4
48

5
32

6
16

7
Prohibited


FIFO Interrupt Mask
Setting MSK disables the FIFO interrupt.
DMA Mode Specification
Set ENB to enable the DMA mode. Clear ENB when not using DMA to transfer data.
Register 0DH: MIDI and Interrupt Control
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0



MSK
POV
MSK
MOV
MDI
TRS
RST
MSK
TRQ
MDI
RCV
RST
MSK
RRQ

Register #0Dh: Channel 0
Mask Digital Overrun Error
Set POV to disable interrupt signals generated by overrun errors during PCM/ADPCM recording and playback.
Mask MIDI Overrun Error
Set MOV to disable interrupt signals generated by overrun errors during MIDI reception or transmission.
Reset MIDI transmit circuit
Set MDI TRS RST to 1 to reset the MIDI transmit circuit and clear the MIDI transmit FIFO buffer. Zero MDI TRS RST to terminate the reset status.
Mask MIDI transmit FIFO interrupts
Set MSK TRQ to disable interrupt signales generated by the MIDI transmit FIFO. When interrupts are enabled, an interrupt is generated when the MIDI transmit FIFO buffer is emptied.
Reset MIDI Receive Circuit
Set MDI RCV RST to 1 to reset the MIDI receive circuit and clear the MIDI receive FIFO buffer. Zero MDI RCV RST to terminate the reset status.
Mask MIDI Receive FIFO Interrupts
Set MSK RRQ to disable interrupt signals generated by the MIDI receive FIFO buffer. When interrupts are enabled, an interrupt is generated on reception of a MIDI byte.

Register 0EH: MIDI Data
This register is used for writing data into the MIDI FIFO buffer an reaing data from the MIDI FIFO bufer. Data written in this register is ransferred to the transmit FIFO buffer and data transferred from the receive FIFO buffer can be read from this register.
MMA Programming Tips
o Reset a MMA channel after each sample (using the RST bit in register 9), after stopping the sample playback. This makes sure that the FIFO buffer for the channel is emptied.
o In playback mode, when processing a FIFO interrupt, a situation occurs where your application is filling in the FIFO while the playback mechanism is emptying the FIFO at the same time. In some cases this can cause "false triggers" of the FIFO interrupt. In order to avoid this, a simple trick is to temporarily lower the FIFO level, while your application fills in the FIFO, and restore the original level before leaving the interrupt procedure.
o A similar situation can occur in recording mode.
o To avoid the same situation during playback and recording using DMA transfers, you can double-check if the interrupt is valid by reading the DMA controller's counters or status register. they should indicate that data transfer is over.
o The MMA FIFO buffers should never be left to empty themselves during playback (tht is wen GO bit is set) This implies that the FIFO buffers should be filled to a level exceeding the FIFO interrupt level before the GO bit is set.
Special care should be taken during high-speed transfers (44.1K, 12 bit stereo samples, for example) on slower computers.
o All masks (mask T2, T1, T0, FIFO, POV, MOV, TRQ and RRQ) have no effect whatsoever on the status register. They are only used to disable the hardware interrupt.
o Respect the 470ns delay between writes to the MMA registers.
set SectionName IndexIndexset SectionNumber seq SectionNum00set ChapterNumber seq ChapterNum \r000set ChapterName " " tc "seq SectionNum\c4: SectionNameIndex"\l 1seq SectionNum\c4:SectionNameIndex

INDEX \h "-A-" \sSectionNum \d"."-A-
AllocateMMABaseCounter, 2.107
AllocateMMATimer0, 2.107
AllocateMMATimer1, 2.107
AllocateMMATimer2, 2.107
AllocateOPL3Timer1, 2.107
AllocateOPL3Timer2, 2.107
AssignMMATimer0IntService, 2.103
AssignMMATimer1IntService, 2.103
AssignMMATimer2IntService, 2.103
AssignOPL3Timer1IntService, 2.103
AssignOPL3Timer2IntService, 2.103
-C-
CtEnabDisabDMA0SampChan, 2.22
CtEnabDisabDMA1SampChan, 2.22
CtEnabDisabInternPcSpeak, 2.16
CtEnabDisabMicroOutput, 2.14
CtEnabDisabOutputMuting, 2.32
CtEnabDisabSCSIDMA, 2.37
CtEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt, 2.36
CtGetBoardIdentificationCode, 2.51
CtGetBoardOptions, 2.52
CtGetChannel0SampGain, 2.9
CtGetChannel1FilterMode, 2.11
CtGetChannel1SampGain, 2.9
CtGetChannelFilter0Mode, 2.11
CtGetControllerStatus, 2.53
CtGetDMA0ChannelSampChan, 2.21
CtGetDMA1ChannelSampChan, 2.21
CtGetEnabDisabDMA0SampChan, 2.23
CtGetEnabDisabDMA1SampChan, 2.23
CtGetEnabDisabInternPcSpeaker, 2.17
CtGetEnabDisabMicroOutput, 2.15
CtGetEnabDisabOutputMuting, 2.33
CtGetEnabDisabSCSIDMA, 2.39
CtGetEnabDisabSCSIInterrupt, 2.38
CtGetGoldCardPresence, 2.56
CtGetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine, 2.45
CtGetInterruptLineNbr, 2.19
CtGetInterruptRoutine, 2.55
CtGetMixerLevelForAuxLeft, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForAuxRight, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForFMLeft, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForFMRight, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForMicrophone, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb, 2.27
CtGetMixerLevelForTelephone, 2.27
CtGetOutputBassLevel, 2.31
CtGetOutputMode, 2.49
CtGetOutputSources, 2.47
CtGetOutputTrebleLevel, 2.31
CtGetOutputVolumeLeft, 2.29
CtGetOutputVolumeRight, 2.29
CtGetRelocationAddress, 2.25
CtGetRingTelephoneStatus, 2.54
CtGetSCSIDMAChannel, 2.41
CtGetSCSIInterruptNumber, 2.35
CtGetSCSIRelocationAddress, 2.43
CtGetStereoMonoAuxSamp, 2.13
CtRestoreConfigFromPermMem, 2.8
CtSelectDMA0ChannelSampCha, 2.20
CtSelectDMA1ChannelSampChan, 2.20
CtSelectInterruptLineNbr, 2.18
CtSelectOutputMode, 2.48
CtSelectOutputSources, 2.46
CtSelectSCSIDMAChannel, 2.40
CtSelectSCSIInterruptNumber, 2.34
CtSetChannel0SampGain, 2.9
CtSetChannel1FilterMode, 2.10
CtSetChannel1SampGain, 2.9
CtSetChannelFilter0Mode, 2.10
CtSetHangUpPickUpTelephoneLine, 2.44
CtSetMixerLevelForAuxLeft, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForAuxRight, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForFMLeft, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForFMRight, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForLeftSamplePb, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForMicrophone, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForRightSamplePb, 2.26
CtSetMixerLevelForTelephone, 2.26
CtSetOutputBassLevel, 2.30
CtSetOutputTrebleLevel, 2.30
CtSetOutputVolumeLeft, 2.28
CtSetOutputVolumeRight, 2.28
CtSetRelocationAddress, 2.24
CtSetSCSIRelocationAddress, 2.42
CtStereoMonoAuxSamp, 2.12
CtStoreConfiglnPermMem, 2.7
-D-
DisableMMATimer0, 2.101
DisableMMATimer1, 2.101
DisableMMATimer2, 2.101
DisableOPL3Timer1, 2.101
DisableOPL3Timer2, 2.101
-E-
EnableMMATimer0, 2.100
EnableMMATimer1, 2.100
EnableMMATimer2, 2.100
EnableOPL3Timer1, 2.100
EnableOPL3Timer2, 2.100
ExecMMATimer0IntService, 2.105
ExecMMATimer1IntService, 2.105
ExecMMATimer2IntService, 2.105
ExecOPL3Timer1IntService, 2.105
ExecOPL3Timer2IntService, 2.105
-F-
FreeMMABaseCounter, 2.108
FreeMMATimer0, 2.108
FreeMMATimer1, 2.108

FreeMMATimer2, 2.108
FreeOPL3Timer1, 2.108
FreeOPL3Timer2, 2.108
-G-
GetControlRegister, 2.50
GetMMATimer0Caps, 2.110
GetMMATimer1Caps, 2.110
GetMMATimer2Caps, 2.110
GetMMATimer2Content, 2.109
GetMMATimerIntStatus, 2.102
GetOPL3Timer1Caps, 2.110
GetOPL3Timer2Caps, 2.110
GetOPL3TimerIntStatus, 2.102
-I-
InitFMDriver, 2.60
InitTimerDriver, 2.111
InitWaveDriver, 2.73
-L-
LeftRightOPL3, 2.61
LevelOPL3, 2.62
LoadStartMMATimer0, 2.96
LoadStartMMATimer1, 2.96
LoadStartMMATimer2, 2.96
LoadStartOPL3Timer1, 2.96
LoadStartOPL3Timer2, 2.96
-N-
NoteOffOPL3, 2.63
NoteOnOPL3, 2.64
-P-
PitchbendOPL3, 2.65
PresetOPL3, 2.66
-Q-
QuitFMDriver, 2.67
QuitWaveDriver, 2.74
-R-
ResetOPL3LastTimerInt, 2.106
RestoreMMATimer0IntService, 2.104
RestoreMMATimer1IntService, 2.104
RestoreMMATimer2IntService, 2.104
RestoreOPL3Timer1IntService, 2.104
RestoreOPL3Timer2IntService, 2.104
-S-
Set4OpMaskOPL3, 2.68
SetControlRegister, 2.6
SetGlobalOPL3, 2.69
SetMMABaseCounterCounter, 2.98
SetMMABaseCounterPeriod, 2.99
SetMMATimer0Counter, 2.98
SetMMATimer0Period, 2.99
SetMMATimer1Counter, 2.98
SetMMATimer1Period, 2.99
SetMMATimer2Counter, 2.98
SetMMATimer2Period, 2.99
SetOPL3Timer1Counter, 2.98
SetOPL3Timer1Period, 2.99
SetOPL3Timer2Counter, 2.98
SetOPL3Timer2Period, 2.99
SetPercModeOPL3, 2.70
StopMMATimer0, 2.97
StopMMATimer1, 2.97
StopMMATimer2, 2.97
StopOPL3Timer1, 2.97
StopOPL3Timer2, 2.97
-T-
TimerDrvService, 2.112
-W-
WaveInAddBuffer, 2.75
WaveInClose, 2.76
WaveInGetNumDevs, 2.77
WaveInOpen, 2.78
WaveInReset, 2.80
WaveInStart, 2.81
WaveOutBreakLoop, 2.82
WaveOutClose, 2.83
WaveOutGetNumDevs, 2.84
WaveOutGetVolume, 2.85
WaveOutOpen, 2.86
WaveOutPause, 2.88
WaveOutReset, 2.89
WaveOutRestart, 2.90, 2.91
WaveOutSetLeftRight, 2.91
WaveOutSetVolume, 2.92
WaveOutWrite, 2.93

1-page2Ad Lib Gold Ad Lib Inc. 1991Confidentialdate \@ "ddd, MMM d, yyyy"Thu, Jul 8, 1993



SectionNumber4-page3Ad Lib Gold Ad Lib Inc. 1991Confidentialdate \@ "ddd, MMM d, yyyy"Thu, Jul 8, 1993

Page SectionNumber4-page24SYMBOL 227 \f "Symbol"Gold Sound Standard Councildate \@ "MMMM d, yyyy"July 8, 1993

date \@ "MMMM d, yyyy"July 8, 1993SYMBOL 227 \f "Symbol"Gold Sound Standard CouncilPage SectionNumber4-page25





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-
WaveInAddBuffer, 2.75
WaveInClose, 2.76
WaveInGetNumDevs, 2.
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 January 2, 2018  Add comments

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