Category : Word Processors
Archive   : PCWA401B.ZIP
Filename : ED3.HLP

Output of file : ED3.HLP contained in archive : PCWA401B.ZIP

Setting via menus
Guide lines
Dot lines
Ruler lines

Layout settings via pull down menus are discussed in these help topics:
Margins, paper size, alignment, tab stops See MARGINS/TABS
Paragraph shape (justify, center, etc.), indents See PARAGRAPHS
Reformat, wrapping text to new layout settings See FORMATTING
Line height, multiple line spacing See SPACING
Typefaces, enhancing text See FONTS
Page breaks See PAGINATION
Footnotes, endnotes See FOOT/ENDNOTES
Headers, footers, page numbering See HEAD/FOOTERS
Auto numbering lines and footnotes, comment lines See INSERT
Index, Table of contents See INDEX/CONTENTS

Available PC-Write spacing measurements include:
N-c centimeters
N-i inches
N-m current line spacing
N=p points (1/72 inch)
N=r current ruler spacing
N=s sixth inches (picas)
N=t dots (300/inch)
N=u units (97,200/inch)
N-/c per centimeter
N-/i per inch
Decimal is permitted, values are generally accurate to .005
Defaults apply when no unit follows value in guide line:
vertical: sixth inches (s)
horizontal: ruler spacing (r)
Menus default to last unit set for that value (usually inches).

Guide lines control formatting. They are inserted when layout changes are
made using pull-down menus. Guide lines are either ruler lines or dot lines.
You can insert them directly instead, just like typing document text. All
begin with an Alt-G font character. Dot lines begin with an Alt-G followed
by a dot (period). Alt-G characters are not visible, but guide lines are
highlighted, and "Guide" appears in status line when cursor is on one. Guide
lines do not print. You can hide them along with other formatting codes.
See Hide/Show codes
To delete a guide line, place cursor at start and press Ctl-Enter.
To delete just the Alt-G, place cursor at start and press Bksp.

Put each dot line on its own line, preceded by Alt-G.
Upper or lower case makes no difference.
* means line breaks a paragraph.
Operation Dot line See also
Comment line ..text Comment line
Control line in text file .C:text Control files
*Endnote area, begin .DI UPDATING NOTES
*Endnote area, end .DJ "
Endnotes per series file .DP Endnotes
Endnotes for whole series .DW "
*Endnote entry, begin .DE NOTE ENTRY
*Footnote entry, begin .DB "
*Foot/endnote entry, end .DQ "
*Footnote file .DF:file
*Footnote header (fence) .DH:text Footnotes
*Footnote line height .DS:length Footnote spacing
*Footnote spacing multiple .DM:number Footnote spacing
Font, Footnote, start .RD:letter FONTS
Font, Footnote, quit .QD:letter "
Font, start Regular font .R:letter "
Font, quit Regular font .Q:letter "
Font, quit all (obsolete) .QQ "
Font, Footer, start .RF:letter "
Font, Footer, quit .QF:letter "
Font, Header, start .RH:letter "
Font, Header, quit .QH:letter "
Footer line, all pages .F:text HEAD/FOOTERS
Footer line, left pages .FL:text "
Footer line, right pages .FR:text "
Footer suppress, one page .FN "
Footer lines, quit all .FQ "
Footer left margin .FI:length Header/footer margins
" " " (obsolete) .XF:length "
Footer right margin .FJ:length "
Footer line height .FS:length Header/footer spacing
Header line, all pages .H:text HEAD/FOOTERS
Header line, left pages .HL:text "
Header line, right pages .HR:text "
Header suppress, one page .HN "
Header lines, quit all .HQ "
Header left margin .HI:length Header/footer margins
" " " (obsolete) .XH:length "
Header right margin .HJ:length "
" " " (obsolete) .HW:length "
Header line height .HS:length Header/footer spacing
Index entry .I:text INDEX/CONTENTS
Index area, start .II "
Index area, end .IJ "
Index file .IF:file "
Index width (obsolete) .IW:length
Index symbol (obsolete) .IX:number
Include ASCII codes .TT:n,n,...
*Include user line .U:prompt User line entry
* " " " (obsolete) .U "
*Include graphics file .TI:length Print image
*Include partial page .TP:file Other file
*Include full pages .TF:file "
* " " " (obsolete) .T:file "
*Include file length .TL:length "
*Keep file length on page .EL:length "
*Keep block on page, begin .EB Force breaks
*Keep block on page, quit .EQ "
*Keep next lines on page .EK:number "
*Keep blank space on page .E:length Insert space
Line height, one line only .SS:length "
Line height, all lines .S:length Line height
Line height, blank lines .SB:length "
Line height, text lines .ST:length "
Line spacing multiple .M:number SPACING
Margin, Top .XT:length MARGINS/TABS
Margin, Top First page +/- .XU:length "
Margin, Bottom .XB:length "
Margin, Left .XI:length "
" " (obsolete) .X:length "
Margin, Right .XJ:length "
Margin, No unprintable .XN "
Margin, Yes unprintable .XY "
Margin, Binding .XS:length Paper use
Margin, Leftpage (obsolete).XL:length "
Margin, Rightpage " .XR:length "
Page, Length .L:length Paper size
Page, Width .W:length "
Page, start orphan control .PB Force breaks
" " " (obsolete) .EA "
Page, quit orphan control .PQ "
" " " (obsolete) .EN "
Page, force lefthand .PL:text "
Page, force righthand .PR:text "
Page, portrait printing .WP Paper use
Page, landscape printing .WL "
Page, single sided .PS "
Page, double sided .PD "
Page number, this page .N:number Set page number
Page number, adjust next .N:+number "
Print, output to file .O:filename Print to disk
*Reformat protect, begin N (mini-ruler) Control reformat
* " " (obsolete) .-
*Reformat protect, end Y (mini-ruler) "
* " " (obsolete) .+
Table Of Contents entry .K:text INDEX/CONTENTS
TOC area, start .KI "
TOC area, end .KJ "
Table Of Contents file .KF:file "

A ruler is a guide line that sets paragraph shapes, indents, tabs and
reformat control. When you change layout using pull-down menus, rulers are
inserted. Each starts with an invisible Alt-G, and contains capital letters
used by PC-Write, and lower case letters, dashes and so on for your own
reference. To change the look of ruler lines, see CUSTOMIZE.
Rulers break paragraphs. If you want text to wrap across a ruler (e.g. to
run around illustration space), put an "O" letter anywhere in the ruler.

N=Edit rulers directly to set functions not available in menus, like decimal
tabs or tab stops that are not equally spaced. Bring up current ruler line,
make changes, then:
Press F2 to replace current ruler with this changed one, or
Press F4 to embed this ruler at cursor, leaving current one alone.
The current ruler is the most recent ruler, embedded or in a control file.
When you've changed your ruler line, existing paragraphs are not affected
until you reformat them (unless you're using auto-reformat mode).
KEYS: Alt L M U E (Ctl-F2)
N=You can edit rulers in different locations, without going there first.
Grey+ while at ruler menu makes the next ruler line the current ruler.
Grey- while at ruler menu makes the prior ruler line the current ruler.
Shf-Grey+ makes final ruler line embedded in file the current ruler.
Shf-Grey- makes default ruler line the current ruler.
You can then make changes and end with F2 or F4, as above.

Ruler shading
When ruler displays at screen top or when editing with Ctl-F2, shading
extends between current indents to indicate text width. See Top lines
To display it permanently, see CUSTOMIZE.
If shading looks incorrect, you may have a temporary indent set.
See Temporary indent
Mini-rulers are shortcut rulers with just an Alt-G guide line character
followed by a shape or reformatting letter, such as C, F, R, A, N, or Y.

Ruler spacing
Every character position on ruler corresponds to a final printed position.
The digits in the ruler show inch positions from left edge of paper. If
you're printing in a fixed-width (monospace) font, the width of a ruler
space matches the width of the font; paragraphs on screen line up under the
indent positions. With a variable-width (proportional) font, the ruler
spacing is fixed at 10 spaces per inch by default; paragraphs on screen may
extend past right indent (though they print at right indent position). You
can fix the ruler spacing to any width.

NðWhen editing in columns, Ruler spacing applies to all columns across.
If ruler is non-standard, you cannot set it through the menus (edit ruler
directly). See Column rulers

Ruler letters and symbols
A Auto-reformat always
B Bell margin
C Center text shape
D Decimal tab
F Flush right shape
H Floating auto-indent, first line negative
I Floating auto-indent, first line positive
J Justify right shape
K left indent, forced
L Left indent
N Never reformat
O Permit reformat around ruler
P Paragraph indent for first line
R Ragged right shape
S Spring shape
T Tab stop
V Column separator
Y Reformat follows Status line (Alt L M R A or Shf-F7)
| Right margin, program sets ruler spacing
! Right margin, user sets ruler spacing
@ Ruler spacing, Ex. @10i
$ number of equal columns
* equal column width.separation
+ unequal column width.separation (r, l, o, i for printed placement)

NðColumn rulers
Each column has own indent, shape and reformat control letters. Separation
space between columns is set with multiple "V" letters (four V's minimum).
Ruler spacing applies to all columns across. Sample rulers:
2 equal columns
L---T----1----T----2----YRVVVVL---T----4----T----5----YRVVVV|@10/i $2*25.4
2 equal columns, first column has indents
--L-T----1----T----2--YR--VVVVL---T----4----T----5----YRVVVV|@10/i $2*25.4
See Ruler letters and symbols


A=Record a series of keys to run later with a single keystroke called a macro.
Or, put macro in button displayed on button bar. Handy for editing or
formatting you use often or repeatedly. Mouse operations cannot be recorded.
Start recording with Alt A K R (Alt-F3 F4, or Ctl-@).
The Status line shows RECORD. Press keys for steps you want to record.
End recording with Alt A K R (Alt-F3 F4, or Ctl-@).
Playback sequence with Alt A K P (Alt-F3 F3, or Grey*).
When recording in menus, use the + and - keys in dialog menus rather than
Spacebar, if you want to set rather than toggle.

A=Playback repeatedly
Press a single key to repeat the macro over and over until the end of file.
First, end recording with repeat option, then playback as usual. Macro goes
till end of file reached unless search finds no text, move or delete reaches
line end, or memory runs out. Press any key to cancel playback anytime.
KEYS: Alt A K O (Alt-F3 F3, or Grey*) See also Repeat a key

A=Assign key
After recording, assign macro to any key you don't use for another purpose
(e.g. Ctl key with a letter, like Ctl-P, for a print macro).
KEYS: Alt A K K A (Alt-F3 F5 F5)
Save the macro in ED.DEF or another control file you specify. Otherwise, the
macro and its assignment cancels when you exit. See Control files
You can assign macro to a button instead. See Buttons
For a quick way to assign a phrase to a key, see CUSTOMIZE.

A=Unassign key
Unassign cancels the macro assignment (deletes it from ED.DEF) and restores
its default function (unless PC-Write predefines it, e.g. Ctl-letter keys).
KEYS: Alt A K U (Alt-F3 F5 F6)

A=Numbers mode
Press Alt A K N (Ctl-^) to have keys pressed insert code number.
Press Ctl-^ to return to normal editing.

AðRepeat a key
Repeat a keystroke a fixed number of times to speed editing or text entry.
For example, use this to enter exactly 75 dashes, or move forward 7 pages.
KEYS: Alt A K K R (Alt-F3 F5 F8) See also Playback repeatedly

Display a line of buttons near top of screen which each perform a macro.
The button bar doesn't display unless you have a mouse or you turn it on.
See Top lines. You don't have to display the button bar to use it.
Activate button bar with Ctl-Alt. Select buttons with arrows or letter, like
menus. Enter on button performs macro (or click with mouse). See MOUSE
PC-Write has a default button bar for document editing. With hints turned
on, a description of each default button action displays. See Hint line
You can remove or change buttons to make the bar useful for your needs.
Other preset button bars are available. See CUSTOMIZE

AðChange buttons
Remove a button you aren't using, to make room for another one. Add a button
for the currently recorded keystroke sequence (record first). See MACROS
PC-Write gives it the name you specify (end with a space to match defaults)
and inserts it to right of last button highlighted (to control placement,
highlight button to left before adding). If you give name of an existing
button, just the action of the button changes. Any name is OK, but use a
unique capital first letter, so you can letter select quickly (not necessary
if you use mouse). If you add or remove buttons, you can save the revised
bar in an edit control file (ED.DEF).


The blank border at all edges of document pages can be set separately
for top, bottom, left and right. Text prints just inside border.
You can reposition text inside border by sliding and aligning it at
tab stops, or setting an indent or shape. See PARAGRAPHS
To reformat text to margins or indents, see FORMATTING.
See also LAYOUT

N-Page setup
Set blank margin bordering top/bottom/left/right of pages. Margin shows only
when printing, though ruler numbering follows margin settings. Values
include printer's unprintable area of page to assure exact amount.
N=First page of document can have extra top margin (e.g. for title or logo).
N=Set a positive or negative value to add to regular top margin.
KEYS: Alt L M P T or B or L or R or F (XT/XB/XI/XJ/XU dot lines)
If text is selected, this menu is not available.
To ignore unprintable area, use XN dot line. See DOT LINES

NðHeader/footer margins
Normally, headers and footers have same margins as rest of page. You can set
them different. See also HEAD/FOOTERS
KEYS: Alt L M P H L or R (HI/HJ/FI/FJ dot lines)

NðPaper use
Text placement on page varies with kind of document. In books printed on
both sides of pages, even numbered pages appear on left, odd on right.
NðRight/left pages format is useful in this case. Binding margin, blank
page insertion, and header/footer placement is affected by this format.
See Left/right headers, Force left/right page
KEYS: Alt L M P P R (PS/PD dot lines)
NðBinding margin is fastening area at edge of paper. For one-sided documents,
this adds to left margin. For two-sided documents (with left/right pages)
it adds to inside margin (left of odd pages, right of even pages).
KEYS: Alt L M P P B (XS dot line)
Portrait orientation means paper is narrower than it is high (common usage).
NðLandscape orientation means paper is wider than it is high. Useful for wide
tables or reports. Printing rotates each page ninety degrees (if printer
can). Don't change sheet size setting when you change orientation.
KEYS: Alt L M P P P or L (WP/WL dot lines)

N-Paper size
Paper width is distance left to right, and length is distance top to bottom.
KEYS: Alt L M P S W or L (W/L dot lines)
To change orientation of text on page, see Paper use.
To set A4 paper size, see CUSTOMIZE.

N-Tab stops
Alt L M T T sets an equal distance (interval) between tab stops.
Tab stops on ruler line show as letter 'T', and are left aligned.
N=You can set tabs at unequal distances by directly editing the ruler line.
NðIn column mode, you can only enter tab stops directly.
N=1. Place cursor at line where you want tab stops to begin.
N=2. Press Alt L M U E (Ctl-F2) to view and edit current ruler.
N=3. Type capital T's at desired locations. (Or type D's - see Decimal tab)
N=4. Press F4 to insert new ruler with changes into document.
See Ruler lines

Tabbed text in a fixed-width font prints at position shown on screen. But
text in variable-width (proportional) font won't, without aligning it first.
See Alignment and FONTS

Tab (or Shf-Tab) key moves cursor to next (or prior) indent or tab stop.
Text does not move automatically with cursor to tab stop. It can, if you
change Tab key function. See CUSTOMIZE

N=Decimal tab stops align the decimal, instead of left text edge, at tab stop.
Typing at decimal tab pushes text to left until decimal character is typed;
characters after decimal push to right. Handy for table of numbers. Setting
a decimal tab requires editing the ruler line, and placing a capital 'D' at
location for decimal. See procedure above, under Tab stops.
To set comma or period as decimal character, see CUSTOMIZE.

Text in a variable-width (proportional) font must be aligned with a special
character in order to print correctly when not positioned at left indent.
Alt L M A A aligns word (or boxed text) at cursor along left side. To align
a column of text, box select it first. See SELECTING TEXT

N=You can align a word or column of text without selecting it, by pressing
Alt-A at the start of each leftmost word. Alt-A aligns and moves cursor to
next line; so when aligning a column, start with the first line in column.

N=Sliding text
Shift position of multiple line text, or selected text. Slide each line
right or left the same amount by setting a slide count.
KEYS: Alt L M A then:
S sets slide count. Set this before sliding.
R slides line or selected text to the right.
L slides line or selected text to the left.
Sliding actually inserts or deletes spaces at cursor. When sliding right,
text pushes right from cursor. Sliding left pulls text toward cursor. When
text reaches cursor, the sliding stops (even if it hasn't moved the entire
slide count), which prevents deleting text.
N=To slide selected text without using menus:
Press Shf-Ins (to slide right) or Shf-Del (to slide left).
A prompt displays to allow you to enter the slide count amount.

Note that once text is positioned where you want it, it may need to be
aligned with a special character before printing. See Alignment
For other ways to move text, see COPY/MOVE TEXT.


Use a mouse or the keyboard to navigate menus and invoke options. Pressing
the Alt key displays/activates menu bar (or just activates it if you choose
to display it always). Hint lines give brief descriptions. See Top lines
For mouse operations at menus, see MOUSE.
To add or drop items from menus, see ADAPT FEATURES.
You can have the Esc key (instead of Alt) display menus. See CUSTOMIZE

To view different menus and highlight items, use Arrow and Alt keys.
Right Arrow Move from parent to submenu
Left Arrow Move from submenu to parent
Alt once Return to main menu bar, exits if there
Quick select items by pressing first letter. Ex. Alt F S for File Save.
Speed keys are listed on right of menu. Use these when not in menus, to
bypass menus.

Menu item types
Each type is distinguished by the symbol(s) beside item name:
Parent ÿ Has a submenu; see Submenus
Action . Invoking brings immediate action, usually leaving menus
Text entry ... Invoking displays a Top line prompt, where you type text
Radio button (ÿ) Only one of group can be active (the one with the dot)

Check box [X] Many in group can be active, 'X' means active
Number entry : You type numeric value
[bracketed] Not available until you do something else (e.g. mark/box)
ÆNon-profile Not in your profile, but available while 'All features on'
See All features on

To invoke items and/or exit menus See also Quick select
Sets check box or radio button, does not exit menus
Invokes action item, usually exits menu
On check box or radio button, accepts what's set, exits menu
Invokes text entry item following text entry
Invokes parent item, moves to submenu
On number entry item, begins entry mode - See Number entry
Exit menus one level at a time, invoke settings when menus clear
On check box, radio button, or entry item, cancels single change
Alt twice
Exit menus, invoke changed settings
Exit menus, cancel changed settings

With parent item highlighted, submenu displays and is active. Quick select
by pressing first letter of submenu item, or press Enter or Right Arrow to
move highlight to submenu. Left Arrow (or Esc, if current item is
unchanged), returns to parent.
Number entry
Most numbers must be positive values. Items that allow negative ones show
'+/-'. Type a minus sign before negative number. When done typing number,
press Enter to complete. You can type a measurement unit, though it's not
necessary unless using a unit that's not the default. Pressing Enter again
exits and invokes all menu changes.

Cancel an item change before leaving menus by pressing Esc on that item.
This restores the old value.
Undo layout changes in one step with Alt L U L before leaving menus.
This cancels all changes made while in layout menu, restoring old values.
To undo all changes to document since last save, see Undo changes.


Merging combines data from an input file (e.g. names and addresses) with a
template document (e.g. form letter) to create a series of output documents.
Use merge to produce personalized letters, mailing labels, or invoices.

1. Create the Input file. See Input file
2. Create the Template document. See Template document
3. Press Alt P M I (Shf-F3 F9) in the Template document.
4. Type Input filename, press Enter.
5. Press A (F10) to merge and print all data records. See All records

Set the type of field separation format of your input file through the
menus, or in your template document (recommended). See Input file
Merged output can go directly to printer, or to a file on disk. You can edit
the file if desired, then print as usual with Alt P A.
KEYS: Alt P M S P or M (Shf-F3 F3)
When you merge to an existing output file, you can add next records to end
of that file, or write over the existing file instead.
If you run out of room on the disk to which you're sending your output, you
can cancel merging or continue with a new output file location. You may just
specify another drive or directory on a hard disk, or insert and specify a
floppy disk with more room.

M=All records
Combining and printing all records in the input file in one step is the
simplest way to merge. Esc cancels the merge process once it's started.
KEYS: Alt P M A (Shf-F3 F4)
See also One record

M=One record
Before merging all records, it's helpful to print a sample record to check
that it prints as you expect. Use Alt P M O (Shf-F3) then these steps:
1. T (F4) merges first record, displays it on screen.
2. P (F8) prints current merged record.
3. Q (F6) quits the merge, returns to document.
To merge several trial records, repeat steps 1 and 2 before doing step 3.
MðIf merging with conditionals, you can view a record matching conditions.
See Conditionals
MðMerge record by record if you want to view or edit each along the way.
1. I (F7) combines first record, displays on screen. If you want to skip it,
press I again to continue to next record. See also Conditionals
2. E (F5) allows you to make changes to document without changing template.
(Don't save or switch files while editing - it quits the merge process.)
Status line shows 'Merging'. Return from editing with Alt P M (Shf-F3).
3. P (F8) prints current record.
Repeat steps above for all records, or merge All remaining records at once.
MðMerge from keyboard to fill in forms, or to merge without an input file.
Set prompts and zero length fields in input template.
See Advanced templates

Input file
This file contains records (e.g. clients on mailing list) each comprised of
fields (e.g. name, address, city) to be merged with your letter, form, or
labels. Create an Input file with PC-Write or export one from a data base
program. PC-Write accepts 3 Input file formats:
comma has all fields listed on one line per record, each separated by comma
line has one field per line, with a specific number of lines per record
fixed has a fixed number of bytes per field (some databases create this one)
You can specify comma or line format via the menus, or in the template
document itself. For line format, specify the number of fields (lines) per
record. Comma separated format sets '0' fields per record.
KEYS: Alt P M S C or L (Shf-F3 F3)

When creating an Input file:
* A field can be empty, but its place must be held to keep fields in order.
In line format, leave empty line. In comma format, leave extra comma.
* If a field in comma format contains an actual comma, the field must be
surrounded by double quotes: "Dan Pike, M.D.", Seattle, WA
* Every record must have same number of fields.
* The Input file can have any number of records.
* Maximum Input field length is 255 characters.

Template document
This is a formatted document that contains place holders to show where
fields from the Input file should go. Place holder is the field number
inside curly braces, e.g. second field in a record is {2}. It can be
embedded anywhere in text, or on line by itself. Indicate the input file
format by placing one of these indicators at top of template document:
{=5} for line separated format (this example has 5 lines per record)
{} for comma separated format (empty braces)
MðMore complex templates can be used. See Advanced templates

M=Example Input file (comma-separated)
Jane Doe,"Accounts Receivable, Portland",235008
Susan Ho,"Marketing, Main Office",289445
Example Template document
³ To: {1}
³ Dept: {2}
³ The Personnel Dept. has assigned a new personnel number. Please use this
³ number on all memos. Your number is {3}.

Output document produced by merging example Input and Template files above:
³ To: Jane Doe
³ Dept: Accounts Receivable, Portland
³ The Personnel Dept. has assigned a new personnel number. Please use this
³ number on all memos. Your number is 235008.

MðAdvanced templates
The template document can contain two separate parts. The input template
describes input file format. The output template contains the formatted
document and its place holders. Separate the input and output templates with
the input file format indicator. See Template document

MðInput template
List every field in record, each on its own line, in one of three formats:
Type Example Format
line {name} {fieldname}
comma {name,} {fieldname,}
fixed {name:15} {fieldname:length}
Field name is a single lower-case word (no spaces).
MðAdvanced options Format Example
Interchange words ~ after field {fullname~,)
Keep leading blanks # before field {#city,}
Keep trailing blanks # after field {name#,}
Default text for empty field = after brace {num}= unknown
Prompt at empty field ? after brace {name}?Enter name
Prompt for keyboard merge ? after brace {name:0}?Enter name
Have PC-Write test fields for matching conditions, e.g. certain ZIP codes.
Sym Condition
== equal to
<> not equal to
< less than
> greater than
>= " " or equal to
<= less " " " "
Value can be numeric or textual. Numeric skips currency symbol, thousands
separator, and/or decimal point. Textual ignores letter case. Conditions
follow prompt and default value. With several conditions, all must be true
in order to select record. Examples:
{zip} >=30000 <40000
{status} ==Single

MðOutput template
Place holders are identical to field names in input template, but do not
have the comma or field length. Use capitals in place holder if you want
lower case text in input file capitalized (not needed if already capitals).
MðAdvanced options Format Example
align left < before field { align right > before field {>city}
reformat during merge + after field {company+}
delete line if field empty - after field {address2-}
" " " " " and / after field {address3/}
add blank line to end of output

MðExample Template File
³ {name,}
³ {dept,}
³ {personnel,}
³ {}
³ To: {NAME}
³ Dept: {dept}
³ The Personnel Dept. has assigned a new personnel number. Please use this
³ number on all memos. Your number is {personnel}.

See PC-Write Reference Manual for merge tutorial and more merge examples.


Use mouse to invoke items from menus, button bar, Top line, Help, Thesaurus,
Directory or Tutorial. Also select text, move cursor, scroll document, or
switch between windows. The Customizer does not respond to mouse actions.

When you open a file, the mouse pointer displays at top corner of screen. It
fades from view within 5 seconds if you're not using it. It reappears
immediately when you move the mouse.
To change fade timing and other mouse characteristics, see CUSTOMIZE.

Key for below
L = left button
R = right button
L+R = both buttons
mid = middle button
double = left double-click

At pull-down menus
Menu bar displays always, by default, if you use a mouse. If it's not there,
see Top lines to set it. If you don't want to display it always, just
click on 'Alt:menu' at left of Status line when you want to display it.
For description of item types mentioned below, see Menu item types.
L click
on parent item, displays menu or submenu
invokes action item
turns radio button on
turns check box on/off
selects item for number or text entry
L drag and release
acts like left click
invokes action item, clears menus
on parent item, just clears menus
turns radio button on, clears menus
turns check box on/off, clears menus
R click
when on unchanged item, moves to parent item
when on changed item, restores old value
VðOn button bar
click invokes button
Outside menus or button bar, while active:
click leaves menus/bar, returns to editing

While editing
L click Moves cursor, retains marking/boxing (if any)
R click Moves cursor, clears marking/boxing (if any)
Shf-L Extend marking
Shf-R Extend boxing
L double Marks word
L drag Marks text
R drag Boxes text
L+R drag Scrolls
mid drag Scrolls
To swap button assignments for mark/box or keep/clear, see CUSTOMIZE.

V=Between windows
Clicking in other window goes to window, doing button action wanted.
Clicking on window bar goes to window, moves cursor to last place.
Help/tutorial windows
Clicking on window bar item invokes action.
Clicking on trigger item within window jumps to target topic.
T=Thesaurus window
Clicking on word highlights it. Clicking on window bar item invokes action.


Breaking your document into pages can be done automatically, or manually -
requiring you to press keys to update paging (repage). Both insert page
breaks (Soft Breaks) whose position may adjust upon repage. You can also
insert explicit (Hard) breaks, which do not shift position upon repage.
To change page number for a page, see Set page number below.
To establish page numbering, see HEAD/FOOTERS.

Page breaks display on non-printing line. In Hide mode, they display as
dashed line, explicit breaks are double dashed. See Hide/Show codes
To change look of break lines, see CUSTOMIZE.

Q-Automatic paging inserts and adjusts break lines as you edit document.
Alt L P A (Alt-F7 F3) turns auto-page on or off.
To set permanently, see CUSTOMIZE.

Q-Manual paging adjusts break lines only when you ask for it. Repage entire
document in one step, or stop to view and fine tune each one along the way.
KEYS: Alt L P (Alt-F7) then:
D (F5) repages entire document (cursor can be anywhere).
M (F5) repages within marked text (mark text first).
Q=B displays options for repaging page By page:
I (F7) adjusts and views next break location. From there, either
1. Press I (F7) again to accept break location and view next. OR:
2. Use S (Shf-PgUp) to move page break up to shorten page. Then
Use H (F8) to make break explicit (Hard) so it never adjusts.
Use L (Shf-PgDn) after shortening, for moving break back down.
Caution: Don't move break below original spot, or you get an extra break.
F (F6) is like I (F7), but fills page with blank lines to Hard Break or end
of file. This shows how much room is left. (cannot fill to Soft Break).
Other available keystrokes for By page process are:
U (PgUp) Scrolls screen to view line above
D (PgDn) Scrolls screen to view line below
P (Ctl-PgUp) Jumps to prior break
N (Ctl-PgDn) Jumps to next break

Q-Inserting breaks
KEYS: Alt L P I then:
H (Alt-T) inserts Hard Break (does not adjust upon repage).
Q=S (Shf-Alt-T) inserts Soft Break (may adjust upon repage).
To insert breaks for whole file in step by step process, see By page.
Break lines (even Hard Breaks) do not end paragraphs, so text may reformat
or justify around them. To prevent this, see Break paragraph.

QðIn column mode, you can insert a break that also breaks the column. PC-Write
inserts a column break, then a hard break, before the line at cursor.
KEYS: Alt L P I C (Ctl-Alt-T Alt-T)

Q-Removing breaks
Alt L P R (Alt-F7 F9) deletes all page breaks in document.

QðForce breaks
Repaging normally determines soft breaks based only on page length. You can
force soft breaks based on more complex conditions. Use a hard break if you
want to force a break no matter what the conditions. See Inserting breaks

QðOrphan control
Force all occurrences of an isolated text line at bottom of page to top of
next page. Use this to keep the first lines of paragraphs on the same page
as rest of paragraph, and section headings with their sections. There is no
control for isolated lines at the top of a page (widows).
KEYS: Alt L P F A (PB/PQ dot lines)

QðKeep block on one page
If there isn't enough room for a text block on bottom of page, repage
inserts a soft break before the text. Use this for tables or diagrams
that can't be split. Mark the block first.
KEYS: Alt L P F D (EB/EQ dot lines)

QðKeep lines on one page
If the block you want to keep together will not change size with revisions,
specify number of lines from cursor forward (instead of marking it).
Use this if you want first few lines of a paragraph kept on one page.
KEYS: Alt L P F K (EK dot line)
QðForce left/right page
Force a blank page to be printed if next page is not right- or left-handed
(as desired). Use this for first page of chapters. Specify line of text to
be printed on blank page (if any), e.g. "this page intentionally blank".
KEYS: Alt L P F L or R (PL/PR dot lines)

Q=Set page number
Reset number for current page, and increment following pages from here. Page
numbers print only if you set them in a header or footer. See HEAD/FOOTERS
KEYS: Alt L P P (N dot line)

QðSkip next number
Skip one or more numbers in the normal sequence when you include pages in
your document from another source. Normal value is +1 (to skip one page,
use +2 so that, e.g., the page following page 12 becomes 12 + 2 = 14).
KEYS: Alt L P N (N+ dot line)



Change the look or horizontal positioning of paragraphs when reformatted.
After setting changes, existing paragraphs are not affected until you
reformat them (unless you're using auto-reformat mode).

Reserve extra horizontal space between text and margin. Use left and right
indents to set apart quoted or special text. Place cursor anywhere in
paragraph to begin indenting at start of paragraph. Value set stays in
effect until reset later in document. To set indent for just one or a group
of paragraphs, mark paragraphs first. See SELECTING TEXT
To indent only the first line of paragraphs, enter positive or negative
number, which adds to left indent to make indented or outdented paragraphs.
KEYS: Alt L M I L or R or F (L or R or P in ruler)
To enter measurement other than default (inch), type unit after number.
See Measurements

NðWhen editing in columns, if ruler is non-standard, you cannot set indent
through the menus (edit ruler directly). See Column rulers

N-Temporary indent
Use this quick indent for files without formatting (such as justification).
Printing justified text requires that you set permanent indents.
Ctl-[ sets left indent at cursor. Ctl-[, anywhere later, releases it.
Ctl-] sets right indent at cursor. Ctl-], anywhere later, releases it.
Ctl-\ sets paragraph indent at cursor. Ctl-\, anywhere later, releases it.
Ruler line shading widens or narrows to reflect temporary indent location.
Status line displays temporary indent symbol at left of reformat status.
Temporary indents cannot be used when editing in column mode.
See Status line, Ruler shading

NðTagged indents
Use tagged indents to align printed position of label at the left of body of
paragraph, such as a bullet, number, or heading. Tag is treated separately
from body text, and can be right or left aligned. To line up tags, line up
their aligned characters on screen. Only necessary for proportional fonts.
KEYS: Alt L M I V L or R (P-E or P-G in ruler)

NðFloating indents
Use when typing paragraphs with similar indent type, (indented vs. block vs.
outdented or hanging) but different indent amount, such as for an outline.
Wordwrap starts text at the prior line's indent (instead of ruler's left
indent). For block paragraphs with bodies at different left indents, use
either indented or outdented floating indent.
KEYS: Alt L M I V I or O (I or H in ruler)

Defines format of paragraph text with respect to margins/indents.
Place cursor anywhere in paragraph to begin shape at start of paragraph.
Value set stays in effect until reset later in document. To set shape for
just one or a group of paragraphs, mark lines first. See SELECTING TEXT
All shapes except Ragged may insert Soft Spaces to position text on screen.
Printing replaces Soft Spaces with finely tuned spacing (micro-spacing).
Proportional text may not look aligned on screen, but prints correctly.
KEYS: Alt L M S then:
N-R (R in ruler) Ragged is simplest form, text aligned left, unaligned right
N-J (J in ruler) Justify aligns left/right sides, except last line
N=C (C in ruler) Center positions text along midline between left/right side
N=F (F in ruler) Flush aligns text on right, unaligned on left (ragged left)
N=S (S in ruler) Spring aligns single lines left/right from spring point
Spring point is a soft space (Shf-Ctl-Space), which you must enter in
document (can have more than one). Useful for table of contents, to spring
heading to left, page number to right.

NðWhen editing in columns, if ruler is non-standard, you cannot set shape
through the menus (edit ruler directly). See Column rulers

N-Ascii only shapes affect single or marked lines. See SELECTING TEXT
Soft Spaces, which are non-ASCII characters, are not inserted for ASCII
shapes. Instead, normal spaces are inserted/deleted to position text. ASCII
shapes other than Ragged right print correctly only with fixed-width fonts.
KEYS: Alt L M S A then:
N=R (Shf-Ctl-F8) Ragged right - See Shape for descriptions
N=J (Shf-Alt-F8) Justify
N-C (Shf-F8) Center
N=F (Ctl-F8) Flush right
N=S (Ctl-Alt-F8) Spring (adds spaces at cursor to force text)
N=Use ASCII Ragged to 'undo' other ASCII shapes, such as Center or Justify.

  3 Responses to “Category : Word Processors
Archive   : PCWA401B.ZIP
Filename : ED3.HLP

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: