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Filename : DFA.C

 
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/* dfa.c - determinisitic extended regexp routines for GNU
Copyright (C) 1988 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. */

/* Written June, 1988 by Mike Haertel
Modified July, 1988 by Arthur David Olson to assist BMG speedups */

#include
#include

#if defined(USG) || defined(STDC_HEADERS)
#include
#ifndef index
#define index strchr
#endif
#else
#include
#endif

#include "dfa.h"
#include "regex.h"

#if __STDC__
typedef void *ptr_t;
#else
typedef char *ptr_t;
#endif

static void regmust();

static ptr_t
xcalloc(n, s)
int n;
size_t s;
{
ptr_t r = calloc(n, s);

if (!r)
regerror("Memory exhausted");
return r;
}

ptr_t /* Not static, so alloca.o can use it. */
xmalloc(n)
size_t n;
{
ptr_t r = malloc(n);

assert(n != 0);
if (!r)
regerror("Memory exhausted");
return r;
}

static ptr_t
xrealloc(p, n)
ptr_t p;
size_t n;
{
ptr_t r = realloc(p, n);

assert(n != 0);
if (!r)
regerror("Memory exhausted");
return r;
}

#define CALLOC(p, t, n) ((p) = (t *) xcalloc((n), sizeof (t)))
#define MALLOC(p, t, n) ((p) = (t *) xmalloc((n) * sizeof (t)))
#define REALLOC(p, t, n) ((p) = (t *) xrealloc((ptr_t) (p), (n) * sizeof (t)))

/* Reallocate an array of type t if nalloc is too small for index. */
#define REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(p, t, nalloc, index) \
if ((index) >= (nalloc)) \
{ \
while ((index) >= (nalloc)) \
(nalloc) *= 2; \
REALLOC(p, t, nalloc); \
}

#ifdef DEBUG
#include

static void
prtok(t)
_token t;
{
char *s;

if (t < 0)
fprintf(stderr, "END");
else if (t < _NOTCHAR)
fprintf(stderr, "%c", t);
else
{
switch (t)
{
case _EMPTY: s = "EMPTY"; break;
case _BACKREF: s = "BACKREF"; break;
case _BEGLINE: s = "BEGLINE"; break;
case _ALLBEGLINE: s = "ALLBEGLINE"; break;
case _ENDLINE: s = "ENDLINE"; break;
case _ALLENDLINE: s = "ALLENDLINE"; break;
case _BEGWORD: s = "BEGWORD"; break;
case _ENDWORD: s = "ENDWORD"; break;
case _LIMWORD: s = "LIMWORD"; break;
case _NOTLIMWORD: s = "NOTLIMWORD"; break;
case _QMARK: s = "QMARK"; break;
case _STAR: s = "STAR"; break;
case _PLUS: s = "PLUS"; break;
case _CAT: s = "CAT"; break;
case _OR: s = "OR"; break;

case _LPAREN: s = "LPAREN"; break;
case _RPAREN: s = "RPAREN"; break;
default: s = "SET"; break;
}
fprintf(stderr, "%s", s);
}
}
#endif /* DEBUG */

/* Stuff pertaining to charsets. */

static int
tstbit(b, c)
int b;
_charset c;
{
return c[b / INTBITS] & 1 << b % INTBITS;
}

static void
setbit(b, c)
int b;
_charset c;
{
c[b / INTBITS] |= 1 << b % INTBITS;
}

static void
clrbit(b, c)
int b;
_charset c;
{
c[b / INTBITS] &= ~(1 << b % INTBITS);
}

static void
copyset(src, dst)
const _charset src;
_charset dst;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < _CHARSET_INTS; ++i)
dst[i] = src[i];
}

static void
zeroset(s)
_charset s;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < _CHARSET_INTS; ++i)
s[i] = 0;
}

static void
notset(s)
_charset s;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < _CHARSET_INTS; ++i)
s[i] = ~s[i];
}

static int
equal(s1, s2)
const _charset s1;
const _charset s2;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < _CHARSET_INTS; ++i)
if (s1[i] != s2[i])
return 0;
return 1;
}

/* A pointer to the current regexp is kept here during parsing. */
static struct regexp *reg;

/* Find the index of charset s in reg->charsets, or allocate a new charset. */
static int
charset_index(s)
const _charset s;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < reg->cindex; ++i)
if (equal(s, reg->charsets[i]))
return i;
REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(reg->charsets, _charset, reg->calloc, reg->cindex);
++reg->cindex;
copyset(s, reg->charsets[i]);
return i;
}

/* Syntax bits controlling the behavior of the lexical analyzer. */
static syntax_bits, syntax_bits_set;

/* Flag for case-folding letters into sets. */
static case_fold;

/* Entry point to set syntax options. */
void
regsyntax(bits, fold)
int bits;
int fold;
{
syntax_bits_set = 1;
syntax_bits = bits;
case_fold = fold;
}

/* Lexical analyzer. */
static const char *lexstart; /* Pointer to beginning of input string. */
static const char *lexptr; /* Pointer to next input character. */
static lexleft; /* Number of characters remaining. */
static caret_allowed; /* True if backward context allows ^
(meaningful only if RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS
is turned off). */
static closure_allowed; /* True if backward context allows closures
(meaningful only if RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS
is turned off). */

/* Note that characters become unsigned here. */
#define FETCH(c, eoferr) \
{ \
if (! lexleft) \
if (eoferr) \
regerror(eoferr); \
else \
return _END; \
(c) = (unsigned char) *lexptr++; \
--lexleft; \
}

static _token
lex()
{
_token c, c2;
int invert;
_charset cset;

FETCH(c, (char *) 0);
switch (c)
{
case '^':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS)
&& (!caret_allowed ||
(syntax_bits & RE_TIGHT_VBAR) && lexptr - 1 != lexstart))
goto normal_char;
caret_allowed = 0;
return syntax_bits & RE_TIGHT_VBAR ? _ALLBEGLINE : _BEGLINE;

case '$':
if (syntax_bits & RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS || !lexleft
|| (! (syntax_bits & RE_TIGHT_VBAR)
&& ((syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_PARENS
? lexleft > 0 && *lexptr == ')'
: lexleft > 1 && *lexptr == '\\' && lexptr[1] == ')')
|| (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_VBAR
? lexleft > 0 && *lexptr == '|'
: lexleft > 1 && *lexptr == '\\' && lexptr[1] == '|'))))
return syntax_bits & RE_TIGHT_VBAR ? _ALLENDLINE : _ENDLINE;
goto normal_char;

case '\\':
FETCH(c, "Unfinished \\ quote");
switch (c)
{
case '1':
case '2':
case '3':
case '4':
case '5':
case '6':
case '7':
case '8':
case '9':
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
return _BACKREF;

case '<':
caret_allowed = 0;
return _BEGWORD;

case '>':
caret_allowed = 0;
return _ENDWORD;

case 'b':
caret_allowed = 0;
return _LIMWORD;

case 'B':
caret_allowed = 0;
return _NOTLIMWORD;

case 'w':
case 'W':
zeroset(cset);
for (c2 = 0; c2 < _NOTCHAR; ++c2)
if (ISALNUM(c2))
setbit(c2, cset);
if (c == 'W')
notset(cset);
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
return _SET + charset_index(cset);

case '?':
if (syntax_bits & RE_BK_PLUS_QM)
goto qmark;
goto normal_char;

case '+':
if (syntax_bits & RE_BK_PLUS_QM)
goto plus;
goto normal_char;

case '|':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_VBAR))
goto or;
goto normal_char;

case '(':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_PARENS))
goto lparen;
goto normal_char;

case ')':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_PARENS))
goto rparen;
goto normal_char;

default:
goto normal_char;
}

case '?':
if (syntax_bits & RE_BK_PLUS_QM)
goto normal_char;
qmark:
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS) && !closure_allowed)
goto normal_char;
return _QMARK;

case '*':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS) && !closure_allowed)
goto normal_char;
return _STAR;

case '+':
if (syntax_bits & RE_BK_PLUS_QM)
goto normal_char;
plus:
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_CONTEXT_INDEP_OPS) && !closure_allowed)
goto normal_char;
return _PLUS;

case '|':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_VBAR))
goto normal_char;
or:
caret_allowed = 1;
closure_allowed = 0;
return _OR;

case '\n':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NEWLINE_OR))
goto normal_char;
goto or;

case '(':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_PARENS))
goto normal_char;
lparen:
caret_allowed = 1;
closure_allowed = 0;
return _LPAREN;

case ')':
if (! (syntax_bits & RE_NO_BK_PARENS))
goto normal_char;
rparen:
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
return _RPAREN;

case '.':
zeroset(cset);
notset(cset);
clrbit('\n', cset);
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
return _SET + charset_index(cset);

case '[':
zeroset(cset);
FETCH(c, "Unbalanced [");
if (c == '^')
{
FETCH(c, "Unbalanced [");
invert = 1;
}
else
invert = 0;
do
{
FETCH(c2, "Unbalanced [");
if (c2 == '-')
{
FETCH(c2, "Unbalanced [");
while (c <= c2)
{
setbit(c, cset);
if (case_fold)
if (ISUPPER(c))
setbit(tolower(c), cset);
else if (ISLOWER(c))
setbit(toupper(c), cset);
++c;
}
FETCH(c, "Unbalanced [");
}
else
{
setbit(c, cset);
if (case_fold)
if (ISUPPER(c))
setbit(tolower(c), cset);
else if (ISLOWER(c))
setbit(toupper(c), cset);
c = c2;
}
}
while (c != ']');
if (invert)
notset(cset);
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
return _SET + charset_index(cset);

default:
normal_char:
caret_allowed = 0;
closure_allowed = 1;
if (case_fold && ISALPHA(c))
{
zeroset(cset);
if (isupper(c))
c = tolower(c);
setbit(c, cset);
setbit(toupper(c), cset);
return _SET + charset_index(cset);
}
return c;
}
}

/* Recursive descent parser for regular expressions. */

static _token tok; /* Lookahead token. */
static depth; /* Current depth of a hypothetical stack
holding deferred productions. This is
used to determine the depth that will be
required of the real stack later on in
reganalyze(). */

/* Add the given token to the parse tree, maintaining the depth count and
updating the maximum depth if necessary. */
static void
addtok(t)
_token t;
{
REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(reg->tokens, _token, reg->talloc, reg->tindex);
reg->tokens[reg->tindex++] = t;

switch (t)
{
case _QMARK:
case _STAR:
case _PLUS:
break;

case _CAT:
case _OR:
--depth;
break;

default:
++reg->nleaves;
case _EMPTY:
++depth;
break;
}
if (depth > reg->depth)
reg->depth = depth;
}

/* The grammar understood by the parser is as follows.

start:
regexp
_ALLBEGLINE regexp
regexp _ALLENDLINE
_ALLBEGLINE regexp _ALLENDLINE

regexp:
regexp _OR branch
branch

branch:
branch closure
closure

closure:
closure _QMARK
closure _STAR
closure _PLUS
atom

atom:

_SET
_BACKREF
_BEGLINE
_ENDLINE
_BEGWORD
_ENDWORD
_LIMWORD
_NOTLIMWORD


The parser builds a parse tree in postfix form in an array of tokens. */

#if __STDC__
static void regexp(void);
#else
static void regexp();
#endif

static void
atom()
{
if (tok >= 0 && tok < _NOTCHAR || tok >= _SET || tok == _BACKREF
|| tok == _BEGLINE || tok == _ENDLINE || tok == _BEGWORD
|| tok == _ENDWORD || tok == _LIMWORD || tok == _NOTLIMWORD)
{
addtok(tok);
tok = lex();
}
else if (tok == _LPAREN)
{
tok = lex();
regexp();
if (tok != _RPAREN)
regerror("Unbalanced (");
tok = lex();
}
else
addtok(_EMPTY);
}

static void
closure()
{
atom();
while (tok == _QMARK || tok == _STAR || tok == _PLUS)
{
addtok(tok);
tok = lex();
}
}

static void
branch()
{
closure();
while (tok != _RPAREN && tok != _OR && tok != _ALLENDLINE && tok >= 0)
{
closure();
addtok(_CAT);
}
}

static void
regexp()
{
branch();
while (tok == _OR)
{
tok = lex();
branch();
addtok(_OR);
}
}

/* Main entry point for the parser. S is a string to be parsed, len is the
length of the string, so s can include NUL characters. R is a pointer to
the struct regexp to parse into. */
void
regparse(s, len, r)
const char *s;
size_t len;
struct regexp *r;
{
reg = r;
lexstart = lexptr = s;
lexleft = len;
caret_allowed = 1;
closure_allowed = 0;

if (! syntax_bits_set)
regerror("No syntax specified");

tok = lex();
depth = r->depth;

if (tok == _ALLBEGLINE)
{
addtok(_BEGLINE);
tok = lex();
regexp();
addtok(_CAT);
}
else
regexp();

if (tok == _ALLENDLINE)
{
addtok(_ENDLINE);
addtok(_CAT);
tok = lex();
}

if (tok != _END)
regerror("Unbalanced )");

addtok(_END - r->nregexps);
addtok(_CAT);

if (r->nregexps)
addtok(_OR);

++r->nregexps;
}

/* Some primitives for operating on sets of positions. */

/* Copy one set to another; the destination must be large enough. */
static void
copy(src, dst)
const _position_set *src;
_position_set *dst;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < src->nelem; ++i)
dst->elems[i] = src->elems[i];
dst->nelem = src->nelem;
}

/* Insert a position in a set. Position sets are maintained in sorted
order according to index. If position already exists in the set with
the same index then their constraints are logically or'd together.
S->elems must point to an array large enough to hold the resulting set. */
static void
insert(p, s)
_position p;
_position_set *s;
{
int i;
_position t1, t2;

for (i = 0; i < s->nelem && p.index < s->elems[i].index; ++i)
;
if (i < s->nelem && p.index == s->elems[i].index)
s->elems[i].constraint |= p.constraint;
else
{
t1 = p;
++s->nelem;
while (i < s->nelem)
{
t2 = s->elems[i];
s->elems[i++] = t1;
t1 = t2;
}
}
}

/* Merge two sets of positions into a third. The result is exactly as if
the positions of both sets were inserted into an initially empty set. */
static void
merge(s1, s2, m)
_position_set *s1;
_position_set *s2;
_position_set *m;
{
int i = 0, j = 0;

m->nelem = 0;
while (i < s1->nelem && j < s2->nelem)
if (s1->elems[i].index > s2->elems[j].index)
m->elems[m->nelem++] = s1->elems[i++];
else if (s1->elems[i].index < s2->elems[j].index)
m->elems[m->nelem++] = s2->elems[j++];
else
{
m->elems[m->nelem] = s1->elems[i++];
m->elems[m->nelem++].constraint |= s2->elems[j++].constraint;
}
while (i < s1->nelem)
m->elems[m->nelem++] = s1->elems[i++];
while (j < s2->nelem)
m->elems[m->nelem++] = s2->elems[j++];
}

/* Delete a position from a set. */
static void
delete(p, s)
_position p;
_position_set *s;
{
int i;

for (i = 0; i < s->nelem; ++i)
if (p.index == s->elems[i].index)
break;
if (i < s->nelem)
for (--s->nelem; i < s->nelem; ++i)
s->elems[i] = s->elems[i + 1];
}

/* Find the index of the state corresponding to the given position set with
the given preceding context, or create a new state if there is no such
state. Newline and letter tell whether we got here on a newline or
letter, respectively. */
static int
state_index(r, s, newline, letter)
struct regexp *r;
_position_set *s;
int newline;
int letter;
{
int hash = 0;
int constraint;
int i, j;

newline = newline ? 1 : 0;
letter = letter ? 1 : 0;

for (i = 0; i < s->nelem; ++i)
hash ^= s->elems[i].index + s->elems[i].constraint;

/* Try to find a state that exactly matches the proposed one. */
for (i = 0; i < r->sindex; ++i)
{
if (hash != r->states[i].hash || s->nelem != r->states[i].elems.nelem
|| newline != r->states[i].newline || letter != r->states[i].letter)
continue;
for (j = 0; j < s->nelem; ++j)
if (s->elems[j].constraint
!= r->states[i].elems.elems[j].constraint
|| s->elems[j].index != r->states[i].elems.elems[j].index)
break;
if (j == s->nelem)
return i;
}

/* We'll have to create a new state. */
REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(r->states, _dfa_state, r->salloc, r->sindex);
r->states[i].hash = hash;
MALLOC(r->states[i].elems.elems, _position, s->nelem);
copy(s, &r->states[i].elems);
r->states[i].newline = newline;
r->states[i].letter = letter;
r->states[i].backref = 0;
r->states[i].constraint = 0;
r->states[i].first_end = 0;
for (j = 0; j < s->nelem; ++j)
if (r->tokens[s->elems[j].index] < 0)
{
constraint = s->elems[j].constraint;
if (_SUCCEEDS_IN_CONTEXT(constraint, newline, 0, letter, 0)
|| _SUCCEEDS_IN_CONTEXT(constraint, newline, 0, letter, 1)
|| _SUCCEEDS_IN_CONTEXT(constraint, newline, 1, letter, 0)
|| _SUCCEEDS_IN_CONTEXT(constraint, newline, 1, letter, 1))
r->states[i].constraint |= constraint;
if (! r->states[i].first_end)
r->states[i].first_end = r->tokens[s->elems[j].index];
}
else if (r->tokens[s->elems[j].index] == _BACKREF)
{
r->states[i].constraint = _NO_CONSTRAINT;
r->states[i].backref = 1;
}

++r->sindex;

return i;
}

/* Find the epsilon closure of a set of positions. If any position of the set
contains a symbol that matches the empty string in some context, replace
that position with the elements of its follow labeled with an appropriate
constraint. Repeat exhaustively until no funny positions are left.
S->elems must be large enough to hold the result. */
void
epsclosure(s, r)
_position_set *s;
struct regexp *r;
{
int i, j;
int *visited;
_position p, old;

MALLOC(visited, int, r->tindex);
for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)
visited[i] = 0;

for (i = 0; i < s->nelem; ++i)
if (r->tokens[s->elems[i].index] >= _NOTCHAR
&& r->tokens[s->elems[i].index] != _BACKREF
&& r->tokens[s->elems[i].index] < _SET)
{
old = s->elems[i];
p.constraint = old.constraint;
delete(s->elems[i], s);
if (visited[old.index])
{
--i;
continue;
}
visited[old.index] = 1;
switch (r->tokens[old.index])
{
case _BEGLINE:
p.constraint &= _BEGLINE_CONSTRAINT;
break;
case _ENDLINE:
p.constraint &= _ENDLINE_CONSTRAINT;
break;
case _BEGWORD:
p.constraint &= _BEGWORD_CONSTRAINT;
break;
case _ENDWORD:
p.constraint &= _ENDWORD_CONSTRAINT;
break;
case _LIMWORD:
p.constraint &= _LIMWORD_CONSTRAINT;
break;
case _NOTLIMWORD:
p.constraint &= _NOTLIMWORD_CONSTRAINT;
break;
default:
break;
}
for (j = 0; j < r->follows[old.index].nelem; ++j)
{
p.index = r->follows[old.index].elems[j].index;
insert(p, s);
}
/* Force rescan to start at the beginning. */
i = -1;
}

free(visited);
}

/* Perform bottom-up analysis on the parse tree, computing various functions.
Note that at this point, we're pretending constructs like \< are real
characters rather than constraints on what can follow them.

Nullable: A node is nullable if it is at the root of a regexp that can
match the empty string.
* _EMPTY leaves are nullable.
* No other leaf is nullable.
* A _QMARK or _STAR node is nullable.
* A _PLUS node is nullable if its argument is nullable.
* A _CAT node is nullable if both its arguments are nullable.
* An _OR node is nullable if either argument is nullable.

Firstpos: The firstpos of a node is the set of positions (nonempty leaves)
that could correspond to the first character of a string matching the
regexp rooted at the given node.
* _EMPTY leaves have empty firstpos.
* The firstpos of a nonempty leaf is that leaf itself.
* The firstpos of a _QMARK, _STAR, or _PLUS node is the firstpos of its
argument.
* The firstpos of a _CAT node is the firstpos of the left argument, union
the firstpos of the right if the left argument is nullable.
* The firstpos of an _OR node is the union of firstpos of each argument.

Lastpos: The lastpos of a node is the set of positions that could
correspond to the last character of a string matching the regexp at
the given node.
* _EMPTY leaves have empty lastpos.
* The lastpos of a nonempty leaf is that leaf itself.
* The lastpos of a _QMARK, _STAR, or _PLUS node is the lastpos of its
argument.
* The lastpos of a _CAT node is the lastpos of its right argument, union
the lastpos of the left if the right argument is nullable.
* The lastpos of an _OR node is the union of the lastpos of each argument.

Follow: The follow of a position is the set of positions that could
correspond to the character following a character matching the node in
a string matching the regexp. At this point we consider special symbols
that match the empty string in some context to be just normal characters.
Later, if we find that a special symbol is in a follow set, we will
replace it with the elements of its follow, labeled with an appropriate
constraint.
* Every node in the firstpos of the argument of a _STAR or _PLUS node is in
the follow of every node in the lastpos.
* Every node in the firstpos of the second argument of a _CAT node is in
the follow of every node in the lastpos of the first argument.

Because of the postfix representation of the parse tree, the depth-first
analysis is conveniently done by a linear scan with the aid of a stack.
Sets are stored as arrays of the elements, obeying a stack-like allocation
scheme; the number of elements in each set deeper in the stack can be
used to determine the address of a particular set's array. */
void
reganalyze(r, searchflag)
struct regexp *r;
int searchflag;
{
int *nullable; /* Nullable stack. */
int *nfirstpos; /* Element count stack for firstpos sets. */
_position *firstpos; /* Array where firstpos elements are stored. */
int *nlastpos; /* Element count stack for lastpos sets. */
_position *lastpos; /* Array where lastpos elements are stored. */
int *nalloc; /* Sizes of arrays allocated to follow sets. */
_position_set tmp; /* Temporary set for merging sets. */
_position_set merged; /* Result of merging sets. */
int wants_newline; /* True if some position wants newline info. */
int *o_nullable;
int *o_nfirst, *o_nlast;
_position *o_firstpos, *o_lastpos;
int i, j;
_position *pos;

#ifdef DEBUG
fprintf(stderr, "reganalyze:\n");
for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)
{
fprintf(stderr, " %d:", i);
prtok(r->tokens[i]);
}
putc('\n', stderr);
#endif

r->searchflag = searchflag;

MALLOC(nullable, int, r->depth);
o_nullable = nullable;
MALLOC(nfirstpos, int, r->depth);
o_nfirst = nfirstpos;
MALLOC(firstpos, _position, r->nleaves);
o_firstpos = firstpos, firstpos += r->nleaves;
MALLOC(nlastpos, int, r->depth);
o_nlast = nlastpos;
MALLOC(lastpos, _position, r->nleaves);
o_lastpos = lastpos, lastpos += r->nleaves;
MALLOC(nalloc, int, r->tindex);
for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)
nalloc[i] = 0;
MALLOC(merged.elems, _position, r->nleaves);

CALLOC(r->follows, _position_set, r->tindex);

for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)

#ifdef DEBUG
{ /* Nonsyntactic #ifdef goo... */
#endif
switch (r->tokens[i])
{
case _EMPTY:
/* The empty set is nullable. */
*nullable++ = 1;

/* The firstpos and lastpos of the empty leaf are both empty. */
*nfirstpos++ = *nlastpos++ = 0;
break;

case _STAR:
case _PLUS:
/* Every element in the firstpos of the argument is in the follow
of every element in the lastpos. */
tmp.nelem = nfirstpos[-1];
tmp.elems = firstpos;
pos = lastpos;
for (j = 0; j < nlastpos[-1]; ++j)
{
merge(&tmp, &r->follows[pos[j].index], &merged);
REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(r->follows[pos[j].index].elems, _position,
nalloc[pos[j].index], merged.nelem - 1);
copy(&merged, &r->follows[pos[j].index]);
}

case _QMARK:
/* A _QMARK or _STAR node is automatically nullable. */
if (r->tokens[i] != _PLUS)
nullable[-1] = 1;
break;

case _CAT:
/* Every element in the firstpos of the second argument is in the
follow of every element in the lastpos of the first argument. */
tmp.nelem = nfirstpos[-1];
tmp.elems = firstpos;
pos = lastpos + nlastpos[-1];
for (j = 0; j < nlastpos[-2]; ++j)
{
merge(&tmp, &r->follows[pos[j].index], &merged);
REALLOC_IF_NECESSARY(r->follows[pos[j].index].elems, _position,
nalloc[pos[j].index], merged.nelem - 1);
copy(&merged, &r->follows[pos[j].index]);
}

/* The firstpos of a _CAT node is the firstpos of the first argument,
union that of the second argument if the first is nullable. */
if (nullable[-2])
nfirstpos[-2] += nfirstpos[-1];
else
firstpos += nfirstpos[-1];
--nfirstpos;

/* The lastpos of a _CAT node is the lastpos of the second argument,
union that of the first argument if the second is nullable. */
if (nullable[-1])
nlastpos[-2] += nlastpos[-1];
else
{
pos = lastpos + nlastpos[-2];
for (j = nlastpos[-1] - 1; j >= 0; --j)
pos[j] = lastpos[j];
lastpos += nlastpos[-2];
nlastpos[-2] = nlastpos[-1];
}
--nlastpos;

/* A _CAT node is nullable if both arguments are nullable. */
nullable[-2] = nullable[-1] && nullable[-2];
--nullable;
break;

case _OR:
/* The firstpos is the union of the firstpos of each argument. */
nfirstpos[-2] += nfirstpos[-1];
--nfirstpos;

/* The lastpos is the union of the lastpos of each argument. */
nlastpos[-2] += nlastpos[-1];
--nlastpos;

/* An _OR node is nullable if either argument is nullable. */
nullable[-2] = nullable[-1] || nullable[-2];
--nullable;
break;

default:
/* Anything else is a nonempty position. (Note that special
constructs like \< are treated as nonempty strings here;
an "epsilon closure" effectively makes them nullable later.
Backreferences have to get a real position so we can detect
transitions on them later. But they are nullable. */
*nullable++ = r->tokens[i] == _BACKREF;

/* This position is in its own firstpos and lastpos. */
*nfirstpos++ = *nlastpos++ = 1;
--firstpos, --lastpos;
firstpos->index = lastpos->index = i;
firstpos->constraint = lastpos->constraint = _NO_CONSTRAINT;

/* Allocate the follow set for this position. */
nalloc[i] = 1;
MALLOC(r->follows[i].elems, _position, nalloc[i]);
break;
}
#ifdef DEBUG
/* ... balance the above nonsyntactic #ifdef goo... */
fprintf(stderr, "node %d:", i);
prtok(r->tokens[i]);
putc('\n', stderr);
fprintf(stderr, nullable[-1] ? " nullable: yes\n" : " nullable: no\n");
fprintf(stderr, " firstpos:");
for (j = nfirstpos[-1] - 1; j >= 0; --j)
{
fprintf(stderr, " %d:", firstpos[j].index);
prtok(r->tokens[firstpos[j].index]);
}
fprintf(stderr, "\n lastpos:");
for (j = nlastpos[-1] - 1; j >= 0; --j)
{
fprintf(stderr, " %d:", lastpos[j].index);
prtok(r->tokens[lastpos[j].index]);
}
putc('\n', stderr);
}
#endif

/* For each follow set that is the follow set of a real position, replace
it with its epsilon closure. */
for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)
if (r->tokens[i] < _NOTCHAR || r->tokens[i] == _BACKREF
|| r->tokens[i] >= _SET)
{
#ifdef DEBUG
fprintf(stderr, "follows(%d:", i);
prtok(r->tokens[i]);
fprintf(stderr, "):");
for (j = r->follows[i].nelem - 1; j >= 0; --j)
{
fprintf(stderr, " %d:", r->follows[i].elems[j].index);
prtok(r->tokens[r->follows[i].elems[j].index]);
}
putc('\n', stderr);
#endif
copy(&r->follows[i], &merged);
epsclosure(&merged, r);
if (r->follows[i].nelem < merged.nelem)
REALLOC(r->follows[i].elems, _position, merged.nelem);
copy(&merged, &r->follows[i]);
}

/* Get the epsilon closure of the firstpos of the regexp. The result will
be the set of positions of state 0. */
merged.nelem = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nfirstpos[-1]; ++i)
insert(firstpos[i], &merged);
epsclosure(&merged, r);

/* Check if any of the positions of state 0 will want newline context. */
wants_newline = 0;
for (i = 0; i < merged.nelem; ++i)
if (_PREV_NEWLINE_DEPENDENT(merged.elems[i].constraint))
wants_newline = 1;

/* Build the initial state. */
r->salloc = 1;
r->sindex = 0;
MALLOC(r->states, _dfa_state, r->salloc);
state_index(r, &merged, wants_newline, 0);

free(o_nullable);
free(o_nfirst);
free(o_firstpos);
free(o_nlast);
free(o_lastpos);
free(nalloc);
free(merged.elems);
}

/* Find, for each character, the transition out of state s of r, and store
it in the appropriate slot of trans.

We divide the positions of s into groups (positions can appear in more
than one group). Each group is labeled with a set of characters that
every position in the group matches (taking into account, if necessary,
preceding context information of s). For each group, find the union
of the its elements' follows. This set is the set of positions of the
new state. For each character in the group's label, set the transition
on this character to be to a state corresponding to the set's positions,
and its associated backward context information, if necessary.

If we are building a searching matcher, we include the positions of state
0 in every state.

The collection of groups is constructed by building an equivalence-class
partition of the positions of s.

For each position, find the set of characters C that it matches. Eliminate
any characters from C that fail on grounds of backward context.

Search through the groups, looking for a group whose label L has nonempty
intersection with C. If L - C is nonempty, create a new group labeled
L - C and having the same positions as the current group, and set L to
the intersection of L and C. Insert the position in this group, set
C = C - L, and resume scanning.

If after comparing with every group there are characters remaining in C,
create a new group labeled with the characters of C and insert this
position in that group. */
void
regstate(s, r, trans)
int s;
struct regexp *r;
int trans[];
{
_position_set grps[_NOTCHAR]; /* As many as will ever be needed. */
_charset labels[_NOTCHAR]; /* Labels corresponding to the groups. */
int ngrps = 0; /* Number of groups actually used. */
_position pos; /* Current position being considered. */
_charset matches; /* Set of matching characters. */
int matchesf; /* True if matches is nonempty. */
_charset intersect; /* Intersection with some label set. */
int intersectf; /* True if intersect is nonempty. */
_charset leftovers; /* Stuff in the label that didn't match. */
int leftoversf; /* True if leftovers is nonempty. */
static _charset letters; /* Set of characters considered letters. */
static _charset newline; /* Set of characters that aren't newline. */
_position_set follows; /* Union of the follows of some group. */
_position_set tmp; /* Temporary space for merging sets. */
int state; /* New state. */
int wants_newline; /* New state wants to know newline context. */
int state_newline; /* New state on a newline transition. */
int wants_letter; /* New state wants to know letter context. */
int state_letter; /* New state on a letter transition. */
static initialized; /* Flag for static initialization. */
int i, j, k;

/* Initialize the set of letters, if necessary. */
if (! initialized)
{
initialized = 1;
for (i = 0; i < _NOTCHAR; ++i)
if (ISALNUM(i))
setbit(i, letters);
setbit('\n', newline);
}

zeroset(matches);

for (i = 0; i < r->states[s].elems.nelem; ++i)
{
pos = r->states[s].elems.elems[i];
if (r->tokens[pos.index] >= 0 && r->tokens[pos.index] < _NOTCHAR)
setbit(r->tokens[pos.index], matches);
else if (r->tokens[pos.index] >= _SET)
copyset(r->charsets[r->tokens[pos.index] - _SET], matches);
else
continue;

/* Some characters may need to be eliminated from matches because
they fail in the current context. */
if (pos.constraint != 0xFF)
{
if (! _MATCHES_NEWLINE_CONTEXT(pos.constraint,
r->states[s].newline, 1))
clrbit('\n', matches);
if (! _MATCHES_NEWLINE_CONTEXT(pos.constraint,
r->states[s].newline, 0))
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS; ++j)
matches[j] &= newline[j];
if (! _MATCHES_LETTER_CONTEXT(pos.constraint,
r->states[s].letter, 1))
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS; ++j)
matches[j] &= ~letters[j];
if (! _MATCHES_LETTER_CONTEXT(pos.constraint,
r->states[s].letter, 0))
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS; ++j)
matches[j] &= letters[j];

/* If there are no characters left, there's no point in going on. */
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS && !matches[j]; ++j)
;
if (j == _CHARSET_INTS)
continue;
}

for (j = 0; j < ngrps; ++j)
{
/* If matches contains a single character only, and the current
group's label doesn't contain that character, go on to the
next group. */
if (r->tokens[pos.index] >= 0 && r->tokens[pos.index] < _NOTCHAR
&& !tstbit(r->tokens[pos.index], labels[j]))
continue;

/* Check if this group's label has a nonempty intersection with
matches. */
intersectf = 0;
for (k = 0; k < _CHARSET_INTS; ++k)
(intersect[k] = matches[k] & labels[j][k]) ? intersectf = 1 : 0;
if (! intersectf)
continue;

/* It does; now find the set differences both ways. */
leftoversf = matchesf = 0;
for (k = 0; k < _CHARSET_INTS; ++k)
{
/* Even an optimizing compiler can't know this for sure. */
int match = matches[k], label = labels[j][k];

(leftovers[k] = ~match & label) ? leftoversf = 1 : 0;
(matches[k] = match & ~label) ? matchesf = 1 : 0;
}

/* If there were leftovers, create a new group labeled with them. */
if (leftoversf)
{
copyset(leftovers, labels[ngrps]);
copyset(intersect, labels[j]);
MALLOC(grps[ngrps].elems, _position, r->nleaves);
copy(&grps[j], &grps[ngrps]);
++ngrps;
}

/* Put the position in the current group. Note that there is no
reason to call insert() here. */
grps[j].elems[grps[j].nelem++] = pos;

/* If every character matching the current position has been
accounted for, we're done. */
if (! matchesf)
break;
}

/* If we've passed the last group, and there are still characters
unaccounted for, then we'll have to create a new group. */
if (j == ngrps)
{
copyset(matches, labels[ngrps]);
zeroset(matches);
MALLOC(grps[ngrps].elems, _position, r->nleaves);
grps[ngrps].nelem = 1;
grps[ngrps].elems[0] = pos;
++ngrps;
}
}

MALLOC(follows.elems, _position, r->nleaves);
MALLOC(tmp.elems, _position, r->nleaves);

/* If we are a searching matcher, the default transition is to a state
containing the positions of state 0, otherwise the default transition
is to fail miserably. */
if (r->searchflag)
{
wants_newline = 0;
wants_letter = 0;
for (i = 0; i < r->states[0].elems.nelem; ++i)
{
if (_PREV_NEWLINE_DEPENDENT(r->states[0].elems.elems[i].constraint))
wants_newline = 1;
if (_PREV_LETTER_DEPENDENT(r->states[0].elems.elems[i].constraint))
wants_letter = 1;
}
copy(&r->states[0].elems, &follows);
state = state_index(r, &follows, 0, 0);
if (wants_newline)
state_newline = state_index(r, &follows, 1, 0);
else
state_newline = state;
if (wants_letter)
state_letter = state_index(r, &follows, 0, 1);
else
state_letter = state;
for (i = 0; i < _NOTCHAR; ++i)
if (i == '\n')
trans[i] = state_newline;
else if (ISALNUM(i))
trans[i] = state_letter;
else
trans[i] = state;
}
else
for (i = 0; i < _NOTCHAR; ++i)
trans[i] = -1;

for (i = 0; i < ngrps; ++i)
{
follows.nelem = 0;

/* Find the union of the follows of the positions of the group.
This is a hideously inefficient loop. Fix it someday. */
for (j = 0; j < grps[i].nelem; ++j)
for (k = 0; k < r->follows[grps[i].elems[j].index].nelem; ++k)
insert(r->follows[grps[i].elems[j].index].elems[k], &follows);

/* If we are building a searching matcher, throw in the positions
of state 0 as well. */
if (r->searchflag)
for (j = 0; j < r->states[0].elems.nelem; ++j)
insert(r->states[0].elems.elems[j], &follows);

/* Find out if the new state will want any context information. */
wants_newline = 0;
if (tstbit('\n', labels[i]))
for (j = 0; j < follows.nelem; ++j)
if (_PREV_NEWLINE_DEPENDENT(follows.elems[j].constraint))
wants_newline = 1;

wants_letter = 0;
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS; ++j)
if (labels[i][j] & letters[j])
break;
if (j < _CHARSET_INTS)
for (j = 0; j < follows.nelem; ++j)
if (_PREV_LETTER_DEPENDENT(follows.elems[j].constraint))
wants_letter = 1;

/* Find the state(s) corresponding to the union of the follows. */

state = state_index(r, &follows, 0, 0);
if (wants_newline)
state_newline = state_index(r, &follows, 1, 0);
else
state_newline = state;
if (wants_letter)
state_letter = state_index(r, &follows, 0, 1);
else
state_letter = state;

/* Set the transitions for each character in the current label. */
for (j = 0; j < _CHARSET_INTS; ++j)
for (k = 0; k < INTBITS; ++k)
if (labels[i][j] & 1 << k)
{
int c = j * INTBITS + k;

if (c == '\n')
trans[c] = state_newline;
else if (ISALNUM(c))
trans[c] = state_letter;
else if (c < _NOTCHAR)
trans[c] = state;
}
}

for (i = 0; i < ngrps; ++i)
free(grps[i].elems);
free(follows.elems);
free(tmp.elems);
}

/* Some routines for manipulating a compiled regexp's transition tables.
Each state may or may not have a transition table; if it does, and it
is a non-accepting state, then r->trans[state] points to its table.
If it is an accepting state then r->fails[state] points to its table.
If it has no table at all, then r->trans[state] is NULL.
TODO: Improve this comment, get rid of the unnecessary redundancy. */

static void
build_state(s, r)
int s;
struct regexp *r;
{
int *trans; /* The new transition table. */
int i;

/* Set an upper limit on the number of transition tables that will ever
exist at once. 1024 is arbitrary. The idea is that the frequently
used transition tables will be quickly rebuilt, whereas the ones that
were only needed once or twice will be cleared away. */
if (r->trcount >= 1024)
{
for (i = 0; i < r->tralloc; ++i)
if (r->trans[i])
{
free((ptr_t) r->trans[i]);
r->trans[i] = NULL;
}
else if (r->fails[i])
{
free((ptr_t) r->fails[i]);
r->fails[i] = NULL;
}
r->trcount = 0;
}

++r->trcount;

/* Set up the success bits for this state. */
r->success[s] = 0;
if (ACCEPTS_IN_CONTEXT(r->states[s].newline, 1, r->states[s].letter, 0,
s, *r))
r->success[s] |= 4;
if (ACCEPTS_IN_CONTEXT(r->states[s].newline, 0, r->states[s].letter, 1,
s, *r))
r->success[s] |= 2;
if (ACCEPTS_IN_CONTEXT(r->states[s].newline, 0, r->states[s].letter, 0,
s, *r))
r->success[s] |= 1;

MALLOC(trans, int, _NOTCHAR);
regstate(s, r, trans);

/* Now go through the new transition table, and make sure that the trans
and fail arrays are allocated large enough to hold a pointer for the
largest state mentioned in the table. */
for (i = 0; i < _NOTCHAR; ++i)
if (trans[i] >= r->tralloc)
{
int oldalloc = r->tralloc;

while (trans[i] >= r->tralloc)
r->tralloc *= 2;
REALLOC(r->realtrans, int *, r->tralloc + 1);
r->trans = r->realtrans + 1;
REALLOC(r->fails, int *, r->tralloc);
REALLOC(r->success, int, r->tralloc);
REALLOC(r->newlines, int, r->tralloc);
while (oldalloc < r->tralloc)
{
r->trans[oldalloc] = NULL;
r->fails[oldalloc++] = NULL;
}
}

/* Keep the newline transition in a special place so we can use it as
a sentinel. */
r->newlines[s] = trans['\n'];
trans['\n'] = -1;

if (ACCEPTING(s, *r))
r->fails[s] = trans;
else
r->trans[s] = trans;
}

static void
build_state_zero(r)
struct regexp *r;
{
r->tralloc = 1;
r->trcount = 0;
CALLOC(r->realtrans, int *, r->tralloc + 1);
r->trans = r->realtrans + 1;
CALLOC(r->fails, int *, r->tralloc);
MALLOC(r->success, int, r->tralloc);
MALLOC(r->newlines, int, r->tralloc);
build_state(0, r);
}

/* Search through a buffer looking for a match to the given struct regexp.
Find the first occurrence of a string matching the regexp in the buffer,
and the shortest possible version thereof. Return a pointer to the first
character after the match, or NULL if none is found. Begin points to
the beginning of the buffer, and end points to the first character after
its end. We store a newline in *end to act as a sentinel, so end had
better point somewhere valid. Newline is a flag indicating whether to
allow newlines to be in the matching string. If count is non-
NULL it points to a place we're supposed to increment every time we
see a newline. Finally, if backref is non-NULL it points to a place
where we're supposed to store a 1 if backreferencing happened and the
match needs to be verified by a backtracking matcher. Otherwise
we store a 0 in *backref. */
char *
regexecute(r, begin, end, newline, count, backref)
struct regexp *r;
char *begin;
char *end;
int newline;
int *count;
int *backref;
{
register s, s1, tmp; /* Current state. */
register unsigned char *p; /* Current input character. */
register **trans, *t; /* Copy of r->trans so it can be optimized
into a register. */
static sbit[_NOTCHAR]; /* Table for anding with r->success. */
static sbit_init;

if (! sbit_init)
{
int i;

sbit_init = 1;
for (i = 0; i < _NOTCHAR; ++i)
if (i == '\n')
sbit[i] = 4;
else if (ISALNUM(i))
sbit[i] = 2;
else
sbit[i] = 1;
}

if (! r->tralloc)
build_state_zero(r);

s = 0;
p = (unsigned char *) begin;
trans = r->trans;
*end = '\n';

for (;;)
{
/* The dreaded inner loop. */
if (t = trans[s])
do
{
s1 = t[*p++];
if (! (t = trans[s1]))
goto last_was_s;
s = t[*p++];
}
while (t = trans[s]);
goto last_was_s1;
last_was_s:
tmp = s, s = s1, s1 = tmp;
last_was_s1:

if (s >= 0 && p <= (unsigned char *) end && r->fails[s])
{
if (r->success[s] & sbit[*p])
{
if (backref)
if (r->states[s].backref)
*backref = 1;
else
*backref = 0;
return (char *) p;
}

s1 = s;
s = r->fails[s][*p++];
continue;
}

/* If the previous character was a newline, count it. */
if (count && (char *) p <= end && p[-1] == '\n')
++*count;

/* Check if we've run off the end of the buffer. */
if ((char *) p >= end)
return NULL;

if (s >= 0)
{
build_state(s, r);
trans = r->trans;
continue;
}

if (p[-1] == '\n' && newline)
{
s = r->newlines[s1];
continue;
}

s = 0;
}
}

/* Initialize the components of a regexp that the other routines don't
initialize for themselves. */
void
reginit(r)
struct regexp *r;
{
r->calloc = 1;
MALLOC(r->charsets, _charset, r->calloc);
r->cindex = 0;

r->talloc = 1;
MALLOC(r->tokens, _token, r->talloc);
r->tindex = r->depth = r->nleaves = r->nregexps = 0;

r->searchflag = 0;
r->tralloc = 0;
}

/* Parse and analyze a single string of the given length. */
void
regcompile(s, len, r, searchflag)
const char *s;
size_t len;
struct regexp *r;
int searchflag;
{
if (case_fold) /* dummy folding in service of regmust() */
{
char *copy;
int i;

copy = malloc(len);
if (!copy)
regerror("out of memory");

/* This is a complete kludge and could potentially break
\ escapes . . . */
case_fold = 0;
for (i = 0; i < len; ++i)
if (ISUPPER(s[i]))
copy[i] = tolower(s[i]);
else
copy[i] = s[i];

reginit(r);
r->mustn = 0;
r->must[0] = '\0';
regparse(copy, len, r);
free(copy);
regmust(r);
reganalyze(r, searchflag);
case_fold = 1;
reginit(r);
regparse(s, len, r);
reganalyze(r, searchflag);
}
else
{
reginit(r);
regparse(s, len, r);
regmust(r);
reganalyze(r, searchflag);
}
}

/* Free the storage held by the components of a regexp. */
void
regfree(r)
struct regexp *r;
{
int i;

free((ptr_t) r->charsets);
free((ptr_t) r->tokens);
for (i = 0; i < r->sindex; ++i)
free((ptr_t) r->states[i].elems.elems);
free((ptr_t) r->states);
for (i = 0; i < r->tindex; ++i)
if (r->follows[i].elems)
free((ptr_t) r->follows[i].elems);
free((ptr_t) r->follows);
for (i = 0; i < r->tralloc; ++i)
if (r->trans[i])
free((ptr_t) r->trans[i]);
else if (r->fails[i])
free((ptr_t) r->fails[i]);
free((ptr_t) r->realtrans);
free((ptr_t) r->fails);
free((ptr_t) r->newlines);
}

/*
Having found the postfix representation of the regular expression,
try to find a long sequence of characters that must appear in any line
containing the r.e.
Finding a "longest" sequence is beyond the scope here;
we take an easy way out and hope for the best.
(Take "(ab|a)b"--please.)

We do a bottom-up calculation of sequences of characters that must appear
in matches of r.e.'s represented by trees rooted at the nodes of the postfix
representation:
sequences that must appear at the left of the match ("left")
sequences that must appear at the right of the match ("right")
lists of sequences that must appear somewhere in the match ("in")
sequences that must constitute the match ("is")
When we get to the root of the tree, we use one of the longest of its
calculated "in" sequences as our answer. The sequence we find is returned in
r->must (where "r" is the single argument passed to "regmust");
the length of the sequence is returned in r->mustn.

The sequences calculated for the various types of node (in pseudo ANSI c)
are shown below. "p" is the operand of unary operators (and the left-hand
operand of binary operators); "q" is the right-hand operand of binary operators
.
"ZERO" means "a zero-length sequence" below.

Type left right is in
---- ---- ----- -- --
char c # c # c # c # c

SET ZERO ZERO ZERO ZERO

STAR ZERO ZERO ZERO ZERO

QMARK ZERO ZERO ZERO ZERO

PLUS p->left p->right ZERO p->in

CAT (p->is==ZERO)? (q->is==ZERO)? (p->is!=ZERO && p->in plus
p->left : q->right : q->is!=ZERO) ? q->in plus
p->is##q->left p->right##q->is p->is##q->is : p->right##q->left
ZERO

OR longest common longest common (do p->is and substrings common to
leading trailing q->is have same p->in and q->in
(sub)sequence (sub)sequence length and
of p->left of p->right content) ?
and q->left and q->right p->is : NULL

If there's anything else we recognize in the tree, all four sequences get set
to zero-length sequences. If there's something we don't recognize in the tree,
we just return a zero-length sequence.

Break ties in favor of infrequent letters (choosing 'zzz' in preference to
'aaa')?

And. . .is it here or someplace that we might ponder "optimizations" such as
egrep 'psi|epsilon' -> egrep 'psi'
egrep 'pepsi|epsilon' -> egrep 'epsi'
(Yes, we now find "epsi" as a "string
that must occur", but we might also
simplify the *entire* r.e. being sought
)
grep '[c]' -> grep 'c'
grep '(ab|a)b' -> grep 'ab'
grep 'ab*' -> grep 'a'
grep 'a*b' -> grep 'b'
There are several issues:
Is optimization easy (enough)?

Does optimization actually accomplish anything,
or is the automaton you get from "psi|epsilon" (for example)
the same as the one you get from "psi" (for example)?

Are optimizable r.e.'s likely to be used in real-life situations
(something like 'ab*' is probably unlikely; something like is
'psi|epsilon' is likelier)?
*/

static char *
icatalloc(old, new)
char * old;
char * new;
{
register char * result;
register int oldsize, newsize;

newsize = (new == NULL) ? 0 : strlen(new);
if (old == NULL)
oldsize = 0;
else if (newsize == 0)
return old;
else oldsize = strlen(old);
if (old == NULL)
result = (char *) malloc(newsize + 1);
else result = (char *) realloc((void *) old, oldsize + newsize + 1);
if (result != NULL && new != NULL)
(void) strcpy(result + oldsize, new);
return result;
}

static char *
icpyalloc(string)
const char * string;
{
return icatalloc((char *) NULL, string);
}

static char *
istrstr(lookin, lookfor)
char * lookin;
register char * lookfor;
{
register char * cp;
register int len;

len = strlen(lookfor);
for (cp = lookin; *cp != '\0'; ++cp)
if (strncmp(cp, lookfor, len) == 0)
return cp;
return NULL;
}

static void
ifree(cp)
char * cp;
{
if (cp != NULL)
free(cp);
}

static void
freelist(cpp)
register char ** cpp;
{
register int i;

if (cpp == NULL)
return;
for (i = 0; cpp[i] != NULL; ++i) {
free(cpp[i]);
cpp[i] = NULL;
}
}

static char **
enlist(cpp, new, len)
register char ** cpp;
register char * new;
int len;
{
register int i, j;

if (cpp == NULL)
return NULL;
if ((new = icpyalloc(new)) == NULL) {
freelist(cpp);
return NULL;
}
new[len] = '\0';
/*
** Is there already something in the list that's new (or longer)?
*/
for (i = 0; cpp[i] != NULL; ++i)
if (istrstr(cpp[i], new) != NULL) {
free(new);
return cpp;
}
/*
** Eliminate any obsoleted strings.
*/
j = 0;
while (cpp[j] != NULL)
if (istrstr(new, cpp[j]) == NULL)
++j;
else {
free(cpp[j]);
if (--i == j)
break;
cpp[j] = cpp[i];
}
/*
** Add the new string.
*/
cpp = (char **) realloc((char *) cpp, (i + 2) * sizeof *cpp);
if (cpp == NULL)
return NULL;
cpp[i] = new;
cpp[i + 1] = NULL;
return cpp;
}

/*
** Given pointers to two strings,
** return a pointer to an allocated list of their distinct common substrings.
** Return NULL if something seems wild.
*/

static char **
comsubs(left, right)
char * left;
char * right;
{
register char ** cpp;
register char * lcp;
register char * rcp;
register int i, len;

if (left == NULL || right == NULL)
return NULL;
cpp = (char **) malloc(sizeof *cpp);
if (cpp == NULL)
return NULL;
cpp[0] = NULL;
for (lcp = left; *lcp != '\0'; ++lcp) {
len = 0;
rcp = index(right, *lcp);
while (rcp != NULL) {
for (i = 1; lcp[i] != '\0' && lcp[i] == rcp[i]; ++i)
;
if (i > len)
len = i;
rcp = index(rcp + 1, *lcp);
}
if (len == 0)
continue;
if ((cpp = enlist(cpp, lcp, len)) == NULL)
break;
}
return cpp;
}

static char **
addlists(old, new)
char ** old;
char ** new;
{
register int i;

if (old == NULL || new == NULL)
return NULL;
for (i = 0; new[i] != NULL; ++i) {
old = enlist(old, new[i], strlen(new[i]));
if (old == NULL)
break;
}
return old;
}

/*
** Given two lists of substrings,
** return a new list giving substrings common to both.
*/

static char **
inboth(left, right)
char ** left;
char ** right;
{
register char ** both;
register char ** temp;
register int lnum, rnum;

if (left == NULL || right == NULL)
return NULL;
both = (char **) malloc(sizeof *both);
if (both == NULL)
return NULL;
both[0] = NULL;
for (lnum = 0; left[lnum] != NULL; ++lnum) {
for (rnum = 0; right[rnum] != NULL; ++rnum) {
temp = comsubs(left[lnum], right[rnum]);
if (temp == NULL) {
freelist(both);
return NULL;
}
both = addlists(both, temp);
freelist(temp);
if (both == NULL)
return NULL;
}
}
return both;
}

typedef struct {
char ** in;
char * left;
char * right;
char * is;
} must;

static void
resetmust(mp)
register must * mp;
{
mp->left[0] = mp->right[0] = mp->is[0] = '\0';
freelist(mp->in);
}

static void
regmust(reg)
register struct regexp * reg;
{
register must * musts;
register must * mp;
register char * result;
register int ri;
register int i;
register _token t;
static must must0;

reg->mustn = 0;
reg->must[0] = '\0';
musts = (must *) malloc((reg->tindex + 1) * sizeof *musts);
if (musts == NULL)
return;
mp = musts;
for (i = 0; i <= reg->tindex; ++i)
mp[i] = must0;
for (i = 0; i <= reg->tindex; ++i) {
mp[i].in = (char **) malloc(sizeof *mp[i].in);
mp[i].left = malloc(2);
mp[i].right = malloc(2);
mp[i].is = malloc(2);
if (mp[i].in == NULL || mp[i].left == NULL ||
mp[i].right == NULL || mp[i].is == NULL)
goto done;
mp[i].left[0] = mp[i].right[0] = mp[i].is[0] = '\0';
mp[i].in[0] = NULL;
}
result = "";
#ifdef DEBUG
fprintf(stderr, "regmust:\n");
for (i = 0; i < reg->tindex; ++i) {
fprintf(stderr, " %d:", i);
prtok(reg->tokens[i]);
}
putc('\n', stderr);
#endif
for (ri = 0; ri < reg->tindex; ++ri) {
switch (t = reg->tokens[ri]) {
case _ALLBEGLINE:
case _ALLENDLINE:
case _LPAREN:
case _RPAREN:
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
case _EMPTY:
case _BEGLINE:
case _ENDLINE:
case _BEGWORD:
case _ENDWORD:
case _LIMWORD:
case _NOTLIMWORD:
case _BACKREF:
resetmust(mp);
break;
case _STAR:
case _QMARK:
if (mp <= musts)
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
--mp;
resetmust(mp);
break;
case _OR:
if (mp < &musts[2])
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
{
register char ** new;
register must * lmp;
register must * rmp;
register int j, ln, rn, n;

rmp = --mp;
lmp = --mp;
/* Guaranteed to be. Unlikely, but. . . */
if (strcmp(lmp->is, rmp->is) != 0)
lmp->is[0] = '\0';
/* Left side--easy */
i = 0;
while (lmp->left[i] != '\0' &&
lmp->left[i] == rmp->left[i])
++i;
lmp->left[i] = '\0';
/* Right side */
ln = strlen(lmp->right);
rn = strlen(rmp->right);
n = ln;
if (n > rn)
n = rn;
for (i = 0; i < n; ++i)
if (lmp->right[ln - i - 1] !=
rmp->right[rn - i - 1])
break;
for (j = 0; j < i; ++j)
lmp->right[j] =
lmp->right[(ln - i) + j];
lmp->right[j] = '\0';
new = inboth(lmp->in, rmp->in);
if (new == NULL)
goto done;
freelist(lmp->in);
free((char *) lmp->in);
lmp->in = new;
}
break;
case _PLUS:
if (mp <= musts)
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
--mp;
mp->is[0] = '\0';
break;
case _END:
if (mp != &musts[1])
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
for (i = 0; musts[0].in[i] != NULL; ++i)
if (strlen(musts[0].in[i]) > strlen(result))
result = musts[0].in[i];
goto done;
case _CAT:
if (mp < &musts[2])
goto done; /* "cannot happen" */
{
register must * lmp;
register must * rmp;

rmp = --mp;
lmp = --mp;
/*
** In. Everything in left, plus everything in
** right, plus catenation of
** left's right and right's left.
*/
lmp->in = addlists(lmp->in, rmp->in);
if (lmp->in == NULL)
goto done;
if (lmp->right[0] != '\0' &&
rmp->left[0] != '\0') {
register char * tp;

tp = icpyalloc(lmp->right);
if (tp == NULL)
goto done;
tp = icatalloc(tp, rmp->left);
if (tp == NULL)
goto done;
lmp->in = enlist(lmp->in, tp,
strlen(tp));
free(tp);
if (lmp->in == NULL)
goto done;
}
/* Left-hand */
if (lmp->is[0] != '\0') {
lmp->left = icatalloc(lmp->left,
rmp->left);
if (lmp->left == NULL)
goto done;
}
/* Right-hand */
if (rmp->is[0] == '\0')
lmp->right[0] = '\0';
lmp->right = icatalloc(lmp->right, rmp->right);
if (lmp->right == NULL)
goto done;
/* Guaranteed to be */
if (lmp->is[0] != '\0' && rmp->is[0] != '\0') {
lmp->is = icatalloc(lmp->is, rmp->is);
if (lmp->is == NULL)
goto done;
} else
lmp->is[0] = '\0';
}
break;
default:
if (t < _END) {
/* "cannot happen" */
goto done;
} else if (t == '\0') {
/* not on *my* shift */
goto done;
} else if (t >= _SET) {
/* easy enough */
resetmust(mp);
} else {
/* plain character */
resetmust(mp);
mp->is[0] = mp->left[0] = mp->right[0] = t;
mp->is[1] = mp->left[1] = mp->right[1] = '\0';
mp->in = enlist(mp->in, mp->is, 1);
if (mp->in == NULL)
goto done;
}
break;
}
#ifdef DEBUG
fprintf(stderr, " node: %d:", ri);
prtok(reg->tokens[ri]);
fprintf(stderr, "\n in:");
for (i = 0; mp->in[i]; ++i)
fprintf(stderr, " \"%s\"", mp->in[i]);
fprintf(stderr, "\n is: \"%s\"\n", mp->is);
fprintf(stderr, " left: \"%s\"\n", mp->left);
fprintf(stderr, " right: \"%s\"\n", mp->right);
#endif
++mp;
}
done:
(void) strncpy(reg->must, result, MUST_MAX - 1);
reg->must[MUST_MAX - 1] = '\0';
reg->mustn = strlen(reg->must);
mp = musts;
for (i = 0; i <= reg->tindex; ++i) {
freelist(mp[i].in);
ifree((char *) mp[i].in);
ifree(mp[i].left);
ifree(mp[i].right);
ifree(mp[i].is);
}
free((char *) mp);
}


  3 Responses to “Category : OS/2 Files
Archive   : GNUGREP.ZIP
Filename : DFA.C

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/