Category : Word Processors
Archive   : PCWA401B.ZIP
Filename : ED1.HLP

Output of file : ED1.HLP contained in archive : PCWA401B.ZIP
Using help  Editing keys  Index/contents  Paragraphs  Thesaurus 
Adapt features  File basics  Insert  Printing  Tools 
Basic editing  File convert  Layout  Problems  Typewriter 
Box operations  File manage  Macros  Screen display  Undo 
Characters  Fonts  Margins/tabs  Search/replace  Window split
Columns  Foot/endnotes  Menus  Selecting text   
Copy/move text  Formatting  Merge print  Shorthand   
Customize  Going places  Mouse  Spacing   
Deleting text  Head/footers  Pagination  Spell check   


While editing, press Alt H C (F1 F1) for help related to text at cursor.
For example, if cursor is on a special character, you get help about it.
Or, if you're in the middle of an editing task, the related topic displays.
To ignore context, and just display Index of topics, press Alt H I instead.
At menus, press Shf-F1 at any item to view a brief hint. See Top lines
Or, press F1 to view help screen for that item, which gives more details.
Use the PgDn and PgUp keys to scroll a long help screen, like this one.
Shifted PgDn and PgUp keys scroll a screenfull at once.

At the Index, use Arrow keys to highlight a topic (trigger).
Then press the Enter key to jump to screen for that topic (target).
To exit Help and return to editing, press Esc.

Subtopics sometimes display in a list on first page of topic.
Highlight items using Right Arrow, press Enter to jump to subtopic.
Cross references allow you to jump to related topics in help screen.
Use Right or Left Arrow to highlight the next or prior cross reference
then press Enter to jump to topic.
Jump to Index by pressing Home.
Jump to first page of topic by pressing Ctl-PgUp.
Jump to prior topic by pressing Ctl-PgUp when at first page.
Jump to next topic page by pressing Ctl-PgDn.

Keystroke format
Alt L M P press and release the Alt key, then L, then M, then P
Shf-Ctl-Enter press and hold Shf and Ctl while pressing Enter
F1 F3 press F1 then press F3
Alt-F2 F3 press and hold Alt, press F2, release Alt, press F3
Up/DnArrow press Up Arrow or Down Arrow

Filename format
The instructions in these Help screens are for any computer. Most prompts on
these screens use the generic "filename" in place of an actual filename.
Place a disk drive specification, like "A:", or pathname, like "\pcw\" in
front of a filename if necessary. For instance if a file is on the disk in
the B drive, type "B:filename"; if a file is in the subdirectory \pcw\doc on
your hard disk, type "C:\pcw\doc\filename".

Adopt a feature
Add a feature to your profile from help screen. When a topic has double bars
on left edge of viewing window, it means that feature is not in your current
profile. Press F9 to add the feature. See Set profile

Press Alt H T (Ctl-F1) to view lessons about PC-Write. Read and practice
any lessons (or just browse them) and exit at any time. Use same keys as
available in help screen to scroll or jump. See USING HELP

With tutorial on screen, press Ctl-F1 to return to your practice file.
Tutorial screen remains displayed for your reference. Scroll tutorial text
with Shf-PgDn or Shf-PgUp. Jump back to tutorial window by pressing Ctl-F1.
Quit tutorial with Esc in tutorial window, or Ctl-F1 Esc from practice file.
To print tutorial, see CUSTOMIZE.

Help on a floppy system
If you're loading help or the tutorial on a floppy drive system, you may
have to remove your document disk from the drive in order to insert the help
disk. Be sure to reinsert your document disk before leaving help/tutorial.


Add or drop features from menus to tailor PC-Write to your needs. Menu
topics for which no features are available in current profile say 'None'.
See Set profile, Save profile, All features on

Feature sets: (use Right Arrow then Enter to see contents)

Set profile
Using pull-down menu:
1. Press Alt A P then select feature set to adapt.
2. Spacebar scrolls between core/basic/standard/advanced level.
This adds all features at level selected, and removes any at higher levels.

Using help:
1. Move with Up or Down Arrow key to line with feature desired.
2. Press F9 to adopt the feature. See Adopt a feature
This adds the feature, along with all features in the set at the same level
as the feature adopted.

FILE features
Core level See FILE BASICS
Exit Closes document, exits PC-Write program
Save Writes document to disk
Undo changes Clears any changes made since last Save
F- Basic level
F- Open/create Closes current document, opens another one
F- List & open Lists files in directory, you pick one to open
F- New name Changes name of current file
F= Convert Import file not in current PC-Write format
F= Export file to another format
F= Manage Copy file, erase file, or rename file on disk
F= DOS Shell to DOS, run DOS command
Fð Advanced level
Fð Manage Change DOS path, prefix for names, update directory notes ed.dir

EDIT features
Delete text Delete word, line, character
Push/Over mode Change between pushright typing or overtyping
Box characters Draw boxes with single or double lines
Accent key Enter letters with inflections or special symbols
E- Select text Mark word, line, block, sentence, paragraph, document
E- Move text Move text to another location
E- Copy text Copy text to cursor
E- Delete text Delete selected text
E- Undo Undelete, uncopy, or unmove text
E- File insert Insert all text of another file at cursor
E- Hold transfer Copy selected text between files
E= Box select Mark rectangle of text to move/copy/delete
E= Frame text Draw single or double line frame around selected box
E= Copy to file Copy text to another file, replacing contents
E= Append to file Copy text to end of another file
E= Insert date Insert current date at cursor
E= Letter case Change upper/lower case for character
E= Transpose Swap character with one on left or right
Eð Advanced level
Eð Hold operations Copy/append/insert/erase text in hold area
Eð Box total Total boxed numbers, and insert sum
Eð Column boxing Box full column width text, push/pull vertically

SEARCH features
Core level See CURSOR MOVES
Cursor moves Jump to word, line, screen, file boundaries
Scroll text Scroll text by screenful or line
S- Find text Search for text you specify
S- Replace text Replace found text with different text
S- F6 wild card Find any symbol or blank
S- Location Move cursor to line/column in file, or line on page
S- Jump Jump to next/prior paragraph/page
S= Standard level
S= Wild cards Find any letter, number, character, line boundary,
S= special font, or use current find or marked text
S= Replace all Replace all matching occurrences from cursor forward
S= Everywhere Global replace of all occurrences in document
S= Selected text Replace any occurrences within selected text
S= Unreplace Restore one previously replaced occurrence with find text
S= Swap find Switch the find text with the replace text
S= Bookmark Set place in file to return to
S= Go to sentence Jump to next/prior sentence
S= Jump to last Jump to last place in document
S= Jump non-ASCII Jump to next non-ASCII character in file
S= Match pair Search for next matching pair of symbol at cursor
Sð Advanced level
Sð Exit bookmark Remember place on exit, and jump there on entry

PRINT features
Core level See PRINTING
All pages Print all pages of document
P- Basic level
P- Range of pages Print single page or range of pages
P- View Preview pages of document on screen before printing
P- Font sample Print a sample of every font in print control file
P= Standard level
P= Multiple copies Set number of copies to print
P= Feed method Set tractor, single sheet, or bin/tray sheet feeding
P= Output file Print to file on disk
P= Read def file Read settings defined in print control file
P= Link def file Assign print control file to document
Pð Advanced level
Pð Even/odd pages Print only even or only odd pages
Pð Typewrite Send lines directly to printer

MERGE features
Core level
M- Basic level
M- (none)
M= Standard level See MERGE PRINT
M= Input/output Simple merge of data file and document to printer
M= Trial  Merge sample record
M= One record Merge one record to printer
M= All records Merge and print all records
Mð Advanced level
Mð Input template Fixed length field format, keep leading/trailing spaces
Mð Output template Variables for align, reformat, omit line, prompted entry
Mð Input/edit one Merge records one by one, edit each as needed
Mð Conditions Selects records for merging

TOOL features
Core level
T- Basic level See TOOLS, SPELL CHECK
T- Spell check word Check spelling of word at cursor
T- Spell scan Search document for words not in master dictionary
T- Spell autocheck Check spelling of words as you type
T- Spell guess View correctly spelled alternates of misspelled word
T- Word count Count number of words in document or selected text
T= Thesaurus Look up alternate word with similar meaning
T= Spell add word Add word to user dictionary
T= Spell skip word Ignore this word during spell check
T= Spell catch word Catch this word as misspelled, even if in dictionary
T= Tabs to spaces Expand tab characters to spaces per ruler tab stops
T= Spaces to tabs Convert leading spaces to single tab character
T= End space trim Remove blank space at end of lines
T= Line end fix Fix line boundaries to be carriage return + line feed
Tð Advanced level See SPELL CHECK, TOOLS
Tð Spell lists Load/save user/skip/catch lists with non-standard names
Tð Non-ASCII strip Remove all non-ASCII characters from current document

ADAPT features
Profiles Change complexity level of individual feature sets
All features on Turn on all features temporarily, override profile
Customize Run Customizer program to change permanent settings
A- Basic level
A- (none)
A= Save profile Write profile settings to control file (ED.DEF)
A= Read def file Activate settings defined in control file
A= Key macros Record and playback keystrokes
Að Advanced level
Að Shorthand Expand abbreviations as you type
Að Buttons Add and remove buttons on button bar
Að Repeat key Press a key once, have it repeat several times

VIEW features
Top lines Turn display of Status/Menu/Ruler/Hint lines on/off
V- Basic level
V- Hide/Show codes Turn display of formatting codes on/off
V= Standard level See WINDOW SPLIT
V= Open window Split screen, display same file or another
V= Pick window Move cursor to another window
V= Close window Close current window
V= Expand window Expand current window by closing another
V= Single window Close all windows except current one
V= Zoom mode Fill screen with current window, hiding others temporarily
Vð Advanced level
Vð Button bar Show line of customizable buttons at top of screen

LAYOUT feature sets

MARGIN features
Core level
N- Page margins Top, bottom, left, right margins
N- Sheet size Page length and width
N- Ragged right Paragraphs line up evenly on left edge only
N- Justify Space paragraphs evenly between left and right margin
N- ASCII center Center line or marked text, no proportional formatting
N- Indent Indent paragraph left/right sides and/or first line
N- Reformat Rewrap lines in document
N- Wordwrap mode Turn wordwrap on/off, temporarily
N- Auto-ref mode Turn auto-reformat on/off, temporarily
N- Control reformat Insert command to turn reformat ability on/off
N- Tab stops Set tab stops at equal distances
N- Inch/Cm units Measurement values in inches/centimeters for commands
N= Standard level See CHARACTERS
N= Page 1 margin Set extra (+/-) top margin for first page only
N= Center text Center text between margins, any font
N= Flush right Force paragraphs right, line up evenly on right edge
N= Spring text Force text to left and right from spring points
N= ASCII ragged Ragged right line or marked lines
N= ASCII justify Justify lines using spaces, not micro-spaces
N= ASCII flush Flush right lines using spaces, not micro-spaces
N= ASCII spring Spring text from cursor using spaces, not micro-spaces
N= Left outlines Floating paragraphs with first line indent/outdent
N= Auto-ref control Insert command to force automatic reformat on/off
N= Break paragraph Insert end of paragraph character, ragged
N= Soft/hard space Microspace character or no-break space between words
N= Soft/hard hyphen Conditional hyphen, no-break hyphen
N= Align text Insert command to position text when printed
N= Slide text Slide line left/right on screen
N= Use ruler Display/edit indent, tab stops, and ruler spacing value
N= Measurements Command values in points, sixths, ruler spacing units
Nð Advanced level See COLUMNS
Nð Columns Divide page into several columns
Nð Head/footer margin Set header/footer margins different from body text
Nð Binding margin Additional margin on binding side of page
Nð Right/left pages Differentiate right and left pages
Nð Landscape print Print sideways on paper
Nð Indent variations Align paragraph number/symbol/heading, float indent
Nð Break, justify Insert end of paragraph character, justified

SPACE/FONT features
Core level
G- Basic level See SPACING, FONTS
G- Multiple spacing Single, double, triple space lines when printed
G- Size Set width of characters, fixed width only
G- Typeface Set style of characters
G- Effect Set underline or boldface
G- Letters at cursor Insert font character pair around cursor
G- Document Insert guide line at top of document to set font
G= Standard level
G= Size Set width/height of characters, variable or fixed width
G= Effect Set double underline, superscript, or subscript
G= Begin this line Insert guide line to turn font on/off
G= Header/footer Set font for header and footer lines
G= Line height Set number of lines per inch for text/blank lines
G= Note spacing Set line height of footnotes
G= Downloaded fonts Use font definitions from file downloaded to printer
Gð Advanced level
Gð Head/footer spacing Set line height for header/footer different from body
Gð Insert space Reserve additional height on page (for illustration)
Gð Footnote font Set font for footnotes
Gð Column font  Set font separately for each column

REFERENCE features
Core level
R- Basic level
R- Header Page number at top of page, centered or flush right
R- Footer Page number at bottom of page, centered or flush right
R= Header Define multiple header lines
R= Footer Define multiple footer lines
R= Head/foot format Put text/number/date/time/filename to left/center/right
R= Suppress Suppress printing of header/footer for this page
R= Comment line Insert non-printing comment line
R= Footnotes Make selected text a footnote
R= Endnotes Make selected text an endnote
R= Footnote fence Separator between notes and text
R= Update references Move endnotes to end of document
R= Auto-number Insert numbering sequence you can update in one step
R= Update sequence Resequence document numbers after making changes
Rð Advanced level
Rð Second lines Enter second line for header/footer through menu
Rð Blank lines Set header/footer separation through menu
Rð Right/left lines Put different header/footer on right/left pages
Rð Print image Insert print image when printing document
Rð Other file Insert text of another file when printing document
Rð User entry Pause for user input when printing document
Rð Index Compile sorted index list from indexed words
Rð Table of contents Compile table of contents from section heads
Rð Series endnotes Place endnotes at end of each file in series

PAGING features
Core level

Q- Basic level See PAGINATION
Q- Auto-paging Automatically insert/adjust page breaks when editing
Q- Document Insert/update page breaks for whole document
Q- Remove breaks Delete all page break lines
Q- Hard Break Insert page break, does not adjust upon repage
Q= Standard level
Q= By page Repaginate page by page, adjusting page break locations
Q= Set page number Change page number beginning with this page
Q= Soft Break Insert page break, adjusts upon repage
Qð Advanced level
Qð Column break Insert both column and hard page break
Qð Orphan control Move isolated orphan lines to next page
Qð Conditionals Keep block/lines on page, force left/right page
Qð Next number set Adjust number for next page, to insert from other source

A=Save profile
When you exit, PC-Write asks if you want to save the current settings for
all feature sets. Settings are stored permanently until you change and save
them again later. If you do not save your profile, features added or dropped
during the current edit session are not remembered next time you use
PC-Write. You can also save anytime before exiting.
KEYS: Alt A S 
Profile settings are saved in your edit control file, ED.DEF. You can save
them in a different file by retyping the control filename upon saving.

All features on
Alt A A (Alt-F6 F4) turns all features on for the current edit session.
All feature sets are temporarily updated to the highest level. This does not
change your profile, however. See Set profile. On the pull-down menus,
not in your profile that are just temporarily 'on' show a double
bar to the left of the item. Use this function to quickly access an
infrequently needed feature you've purposely left out of your profile.


Enter text then revisit it if needed to make changes. Move cursor using
Arrow keys, or combine with Ctl or Shf to move farther distances quickly.
Paging and text search keys can also be used. See CURSOR MOVES
For table of speed editing keys, see EDITING KEYS.
To enter special hyphens and spaces, see HYPHENS & SPACES.
To insert current date in your document, see INSERT.
To change the look of text, see FORMATTING, LAYOUT.

E=Letter case
Change case of letter at cursor or selected text.
KEYS: Alt E L then:
S (F8) Make existing capitals lower case, and vice versa
U (Alt-F8) Make all letters capital
To change from initial capital, lower case words (e.g. Sun) to all lower
case (e.g. sun), first change to all capitals then switch to lower case.

E=Transpose character
Slide character at cursor, exchanging places with adjacent letter.
Useful for fixing typos or adjusting font characters in show mode.
Transpose left Shf-Bksp
Transpose right Shf-Esc
To assign alternate keys for transpose, see CUSTOMIZE.

Working modes
These settings are temporary. To set modes permanently, see CUSTOMIZE.
Typing mode Press Top line reads
Push existing text right Alt E P (Scroll Lock) Push
Overwrite existing text Alt E O (Scroll Lock) Over
V-Display codes
Hide formatting codes Alt V H (Alt-Spacebar) R:F
Show formatting codes Alt V S (Alt-Spacebar) r:f
Automatic modes Press Top line reads
N-Wrap text at end of line Alt L M R W (Shf-F7) Wrap+
N-Rewrap text after editing Alt L M R A (Shf-F7) Para+
Q-Insert/show page breaks Alt L P A (Alt-F7 F3) Wrap# or Para#
T-Spell check as you type Alt T S A (Alt-F2 F7) Se+ or Sp+
AðExpand shorthand words Alt A U A (Alt-F6 F8 F8) se+ or sp+
Watch Top line for information about current editing status and modes.
See Status line


E=You can move, copy, delete and frame text in a rectangular area. First you
E=must select the text by boxing with Alt E B B (Ctl-F7). See BOXING TEXT
EðIf you box select a list of numbers, you can calculate and insert a total.
Moving or copying boxed text overwrites existing text or spaces, so first
clear target area. Moving or deleting (cutting) boxed text leaves spaces in
place of cut text. Boxing text puts screen in Hide mode. See Hide/Show codes
To remove extra spaces left by box moved from end of lines, see Convert.

E=Drawing a frame
Begin frame drawing with text selected in Boxing or Boxed mode.
Be sure to box an area one space wider/longer than text to allow for frame.
Use ASCII frame when your printer does not have box characters available.
KEYS: Alt E I F S or D or A or R (Ctl-F9)
³ Single ³ º Double º | ASCII |
To do your own box drawing and shading, see CHARACTERS.

EðTotaling numbers
Numbers in box selected area are totalled and the sum inserted below box.
If cursor is moved after boxing, sum inserts at cursor instead. Numbers may
have decimal or thousands separator or currency symbol, and don't have to
be aligned. You can skip or accept numbers that also have text in them.
KEYS: Alt E I B (Ctl-F9 F7)

If you have a BOXED area and use an operation that applies to whole file,
not just the BOXED part, you get a warning.

E=Other operations you can do in Boxing Mode:
Set BOXED mode, cursor to upper left: Alt E B B (Ctl-F7)
In BOXED mode, Copy box: Alt E C (F3)
In BOXED mode, Move box: Alt E M (F6)
Delete box: Alt E D (F4)
Go to upper left of moved/deleted box: Shf-Ctl-End
Undelete a just-deleted box, with Alt E B B then Alt E U D
cursor at upper left corner: (Ctl-F7 then Ctl-F4)
Undo box copy, with text still boxed: Alt E U C (F4 F4)
Undo box move, with text still boxed: Alt E U M (Shf-Ctl-End then F6)
Insert a file as a box: Alt E B B then Alt E F I (Ctl-F7 then Ctl-F3)
Copy a box to another file: Ctl-F6 See Copy to a file
Slide box text right or left: Alt L R A R/L (Shf-Ins/Del)
Repeat replace: Alt S R S (Alt-F10 F9)
Change font characters: Alt L F L
Change letter case: Alt E L S or U


Box drawing
Accented letters
Math symbols
Hyphens & spaces
Character codes

To enter font characters, see FONTS

BOX DRAWING symbols: For Framing feature, See Drawing a frame
Q º W º E º R º º U º I º O º P ºº Q º W º E º R º º U º I º O º P
Ú º  º ¿ º ³ º º Ö º Ò º · º ² ºº É º Ë º » º º º º Õ º Ñ º ¸ º Û
º A º S º D º F º G º H º J º K º L º º A º S º D º F º G º H º J º K º L º
º à º Å º ´ º®Ä º įº Ç º × º ¶ º ° º º Ì º Î º ¹ º®Í º ͯº Æ º Ø º µ º ± º
º Z º X º C º V º B º N º M º º Z º X º C º V º B º N º M º
º À º Á º Ù º ³ º Ó º Ð º ½ º º È º Ê º ¼ º º º Ô º Ï º ¾ º
Shf-Alt Box Set Shf-Ctl Box Set

Press Shf and Alt keys plus letter. Press Shf and Ctl keys plus letter.
Be sure typing mode is set to Overwrite. See Typing mode

ACCENTED LETTERS: Press first key, then Accent Key (~), then second key
('Acc' is Accent key)
a Acc " „ ³ a Acc ` … ³ a Acc ^ ƒ ³ o Acc a †
A Acc " Ž ³ e Acc ` Š ³ e Acc ^ ˆ ³ A Acc o 
e Acc " ‰ ³ i Acc `  ³ i Acc ^ Œ ³
i Acc " ‹ ³ o Acc ` • ³ o Acc ^ “ ³ a Acc _ ¦
o Acc " ” ³ u Acc ` — ³ u Acc ^ – ³ o Acc _ §
O Acc " ™ ³ ³ ³
u Acc "  ³ a Acc '   ³ c Acc , ‡ ³ c Acc / ›
U Acc " š ³ E Acc '  ³ C Acc , € ³ - Acc L œ
y Acc " ˜ ³ e Acc ' ‚ ³ n Acc ~ ¤ ³ = Acc Y 
³ i Acc ' ¡ ³ N Acc ~ ¥ ³ t Acc P ž
a Acc e ‘ ³ o Acc ' ¢ ³ ? Acc ? ¨ ³ - Acc f Ÿ
A Acc E ’ ³ u Acc ' £ ³ ! Acc ! ­ ³

MATH SYMBOLS: Press first key, then Accent Key (~), then second key.
('Acc' is Accent key)
1 Acc ` ° ³ a Acc / à ³ d Acc / ë ³ ) Acc ` õ
2 Acc ` ± ³ b Acc / á ³ f Acc / í ³ 1 Acc 2 «
3 Acc ` ² ³ g Acc / â ³ e Acc / î ³ 1 Acc 4 ¬
4 Acc ` Û ³ p Acc / ã ³ ! Acc ` ü ³ : Acc ` ö
5 Acc ` Ü ³ S Acc / ä ³ # Acc ` þ ³ / Acc ` û
6 Acc ` Ý ³ s Acc / å ³ $ Acc ` ì ³ + Acc ` ñ
7 Acc ` Þ ³ m Acc / æ ³ % Acc ` ø ³ . Acc ` ù
8 Acc ` ß ³ t Acc / ç ³ ^ Acc ` ï ³ = Acc ` ð
³ F Acc / è ³ & Acc ` ú ³ ~ Acc ` ÷
[ Acc ` © ³ h Acc / é ³ * Acc ` ý ³ > Acc ` ò
] Acc ` ª ³ M Acc / ê ³ ( Acc ` ô ³ < Acc ` ó

Normal hyphen Hyphen (- key)
N=Hard Hyphen (ö) Ctl-Hyphen (keeps words together)
N=Soft Hyphen (ÿ) Shf-Ctl-Hyphen (conditional at end of line)
Normal space Spacebar
Space at right Ins
N=Repeated spaces Shf-Ins See Sliding text
Spaces to tab Ctl-I (pushes text at cursor to next tab)
N=Hard Space (ú) Ctl-Space (keeps words together)
N=Soft Space Shf-Ctl-Space (used in formatting, e.g. spring margin)
To assign alternate keys for inserting hyphens and spaces, see CUSTOMIZE.

To insert character by code number, press and hold Alt key, then type code
on numeric keypad, then release Alt key.
Font characters - codes 000-031
014 ÿ Alt-A Align font, See Alignment
002 ÿ Alt-B Bold
006 ÿ Alt-C Compressed
016 ÿ Alt-D Double
003 ÿ Alt-E Elite
028 ÿ Alt-F Fast
011 ** Alt-G Guide line, See DOT LINES
024 ÿ Alt-H Higher (superscript)
021 ÿ Alt-I Italic
008 ÿ Alt-J J font
020 ÿ Alt-K Keep paragraph font, See Break paragraph
025 ÿ Alt-L Lower (subscript)
007 ÿ Alt-M M font
017 ÿ Alt-N Number font, See Auto-numbering
019 ÿ Alt-O Overstrike
005 ÿ Alt-P Pica
022 ÿ Alt-Q Q font
030 ÿ Alt-R Regular
001 ÿ Alt-S Second strike
012 ** Shf-Alt-T Top of page, See Inserting breaks
023 ÿ Alt-U Underline
004 ÿ Alt-V V font
018 ÿ Alt-W W, Double underline
Alt-X X font (Carriage return)
031 ÿ Alt-Y Y font
015 ÿ Alt-Z Z font (Hard page break)
Not used: 0, Tab 9, Line Boundary 10, End of File 26, Esc 27, Soft Hyphen 29
** (cannot show character)

Ascii characters - codes 032-127
032 spc ³048 0 ³064 @ ³080 P ³096 ` ³112 p
033 ! ³049 1 ³065 A ³081 Q ³097 a ³113 q
034 " ³050 2 ³066 B ³082 R ³098 b ³114 r
035 # ³051 3 ³067 C ³083 S ³099 c ³115 s
036 $ ³052 4 ³068 D ³084 T ³100 d ³116 t
037 % ³053 5 ³069 E ³085 U ³101 e ³117 u
038 & ³054 6 ³070 F ³086 V ³102 f ³118 v
039 ' ³055 7 ³071 G ³087 W ³103 g ³119 w
040 ( ³056 8 ³072 H ³088 X ³104 h ³120 x
041 ) ³057 9 ³073 I ³089 Y ³105 i ³121 y
042 * ³058 : ³074 J ³090 Z ³106 j ³122 z
043 + ³059 ; ³075 K ³091 [ ³107 k ³123 {
044 , ³060 < ³076 L ³092 \ ³108 l ³124 |
045 - ³061 = ³077 M ³093 ] ³109 m ³125 }
046 . ³062 > ³078 N ³094 ^ ³110 n ³126 ~
047 / ³063 ? ³079 O ³095 _ ³111 o ³127

Extended characters - codes 128-255
For keystrokes using Accent key, see ACCENTED LETTERS, MATH SYMBOLS
128 € ³150 – ³171 « ³193 Á ³215 × ³237 í
129  ³151 — ³172 ¬ ³194  ³216 Ø ³238 î
130 ‚ ³152 ˜ ³173 ­ ³195 à ³217 Ù ³239 ï
131 ƒ ³153 ™ ³174 ® ³196 Ä ³218 Ú ³240 ð
132 „ ³154 š ³175 ¯ ³197 Å ³219 Û ³241 ñ
133 … ³155 › ³176 ° ³198 Æ ³220 Ü ³242 ò
134 † ³156 œ ³177 ± ³199 Ç ³221 Ý ³243 ó
135 ‡ ³157  ³178 ² ³200 È ³222 Þ ³244 ô
136 ˆ ³158 ž ³179 ³ ³201 É ³223 ß ³245 õ
137 ‰ ³159 Ÿ ³180 ´ ³202 Ê ³224 à ³246 ö
138 Š ³160   ³181 µ ³203 Ë ³225 á ³247 ÷
139 ‹ ³161 ¡ ³182 ¶ ³204 Ì ³226 â ³248 ø
140 Œ ³162 ¢ ³183 · ³205 Í ³227 ã ³249 ù
141  ³163 £ ³184 ¸ ³206 Î ³228 ä ³250 ú
142 Ž ³164 ¤ ³185 ¹ ³207 Ï ³229 å ³251 û
143  ³165 ¥ ³186 º ³208 Ð ³230 æ ³252 ü
144  ³166 ¦ ³187 » ³209 Ñ ³231 ç ³253 ý
145 ‘ ³167 § ³188 ¼ ³210 Ò ³232 è ³254 þ
146 ’ ³168 ¨ ³189 ½ ³211 Ó ³233 é ³255
147 “ ³169 © ³190 ¾ ³212 Ô ³234 ê ³
148 ” ³170 ª ³191 ¿ ³213 Õ ³235 ë ³
149 • ³ ³192 À ³214 Ö ³236 ì ³
PC-Write reserved characters: Hard Hyphen 246, Soft/hard space 249/250


Use column format for newsletter, translation or other document requiring
parallel text. Also useful for tables with variable length entries. Columns
lie within page margins and have white space between columns (separations).
Each column can have its own indents, shapes and tabstops. See PARAGRAPHS
Standard format allows for several columns, each with same width. One column
of different width can be placed at far left or right of other columns.
Non-standard formats require direct ruler editing. See Column rulers

Wordwrap and reformat use indent and shape of current column, independent of
other columns. Adding or deleting lines affects only one column, unless you
want to affect a line across all columns using these keys:
Shf-Enter add a line, all columns
Shf-Ctl-Enter delete a line, all columns
Blank lines are added to end of short columns to equal length of longest
one. Marking ignores column format. Use boxing instead of marking, unless
you want to affect ALL columns across. See SELECTING TEXT
Proportional text may appear on screen to extend past right indent of
column, but prints correctly. To set column fonts, see Location.

Moving the cursor in columns usually behaves as if each column is a page.
Move between columns using these keys:
Arrow across boundary
Shf-Arrow to column boundary
Shf-Home to prior home
Shf-End to next end

Moving column text
PC-Write does not automatically flow text on page from one column to next.
Use column boxing to move text from one column to another. You may need to
move text before joining or changing number of columns in layout.
Text does flow across page breaks, so column continues on next page.
To prevent text flow to next page, see Break column.

NðEqual columns
Changing number of columns creates layout with minimum separation, maximum
width, and best ruler spacing for current font. New columns have indent and
shape of prior paragraph (unless you change it), and existing text in column
area reformats into leftmost column. Status line shows 'Col' when in column.
Change number of columns to zero to end column layout. New column layout
(different number, separation, width, or ruler spacing) breaks columns and
paragraphs. See also COLUMNS

Do not reduce number of columns when there is text in any column removed.
This also applies when removing the unequal column, or joining columns.
Move this text to columns that will be kept before removing columns.
See Moving column text

If you create columns in area of existing text not in column format, you are
given two choices: reformat text below cursor into new column format, or
leave existing text alone (assume you will add new column text at cursor).

NðSeparation and width
Fine tune layout by changing space between columns or their width. Changing
one value for equal columns adjusts the other for equal columns accordingly.
For unequal column, separation is space between unequal column and its
neighboring equal column. Change unequal separation or width before changing
equal ones because changing unequal values adjusts width of equal columns,
and reformats text to new width. See Unequal column
KEYS: Alt L M C then:
S or W (equal columns)
U S or U W (unequal column)

Column ruler spacing
PC-Write sets ruler spacing that works well if you don't add too many
smaller fonts on same line. If text overflows a column, you must make
spacing narrower (increase number per inch). Applies to all columns across.

NðJoining columns
Combine two or more neighboring columns to form one column as wide as the
sum of their widths and separations. Use when a headline spans a multicolumn
story in a newsletter. Joining reformats using indents, shapes, and fonts of
leftmost column. Joining begins at cursor and goes to next column layout
(select text first to limit scope). Joining does not actually change value
for number of columns in column layout, it adjusts wrapping width of text
(e.g. three-column layout with columns one and two joined acts like it has
two columns, one twice as wide as the other).

You cannot join columns if there is text in rightmost column. Move text to
bottom of leftmost column before joining. See Moving column text
Unjoining columns reformats text into leftmost column.

NðUnequal column
Use one column with different width than rest of columns for marginal notes.
It displays to left of equal columns but can be printed to left or right.
With document layout that differentiates left and righthand pages, place
unequal column on inside or outside of page, to mirror columns on page.
Set width or separation of unequal column to begin using unequal column.
Values for unequal column affect equal ones. See Separation and width
KEYS: Alt L M C U L or R or O or I

NðBreak column
A change in column layout (width, separation, number of columns) breaks
columns and paragraphs. Explicitly break a column (without changing column
layout) to differentiate variable entries in a table, or at every page break
in newsletters where stories stay on same page. Applies across all columns.
KEYS: Alt L M C B 


E-Moving within a file
Select text then move cursor to new location. Moving deletes text from where
it was and inserts it at cursor. Text stays marked so you can move it
somewhere else. Unmark when done moving. See SELECTING TEXT
KEYS: Alt E M (F6)
E-Undo move
With moved text still selected, you can move text back to original position.
KEYS: Alt E U M (Shf-Ctl-End, F6)
To transpose a character left/right, see Transpose character.
To slide text left or right, see Sliding text.

E-Copy within a file
Select text then move cursor to new location. Copying inserts at cursor,
leaving original copy where it was. New copy is still marked, so you can
continue to make copies without remarking it. Unmark when done copying.
KEYS: Alt E C (F3)
E-Undo copy
With copied text still selected, use Alt E U C (F4 F4) to erase it.

E-If copying causes file to grow too big to fit in available memory, you may
get message with option to copy as much as will fit, or cancel copy. You may
want to start a new file, or free up space by removing memory resident (TSR)

E=Copy to a file
Copy selected text from the file you're editing to another file. If there is
already text in the other file, you can replace it, or append to end of it.
After copying, text is still selected. Unmark or delete it when done.
KEYS: Alt E F (Ctl-F6) then:
C (F9) to replace contents
A (F10) to append to contents
To write a copy of entire file to another file, see FILE MANAGE.
To transfer text to a specific location in another file, see Transferring.

E-Copy from a file
Insert entire contents of another file to cursor in current file. Handy for
inserting text you use often (e.g. your name and address).
KEYS: Alt E F I (Ctl-F3)
E=To insert file in boxed mode, press Alt E B B (Ctl-F7) before Alt E F I.

EðHold text
Text can be stored temporarily in the hold area. Deleted text, and marked
text when you switch files, is automatically put there. Use it to collect
text from several locations to put somewhere else.
Copying selected text to hold area replaces any existing text with new text.
Appending text to hold area adds to the end of any text already there.
Erasing hold deletes all held text (useful to prepare for appending).
Inserting held text copies text in the hold area back into document at your
cursor. Inserting can be repeated multiple times or in different locations,
as held text is stored until erased or replaced with new text.
KEYS: Alt E H then:
I Insert (Ctl-F4)
C Copy to (Shf-Ctl F4)
E Erase (Shf-Ctl F5)
A Append to (Shf-Ctl F6)

E-Transferring held text copies selected text from one file to your cursor in
another file. When you switch files, any selected text in first file is
copied to hold area. Upon entering second file, the status line says 'Holding'
and text in hold area is ready for transferring. You must transfer the held
text before you delete other text (which replaces hold).
KEYS: Alt E H T (F3) after switching files

To copy text between windows, see WINDOW SPLIT.


Many functions set while editing are only temporary, and reset to program
default values when you exit PC-Write. Customizing sets functions perma
nently by writing changes to your edit control file. See Control files
Load Customizer to view and change settings. Saved changes take effect
immediately upon returning to your document.
KEYS: Alt A C (Alt-F6 F5)
You can also run the Customizer outside PC-Write. Type CUSTOM at DOS prompt.

Control files
PC-Write uses commands in the edit control file, ED.DEF, to adapt and
customize itself to your needs. Commands may be guide lines, key macros,
or lines starting with a %, !, &, #, or * symbol.
A=Alt A R (Alt-F6 F6) reads a different edit control file temporarily.
Control file remains in effect until another is read, or you exit PC-Write.

If PC-Write finds an error when reading a control file, cancel reading rest
of control file with Esc, or press F9 to continue past error. There is no
hazard in reading past errors, though some commands may be ignored. You can
edit the control file directly to correct errors.
(See PC-Write Wizard's Book.)

You can have other control files besides ED.DEF, that contain settings
specific to one document or group of documents. Have custom file be read
automatically with a document (or group), by following these steps:
1. Name control file '' where 'xxx' is same filename extension as
the document(s) it pertains to. Ex. ED.DOC for LETTER.DOC
2. Use the Customizer to turn on control file search. See CUSTOMIZE

For printer control file information, see Print control file.


Use quick keys to delete (cut) character, word, or line from document.
E-For other sizes, select text first then delete. See SELECTING TEXT
E-KEYS: Alt E D (F4)
See Quick delete

Deleting file
Delete all text in current file by selecting entire document first.
To delete a file on disk, see Delete.

Insert (paste) deleted text back in document at cursor. Can be pasted
repeatedly, until you cut other text.
KEYS: Alt E U D (Ctl-F4)
E=To undelete boxed text, press Alt E B B (Ctl-F7) before Alt E U D.
E-Delete puts text in hold area, in case you want to undelete it. If hold is
almost full, you can still delete but not all can be recovered by undelete.
See Hold text
Block delete in HIDE mode deletes guide lines at start of block, but asks
before deleting any at end of block. See Guide lines, Hide/Show codes

Quick delete
Word to right Ctl-Esc
Word To left Ctl-Bksp
To end of line Ctl-Enter
Entire line Home, Ctl-Enter
E- or Shf-Ctl-Enter
E-To line start Shf-Ctl-Bksp
For quick delete in column mode, see COLUMNS.

Deleting characters
Bksp deletes character to left of cursor, Del deletes under cursor.
Typing in Overwrite mode write over character at cursor. See Typing mode

  3 Responses to “Category : Word Processors
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