Dec 172017
 
Cumberland Tree v3.1 easy "family tree" generator.
File CTREE31.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category Databases and related files
Cumberland Tree v3.1 easy “family tree” generator.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
BACKUP.BAT 59 38 deflated
CSORT.EXE 89005 50715 deflated
CTREE.CFG 572 146 deflated
CTREE.EXE 467488 159334 deflated
CTREE.HLP 68517 20616 deflated
HISTORY.DAT 403 141 deflated
INDIVID.DAT 4843 1037 deflated
INDIVID.K01 2560 462 deflated
INDIVID.K02 1024 126 deflated
MANUAL.TXT 79523 20622 deflated
MARRIAGE.DAT 1116 329 deflated
MARRIAGE.K01 1024 70 deflated
ORDER.TXT 2160 428 deflated
PLACE.DAT 396 225 deflated
PLACE.K01 1024 191 deflated
REGISTER.TXT 2541 621 deflated
TIMELINE.DAT 377 163 deflated
USERID.DAT 483 238 deflated

Download File CTREE31.ZIP Here

Contents of the MANUAL.TXT file




CUMBERLAND TREE: The Easy Family Tree Program - Version 3.1
Suggested BBS name, this version: CTREE31.ZIP

A shareware software package from
Cumberland Software
404 Corinne Cr.
Clarksville, TN 37040
===================================================================
You must add or edit the following lines of your CONFIG.SYS file in
the root directory and reboot to run this program:
FILES=40
BUFFERS=20
This program is too large to run from a 360K diskette. You must
have a hard drive. The program is distributed in a PKZIP file. Run
the INSTALL program to automatically create a subdirectory called
DIARY on your hard drive if you do not know how to extract ZIP
files. On distribution disks of this program the following files
will be found:
README Readme documentation
INSTALL.BAT The installation batch file
PKUNZIP.EXE PKZIP extract program
CTREE31.ZIP Cumberland Tree ZIP file

To install type:
INSTALL
EXAMPLE: INSTALL A C
To start program type: CTREE

The program comes with a small sample database which can be
used to study the program. To clear out the database, use the
"Empty Data Files" selection from the F2-Files Menu.
A manual is included on this disk. To print the manual, select
"Print Manual" from the "F7-Utilities" menu.
===================================================================
CUMBERLAND TREE: THE BEST GENEALOGY PROGRAM AVAILABLE!

The CUMBERLAND TREE Family Tree program is a shareware application
program for doing genealogy work. It allows entry of individual
names, birth, christening, marriage, death and burial dates and
places tying them all together automatically as a family and
extended family structure. It's features include:

* Friendly pop-up menus and screens with extensive on-line help.
* Surnames are allowed at beginning, middle or ending of name for
full international compatibility.
* Automatic entry of father's surname when a child is added.
* Enter place names only once! - pop-up window selection there-
after.
* Printing of pedigree charts, descendants, family group sheets,
individual and marriage listings, birthday, anniversaries,
ordinance check lists and other reports.
* LDS ordinance fields and submission forms.
* A printable manual.
===================================================================


Page: 1



===================================================================
This is a full blown application. The entire package is
distributed freely. However, if you find the package of use to you,
you are required to register it with the author by sending $39.50
to the above address. You are encouraged to make copies of this
package and distribute to your friends. If you register any one of
the Family History series programs (CUMBERLAND TREE, CUMBERLAND
STORY, or CUMBERLAND DIARY) you will receive the following
benefits:

1. Immediate three diskette package with updated versions of all
three Family History series programs!
2. A printed manual for the registered program.
3. A Spell Check dictionary for registration of CUMBERLAND STORY
or CUMBERLAND DIARY.
4. A registration discount of $5.00 each for the other two
programs if you decide to use and register them!
5. After business hours telephone support for the registered
program(s).
6. Lifetime registration for the program(s) you register, which
includes all future updates. You may be required to pay
nominal fees for distribution and handling.
7. Automatic notice of updates and new releases offered by
Cumberland Software.
8. You will be supporting the concept that allowed you to try out
the program before paying for it. Only through user support
can I continue to enhance and support these programs.
9. You will be encouraging others to release valuable programs as
Shareware.

===================================================================
MAJOR VERSION 3.0 IMPROVEMENTS

* New drop-down menu system with short cut key access to several
options.
* Automatic copy of father's surname when adding child. Automatic
copy of child's surname when adding father.
* New Reports!! Ahnentafel, Descendent, Time Line, Statistics,
Birthday List, Anniversary List, Missing Information.
* All old reports cleaned up including wider left margins.
* Bugs fixed: No more stall on certain Namesearch and Choose
Children screens. No mixup on marriage with single parent.

MAJOR VERSION 3.1 IMPROVEMENTS

* New CSORT program to fix key file corruptions.
* New Delete RIN Option.
* New Delete Marriage Option.
* New Edit Place Name and Merge Place Name Options.
* Birthday List sorted by name in addition to birthday.
* Bugs fixed in Empty Data File & Edit Time Line.

===================================================================



Page: 2



===================================================================
If you are upgrading from CUMBERLAND TREE 3.0 make certain you
backup your data files before installing this program. Restore the
files listed under CUMBERLAND-TREE-DATA-FILES below after
installing Version 3.1.

If you are upgrading from a EASY-TREE Ver 2.x you must have the
program CONV2TO3.EXE, which is available to registered users only.
You must specify on the registration form that you need this
program or it will not be sent.

1. Copy the files (in your CUMBERLAND TREE sub-directory)
listed under CUMBERLAND-TREE-DATA-FILES below to a safe
directory or a floppy disk for later restoration. (There
were only seven files in the earlier version.)
2. Install the new version of CUMBERLAND TREE as explained
above. The new directory will be called TREE. The old EASY-
TREE directory was called ET.
3. Copy the saved seven files from step 1 back to the \TREE
subdirectory.
4. Run the program CONV2TO3.EXE to convert data. (If you had
other subdirectories with TREE data, then rerun this program
for each subdirectory in which you have old EASY-TREE data.)
5. Reset your printer control codes under F5-Print1/Printer
Setup. The current sub-directory will be reset to the
default directory.

===================================================================
FILES ON THIS DISK
-------------------------------------------------------------------
README ReadMe documentation File
--------------PROGRAM-FILES--------------------------------
CTREE.EXE The Cumberland Tree Program
CTREE.HLP Cumberland Tree Help Windows
BACKUP.BAT Batch File to backup data
CTREE.CFG Cumberland Tree Configuration File
CSORT.EXE Program to fix key file corruption
--------------TEXT-FILES-----------------------------------
MANUAL.TXT Text file containing manual
REGISTER.TXT Text file containing Registration form
ORDER.TXT Text file containing Order form
--------------CUMBERLAND-TREE-DATA-FILES-------------------
HISTORY.DAT Historical Notes Database
INDIVID.DAT Individual Database
MARRIAGE.DAT Marriage Database
PLACE.DAT Place Name Database
TIMELINE.DAT Time Line Data File
USERID.DAT User Info File
INDIVID.K01 Individual Key File #1
INDIVID.K02 Individual Key File #2
MARRIAGE.K01 Marriage Key File
PLACE.K01 Place Name Key File
===================================================================



Page: 3



CUMBERLAND TREE: The Easy Family Tree Program
Version 3.1

CUMBERLAND TREE USERS MANUAL
Copyright 1991 by Cumberland Software
404 Corinne Cr., Clarksville, TN 37040

See "The Shareware Concept" Chapter for registration benefits.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
-------------------------------------------------------------------

A. Cumberland Tree Program Overview
B. The Help Windows
C. The Main Screen
D. Individual Editor

E. Change Key Individual
1. Change to Spouse/Father/Mother
2. Change to Child
3. Change to Other Marriage
4. Change by entering RIN
5. Name Search
6. Tree
F. Function Key Menus
1. Menu Overview
2. F2-File
a. Save Memory to Disk
b. User Information
c. Drive & Directory
d. Empty Data Files
e. Exit to DOS
3. F3-Edit
a. Edit Marriage
b. Edit Notes
c. Insert Child
d. Delete Individual
e. Delete Individual [RIN]
f. Edit Time Line
4. F4-Rearrange
a. Children Order
b. Multiple Marriages
5. F5-Print1
a. Printing Reports
b. Pedigree Charts
c. Ahnentafel Charts
d. Descendant Charts
e. Family Group Sheets
f. Time Line
g. Statistics
h. Printer Setup






Page: 4




(Contents continued...)
-------------------------------------------------------------------
6. F6-Print2
a. Alpha Individual List
b. RIN Sorted List
c. Marriage List
d. Notes List
e. Birthday List
f. Anniversary List
g. Missing Information
h. LDS Ordinance Check List
i. LDS Submission Forms
7. F7-Utilities
a. Edit Place Name
b. Delete Place Name
c. Merge Place Names
d. Print Manual, Registration & Order Form
G. Data File Backup & CSORT Utility
H. Research Suggestions
1. Individual Naming Conventions
2. Place Naming Conventions
3. Date Conventions
4. How to do Research
5. Book Idea
6. Just Curious
I. The Shareware Concept
J. The Family History Series
K. Registration & Order Forms



























Page: 5






===================================================================
A. CUMBERLAND TREE PROGRAM OVERVIEW
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The CUMBERLAND TREE Family Tree Program is an application program
for doing genealogy work. It allows entry of individual names,
birth, christening, marriage, death and burial dates and places
tying them all together automatically as a family and extended
family structure. It will print out pedigree charts, descendant
charts, family group sheets, individual and marriage listings,
birthdays, anniversaries, ordinance check lists and many other
reports.

Visually attractive pop-up menus allow you to always know where you
are and where you came from in the program. The simple pop-up
screens make this complicated program appear to be much simpler
than it really is.

The program automatically keeps track of relationships of all
individuals. This is accomplished because an individual is added
only by entering him/her into the existing family structure. There
is no lengthy sequence of menus to track through in order to
identify someone into the family lineage.

Repeat typing of surnames is greatly reduced by automatically
adding the father's surname to a new individual, or an individual's
surname when a father is added.

Flexible, world-wide individual name entry is accomplished by
allowing a surname to appear anywhere in the name. Two fields
request a name. In the first field is entered the surname and all
names following it. In the second field is entered all names (if
any) preceding the surname. Thus, names can still be sorted
alphabetically by surname.

Examples of names:

Standard English/American: Ira Johan LUND
Scandinavian name with appended
ancestry locality name: Johan Severin SVENDSEN Rage
Oriental (Surnames always first): ZHENG Chooi Fong

Any place name only needs to be entered once. Most genealogies are
filled with people being born, marrying and dying in the same
place, generation after generation. Once a full place name (city,
county, state/country) is entered it is assigned a place name
number. Any subsequent use of that same place name can be entered
by simply entering it's number. Whenever a place name is requested
and a number is entered, the number is immediately replaced with
the name, thus assuring immediate verification of the proper place
name.



Page: 6



Limitations: 20 Children per marriage
8 Spouses per individual

Hardware requirements:

IBM PC/XT/AT, PS/2 or compatible with 512K RAM
Hard Drive will hold up to 9,999 names
(about 4,000 names per megabyte)

User-defined printer setup strings allow almost all
printers to be supported


===================================================================
B. THE HELP WINDOWS
-------------------------------------------------------------------
This program has extensive Help screens which contain almost this
entire manual. Moving around help is accomplished by just a few
keys. There is a Main Help Menu which is accessed by pressing F1
at the main screen. ALL help screens can be accessed from the Main
Help Menu. In addition all screens are context sensitive and the
appropriate help windows are accessed from within each option
window. The Individual and Marriage Edit screens are field
sensitive.

PgDn- Always takes you to the next help window. Sometimes the next
help window is a return to a help menu.
PgUp- Always takes you to the just previously shown help window.
Enter- Works just like PgDn, but never shown as an option.
Esc- Always returns you to the point in the program at which you
requested help.
F1- Pressing F1 while using help will always return you to the
first screen of the currently requested help. This option is
not shown at the window bottoms.
End/- End and Home keys take you to the beginning or end of menus.
Home This works in Help and the Program.
Alpha- At menus, pressing the first letter of an option causes the
cursor to jump to that option. This works in Help and the
Program.


===================================================================
C. THE MAIN SCREEN
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Before describing the main screen you must first understand the
database structure of CUMBERLAND TREE. As an individual is entered,
he/she is automatically assigned a Record Identification Number
(RIN). Whenever a spouse or marriage is entered a Marriage Record
Identification Number (MRIN) is automatically assigned. These
unique numbers help identify each individual, even when there are
more than one person with the same name. The RIN and MRIN are used
throughout the program and are printed on many of the reports. You
do not need to attempt to memorize these numbers as all individuals
can be accessed by name only.


Page: 7




The main program screen consists of one family group. The key
individual is the first one at the top. Associated with that
individual is the spouse, parents and children of that marriage.
Adding or editing an individual is as simple as pointing to the
appropriate location and pressing the enter/return key to bring up
the Individual Edit Screen.

At the top of the screen is printed the User Name and Reports Title
which can be edited by the User Information selection from the F2-
File menu. Just above the Family Group is a list of the available
menus. At the very bottom of the screen is a list of single
character commands which allows the displayed Family Group to be
changed.

The following keys can be used in most entry screens (but not the
main screen) when data is entered:

Right arrow/
left arrow: moving one character at a time
End key: Jump to last character in field
Home key: Jump to first character in field
Control-End: Erase from present position to end
Insert: Toggles between insert and over-write modes.
(In insert mode cursor is larger,
in overwrite mode cursor is smaller.)
Enter-key: Causes the program to accept the entry and to
prompt for the next field. No entry will be
accepted unless the enter-key has been pressed.
Up arrow/
Down arrow: Moves the cursor to the next or prior field.

===================================================================
D. INDIVIDUAL EDITOR
-------------------------------------------------------------------
To edit an existing individual or add a new individual use the up
and down cursor keys to "point" to the appropriate individual or
"-Add-". Simply press the return key to pop-up the individual
editor.

When an individual is first added you will be prompted whether this
individual is a "New" RIN or "Exists" already in the database. The
default is "N" for New which will be used most of the time. Use
the "Existing" RIN for cases where there is intermarriage within
the family. For example suppose an individual marriages a cousin.
The cousin may have already been entered as the child of an uncle.
By requesting an "Existing" individual when adding the spouse of
the individual the proper internal links can be made.

Older European church parish registers often recorded the
Christening (Chr) date of an infant. This date is often used to
ascertain the approximate age of a child, especially when the birth
date is unavailable. A child was usually christened (or baptised)
within a few days of their birth. Thanks to the efforts of the


Page: 8



early priests, these parish records have often been the sole source
of information of a child's birth. Thus, the field for christening
"Chr" is included along with Birth, Death and Burial.

Sex Field: Sometimes the first field (sex) will automatically
contain an 'F' or 'M' if the sex is obvious to the
program when adding a new individual. Otherwise
enter the sex as appropriate. Only M and F are
allowed.

Name Fields: Enter the surname in capitals followed by all names
following the surname in the field labeled
'Surname:'. Enter all names preceding the surname in
the field labeled 'Given name:'. This allows names
to be sorted by Surname first despite it's location
within the full name. The suggested naming
convention is to enter the entire surname in CAPITAL
LETTERS while the given names are entered in lower
case with appropriate capital letters.

If a child is being added, the surname of the father
will automatically appear in the surname field. If
the father of the key individual is being added, the
key individual's surname will automatically appear in
the surname field. If the surname is different,
simply type over or use the ctrl_end key to clear the
field.

When entering titles such as John Smith III, put the
surname with the title following just as it should
appear in the Surname field. Examples:
John SMITH III - Surname field: SMITH III
Given Name field: John
Henry BROWN, Jr. - Surname field: BROWN, Jr.
Given Name field: Henry

Date Fields: All dates should be entered as day of month, followed
by the first three letters of the month and finally
all four numbers of the year. (Example: 12 Jun 1945)
Although in the U.S. it is standard practice to write
a date with numbers many other countries in using the
same practice flip the positions of the date and
month. This will always cause confusion. Always
include all four numbers of the year.

The date field has been deliberately left free-
format. In some instances you may not want to be
locked into a structured format. However, there are
reports which require the above entry in order to
work properly. The birthday and anniversary lists
will not include individuals with dates that do not
conform to the above structure. Nor will the
Statistics report and Temple submission reports be
able to calculate the proper age of individuals.


Page: 9




Place Fields: When the place name is entered for the first time it
will be added to the Place name file and assigned a
Place Name Number. The suggested entry convention is
City,County/Province,State/Country with no spaces
entered after the commas in order to save space.

(Example: Preston,Franklin,Idaho)

If the place name you desire is already in the place
name file, the place name can be entered four
different ways.

1. The place name may be re-entered by typing it in
EXACTLY as it was typed in before. If the place
name is not typed in precisely (character for
character) as it was entered previously it will be
treated as a new name and be assigned a new record
number.

2. If the record number of the place name desired is
known, simply enter the number in the place name
field. As soon as the enter key is pressed, the
place name associated with that number will replace
the number. This is the quickest way to enter a
place name.

3. If you cannot remember the number of the place name
desired you can press F4-Num-Place to access a
pop up screen which lists the place names sorted by
their record numbers. Page-up and page-down to
access other place names. You may then use the
cursor keys to point at the name desired and press
enter to select. The pop-up list will disappear and
the selected name will appear in the place name
field. If you do not desire to select one of the
names, press the Esc key to abort without selecting
a name.

4. Another method of selecting place names when
the record number is unknown is with the F3-Alpha-
Place command. Before pressing F3 you may enter
the first few letters of the name desired. Thus
when F3 is entered, the pop-up list of place names
will begin with place names coming alphabetically
after the entered letters. For example, if the name
you want to access is 'Stavanger,Rogaland,Norway'
first type in any number of the first few letters,
such as 'Sta'. Then press F3 and the pop-up screen
will list all names currently in the place name
file beginning with the letters 'Sta'.

Temple Codes: (LDS only) Generally accepted temple codes are
usually entered in the fields labeled 'Temple'.


Page: 10



Several typical temple codes are listed below:

AL - Cardston, Alberta, Canada
AT - Atlanta, Georgia
AZ - Mesa, Arizona
IF - Idaho Falls, Idaho
JR - Jordan River, Utah
LA - Los Angeles, California
LD - London, England
LG - Logan, Utah
OG - Ogden, Utah
OK - Oakland, California
PV - Provo, Utah
SG - St. George, Utah
SL - Salt Lake City, Utah
SW - Bern, Switzerland

This field should also be used to indicate special
conditions such as the following:
BIC Born in the Covenant.
STI Stillborn.
DNS Do not seal.
INF Infant, do not do ordinance work.

===================================================================
E. CHANGE KEY INDIVIDUAL
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The current Family Group can be changed by pressing the first
letter of the choices shown at the bottom of the screen. (All
change keys refer to changing the Key Individual.)

1. Change to Spouse/Father/Mother: The first three items, Father,
Mother, and Spouse, will immediately change the key individual
to the father, mother or currently shown spouse of the current
key individual.

2. Change to Child: Pressing a "C" will cause a pop-up window to
appear, listing all of the children of the current Family Group.
Pointing and pressing enter/return for the desired child will
cause the current individual to be changed to the selected
child.

3. Change to Other Marriage: Pressing an "O" will cause a pop-up
window to appear, showing all spouses for the current key
individual. Use the pointer to select the spouse you wish to
show as the spouse of the key individual, then press enter. This
screen is also used for adding other marriages. To add another
spouse, simply point to the -Add Marriage- item and press
enter/return. An edit screen will appear requesting the name of
the spouse, followed by a marriage screen.

Deleting a marriage will remove the marriage, but not the
individuals. This option could result in individuals not tied to
the main family structure.


Page: 11




4. Change by entering RIN: By pressing an "R" any RIN (Record
Identification Number) in the entire database may be requested
as the key individual.

5. Name Search: Pressing an "N" will bring up a pop-up window
allowing the entry of a name. Pressing F3 causes a list of
individuals to appear beginning with name selected. This entry
does not require a full name. You may enter as much of the
Surname and Given Name fields as you desire. However, Given
names should not be entered unless the Entire Surname is
entered. For example, you might begin a search by entering an
"L" in the surname field. This would cause the search to display
names beginning with the letter L. You can page up or down to
select names after or before the request. Pressing enter/return
on any name requests that individual as the key individual.

WARNING: If you enter a given name without the full surname, you
will probably not get the individual you seek at the top of the
list since the list is sorted by Surname first. It will probably
be quicker in most instances to type the first few letters of
the surname, then press F3 and point to the proper person.

6. Tree: Pressing a "T" will bring up a pedigree diagram with the
key individual at the far left. Using the arrow keys allows you
to move up and down the tree. Pressing the up or down arrow key
at the far right will cause the tree to shift one generation.
Pressing the left arrow key to the far left will cause the Child
selection screen to appear. After selecting a child, the tree
will shift down one generation. Pressing return on any
individual will request them as the key individual.


===================================================================
F. FUNCTION KEY MENUS
-------------------------------------------------------------------
1. MENU OVERVIEW
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The six function keys, F2 through F7, are pull down menus. The
function keys are readily understood by computer novices. For those
who are more familiar with using the Alt-key, you may also access
the menus by pressing the Alt-key together with the first letter of
the appropriate menu. For example: Alt-F will bring up the F2-File
menu, Alt-E will bring up the F3-Edit menu, Alt-T will bring up the
F4-Topic menu, etc. Once any one menu is up, menus may be rotated
to the previous or next menu by using the right and left arrow
keys.

Notice that some menu items have short-cut keys shown to the right
of the menu item, usually control keys. These items can be accessed
with the appropriate key without accessing the menu.





Page: 12



-------------------------------------------------------------------
2. F2-FILE
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Save Memory to Disk
This option will cause all file buffers in memory to be saved to
the disk. This is more for peace of mind than anything else,
since all files will automatically be saved when the program is
exited and occasionally while you are working. However, if the
program did happen to stall (or crash) at least all the work
done since you last accessed this option would be saved -and
possible even more if the buffers had automatically written out
during program use. (This option has a short-cut key, Ctrl-S.)

b. User Information
The User Information Editor is the access to the name and
address of the submitter of reports in the file. The name
entered will be printed on many of the reports generated. There
is also a field for a Title which will be used on several of the
reports. The User name and Reports Title are also displayed on
the main screen.

c. Drive & Directory
You may set the drive and sub-directory for the Cumberland Tree
data files. Leaving this field blank will cause the program to
read the data files from the default (current) sub-directory.
When specifying another sub-directory, you must put a "\" after
the drive and sub-directory name. (See your DOS manual for tree
structured sub-directory naming conventions.) Below are valid
examples:
B:\
C:\ET\BROWN\
\ET\SMITH\
If no Cumberland Tree data files exist on the specified drive or
sub-directory, files will automatically be created.

You can create multiple data files and use this option to switch
between them. For example: two directories for two families
could be created: C:\ET\BROWN\ and C:\ET\SMITH\ . You may want
to create your own sub-directories and leave the sample data
which came with this program in the default sub-directory to use
for experimentation and study.

When starting up the program, data will be read from the sub-
directory last accessed at the previous session. If a specified
sub-directory cannot be found upon startup, the default sub-
directory will be used. Since the program immediately opens the
Cumberland Tree files, the 10 (See list in README file) data
files must be available (either in the default sub-directory or
specified sub-directory) or the program will not start.

d. Empty Data Files
This option will delete all data entered into the database. Use
this option with caution!



Page: 13



e. Exit to DOS
This option will ask for verification before returning to DOS.
(It has a short-cut key, Ctrl-X.) When exiting the program you
will be asked if you want to backup your data. (See Chapter G.
Data File Backup.)


-------------------------------------------------------------------
3. F3-EDIT
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Edit Marriage
You must use the cursor key to point at the individual whose
marriage information you wish to edit. Selecting this option
will cause the marriage edit window to appear. (This option
also has a short-cut key, Ctrl-M.) All fields are similar to
those explained under Chapter D. Individual Editor. When
accessing the marriage screen, if an individual's spouse has not
already been defined, the 'Edit Individual' screen will appear
requesting you to add that person's spouse prior to editing
marriage information.

If there is a single parent or you do not know the spouse,
simply add a spouse (as a New RIN), do not enter any information
and exit the edit individual screen. The individual's name will
show up as a question mark "?". This will allow a child or
children to be added.

b. Edit Notes
Use the cursor keys to point to the individual you wish to edit
notes for and access this option. (This option also has a short-
cut key, Ctrl-N.) A maximum of five lines are allowed for each
individual. When the notes are printed at the bottom of Family
Group Sheets, a maximum of 10 notes will be printed. After the
first 10, other notes will be ignored.

c. Insert Child
First point to the child who was born immediately after the
child you wish to insert. (This option also has a short-cut key,
the Insert [Ins] key.) This command works exactly like pressing
return on the "--Add Child--" field except that it will insert
the new individual as a child in the proper order.

d. Delete Individual
This option deletes the individual which the pointer is pointing
to. (This option also has a short-cut key, the delete [Del]
key.) Before deletion, however, a prompt will request
verification. This command will not work if you are pointing at
the top individual in a Family Group. To delete that
individual, change the family group to show him/her as a spouse,
parent or child. You cannot delete the individual with RIN #1.

e. Delete Individual [RIN]
This option allows deletion of an individual by entering the
RIN. Before deletion a prompt will request verification. This


Page: 14



command is useful for times when deletions of other individuals
cut some individuals off from the main family tree and those
individuals also need to be deleted.

f. Edit Time Line
This option displays a graphical diagram showing the Birth,
Marriage and Death dates along a time line of selected
individuals. Use the Insert-Key to select individuals with the
Namesearch screen. This will insert the selected individual
after the one the cursor is pointing to. Use the Delete-key to
remove an individual from the chart. The left and right arrow
keys will move the time line from left to right. A maximum of
50 individuals can be included in the time line.

When exiting this option, the names entered will be saved in the
file TIMELINE.DAT. If you have changed the birth, marriage or
death dates of an individual it will not automatically change in
the TIMELINE file. You must delete and then reselect that
individual.

The time line can be printed with the F5-Print1/Time Line
option.

-------------------------------------------------------------------
4. F4-REARRANGE
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Children Order
This option allows the children to be sorted by their proper
order, although they were not entered in the order in which the
births occurred. It works very similar to the Multiple
Marriages Order window. You simply enter the number of that
child to the left of the child's name (1 for the first child, 2
for the second, and so on). Press F9 to re-order the children
or Esc to Abort.

b. Multiple Marriages
This option allows multiple marriages to be sorted by their
proper order, although they were not entered in the order in
which the marriages took place. It is important to enter the
spouses in the order of their marriages to the key individual. A
pop-up window listing all marriages will appear. Simply enter
the number of occurance of each marriage (1 for first marriage,
2 for the second, and so on) in the numeric fields on the left.
Press F9 to re-order the marriages or Esc to Abort.


-------------------------------------------------------------------
5. F5-PRINT1
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Printing Reports
All reports are formatted to print on 8 1/2 by 11 inch pages.
Almost all printers are supported. (See Chapter F. F5-Print1/
Printer Setup.)



Page: 15



Almost all report under F5-Print1 and F6-Print2 can be aborted
early by pressing "S" as shown while the report is being
printed. Be patient, the report will stop printing at a
convenient line, eject a page and return control of the computer
back to you. If you shut off the printer you will get a red
error screen. If you select Abort at this point the program will
quit and you will be dropped down to DOS. The graceful way to
stop printing is to press "S" and wait for the printer to stop
itself.

b. Pedigree Charts:
You may print up to 10 separate pedigree charts in one printing
or a complete ancestry series of pedigree charts up to 100
charts. Enter the "RIN", "Chart number", "Same as number" and
"On chart number" as requested for each chart desired. You may
select the RIN by pressing F5-Name Search. Press F3 to print.
All charts will be printed until the first RIN with a zero (0)
is reached, at which point the printing will stop.

To automatically print a full ancestry series, enter information
for only one RIN . Then press F4 for automatic printing. All
charts will be numbered beginning with the Chart number
specified and continuing in order from there. The individuals
numbered 8 through 15 on each pedigree chart will contain the
proper continuation chart number. The upper right hand corner
of each sheet will also show that No. 1 on the current sheet is
the same individual as the appropriate numbered individual on
the proper chart number.

c. Ahnentafel Charts
These charts are similar to a pedigree chart but lists
ancestors one after another. The Ahnentafel Number corresponds
to the person numbers on a pedigree chart but extends with more
generations. Up to 20 generations may be printed on the
Ahnentafel chart. Enter the RIN (or select from Namesearch) the
individual to be shown as number 1.

d. Descendent Charts
This chart will list all of the descendants of a specified
individual up to 14 generations.

e. Family Group Sheets.
Up to 30 Family Group Sheets may be printed at one time by
entering the MRIN's of the sheets desired. If you do not know
the MRIN, press F5 to do Name Search. Press F3 to print.
Printing will stop when the first zero (0) MRIN is reached.
Notice that history notes appear at the bottom of the same page
(rather than a second page) that the individual appears in a
Family Group Sheet. Multiple marriages are also indicated. If
there is not enough room in the 'Other Wives' or 'Other
Husbands' fields, then other marriages will be shown in the
notes at the bottom of the page. A maximum of 10 notes can be
printed at the bottom of each page. After printing the first 10
notes, all other notes will be ignored.


Page: 16



f. Time Line
This option will print out the time line as edited under F3-
Edit/ Time Line.

g. Statistics
This option produces a one page report with a multitude of
statistics about your data including; number of individuals,
marriages, average life span, life span distribution, number of
history notes, place names, average number of children per
marriage and more. Life spans are calculated for individuals
with standard dates as explained under the section on dates in
Chapter D. Individual Editor.

h. Printer Setup
In this window you may specify a port or file name to output the
report to a file. If a valid port name is entered, the reports
are routed to the appropriate printer or port. Valid ports are
as follows:
LPT1 or PRN The usual port for parallel printers
LPT2
LPT3
COM1 The usual port for serial printers
COM2
If a valid port is not entered (do not enter ":" after the port
name), the entry is assumed to be a file name and all reports
are written to the current drive and directory. Usual
nomenclature for files is 1-8 character base file name, a
period, and a 0-3 character extension. (Example: REPORT.PRN)

The printer setup strings are sent to the printer at the
appropriate time. If an untypable character is needed, enter the
ASCII code in arrow-brackets. (Example: <15> is the code for
Epson 16 CPI. Multiple ASCII codes can be entered with commas
between them: <27,77> )

The setup strings should be set as noted below:

EPSON CODES
Printer Reset String: : <27,64>
Setup #1 (Bold 10CPI 1/8Spacing) : <27,71,18,27,48>
Setup #2 (Normal 16CPI) : <27,72,15>
Setup #3 (Normal 10CPI 1/6Spacing): <27,72,18,27,50>
Pedigree Line Code : <45>

HP LASERJET CODES
Printer Reset String: : <27,69>
Setup #1 (Bold 10CPI 1/8Spacing) :
<27,40,49,48,85,27,40,115,49,48,72,27,38,108,56,68>
Setup #2 (Normal 16CPI) : <27,40,115,49,54,104>
Setup #3 (Normal 10CPI 1/6Spacing): <27,69,27,40,115,49,48,72>
Pedigree Line Code : <196>

Note: One-eighth inch line spacing is required for certain
reports to fit on one page.


Page: 17




-------------------------------------------------------------------
6. F6-PRINT2
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Alpha Individual List
This option produces an alphabetical (by Surname) sorted list of
all individuals in the database.

b. RIN Sorted List
This report produces a RIN Sorted list of all individuals in the
database.

c. Marriage List
This report produces a list of all marriages (by MRIN) in the
database.

d. Notes List
This report produces a list of all notes which have been entered
into the database.

e. Birthday List
This option produces a list of individuals sorted Name or by
Month and day of their birthday. It also shows their age on the
current years birthday. You have the option of including or
excluding deceased individuals. Birthdays of individuals
without standard dates (as explained under dates in Chapter D.
Individual Editor)
will not be shown.

f. Anniversary List
This option produces a list of marriages sorted by Month and day
of their marriage. It also shows how many years they would have
been married on the current years anniversary. You have the
option of including or excluding deceased individuals. Dates
must conform to the standards explained in Chapter D. Individual
Editor in order to be shown on this list.

g. Missing Information
This option produces a list of individuals indicating whether
the following information is missing from the database; birth
date and place, marriage date and place, death date and place.

h. LDS Ordinance Check List
This option produces an ordinance check list beginning with a
specified individual and listing names of ancestors in the order
of an ahnentafel chart. It lists ordinance dates for Baptism,
Endowment, Sealing to spouse, sealing to parents and indicates
the number of children sealed to them.

i. LDS Submission Forms
There are two forms for submission of LDS ordinance work;
Individual Entry Forms and Marriage Entry Forms. Please check
with your local genealogical leaders for information
verification before submitting data for Temple work.


Page: 18




-------------------------------------------------------------------
7. F7-UTILITIES
-------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Edit Place Name
This option allows you to edit an incorrectly spelled place
name. Changing the place name once with this option changes it
for all occurances of the place name throughout the entire
database.

b. Delete Place Name
This option allows you to delete a bad place name. It may be
that a place name or part of a place name was accidentally
entered in one of the edit screens. To delete a place name may
take a while since the program must not only delete it from the
place name file, but also delete all reference to that place
name in the Individual and Marriage files.

c. Merge Place Names
This option allows you to merge two place names. If a place name
has been entered twice with two different spellings they can be
merged into one place name. The Primary Place Name is the one
which will remain after the merging. All occurances of the
Secondary Place Name in the database will be changed to the
Primary Place Name.

d. Print Manual, Registration and Order Form
These two options allow the printing of this manual and/or the
printing of a registration form.


===================================================================
G. DATA FILE BACKUP & CSORT UTILITY
-------------------------------------------------------------------
DATA FILE BACKUP

When exiting the Cumberland-Tree program you will be asked if you
wish to backup the data. You may specify which Drive to backup to.
The backup utility with this program is simply a copy command. If
you create data files too large to fit on one diskette, you should
use your own backup utility to backup the data.

The data files from the directory last specified in the F2-
File/Drive & Directory option will be backed up.

CSORT UTILTITY

The program CSORT.EXE is used to fix corruption of any of the
following data files: INDIVID.DAT, MARRIAGE.DAT, PLACE.DAT .

On occasion, you may find that reports or name searchs do not work
properly. For example they may not display names in their proper
order, or the program may drop to DOS on certain functions which
access a data file. Try using the CSORT utility to fix the key


Page: 19



file corruptions. To use CSORT you must be at the DOS prompt. The
program CSORT.EXE and the data files must be in the same
subdirectory. Enter CSORT followed by the name of the file to fix:

CSORT INDIVID
CSORT MARRIAGE
CSORT PLACE


===================================================================
H. RESEARCH SUGGESTIONS
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Following are some standard conventions which should be used when
working with Family Trees.


1. INDIVIDUAL NAMING CONVENTIONS

Persons Name: A persons name should always be shown in it's proper
order with surnames in CAPITAL LETTERS. DO NOT show last name
first, comma, given names (BROWN, Edward Joseph). Below are
examples of appropriate names:

Standard English/American: Ira Johan LUND
Scandinavian name with appended
ancestry locality name: Johan Severin SVENDSEN Rage
Oriental (Surnames always first): ZHENG Chooi Fong

2. PLACE NAMING CONVENTIONS

Place names: Place names usually consist of three (occasionally two
or four) names: City, County/Province, State/Country. To save
space I do not enter "spaces" after the commas. Below are
several examples of place names:

Clarksville,Montgomery,Tennessee
Stavanger,Rogaland,Norway
Logan,Cache,Utah
Mosbjerg,Hjorring,Denmark


3. DATE CONVENTIONS

Dates: Never write a month with a number (02/11/91). Such a date
could be interpreted several ways. International usage of month
and day order is different from standard U.S. usage. A date such
as above could be Feb 11th or Nov 2nd. The year is also
ambiguous. Is it 1991 or 1891? Standard nomenclature should
always be DD MMM YYYY (Example: 11 Feb 1891).

You should not attempt to convert a date to the Gregorian
Calendar. Write it as given in the original documents. I have
devised my own method of writing Chinese dates (which have been
given verbally). The Chinese calendar consists of 12 months 30


Page: 20



days long. Every few years a 13th month is inserted to help keep
the year close to the correct astronomical year. The name of
the months, when translated literally are First Month, Second
Month and so on. The extra 13th month can be inserted between
any other month of the year, but is not called the Thirteenth
month, but rather, the Extra Month After the Xth Month. So I
write these months as M01, M02, and so on. The extra 13th month
I write as X03 or X05, as appropriate. Thus an entire date: 12
M06 1912.


4. HOW TO DO RESEARCH

The first thing to do is to ask yourself; What do I know about my
family? Gather information from around your home; old family
Bibles, photographs, legal documents, personal memories. Next
extend your search to include interviews of older relatives, visits
to a cemetery, and local libraries.

One of the best sources of information is the Family History
Library of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Salt
Lake City, Utah which is the largest Genealogy Library in the
world. However, you need not travel to Salt Lake to access the
Library. Many local LDS Churches have Branch Libraries with many
microfilm records and access to all records from Salt Lake City.
Use of the Branch Libraries is free, although you may have to pay
small fees for copies or other materials. The Branch Libraries are
staffed by volunteer librarians who are very helpful and
knowledgeable with the Library Materials. To use the Library,
contact the local LDS Church.


5. A BOOK IDEA

Here is a suggestion on how to collect all of the printed materials
from this program into a unique Family Tree book just for your
family. First, print out an automatic pedigree chart with you as
the key individual (Person No. 1 on Chart No. 1). This is Section
1. Then for Section 2, print out a Family Group Sheet for every
Marriage on your Pedigree Chart. Section 3 would contain Database
Listings and Ordinance Checklists. You could include a short Table
of Contents, a Title Page and a few explanatory pages about your
Family research efforts. Punch the pages with a three hole punch
and put in a loose-leaf binder or (my preference) soft-cover
binders that expand to the amount of material included. These kinds
of binders are inexpensive and the pages do not tear out as easily
as they do from a loose-leaf binder.


6. JUST CURIOUS

Why are the Latter-day Saints so interested in Family History? What
are the Ordinance and Temple code fields for? Why do the Latter-day
Saints maintain such a large Genealogical Library?


Page: 21




To answer these questions you must understand a few things about
LDS doctrine. Latter-day Saints literally believe in Christ's
statement that no man can enter heaven without baptism (John 3:5).
However, they realize that throughout history there have lived many
individuals who have not had the opportunity of hearing and
accepting Jesus Christ as their Savior through baptism. They
believe that those individuals will have that opportunity after
death, in the spirit world. But since they no longer have a body,
someone still alive must be baptized vicariously for them. These
vicarious ordinances for the dead are only performed in LDS
temples.

Not only are baptisms for the dead (see 1 Cor 15:29) performed in
these temples, but also other ordinances for the living, such as
endowments and sealings to spouses (marriages) and sealings to
parents. Latter-day Saints believe that these sealings bind
families together as eternal organizations. These endowments and
sealings are also performed vicariously for the dead.

Latter-day Saints do genealogical research and keep track of these
LDS ordinances in order to have them performed for their dead
ancestors. There are four LDS ordinance fields. If you are not
LDS just leave all of these fields blank. The three fields on the
individual editor are for baptism, endowment and sealing to
parents. The dates for these LDS ordinances should be entered along
with the temple codes. However, baptisms for the living are not
performed in temples, therefore these baptisms need no temple code.
The one field on the marriage editor is for the sealing to spouse.
If a couple were "married in the temple" this date will be the same
as their marriage date.

Thus, you see the interest which Latter-day Saints have in Family
History research, the need for a Genealogical Library and the
Ordinance date and Temple code fields in this program.


===================================================================
I. THE SHAREWARE CONCEPT
-------------------------------------------------------------------
If you are new to computers you may not have heard the term
SHAREWARE. Basically this means an author or group has prepared a
software program which you are free to copy and encouraged to share
with others, but the author requests a REGISTRATION FEE. If you
received this disk from a shareware distributor who charged $3 to
$5 you have only paid a DISTRIBUTION/HANDLING FEE to copy and
produce a disk of which NO PORTION goes to the author of the
software.

You are encouraged to pay the final REGISTRATION FEE which goes to
the author of this software. This fee is also a matter of good
conscience. The idea is that if the program is useful, you become a
registered user of the program.



Page: 22



CUMBERLAND TREE is a copyrighted program. Although the program is
distributed under the Shareware concept and can be freely copied,
there are limitations to protect the author, the program's quality
and to support future versions. Users may make copies of this
program for trial use by others on a non-commercial basis. You are
permitted to evaluate this program for a period of 30 days. After
that time you are required to register the program and pay the
registration fee or cease using the program.

The entire package is distributed freely. However, if you find the
package of use to you, you are required to register it with the
author. You are encouraged to make copies of this package and
distribute to your friends. If you register any one of the Family
History series programs (CUMBERLAND TREE, CUMBERLAND STORY, or
CUMBERLAND DIARY) you will receive the following benefits:

1. Immediate three diskette package with updated versions of all
three Family History series programs!
2. A printed manual for the registered program.
3. A Spell Check dictionary for registration of CUMBERLAND STORY
or CUMBERLAND DIARY.
4. A registration discount of $5.00 each for the other two
programs if you decide to use and register them!
5. After business hours telephone support for the registered
program(s).
6. Lifetime registration for the program(s) you register, which
includes all future updates. You may be required to pay
nominal fees for distribution and handling.
7. Automatic notice of updates and new releases offered by
Cumberland Software.
8. You will be supporting the concept that allowed you to try out
the program before paying for it. Only through user support
can I continue to enhance and support the program.
9. You will be encouraging others to release valuable programs as
Shareware.

DISCLAIMER

By accepting and using this software, you acknowledge that this
software may not suit your particular requirements or be completely
trouble free. Properly applied this program should operate without
error. However, I am not liable for your specific application or
problems resulting from its use. If the software does not perform
as described liability is limited to replacement of the program and
refunding the purchase price to registered users only. There is no
liability to you or any other person or entity for any damage or
loss, including special, incidental, or consequential damages,
caused by this software, directly or indirectly. Some states do
not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability for incidental
or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may
not apply to you. This licence agreement is governed by Tennessee
law. If any part of this agreement is found to be held invalid,
the remainder will remain in effect. This agreement may only be
modified by the written consent of the author.


Page: 23




Under this license you may not distribute this software program
with any other product or service. It is intended for the private
use of individuals only. You may not charge anything for this
software with the exception that computer user groups may charge a
fee not to exceed $10.00 to cover their own costs of distribution.
This program may not be distributed in modified form, meaning that
all files must be distributed with the program and must not have
been modified.


===================================================================
J. THE FAMILY HISTORY SERIES
-------------------------------------------------------------------
The three programs in the Family History Series offered by
CUMBERLAND SOFTWARE are detailed below:

CUMBERLAND TREE: The Easy Family Tree Program

THE BEST GENEALOGY PROGRAM AVAILABLE!
The CUMBERLAND TREE program is a shareware application program for
doing genealogy work. It allows entry of individual names, birth,
christening, marriage, death and burial dates and places tying them
all together automatically as a family and extended family
structure. It's features include:

* Friendly pop-up menus and screens with extensive on-line help.
* Surnames are allowed at beginning, middle or ending of name for
full international compatibility.
* Automatic copy of father's surname to child.
* Enter place names only once! - pop-up window selection there-
after.
* Printing of pedigree charts, descendant charts, family group
sheets, individual and marriage listings, birthdays,
anniversaries, ordinance check lists and others.
* LDS ordinance fields and submission forms.
* A printable manual.


CUMBERLAND STORY

Write your own or your ancestor's life story!

CUMBERLAND STORY is a shareware application program to help you
write and print a structured book about your life or the lives of
your ancestors. It contains many ideas and suggestions with a
chapter and topic outliner containing memory-jogging prompts. It's
features include:

* Friendly pop-up menus and screens with extensive on-line help.
* A word processor with cut-and-paste features.
* A Spell Check dictionary is available to registered users.
* Suggested or User-defined Chapters and Topics with printable
Table of Contents.


Page: 24



* Imports text from CUMBERLAND DIARY for inclusion into your
book.
* Allows creation of multiple books.
* A printable manual.


CUMBERLAND DIARY

Full-featured Diary/Journal entry program!

CUMBERLAND DIARY is a shareware application program designed for
diary or journal entries. Entries may be printed singly, in groups,
as an entire book, or imported by CUMBERLAND STORY. It's features
include:

* Friendly pop-up menus and screens with extensive on-line help.
* A word processor with cut-and-paste features.
* A Spell Check dictionary is available to registered users.
* Optional secrecy mode with password protection and data
encryption.
* Headings can be included for each entry. More than one entry
per day is allowed. Each entry may be up to 10 pages long
(about 6,600 words).
* Searches may be made by date or by heading.
* Allows multiple users.
* A printable manual.

ORDERING INFORMATION

These programs may be obtained from your shareware distributor or
from Cumberland Software for $4.00 postage paid (Distribution and
Handling Fee). (Updated versions of all three Family History
programs will be sent to registered users.) If you order any of
these programs from Cumberland Software, you may deduct the $4.00
handling fee from the registration fee if you decide to use and
register the program. Registered users of one or more program
may also deduct $5.00 (in addition to the handling fee) from the
registration fee for the second or third program. To order any of
these programs print the Order Form under F7-Utilities.

-------------------------------------------------------------------















Page: 25



+----------------------------------------------------------------+
THE FAMILY HISTORY SERIES by CUMBERLAND SOFTWARE
SHAREWARE ORDER FORM
+----------------------------------------------------------------+

Date: ________________________

Mail to: CUMBERLAND SOFTWARE
Ira J. Lund
404 Corinne Cr.
Clarksville, TN 37040

From: __________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________


These are distribution and handling fees only. These fees may be
deducted from your registration fee if you decide to use and
register the program.

Number of CUMBERLAND TREE disks ______ X $4.00 = ________

Number of CUMBERLAND STORY disks ______ X $4.00 = ________

Number of CUMBERLAND DIARY disks ______ X $4.00 = ________

TOTAL ___________

postage paid (Check in US funds)

+----------------------------------------------------------------+
Comments or Suggestions:

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

+----------------------------------------------------------------+
Origination code: T01001


Page: 26



+----------------------------------------------------------------+
CUMBERLAND TREE - Version 3.1
REGISTRATION FORM
+----------------------------------------------------------------+

Date: ________________________

Mail to: CUMBERLAND SOFTWARE
Ira J. Lund Who provided your copy of
404 Corinne Cr. CUMBERLAND TREE?
Clarksville, TN 37040
_________________________

From: __________________________________________

__________________________________________

__________________________________________

___ Please send me the program CONV2TO3.EXE to convert old Easy-
Tree 2.x data.
Circle the appropriate figures
TREE STORY DIARY
Regular Registration $39.50 $19.00 $16.00
$4.00 Diskette discount $35.50 $15.00 $12.00
$5.00 Multiple Regis-
tration Discount $34.50 $14.00 $11.00
Both discounts $30.50 $10.00 $7.00
postage paid (Check in US funds)

Notes: 1. If you purchased the diskette from Cumberland Software
for $4.00 (Handling Fee) you may deduct the $4.00
diskette discount.
2. You may deduct $5.00 from the second and third programs
you register.

+----------------------------------------------------------------+
Comments or Suggestions:

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

+----------------------------------------------------------------+
Origination code: T01001



Page: 27



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