Dec 222017
Various notes from Microsoft Knowledgebase on writing TSRs that work with Windows.
File WINTSR.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category Tutorials + Patches
Various notes from Microsoft Knowledgebase on writing TSRs that work with Windows.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
TSR1.TXT 8960 2712 deflated
TSR2.TXT 5120 2088 deflated
WINIDLE1.TXT 6400 2191 deflated

Download File WINTSR.ZIP Here

Contents of the TSR1.TXT file

Knowledge Base+
Title: INF: Calling a DLL Written for Windows from a TSR for MS-DOS
Document Number: Q67845 Publ Date: 19-MAY-1993
Product Name: Microsoft Windows Device Development Kit
Product Version: 3.00 3.10
Operating System: WINDOWS

The information in this article applies to:
- Microsoft Windows Device Development Kit for Windows versions 3.1
and 3.0
A TSR (terminate-and-stay-resident) program running under MS-DOS can
call a dynamic-link library (DLL) written for the Microsoft Windows
environment. This is possible by using the Interrupt 2Fh services
provided by Windows and the MS-DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI).
More Information:
To call the TSR program, an application can use the DPMI Simulate Real
Mode Interrupt function or the DPMI Call Real Mode Procedure function
with a FAR return frame.
To call a DLL from a TSR, perform the following four steps:
1. Design the function to be called from the TSR similar to an
interrupt service routine (ISR), and put it into a DLL. The module
definition (DEF) file for the DLL must contain the statement CODE
PRELOAD FIXED. Here is a code fragment for a callback function:
; My callback code in a CODE PRELOAD FIXED Windows DLL
; Note: The real mode CS:IP in the real mode CallStruct must
; be fixed up for IRET to work correctly, as shown below:
My_Call_Back: ; The real mode callback entry
; On entry to this routine:
; DS:SI -> Real mode SS:SP
; ES:DI -> Real mode call structure
; Interrupts disabled
; On exit:
; ES:DI -> Real mode call structure
call Do_It ; Function that handles
; the callback
lodsw ; Get real mode IP from stack
mov WORD PTR es:[di+2Ah|, ax ; Store IP in call struc
lodsw ; Get real mode CS from stack
mov WORD PTR es:[di+2Ch|, ax ; Store CS in call struc
add WORD PTR es:[di+2Eh|, 4 ; Bump real mode SP past CS:IP
iret ; Exit My_Call_Back
2. Use the DPMI Allocate Real Mode callback function to set up a
callback address to the function, as follows:
mov ax, 0303h ; Allocate real mode callback
; address
push ds
push cs
pop ds
mov si, OFFSET My_Call_Back
pop es
mov di, OFFSET MyRMCS ; Offset of real mode call
; structure, used for DPMI
; translation services
; (see Chapter 11 of the
; INTEL DPMI Spec. v 0.9)
int 31h ; Call DPMI
jc CB_Error ; If carry set, call failed
jmp Set_CB_Addr
mov ax, 1
jmp Set_CB_Exit
mov WORD PTR CB_Addr+2, cx ; Store SEG:OFF of callback
mov WORD PTR CB_Addr, dx ; address in local variable
Set_CB_Exit : ; Exit
3. Pass the real mode callback address, returned from the code above,
to the TSR and store it, as follows:
; Call the TSR, passing the real mode callback in BX:CX
mov bx, WORD PTR CB_Addr+2 ; Real mode callback seg
mov cx, WORD PTR CB_Addr ; Real mode callback off
mov ax, 8F00h ; ID and function number
int TSR_Int_No
cmp al, 00h
jz Notify_Success
mov al, 1 ; Return failure in AL
4. When it is time for the TSR to call the DLL, use Interrupt 2Fh to
determine whether the current virtual machine (VM) is VM 1 (the
Windows VM). If it is, use the assembly language statement CALL
DWORD PTR dwCallBackAddr to call the real mode callback address. If
the current VM is not VM 1, use the Interrupt 2Fh service Switch
VMs and Callback (Function 1685h). Specify the real mode callback
address stored in the TSR in step 3 above for the ES:BX value in
the call.
; Code in TSR, which is loaded before Windows
mov ax, 1683h ; Windows Interrupt 2Fh
int 2Fh ; (Get Current VM)
cmp bx, 1 ; Windows is always VM 1
; (version 3.0 *ONLY*)
jz Call_DLL ; We're in Windows VM
Switch_VMs_And_Call_DLL: ; We're not in Windows VM
mov ax, 1685h ; Windows Interrupt 2Fh
; switch VMs and callback
mov bx, 1 ; Windows 3.0 is always VM 1
mov cx, 0 ; All flags off
mov dx, 0 ; Priority boost not required
mov si, 0 ;
mov di, seg SwitchProc ; Segment of switch procedure
mov es, di ;
mov di, offset SwitchProc ; Offset of switch procedure
int 2Fh ;
jnc My_1685h_Success
; AX = error code: 1 = Invalid VM ID
; 2 = Invalid priority boost
; 3 = Invalid flags
jmp Call_DLL_Exit
mov ax, 0
jmp Call_DLL_Exit
Call DWORD PTR CB_Addr ; FAR CALL to real mode
; callback
iret ; return to caller or
; hardware interrupt
SwitchProc proc
push ds
push es
call DWORD PTR CB_Addr ; FAR CALL to real mode
; callback
pop es
pop ds
iret ; Switches back to VM from
; which it was called
SwitchProc endp
The four steps above allocate a unique procedure callback address and
pass it to the TSR, which stores the address. When the TSR calls the
DLL, if the Windows virtual machine (VM) is running, the TSR calls the
callback address directly. Otherwise, the TSR calls the Switch VMs and
Callback function to schedule the Windows virtual machine. One
parameter for this function is the address to call once the requested
VM is running.
In this case, the Windows scheduler switches VMs, then it calls the
SwitchProc function in the TSR. When SwitchProc calls the routine in
the DLL that corresponds to the allocated real mode callback address,
the DLL receives control to perform its processing.
Once the DLL completes its processing, it executes an IRET instruction
to return control to the SwitchProc. Then SwitchProc itself executes
an IRET instruction. At this point, the Windows scheduler switches
back to the VM from which it was called.
All Interrupt 2Fh functions are documented in Appendix C of the
"Microsoft Windows Device Driver Kit: Device Driver Adaptation Guide"
for Windows 3.1 and in Appendix D of the "Microsoft Windows Device
Development Kit Virtual Device Adaptation Guide" for Windows 3.0.
DPMI (Interrupt 31h) services are documented in the Intel document
"MS-DOS Protected Mode Interface Specification." A paper copy of the
DPMI specification is available free of charge from Intel Literature.
In the United States, contact Intel at (800) 548-4725. Outside the US,
contact the Intel distributor for your country.
Additional reference words: 3.00 3.10 DDKDPMI DDKTSR
KBSubcategory: IsrInt21Quest

COPYRIGHT Microsoft Corporation, 1992.

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