Contents of the EW.DOC file
Easy Working Writer for the IBM-PC & Compatibles
TABLE OF CONTENTS
What You Need to Know 3
Toggles & Defaults 3
Backing Up the Program 3
Copying the Program Onto a Hard Disk 4
Loading the Program 4
Setting Up the Program for Your Hardware 5
Selecting an Option 7
Getting Help 8
Entering Text 8
Entering Filenames 9
Easy Working Writer Menu Options 10
Cursor Movement and Other Special Keys 11
The FILE Menu 12
The EDIT Menu 14
The PRINT Menu 15
The TYPEFACE Menu 16
The OPTIONS Menu 17
The LAYOUT Menu 19
The SETUP Menu 21
Easy Working Writer is an easy-to-use program containing both a word
processor and a spelling checker. A word processor is like a
typewriter with expanded capabilities. Use it to write a document,
such as a letter, a paper, or a report, just as though you were using a
typewriter. But, unlike a typewriter, you can edit and format your
document easily and without retyping. With a word processor, once you
type the first draft, you only need to type in corrections and
additions to your text--you never need to retype the entire document.
Formatting, too, is a simple matter--with a single command, you can
change from single spacing to double spacing, center a title, boldface
a heading, or place a foreign word in italics.
The built-in Spelling Checker helps you find and replace misspelled
words before you print your document.
The simplest way to use EW Writer is:
1. Write the letter or document just as you would on a typewriter,
with one difference: don't press Enter at the end of each line.
The Writer will automatically "wrap-around" to the next line.
Only use the Enter key at the end of a paragraph.
2. Edit the document as necessary, changing words, correcting
misspellings, adding phrases, sentences, or even whole pages
3. Use the built-in Spelling Checker on your document.
4. Save the document on your disk.
5. Print the document.
6. Edit the document again, if it's necessary.
You can, of course, save, edit and print the document as many times as
you need. Also, you can "re-use" text--the draft of a letter to one
person can be edited into a letter for another.
EW Writer uses default or pre-set settings for all of its features,
such as margins and tabs so you can ignore any feature until you're
ready for it. Simply start typing. Then, if you want to use a feature,
such as a different typeface or a formatting command, look it up in
this chapter and put it to work.
We refer to the "current word" or "current paragraph" in this manual.
This is simply the word or paragraph on which the cursor is currently
positioned in your document.
What You Need To Know
EW Writer is designed for the first-time computer user. You don't need
to know how to use other programs, although it will certainly help. We
do assume you know how to turn on your computer and bring up the MS-DOS
or PC-DOS operating system. Consult the guide that came with your
computer if you're unfamiliar with this.
Toggles and Defaults
Two terms you need to know are default and toggle. A default is the
information the program uses unless you give it something else. For
example, when you run EW Writer on a floppy disk, it assumes the A:
drive is where all of its files are kept. If you are keeping word
processing files on separate disks, you'll have to tell the program to
use the disk in the B: drive. In this case, the default disk drive is
A toggle is an option with fixed choices, as in Yes or No. When you
"toggle" an option, you flip between the choices one after the other.
Before you begin using EW Writer, make a back-up copy of the program
and install the program on your hard disk if you have one. Back-ups
save time and energy if something should ever happen to your original
Backing Up The Program
Start your computer with DOS. Depending on how your computer is set up,
you may have to enter the time and date. The DOS prompt should be on
your screen. If you have a hard disk, the DOS prompt should appear as
C>. If you have a floppy disk, the DOS prompt should appear as A>.
The letter preceding the ">" identifies the address of the disk drive
where the computer was booted from (in most cases, the same disk drive
where DOS is located).
Type DISKCOPY A: B: and press Enter.
The DISKCOPY program (an internal DOS program) will be loaded, and when
instructed, put the "source disk" in drive A:, and the "target disk" in
drive B:. Source disk refers to the disk to be copied, or the source
material (such as the original EW Writer program disk.) Target disk
refers to the disk that will be copied to. Make sure the target disk
is new, or contains no valuable information as DISKCOPY will erase any
information that is currently on the target disk. It is safest to copy
onto a new, clean disk.
Drive A: refers to the first disk drive in your computer. If you don't
have a hard disk, the drive which contains DOS when you boot your
computer is drive A:. If you do have a hard disk and only one floppy
disk drive, then the floppy drive is considered to be drive A:. If you
have two floppy drives and a hard disk, it gets more confusing.
Typically, drive A: is on the left while drive B: is on the right; or
drive A: is on the top, and drive B: is on the bottom. If you are in
doubt as to which drive is which, consult your computer's manual.
If your computer has only one floppy disk drive, you can still copy
floppy disks. The computer assumes you have two drives, and prompts
you to switch the source and target disks back and forth during the
copying procedure. Just follow the prompts. When the computer says,
"Now insert target disk in drive A: and press Enter," take out the
source disk from drive A:, and replace it with the target disk. Then
The target disk doesn't have to be formatted before using DISKCOPY.
When DISKCOPY is used, it creates a mirror image of the source disk on
the target. Therefore, when DISKCOPY copies the disk, it also copies
When the message "Diskcopy complete. Copy another? Y/N" appears, type
N (No). When the DOS prompt appears, you're ready to proceed. Place
the original program disk in a safe place, and label the new back up
copy of the program.
Copying the Program Onto a Hard Disk
Start the computer with DOS. Then place the EW Writer program disk in
drive A:. When the C> prompt is on the screen, do the following:
Type A: and press Enter. This changes the disk drive from C: to
A:. Then type INSTALL and press Enter. This automatically copies
the program from the A: drive to the hard disk into a subdirectory
Loading the Program
Once you've made a back up of the program disk, and have copied the
program into your hard disk (if you have one), you are ready to load
the program. To do this:
Turn on your computer. (If you have a floppy drive system, make sure
DOS is in drive A: when you do this.)
HARD DISK USERS
Make sure you're logged to the C: drive (i.e. C> is on your screen).
Assuming you followed the previous instructions for installing EW
Writer on your hard disk:
Type CD \EASY and press Enter. Then type EW and press Enter to
FLOPPY DISK DRIVE USERS
Remove the DOS disk from drive A: after booting the computer. Place
the EW Writer back up program disk in drive A:. Then:
Type EW and press Enter.
-Setting Up the Program for Your Hardware
The first time you use EW Writer, the program must be configured to
your particular computer and printer. To do this:
Press ESC to get the Writer Main Menu. Then press the Right Arrow
key until the cursor highlights the option "Setup." Then press
Enter. (Alternatively, you can simply press S to select Setup.)
This produces the Setup Menu which has the following options:
The first 3 options may or may not require adjustments. The fourth
option lets you View the user manual. The fifth option is used to save
the setup changes you make. Once you make these changes, EW Writer will
be able to use your Setup configuration every time you start using the
This option allows you to configure programs to a non-standard computer
system. If you have a hard disk and you've followed the INSTALL
procedure, you won't have to modify the "Disk Drive" option. If you
have a floppy disk drive system, this is optional because EW Writer
assumes you have the program (EW Writer disk) in drive A:, and a data
disk in drive B:. A data disk is a formatted disk where you can
store files you create. If you're using a floppy drive system, insert
a data disk in drive B to save something you've written. The
program disk will not allow data files to be stored on it, so
you'll need a blank data disk for storage.
To change the designated disk drive locations:
Select "Disk Drives" from the Setup Menu by pressing the letter D,
or the Down Arrow until "Disk Drives" is highlighted. Then press
Enter to produce the Select Drives Menu. The following list
explains the items on this menu:
Data Files - This tells the program where to find or store any
files you create with the program.
Program Files - This tells the program on which drive its own
program files are located. These two options are
designated by a disk drive letter; A: for the A
drive, B: for the B drive, and C: for the C drive
(usually the drive address for a hard disk drive).
Path - The "Path" is more confusing. It is most relevant
for users with hard disk drives. If you don't have
a hard disk drive, leave this line blank and skip
this section by pressing Enter, or F2. If you do
have a hard drive, and you don't know what the path
is, read your DOS manual.
If you have a color monitor, you can choose the colors on the screen
and specify whether you have an EGA or CGA card. To do this:
Select "Video" from the Setup Menu and press Enter. (Or type V.) This
produces the Video Menu. Use the Space Bar to display the different
options. When the name of the adaptor you're using displays, press F2
to accept it. This produces another screen displaying options you can
use. Press the Space Bar until the color combination you like appears.
Then press F2 again, and the colors you selected will become the
default colors. You can change them back, or change them again if you
You need to indicate the type of printer you are using. Select
"Printer" from the Setup Menu which produces a list of printers. Use
the PgUp and PgDn keys to move the cursor through the list. When the
name of your printer appears, highlight it and then press Enter to
select it. You will then go to the Printer Setup screen where you
select the port for your printer. After you select the port, you will
return to the Setup Menu.
If you wish to View the user manual while you are using the program,
select the View Manual option on the Setup menu. The manual will
then scroll screen by screen. When you want to exit from the View
Manual option, press ESC. You will return to the Setup Menu.
The last step in configuring EW Writer is to save the Setup information
you've just specified. Once you do this, you won't have to do it again
(or change the Setup information) unless you change hardware, or want
to change the specified disk drives, paths, etc. If you don't save
the Setup information, all the specifications you've just made will be
lost when you turn off the computer.
When you select "Save Setup," the program checks that all the Disk
Drive information you specified is correct. If any of this information
is wrong, (i.e. you have specified the wrong path for the program's
location), an error message will display. If this occurs, re-select
"Disk Drives", check the path names to make sure there are no typos,
and that you've specified the correct location for the program files.
Once the Setup information has been saved, you are ready to use the
EW Writer uses "pop-up" menus called so because they work like
restaurant menus: they offer you a set of choices or options while
extending from the Main Menu.
When you first run EW Writer, you will drop directly into the Writer
screen. Press Escape to return to the Main Menu. To see the pop-up
menu choices, press the Shift key or your CAPS LOCK key. As you use
the arrow keys to move through the menu, press Shift to cause the
different pop-up menus to appear.
Try it now. There are cursor arrow keys on the key pad part of your
keyboard. Depending on your computer, you may have a separate set of
arrow keys. The File option will be highlighted. Press the key
labeled 6 ->. The highlighted bar will move from "File" to "Edit" to
"Print," and so on. If you press Shift when "Setup" is highlighted,
the Setup Menu will pop up. (If the highlighted bar doesn't move when
you press the 6->, press your Num Lock key once and try again.) You can
use the 4 <- and 6 -> keys (the left arrow and right arrow keys) to
move to the left and right on the menus. If the option you move to
has a pop-up menu, press Shift to cause the menu to pop up. Options
such as "Quit," which don't have a pop-up menu, will just highlight the
On a monochrome monitor, highlighting changes the option from green (or
amber or white) letters on a black background to black letters on a
bright background. On a color monitor, highlighting changes the colors
of the letters and background.
When you move past the last option, "Quit," the menu will wrap-around
to the first option. This happens in the other direction, too: when
you move to the left of the first option, "File," the "Quit" option
will change color or highlight.
Selecting an Option
EW Writer gives you two ways to select options. Use whichever one is
most convenient for you. The two ways are:
Graphically. Press the arrow keys until the option you want is
highlighted. Then press Enter or the down arrow. (The Enter key
may be labeled "Return" or "Enter" or have an arrow on it:
"<--|". We call it the Enter key throughout this manual. The
down arrow key is the key pad 2.)
By Letter. Type the first letter of the option's name. You
don't have to press the Enter key--the program will automatically
select the option. If you are in the Main Menu and want to
select an option on a pop-up menu, first select the option that
contains the pop-up menu. For example, to select "Setup Printer,"
you must first select "Setup" from the Main Menu.
When you select an option, EW Writer guides you through it. If the
program needs more information, such as the name of a file or a start
and end page, it displays a screen asking for the information that is
needed. This screen is called a "dialog box" because it is where EW
Writer has a dialog with you, the user.
EW Writer has a built-in help system. Whenever you want help with an
operation, just press F1 and the Help screen pops up. (F1 is the
function key labeled "F1." Most PCs have 10 function keys on the left
side of the keyboard. Some may have the function keys along the top
of the keyboard or they may have more than 10 function keys.
Regardless, the keys will all be labeled F1, F2, F3, F4, and so on.)
There are two parts to the help system. The first screen summarizes
the keys you can use in EW Writer. Press F1 again when this screen is
showing, and see more information about the operation you were
performing when you first asked for Help. Use the PgUp and PgDn keys to
move through this text.
The second part of the help system is a Help Index. For help on a
different topic, choose F2 from the summary screen. You will see a
list of the help that is available within the application. Move your
cursor to the topic you want to read about and press Enter. You will
see detailed text about the topic you chose. Use the PgUp and PgDn keys
to move through this text.
Press Escape when you're done. The Help menu will disappear and you
will return to whatever you were doing. These are the keys you can use
when looking at Help:
F1 Show more help. Press F1 again and additional screens
appear. Use the PgUp and PgDn keys to move through text.
F2 See a list of Help available. Choose any of these
options to see more.
Escape Leave the Help system. You may have to press Escape more
than once, but it will always back you out of the Help
When a dialog box asks for information, simply type it in. They're set
up so you can only enter text in certain places so you don't type
something in the wrong place by mistake. When you're at the end of a
screen, press F2. EW Writer will respond to the information on the
If you notice a mistake, use the arrow keys to move to the information.
When the cursor is on the information, type the correction over the
existing information. If there are extra letters left over, press the
Delete key to erase them.
These are the keys you can use when you're entering information in a
Up Arrow Jump one field up.
Tab Jump to the next field.
Down Arrow Jump one field down.
Shift/Tab Jump to the previous field.
Home Jump to the first field in the box.
Note the Tab key, which is usually on the left side of the keyboard,
may be labeled "Tab" or have a "--->|" symbol on it. Also, the Home
key is on the numeric key pad, although your computer may have an extra
set of cursor (or arrow) keys as well.
At times, there are only a few possible choices you can enter. For
example, in Setup Video, there are various colors of text and borders
to choose from. In cases like this, EW Writer will display the first
choice with a message, "Space select."
Press the SpaceBar to see each choice in turn. When you reach the end
of the list, it starts over. When the choice you want is shown, press
Enter. If the list is a long one, press F3 for a pop-up menu of the
available choices. Move your cursor to the choice you want. Press Enter.
Whenever you're asked to enter a filename, whether it be to load or
save, write to file or read from file, the Filename Screen will appear.
Enter the filename if you know the exact name. The path will default
to what you setup in Setup Disk Drives. Enter the path if you want to
override the default.
If you're saving the file for the first time, choose a name to help you
remember what the file is about. Type the name, press Enter, and it
will be saved. If the filename already exists on the disk, the program
will ask if you want to overwrite it. Answer yes and the program will
replace the old file with the new information you just entered. To
keep an old file while saving a new one, enter a new filename for
the current file.
If you forget the exact name of a file, press F3 to access a directory
without leaving the screen. Or type "wildcard" characters in the
filename box to narrow down the directory you get (i.e. 'word' would
show all files which begin with 'word').
After typing a name or path to narrow down the directory search, press
F3. A directory will appear containing only those files relevant to
the application you're in and the wild card characters entered. Move
the cursor to the filename you want and press Enter.
The option "Quit" on the Main Menu takes you out of the program back to
Easy Working Writer Menu Options
When you first load the program from DOS, you go directly into a
document where you can start typing immediately. The top four lines of
your monitor display the current layout information. Each of the terms
on these lines are explained below:
Memory shows how much computer memory is available. Typeface
shows the current typeface. Layout shows the type of text layout
chosen such as ALIGN or CENTER. The left bracket < shows the
left margin. The vertical lines | show the position of the tab
settings. The right bracket > shows the right margin of your
The remaining lines on the screen are for your documents. If a
document is less than or equal to 80 characters wide, each line will
appear. If a document is wider than 80 columns, the word processor
will show as much of it (starting at the left margin) as possible. Any
text beyond the right side of the screen will be cut off. To see the
rest of the line, move the cursor beyond the right side of the screen.
As you do, the screen will be scrolled to the left one character at a
To edit text you've already entered, use the F3 through F6 keys. You
can also choose the editing commands from the Main Menu. "Mark" your
block of text by moving the cursor to the beginning of the block you
want to mark. Press F3 and then move the cursor to the end of the
block. The block you are marking will be highlighted.
To cut or delete a marked block, press F5. To memorize the block to be
pasted or written to a file without erasing the block marked, press F4.
To perform any other type of block editing, use the function keys as
described below or choose them from the menu that appears when you
press Enter after marking a block. For any other Writer feature,
return to the Main Menu by pressing the Escape key.
When you select Quit, you will return to DOS. To return to
the Writer screen from the Writer Main Menu, press Escape. A brief
summary of the Writer Main Menu options follows:
FILE Loads and saves documents.
EDIT Cuts and pastes blocks of text.
PRINT Prints document, displays printed document on screen,
prints to file.
TYPEFACE Selects different typefaces (bold, italic,underline).
OPTIONS Searches and replaces text, spell checks your
LAYOUT Changes the format of page (including centering,
SETUP Configures EW Writer to your particular hardware.
QUIT Leaves the Writer Main Menu and returns to DOS.
Cursor Movement and Other Special Keys
You can use a number of keys to control the cursor and perform other
operations. Remember that the Ctrl and Alt keys work like the Shift
To press Ctrl-F, hold down the Ctrl key and press the letter F.
To press Alt-F, hold down the Alt key and press the letter F.
CURSOR MOVEMENT KEYS
Down Arrow Move down one line in your document.
Up Arrow Move up one line in your document.
Left Arrow Move one character to the left.
Right Arrow Move one character to the right.
Enter Move to the beginning of the next line.
Ctrl-Left Arrow Move to the beginning of line.
Ctrl-Right Arrow Move to the end of line.
Ctrl-F Move forward one word.
Ctrl-R Move backward one word.
Home Go to the top of screen.
End Go to the bottom of screen.
PgDn Move to the next screenful of text.
PgUp Move to the previous screenful of text.
Ctrl-PgDn Move to the next page in the document.
Ctrl-PgUp Move to the previous page in the document.
Ctrl-Home Go to the top of document.
Ctrl-End Go to the bottom of document.
Ctrl G Move cursor to current bookmark
Ctrl L Insert page break before current cursor
Ctrl S Bookmark repositioned to current cursor
The Function keys duplicate some of the more commonly used commands
found on the Main Menu. Use the Function Keys or the Main Menu options
interchangeably-the Function Keys are there to make it easier for you.
F3 Mark block.
F4 Memorize marked block.
F5 Cut to memory.
F6 Paste from memory.
F7 Find text.
F8 Load a document.
F9 Save a document.
F10 Print the current document.
Ins Toggle between insert and overwrite modes. (Insert
pushes existing characters to the right as you type.
Overwrite types over existing characters.)
BackSpace Delete the last character typed.
Del Delete the current character.
Alt-W Delete the word at the current cursor position.
Alt-P Delete the paragraph that currently contains the cursor.
Alt-L Delete the current line.
Alt-H Toggle the display to show hard returns.
Alt-F Search forward for next occurrence of search string.
Alt-R Search backward for last occurrence of search string.
NOTE: When using Alt-F and Alt-R, a search string must be specified
under "Options" in the Writer Main Menu.
Alt B Put the current word in Bold.
Alt U Underline word at cursor.
Alt N Put the current word in Normal typeface.
Alt C Center paragraph.
Alt S Spell check.
The FILE Menu
FILE lets you load and save document files. It can clear the document
you're currently working with and pull up another, show a directory
listing, and create an ASCII file. (The description of the Write ASCII
option explains ASCII files in detail.)
Select the option you want from the FILE menu. When you are done using
FILE, use the left or right arrow keys to move to the option you want
to use next.
This option loads a previously created document. If you're working
on a document when you select Load Text, the Writer will ask whether
to save the document before loading the new document. Select Yes to
save the current document. Select No to erase it.
An Input Box asks for the filename to load. Enter the name and
extension if necessary, and press Enter. Remember, you can get a
directory of the files available by pressing F3. The file will be
loaded and you will immediately drop into the EWW screen.
This option lets you save the current document into a file. When you
select Save Text, an Input Box asks for the name to save the file
under. Type the filename and the extension if there is one and press
Enter. The file will be saved and you will return to the Writer screen.
New Text erases the current document so you can work on a new one. When
you select New Text, the Writer asks whether to save your current
document before erasing it. Select Yes to save the current document
before erasing it. Select No to erase the current document.
This option lets you save the current document as an ASCII file. An
ASCII file is more universally readable than an EW Writer file so they
can be imported into other programs.
Most word processors, including this one, put commands into files that
control such things as margins, boldfacing and underlining, etc. Each
word processor uses a different set of commands which means you can't
use a file from one word processor directly in another. So you have
to convert files to ASCII, which can be read by almost all word
processors, then read the ASCII file into the new word processor.
When would you want to convert a document to ASCII? Save a document as
an ASCII file when you want to use it in another program. For example,
you might do this to prepare a file so your friend could use it on
another word processor.
When you select Write ASCII, an Input Box asks for the name you want to
save the file under. The current name of the file, if it has one, is
shown by default.
-To save the ASCII file under the current filename, press F2.
-To save the ASCII file under a new name and extension, enter it,
and press F2.
CAUTION: If you save the ASCII file under the current name of the
file, you will overwrite the current formatting.
The Directory option shows a list of files on a disk. When selected, a
box showing the name, size, date and time last edited of all files or
subdirectories will appear.
When you are finished looking at the directory listing, press Esc.
You'll return to the Main Menu. You can also load a file through the
Directory by highlighting the file you want to load and pressing Enter.
This erases a file you've previously saved from the disk. Type in the
filename and press Enter (You can also press F3 to see the directory).
When asked if you're sure you want to remove this file, select Yes or
No and press F2 to accept.
This initializes disks for use by the program. When prompted, insert a
new or reusable disk into your floppy drive and press Enter. Make
sure you want to reuse the disk, as the Format command will erase
anything currently on the disk.
The EDIT Menu
The EDIT function lets you select a block or paste already saved text
into the current document. Cut and paste on a computer works in the
same way as cutting and pasting typewritten pages: you cut a portion of
text out of one page and paste it on another page. Of course, using EW
Writer is a lot less messy.
After you cut or memorize a block of text, it is stored in the
computer's memory. Paste it into your document whenever you want. The
block will still be in memory after you save the current document, so
you can cut a block from one document and paste it into another, using
it as much as you want until you exit from the Writer, or until you cut
or memorize a new block.
Select Block lets you mark a block of text to be cut or memorized.
When you choose Select Block from the Edit Menu an Input Box will
appear. Move the cursor to the beginning of the text you want to
work with and press F3.
When the next dialog box appears, move the cursor to the end of the
text you want to cut. At this point, you have several choices:
F3 Re-mark. Press F3 to erase the beginning of the block and
start again. The Input Box will ask you to move to the
beginning of the text you want to cut and press F3 again.
F4 Memorize. Use F4 to leave the block where it is and make a
copy of the block.
F5 Cut. Use F5 to remove the block from the text and use it.
Esc Exit. Cancel the operation and return to the Writer Main
Enter Display the Writer edit menu. This menu lets you perform
edit functions on just the marked block of text rather than
the whole document.
Choose one operation and press the appropriate key. After you press F4,
the Writer will make a copy of the block and the highlighting will
After you press F5, the Writer will cut the block from the text and
reformat the document to close up the space where the block of text
At this point, use the Paste from Memory option or the F6 key to paste
the block into another location in your document.
-Paste from Memory
This option lets you insert a block of text into your document. Make
sure to cut or memorize the block, using "Select Block," before you try
to paste it.
Move the cursor to where you want to place the block. Choose Paste
from Memory from the Edit Menu. The block will be pasted into the
document, starting from the cursor. The text will automatically be
reformatted to include the block. If you try to paste a block before
you have cut or memorized one, EWW will beep and return you to the Main
-Read From File
This option lets you paste text from a file into your document. Since
the cut or memorized block disappears when you leave the Writer, you
can only use it for cutting and pasting during one working session.
There may be pieces of text you reuse day after day, such as the
salutation and heading of a letter. Save these into a file and then
use "Read from File" to paste them into your document.
This option can merge two files together, if you have two pieces of one
document you work with separately. Simply load the first file and
read the second file into the first.
Move the cursor to where you want to place the block. Choose Read from
File from the Edit Menu. The Writer asks for the name of the file to
read. Type in the name of the file and press Enter.
The file will be transferred to your document, starting from the cursor.
The text will automatically be reformatted to include the block.
-Write to File
Mark the block you want to write to a file. Press Enter to get to the
Writer Main Menu. Select Write to File within Edit. When prompted for
the filename under which you want to save this block, enter the name
and press Enter.
The PRINT Menu
This option lets you print the current document. You can specify how
many copies will be printed, and whether to print all or a portion of
the document. You can also see how a document will look when it's
printed, or "print" it to a file. Select the option you want from the
menu. (See explanations that follow.)
Printer sends a document to your printer. It will be formatted
according to the Page Layout and Typeface commands. Or print the
current document by pressing F10. Remember to first select your
printer in the Setup option on the Main Menu.
View will "print" your document on the screen. All formatting will be
shown, wherever possible. Typefaces won't appear because of the
limitations of the PC screen, but you can see page breaks, the effects
of various indentations, and so forth. View will show one screenful at
a time. Press the SpaceBar to see the next screenful. When the
document is finished being previewed, press Esc to return to the
File will "print" your document to a file. The file will be properly
formatted and will contain the necessary printer commands for different
typefaces, page breaks, etc. Printing to a file is useful if you want
to print the file at a future date.
Select File from the Printer screen. The Writer will ask for the
name of the file. Type in the filename and press Enter. If the file
already exists you will be asked if you want to overwrite it. Enter
Yes or No and press F2.
"Setup" allows you to modify the current printer settings. Change the
fields that you want to change, and when finished, press F2. You can
change the following:
No. of Copies How many copies to print. The default is one. The
max is 99.
Start Page The page at which to begin printing. The default is
the first page.
End Page The page at which to stop printing. The default is
the last page.
Pause on If using single sheets of paper, you'll want the
Page Feed printer to pause after each page is ejected so that
you can insert a new page. If you're using tractor
feed paper (connected sheets with pinholes at the
side), enter No.
Use Printer If you don't want the typefaces to appear, enter No.
Controls If you DO want them to appear, enter Yes. This
option is useful if you're printing on a different
printer than the one for which you set EW Writer.
Quality Print If your printer has two print qualities and you've
told EWW how to select them (in the Main Menu
Printer Setup), you can choose to print Draft
Quality (faster but lesser print quality) or Letter
Quality (slower, but better quality print). The
default is Draft Quality. Enter Yes for Letter
Quality print or No for Draft Quality print.
Pitch Enter 10 for Pica or 12 for Elite. The default is
The TYPEFACE Menu
Typeface lets you customize a document to include different typestyles,
such as bold, underlining, italics, and so on. Your printer must be
able to print these options for them to appear on the page. Use the
Setup Menu to tell your printer to use these typestyles.
Note that these typefaces appear highlighted on your screen. Don't
worry if a sentence doesn't appear boldfaced or underlined. It will
be done when you print the document. There are two ways to use this
Select a typeface and begin typing. EWW will use the new typeface
until you select a new one. This is most useful when you are
first creating the text.
Mark a block, using F3, and then select a typeface. The Writer
will change the typeface of the marked block. This is more
useful if you want to change the typeface of existing text.
Select the typeface you want to use. Your typeface choices are listed
below. You can only have one typeface at a time--you can't have
underlined AND boldfaced text, for example, only underlined OR
boldfaced. However, you can have more than one typeface within the
document. Use the two options explained previously. If you select a
typeface that cannot be printed, the text will appear as normal text.
Normal The normal text.
Underline The normal text underlined.
Bold Bold-faced text is printed twice so it is darker
than the normal text.
Italics Italics show up as true italics, if your printer can
The OPTIONS Menu
"Options" provides several additional features: find text, search and
replace, and Spell-Checking your document. Select the option you want.
Each is explained below.
Find Text searches for a "string" of text which is simply a group of
characters, (letters, numbers, spaces and/or punctuation). EWW can
search for strings up to 20 characters long. Choose whether or not the
search will be case-sensitive. A case-sensitive search matches the
difference between upper and lower case letters in the search string. A
case-insensitive search (not case-sensitive) ignores the difference
between upper and lower case letters in the search string. This
operates from the location of your cursor forward.
Say you want to find the next time the word "will" appears in a letter.
A case-sensitive search will not find the word if it appears in the
text as "Will" or "WILL." A case-insensitive search will find the word
"will" whether or not it appears as "will," "Will," "wiLL," or "WILL."
Select Find Text from the Options Menu and enter the string, up to
20 characters, you want to find. If the search will be case-sensitive,
make sure to type the string using the right case.
Specify whether the search will be case-sensitive or not, and press F2.
The cursor will stop at the next occurrence of the word. To continue
finding text, use the ALT-F and ALT-R keys to search forward and
Replace Text searches for a string of text and replaces it with another
string (up to 20 characters long). The two strings don't have to be
the same length so you can replace the string: "a nice day" with "a
fantastic day" or vice versa.
Choose whether the search is case-sensitive. You can tell the Writer
whether to ask or "verify" before replacing a word or to find and
replace every occurrence of the word automatically. Find and replace
with verify is useful to change some occurrences of a word, whereas
find and replace without verify is useful to change every occurrence
of a word. This operates from the location of your cursor forward.
Suppose you're writing a short story and decide to change a character's
name from Will to George. If you use an automatic case-sensitive find
and replace, the Word Processor will change the word "Will" as well as
the character's name:
"Will you visit us in the country?" Will asked.
"George you visit us in the country?" George asked.
A find and replace with verify is more appropriate in this case. If
the character's name was Hannah and you wanted to change it to Rachel,
you could use an automatic find and replace, since "Hannah" doesn't
have another meaning.
Select Replace Text from the Options Menu, and an Input Box will
appear. Enter the string, up to 20 characters, you want to find.
If the search will be case-sensitive, make sure to type it using
the right case.
Enter the replacement string. Specify whether the search will be
case-sensitive or not. Specify whether the Writer should verify
the replacement. Press F2.
The Writer will look for the first occurrence of the search pattern.
If you told the Writer NOT to verify the replacement, it will
automatically replace the word and look for the next occurrence of the
search pattern and stops when it reaches the end of the text.
If you told the Writer to verify the replacement, it stops when it
finds the string and displays an Input Box. Press F2 to replace the
text. It replaces the string and looks for the next occurrence of the
search pattern. It will stop at the end of the text.
Press F3 to leave the original string alone. The Writer will NOT
replace the word. It looks for the next occurrence of the search
pattern and ask again. It stops at the end of the text. Press Esc to
cancel the Replace operation.
Spell Check checks the spelling of the words in your document against
the dictionary contained in the program. You can also create your own
dictionary to include words that aren't in the standard one.
Move the cursor to the position where you want to begin the spell
check. To check your entire document, move the cursor to the very
beginning. Select Spell Check from the Options menu. The Spelling
Checker will start to work.
If no misspelled words are found, the Spelling Checker displays a
box with the message: "No Misspelled Words". You'll be returned
to the Word Processor Menu. If a misspelled word is found, the word
will be highlighted and an Input Box will appear with the word in
question. You have the following choices:
a. Change the misspelled word by typing in the corrections.
These kind of changes are most useful when you notice a typo,
such as typing "teh" for "the." Press F2 to continue the
Spell Check and to recheck the spelling of the word. To change
a misspelled word and correct all occurrences of that word,
b. Leave the word as it is and press F6 to continue. Sometimes
the word is correct, but isn't in the spelling checker's
dictionary (i.e. technical or specialized terms like rhizome or
bipolar or proper names). You can also press F7 to skip all
occurrences of that word in your document.
Press F4 to add the "questionable" word to your dictionary if you
think you'll be using it a lot. Press ESC to quit the spell
checking. When you press ESC, the spell checking will stop, and
you'll return to the Writer Main Menu.
NOTE: To delete words from your user dictionary, load the file
"USR.dct" into your word processor, make the changes, and save it as
an ASCII file under the same name using the "Write ASCII" command.
The LAYOUT Menu
"Layout" lets you customize your document. Specify such things as
single- or double-spacing, margins, and so on. Most of these options
take effect immediately. When selected, the LAYOUT menu appears.
Select the option you want from the menu.
"Page Layout" allows you to define the margins, tab settings, and
header and footer of your document. Enter the changes and press F2.
These changes reformat your document. Feel free to change the layout
at any time. You can change:
Left Margin Set the left margin of the document. The default
is 11 spaces from the left edge of the paper.
Right Margin Set the right margin. The default is 70, which
leaves 10 spaces from the last letter to the right
edge of the paper.
Top Margin Specify the number of blank lines from the top of
the page to the start of text. The default is 6
Bottom Margin Specify the number of lines from the top of the
page to the bottom of the text. The default is 61,
which leaves 5 lines from the last printed line to
the bottom edge of the paper.
Paper Length Specify how many lines there are on the page. The
Writer prints 6 lines per inch, so a standard 8
1/2 by 11 inch page has 66 lines on it (6 lines x
11 inches). The default is 66 lines. Don't
change this unless you are using paper that is not
11 inches long.
Tab Settings Set the tab stops. When you type any number in
the tab setting field, the default settings will
be deleted. Separate tab settings with a comma:
5, 10, 15, 20 etc.
Number of Specify how many title pages there are in the
Title Pages document. The header and footer don't appear on
Header A header is text that appears at the top of every
page. It is vertically centered in the top margin.
Center Specify whether or not to center the header.
Typeface Specify the typeface of the Header.
Text Type the text of the header as you want it to
appear (enter up to 2 lines.) If you want the page
number to appear in the header, put a pound sign
(#) in your header at the location you want the
page number to appear.
Footer A Footer is text that appears at the bottom of
every page. It will be vertically centered in the
Center Specify whether to center the Footer.
Typeface Specify the typeface of the Footer.
Text Type the text of the Footer as you want it to
appear. You can enter up to 2 lines of text. If
you want the page number to appear in the footer,
put a pound sign (#) in your footer at the
location you want the page number to appear.
This option centers each line of text currently marked according to
current left and right margins. If no block is marked, the paragraph
where the cursor is located will be centered.
This causes all text in the currently marked block to be aligned on the
left margin only. If no block is marked, the current paragraph will be
left aligned. It counteracts any centering or justification that has
been set on the block or paragraph.
This tells the Writer to break the current page at the current location
of the cursor. The Writer insets a double line to show the page break.
To delete a forced page break, place the cursor on the first character
of the new page and press the backspace key.
Sets all of the text within the currently marked block to single
spacing. If no block is marked, the current paragraph will be single
Sets all of the text within the currently marked block to double
spacing. If no block is marked, the current paragraph will be double
The SETUP Menu
Please see Part 1, GETTING STARTED, for an explanation of the SETUP
The QUIT Command
This option returns you to DOS. If you've changed the document since
the last time you saved it, you'll be asked if you want to save
the document before exiting. Enter No to exit WITHOUT saving any
recent editing changes; or type Yes to remain in the document.
*NOTE* - You do not have the right to make unlimited copies of this
software, as it is protected by computer software copyright laws.
Backup copies are for personal use by the purchaser only, and any
additional copies are UNLAWFUL without written permission from
Spinnaker Software Corp. It is ILLEGAL to use this product on more
than one machine at a time, and to give a copy to someone else.
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corp.
Easy Working Writer is a registered trade mark of Spinnaker Software
Corp. This product is copyrighted and all rights are reserved by
Spinnaker Software Corporation. The distribution and sale of this
product are intended for the use of the original purchaser only and for
use only on the computer system specified. Lawful users of this
program are hereby licensed only to read the program from its medium
into memory of a computer for the purpose of executing this program.
Copying, duplicating, selling or otherwise distributing this product
is hereby expressly forbidden.
Copyright 1987 Spinnaker Software Corp., One Kendall Square, Cambridge
MA 02139. All rights reserved.