Category : Word Processors
Archive   : CHIWRITR.ZIP

Output of file : TUTORIAL.CHI contained in archive : CHIWRITR.ZIP
1. Cursor Movement\!\,
\1The Cursor keys [Left], [Right], [Up] and [Down]\. in\. the\. numeric \"
keypad\. move\. the\. cursor\. one\. unit\. in\. the\. desired\. direction.
[Ctrl-Left], [Ctrl-Right] move one word to\. the\. left\. and\. right.
[Home] and [End] move to the beginning\. and\. end\. of\. the\. screen,
with intermediate stops at\. the\. beginning\. and\. end\. of\. a\. line.
[Tab] and [Shift-Tab] move the cursor\. to\. the\. next\. or\. previous
tab stop. \3Try them out now!\,
\1[PgUp] and [PgDn] scroll one screen up and down,\. [Ctrl-Home]
and [Crtl-End] move to the beginning\. and\. end\. of\. the\. document.
[Ctrl-PgUp] and [Ctrl-PgDn] move the cursor one line up\. or\. down.
\3Try them now and remember to hit \1[Ctrl-Home] \3to return here!\,
\1To move the cursor to the next or previous\. occurrence\. of\. a
character, hit [Grey +] or [Grey -], followed by\. that\. character.
For example, [Grey +]a moves the cursor to the next\. a,\. [Grey\. -]
[F3]b moves the previous italic \3b\1.\,
\3Use \1[PgDn] \3in the following to page through this tutorial! If
you want to quit the tutorial, hit \1[Ctrl-End] \3for directions.\,
\42. Inserting Text\!\,
\1To insert text, move the cursor anywhere on the screen\. and\. start \"
typing. Use the [Backspace] key to delete the character before the
cursor, the [Del] key to delete the character\. under\. the\. cursor.
[Ins] toggles between \2"\1Insert mode\3" \1and \2"\1Overwrite\. mode\3"\1.\. (Check
the \4INS \1indicator in the status line for the current\. mode.)\. \3Move
the cursor to the \4* \3on the next line and type your name!\,
3. Font Change\!\,
\110 fonts are available to you:\"\,
F1: Roman F2: Symbol F3: \3Italic \1F4: \4Bold \1F5: \5Gothic\,
\1F6: \6Small \1F7: Greek F8: \8Script \1F9: Math I F10: Math II\,
To change the font, hit the desired function key on\. the\. left\. of
the keyboard \3twice\1. Note that the \4FONT: \1indicator\. in\. the\. status
line changes. If you hit the function key just \3once\1, only the next
character is taken from the new font and the editor reverts to the
old font. To see\. a\. font,\. type\. its\. function\. key\. and\. [Alt-H]
(\2"\1Help\3"\1). \3Move the cursor to the next \4*\3, and try out the different
fonts! Shift back to font 1 when you are done!\,
4. The Anatomy of a Line\,\/
\1Each document consists of a sequence of lines. Each line ends in a
marker which is displayed at the rightmost column of\. the\. screen.
There are two types of markers:\,
A soft return marker \2__K
\1A hard return marker \2__K\,
\1Successive lines are separated by a short line segment in the last
column and successive pages are separated by a long\. dotted\. line,
like the one above this section.\,
\+ superscripts
\+ of
\+ levels
\+ several
A line can have \!\,
\- and
\- subscripts.
\45. Super- and Subscripts\,
\3Move the cursor to the next \4* \3and type \1H [Down] 2 [Up] O\3!\,
\1Subscripts and superscripts can\. be\. inserted\. in\. any\. line.\. The
return marker at the end of every line is at the \2"\1base\. level\3"\. \1of
the line. If you move the cursor away from the base level,\. super-
and subscripts can be\. inserted.\. If\. the\. cursor\. happens\. to\. be
between two lines, a new level is inserted. \3Move the\. cursor\. back
to the \1H O \3you just typed and insert past\. it\. \1boils\. at\. 100[Up]o \!
\- 2
\46. Adding and Zapping Levels\!\,
\1If you type a formula or a table, you will need several levels\. of \"
superscripts and subscripts. [Ctrl-A] adds\. one\. level\. below\. the
cursor, and [Ctrl-Z] zaps (i.e. deletes) the level containing\. the
cursor. However, you cannot zap if the cursor is in the base level
or between two lines. When writing a formula, it is\. usually\. best
to first add an ample number of levels and later\. zap\. the\. unused
ones. \4Note: \1When editing a table or formula, turn insert mode \4off!
\3Move the cursor to the next \4*\3, turn insert mode off, add about\. 10
\+ \05______6
\+ \62
\+ \1-b \9+ \0r \1b -4ac
\3levels and copy this formula: \1x\.\.\. = \2______________\3. When you\. are \!
\- \61,2
\- \12a
\3done, turn insert mode back on! You will find the \2_ \3in font 2, the \"
small \62 \3in font 6, the \9+ \3in font 9 and the characters to make\. the
root sign in font 10. (This exercise is trickier\. than\. you\. might
expect. Formula editing requires some practice and patience.)\,
\1Occasionally, you need to insert or delete characters in one level \"\/
of a formula without\. wanting\. to\. shift\. the\. other\. levels.\. \3For
example, try to delete the \2P \3from the following formula:\,
\+ \05______6
\+ \62
\+ \1-b \9+ \0r \1b -4ac
\.\.\.\.\.x\.\.\. = \2______________\3. \!\,
\- \61,2
\- \12\2P\1a
If you use the [Del] key, the contents of all\. rows\. are\. deleted. \"
You need to \3unsynchronize \1the index rows by hitting\. [Ctrl-S].\. In
unsynchronized mode, insertion and deletion only\. affect\. the\. row
containing the cursor,\. not\. the\. entire\. line.\. \3Try\. again\. after
hitting \1[Ctrl-S]:\,
\+ \05______6
\+ \62
\+ \1-b \9+ \0r \1b -4ac
\.\.\.\.\.x\.\.\. = \2______________\3. \!\,
\- \61,2
\- \12\2P\1a
\3Hit \1[Ctrl-S] \3again to switch back\. into\. synchronized\. mode.\. \1Note \"
that\. the\. \4SYNC\. \1indicator\. in\. the\. status\. line\. disappears\.\. in
unsynchronized mode.\,
\47. Word Wrap and Formatting\,
\1If you type text, don't use the [Return] key to end a\. line.\. When
you go past\. the\. right\. margin,\. the\. last\. word\. will\. be\. moved
automatically on a new line. The old line is terminated by a\. soft
return. If justification mode is on (\4JUST \1in the status line), the
old line is automatically right justified. Use [Ctrl-J] to\. toggle
justification mode. At the end of every paragraph, you should\. use
the [Return] key to insert a hard return.\,
To format a paragraph, move the cursor into its first line. and
hit [Ctrl-F]. If justification mode is on, the editor\. produces\. a
flush right margin by inserting soft spaces (the ones\. that\. don't
look like small dots),\. otherwise\. a\. ragged\. right\. margin.\. The
formatting stops at the next hard return. \3Move the cursor\. to\. the
next \4* \3and follow the instructions above it!\!\,
Write a sentence that is longer than one line to see the word wrap. Then
move the cursor to the
first word of this paragraph and hit \1[Ctrl-F]\3!
8. Changing the Margins, Tab Stops and Spacing.\!\,
\1[Ctrl-L], [Ctrl-R] change the left and right margin resp.\. to\. the \"
cursor column.\. [Ctrl-T]\. toggles\. the\. tab\. stop\. at\. the\. cursor
column, i.e. creates a tab stop\. if\. there\. was\. none\. before\. and \/
removes it otherwise. There is a margin\. and\. tab\. stop\. indicator
below the status line. The maximum right margin\. is\. 77.\. \3Try\. out
\1[Ctrl-L], [Ctrl-R] \3and \1[Ctrl-T]\3! Observe the effect on the\. status
line! Be sure to reset the left margin to 1 and the\. right\. margin
to 66 when you are done.\,
\1The current spacing value\. determines\. the\. number\. of\. blank
index rows added to each line to separate it from\. the\. next.\. The
status line shows the current spacing value as \4SPAC:\1. Use\. [Alt-0]
... [Alt-9] to change it. For example, [Alt-2] switches to\. double
\49. Pagination\!\,
\1The program automatically computes page breaks.\. However,\. if\. you \"
want to force a page break (e.g. at the end\. of\. a\. chapter),\. hit
[Ctrl-P]. Hitting [Ctrl-P] again removes the page break. \3Move\. the
cursor to the next \4* \3and\. hit\. \1[Ctrl-P].\. \3Hit\. \1[Ctrl-P]\. \3again\. to
remove the page break!\,
\1Note that the hard page breaks inserted by you show\. up\. as\. solid
lines across the screen whereas the soft page breaks\. computed\. by
the computer are dotted. \,
Sometimes you need to inhibit\. a\. page\. break\. at\. a\. certain
location, e.g. directly after a section heading. [Ctrl-N]\. toggles
the line containing the cursor in and out of \2"\1No page break\3" \1mode.
When in \2"\1No page break\3" \1mode, a page break will\. never\. be\. placed
below it by the pagination routine. This node is\. indicated\. by\. a
dotted separator dash below the return marker. \,
\410. Splitting and Merging Lines. Deleting Lines. Centering Lines.\!\,
\1To split a line in two, move the cursor at\. the\. desired\. location \"
and enter a hard return\. with\. the\. [Return]\. key.\. To\. merge\. two
successive lines, move the cursor to\. the\. last\. column\. (use\. the
[End] key!), and delete the marker using the [Del] key.\. \3Move\. the
cursor to the next \4* \3and\. hit\. \1[Return].\. \3Then\. delete\. the\. newly
created hard return!\,
Split this line \4* \3and merge it back together!\,
\1Hitting [Alt-L] deletes the line containing\. the\. cursor.\. Hitting
[Ctrl-C] centers it between the margins.\,
\3Delete me by hitting \1[Alt-L]\3!\,
Center me by hitting \1[Ctrl-C]\3!\,\/
\411. Highlighting\!\,\/
\1For certain CHIWRITER commands, you have to\. specify\. a\. block\. of \"
text by \3highlighting \1it. To highlight a block, move the cursor\. to
the beginning of it and \3mark \1it by hitting [Alt-M]. Then move\. the
cursor to the other end. The text between the marked position\. and
the cursor is highlighted.\,
You can cut out the highlighted text or change its\. font\. or
spacing value. To change the font of each character\. in\. a\. block,
highlight it and hit\. the\. associated\. font\. key [F\3n\1].\. To\. change\.
the spacing, hit a spacing key [Alt-\3n\1]. \3Move\. the\. cursor\. to\. the
next \4* \3and follow the instructions.\,
\.\.\.\.\.\4* \3Hit \1[Alt-M]\3, move the cursor to the end and hit \1[F6].\,
If you invoked highlighting by accident, hit [Esc] to cancel it.\,
\412. Cut and Paste\!\,\/
\1To delete a block of text, move the cursor to\. the\. beginning\. and \"
mark it by hitting [Alt-M]. Then move the cursor to the end of the
text and hit [Alt-C] (\2"\1Cut\3"\1). The highlighted area is cut out\. and
placed into a buffer. To insert the buffer contents anywhere\. into
the text, move the cursor to the insert location and\. hit\. [Alt-P]
(\2"\1Paste\3"\1). If you want to copy a block\. into\. the\. buffer\. without
deleting it, highlight it and hit [Alt-D] (\2"\1Duplicate\3"\1).\. \3Cut\. out
the first part of the sentence\. below\. and\. paste\. it\. behind\. the
second part!\,
\4* \1Mark here and cut until here \4* \1and paste here: \,
\413. Search and Replace\,
\1To search for a phrase in the document, hit [Alt-S] and enter\. the
search pattern. Hit [Esc] to start the search. Subsequent\. [Alt-S]
commands search for more matches until either\. no\. more\. match\. is
found\. or\. the\. current\. pattern\. is\. deleted\. with\. the\.\. [Alt-F]
(\2"\1Forget\3"\1) command. \3Try it out: Move the cursor\. here\. \4*\. \3and\. hit
\1[Alt-S]the[Esc] \3to move the cursor to the next \1the. \,
To search for a phrase and replace it with another\. one,\. use
the [Alt-R] command and enter search pattern and replacement\. text
when prompted.\,
\414. The FULL Indicator\,
\1The file you are editing is stored in\. the\. computer\. memory.\. You
should save it occasionally, especially if you have problems\. with
the electrical power. Also, since the memory size is limited,\. you
should take care that your file fits inside. If\. you\. run\. out\. of \/
memory, the editor will\. try\. to\. save\. your\. text\. (in\. the\. file
OVERFLOW.CHI) and\. terminate\. execution.\. You\. should\. avoid\. that
unfriendly event by looking at the \4FULL \1indicator periodically. If
it is in the 90% range, save your file! \3Check the\. \4FULL\. \3indicator
\415. Key Sequences\,
\1Sequences of keystrokes can be stored, given a name\. and\. replayed
later by CHIWRITER.\. To\. replay\. a\. key\. sequence,\. hit\. [Ctrl-K],
enter the name of the\. sequence\. and\. hit\. [Return].\. Here\. is\. an
example: We programmed a key sequence that\. deletes\. the\. sentence
containing the cursor, and named it DLS. \3Move the\. cursor\. to\. the
next \4* \3and enter \1[Ctrl-K]DLS[Return]\3! The sentence containing\. the
cursor will be deleted\1.\,
Here\. is\. a\. demonstration\. of\. the\. \2"\1Delete\. Sentence\3"\.\. \1key
sequence. This sentence will be automatically deleted \4*\. \1when\. the
key sequence is executed.\,
To record a key sequence, hit [Ctrl-D]\. (\2"\1Define\3"\1),\. enter\. a
name followed by [Return], hit the keystrokes you want\. to\. record
and hit [Ctrl-D] again to complete the definition. While recording
is in progress, there is a \4DEF \1indicator in the status line.\,
If you hit [Ctrl-K] or [Ctrl-D] by\. accident,\. hit\. [Esc]\. to
cancel the command.\,
\416. How to Print. Headers and Footers. Print Options.\!\,
\1Leave edit mode by hitting [Esc]. Select the P (Print) option from \"
the main menu, turn the printer on and\. select\. R\. (Regular\. print
mode). This tutorial will be printed.\. You\. can\. hit\. any\. key\. to
stop the printout. To return here, select ED (Edit Document)\. from
the main menu. \,
There are three print modes: Draft,\. Regular\. and\. Slow.\. The
draft mode is intended for fast printing with\. little\. regard\. for
beauty. Regular or Slow should be\. used\. for\. presentable\. output;
it depends on your printer\. which\. of\. these\. two\. modes\. produces
better results. \,
To suppress printing\. of\. page\. numbers,\. delete\. the\. footer
containing them with the\. DFA\. (\2"\1Delete\. Footer\. for\. All\. pages\3"\1)
command. There are variable header and footer\. capabilities\. (e.g.
different headers on even/odd pages, but suppress header\. on\. page
1); consult the manual for details. \,
Look at the PO (\2"\1Print Options\3"\1)\. to\. print\. out\. part\. of\. a
document or set the starting page number. \,\/
\416. The Current Disk/Directory\,
\1To see a list of the files on the\. current\. directory, use\. the FD
command (\2"\1File Directory\3"\1). This is the equivalent\. of\. the\. DIR/W
command\. in\. DOS.\. To\. change\. the\. current\. disk/directory\. which
CHIWRITER uses to load and save documents,\. use\. the\. CD\. (\2"\1Change
Directory\3"\1) command and enter the name of the new drive (e.g.\. B:)
or the new directory (e.g. \\CHIWRITE\\LETTER).\,
\416. How To Get Out\,
\1To end the edit session and save your file, hit [Alt-Q]\. (\2"\1Quit\3"\1).
Your file will be saved and the input file will\. be\. renamed\. with
the extension .BAK. If you do not want to save your file\. (because
you only wanted to read\. it\. or\. messed\. it\. up\. too\. much\. during
editing), hit [Esc]. Either way, you\. get\. to\. the\. editor's\. main
command menu. Hit Q and answer Y when asked\. whether\. you\. do\. NOT
want to save your changes. \3Since you\. do\. not\. want\. to\. save\. the
changes you just made to this tutorial, hit \1[Esc] Q Y \3to quit.\,

  3 Responses to “Category : Word Processors
Archive   : CHIWRITR.ZIP

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: