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Contents of the DOG.DOC file



















Disk OrGanizer - Version 3.17
April 17, 1992

Soft GAM's Software
G. Allen Morris III
P. O. Box 1311
Mendocino, CA 95460

Copyright 1991
All Rights Reserved

Compuserve: #73210,3374
BBS: (707)778-8944, ALLEN MORRIS
Voice: (707)961-1632






_______
____|__ | (tm)
--| | |-------------------
| ____|__ | Association of
| | |_| Shareware
|__| o | Professionals
-----| | |---------------------
|___|___| MEMBER





Table of Contents




1. Getting started ........................................... 1
1.1. Introduction ............................................ 1
1.2. Shareware ............................................... 1
1.3. Purpose ................................................. 1
1.4. Installation ............................................ 1
1.5. Background programs ..................................... 2
1.6. Copy protected programs ................................. 3
1.7. Power failure ........................................... 3
1.8. Quick start ............................................. 3

2. Using Disk OrGanizer ...................................... 5
2.1. Modes ................................................... 5
2.2. Switches ................................................ 6
2.3. Command line syntax ..................................... 6
2.3.1. Command line commands ................................. 7
2.4. Orderfile syntax ........................................ 7
2.4.1. Setting the mode ...................................... 7
2.4.2. Setting switches ...................................... 8
2.4.3. Order file Commands ................................... 8
2.4.4. File identifiers ..................................... 10
2.4.5. Comments ............................................. 10

3. Licensing and support .................................... 11
3.1. Copyright/License/Warranty ............................. 11
3.2. Licensing .............................................. 11
3.3. Technical Support ...................................... 12
3.4. ASP Ombudsman Information .............................. 12

4. Error messages ........................................... 13

5. Glossary ................................................. 16

6. Index .................................................... 17















i

1. Getting started
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1.1. Introduction


1.1. Introduction

Hello, and thank you for taking the time to read this manual. I
hope that you find Disk OrGanizer useful.

1.2. Shareware

Disk OrGanizer is not a public domain program. There is no fee
for personal use of Disk OrGanizer.

You may register your copy of Disk OrGanizer for $30 and receive
a disk and manual along with notification of major upgrades.

A license is required for use of Disk OrGanizer by corporations
and institutions, and for its commercial distribution.

If you don't support shareware, who will?

1.3. Purpose

A disk that has been in use a while will usually become slower
accessing the data and programs that have been stored on it.
This is due to two problems:

o The disk has become fragmented.
o There are deleted entries in directories.

Disk OrGanizer will solve these problems and make your disk run
like new.

If the size of a directory decreases enough after removing the
deleted entries, Disk OrGanizer can also recover some disk
space.

Disk OrGanizer has been tested with MS-DOS 2.10, 3.01, 3.10,
3.30, 4.01 and 5.0 on logical drives as large as 600 megabytes.
It is believed that Disk OrGanizer will operate on any MS/PC-DOS
disk.

Disk OrGanizer performs extensive tests before it starts to move
data, to make sure that the File Allocation Table (FAT) and
directories are in good repair.

1.4. Installation

You should BACK UP your hard disk before you run Disk OrGanizer.

To install Disk OrGanizer, you need only copy it to a directory
on your PATH.

You can test Disk OrGanizer by typing the command:



Disk OrGanizer 1

1. Getting started
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1.4. Installation


DOG [d:] /TEST

d: is an optional drive specifier. (The []'s mean optional and
should not be typed.) If no drive is specified, the current
drive will be used.

If Disk OrGanizer reports errors and you have not run Disk
OrGanizer before, you should run CHKDSK with the /F switch and
repair the disk.

If you have not backed up your disk, Disk OrGanizer will warn
you as to how many files may need to be backed up.

PLEASE back up your disks before you run Disk OrGanizer.

Disk OrGanizer will also list any files that are open on on the
disk that you are organizing. Disk OrGanizer will not be able to
move these files nor pack the directories that they are in.

If you have used other disk defragment programs before, and have
had no problem, it should be safe to run Disk OrGanizer.

Disk OrGanizer will move HIDDEN files, most other disk defrag-
menters don't move these files.

If you have not run any disk defragment programs before, you
should read the rest of this chapter.

1.5. Background programs

Disk OrGanizer reads and writes to the disk directly. If a pro-
gram tries to write to the disk while Disk OrGanizer is
operating, data may be lost. You should not run Disk OrGanizer
on a disk that you know will be written to. Programs that are
likely to write to the disk are printer spoolers, multitasking
programs like Windows or DesqView, switching programs and net-
work programs.

If you have FASTOPEN installed on your computer, you will need
to reboot your computer after you run Disk OrGanizer.

Some background programs leave files open all of the time. Disk
OrGanizer will not move files that are open, and it will not
pack a directory that has open files in it.

If you do not know if you have these programs on your computer,
I would suggest that you run Disk OrGanizer from a floppy disk
as described in the Quick Start section.






Disk OrGanizer 2

1. Getting started
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1.6. Copy protected programs


1.6. Copy protected programs

Disk OrGanizer may make some copy protected software unusable.

It is recommended that you remove any copy protected software
from your disk before you run Disk OrGanizer, if you can't
determine its compatibility with Disk OrGanizer.

1.7. Power failure

Disk OrGanizer can recover from a power failure or reboot.

If a power failure or inadvertent reboot occurs while Disk
OrGanizer is running, you should run Disk OrGanizer again as
soon as possible. Disk OrGanizer will report any errors that it
finds on the disk and ask you if you would like to repair them.
If you answer yes to all of the questions, Disk OrGanizer will
repair the disk and then continue operation as normal.

You should not use any third party CHKDSK type programs that
recover lost clusters. If you use CHKDSK, you should NOT make
the lost cluster chains into files.

1.8. Quick start

If you would like to defragment your disk and get back to work
without having to read the rest of this manual, the simplest and
safest way to run Disk OrGanizer is described here.

The first thing to do is to find an old or unused floppy disk.
Then format this disk with a copy of the system.

FORMAT A: /sys

Copy DOG.EXE to the floppy disk.

COPY DOG.EXE A:

You may need to create or copy CONFIG.SYS on the new disk if you
have disk drivers or an EMS memory driver that needs to be
installed.

Reboot your computer (Ctrl-Alt-Delete) with the new disk in-
stalled in the A: drive.

DOS will ask you for the date and time. This is because there is
no AUTOEXEC.BAT file. Enter the correct date and time.

Run Disk OrGanizer on your hard disk.

DOG C: /AUTO /CRC /TRUNCATE



Disk OrGanizer 3

1. Getting started
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1.8. Quick start



Disk OrGanizer will test the disk (like CHKDSK), give you a
report, analyze the disk to determine the best place to have the
directories and files on the disk. Tell you how many directories
need to have deleted files removed (packed), tell you how many
directories can be made shorter (truncated), and tell you the
number of clusters that it will have to move to defragment the
files and directories on the disk.

You will then be asked if it is OK to write to the disk. If you
answer no to this question, Disk OrGanizer will quit without
ever having written to the disk. If you answer yes, Disk
OrGanizer will pack the directories, truncate the directories,
and then start moving clusters.

While Disk OrGanizer is moving clusters, you will see the fol-
lowing message:

X nnnnn - elapsed time 0:00:00 estimated 0:00:00

X is either R)eading, S)orting, C)omputing CRC, W)riting,
T)esting CRC, L)inking new clusters or U)pdating FAT and
directories. nnnnn is the number of clusters that have been
moved. Elapsed time is the amount of time Disk OrGanizer has
been moving clusters, and estimated is the approximate amount of
time it will take to organize the disk.

You can quit from Disk OrGanizer at anytime by pressing the es-
cape (Esc) key or a ^C. Stopping Disk OrGanizer while it is
moving clusters may cause extreme fragmentation. Rerun Disk
OrGanizer as soon as possible, if you abort while it is moving
clusters.

If you think that Disk OrGanizer has stopped running, press the
space bar. You should then hear a beep within a few seconds.

When it is done it will check the disk once again, give you a
new report and then exit.

You should then remove the floppy disk from the A: drive, and
reboot your computer.

You should notice that the programs on your disk load a little
faster. If Disk OrGanizer truncated some directories you will
also have more free disk space.









Disk OrGanizer 4

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------


The purpose of Disk OrGanizer is to speed up the access of files
on your disks. There are two things that slow down access of
data: deleted files in directories, and fragmented files. The
actual placement of files on a disk has very little to do with
the amount of time it takes to load a file. Most disk defrag-
ment programs take a long time to run, and this keeps people
from running them often.

Disk OrGanizer has complex algorithms that allow it to defrag-
ment all of the files on a disk while moving very few clusters.
Although Disk OrGanizer can control the placement of files and
directories on the disk, I would suggest that you refrain from
using this feature, as it can greatly increase the number of
clusters that Disk OrGanizer will need to move and give you very
little benefit. The exception to this are directories that are
read often, such as the directories on the PATH, which you may
want to move near the File Allocation Table (see the AUTO
command.)

2.1. Modes

The mode determines how Disk OrGanizer will organize a disk.

FILL - mode will defragment files and put them as close to the
FAT as possible, FILL will not leave any free space between
files. FILL may leave files fragmented around BAD disk
sectors and unmovable files. This mode gives you all of the
benefits of that you get from other disk defragmenter, but
only takes a fraction of the time to run.

FAST - mode will defragment all files and attempt to put them in
one area of disk space. FAST may leave gaps of free space
between files.

QUICK - mode is like FAST mode but does not try as hard.

DEFRAG - mode will defragment the files on the drive without
concern for their placement.

The following modes will more than likely cause all of the files
and sub-directories on a disk to be moved.

DATE - mode will put the files on the disk oldest files first
(closest to the FAT). Using this mode once in a while, it
can take a long time to run, may decrease the number of
clusters that Disk OrGanizer will need to move with the
FAST or FILL mode.

DIRECTORY - mode will put the files on the disk in the order in
finds them in the directories. That is, the first file or
sub-directory in the root directory will be closest to the
FAT (also refered to as LOW), followed by the second file



Disk OrGanizer 5

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1. Modes


in the root, etc.

The following modes are for compatibility to older versions.
They are of little use.

FRAGMENTED - This will put all of the files that are not frag-
mented on the disk first, and will then put the fragmented
files on the disk. Using this function will slowly put all
of the files that change size away from the FAT. This mode
does not work well if you have BAD clusters or system files
other than DOS on the disk.

PACKED - This leaves the files in the same order as it finds
them on the disk, by cluster.

2.2. Switches

CRC - will cause Disk OrGanizer to read data after it is written
to the disk, and test to make sure that it was written
correctly.

BATCH - tells Disk OrGanizer to suppress all prompts. This is
useful for running Disk OrGanizer from a batch file. If
this switch is set, any error will cause Disk OrGanizer to
terminate.

NOVERIFY - tells DOS not to verify data written to the disk.
(see VERIFY in your DOS manual) This will increase the
speed of Disk OrGanizer, but will allow data to be lost.
This switch should not be used on a floppy disk, but may be
used on a hard disk at your own risk. This is for people to
whom speed is more important than data integrity. If you
have set the CRC switch, then Disk Organizer will verify
the data, and you can include this switch to improve
performance.

2.3. Command line syntax

The Command line syntax to run Disk OrGanizer from the DOS
prompt is:

DOG [d:] [orderfile] [/commands] [/mode] [/switches]

(The []'s mean optional and should not be typed.)

d: is an optional drive specifier. If no drive is specified the
current drive will be organized.

Orderfile is the path and filename of the order file. If this is
not included, Disk OrGanizer will look for a file called
ORDER.DOG in the root directory of the drive being organized,
and if it does not find that, it will look in the environment


Disk OrGanizer 6

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
2.3. Command line syntax



for DOG=d:\path\filename and use that file. If no orderfile is
found, the DOS NUL device is used. If you have an orderfile and
don't wish to use it, you can tell Disk OrGanizer to use the NUL
file as an orderfile (ie. DOG NUL /AUTO).

Commands consist of AUTO and TRUNCATE.

Mode tells Disk OrGanizer where to place the files on the drive.
You must supply a mode to suppress the shareware sign-on
message. The mode can be set on the command line or in an
orderfile.

Switches allow you to control several options as to how Disk
OrGanizer will test the data that is moved, and interact with
the operator. Switches can be set on the command line or in an
orderfile.

2.3.1. Command line commands

TRUNCATE - tells Disk OrGanizer to truncate all sub-directories.

AUTO - tells Disk OrGanizer to put the directories defined in
the PATH environment variable first, followed by the file
definded by the COMSPEC environment variable, and then all
of the other directories. If no other mode has been
specified, it will then order the rest of the files as if
the /FILL mode was set.

2.4. Orderfile syntax

The orderfile can be used as a simple configuration file, or can
be used to tell DOG the exact order that you would like to have
your files on a disk.

Modes and switches that are given on the command line will
override those in the orderfile.

You may find it more convenient to run Disk OrGanizer from a
batch file than to use the orderfile feature. Again I would
like to point out that the placement of files has little effect
on the speed at which they can be read.

If you use the AUTO command line command, you may not end up
with what you expected. (See listing 2.1)

2.4.1. Setting the mode

To give a mode in the order file, enclose it in square brackets
([]). A mode must be given on the command line or in the order
file for Disk OrGanizer to run. For a description of the modes
see above. A mode given on the command line will override the
mode in the ORDER file.


Disk OrGanizer 7

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
2.4.2. Setting switches


________________________________________________________________
Listing 2-1: A very simple ORDER.DOG file

; The []s must be included.
[FILL] ; set the mode
; Truncate all of the directories
[TRUNCATE ALL] ; Directories that have already been
; specified, will not be truncated.

; The AUTO command line command appends
[PATH] ; these three orderfile commands
[COMSPEC] ; to the end of the orderfile.
[ALLDIR] ;
;

________________________________________________________________

2.4.2. Setting switches

Switches can be specified in the orderfile by enclosing them in
square brackets ([]). (See the section on switches above.)

2.4.3. Order file Commands

The area of the disk close to the FAT is called the LOW area and
the area away from the FAT is called the HIGH area. Any file
that is not named anywhere in the ORDER.DOG file is said to
FLOAT.

In making this file you should name as few files as possible.

The following three commands are a shorthand for file and
directory names.

PATH - is the same as listing all of the directories in the PATH
environment variable that are on the drive being organized.

COMSPEC - The filename given in the COMSPEC environment variable
is used if it points to the drive being organized.

ALLDIRECTORIES - Is the same as listing all of the directories
on the drive.

The following commands tell where to place named files.

LOW - tells Disk OrGanizer to place the files described by fol-
lowing filenames close to the FAT. This also affects the
FREE command. (see below)

HIGH - tells Disk OrGanizer to place files described by follow-
ing filenames away from the FAT. This also affects the




Disk OrGanizer 8

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
2.4.3. Order file Commands


________________________________________________________________
Listing 2-2: Sample ORDER.DOG file

;
[DEFRAGMENT] ; if no mode is given on the command
; line use DEFRAGMENT
[FORCE] ;
\COPYPRO.SYS ; I don't want this file to move
[FLOAT]
[TRUNCATE] ;
\DIR_A\ ; Truncate sub-directory DIR_A, but let
; it FLOAT.
;
[LOW] ; Set move files LOW.
\DOS\ ; Truncate sub-directory DOS, and put it
; next to the FAT.
[ENDTRUNCATE]
\COMMAND.COM ; COMMAND.COM will be placed after \\DOS.
[FREE 500] ; leave some room
;
[HIGH] ; set move files HIGH.
\AUTOEXEC.BAT ; As this file is used only once, on
; reboot, we can move it away from the
; FAT.
\CONFIG.SYS ; another seldom used file.
\ORDER.DOG ; This file will be place just in front
; of CONFIG.SYS

________________________________________________________________

FREE command.

FORCE - tells Disk OrGanizer not to move the files that follow.
If you are going to FORCE file you should do it before you
place files LOW or HIGH.

FLOAT - tells Disk OrGanizer to ignore the files that follow.
This is used if you wish to TRUNCATE a sub-directory but
don't want to put it LOW, HIGH or FORCE. NOTE: in future
releases this may be used this to allow SYSTEM files to be
moved.

These commands control whether named directories will be
truncated.

TRUNCATE ALL - will truncate all directories on the disk.

TRUNCATE - sub-directories named between TRUNCATE and
ENDTRUNCATE will have there size changed so that they will
use as little space as possible.




Disk OrGanizer 9

2. Using Disk OrGanizer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
2.4.3. Order file Commands


ENDTRUNCATE - see TRUNCATE above.

System directories and directories that have already been placed
LOW, HIGH, or FORCED, will not be truncated.

The following command will force clusters to be left free.

FREE nnnn - tells Disk OrGanizer to leave nnnn (a number)
clusters of free space after the last file named in the
order file, if files are being placed LOW, or before the
file if files are being placed HIGH. Disk OrGanizer ignores
this command if there isn't enough free disk space. The
nnnn may be replaced with an asterisk (*) if you want all
available free clusters in a location.

2.4.4. File identifiers

A file identifier is a string that starts with a backslash (\),
has zero or more sub-directory names separated by backslashes
(the Path), and ends with a filename or sub-directory name. A
file identifier ending with a sub-directory name can be followed
by an optional backslash.

It is important to understand that a sub-directory is a file
with a special format and that Disk OrGanizer treats sub-
directories just like files in the orderfile except that sub-
directories can be TRUNCATED.

You must always include the full path of a file or sub-
directory.

Wildcards may be used in filenames. But please note that in-
cluding a large number of files in the ORDER file can greatly
increase the amount of time it take Disk OrGanizer to organize a
disk.

2.4.5. Comments

A comment starts with a semicolon and ends with a carriage
return.














Disk OrGanizer 10

3. Licensing and support
----------------------------------------------------------------------
3.1. Copyright/License/Warranty


3.1. Copyright/License/Warranty

This document and the program files DOG.EXE ("the software") are
copyrighted by the author. The copyright owner hereby licenses
you to use the software given these restrictions:

o the program shall be supplied in its original, unmodified
form, which includes this documentation;

o for-profit use without a license is prohibited;

o the program may not be included - or bundled - with other
goods or services. Exceptions may be granted upon written
request only.

o no fee is charged; an exception is granted to not for profit
user's groups, which are permitted to charge a small fee
(not to exceed $5) for materials, handling, postage, and
general overhead. No other organization is permitted to
charge any amount for distribution of copies of the software
or documentation, or to include copies of the software or
documentation with sales of their own products.

There is no warranty of any kind. The copyright owner may not
be held liable for any damages, including any lost profits or
other incidental or consequential damages arising out of or in-
ability to use the software. By using the software, you agree
to this.

3.2. Licensing

No license is required to run Disk OrGanizer on a computer that
is not used for business.

The fee for a license depends on the estimated number of copies
of the program that you will use. For local area networks, one
copy must be licensed for each computer that will be using the
program on the network.

A license is not transferable.

Quantity Price Update
======== ==.== ==.==
1 30.00 6.00 each

2 to 9 25.00 5.00
10 to 49 20.00 4.00
50 to 99 15.00 3.00
100 to 199 10.00 2.00

Unlimited at one site $2000.00 400.00
Additional sites 1000.00 200.00 unlimited at each site


Disk OrGanizer 11

3. Licensing and support
----------------------------------------------------------------------
3.2. Licensing



The price to update to a new version applies only to the quan-
tity previously registered.

Regardless of the quantity purchased you will receive only one
disk and one printed manual. Additional manuals are available
for $6.00 each. You may make as many copies as are licensed and
one archive copy.

Orders of $50 or less must be prepaid. Orders over $50 - NET 30.

Soft GAM's Software SSN# 559-29-3621
P. O. Box 1311 (707)961-1632
Mendocino, CA 95460


3.3. Technical Support

Technical support is available to registered and licensed
users. Limited support is also available to help you to
get Disk OrGanizer to operate on a computer, so that you can
evaluate it.

CompuServe: PPN# 73210,3374

the Bit Boutique BBS 707-778-8944, 2400 baud
Leave E-Mail to ALLEN MORRIS

Mail : Soft GAM's Software, Box 1311, Mendocino, CA 95460

Phone: (707)961-1632 (10 to 6 Pacific Time)

3.4. ASP Ombudsman Information

Disk OrGanizer is produced by a member of the Association of
Shareware Professionals (ASP). ASP wants to make sure that the
shareware principle works for you. If you are unable to resolve
a shareware-related problem with an ASP member by contacting the
member directly, ASP may be able to help. The ASP ombudsman can
help you resolve a dispute or problem with an ASP member, but
does not provide technical support for members' products.
Please write to the ASP Ombudsman at:

ASP Ombudsman
545 Grover Road
Muskegon, MI 49442

or send a CompuServe message via Easyplex electronic mail to the
ASP Ombudsman, CompuServe ID number 70475,1071.





Disk OrGanizer 12

4. Error messages
----------------------------------------------------------------------


The number in parentheses is the ERRORLEVEL returned by Disk
OrGanizer. If the error code is 100 or above, data may have been
lost on the disk.

No Errors (0)
You are a happy camper.

Terminated by user. (1)
The disk may still need to be organized.

Illegal I/O redirection. (2)
Do not redirect output to the drive being organized.

Order file is a device. (3)
The order file can't be read from a device, use a file.

File not found. (4)
Check the filename you entered.

Could not read/understand disk information. (5)
Please write or call and we can try to solve this problem.

Error in order file. (6)
Fix or remove bad commands or filenames from the order
file.

Error on the command line. (7)
Check the syntax on the command line.

Network drive. (8)
Reboot your computer without the network or don't publish
the drive you want to organize.

Invalid drive. (9)
Specify a valid drive.

Could not find directory for open file. (10)
Remove background programs or reboot the computer and try
again.

Out of memory. (11)
Remove TSR programs, increase EMS memory or set the en-
vironment variable TEMP or DOGTEMP to a path that can be
used for temporary storage.

Error reading FAT. (I/O) (12)
Back up and reformat the disk or mark bad clusters bad.

Possible NON DOS disk. (13)
The disk is an unknown type or the second FAT is bad. Run
chkdsk. If you are still unable to run Disk OrGanizer,




Disk OrGanizer 13

4. Error messages
----------------------------------------------------------------------


Please call or write.

Bad cluster in FAT. (14)
Run chkdsk. If you are still unable to run Disk OrGanizer,
Please call or write.

Error reading Directory (I/O) (15)
Back up and reformat the disk or mark bad clusters bad.

Directory is corrupt. (16)
Run CHKDSK to repair the disk.

Lost clusters found. (17)
Run CHKDSK to repair the disk or run Disk OrGanizer without
the BATCH or TEST switches set.

You must have at least one free cluster. (18)
You should delete at least one file.

Too many total files. (19)
Delete files from the disk until there are less that 32,752
files.

Free clusters in FAT doesn't match DOS (21)
Remove any background programs that write to the disk.

Could not CHDIR to root. (22)
I do not know what could cause this error.

Too many fragmented files, use DIR mode. (23)
Use DIRECTORY, or DATE mode. Once the number of fragmented
files is reduced you use the mode that generated this
error.

No mode was given. (24)
You must supply a mode on the command line or in the order
file.

Incorrect DOS version. (42)
Reboot with DOS version 2 or greater.

STDIN or STDERR redirected. (43)
Do not redirect the input or error output.

Too many arguments. (44)
Remove some commands from the command line.

Critical errors. (45)
Fix the problem that caused the critical error.






Disk OrGanizer 14

4. Error messages
----------------------------------------------------------------------


INTERNAL ERROR @'code'. (90)
Please call and tell me the code that you received.

I/O error moving clusters. Disk is OK. (99)
An I/O error was detected. You should run a disk test
program on the disk or back up the disk, reformat it and
restore the data. No data was lost and the disk is in good
repair.

I/O error moving clusters. Data may have been lost. (100)
An I/O error was detected. You should run a disk test pro-
gram on the disk or back up the disk, reformat it and re-
store the data. There may be errors on the disk.

I/O error Packing (101)
There was an error Packing a directory. You should run a
disk test program on the disk or back up the disk, reformat
it and restore the data. There may be errors on the disk.

Critical errors. (102)
Fix the problem that caused the critical error. There may
be errors on the disk.

INTERNAL ERROR @'code'. (200)
Please call and tell me the code that you got. There may be
errors on the disk.





























Disk OrGanizer 15

5. Glossary
----------------------------------------------------------------------



CHKDSK - A program that came with DOS. Its full name is
CHKDSK.COM. See your DOS manual for more information.

Cluster - DOS stores data in cluster units. Clusters are made of
one or more sectors.

FAT - The File Allocation Table.

File Allocation Table - This along with the directories tell DOS
where to find a file on the disk.

Hidden file - A file with the hidden attribute bit set. Disk
OrGanizer will move these files.

Hidden directory - A directory with the hidden attribute bit
set. Disk OrGanizer will move these directories.

Lost clusters - Clusters that are mark in the FAT as being used,
but have no directory entry that points to them.

Null file - A file with no data in it.

Sector - The smallest unit that data can be stored on a disk.

System file - A file with the system attribute bit set. Disk
OrGanizer will not move these files.

System directory - A directory with the system attribute bit
set. Disk OrGanizer will not move these directories.

User file - A file that does not have the system or hidden at-
tribute bits set. Disk OrGanizer will move these files.

User directory - A directory that does not have the system or
hidden attribute bits set. Disk OrGanizer will move these
directories.

Volume label - A special file that tells DOS the name of a disk.
















Disk OrGanizer 16

6. Index
----------------------------------------------------------------------


Aborting from DOG 4 Order file Commands (Cont.)
ALLDIRECTORIES 8 ENDTRUNCATE 9
AUTO 7 FLOAT 9
BATCH 6 FORCE 9
CHKDSK 3, 16 FREE nnnn 10
Cluster 16 HIGH 8
Command line commands LOW 8
AUTO 7 PATH 8
TRUNCATE 7 TRUNCATE ALL 9
COMSPEC 7, 8 TRUNCATE 9
Copy protected programs 3 orderfile 6
Copyright 11 PACKED 6
CRC 6 PATH 7, 8
current drive 6 QUICK 5
DATE 5 Sector 16
DEFRAG 5 Switches
DIRECTORY 5 BATCH 6
drive specifier 6 CRC 6
ENDTRUNCATE 9 NOVERIFY 6
environment System directory 16
COMSPEC 7 System file 16
PATH 7 Technical Support 12
FAST 5 TRUNCATE ALL 9
FASTOPEN 2 TRUNCATE 7, 9
FAT 16 User directory 16
File Allocation Table 16 User file 16
FILL 5 Volume label 16
FLOAT 9
FORCE 9
FRAGMENTED 6
FREE nnnn 10
Hidden directory 16
Hidden file 16
HIGH 8
License 1, 11
Lost clusters 16
LOW 8
Modes
DATE 5
DEFRAG 5
DIRECTORY 5
FAST 5
FILL 5
FRAGMENTED 6
PACKED 6
QUICK 5
NOVERIFY 6
NUL device 7
Null file 16
Open files 2
Order file Commands
ALLDIRECTORIES 8
COMSPEC 8


Disk OrGanizer 17



 December 13, 2017  Add comments

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