Category : UNIX Files
Archive   : FREEBSD.ZIP
Filename : README.1ST

Output of file : README.1ST contained in archive : FREEBSD.ZIP
Release 1.1.5

Welcome to FreeBSD! This document has been put together in an effort
to make initial installation of the system from floppy as easy as possible.
Its goal is to provide a simple description for those eager to get started as
soon as possible. Please see the file README.INSTALL if you're just starting
out with FreeBSD and need more detailed installation instructions.

If you're completely new to FreeBSD and don't even know quite what it is,
then read RELNOTES.FreeBSD (you may want to do this anyway - it's the most
often updated repository for general information).

1. To install FreeBSD you will need 3 (or 4 if you choose to add the optional
DOS floppy) floppies, as well as the bulk of the distribution on some
other medium (floppy, tape, CD, etc). If you've retrieved this release
from the net, you'll first have to make the floppies yourself using
the supplied images.

Due to the differences in PC configurations, we've found it necessary
to provide multiple initial boot images that provide kernels for
different types of systems.

If your disk controller is one of:

MFM / RLL / IDE / ST506
Adaptec 154x series
Adaptec 174x series
Buslogic 545S

Then please use the disk image: kcopy_ah.flp
to construct your boot floppy.

If your disk controller is one of:

Bustek 742a
UltraStore 14F or 34F

Then please use the disk image: kcopy_bt.flp
to construct your boot floppy.

Next, make a second floppy from the disk image: filesyst.flp
You'll need this for the second stage of the boot process.

Finally, make a third floppy from the disk image: cpio.flp
You'll need this for the last stage of the boot process.

If you want to use any of the optional tools in the tools
subdirectory of the ftp distribution site, these should be
copied directly to a DOS formatted disk (using, either mcopy
or mount -t pcfs). This disk is referred to later as the
optional "dos" floppy.

If installing more than one operating system on a disk, then
it is recommended that the dos floppy at least include the
os-bs boot manager. If downloading files via a modem and SLIP
is not available, then the dos floppy should include kermit.
You'll have the option of loading the programs that are on
the dos floppy in the last stage of the boot process.

2. Boot the first floppy. When it asks you to insert the file system floppy,
insert the second floppy ``filesyst.flp.'' Follow the instructions
that floppy gives you. If partitions already exist on the hard disk,
then by default FreeBSD attempts to install itself at the end of these.
Before rebooting, note the type of disk it says to copy the kernel
to: ``sd0a'' or ``wd0a'' (``sd0a'' is for SCSI systems, ``wd0a'' is
for all others.) When the system halts, go on to the next step.

3. Boot the first floppy again, but this time when it asks
you to insert the file system floppy, just press the return key.
Follow the instructions that the floppy gives you. When you see
the ``kc>'' prompt, type ``copy'' (without quotes). At the next prompt,
``copy kernel to>'', type either ``sd0a'' or ``wd0a'' as given in
the previous step. When the system halts, go on to the next step.

4. Making sure that there's no floppy in the drive, press return to boot
from the hard disk. After it has booted and is asking what drive the
cpio floppy is in, insert the third floppy ``cpio.flp'' into a
floppy drive and answer the question about what drive it is in.
Note that 0 is the same as DOS drive A:, and 1 is the same as DOS
drive B:

5. After the cpio floppy has been copied to the disk, remove it from the
drive. If there are programs on the dos-floppy that you would like
installed, then insert this disk in a floppy drive, again specifying
the drive to read from.

6. After the cpio (or optional dos) floppy has been copied to the disk,
enter `halt' at the command prompt.

7. When the system asks you to press the return key to reboot, first
remove the floppy and then press the return key to boot from the hard

8. At this point you will get 4 errors from the fsck on boot, these
are normal and are caused by files that were open when the
/dev entries were built - just ignore them. The system will
correct these errors and then halt, after which you should press
the return key again to reboot with a clean system.

9. Congratulations, you've got the mini FreeBSD system on your disk!

10. Follow the instructions about set_tmp_dir and extract that
will come on your screen after you've pressed the return key.

11. Run the configure command to set up some of the /etc files by
typing ``configure''. You will have to edit /etc/netstart after
this if you have a networking interface.

12. Reboot so that the system comes up multiuser by typing ``reboot''.

13. You are now running FreeBSD! Congratulations! You may now continue
with installing the source distribution, or stop here for now.

14. The file /magic contains the special sh commands used during
installation. Should you need to use them you can do the following.

. /magic

15. If your disk has several operating systems, you may want to
install the Thomas Wolfram's os-bs boot manager for selecting
which system to boot. This works well with DOS, OS/2, FreeBSD
and other systems. To install it, boot the system with MS-DOS
and insert the dos-floppy of the FreeBSD install suite in
floppy drive A:. Then enter the DOS commands:
> A:
> os-bs135
> cd os-bs
> os-bs
A menu should now appear on the screen. Use the cursor keys
to highlight the install option and hit ENTER. Simply follow the
instructions from there.

For more information about the ob-bs program, including its
capabilities and limitations, see the file `readme.1st' in the
os-bs directory.

If you choose not to install os-bs, then fdisk can be used to
change the boot system. This is done by making the primary
partition for the boot system active. FreeBSD has an fdisk
command that can be used for this purpose as well.

16. In addition to the FreeBSD source and binary distributions, many
additional packages, such as X11 and TeX, may be obtained from - please have a look around! You may also find
this a good time to read the release notes in RELNOTES.FreeBSD.

End of $Id: README.1ST,v 1.1 1994/06/28 09:01:53 jkh Exp $

  3 Responses to “Category : UNIX Files
Archive   : FREEBSD.ZIP
Filename : README.1ST

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: