Dec 102017
 
Upgrade your Netware Lite v1.0 to v1.1. You must have version 1.0 for the install program to work. Easy installation, better caching, window support, CD-ROM support.
File LITE11.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category Network Files
Upgrade your Netware Lite v1.0 to v1.1. You must have version 1.0 for the install program to work. Easy installation, better caching, window support, CD-ROM support.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
[email protected] 8574 8574 stored
3C503.INS 170 123 deflated
[email protected] 7604 7604 stored
[email protected] 9753 9753 stored
CLIENT.EXE 21081 11167 deflated
DEDICATE.COM 192 156 deflated
DRIVER.LST 1556 295 deflated
INSTALL.EXE 59754 58643 deflated
[email protected] 12252 12252 stored
IPXSYNC.EXE 15664 11827 deflated
LITE$RUN.OVL 2400 1296 deflated
[email protected] 6031 6031 stored
[email protected] 7889 7889 stored
NE1000.INS 97 85 deflated
[email protected] 8038 8038 stored
NE1500T.INS 127 111 deflated
[email protected] 9283 9283 stored
[email protected] 8181 8181 stored
NE2000.INS 96 84 deflated
[email protected] 8034 8034 stored
NE2100.INS 126 106 deflated
NET.EXE 35368 34923 deflated
[email protected] 17492 17492 stored
NET.OVL 95685 94252 deflated
[email protected] 12653 12653 stored
[email protected] 10706 10706 stored
[email protected] 12362 12362 stored
[email protected] 13873 13873 stored
[email protected] 24542 24542 stored
NLSNIPES.EXE 18042 17609 deflated
[email protected] 8746 8746 stored
README.TXT 54345 14977 deflated
SERVER.EXE 45411 21389 deflated
[email protected] 1681 1681 stored
[email protected] 4615 4615 stored
[email protected] 5062 5062 stored
[email protected] 10242 10242 stored
[email protected] 7696 7696 stored
TRXNET.INS 203 143 deflated
UPATCH.EXE 19690 19275 deflated
[email protected] 7501 7501 stored
[email protected] 10902 10902 stored
WDPLUS.INS 219 146 deflated

Download File LITE11.ZIP Here

Contents of the README.TXT file


NetWare Lite v1.1 (7/02/92)


Print this file and save it for future reference.

To print this file to a local printer,

1. Insert the DRIVER diskette into drive A:.

2. At the DOS prompt, type "A:" and press .

3. At the DOS prompt, type "COPY README.TXT PRN" and press .

CONTENTS

1. New Features
2. Installing NetWare Lite and Logging In
3. Upgrading NetWare Lite v1.0 to NetWare Lite v.1.1
4. General Information
5. Optimize Your Network Server
6. Printing
7. Network Directory and File Sharing
8. Basic Network Application Configuring Tips
9. Basic Troubleshooting
10. NetWare Lite and NetWare Compatibility
11. Auxiliary NetWare Files
12. NetWare Lite and Windows

1. NEW FEATURES

* NetWare Lite Cache software makes the network run 3 to 6 times faster
by reducing time waiting for the hard disk.

For more information, after installing a NetWare Lite server, print
the CACHE.TXT file in the NWLITE directory.

* NET SAVE retains mapped drives, captured ports, and DOS environment
variables.

At the DOS prompt, type "NET SAVE" and press . The mapped
drives, captured ports, and DOS environment variables are saved in a
file named NLLOGIN.BAT. Next time you want to log in, you can type
"NLLOGIN" (instead of "NET LOGIN") and press to log in,
automatically map the drives, capture the ports, and set up the DOS
environment to the settings in the NLLOGIN.BAT file.

* SERVER.EXE and CLIENT.EXE can be loaded into upper memory (between 640
KB and 1024 KB).

You must have an upper memory block (UMB) with at least 64 KB
available to load SERVER.EXE into upper memory. Modify the SERVER
and CLIENT lines in STARTNET.BAT to include the specific load high
command for your memory manager. Example: If you use DR DOS 6.0,
change the SERVER line to HILOAD SERVER and the CLIENT line to
HILOAD CLIENT.

Although SERVER.EXE needs an upper memory block of at least 64 KB to
load, it may not use the entire 64 KB. Once SERVER.EXE is loaded,
the remaining upper memory can be loaded with other programs like
CLIENT.EXE.

If SERVER.EXE is configured so it requires more than 64 KB and it
will not fit in an upper memory block, you receive a message and
SERVER.EXE does not load.

* NetWare Lite v1.1 SERVER.EXE's default size is about 10 KB smaller
than in NetWare Lite 1.0 SERVER.EXE's default size. If you have a two-
computer network and set the server configuration to the minimum
values, SERVER.EXE would be approximately 33 KB. The size of
SERVER.EXE is relative to the server configuration settings.

* You can unload SERVER.EXE and CLIENT.EXE from memory.

This makes more memory available for applications when you are not
using the NetWare Lite network.

NOTE: You can only unload programs in reverse loading order.
CLIENT.EXE must be unloaded before SERVER.EXE on a server/client
station.
To unload CLIENT.EXE from memory, at the DOS prompt, type "CLIENT U"
and press .

To unload SERVER.EXE from memory, at the DOS prompt, type "SERVER U"
and press .

* Commands are more like native NetWare.

Added a NET WHOAMI alias for NET INFO and a NET USERLIST alias for
NET ULIST.

* You can use the NET SLIST command to get a list of the servers on the
network without logging in.

At the DOS prompt, type "NET SLIST" and press .

* NET AUDIT and NET RECEIVE display their status (on or off).

At the DOS prompt, type "NET RECEIVE" or "NET AUDIT" and press
. The status (on or off) appears.

* You can use NET RECEIVE to set a message-display time limit at your
workstation.

At the DOS prompt, type "NET RECEIVE number" and press .
Replace number with the number of seconds (0 to 1500) you want the
message to remain on the screen. If you enter 0, the message remains
on the screen until you simultaneously press .

* You can have client workstations notified when print jobs are
complete.

Set the NET CAPTURE notify option to yes. (The notify option default
is set at no.) Example: NET CAPTURE LPT1 N=Y

Your client workstation is notified when your print job is
completed. To clear the notification, simultaneously press
.

* CD-ROM drive support.

You can install CD-ROM drivers on a server-only computer or on a
server-client computer. Additional information is available on
Novell's automated fax system.

2. INSTALLING NETWARE LITE AND LOGGING IN

NOTE: If you have NetWare Lite v1.0 software on the computer, use the
upgrade option so your network configuration remains intact.

Determine Hardware Interrupt and Port Address Requirements

If your computer has an internal or external modem, bus mouse, fax
board, scanner, or other add-on board, determine if any of the device
interrupt levels (IRQ) or port addresses (I/O addresses) will conflict
with the NetWare Lite default interrupt 3 and port address 300 (most
network cards are set to these values at the factory).

If there is a conflict on the actual card, change the NetWare Lite
interrupt level or port address values so they don't conflict with the
other devices. Then select the corresponding interrupt and port
address setting during installation. For most computers, you can
change the interrupt level and port address during Step 3 of the
NetWare Lite installation. For IBM PS/2 computers, change the
interrupt level and I/O, EPROM (port address) on the PS/2 reference
diskette.

Use an interrupt (IRQ) for your network card. The following table
shows what the IRQ levels are used for in XT and AT computers.
_______________________________________
|IRQ | XT | AT (286, 386, 486) |
|____|_____________|____________________|
| 0 | | timer output 0 |
| 1 | | keyboard |
| 2 | EGA/VGA | EGA/VGA |
| 3 | COM2 | COM2 |
| 4 | COM1 | COM1 |
| 5 | hard disk | LPT2 |
| 6 | | floppy disk |
| 7 | LPT1 | LPT1 |
| 8 |Not Available| real time clock |
| 9 |Not Available| |
| 10 |Not Available| |
| 11 |Not Available| |
| 12 |Not Available| |
| 13 |Not Available| co-processor |
| 14 |Not Available| hard disk |
| 15 |Not Available| |
|____|_____________|____________________|

The network card needs to use a unique I/O address. The following
table shows possible address conflicts.
____________________________________________________
| I/O ADDRESS | POTENTIAL CONFLICT DEVICES |
|_____________|______________________________________|
| 1F0 | AT disk controller |
| 200 | game controller/joystick (200-20F) |
| 220 | Novell network keycard |
| 240 | |
| 260 | LPT2: (278-27F) |
| 280 | LCD display on Wyse 2108 PC |
| 2A0 | |
| 2C0 | |
| 2E0 | COM4:, GPIB-Adapter 0 (2E1) |
| | COM2:, Data acquisition (300-31F) |
| 300 | |
| 320 | XT hard disk interface (320-32F) |
| 340 | |
| 360 | LPT1:(378-37F) |
| 380 | SLDC/Sec Bi-Sync interface (380-38C) |
| 3A0 | Primary Bi-Sync interface (3A0-3A9) |
| | Monochrome display (3B0-3BB) |
| 3C0 | EGA display control (3C0-3CF) |
| | CGA display control (3D0-3DF) |
| 3E0 | COM3: (3E8-3EF) |
| | floppy disk controller (3F0-3F7) |
| | COM1: (3F8-3FF) |
|_____________|______________________________________|

Install NetWare Lite Software

Insert the PROGRAM diskette into drive A:.

At the DOS prompt, type "A:" and press .

At the DOS prompt, type "INSTALL" and press .

Follow the instructions and help provided on the screen during
installation.

If your computer has an internal or external modem, bus mouse, fax
board, scanner, or other add-on board, at Step 3 change the interrupt
level (IRQ) and port address (I/O address) so that they do not
conflict with other device interrupt levels or port addresses. (You
should have changed the network board's interrupt level and port
address before installing the NetWare Lite software.)

NOTE: Your original AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files are saved in the
directory with a .BNL (Before NetWare Lite) extension. Your
NET.CFG file is saved in the NWLITE directory as NET.BNL.

Make sure that your AUTOEXEC.BAT path statement includes the DOS
directory. If it does not, the DOS SHARE program will not load.

Start NetWare Lite

Remove the disk from drive A:

Restart your computer by simultaneously pressing , , and
. As the computer is booting, the STARTNET.BAT file loads SHARE,
LSL, the LAN ODI driver, IPXODI, SERVER, and CLIENT.

If IPXODI reports an error (such as a conflict in the interrupt
setting or port address) when loading, check the interrupt settings
and I/O address (or port address) setting on other boards in the
computer to determine if they conflict with the network board's
interrupt settings. Also check NET.CFG to make sure the settings match
the network board. Make sure you set the network board setting
correctly when installing NetWare Lite.

If interrupt settings conflict, change the interrupt setting on the
network board and install NetWare Lite again or edit NET.CFG and
reboot.

At the DOS prompt, type "NET" and press . You will be prompted
for a username.

Verifying Network Connections

Insert the PROGRAM diskette into drive A:.

At the DOS prompt, type "A:" and press .

At the DOS prompt, type "INSTALL" and press .

Highlight "Verify network connections" and press .

Make sure that the workstation name appears in the list.

Verify the network connections for all workstations on the network.
All the workstations on the network should appear on the list.

Let each computer run for at least 2 minutes to make sure there are no
intermittent problems. If a computer doesn't appear in the list, there
is a hardware problem (cards, cables, etc.) or the network card is
configured incorrectly.

Exit the installation program on each workstation.

Logging in After Installing NetWare Lite

After installing the first server on a new NetWare Lite network, log
in as SUPERVISOR (the only user defined on the network). Type "NET
LOGIN SUPERVISOR" and press .

NOTE: The SUPERVISOR account on a newly installed network does not
have a password. For network security, set a password on the
SUPERVISOR account soon after the network is installed. DO NOT
FORGET THE SUPERVISOR PASSWORD.

When additional servers are installed on an existing NetWare Lite
network, defined users, network directories, and network printers are
automatically available. You should log in using one of the defined
user accounts.

Reinstall NetWare Lite Software

If you have to reinstall NetWare Lite, you can save the database of
network directories, network printers, server configuration, and
printer control and the database of network users by backing up the
network management system files before reinstalling NetWare Lite.

After reinstalling NetWare Lite, you can restore the system files so
the users, network printers, network servers, server configuration and
printer control are the same as they were when the last system file
backup was made.

For more information about backing up and restoring system files, see
page 28 in the manual.

3. UPGRADING NETWARE LITE v1.0 to NETWARE LITE v1.1

When you upgrade from v1.0 to v1.1, the server and network information
remain on the network. The users, network directories, and network
printers don't have to be set up again.

The upgrade option can be used on all computers that have NetWare Lite
v1.0 installed.

Insert the PROGRAM diskette into drive A:.

At the DOS prompt, type "A:" and press .

At the DOS prompt, type "INSTALL" and press .

When the NetWare Lite Install Menu appears, highlight "Upgrade this
machine to v1.1" and press . The NetWare Lite v1.1 software is
loaded.

When upgrading floppy-only NetWare Lite software, the INSTALL program
asks for a path. Type "A:" and press .

Reboot your computer so NetWare Lite 1.1 is loaded.

4. GENERAL INFORMATION

Files on NetWare Lite diskettes that end with an "@" are compacted and
will not work until they are unpacked. The INSTALL program unpacks
compacted files and renames them removing the "@".

* Questions and Answers

a. How can I tell if my hardware and drivers are functioning
properly?

After loading STARTNET.BAT, verify the network connections as
explained in the manual on page 7. Let each computer run for at
least 2 minutes to make sure there are no intermittent problems.
If a computer doesn't appear in the list, there is a hardware
problem (cards, cables, etc.) or the network card is configured
incorrectly.

b. I can't find an ODI driver for my card. Can I use IPX.COM?

Yes.

In the STARTNET.BAT file, replace the following statements with
IPX.COM:

lsl
NE2000 (Or applicable driver.)
ipxodi a

(The above three statements are equivalent to the older
IPX.COM.)

c. What causes network drivers, certain DOS commands, and some
programs to lock up and act unpredictably (i.e. DOS extend error
59, WordPerfect disk error 51)?

This is probably a hardware conflict or a memory conflict with
the memory area between 640 KB and 1024 KB.

Some network cards use a shared memory address that resides in
system memory (upper memory). Often the memory address used by
the card is written over by another program which can cause
unpredictable results.

You need a memory management program with the capability of
excluding specific areas of memory from other programs. See the
memory manager's documentation to see how to exclude the memory
and refer to the network card's documentation to see how much
memory to exclude.

Other possible causes include a bad cable, a cable that is non-
standard, a homemade cable, a wrong terminator (use 50 ohm for
Ethernet and 93 ohm for ARCnet), no ground terminator, or noise
on the wire. If using 10Base-T, connect the 10Base-T cable to a
concentrator, not directly to the second computer.

d. What are the possible conflicts that could interfere with
default settings on network cards (IRQ 3 and I/O address 300)?

The most common IRQ3 conflicts occur when COM2 is used (as a
second serial port or for an internal modem, or fax board).
These conflicts may not show up until you try to use COM2:, or
in the case of a bus mouse, until you try to use the NET command
with the bus mouse initialized. Use fax document #212 or the
chart previously given in this document.

e. I receive errors in DOS applications such as share violations,
unable to access file XXXX errors, errors entering and exiting
an application, or the station hanging. What can I do?

Change the application directories' default rights to READ. Some
applications require Write access to the directory. If this is
the case, change the .EXE, .OVL and .COM files rights to READ
ONLY using the DOS command ATTRIB or third party software.

Remove the TSRs running on your computer one at a time and run
the application again to determine if a TSR is causing the
problem. (Load NetWare Lite using the STARTNET command before
you load other TSRs.)

Check for conflicts on interrupts used by the hardware.

Increase the value of "FILES=XX" in CONFIG.SYS. Example:
"FILES=50."

Increase the value of the "Client tasks" in the Net Utility
Server Configuration. Make sure there are at least 10 tasks per
client connected to the server for DOS and at least 15 tasks per
client connected to the server for Windows.

Check the application's setup or the configuration section that
applies to network selection. Select NO NETWORK or OTHER. Do not
select NETWARE or NOVELL.

Check the server status. Make sure that the PEAK values are not
as high as the configured (CFG) values. If the PEAK values are
approaching the configured values, increase the applicable
configured values and reboot the computer.

Make sure the application directory is included in the PATH
statement in AUTOEXEC.BAT or STARTNET.BAT.

Check the memory requirements of the program and PC memory for
possible problems.

Increase the SHARE file and lock parameters in STARTNET.BAT or
AUTOEXEC.BAT.

Example: SHARE /F:8000 /L:200

[The file (/f) parameter is not applicable in DR DOS 6.0.]

* Load NETBIOS if an application requires it.

* Load SPX if an application requires it.

Modify the STARTNET.BAT file "IPXODI A" command to "IPXODI D." When
the "A" is removed, both IPXODI and SPX is loaded. You can type
"IPXODI ?" at the DOS prompt to see a list of all available options
for IPXODI.

* Avoid mapping local drives as network drives.

You can map local drives (for example, A: or B:) and use them
temporarily as network drives; however, we Do Not recommend doing
this. If you run out of drive letters to map, increase LASTDRIVE in
your CONFIG.SYS file.

* Do Not use ASSIGN with NetWare Lite.

The DOS (3.3) reference manual recommends the use of SUBST instead
of ASSIGN.

* WARNING: Caches, other than the NetWare Lite Cache, may need to have
delayed writes, deferred writes, posted writes, or queued writes
disabled if they are used with NetWare Lite. Many cache programs "wake
up" to do writes in the background, they do not protect themselves
from re-entry with a DOS-critical section callout. If you use a cache
(other than the NetWare Lite Cache) with deferred writes, posted
writes, or queued writes turned on, you may get random hangs, data
corruption, or other abnormal behavior. To use a cache other then the
NetWare Lite Cache, call the cache company's technical support group
to find out if their cache's deferred writes, posted writes, or queued
writes work with NetWare Lite.

Many caches don't allow delayed writes, deferred writes, posted
writes, or queued writes when using a peer-to-peer network. However,
the NetWare Lite Cache can use delayed writes. If you are using a
cache that has one of the above options, make sure the option is
turned off.

* Do not make server names 15 characters long if you remotely manage
servers.

If you remotely manage a server with a name that is 15 characters
long, the server will hang. To fix the problem, make the server name
less than 15 characters long.

5. OPTIMIZING YOUR NETWORK SERVER

* Modify the number of receive buffers and number of I/O buffers.

Depending upon the number and frequency of requests to the server,
increasing the number of receive buffers and I/O buffers may enhance
server performance.

The number of receive buffers doesn't need to be more than 2 above
the number of simultaneous connections, but it shouldn't exceed 12.

Generally 8 to 12 receive buffers and 1 to 4 I/O buffers are
sufficient for up to 25 connections.

* Modify the receive buffer size and I/O buffer size for the network.

Using multiples of 512 bytes, increase the receive buffer size up to
the maximum supported by the network topology (for example, Ethernet
or Token ring) or a maximum of 8192 bytes. However, increasing the
size of the receive buffer increases the size of the server software
when it is in RAM. If you enter too large a number at the receive
buffer size field in the Server Configuration option, NetWare Lite
truncates the value to the highest value that the network card can
transmit or receive.

Increasing the receive buffer size lets clients request more data
from or send more data to the server with each read and write
operation. When more data is sent, fewer requests to the disk are
necessary so you get better performance from the server.

* Unfragment files or optimize disk.

MAKE SURE THAT SERVER.EXE IS NOT RUNNING WHEN YOU UNFRAGMENT FILES!

Fragmented files adversely affect server performance. Periodically
unfragment files on each server's hard disk using a disk optimizing
or a disk compression tool.

Never run any low-level disk repair utilities (including CHKDSK /F
or disk optimizing utilities) on the hard disk while the server
(SERVER.EXE) is loaded. Doing so can corrupt data stored on the hard
disk. Do not run low-level utilities from a client that has a drive
mapped to the server.

* Use SUBST instead of MAP for network drives on a local server.

If your computer has network directories on its hard drive, you can
use the SUBST command instead of NET MAP command. It is more
efficient to use SUBST to access network directories on your hard
disk than it is to use NET MAP.

6. PRINTING

* Questions and Answers

a. Why does a status message "Printer off Line" or "Printer Out of
Paper" pop up when I try to print even though neither of these
situations is accurate?

Check the network printer configuration to make sure it is
configured for the port (LPT1, LPT2, LPT3) that it is actually
connected to.

Example: If the printer is connected to LPT1 on the server, the
network printer configuration must be set to LPT1.

If the network printer configuration and printer port are
correct, increase the printer configuration "Error wait time" by
15-second increments and try again.

b. One of the servers has intermittent problems when trying to
print. Sometimes the server hangs and other times the print job
disappears without being printed.

If you are using LPT1 on the server, make sure that your network
card is NOT set to I/O 360. This port address overlaps with the
I/O address for LPT1 (378). If LPT2 is used, INT 5 will cause a
conflict.

c. How can I let NetWare Lite know that I have changed the IRQ and
I/O address on my network LAN driver without reinstalling the
program?

Edit C:\NWLITE\NET.CFG. If the file is not there, create one
like this:

#Setup the NE2000 card (This is a comment line)
link driver NE2000 (Enter the ODI driver name here in
place of NE2000.)
int 3
port 300
MEM D000 (This line is used only when a card has
a shared memory address.)

Enter the correct settings into this file and reboot the
computer. The driver loads with the correct settings.

If you change network cards, change the NET.CFG file to match
the settings on the new card and change the STARTNET.BAT driver
name to the new driver name.

MicroChannel computers typically do not require NET.CFG.

* Using characters per second and print buffers.

The print buffer is an area in memory where characters are stored
before being printed. The larger the print buffer size, the fewer
times the server must to go to disk to read characters to print.

If the "Characters per sec" value is high (relatively speaking), the
printer is driven faster and the DOS running on the computer is
interrupted more often to send characters to the printer. The
opposite is also true if the value of the "Characters per sec" is
low (relatively speaking) and the print buffer size is small.

Tune these values to the speed or chosen speed of the printer. If
the printer is physically a "slow" printer (like a serial printer),
setting the "Characters per sec" parameter to a high number does not
affect the speed of printing, but it can adversely affect the
foreground DOS process.

For serial printers, the "Chars per sec" value should be about the
same as the printer baud rate divided by 10. Example: If the baud
rate is 9600, the "Char per sec" value should be about 960.

* Access local network printers only through the network.

When you have a network printer attached to your workstation,
capture a port when you need to print to the attached printer. If
you print directly to the printer without capturing the port, you
may corrupt print jobs or get a write error.

* Make network printers location-independent.

Example: Your server, named DEPT_SERVER is an 8 Mhz 286 computer
with a 40 MB hard disk. It has a network printer named LASERJET.
Clients capture ports to LASERJET and print to it almost every day.

You buy a 50 Mhz 486 computer with a 1 GB hard disk and want to move
the LASERJET network printer to the new computer. You set up the new
computer and install the NetWare Lite software, calling the server
HOT_SERVER. You then create a new network printer named LASERJET
(same name as before) on HOT_SERVER. Remove the network printer from
DEPT_SERVER.

When clients capture the LASERJET network printer (without
specifying the server name in the command line), the LASERJET
network printer is on HOT_SERVER, not DEPT_SERVER. Nothing in the
client's STARTNET.BAT or AUTOEXEC.BAT needs to be changed. In fact,
the client does not need to know that the computer that the LASERJET
network printer was connected to has changed.

* Give each network printer a name that describes the printer.

A good network printer name for a LaserJet II printer would be
LASERJET_II or LJ2. Other descriptive network printer names could be
EPSON_DOT or OKIDATA_DOT.

Network printer names like PRINTER1 or PRINTER2 do not describe the
printer and do not help users on the network determine which printer
to use.

* When sending print jobs to postscript printers or when you want to
print in Novell byte stream mode, make sure that your NET CAPTURE
command includes the following settings:

Banner equals No (B=N)
Tabs equals Zero (T=0)
Formfeed equals No (F=N)
Setup string equals Default (S=DEFAULT)

NOTE: The Default setup string should not have any values when it
is used for postscript printing or when it is used for byte
stream mode.

If your print job gets split to multiple jobs when printing or if
the first part of a printed document is in fonts and the rest of the
document isn't, increase the WAIT value (W=10) to a value higher
than 10 seconds, for example, 20 seconds (W=20).

* You can define up to 64 setup strings for each network printer. Each
setup string can have up to 64 two-digit hexadecimal characters.

A setup string is a series of characters that put the printer into a
particular mode (for example, landscape mode or large character
mode).

By default, the DEFAULT setup string is set to nothing. Make the
DEFAULT setup string a sequence of values that resets the printer.
Many printers use the string "1B 45" (E) to reset the printer.
Check your printer documentation to determine which setup string
sequence value resets the printer and which sequences place the
printer into other modes. Setup strings are always entered using
hexadecimal codes.

You can submit jobs that print in different printer modes by
defining multiple setup strings for a network printer. Use setup
strings as part of the NET CAPTURE command or in the NET menu
utility "Print" option.

7. NETWORK DIRECTORY AND FILE SHARING

* Give each network directory a name that describes the contents of the
network directory to help locate applications and files.

A good name for a network directory that contains the WordPerfect
application would be WORDPERFECT or WP. Other descriptive network
directory names could be GAMES, PUBLIC, or TURBOC.

Network directory names like CDRIVE or DDRIVE do not describe the
directory contents so they do not help network users find
applications or files.

NOTE: During NetWare Lite installation, the network directory CDRIVE
is created for you. When you are familiar with network
directories, remove CDRIVE and replace it with one or more
descriptive network directories.

* Make executable files (*.EXE, *.COM, *.BAT, *.OVL) READ-ONLY files, or
place executable files in a network directory with READ default access
rights.

If an executable file is not marked READ ONLY or is not in a network
directory with the default access right READ and the file is
accessed by more than one user, the users may be temporarily denied
access to a file.

To make executable files READ-ONLY, see the DOS documentation for
the ATTRIB command.

To make the network directory default access rights READ, see
"Create or Modify Network Directories" in the NetWare Lite manual.

* Make network directories location-independent.

Example: Your server, named DEPT_SERVER, is an 8 Mhz 286 computer
with a 40 MB hard disk. It has a network directory named ALL_APPS.
All clients map drives to ALL_APPS and use it every day.

You buy a 50 Mhz 486 computer with a 1 GB hard disk, and want to
move the ALL_APPS network directory to the new computer.

You set up the new computer and install the NetWare Lite software,
calling the server HOT_SERVER. You then create a new network
directory named ALL_APPS (same name as before) on HOT_SERVER. Copy
the files from DEPT_SERVER to HOT_SERVER. Remove the network
directory ALL_APPS from DEPT_SERVER.

Now when clients access the ALL_APPS network directory (without
specifying the server name in the command line), the ALL_APPS
network directory is on HOT_SERVER, not DEPT_SERVER. Nothing in the
client's STARTNET.BAT or AUTOEXEC.BAT needs to be changed. In fact,
the client does not need to know that the computer that the ALL_APPS
network directory was on has changed.

* Include the PATH Command in AUTOEXEC.BAT or STARTNET.BAT to search for
applications.

Include network directories that contain applications (executable
files) that are mapped to drive letters in the DOS environment
variable path.

Example: If the AUTOEXEC.BAT or STARTNET.BAT file contains NET MAP
L: DR_DOS_6 and NET MAP M: NWLITE, include L: and M: in the path.
Use the statement "PATH=%PATH%;L:\;M:\;" in the AUTOEXEC.BAT.

NOTE: Each drive (letter, colon, and backslash separated by a
semicolon) included in the PATH command is searched when an
executable filename is entered and executed at the DOS prompt.
If an application or executable file is located in any of the
drive letters included in the PATH command, the application or
executable file is launched.

When NetWare Lite is installed, the INSTALL program searches for an
AUTOEXEC.BAT file. If a PATH command is included in the file, the
installation program adds "C:\NWLITE" to the path command. If there
is no PATH command, the installation program adds the command
"PATH=C:\NWLITE" to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file.

8. BASIC NETWORK APPLICATION CONFIGURING TIPS

Installing applications on NetWare Lite may be different than
installing the same applications on regular NetWare because NetWare
Lite is a peer-to-peer network.

If an application requires configuration information when it is
installed, determine which workstations will use the application.

Example: The application TESTAPP.EXE is being installed and the
installation program asks what kind of monitor will be used with the
application. The computer you are at has a VGA screen, but no other
computer on the network has a VGA screen. If you select VGA, when the
application is run from across the network on a computer that has a
CGA screen, the application may not properly function.

If the installation procedure asks what type of network you are using,
don't select NOVELL or NETWARE. Select OTHER, IBM COMPATIBLE, DOS,
NETBIOS, or PEER-TO-PEER. For more details, see Appendix B in the
manual.

Make all executable files READ-ONLY using the DOS ATTRIB command.

Check the PATH statements and configuration files for incorrect paths
to programs and data files.

Make sure SHARE is loaded with sufficient locks and memory (/L and /F
parameters). See the DOS documentation.

Check the CONFIG.SYS for sufficient FILES and BUFFERS on all nodes.
Also find out if the application has a separate method of configuring
the number of open files. Clipper compiled applications often have a
separate configuration method.

Separate shared and non-shared files into different mapped
directories. Make sure you have sufficient connections and tasks on
the server to do the job.

9. BASIC TROUBLESHOOTING

Use Novell IMSP certified drivers and boards.

Establish the sequence of operations that cause the problem. Is it a
random problem? Does it only happen in a particular application or
particular combination of applications? What do the applications do?
This background information will help you decide if the problem is
hardware or software.

Get the layout of the network. Find out how many server-clients,
server-only, and client-only computers are on the network. Find out
what type of network card and interrupt and port address settings are
installed in each computer. Find out what drivers, printer models,
brand and type of computers, versions of DOS, and additional cards and
other peripherals are on the network.

Resolve all hardware problems first. Some symptoms that appear to be
application related are caused by connectivity issues.

Reboot the computer without loading the network software. See if the
problem exists when the network software is not loaded.

Find out if the applications are network versions. Many non-network
applications will work on the network, but some will not.

10. NETWARE LITE AND NETWARE COMPATIBILITY

The shell's 25th line message may block a NetWare Lite server, causing
stations that are attached to the server to appear to hang.

NetWare Lite functions on a single LAN segment so NetWare Lite packets
DO NOT cross Novell routers (NetWare Lite packets do cross MAC layer
bridges or repeaters). At sites that have an existing NetWare network,
each NetWare Lite network is limited to a single LAN segment of the
network.

If a workstation will use both NetWare Lite and native NetWare (which
requires NETx.COM), load the software in the following order:

__________________________________________________
| SOFTWARE LOADING ORDER |
|__________________________________________________|
| SOFTWARE | SERVER | CLIENT | BOTH |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| SHARE.EXE | Load | | Load |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| If using IPXODI load | | | |
| LSL | | | |
| Network board driver| Load | Load | Load |
| IPXODI | | | |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| If using IPX load the | | | |
| generated IPX file | Load | Load | Load |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| SERVER.EXE | Load | | Load |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| CLIENT.EXE | | Load | Load |
|_______________________|________|________|________|
| Log in to the NetWare Lite Network and capture |
| ports and map drives before loading NETx.COM |
|__________________________________________________|
| NETx.COM | Load | Load | Load |
|_______________________|________|________|________|

NOTE: The NetWare Lite Cache can be loaded as a device driver from
CONFIG.SYS or it can be loaded anytime as a TSR.

After installing CLIENT.EXE in a workstation that also uses the
NetWare shell, modify your AUTOEXEC.BAT or appropriate batch file to
load the files in the correct order.

NOTE: The NetWare Shell maps the SYS:LOGIN drive to the drive after
the NetWare Lite LASTDRIVE specified in CONFIG.SYS. If LASTDRIVE
is not set, DOS defaults to drive E:, so drive F: is mapped to
SYS:LOGIN.

We recommend using the "MAP *1:=" command in your login
script to map the drive after the specified NetWare Lite
LASTDRIVE. If you use the relative drive mapping (above)
instead of the absolute drive mapping, you wont have to
change drive mappings as often if you change your last
drive. However, if certain drives must be mapped to specific
letters, changing LASTDRIVE may change which drive letters
are mapped.

All drive letters (A: through Z:) can be mapped to NetWare
servers (NetWare Lite can only map A: through LASTDRIVE).

11. AUXILIARY NETWARE FILES

The following programs are included with NetWare, but are not
documented in the NetWare Lite manual. These programs are not
necessary for NetWare Lite to run, but they add functionality for some
situations, and provide some fun too.

DEDICATE.COM This small program can be run on a dedicated NetWare
Lite server or on NetWare Lite client/servers when the
keyboard will not be used for a while.

DEDICATE.COM improves server performance by polling the
keyboard, keeping SERVER.EXE out of DOS, and letting
SERVER.EXE use more cycles per operation.

To run DEDICATE.EXE, while SERVER.EXE is running, type
DEDICATE and press .

DEDICATE.COM remains active until you press a key on the
keyboard.

UPATCH.EXE This is the Universal Patch Program. It applies patches
to target files. For information on NetWare Lite
patches, customers in the U.S. and Canada can call
Novell's 24-hour automated fax service at
(800) 638-9273. Press the asterisk (*) key at the
beginning of the recorded message.

IPXSYNC.EXE This program can be used to synchronize activity on a
Novell network. The usage is IPXSYNC string [count]
(default count: 1). Include IPXSYNC and a string in any
batch files when it is important that a specific
computer is running before the batch file continues
execution. IPXSYNC broadcasts the string until another
computer broadcasts the same string. Then both stations
continue running.

Example: If you have three computers on your network and
each computer has a network drive you want to map to,
include the string "IPXSYNC READY 2" in all three
computers' STARTNET.BAT files after the SERVER statement
and CLIENT statement and before the drive mappings and
port capture statements. When STARTNET.BAT gets to the
"IPXSYNC READY 2" line, it will not continue the
execution until two other computers on the network are
issuing the "READY" message.

NETBIOS.EXE Some applications require NETBIOS.EXE. If an application
requires NETBIOS, load it at the DOS prompt after
loading IPXODI and before loading the application. For
more information on NETBIOS.EXE, contact the nearest
Novell Authorized Reseller.

NLSNIPES.EXE This is a game for one to five players. Everyone who
wants to play NLSNIPES must map a drive to the same
network directory.

* For instructions on how to move and shoot, type
"NLSNIPES /H" and press .

* To run NLSNIPES.EXE, type NLSNIPES. When asked for
your initials, type two initials to identify your
sniper.

The first person to run NLSNIPES is the starter. As
others run NLSNIPES and enter their initials, a sniper
appears for the game. When the group is ready to play,
the starter presses to begin the game. Move your
sniper through the maze killing snipes generators, and
other snipers.

If a "Sharing Violation error..." occurs, press F (Fail)
to clear it and continue. This error can be avoided by
typing "NET MAP ..." and using the mapped drive to a
local disk instead of using the local disk directly.

TASKID.COM This program is used when running Windows 3.0 in real or
standard mode. Copy this program from the NWLITE
directory to the WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory.

TBMI.COM This program is used when running Windows 3.0 in real or
standard mode. Copy this program from the NWLITE
directory to the WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory. Include the
command "TBMI" in the STARTNET.BAT file immediately
after the "IPXODI" command.

TBMI2.COM This program is used when running Windows 3.1 in
standard mode. Copy this program from the NWLITE
directory to the WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory. Include the
command "TBMI2" in the STARTNET.BAT file immediately
after the "IPXODI" command.

VIPX.386 This program is used when running Windows 3.0 and 3.1 in
enhanced mode. Copy this program from the NWLITE
directory to the WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory.

14. NetWare Lite and Windows

Before Installing Netware Lite and Windows

1. Decide what cache you want to use. NetWare Lite comes with the
NetWare Lite Cache and it is designed to work with NetWare Lite.
If you want to use SMARTDRV or another cache, you MUST turn off
the write cache.

WARNING: SMARTDRV's and other caches' write cache must be
turned off because when they "wake up" to do writes in
the background, they do not protect themselves from
re-entry with a DOS-critical section callout. If you
use any cache (other than the NetWare Lite Cache) with
deferred writes, posted writes, or queued writes
turned on, you may get random hangs, data corruption,
or other abnormal behavior.

WARNING: Do not use SMARTDRV and NetWare Lite Cache at the same
time.

2. If you are going to use the NetWare Lite Cache, edit the
AUTOEXEC.BAT file to remove the SMARTDRV command or the other
cache's command.

3. If you are going to use SMARTDRV or another cache, do the
following:

See the cache's documentation to find out how to turn off
the write cache.

Do not install the NetWare Lite Cache when installing
NetWare Lite.

Installing/Modifying NetWare Lite and Windows

1. Install NetWare Lite.

2. From the DOS prompt (before you start Windows), copy the files
TASKID.COM, TBMI.COM, TBMI2.COM and VIPX.386 from the NWLITE
directory to the WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory on your hard disk.

3. Edit the SYSTEM.INI file in the WINDOWS directory.

Under the [386enh] heading:

UniqueDOSPSP=true
PSPIncrement=5
OverLappedIO=off
TimerCriticalSection=10000
ReflectDOSInt2A=true

Modify the "network=*vnetbios, *dosnet" line to include
"VIPX.386."

Example: network=*vnetbios, *dosnet, VIPX.386

4. Make sure the Windows Setup System Information has the Network
field set to "NO NETWORK INSTALLED."

Do not select "NOVELL NETWARE ..." unless you are also
connected to a native Novell NetWare network (like NetWare
v2.2 or NetWare v3.11). While in the WINDOWS directory, type
SETUP and press . The Windows Setup screen appears.
Highlight "Network" and press . Highlight "NO NETWORK
INSTALLED" and press . The Windows Setup screen
appears and the "Complete Changes" field is highlighted.
Press to make the change. Press to exit SETUP.

5. If you are going to use Windows in the REAL or STANDARD mode,
execute the appropriate file (TBMI.COM or TBMI2.COM).

The following matrix shows networking programs needed for
specific DOS and Windows environments. It also specifies if
and when to load the program.
_________________________________________________________________________
| | WINDOWS 3.0 || WINDOWS 3.1 |
|______|________________________________________||________________________|
| DOS | REAL | STANDARD | ENHANCED || STANDARD | ENHANCED |
|______|_____________|_____________|____________||__________ |____________|
|MS DOS|TBMI.COM * |TBMI.COM * |VIPX.386 ***||TBMI2.COM *|VIPX.386 ***|
| 3.x |TASKID.COM **|TASKID.COM **| || | |
| 4.x | | | || | |
| 5.x | | | || | |
|_____ |_____________|_____________|____________||___________|____________|
|DR DOS|TBMI.COM * |TBMI.COM * |VIPX.386 ***||TBMI2.COM *|VIPX.386 ***|
| 6.x |TASKID.COM **|TASKID.COM **| || | |
|______|_____________|_____________|____________||___________|____________|
| |
| * = Include the command "TBMI" or "TBMI2" in the STARTNET.BAT file |
| immediately after the "IPXODI" command. |
| |
| ** = Load immediately after entering a Windows DOS box by typing |
| "TASKID" at the DOS prompt and unload before exiting a Windows |
| DOS box by typing "TASKID U" at the DOS prompt. |
| |
| *** = Make sure VIPX.386 is in the WINDOWS/SYSTEM directory and the |
| SYSTEM.INI file "network=*vnetbios, *dosnet" line includes |
| "VIPX.386". |
|_________________________________________________________________________|

Before Loading Windows

1. Run STARTNET.BAT to load the NetWare Lite software.

2. Type "NET LOGIN username" and press to log in to the
network.

3. Map drives and capture ports to set up your NetWare Lite
environment. For more information on how to map drives and
capture ports, see the manual.

Load Windows

If SYSTEM.INI was not changed as in the "Installing/Modifying
NetWare Lite and Windows" section, NetWare Lite prevents Windows
from loading, displays an error message, and returns you to the DOS
prompt. If SYSTEM.INI was changed, NetWare Lite lets Windows load.

When using Windows

To access directories on a computer's local hard drive using a drive
letter, use the DOS SUBST command instead of the NET MAP command.
The SUBST command is more efficient than the NET MAP command for
accessing directories on a local hard drive. For more information on
the SUBST command, see your DOS documentation.

Don't run the NET utility inside of a DOS box.

When entering a DOS box in real or standard mode, immediately load
TASKID by typing "TASKID" and pressing at the DOS prompt.

Just before exiting a DOS box in real or standard mode, unload
TASKID by typing "TASKID U" and pressing at the DOS prompt.

If you are running executable (.EXE) command (.COM), or batch (.BAT)
files that execute or spawn other executable, command, or batch
files, and the files shut down, increase Windows' SYSTEM.INI file
PSPIncrement value by increments of 5 until the files don't shut
down.

Before Printing in Windows

Turn off the Fast Printing Direct to Port. From the Program Manager
Main window, double click on the Control Panel icon, double click on
the Printers icon, double click on the Connect button, and click on
the Fast Printing to Direct Port box until it does not contain an X.

Get application specific information for Windows from the NetWare Lite
automated fax service. In the U.S. and Canada, call (800)638-9273 and
press the asterisk (*) key at the beginning of the recorded message.


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