Category : UNIX Files
Archive   : RZSZ.ZIP
Filename : RZ.1

Output of file : RZ.1 contained in archive : RZSZ.ZIP
'\" Revision Level
'\" Last Delta 03-25-89
rx, rb, rz \- XMODEM, YMODEM, ZMODEM (Batch) file receive
.B rz
.RB [\- "\ +abepqtuvy" ]
.B rb
.RB [\- "\ +abqtuvy" ]
.B rx
.RB [\- "\ abceqtuv" ]
.I file
.B gz
.I "file ..."
.RB [ \- ][ v ] rzCOMMAND
This program uses error correcting protocols to receive
files over a dial-in serial port from a variety of programs running under
.SM Unix,
and other operating systems.
It is invoked from a shell prompt
manually, or automatically as a result of an
"sz file ..." command given to the calling program.

.I Rz
is not intended be called from
.I cu(1),
or other communications programs.
Unix flavors of Omen Technology's
Professional-YAM communications software
are available for dial-out applications.

.B Rz
(Receive ZMODEM)
receives files with the ZMODEM batch protocol.
Pathnames are supplied by the sending program,
and directories are made if necessary (and possible).
Normally, the
"rz" command is automatically issued by the calling ZMODEM program,
but some defective ZMODEM implementations may require starting
.I rz
the old fashioned way.
.I Rz
does not support ZMODEM Crash Recovery
and certain other ZMODEM features.
Unix flavors of Professional-YAM may be linked to "rz"
and used in place of this program
to support these ZMODEM features.

.B Rb
receives file(s) with YMODEM,
accepting either standard 128 byte sectors or
1024 byte sectors
(YAM sb
.B -k
The user should determine when
the 1024 byte block length
actually improves throughput without causing lost data
or even system crashes.

If True YMODEM (Omen Technology trademark) file information (file length, etc.)
is received,
the file length controls the number of bytes written to
the output dataset,
and the modify time and file mode
(iff non zero)
are set accordingly.

If no True YMODEM file information is received,
slashes in the pathname are changed to underscore,
and any trailing period in the pathname is eliminated.
This conversion is useful for files received from CP/M systems.
With YMODEM, each file name is converted to lower case
unless it contains one or more lower case letters.

.B Rx
receives a single
.I file
with XMODEM or XMODEM-1k protocol.
The user should determine when
the 1024 byte block length
actually improves throughput without causing problems.
The user must supply the file name to both sending and receiving programs.
Up to 1023 garbage characters may be added to the received file.

.B Gz
is a shell script which calls
.I sz
to command Pro-YAM or ZCOMM to transmit the specified files.
Pathnames used with
.I gz
must be escaped if they have special significance to the Unix shell.
gz "-a C:*.c D:*.h"

.B Rz
may be invoked as
(with an optional leading \- as generated by login(1)).
For each received file,
.I rz
will pipe the file to ``COMMAND filename''
where filename is the name of the transmitted file
with the file contents as standard input.

Each file transfer is acknowledged when COMMAND exits with 0 status.
A non zero exit status terminates transfers.

A typical use for this form is
.I rzrmail
which calls rmail(1)
to post mail to the user specified by the transmitted file name.
For example, sending the file "caf" from a PC-DOS system to
.I rzrmail
on a
.SM Unix
would result in the contents of the DOS file "caf" being mailed to user "caf".

On some
.SM Unix
systems, the login directory must contain a link to
COMMAND as login sets SHELL=rsh which disallows absolute
If invoked with a leading ``v'',
.I rz
will report progress to /tmp/rzlog.
The following entry works for
.SM Unix
If the SHELL environment variable includes
.I "rsh"
.I "rksh"
(restricted shell),
.I rz
will not accept absolute pathnames
or references to a parent directory,
will not modify an existing file, and
removes any files received in error.

.B rz
is invoked with stdout and stderr to different datasets,
Verbose is set to 2, causing frame by frame progress reports
to stderr.
This may be disabled with the
.B q

The meanings of the available options are:
.PD 0
.B a
Convert files to
.SM Unix
conventions by stripping carriage returns and all characters
beginning with the first Control Z (CP/M end of file).
.B b
(tell it like it is)
file transfer override.
.B c
Request 16 bit CRC.
XMODEM file transfers default to 8 bit checksum.
YMODEM and ZMODEM normally use 16 bit CRC.
.B D
Output file data to /dev/null; for testing.
(Unix only)
.B e
Force sender to escape all control characters;
normally XON, XOFF, DLE, CR-@-CR, and Ctrl-X are escaped.
.B p
(ZMODEM) Protect: skip file if destination file exists.
.B q
Quiet suppresses verbosity.
.B "t tim"
Change timeout to
.I tim
tenths of seconds.
.B v
causes a list of file
names to be appended to
/tmp/rzlog .
More v's generate more output.
.B y
Yes, clobber any existing files with the same name.
.ne 6
(Pro-YAM command)
Pro-YAM Command:
.I "sz *.h *.c"
(This automatically invokes
.I rz
on the connected system.)

Compile time options required
for various operating systems are described in the
source file.
ZMODEM's support of XOFF/XON flow control allows proper
operation in many environments that do not support XMODEM uploads.
Unfortunately, not all timesharing systems support input flow control.
The TTY input buffering on some systems may not adequately buffer long blocks
or streaming input at high speed.
You should suspect this problem when you
can't send data to the Unix system at high speeds using ZMODEM,
but YMODEM-1k or XMODEM-1k,
when YMODEM with 128 byte blocks works properly.

The DSZ or Pro-YAM
.B "zmodem l"
numeric parameter may be set to a value between 64 and 1024 to limit the
burst length ("zmodem pl128").
Although this compromises ZMODEM's throughput,
ZMODEM's superior reliability remains intact.

If a program that does not properly implement
the specified file transfer protocol
.I rz
to "hang" the port after a failed transfer,
either wait for
.I rz
to time out or keyboard a dozen Ctrl-X characters.
Every reported instance of this problem has been corrected by using
ZCOMM, Pro-YAM, DSZ, or other program with a correct implementation
of the specified protocol.

Many programs claiming to support YMODEM only support XMODEM with 1k blocks,
and they often don't get that quite right.

In the case of a few poorly designed microcomputers,
sending serial data to a tty port
at sustained high speeds
has been known to cause lockups, system halts, kernel panics,
and occasional antisocial behaviour.
This problem is not unique to
.I rz;
CRT terminals with block mode transmission and line noise
have the same effect. When experimenting with high speed
input to a system, consider rebooting the system if the file
transfers are not successful, especially if the personality of
the system appears altered.

The Unix "ulimit" parameter must be set high enough
to permit large file transfers to Unix.

32 bit CRC code courtesy Gary S. Brown.
Directory creation code from John Gilmore's PD TAR program.
.I Rz
is not intended be called from
.I cu(1),
or other communications programs.
Unix flavors of Omen Technology's
Professional-YAM communications software
are available for dial-out applications.

.I Rz
does not support ZMODEM Crash Recovery
and many other ZMODEM features.
Unix flavors of Professional-YAM may be linked to "rz"
to support these features.

Pathnames are restricted to 127 characters.
In XMODEM single file mode, the pathname given on the command line
is still processed as described above.
The ASCII option\'s CR/LF to NL translation merely deletes CR\'s;
undos(omen) performs a more intelligent translation.
The VMS version does not set the file time.

VMS C Standard I/O and RMS may interact to modify
file contents unexpectedly.

The VMS version does not support invocation as
The current VMS version does not support XMODEM, XMODEM-1k, or YMODEM.

According to the VMS documentation,
the buffered input routine used on the VMS version of
.I rz
introduces a delay
of up to one second for each protocol transaction.
This delay may be significant for very short files.
Removing the "#define BUFREAD" line from rz.c will
eliminate this delay at the expense of increased
CPU utilization.

For high speed operation,
try increasing the SYSGEN parameter TTY_TYPAHDSZ to 256.

The VMS version causes DCL to generate a random off the wall
error message under some error conditions; this is a result of
the incompatibility of the VMS "exit" function with the
Unix/MSDOS standard.
.I Rz
supports incoming ZMODEM binary (-b), ASCII (-a),
protect (-p),
clobber (-y),
and append (-+)
Other options sent by the sender are ignored.
The default is protect (-p) and binary (-b).

The Unix versions support ZMODEM command execution.
rz.c, crctab.c, rbsb.c, zm.c, zmodem.h Unix source files.

rz.c, crctab.c, vrzsz.c, zm.c, zmodem.h, vmodem.h, vvmodem.c,
VMS source files.

/tmp/rzlog stores debugging output generated with -vv option
(rzlog on VMS).

  3 Responses to “Category : UNIX Files
Archive   : RZSZ.ZIP
Filename : RZ.1

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: