Category : Word Processors
Archive   : PCWA401B.ZIP
Filename : ED4.HLP

Output of file : ED4.HLP contained in archive : PCWA401B.ZIP

If you haven't divided your document into pages using repage, PC-Write will
do it during printing. You can view them beforehand with page preview.
If you're not satisfied with where pagebreaks fall, set them manually.
Before printing, be sure the setup options are set how you want them.
See Setup printing
To merge documents to the printer, see MERGE PRINT.
To send text directly to printer, see TYPEWRITER.
To insert graphics or other text file when printing, see Print-time item.
Setup printer using Customizer. See Printer setup.

Print all pages of current document, no matter where cursor is located.
To assign a quick print key to print document in one step, see CUSTOMIZE.
The button bar lets you print all pages with one step. See Buttons
You can also print from DOS. See SHORTCUTS
KEYS: Alt P A (F1 F7 F10).
P-Print range of pages, or just current page. PC-Write sets first page of
range to current page, and last to last page in document, making it easy to
print current page (use Single) or from cursor page to end (use Range).
To print range one page at a time, use Single, which resets range each time
to start at next page. Change the range numbers to print different pages.
KEYS: Alt P R (F1 F7 F9).
Using F1 F7 F9, follow with Enter to print current page. To print range from
current page to end of document, follow F9 with F10 Enter (sets last page).
To print a partial page, mark the text first, then press Alt P A (F1 F7 F10).
PðSet Even pages if you want to print a two-sided document on both sides of
paper. Print all even (lefthand) pages, turn paper over, and print odd
(righthand) pages. Resets to Both. Applies for Print range and All pages.
KEYS: Alt P R E or O or B (F1 F7 F5), See also Paper use
Print a series of files with incremental filenames. See Files in a series

You can stop sending information to printer anytime midway by pressing Esc.
Many printers read ahead and save text in a buffer. For these printers,
pressing Esc won't stop printing until buffer is empty. Next press either:
Esc to stop immediately, even if mid-page (this may leave data in printer)
F9 to stop after finishing current page
F10 to resume printing

If PC-Write cannot send output to your printer, you get a message. Check to
be sure printer is on-line and shows no error lights. Ready the printer and
press F9 to continue print operation. For more printer tips, see PROBLEMS.

P-Print view
Show a picture of your page (if you have a graphics adapter). It's too small
to read, but you see margins, headers and other layout. If it doesn't look
right, make changes before printing.
KEYS: Alt P V (F1 F7 F3)
To change shades for preview screen, see CUSTOMIZE.

P-Font sample
PC-Write prints file PRINT.TST to show how each of your fonts will print.
KEYS: Alt P F (F1 F7 F2)

P=Setup printing
Set copies, feed method, output method, and control file before printing
your document. If no printer has been selected, see Printer setup.
KEYS: Alt P S (F1 F7) then:
C (F7) number of copies. Default is 1 copy.
T (F4 F4) Tractor feed. Sheets are connected with perforated line.
B (F4 F5) Bin/tray feed. Separate sheets, fed automatically.
S (F4 F6) Single sheet feed. Each sheet is fed by hand.
If you switch from tractor feeding, you may need to change your document
margins and repage before printing. See Changing paper feed
To change portrait/landscape orientation of text on page, see Paper use.
To setup left/right page format, see Paper use.

P=Print to disk or different port by changing output setting:
F (F8) displays prompt for output filename. 'PRN' is special name for
printer. After printing to a file, the output filename resets to 'PRN'.
Caution: if the output file already exists, printing overwrites it.
Type standard device name (eg. LPT2, COM2) to change port temporarily.
To permanently change port, modify printer setup. See CUSTOMIZE.
To permanently change output filename, see PC-Write Wizard's Book.
P=Set print control file by reading temporarily or linking permanently.
R (F6) retains printer definitions until another is read or you exit.
L attaches printer definitions to current document permanently.
See Print control file
Definitions are specific to your printer. Bottom two lines of Setup submenu
show the make and model currently set. See Printer setup below.

Printer setup
Pick one or more printers to use with PC-Write using the Customizer.
Printer Setup writes a print control file containing specific instructions
for the printer you pick. See CUSTOMIZE
Print control file
Your print control file translates all formatting information in document to
codes for your printer. Having correct print control file for your printer
is critical. Many format problems are due to using wrong print control file.
See Printer setup
The first time you print or do any formatting, such as reformat or repage,
PC-Write looks for control file PR.DEF (or one you've linked). If not found,
you're prompted to enter print control filename. If you have two
printers, this lets you select the one for the job.
To have PR.DEF always read upon loading PC-Write, see CUSTOMIZE.
If using more than one printer, before printer setup decide whether you will
be using mainly one printer, or using both about equally.
If you have a main printer, be sure it is named PR.DEF, so that PC-Write
finds it when needed. Then give the alternate printer(s) a unique name(s),
such as LASER. You'll need to either Read or Link the alternate print
control file to use it. See Set print control file
If you use two printers equally, give them each unique names (not PR.DEF),
and Read or Link the appropriate control file.
To have PC-Write always ask which printer to use, name none of your print
control files PR.DEF, and don't Read or Link.
Printing on alternate printer
Reformat using correct print control file before printing document on a
second printer. You may also need to change font assignments, especially if
one printer supports separate size fonts and the other doesn't. See FONTS

For help with printer problems, see next topic: PROBLEMS.


Editing problems
Printing problems
Support services

Following are the most common problems encountered, and the usual solutions.
It's a good idea to try suggestions found here before calling Quicksoft for
technical assistance.

1. Make sure PC-Write program is all in one subdirectory or floppy disk,
which is the default drive and subdirectory. PC-Write may need to read a
special file to do certain tasks. For example, spell checking requires the
master dictionary, WORDS.MAS. If PC-Write can't find a file it needs, it
displays a message with the name of the file. The operation may be canceled
until you try again with the file on your disk, in the current subdirectory.

2. Try PC-Write without any memory resident software (any program loaded
into memory and active as you work with PC-Write). If you are on a network,
run PC-Write locally. Memory resident software, network software, and the
DOS APPEND command sometimes interfere with the DOS PATH command. This may
cause PC-Write (and other programs) problems locating files.
To run a hardware system check, see CUSTOMIZE.

3. If you suspect damage to a PC-Write file, recopy file from original
diskettes, or make a new work diskette using INSTALL with a new, blank,
formatted diskette. On a hard disk system, use a new subdirectory. If these
fail, try to run PC-Write from your original diskettes (not recommended in
the ordinary case). If PC-Write will not run from your original diskettes,
you may need a new set.

Printers have more problems than other parts of a computer system. If your
printer is not working with PC-Write, don't panic. See also Printer setup

If printer is not working or PC-Write tells you it can't print, check that:
1. Power is on. Try turning printer off and on.
2. Printer is activated (ON-LINE or SELECTED light is on).
3. Printer is not out of paper.
4. All plugs and cables are secure.
5. All switches on your printer are set according to manufacturer's
specifications. (Look in your printer manual.)
6. Printer is plugged into correct port of your computer. Most computers
have at least one parallel port and often one or more serial ports. They
sometimes look the same.
7. For a serial printer, you selected a serial port name when you setup the
printer upon Installation or using Customizer.

Check the Printer Appendix of the PC-Write Reference Manual for information
about specific printers.

If it is printing, but the results are incorrect, check that:
1. You have right print control file installed as PR.DEF (or as control file
you've read or linked). The name of printer supported by control file in use
is displayed at bottom of Print Setup submenu. If it isn't set up for your
printer, run Customizer program to choose correct file for your printer. Or,
read or link correct control file if it's already created. See CUSTOMIZE

2. If your serial printer loses blocks of text, you may need XON/XOFF
protocol. DOS does not normally use this protocol, but you can send output
directly instead. See output port control options in Printer setup menu in
the Customizer. See CUSTOMIZE

3. If you have an older printer, it may lose blocks of text because it can't
accept data fast enough. To fix this, set printing delay. Change output port
control in Printer setup menu in Customizer. See CUSTOMIZE

4. If your printer has more than one emulation mode (it may emulate an IBM,
Epson, and so on), your print control file may not match current emulation.
For instance, Epson FX-85 has Epson mode and IBM mode. When you run
Customizer to create PR.DEF, select mode you want, and set your printer
switches accordingly.

6. If you print one page at a time, you may have to turn off printer's "out
of paper" switch. Use an escape sequence (found in printer manual) or (the
easy way) a piece of tape over the switch.

If the vertical position on paper is wrong (or you get part of page on one
piece of paper and part on next piece, printing over the perforations) you
need to reset printer's idea of where the top of page is. To do this:
1. If not in middle of printing, just move paper to top of a page and turn
printer off and then on again.
2. Otherwise, push printer's button that sets it off-line, push button that
moves paper to assumed top of a page, advance paper in printer forward to
actual top of page, and push on-line button.

If you use tractor-fed paper, do not position paper in printer up a couple
of lines, but position paper at very top with printhead just below the
perforation. Or, you can set your top margin command to 0, your bottom
margin command to include both your top and bottom margins, and position
printhead on the first line you want to print.

Changing paper feed
If you are feeding single sheets of paper or using a laser printer, printing
always starts somewhat below very top of page. PC-Write takes this
unprintable area into account when calculating page margins. However, when
you print with a tractor feeder, these unprintable margins may be different.
If you switch from tractor feeding, and have not set page margins, you may
need to repage.

If all else fails:
Print your file to another file, instead of to printer. See PRINTING
This file has everything normally sent to printer including escape sequences
and printer codes. Edit this processed file with PC-Write. You may see many
strange symbols along with your text. You may be able to print the processed
file successfully using the DOS PRINT command.

If you need more help, Quicksoft has the following support services:
Unregistered Users: Our technical support group will help you with the
tutorial. If you need more help, you must register your copy of PC-Write.
Registered Users with Current Support: You can call for help with technical
questions. Have your PC-Write manual and printer manual (if you are having
printer problems) handy. Please have the following information available:
* Your registration number.
* Your PC-Write version number (Advanced Level 4.0) and DOS version number.
* The type of hardware and peripherals you have.
* The name of any RAM-resident programs.
* The contents of your AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files, if any.
Call 206-282-0452, 7am to 5pm Pacific time, except 12:30 - 3pm Wed & Thurs.


Choose whether to display formatting codes and top line information.
To permanently set defaults for these options and more, see CUSTOMIZE.
To preview page with references and formatting, see Print view.
To split screen into multiple windows, see WINDOW SPLIT.
To change screen colors or shades, see CUSTOMIZE.

V-Hide/Show codes
Guide lines and font characters can be hidden from view. Page breaks in Hide
mode are displayed as single dashed line for soft breaks, and double dashed
line for hard page breaks.
KEYS: Alt V (Alt-Spacebar) then:
H Hides
S Shows

Text off screen
Some documents may have text out of view past left or right screen edge.
A highlighted bar displays at screen edge on each line with text off screen.

Top lines
Choose which information lines to display at top of your screen.
These settings are temporary. To set modes permanently, see CUSTOMIZE.
Status line displays file name and other things. See Status line
Menu bar displays bar but is not active until mouse or menu key is pressed.
VðButton bar displays bar but is not active until mouse or Ctl-Alt is pressed.
Ruler line shows tab stops, margins, indents, cursor column position.
Hint line shows item description when menus or default button bar are
active. Shf-F1 while in menus (or anytime) turns hints on or off.
KEYS: Alt V T then S or M or B or R or H
See Buttons, Ruler lines

Status line
Many different status indicators display for quick reference while editing.
Letter case is often significant. See also Top lines
Example: Alt:menu Push Para+Se- R:F 87% 4/60, 1/3 Edit "work.doc"

Menu Menu bar key
Alt:menu Alt key is menu key.
Esc:menu Esc key is menu key.
Top:menu Different key is menu key. (See PC-Write Wizard's Book)
Key Keyboard status
Over Overwrite mode
Push Pushright mode
OVER/PUSH Caps Lock mode
OveR/PusH Num Lock mode
Pcol/Ocol Column mode
Shf Next key will be Shifted
Ctl Next key will be Ctl'd
Alt Next key will be Alt'd
Edit Editing status: several can be active, most important one displays
Wrap- wrap off, reformat off, repage off
Wrap= wrap off, reformat off, repage on
Wrap+ wrap on, reformat off, repage off
Wrap# wrap on, reformat off, repage on
Para+ wrap on, reformat on, repage off
Para# wrap on, reformat on, repage on
ParA+ Reformat forced on by A in ruler
ParN- Reformat, wordwrap off (N in ruler), repage off
ParN= Reformat, wordwrap off (N in ruler), repage on
ParU- Reformat, wordwrap forced off by customizing, repage off
ParU= Reformat, wordwrap forced off by customizing, repage on
Marking Marking text at cursor
MARKED Marked text is present somewhere in document
Boxing Boxing mode, marking rectangular area at cursor
BOXED Boxed mode, boxed text exists somewhere
Guide Cursor on guide line
Holding Marked text is in Hold Area after you switch files
Merging Merge mode, press Alt P M (Shf-F3) to quit/continue merge
RECORD Recording all keystrokes, press Alt A K R to stop recording
DECIMAL Decimal tab entry mode
ACCENT Next key is part of Accent pair
[,],\,û Temporary indents in effect (displays to right of Push/Over)
Search Search, spell check, shorthand status
Se- Edit search, auto spell off
Se+ Edit search, auto spell on
Sp- Spell search, auto spell off
Sp+ Spell search, auto spell on
Si- Index search, auto spell off
Si+ Index search, auto spell on
First letter upper case: shorthand off
First letter lower case: shorthand on
Font Typeface or font character
R:Letter Current typeface set in a line, Ex. R:F
r:Letter As above, but in Hide mode, Ex. r:f
aLetter Cursor on font character, Ex. ÿaB
:Letter Cursor in area affected by embedded font
#:letter Current typeface set in column ruler
n% Approximate percentage of memory free for editing
Place Cursor location in document
n/n,n/n Line on page/total page lines, page number/total pages
File File save status
Edit File in memory needs to be saved
Read File in memory same as on disk, no changes made
EDIT/READ Read-only mode
edit/read File is locked on network
"filename" Name of file you are editing
"" File you are editing has not been named See New name


Scan document for specific text and replace it with other text. Search and
replace all occurrences at once, or stop to view each before replacing.
Use wild cards to do more general search and replace. See Wild cards
To find and mark a matching pair of symbols, see Match pair.
To search for next non-ASCII character, see Non-ASCII character.
To jump to specific locations, see GOING PLACES.

S-To set Find and Replace text
1. Press Alt S S (F9).
2. Type text to find.
3. Press F10.
4. Type text to replace the Find text.
In Find text:
A single space matches any number of spaces, fonts, and line ends.
Use F4 wildcard preceding space to match only one space. See Wild cards
Lower case letters match their upper case and accented versions.
Upper case letters match only upper case.
In Replace text:
Lower case letters change to the case of letters in document, if Find text
is all lower case.

S-To Search for Find text
Search for next occurrence of Find text in document. Text is highlighted,
but not selected (any selected text is unhighlighted during search).
Find text is unchanged so you can continue searching without setup again.
KEYS: Alt S then:
N (Grey+ or Ctl-L) Forward once
P (Grey- or Ctl-O) Backward once

S-Searching with Grey+ and Grey- (Ctl-L and Ctl-O) doesn't always do a text
search. If you have done spelling or index scan, these keys are setup for
spelling or index search instead. Alt S S (F9) to set find text resets the
Grey key function to text search. See Scan document, Index scan
If current file is in a file series, the search can continue to next file.
See Files in a series

S-Replace Once (forward)
Search for text then decide whether to replace this occurrence. If you know
you always want to replace, just keep pressing Replace (which does a search
followed by replace).
KEYS: Alt S R O (F10)
S=Search and replace text more broadly: everywhere in document (regardless of
cursor position), from cursor forward to end of file, or in selected (marked
or boxed) text only. Cancel broad replace anytime with Esc key.
KEYS: Alt S R A or E or S (Alt-F10)
S=Unreplace once to undo prior replace. Undoes just prior occurrence, not all.
KEYS: Alt S R U (Alt-F10 F10)
S=Swap find and replace text if you want to revisit places you modified in
order to unreplace more than once. Use caution with this; a swapped Find and
Replace text can have unexpected results if Find text is found in part of
another word (view occurrences before replacing).
KEYS: Alt S R F (Ctl-F10)

S-Wild cards are used to match generic character(s).
S=F2 Current Find text
S=F3 Marked text
S=F4 "Unwild" space, letter, Alt-A/D/J/M/X/Z
S=F5 Letter or number
S-F6 Symbol or blank
S=F7 Any character
S=F8 Line boundary
S=The F4 wild card before a space or lower case letter makes it match exactly.
S=It's also needed to search for six font characters that are also wild cards.


E-Marking text
E-Marked operations
E=Boxing text
EðColumn boxing

Select text in order to copy, move, or delete it. Perform an operation on a
restricted area of full lines (marked), or rectangular area (boxed).

Place cursor anywhere in text you want to mark.
To mark using a mouse, see MOUSE.
KEYS: Alt E S then:
W (Ctl-Alt-W) word
L (Ctl-Alt-L) line
S (Ctl-Alt-S) sentence
P (Ctl-Alt-P) paragraph
D (Ctl-F5) document
E-Block marking
1. Mark start with Alt E S M (F3). Status line shows MARKING.
2. Move cursor to highlight area. See CURSOR MOVES for quick keys.
3. Mark end with Alt E S M (F3). Status line shows MARKED.
To mark a rectangular area, see BOXING TEXT.
E-Extend marking
1. Press Alt E S M (F4) to adjust highlight area to reach cursor.
Status line changes from MARKED to MARKING.
2. Mark end with Alt E S M (F3). Status line returns to MARKED.
E-Turn off marking
Press Alt E T (F5) to unmark text and remove highlighting.

E-The following functions can be restricted to text in a marked area.
E-Copy text, See COPY/MOVE TEXT
E-Move text
E-Delete text, See DELETING TEXT
E=Switch case, See Letter case
E=Upper case
S=Replace all, See SEARCH/REPLACE
N-Reformat text, See FORMATTING
N=Break paragraph, See Break paragraph
N-Control reformat, See Control reformat
N-Paragraph indent, See Indent
N-Paragraph shape, See Shape
N=ASCII shapes, See Ascii only
N=Slide text, See Sliding text
G-Font for letters or block, See FONTS
R=Note entry, See FOOT/ENDNOTES
R=Comment line, See INSERT
T-Word count, See Word count

E-With marked text present, an operation restricted to marked area will warn
you if marked text is off screen. This allows you to turn off marking (F5)
before proceeding. Other operations display warning message if it's not
limited to marked area. Some menu operations do not pertain to selected
text, so are bracketed and unavailable if you have selected text somewhere.

Place cursor at any corner of rectangular area you want to select.
1. Start boxing with Alt E B B (Ctl-F7). Status line shows BOXING.
2. Move cursor to diagonal opposite corner.
3. End boxing with Alt E B B (Ctl-F7). Status line shows BOXED.
For operations on BOXED text, such as copy or move, see BOX OPERATIONS.
To box text in column mode, see COLUMN BOXING.
E=Extend boxing
1. Press Alt E B B (F4) to change status from BOXED to BOXING.
2. Move cursor to adjust highlight area.
3. End boxing with Alt E B B (Ctl-F7). Status line returns to BOXED.
E=Vertical box
Press Alt E B V (Ctl-F5) to extend boxed area vertically to top and
bottom of entire document.
E=Turn off boxing
Press Alt E T (F5) to unbox text and remove highlighting.

When in column mode, you have an alternate way to box text. Column boxing
forces the left and right edges of box to the edges of current column. All
you do is select vertically (with cursor or mouse) how many lines to box.
The status line shows CBOXING while column boxing, and CBOXED when done.
When you move, copy, or delete, rest of text in column slides up or down to
compensate. You cannot move or copy between columns with different widths.
KEYS: Alt E B B (Ctl-F7), See also BOXING TEXT
When you begin boxing, PC-Write asks if you want normal or column boxing.
You can force PC-Write to always column box in column mode.
To set it permanently, see CUSTOMIZE.


Define abbreviations that are expanded to full replacements when typed.
Turning on shorthand loads WORDS.SHO and activates automatic expansion.
Type abbreviation, then any key except letter, Del, Ins, Bksp, or Accent.
KEYS: Alt A U A (Alt-F6 F8 F7)
Create a word list named WORDS.SHO as you would any document. Put abbrevi-
ation and replacement pair, separated by a colon, on each line. Example:
usq:United States
Use only lower case letters and single quote marks in abbreviations;
replacements can be any text. List must be in alphabetical order (use DOS
SORT if necessary). End each abbreviation with unlikely letter like 'q', so
real words aren't expanded unexpectedly (e.g. 'usq' is better than 'us').

If using several shorthand word lists, give them unique names other than
WORDS.SHO. When loading list, type in name of list you want. Loading a list
unloads current list (if one loaded) and activates automatic expansion.
KEYS: Alt A U L (Alt-F6 F8 F6)


You can alter the amount of printed space between lines in two ways.
G-Change spacing multiple: extra printed blank lines at current line height.
G=Change line height: distance from base of character to base on line above.

G-Spacing multiple
KEYS: Alt L S then:
S sets single spacing: no added blank lines print between lines.
D sets double spacing: one extra blank line between lines.
T sets triple spacing: two extra blank lines between lines.
For 1« spacing, set single spacing and wide line height. See Line height

Double or triple spacing affects printed body text only. Lines appear single
spaced on screen. 'Lines per page' counter displayed on Status line includes
only explicit text/blank lines in document; maximum 'total lines on page'
decreases to account for extra blank lines with double/triple spacing.
Extra lines printed have same line height as text.

You can change display spacing of lines on screen, which makes screen more
readable for some people. See CUSTOMIZE

G=Line height
KEYS: Alt L S then:
N sets narrow line height. Lines are spaced 8 per inch.
R sets regular line height. Lines are spaced 6 per inch.
W sets wide line height. Lines are spaced 4 per inch. (1« spacing)
The 8, 6, and 4 values are correct only when single spacing is set.
Double spacing halves these values. Ex. narrow height prints 4 per inch.

G=More choices
Fine tune line height for text and blank lines separately. Changing blank
line height can effectively set inter-paragraph spacing, when paragraphs are
separated by explicit blank lines. Options show how many lines print in an
inch for each height (depends on printer). If you have not read print control
file, choices say 'none'. See Set print control file
KEYS: Alt L S M T or B (ST/SB dot lines)

GðHeader/footer spacing
Headers and footers have same line height as first line of body text, unless
you set separately. Blank and text lines have same height. See Line height
KEYS: Alt L S H then S or N or R or W (HS/FS dot lines)

G=Footnote spacing
Footnotes have same line height as first line of body text, unless you set
it separately. Blank footnote lines are as high as blank body text lines.
KEYS: Alt L S F then S or N or R or W (DS dot line) See Line height

You can also multispace footnote lines (like text lines) using DM dot line.
See Spacing multiple, DOT LINES

GðInsert space
Insert blank lines to put vertical space in document, or use these other
methods for special purposes. This space does not display on screen, except
for Print View.
KEYS: Alt L S I E or P (SS or E dot lines)
GðExtra height is useful to insert one line of space that is not a multiple of
line height, or is smaller than line height. Largest value is .67 inches.
GðPaste-in space inserts a larger amount of space for, say, an illustration.
The space is printed at top of next page if it won't fit on current page.


T-Check for misspelled words using any of four ways:
1. Automatically check words as you type
2. Check word at cursor
3. Check and display 'Guess' list of possible corrections
4. Scan forward or backward for next or prior misspelled word
Spell check normally skips two-letter words, to speed up operation.
You can set it to check two-letter words. See CUSTOMIZE

PC-Write beeps after typing an unrecognized word.
To change beep tones, or add a visual beep indicator, see CUSTOMIZE.
KEYS: Alt T S A (Alt-F2 F7)
On Off
Sp+ Sp- Status line displays plus (+) after Sp, Se, Si
Se+ Se- when auto check is on, or minus (-) when off.
Si+ Si- See Status line

T-Check word
If word is unrecognized, a number of options display.
See 'Unknown word' options
KEYS: Alt T S C (Alt-F2 F2)

T-Guess word
If word at cursor is unrecognized, then some possible corrections display.
You can then select a word and replace the one in your document using F10
(arrows scroll top line of words). Esc returns to other options.
See 'Unknown word' options
KEYS: Alt T S G (Alt-F2 F3)

T-Scan document
With cursor at top of document, scan forward to stop at each misspelling to
correct it. After stopping at first misspelling, then Grey+ or Grey- alone
scan, without having to display menu. Grey keys continue as spelling search
keys until a regular edit search is requested; then Grey keys act as text
search keys. See Searching with Grey+
KEYS: Alt T S N or P (Alt-F2 Grey+ or Grey-)
Spell Text
Sp- Se- Status line displays 'Sp' when Grey keys do spelling search,
Sp+ Se+ or 'Se' when they do regular text search. See Status line

T-'Unknown word' options
When a word is unrecognized, you are presented with several options:
T-Guess Display a list of possible corrections. See Guess word
T=Add Put this word in custom word list. See Adding words
T=Skip Ignore this word, temporarily. See Skipping words
T-Scan Leave word unchanged, and scan to next. See Scan document

T-Repeated words
If spelling scan finds a word that appears to be a repeat of the previous
word, you are presented with several options:
Edit Return to document to make your own change.
Delete Remove the duplicate word from your document.
Scan Leave document unchanged, and continue scan.
Repeated words are found only when scanning forward.

T=Skipping words
When a word is unrecognized, you can ignore all occurrences of it for rest
of edit session. You can save skipped words in a file, so they are skipped
automatically each time you use PC-Write. See Saving words

T=Adding words
When a word is unknown to the spell checker, you can put it in a user word
list, so it's recognized instead. The master word list is called WORDS.MAS.
The user list is WORDS.USE, and is created the first time you add an unrec-
ognized word. Both lists are read automatically when you check spelling.
When you exit PC-Write, you choose whether to save words added to WORDS.USE.
See Saving words
You can create or edit WORDS.USE like any other file. The word list must be
alphabetical. (Use the DOS SORT command to sort it. See DOS commands.)

You can merge the words in WORDS.USE to WORDS.MAS with the WORDS program.
To do this, have WORDS.MAS, WORDS.USE, and WORDS.EXE on the default disk or
directory. Type:
WORDS <Enter>
and follow the instructions.

T=Catching words
Although you cannot remove words from the master list, you can select
recognized words to be caught as misspelled.
Alt T S W (Alt-F2 F4) prepares to put word at cursor in a catch list.
F9 then confirms you want that word caught, or Esc cancels.
If spell scan finds a word in catch list, you can edit it or continue scan.
You can save the catch words in a file, so that they are automatically
caught each time you use PC-Write (see below).

T=Saving words
When exiting PC-Write, you're asked if you want to save words you've added,
skipped, or selected to catch in special files, so that the words and their
functions are remembered next time you use PC-Write. Words are saved in
files WORDS.USE, WORDS.SKP, or WORDS.CAT, unless you specify otherwise.
TðYou can also save word lists anytime before exiting. See Other lists

TðOther lists
Load and save word lists that have names other than PC-Write standard ones.
You may want to have several lists for different purposes, e.g. editing in
other languages. Only one list of each type (user, skip, catch) can be
used at one time. Loading another saves additions to current one. Save
additions anytime, or wait until exiting, when PC-Write automatically saves.
See Adding words, Skipping words, Catching words, Saving words
KEYS: Alt T S L (Alt-F2 F6)


Look up the meaning of a word in your document, and replace it with one
of similar meaning (synonym). Multiple senses of a word are considered.
If word at cursor is found in Thesaurus, a window shows word and senses
at top, synonyms and meaning at bottom. Senses are numbered, as is the
corresponding meaning. Selecting a different sense displays a new list
of synonyms. You can also follow the sense or synonym to find synonyms,
senses, and meanings of that word.
KEYS: Alt T M T (Alt-F2 F5)
Highlight word you like, and press F10 to replace with it. Other keystrokes:
Left or Right Arrow highlights sense (upper area), or synonym (lower area).
Up and Down Arrow move between upper and lower areas.
F10 replaces word in document with word highlighted (sense or synonym).
F9 follows highlighted word to display its senses and synonyms.
F8 returns to display senses and synonyms of original word in document.
Esc returns to document, making no changes.
F1 displays this help screen.


To check spelling of words, see SPELL CHECK.
To look up meaning and synonyms of a word, see THESAURUS.

T-Word count
Count number of bytes (file size), characters, letters, words, and average
number of letters per word. Applies for entire document or selected text.
KEYS: Alt T A W (Alt-F4 F3)

To insert current date into your document, see INSERT.
To total and insert sum of boxed numbers, see BOX OPERATIONS.
To search for next non-ASCII character, see Non-ASCII character.
To search for next matching symbol pair, see Match pair.

Change, add or remove specific characters throughout entire document.
KEYS: Alt T C (Alt-F5) then:
T=T (F4) converts embedded tabs (character 9) to enough spaces to position
text at current tab stop locations (Note: this is not reversible)
T=S (F5) replaces leading spaces on a line with single tab character;
other spaces between tab stops remain unchanged
T=L (F6) adds carriage return to lines with only line feed
T=E (F7) removes blank spaces at ends of lines
TðN (F8) removes non-Ascii characters, including entire guide lines.
Retains page breaks and hard carriage returns, as in Hard ASCII Export.
For WordPerfect, DCA, or ASCII file conversions, see FILE CONVERT.
To convert documents automatically upon opening, see CUSTOMIZE.
To convert old PC-Write files, see Import.
To remove page breaks, see Removing breaks.
To remove extra spaces in a paragraph, reformat to ASCII ragged right shape.
See Ascii only


Use your printer like a typewriter to print addresses on envelopes, fill out
a form, or to eject paper from the printer.
Typewrite a line from the keyboard and press Enter to send it to the printer.
This lets you backspace and retype if you make a mistake.
KEYS: Alt P T U (Shf-F4 F9)
If the line is already typed in document, put cursor at start of line. All
lines from cursor to next blank line print. To print just the first line,
select it first. See SELECTING TEXT
KEYS: Alt P T L (Shf-F4 F10)
PC-Write normally typewrites with no left indent. To center an address on an
envelope, or position text on a form, specify number of spaces to indent.
When done typewriting, use form feed to eject page from printer.
KEYS: Alt P T then:
I Indent (Shf-F4 F8)
F Form feed (Shf-F4 F7)


E-Delete Alt E U D (Ctl-F4) See Undelete
E=Box delete Alt E B B, Alt E U D (Ctl-F7, Ctl-F4) See BOX OPERATIONS
E-Text copy Alt E U C (F4 F4) See Undo copy
E-Text move Alt E U M (Shf-Ctl-End, F6) See Undo move
File changes Alt F U (F1 F9 F6 F10) See Undo changes
Layout changes Alt L U L (before leaving menu) See Undo layout changes


Split screen horizontally to open up to ten different viewing windows.
You can display portions of the same file or different files, and mark
and move text between them. A Window bar showing window number and current
filename displays at top of each window. One window at a time is active,
indicated by the cursor and style of window bar. All cursor and editing keys
affect only that window, until you pick another to move to. The Status line
applies to file in active window only.
To change window bar style, see CUSTOMIZE.
To set default button bar to make window editing easy, see CUSTOMIZE.

V=Open window : same file
1. Place cursor where you want to split the screen.
2. Press Alt V O S (F2 F4). New Window bar displays.
3. Press PgUp or PgDn to move to window above or below bar.
Editing or scrolling the screen affects only the window you're in.

V=Open window : different file
1. Place cursor where you want to split the screen.
2. Press Alt V O N (F2 F6).
3. Press PgUp or PgDn to move to window above or below bar.
4. Type the name of file to open in the new window, press Enter.
If later you want to keep the new window open but switch to yet another
file, you can either:
1. Split the current window again using the same procedure above, or
2. Press Alt F O (F1 F6) to close the current file and open another.
See also Zoom mode

All shortcuts for switching files apply to switching between files in
separate windows, too. See SHORTCUTS

V=Pick another window
Alt V P U or D (F2 PgUp or PgDn) moves cursor one window above or below,
making it active. For maneuvering windows using a mouse, see MOUSE.

V=Grow window
Make your window larger using one of three ways:
1. Expand current window by closing another to make more room.
2. Display a single window by closing all others in one step.
3. Zoom current window to full screen size, hiding others from view.

Make more room for current window by closing another. With just two windows
displayed, this closes window you're not in. With more than two windows, at
prompt, press PgUp or PgDn to close window directly above or below current
one, or type number of window to close.
KEYS: Alt V G E (F2 F2)

V=Single window
Close all other windows, leaving current one open.
KEYS: Alt V G S (F2 F7)

V=Zoom mode
Fill screen with current window temporarily. All other windows remain open,
but hidden from view. A window bar displays in the location of each hidden
window, allowing you to pick or close one. Picking another window in zoom
mode hides current window and fills screen with picked one. You cannot split
the screen in zoom mode. Use same keys to turn zoom mode off and on.
KEYS: Alt V G Z (F2 F5)

V=Close window
Close window containing cursor. With just two windows displayed, this fills
screen with the other window. With more than two windows, at prompt, press
PgUp or PgDn to move to window directly above or below current one, or type
number of window to go to. To close non-active windows, see Expand.
KEYS: Alt V G C (F2 F3)

V=Copy or Move text between windows : two windows in one file
1. Select text with Alt E S or Alt E B (F3 or F6, or for box, Ctl-F7).
Be sure to end marking or boxing so status is MARKED or BOXED.
2. Pick and move to another window as described above (Alt V P or F2).
3. Position cursor at copy or move location.
4. Copy text with Alt E C (F3), or
Move text Alt E M (F6).
When you return to first window, moved text is no longer there.

V=Copy text between windows : two different files
1. Select text with Alt E S or Alt E B (F3 or F6, or for box, Ctl-F7).
2. Pick and move to existing window as described above (Alt V P or F2), or
Open and move to a new window as described above (Alt V O N or F2 F6).
3. Marked text is in the hold area. Status line says Holding.
4. Position cursor at copy location.
5. Copy block with Alt E H T (F3), or
Copy box with Alt E B B then Alt E H T (Ctl-F7 then Ctl-F4).
When you return to first window, original copy is still there. To move text
between two files, first copy between files, then return to first file to
delete the original text. See also Transferring, SELECTING TEXT

List files in window
Alt F L (F1 F8 Enter) fills window with directory listing. Scroll list
with PgUp or PgDn if not all files are in view. See also List files

Write text for your own help screen here. See PC-Write Wizard's Book.

  3 Responses to “Category : Word Processors
Archive   : PCWA401B.ZIP
Filename : ED4.HLP

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  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

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