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Report on developments in the INTERNET -- January 1994.

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From [email protected] Ukn Jan 12 19:42:53 1994
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To: Internet-Research-Group:;@ISI.EDU
Cc: [email protected]
Subject: Internet Monthly Report - December 1993
Reply-To: [email protected]
Date: Wed, 12 Jan 94 12:07:03 PST
From: Ann Cooper
Status: RO

December 1993


The purpose of these reports is to communicate to the Internet Research
Group the accomplishments, milestones reached, or problems discovered by
the participating organizations.

This report is for Internet information purposes only, and is not
to be quoted in other publications without permission from the

Each organization is expected to submit a 1/2 page report on the first
business day of the month describing the previous month's activities.

These reports should be submitted via network mail to:

Ann Westine Cooper ([email protected])

NSF Regional reports - To obtain the procedure describing how to
submit information for the Internet Monthly Report, send an email
message to [email protected] and put "send imr-procedure" in
the body of the message (add only that one line; do not put a

Requests to be added or deleted from the Internet Monthly report list
should be sent to "[email protected]".

Details on obtaining the current IMR, or back issues, via FTP or
EMAIL may be obtained by sending an EMAIL message to "rfc-
[email protected]" with the message body "help: ways_to_get_imrs". For

To: [email protected]
Subject: getting imrs

help: ways_to_get_imrs

Cooper [Page 1]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


INTERNET ENGINEERING REPORTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3

Internet Projects

ANSNET/NSFNET BACKBONE ENGINEERING . . . . . . . . . . . page 8
ILAN - ISRAELI NETWORK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 14
INTERNIC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 14
ISI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 18
MERIT/MICHNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 23
MERIT/NSFNET INFORMATION SERVICES . . . . . . . . . . . . page 24
MRNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 26
NORTHWESTNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 27
SURFNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 28
UCL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 30
WISCNET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 31
USER SERVICES REPORT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 31

CALENDAR OF EVENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 49
Rare List of Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 51

Cooper [Page 2]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


IETF Monthly REPORT for December, 1993

1. The 28th meeting of the IETF, co-hosted by SESQUINET and Rice
University, was held in Houston, Texas from November 1-5, 1993.
The first meeting of the IETF in 1994 will be held in Seattle,
Washington from March 29 through April 1, 1994. This meeting is
being hosted by NorthWestNet.

Following the March 1994 meeting, it looks like the IETF will
be in Toronto in July, and in the San Francisco Bay Area in the
fall. Once the final arrangements have been made, notifications
will be sent to the IETF Announcement list. Remember that
information on future IETF meetings can be always be found in
the file 0mtg-sites.txt which is located on the IETF shadow

2. Fred Baker has accepted the Chairmanship of the IAB/IESG
Nomination Committee. This is the group that will search for
candidates and make nominations for half of the IAB and IESG
members. The new members are to take office following the IETF
meeting in Seattle.

3. The IESG approved or recommended the following 11 Protocol
Actions during the month of December, 1993:

o Multiprotocol Interconnect on X.25 and ISDN in the Packet
Mode is now a Draft Standard.

o Classical IP and ARP over ATM is now a Proposed Standard.

o PPP LCP Extensions is now a Proposed Standard.

o Extensions to the Generic-Interface MIB is reclassified as

o DECnet Phase IV MIB Extensions is now a Draft Standard.

o Network Services Monitoring MIB is now a Proposed Standard.

o Mail Monitoring MIB is now a Proposed Standard.

o X.500 Directory Monitoring MIB is now a Proposed Standard.

Cooper [Page 3]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

o Evolution of the Interfaces Group of MIB-II is now a Proposed

o FYI on Questions and Answers: Answers to Commonly Asked
"Primary and Secondary School Internet User" Questions be
published as an Informational RFC.

o Essential Tools for the OSI Internet be published as an
Informational RFC.

4. The IESG issued 9 Last Calls to the IETF during the month of
December, 1993:

o Multiprotocol Interconnect on X.25 and ISDN in the Packet
Mode being considered as a Draft Standard

o Extensions to the Generic-Interface MIB to be
reclassified as Historic.

o Network Services Monitoring MIB
being considered for
Proposed Standard.

o Mail Monitoring MIB being
considered for Proposed Standard.

o X.500 Directory Monitoring MIB
being considered for Proposed Standard.

o Extensions to RIP to Support Demand Circuits
being considered for Proposed

o Protocol Analysis for Extensions to RIP to Support Demand
Circuits being considered as
an Informational Document.

o PPP LCP Extensions being
considered for Proposed Standard.

o Evolution of the Interfaces Group of MIB-II
being considered for Proposed

Cooper [Page 4]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

5. One Working Group was created during this period:

RSVP - Resource Reservation Setup Protocol (rsvp)

And one Working Group was concluded:

DECnet Phase IV MIB (decnetiv)

6. A total of 34 Internet-Draft actions were taken during the month
of December, 1993:

(Revised draft (o), New Draft (+) )

(bgp) o A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)

(atommib) o Definitions of Managed Objects for the SONET/SDH
Interface Type
(bgp) o Definitions of Managed Objects for the Border
Gateway Protocol (Version 4)

(bgp) o BGP4/IDRP for IP---OSPF Interaction

(none) o IP and ARP on Fibre Channel (FC)

(none) o Extensions to RIP to Support Demand Circuits

(none) o DNS NSAP Resource Records

(x400ops) o Using the Internet DNS to distribute RFC1327
Address Mapping Tables

(avt) o Packetization of H.261 video streams

(sip) o SIPP Program Interfaces for BSD Systems

(sip) o SIPP Neighbor Discovery

(frnetmib) o Definitions of Managed Objects for Frame Relay
(madman) o Network Services Monitoring MIB

(ifmib) o Evolution of the Interfaces Group of MIB-II

(atm) o Classical IP and ARP over ATM

(madman) o Mail Monitoring MIB

Cooper [Page 5]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

(madman) o X.500 Directory Monitoring MIB

(none) o Protocol Analysis for Extensions to RIP to Support
Demand Circuits
(upsmib) o UPS Management Information Base

(snanau) o Definitions of Managed Objects for SNA NAUs

(atommib) o Definitions of Managed Objects for ATM Management
Version 4.0
(none) o Selecting an Indirect Provider

(pppext) o The PPP NetBIOS Frames Control Protocol (NBFCP)

(dns) o Incremental Transfer and Fast Convergence in DNS

(pppext) o The PPP Compression Control Protocol (CCP)

(osinsap) o Guidelines for OSI NSAP Allocation in the Internet

(imm) + Network Access to Multimedia Information

(ripv2) + RIP Version 2 Protocol Analysis

(pppext) + PPP Predictor Compression Protocol

(none) + MIME Application/EDI-X12: A Working Draft Proposal

(none) + Language tags for MIME content portions

(none) + Simple Object Look-up protocol (SOLO)

(tpix) + Common Architecture Technology for Next-generation
Internet Protocol

(none) + Post Office Protocol - Version 3

7. There were 16 RFC's published during the month of December,

RFC St WG Title
------- -- -------- -------------------------------------
RFC1547 I (pppext) Requirements for an Internet Standard
Point-to-Point Protocol
RFC1548 DS (pppext) The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
RFC1549 DS (pppext) PPP in HDLC Framing

Cooper [Page 6]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

RFC1550 I (none) IP: Next Generation (IPng) White Paper
RFC1551 I (none) Novell IPX Over Various WAN Media
RFC1552 PS (pppext) The PPP Internetwork Packet Exchange
Control Protocol (IPXCP)
RFC1553 PS (pppext) Compressing IPX Headers Over WAN Media
RFC1554 I (none) ISO-2022-JP-2: Multilingual Extension of
RFC1555 I (none) Hebrew Character Encoding for Internet
RFC1556 I (none) Handling of Bi-directional Texts in MIME
RFC1557 I (none) Korean Character Encoding for Internet
RFC1558 I (none) A String Representation of LDAP Search
RFC1559 DS (decnetiv) DECnet Phase IV MIB Extensions
RFC1560 I (iab) The MultiProtocol Internet
RFC1561 E (tuba) Use of ISO CLNP in TUBA Environments
RFC1562 I (none) Naming Guidelines for the AARNet X.500
Directory Service

St(atus): ( S) Internet Standard
(PS) Proposed Standard
(DS) Draft Standard
( E) Experimental
( I) Informational

Steve Coya ([email protected])

Cooper [Page 7]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993



Network Status Summary

During December '93, the ANSnet Phase-5 T3 network upgrade was
completed. The first production gated systems (including the BGP4
protocol) were installed on the RS/6000 based routers that support
the T1 trans-atlantic link (CERN - MAE-East). An extended fiber
outage occurred in Michigan on December 3rd due to a fiber cut.

December Backbone Traffic and Routing Statistics

The total inbound packet count for the T3 network (measured using
SNMP interface counters) was 46,029,222,164 on T3 ENSS interfaces,
up 3.0% from November. The total packet count into the network
including all ENSS serial interfaces was 52,282,909,913 down 1.1%
from November. The maximum number of destinations announced to the
T3 network during December was 14,802, up 6.6% from November. The
number of network destinations configured for announcement to the
T3 network but were never announced (silent nets) during November
was 4,978.

T3 Network Upgrade Progress/Status

On December 18th, we successfully completed the Phase 5 ANSNet
deployment. The major changes accomplished in this upgrade were:

o Upgrade of all DS3/HSSI router serial interface adapters (T3
CNSS and ENSS) to support full DS3 bandwidth. The router
adapter bus interface cards were also upgraded to double the
packet switching rates per interface.

o The T3 DSUs on each DS3 interface were replaced with T3Plus
BMX45 bandwidth managers on T3 CNSS-CNSS circuits and
Larscom Access-T45 DSUs on a T3 ENSS-CNSS circuit.

o The architecture for interconnection among CNSS routers at
each MCI POP location was upgraded to a common FDDI ring
from the original point-to-point links architecture.

Cooper [Page 8]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

As a result of this upgrade, we now have 17 backbone links and 21
customer attachments running at full T3:

Seattle - Denver Backbone Link
Seattle - San Francisco Backbone Link
San Francisco - Chicago Backbone Link
San Francisco - Los Angeles Backbone Link
Los-Angeles - Albuquerque Backbone Link
Albuquerque - Houston Backbone Link
Houston - Atlanta Backbone Link
Atlanta - Greensboro Backbone Link
Wash DC - Greensboro Backbone Link
New York - Wash DC Backbone Link
Houston - St. Louis Backbone Link
Denver - St. Louis Backbone Link
St. Louis - Chicago Backbone Link
Chicago - Cleveland Backbone Link
Cleveland - New York Backbone Link
Hartford - Cleveland Backbone Link
New York - Hartford Backbone Link
ENSS128 at Palo Alto (BARRnet, Stanford University)
ENSS129 at Champaign (UIUC, CICnet)
ENSS130 at Argonne (Argonne National Lab, CICNet)
ENSS131 at Ann Arbor (ANS AA, Michnet, CICnet, etc.)
ENSS132 at Pittsburgh (PSCnet, PREPnet, CMU, etc.).
ENSS133 at Ithaca (PSI, Cornell)
ENSS134 at Cambridge (NEARnet, Alternet, MIT)
ENSS135 at San Diego (CERFnet, SDSC, etc.)
ENSS136 at College Park (SURAnet, Alternet, MAE-East, UM)
ENSS137 at Princeton (Princeton University, JVNCnet)
ENSS138 at Atlanta (Georgia Tech, SURAnet)
ENSS139 at Houston (Sesquinet, Rice University)
ENSS140 at Lincoln (MIDnet, Westnet, etc.)
ENSS141 at Boulder (Westnet, NCAR, U of Colorado, etc.)
ENSS142 at Salt Lake City (WestNet, U of Utah, etc.)
ENSS143 at Seattle (NorthWestNet, U of Washington, etc.)
ENSS144 at Moffett Field (FIX-West)
ENSS145 at College Park (FIX-East)
ENSS146 at Arlington (ARPA)
ENSS172 at Albuquerque (Phillips Laboratory)
ENSS179 at Albuquerque (Sandia National Labs)

Rcp_routed Routing Software Changes

Toward the end of November rcp_routed began experiencing problems
where system paging slowed down rcp_routed causing it to allocate
memory to defer work, which in turn causes more paging. Several

Cooper [Page 9]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

new rcp_routed versions were deployed on ENSS136 to reduce the
memory requirements. Problems on ENSS136 have been eliminated by
adding more memory and rcp_routed changes to avoid triggering the
condition. Release notes are available for anonymous ftp at:

Routing Stability Measured on the T3 Network

Internal routing stability measurements are made by monitoring
short term disconnect times (disconnects of five minutes duration
or less). This is intended as a measure of stability rather than
complete connectivity. December stability dropped to levels
observed in July and August due to problems with rcp_routed, and
phase-5 scheduled outages.

MONTH overall excluding configs
------ ------- -----------------
January 99.1% 99.5%
February 99.0% 99.5%
March 97.5% 99.1%
April 96.1% 97.2%
May 97.4% 98.0%
June 95.5% 96.6%
July 97.3% 97.7%
August 97.5% 97.9%
September 98.1% 98.5%
October 98.0% 98.3%
November 97.2% N/A
December 96.6% N/A

Due primarily to paging problems, few nodes experienced less than
30 minutes of instability for the month. Significant perturbations
such as the phase 5 activity on Dec 4, Dec 11, and Dec 18 caused
paging elsewhere and secondary instability. On a few occasions
core circuit link state changes triggered problems. ENSS136 was the
most affected node, though also affected were ENSS135, CNSS11,
CNSS65, ENSS139, ENSS131, and to a lesser extent others. There were
also the usual site power problems. The breakdown by sites is as
follows (these figures include instabilities recorded during
configuration runs):

Cooper [Page 10]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

MONTH >5 hr >2 hr > 1hr >30 min >15 min <= 15min
<98.7% <99.7% <99.87% <99.93% <99.97% >=99.97%

January 0 0 1 8 19 55
February 0 0 1 24 19 41
March 0 4 18 23 23 22
April 2 2 3 13 12 57
May 0 4 33 32 15 5
June 3 21 35 18 12 3
July 0 12 28 44 6 1
August 1 5 28 21 17 15
September 1 38 25 10 4 13
October 0 3 3 10 25 50
November 1 2 15 25 24 26
December 0 8 24 46 9 3

There has been steady increase in the external route flap over the
course of the year. The measurement method is described in:

The number of times networks are announced as unreachable is
collected. The following represents the monthly totals in terms of
number of networks declared unreachable per hour.

January 844 May 1134 September 2395
February 876 June 1560 October 2272
March 1104 July 1815 November 2321
April 1038 August 1874 December 2008

Plots of the internal routing stability, external peer session
stability and external route flap are available as the files:

A slight reduction in the external route flap in December, and a
clear reduction in the size of route flap peaks is believed to be
at least partly due to limited fixed timer based route dampening at
the ENSSs. The data itself is collected at a CNSS and so reflects
the flap after dampening by the ENSS and reflects the load
redistributed to AS 690 peers taking full routing.

External peer stability data in December was dominated by the RIPE
RS peer. This peer is experimental and does not introduce any
routes to AS 690. It is a gated peer and has a configuration that

Cooper [Page 11]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

has now grown in terms of route restrictions to the point where
gated is unable to remain stable in the presence of route flap.
Changes to gated to address this are expected to be deployed soon.
This peer and the ANS experimental gated peers will be removed from
the raw data in future reports.

Gated BGP4/CIDR Deployment Update

ANS has been working to meet the proposed BGP4 deployment schedule.
We have participated on the BGP4 testbed, and in early December we
deployed gated with BGP4 on the production AS1133 routers
(DANTE/ANS service between CERN and MAE-East). We continue to test
gated with SLSP (AS690 IGP) support on the NSFNET/ANSnet testbed.

We have had some problems with the Gated SLSP IGP protocol code due
to performance enhancements that were made in the Gated base code
that has been successfully deployed on the AS1133 routers. Since
overall network stability is the major goal, we have not yet begun
deployment of Gated on the AS690 routers. This version of Gated is
designed to interoperate with the rcp_routed software (the IGP and
internal BGP). The SLSP support in Gated allows us to deploy Gated
without an IGP "flag day" on AS690 routers.

We expect to get Gated fully deployed on ANSNET/NSFNET routers in
time for a CIDR transition (class-based routes stop getting
announced) in mid-February. We are exploring two contingency plan
options to provide continued full connectivity in the event that
other backbones cease announcing class-based routes via BGP4 and
announce only the aggregates. The first option is to have the
AS690 routers point default to our AS1133 router at MAE-East, which
supports BGP4 now. Since Rcp_routed (current AS690 routing
software) has never supported default, this is being added and
tested, and should be ready in time. The second contingency plan
option we are exploring is to establish BGP4 peering sessions
between AS 1133 and other BGP4 capable systems at MAE-East. AS 1133
could accept aggregate announcements from its BGP4 peers and be
configured to announce the class-based routes within the aggregates
to AS 690. Either of these contingency options could serve as an
interim step while AS 690 completes deployment of gated.

We hope that it will be unnecessary to resort to any contingency
plan, but realize that some ASs are faced with overwhelming loads
on their routers and that those AS may have to begin to only
announce aggregates rather than the dual announcements of
aggregates and class-based routes by the mid-February timeframe.

Cooper [Page 12]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Notable Outages in December '93

E131 (Ann Arbor) suffered an extended outage due to fiber cut
on 12/03 (see details below).

E257 (Creative Cybernetics) suffered an extended power outage
on 12/04

E129 (Champaign), E140 (Lincoln) and E138 (Lincoln)
underwent Phase V upgrade on 12/04

E131 (Ann Arbor), E132 (Pittsburgh), E137 (Princeton)
underwent Phase V upgrade on 12/11

E133 (Ithaca), E134 (Boston), E136 (College Park), E145

E146 (ARPA) underwent Phase V upgrade on 12/18

E257 (Creative Cybernetics) suffered extended downtime due to
circuit maintenance on 12/22

E179 (Sandia Labs) suffered extended downtime for
maintenance on 12/27

Michigan Fiber Cut (12/3):

A fiber cut occurred in Michigan on 12/03 fiber due to a
contractor backhoe. This affected 87 MCI DS3's. The outage
lasted from 11:45 to 17:25 EST for a total of 5 hours and 40
minutes downtime. While the Network Operations Center in
Ann Arbor was isolated from the national network, network
monitoring continued from the ANS backup NOC in Elmsford.
There was some blockage of calls to the 1-800 number due to
reduced capacity into the Michigan area.

To avoid future outages of a similar nature, MCI has
implemented a T1 restoration capability that will be
coincident with their signalling restoration process.
Presently this requires manual intervention, but should only
take a few minutes to implement. A full automated
restoration capability will be in-place by mid July 1994.

Jordan Becker, ANS ([email protected])

Cooper [Page 13]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


ILAN is currently in the final acceptance stages of a 256kb
satellite line to PSI to replace our existing 128kb. We still
maintain a 64kb fiber line to Europe.

On a national scale, ILAN has outgrown its 128kb leased line
backbone and has signed an agreement with the national PTT to be
the first customer to use its MAN service. The seven university
backbone will run on 10Mb/sec Ethernet speeds via the MAN service
(the only service offered by our PTT - no SMDS yet).

The first two sites are expected to be operational in February
1994, with one site following every month thereafter.

Hank Nussbacher



Contact Information:

Reference Desk Information
Toll-free hotline +1 800 444-4345
email [email protected]
Fax +1 619 455-4640

InterNIC Suggestions or Complaints
Suggestions [email protected]
Complaints [email protected]

NSF Network News
newsletter subscriptions [email protected]
newsletter comments [email protected]

Seminar Series
[email protected]

Listserv lists
net-happenings [email protected]
net-resources [email protected]
nics [email protected]

Cooper [Page 14]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Host Name
Host Address

Postal address
InterNIC Information Services
General Atomics
P.O. BOX 85608
San Diego, CA 92186-9784


The InterNIC Seminar Series

InterNIC Information Services announces the availability of a
series of seminars covering a range of topics for beginning,
intermediate, and advanced Internet users. Below is the present
list of seminars:

1. Welcome to the Global Village: An Introduction to the Internet

2. Using Network Tools Effectively

3. Building an Electronic Network Information Center

4. Internet Naming and Directory Services

5. Hello Internet: Tools for the Classroom

6. Making and Managing Global Learning Projects

For more information on the Seminar Series, email to
[email protected] or call our hotline at 800-444-4345. More
information, including full class descriptions and the Calendar,
will be made available in the InfoSource at the addresses above.

NSF Network News

An integral and popular part of the _NSF Network News_ is the 6-
page fold-out map of U.S. Internet Connectivity sites. In the past,
regional and midlevel networks contributed statistics on the
number and identity of its connections and customers, as well as
the number of dialup customers for inclusion in the Map. In order
to update the Map for future issues of the _NSF Network News_,
updated statistics are needed from all network NICs. Networks which
have contributed to past versions of the Map are:

Cooper [Page 15]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Los Nettos
NSFNET Backbone Sites

Please contact the Publications Department of Information Services
at +1 619 455-3941, +1 619 455-3934 or newsletter-
[email protected] for more information on updating or adding
your listing to the Internet Connectivity Map.

Reference Desk
-------------- The following table gives a summary of the Reference
Desk contacts for December. The Reference Desk remained in
operation, with reduced hours, from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.,
December 27-31.

Cooper [Page 16]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Method Contacts % of Total
------- -------- ---------
Email 406 14.5
Phone 2164 77.3
Fax 209 7.5
US Mail 10 <1
Other 7 <1
------- -------- ---------
Total 2796 100

by Karen D. Frazer


InterNIC Directory and Database Services recently redesigned our
guest user login to make the menu match our Gopher menu more
closely. To try out this interface, telnet to our server
( and log in as "guest" or "newuser". No password
is required.

Once you have logged in, a menu will be presented. You can choose
the item you want by entering its number. You should choose item 1
(User Tutorial) if you haven't used this interface before.

The guest login allows telnet users to do WAIS searches of our
Directory of Directories, search for Internet documents (RFCs,
etc.) by name (e.g. "rfc1234") or by content (using WAIS), search
for individuals (using X.500, WHOIS, or Netfind), and search for
specific files using archie. You can also access a telnet-based
Gopher client and use it to browse through the InterNIC Gopher.

We are interested in comments on the interface and on our services;
when you leave the guest login you will be asked if you would like
to leave a comment. If you would like a reply, please include your
email address as part of your comment.

A reminder - if you would like to help the Internet community find
a resource that you offer, send mail to [email protected] and
we will send information about listing your resource in the
Directory of Directories.

by Rick Huber

Cooper [Page 17]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


Significant Events

InterNIC Registration Services operated as usual in the month of
December. Even with the holidays our workload and the amount of
users accessing remained very high. We still
received over 3,058 email messages to [email protected] and
registered over 1,143 domains during the month of December.

Registration Statistics for December
Hostmaster Email 3,058
Postal/Fax Applications 233
Telephone Calls 1,258
Domain Registered 1,143
Inverse Addresses 479
Class C's Assigned 7,700
Class B's Assigned 43
ASN Assigned 217

Connections Retrievals
Gopher Sessions 48,319 17,535
Wais Sessions 19,443 35,093
Ftp Sessions 6,274 27,319
Telnet Sessions 44,783
Mail Server 1,025

by John Zalubski ([email protected])




Deborah Estrin invited speaker at the ARPA review of T II meeting
in Washington, DC, December 14-15. Walt Prue attended a CISCO
seminar at the LAX Airport Hotel, December 7, 1993. Joe Touch
attended the Infocom '94 committee meeting in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania December 7-8, 1993.

16 RFCs were published this month.

RFC 1547: D. Perkins, "Requirements for an Internet Standard
Point-to-Point Protocol", Carnegie Mellon University,
December 1993.

Cooper [Page 18]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

RFC 1548: Simpson, W., "The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)",
Daydreamer, December 1993.

RFC 1549: Simpson, W., (Editor) "PPP in HDLC Framing"
Daydreamer, December 1993.

RFC 1550: Bradner, S., (Harvard Univ), A. Mankin (NRL),
"IP: Next Generation (IPng) White Paper Solicitation"

RFC 1551: Allen, M., "Novell IPX Over Various WAN Media
(IPXWAN)" Novell, Inc., December 1993.

RFC 1552: Simpson, W., "The PPP Internetwork Packet Exchange
Control Protocol (IPXCP)" Daydreamer, December 1993.

RFC 1553: Mathur, S., "Compressing IPX Headers Over WAN Media
(CIPX) Telebit Corporation, December 1993.

RFC 1554: Ohta, M., Tokyo Institute of Technology, K. Handa,
"ISO-2022-JP-2: Multilingual Extension of
ISO-2022-JP", December 1993.

RFC 1555: Nussbacher, H., Israeli Inter-University, Y. Bourvine,
(Hebrew University), "Hebrew Character Encoding for
Internet Messages", December 1993.

RFC 1556: Nussbacher, H., Israeli Inter-University, "Handling
of Bi-directional Texts in MIME", December 1993.

RFC 1557: Choi, U., K. Chon, (Kaist), H. Park, (Solvit Chosun
Media ) "Korean Character Encoding for Internet
Messages", December 1993.

RFC 1558: Howes, T., "A String Representation of LDAP Search
Filters" University of Michigan, December 1993.

RFC 1559: Saperia, J., "DECnet Phase IV MIB Extensions" Digital
Equipment Corporation, December 1993.

RFC 1560: Leiner, B. (USRA), Y. Rekhter (IBM), "The Multi-
Protocol Internet", December 1993.

RFC 1561: Piscitello, D. "Use of ISO CLNP in TUBA Environments"
Core Competence, December 1993.

RFC 1562: Michaelson, G., (Univ. of Queensland), M. Prior,
(Univ. of Adelaide), "Naming Guidelines for the
AARNet X.500 Directory Service", December 1993.

Cooper [Page 19]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


Total Contacts 352

Total 352

OTHER US DOMAIN MESSAGES INCLUDE: modifications, application
requests, discussion and clarification of the requests, questions
about names, referrals to other subdomains or to/from the InterNic,
resolving technical problems with zone files and name servers, and
whois listings.

Third Level US Domain Delegations this month

K12.AL.US Alabama K12 Schools
CC.CA.US California Community Colleges (reassigned)
STATE.CA.US California State Government
GEN.ID.US General branch of US Domain
K12.ID.US Idaho K12 Schools
LIB.ID.US Idaho Libraries
STATE.ID.US Idaho State Gov't Agencies
K12.IN.US Indiana K12 Schools (re-assigned)
STATE.MI.US Michigan State Departments
CC.NE.US Nebraska Community Colleges
TEC.NY.US New York Technical Schools
INDEPENDENCE.OH.US Locality of Independence, Ohio
NORTH-OLMSTEAD.OH.US Locality of North Olmstead, Ohio
EAC.CC.AZ.US Eastern Arizona College
SACCW.CC.AR.US South Arkansas Community College
TDEC.STATE.TN.US Tennessee Dept. Environ. and Conserv.
CO.RAMSEY.ND.US Ramsey County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.STUTSMAN.ND.US Stutsman County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.BURLEIGH.ND.US Burleigh County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.RANSOM.ND.US Ransom County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.McCLEAN.ND.US McClean County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.MORTON.ND.US Morton County, ND, Gov't Agencies
CO.MERCER.ND.US Mercer County, ND, Gov't Agencies

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993




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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


For more information about the US Domain please request an
application via the RFC-INFO service. Send a message to RFC-
[email protected] with the contents "Help: us_domain_application". For

To: [email protected]
Subject: US Domain Application

help: us_domain_application

Ann Westine Cooper ([email protected])


The mmcc session orchestration tool was first released in October
to run on Sun Sparcs. It allows a caller to explictly invite
others to participate in a point-to-point or multipoint
teleconference, and alerts them to accept or decline. It
automatically spawns underlying audio, video and groupware programs
among members of a session, then tears them down at session

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Mmcc has now been ported run on SGIs running IRIX, HPs running
HPUX, IBM PCs running Mach3.0, Dec 5000's running Ultrix V4.3, and
Dec Alphas running OSF. The release software will be available
from, as files


The ports have been tested more thoroughly on some configurations
than others. Feedback would be welcomed.

Steve Casner, Joe Touch, Eve Schooler
([email protected], [email protected], [email protected])


Whirlpool Corporation of Benton Harbor, Albion College, and Grand
Rapids Baptist College and Seminary became new MichNet affiliates
during the month of December. Whirlpool will initially have a
9.6Kbps direct dial-up line through Andrews University. The Albion
College proposal to the National Science Foundation for Connections
grant funding was approved, and work on a 56Kbps link to the
MichNet backbone has begun. Grand Rapids Baptist College, an
institution of Christian higher education serving over 1,000
students from more than 20 states and eight countries, will also
have a 56Kbps link to MichNet. Activity to upgrade MichNet links
from 56Kbps to T1 at both the University of Michigan's Dearborn
campus and Eastern Michigan University is also underway.

Michigan's Governor John Engler has signed Executive Orders
entitled "Michigan Council on Telecommunications Services for
Public Education," which address the need for educational
telecommunications projects that will promote the development of
integrated educational telecommunications networks, distance
learning, video conferencing and data networks, and make such
distance learning technologies available to Michigan students,
educators, governmental agencies, health providers, and businesses.

The funding for this state-wide distance learning initiative totals
$23,230,000, plus interest, and resulted from a Michigan Public
Service Commission order that Michigan Bell Telephone Company
either refund $10.5 million of its ratepayers' shareable earnings
plus interest, or match that sum with a voluntary contribution of
$10.5 million and the sum total would be used to fund educational
telecommunications projects. The Commission found that such a
settlement agreement was in the public interest, and will provide
significant funds for such educational telecommunications projects.

Cooper [Page 23]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Dana Sitzler, coordinator of MichNet's K-12 Outreach projects, gave
a hands-on demonstration of Internet tools and resources at the
Michigan Education Association December conference in Dearborn.

Jo Ann Ward ([email protected])


In December, the National Science Foundation requested that traffic
from the countries of the former Soviet Union satisfying the NSFNET
Backbone Acceptable Use Policy guidelines be routed by the NSFNET
Backbone Service. Traffic from the countries of the Russian
Federation, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine is now carried on the NSFNET.

Foreign networks now number 9,042 of a total 21,430 networks
announced to the NSFNET backbone. Growth as the number of domestic
and foreign networks having announcement to the NSFNET
infrastructures, as well as network distribution by country over
the term of the NSFNET project, are available as


respectively on

The resources of are available through Anonymous FTP,
electronic mail query and a Gopher client connecting to the Merit
Network Gopher server on, port 70.

New information available on includes

Announcement of the Information Infrastructure Task Force
Gopher/Bulletin Board, available as /nren/iitf.bbs

Table of Contents for the Information Infrastructure Sourcebook,
Version 2.0 (December, 1993), edited by Brian Kahin. Available as

Announcement of the Council on Competitiveness report, Competition
Policy: Unlocking the National Information Infrastructure.
Available as /nren/nii.1994/competition

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Information Sources: the Internet and Computer-Mediated
Communication, Release 3.15 by John December. An updated list of
pointers to information describing the Internet, computer networks,
and issues related to computer-mediated communication (CMC).
Available as /introducing.the.internet/information.sources

Internet Tools Summary, Release 1.35 by John December. A list of
tools available on the Internet that are used for network
information retrieval (NIR), Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC),
or other services. Available as

Merit will present another in its series of Networking Seminars
January 27-28, 1994, in Orlando, Florida. "Making Your Internet
Connection Count: Technology, Tools and Resources" will be held at
the Walt Disney World Yacht Club Resort.

Scheduled topics and speakers include "Moving Toward the
Information Superhighway," the keynote address by Robert Heterick,
President, EDUCOM; "Navigating the Internet: Network Tools," Alan
Emtage, VP Bunyip; "Information Delivery on the Internet: What's
Next for Gopher," Mark McCahill, Gopher Developer at the University
of Minnesota; "University of Michigan Weather Underground," Perry
Samson, Professor Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space
Sciences, University of Michigan; "Electronic Democracy," Jean
Armour Polly, Manager of Network Development and User Training
NYSERNet, Inc.; "NSFNET and the NII," Priscilla Huston, NSFNET
Project Director, NSF; "The New Networking Infrastructure for
Education Program," Art St. George, Program Director, Applications
of Advanced Technologies, NSF; "Disney's Applications of Advanced
Technology," Lou Kompare, Director of Telecommunications and
Technology, Walt Disney World Attractions; and "Networking and
Visualization: Roadblocks and Solutions," by Donna Cox, Director of
Numerical Lab Programs, NCSA.

Internet connectivity will be available in a hands-on demonstration
room, where seminar attendees can access the many resources on the
Internet using the latest information delivery tools.

The registration fee is $595. This fee includes the two-day
seminar, all seminar materials, receptions on Wednesday and
Thursday evenings, lunches on Thursday and Friday, refreshments and
access to Internet-connected computers.

For more information, send an e-mail message to
[email protected]
with the text
send next.seminar

Cooper [Page 25]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

This information is also available as the document
/nsfnet/next.seminar on for retrieval using Anonymous
FTP or in the Gopher server on, port 70, as Next
Merit/NSFNET Seminar--Jan. '94.

Jo Ann Ward ([email protected])


We are pleased to announce the following staff additions to the
Minnesota regional network for the expansion of client services and
engineering operations:

Ms. Margo Berg, Director of Client Services for Education
Ms. Marti Palmer, Director of Client Services for Business &
Mr. Chris Elmquist, Network Engineer
Mr. Gregg Brekke, Network Engineer

New hub sites have been established in:

Moorhead, MN
Mankato, MN
St. Cloud, MN

Recent new member attachments include:

The Northern Lights Library Network
Lamb, Inc.
Minnesota Center for Arts Education
William Mitchell College of Law
Exchange Data & Decision Systems

Total attached membership is 63 organizations.

Contact: [email protected] for any further information.

Dennis Fazio, Executive Director
Minnesota Regional Network
Minneapolis, MN
(612) 342-2570

by Dennis Fazio

Cooper [Page 26]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


Dr. Eric Hood attended the first National Advisory Council meeting
for the Teachers' Enhancement Network in Bozeman, Montana on
December 2 and 3. This NSF-sponsored program will develop and
offer continuing education opportunities to primary and secondary
science and math teachers.

Washington State Representative Bill Finkbeiner spent several
sessions with NorthWestNet staff learning about the Internet, its
services, and applications. Rep. Finkbeiner gladly interacts via
e-mail with his constituents through his Internet account.

NorthWestNet welcomes PacNet, Inc., of Mercer Island, Washington,
as a new Member Vendor Partner.

The NorthWestNet User Services Committee has elected a new
committee chair. Keiko Pitter, Director of Academic Computing at
Willamette University in Salem, Oregon will serve as chair
throughout 1994.

The User Services Committee also began the first of a series of
targeted-topic teleconference meetings. The first in this series
was held on December 16. Twelve committee representatives
participated in the discussion topic, "Exploring Connections
Between Libraries and Computing Services Groups."

NorthWestNet E-mail: [email protected]
15400 SE 30th Place, Suite 202 Phone: (206) 562-3000
Bellevue, WA 98007 Fax: (206) 562-4822

Dr. Eric S. Hood, Executive Director
Jan Eveleth, Director of User Services
Dan L. Jordt, Director of Technical Services
Anthony Naughtin, Director of Member Relations

NorthWestNet serves the six state region of Alaska, Idaho, Montana,
North Dakota, Oregon, and Washington.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


Amsterdam, Netherlands
3 January 1994


In the Netherlands on the 15th of January 1994 a new city will be
born, a digital city. This digital city can be visited by compu-
ter and modem, and is connected to the worldwide computernetwork
called Internet.

The Digital City is an initiative of Cultural Center The Balie and
Hacktic Netwerk and is supported by the city of Amsterdam. The aim
of the Digital City is to investigate the possible contribution of
(data)communication to debates about the future of the city. The
project runs from the 15th of January 1994 till the end of March
and covers the period, in which local elections will be held in

The Digital City can be reached on phone number +31-20-6225222 (by
modem); access is free, apart from the normal telephone costs.
Internet address: telnet

Public terminals

Visitors can call in by their own computer, but there will also be
a few public terminals in Amsterdam, from where you can reach the
Digital City. These terminals will be placed in the city hall, the
public library, the Amsterdam Medical Centre, De Balie, the
Stedelijk Museum and other locations.


The Digital City explores a new territory for the Netherlands,
while at the same time it is using the knowledge and experience
which have been gathered in the United States during the past ten
years. At the present moment there are some 15 million users of the
Internet, among which most Dutch universities. The Digital City is
constructed along the lines of the so-called 'Freenet- systems'
that exist in the U.S. These are free information servi- ces, which
give citizens access to various networkfacilities.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

The Amsterdam city hall 'on line'

The Amsterdam city hall will be part of the network. Administra-
tive information of the city council will be accessible in the
Digital City. Various members of the city council and other
political representatives will participate in the discussions which
will take place in the Digital City. In the Digital City all
parties will have their own offices, from where they can distribute
their election programmes, positions on current issues and other
information in digital form.

Participation in electronic discussions

In the Digital City the visitor can also join discussion groups,
apart from looking through digital archives. Discussions will be
held about Schiphol (the Amsterdam airport), cultural issues,
building and breaking in the city, the elections, income poli-
tics, etc.

Exploring the Internet

Visitors can explore the Internet. Whether you are interested in
libraries in Japan or in Finland, or in paying a visit to the White
House, or in the latest NASA-information: you just have to hit a
few keys on your computer and you can travel around the world.

Visitors can become builders

The Digital City offers organisations and individuals the oppor-
tunity to develop new territories. The citizens can react, bring in
new ideas and propose changes. The Digital City will partly be
built in cooperation with its residents and visitors.

Information brochure

In the second week of January 1994 an extensive information
brochure will appear. Apart from that there will be a Dutch manual
for the Digital City and a 'helpdesk' where you can ask questions
during the project.

Other activities / Smart TV

Various activities will take place in the orbit of the project.
Smart TV will broadcast four programmes on the local television
channel of Salto (on the 15th of January, the 5th and the 26th of
February and the 26th of March 1994), which will deal with the
developments surrounding the new information technologies. On the
26th of March 1994 a symposium will be held in De Balie.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


The Digital City was made possible by (among others) the city of
Amsterdam, the NLnet Foundation, Tornado Modems and Dataman.

Technical data

The Digital City will be run at Hacktic Netwerk on a Solair 10/30
with 4.8 GB of diskvolume. 12 Tornado HighSpeed modems are
connected to it through a terminalserver. The Solair is running
Solaris 1.1 Unix with FreeNet software on it. A Gopher-client is
used for the connection with the Internet, which is made possible
by the NLnet Foundation. The modems are lent out for the period of
the project by Tornado.

Persons to contact

For additional information you can contact: Marleen Stikker:
[email protected] Rop Gonggrijp: [email protected] Felipe Rodriquez:
[email protected]


The Digital City c/o De Balie Kleine-Gartmanplantsoen 10 NL 1017 RR
Amsterdam Phone: +31-20-6233673 Fax: +31-20-6384489

Erik Huizer


The end of MICE 1 project demonstration featured multisite,
multiprotocol, multimedia conferencing across a large portion of
Europe with some input from the US (thanks to LBL). Although
international bandwidth is still insuffiient for really good
quality conferences, the feasiability was shown clearly enough, and
the plans for 34Mbps and better IP and ATM connectivity will be
boosted by such demonstrations.

A simple tool for monitoring mbone quality for continuous media
traffic was made available to the Internet community for trials.
Further tools are very near completion and will be released early
in the new year.

John Crowcroft ([email protected])

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


WiscNet welcomes twelve new members in January 1994. With help
from a National Science Foundation Connections Program grant, the
following sites joined the net...

Cardinal Stritch College
Concordia University
Mount Senario College
Northland College
Viterbo College
Wisconsin Board, Technical Colleges
Chippewa Valley Technical College
Madison Area Technical College
Moraine Park Technical College
Waukesha County Technical College
Western Wisconsin Technical College

Carthage College also joined in January.

Michael Dorl (608) 262-0466 fax (608) 262-4679
[email protected] MACC / University of Wisconsin - Madison
[email protected] 1210 W. Dayton St. / Madison, WI 53706


Trip Report
EARN's Network Services Conference
and the RARE WG3 Meetings
Warsaw, Poland, October 1993
Joyce K. Reynolds
USC/Information Sciences Institute

1. EARN's Network Services Conference

1.1 User Support Session 1

1.1.1 David Hartland, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
"Sowing the Networking Seed: The Gardener's Experience"

The networking world is continuing to grow at a fast rate and
there are still a large number of disciplines in the academic and
research community which have yet to discover and benefit from
them. The User Support Activities of the Networked Information
Services Project (NISP) intends to plant the seeds of computer
networking in some of these disciplines and nurture the seeds to

Cooper [Page 31]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993


One of NISP's goals is to support and encourage common training
materials. One way NISP is accomplishing this is to globally
search for other materials to incorporate into their materials.
Many groups experience frustration when the tools don't work or
aren't available. It is the user support groups' responsibility
to assist in finding the right sources.

Some common problems NISP has encountered is that computer
literacy isn't, at times, on the highest level. Additionally,
some sites have poor or very poor connectivity. Lack of
documentation is another problem, along with support people having
the lack of time to produce documentation. One suggestion to this
dilemma is that target groups should be encouraged to use mailbase
services at all different stages and at all levels.

The social sciences field is the best group to work with, as they
have reference cards, documentation, networked information office
postings, and work closely with the NISP. The librarian community
has the initial contact with JANET (Joint Academic Network).
JANET is an organized, central group that concentrates on the
training aspect. JANET also has joint activities with NISP. The
higher education administration is the group that is the hardest
to get started, basically because there are lots of suspicions to
overcome in this community. Security aspects are what they are
most concerned about.

The key features of NISP is that they do have limited resources,
the mailbase factor, and liase with other national projects in the
UK. The key factors in working with groups in other disciplines

first contact
focal point
training and support

The passport to success includes:

good connectivity
geographically spread
the need to communicate
coordinated group
getting key people involved
enthusiasm and persistence

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

1.1.2 Margaret Issacs - University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
"Issues in Training Users to Use the Network"

Issues in training users to use the network and general issues in
network training was the format of this talk, with specific
reference to the work of the UK Network Training Materials
Project, which is developing a generic mix and match set of
network training materials for users in UK universities.

The general issues include the increase in demand for training,
various user requirements, the hazards of being on-line, and the
effectiveness of training. There is an enormous widening spectrum
of users as the network grows. The expectations of users are
rising along with the volatility of network service, as there are
constant changes. The network trainer needs to address this issue
as well as the continuous upgrades of hardware and software. The
main hazard of going on-line is that many things can go wrong,
including the network, remote services, and local conditions. In
the effectiveness of training, a lot of resources and investment
and the increase of community awareness make it effective.

Within the Network Training Materials Project is the Informational
Technology Training Initiative (ITTI). In the UK context, the
initiative's intent is to stimulate the use of computers,
computing, teaching and training, and increased requirements and
demands. For example, The JANET IP services have come on-line,
and dominates its use with Telnet, FTP, Gopher, WWW, etc. In
addressing the issues, the scope is to optimize the investment in
network training by looking at the training materials that are
already developed in the international community, to seek out
community input, and then pooling this material.

The ITTI team seeks community input and feedback, and shares the
information. Generic network training materials are used
extensively by trainers at local sites. The materials have a
copyright, specifically for non-commercial users. The pooling of
on-line materials is obtained via anonymous FTP. In regards to
dealing with volatility issues, it is most important to keep
current through mailing lists, conferences, and to help to keep
the trainers up to date. Coping with on-line hazards requires
testing, testing, testing! (Included in the effectiveness is to
get feedback from users.) Always evaluate!

In summary, there is an increased demand for training and
centralized production of training materials.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

1.1.3 Daniele Bovio - EARN

"The EARN Help Desk: A Pilot in International End User

NETHELP is an international net-consulting Help Desk service
accessible via email for user support personnel and end-users
alike. This service is available to EARN (European and Academic
Research Network) members. The NETHELP services filters users,
creates tickets, ACKs receipts, and handles "help" mailings.
There is a Network Consultation Team (NCT) that is made up of four
consultants (IT, BE, HU, US). Five people are on staff that work
through LISTSERV and handle questions. The result is that NETHELP
fielded 200 tickets from 25 countries. All were received and all
were answered. Quality of service is stressed in this endeavor.
Each query was always answered with a dated receipt, and there was
never an answer of, "we don't know the answer". 95% of the global
queries were answered on the same weekday. Most questions were
fielded from Romania and Russia, as the large majority of ticket
work came from countries that are still organizing their

The most frequently asked question was, "How do I get this
person's email address?". A program called, "trickle" allows you
to receive information about PC software. Trickle was the most
frequently used program, and had the most queries in this pilot,
as the EARN members have the largest ratio of PCs. In addition,
many users do not have full Internet access, just email services.

The results of this pilot was that this service did not take off
in advanced countries, as it was not advertised as much. The
countries who had local help services available felt that the
EARN's NETHELP service was competition. There was also a language
problem from country to country, as EARN's official language is
English. The service was quite popular in countries that didn't
have local help desks. The main conclusion is that this service
needs advertisement. EARN published a leaflet that was available
at this conference that explained about NETHELP and what it is.

1.2 Directory Services Session

1.2.1 Erik Huizer - SURFnet
"Before We Deliver Directory Services to the End-User..."

Implementations of X.500 are hard to find, but they are out there.
What are the current issues?

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Technical Issues
fine tuning the standard
profiling of the standard

Political-Economical Issues
multiple services providers
multiple sources for Directory entries
how to make money out of Directory services
does every organization want a Directory Service?

Organizational Issues
how do you fill the directory
how do you update the directory
how do you ensure the quality of the database
synchronizing directories
replacing existing directories
security - access control

Legal Issues
dataprotection laws
privacy laws
security (encryption)

User Issues - What Users Want
quality of data
a) of user interfaces
b) with information servers

Paradise Pilots
National Pilots
Central Directory System Agents (DSA) pilots
Operational Agreements
Services Level Agreements
Performance Studies
Listening to Pilot Users

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

1.2.2 David Goodman - University College London
"Paradise in Transition"

X.500 towards a global this a dream or reality?
Can it be done? The Paradise Project shows the foundation can be
done, but will the end result of X.500's intent be seen in our
lifetime? Do we really want it? Or, does it smack of Orwell's

In the last 26 months, COSINE has provided the funding for the
Paradise Project. The criteria for success was the X.500 pilots
and a market for X.500 products. This has not yet been satisfied.
Another project is needed, including a transition phase which
would include:

continuation of control services
interworking testing
international coordination
transition - DANTE to take control of coordination
external liaisons

The role of the "Giant Tortoise"

DSA sits on the Directory Tree
Running two DSAs
Act as a registration authority
The use of Quipu - 95% of DSAs use Quipu

Profile of Paradise

A White Pages Listing - a listing of organizations and
people and who are in them
Predominately academic and research (20% commercial)
Different restrictions in each country
One first level DSA per country
Limited guidelines - problems of user expectations and
difficulty in enforcing guidelines


In 1990, there were 9 experimental pilots. There are now 26
pilots. There is a fairly complete picture of national pilots
in Western and Central Europe. There is a world directory with
47 pilots, with the US being the largest. There are 600
interconnected Directory Services worldwide. 50% in Europe and
20% in the US. The rest is scattered throughout the world.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

X.500 in the Paradise Project Demonstrates:

X.500 works
There will be a next year continuation of Paradise
Coordination by research networks
Focused user oriented guidelines
Quality control of the Directory
Guidelines need to be given
Look at diverse application of X.500
Yellow Pages
Security certification authorities

A European Directory Forum has been established. Therefore, a
global directory is both a dream and a reality. The technology
exists, but there are still lots of problems. Vendors are slow to
respond. It will take a five to ten year timeframe to provide a
coherent directory. This is due to cultural, not technical
problems. There was a question from Rolf Nordhagen (NO) about the
differences between X.500, WHOIS and WHOIS++. David responded
that the two protocols haven't met face to face yet, but that
there will be a confrontation eventually. X.500 is slow to come
around, and WHOIS was not considered competitive until about a
year ago.

1.3 Network for Schools Session

1.3.1 Panel Session - "Internet School Networking: A Global

Unfortunately, three of the four slated panelists were not at the

1.3.2 European School Project - Henk Sigre

The European School Project (ESP) is a support system for
secondary schools to explore application of educational
telematics. ESP wanted to use the network to enhance education,
and started with this project. The project started in 1989 with
two schools, one in Amsterdam and another in a small town in
British Columbia, Canada. The two schools were connected to
communicate about their schools. Both schools are totally
different in their environments.

The network connection was not just made for the benefit of the
students to just chat about the weather, etc. "Teletrips" were
developed in this program. Before a Teletrip could begin, the
teachers would communicate with each other over the network about
the agenda for each Teletrip session. These Teletrips were also

Cooper [Page 37]

Internet Monthly Report December 1993

conducted in different foreign languages.

Teletrips Subjects Included:

educational projects
local research
conversation topics
exchange of results
foreign language
electronic mail

Teletrip Examples Included:

show your portrait remembering
humor-different or... a teenager in...
holidays traditions
the image of the other everyday life
literature school and spare time
everyday statistics chemistry
school newspaper astronomy
school and home life

The Implementation of ESP Included:

Teacher Meetings
Country Coordinators
RISC (Resource Information and Support Center)

Teacher meetings were initiated in 1988, with 5 people
participating. A teacher's meeting was held in 1993 in Germany,
with an attendance of 105 people.

RISC supplies the following:

inventory - projects, schools, projects/proposals
support - supply and demand, techniques
acquisition - schools, countries
information - newsletters, flyers, information packets,
and publications

School Environment

Data Communication
Computer Equipment
Restrictions in curriculum, language, time

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Technical Implementations Included:

Focus on email processing
Using the Internet
File Storage
Local Resources
Mail Front Ends
Technical Support
(Technical support is very difficult. This type of support
is needed in schools to help teachers with data

Technical Problems Included:

Non-ASCII Characters
Technocentric User Interfaces
Computer Equipment
Restricted Format of Messages
Data Communication
Reliability of the Connection

In summary, remember to be flexible and not afraid to change

George Brett (US) mentioned in this session that in the United
States there is an effort underway called, "The Global
Schoolhouse", and that he was willing to discuss this project
off-line with the session attendees.

1.3.3 Lee Caldwell (US) from Novell provided a demonstration of the
use of the Internet in school networking.

1.4 User Support Session 2

1.4.1 Robert Cailliau - CERN
"World Wide Web (WWW)"

Robert demonstrated WWW at various sites around the globe. From
Honolulu to Chicago he showed how easy it was to go around the
world using WWW. WWW is a general hypertext model, with the
ability to search. Robert used the Honolulu Community College
site as an example. The architecture of WWW is that it splits the
servers from the clients. The travel is between an SGML (Standard
Generalized Markup Language) document. It has a gateway to get to
other services via a gateway metro (archie, WAIS, Gopher, WWW,
FTP, Internet News, etc.) Documents are spread all over the net,
via links. If there are slow links, there are slow responses.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Robert announced the formation of the European Consortium of WWW.
He is forming it, as he sees a need to develop a commercial
quality software group of existing professionals in Europe. Why?
Concentrate efforts and resources. How does ATM influence it?
Needs better reliability. Robert stated that WWW is a welcome and
necessary edition to schools and libraries.

There was a discussion between George Brett and Robert Cailliau in
regards to commercial versus non-profit environments. George
mentioned that CNIDR (Clearinghouse for Networked Information
Discovery and Retrieval) was founded to prevent orphan software,
and that the software is freely available to the public, and from
a non-profit environment, not just specifically coming from the
commercial sector.

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1.4.2 David Sitman - EARN
"EARN Documents"

EARN document availability is by electronic mail via:
[email protected].

get DOC file List
get EARN brochure

EARN documentation started two years ago, and is specifically
concerned with NJE (Network Job Entry) users. The EARN User
Support group is not protocol bound, as not everyone has FTP,
Telnet, or NJE. However, everyone does have email.

EARN's "Guide to Network Resource Tools" is in its second edition,
and was made available at this conference.

1.4.3 Joyce K. Reynolds - Information Sciences Institute
"Panel Discussion on User Support Issues"

Joyce Reynolds (US) chaired the user support forum session, which
included the following panelists: Bert Stals (NL), Jill Foster
(UK), David Sitman (IL), and Robert Cailliau (CH/F)

The session encouraged audience participation, besides
participation from the panelists. Issues included:

- What has become of last year's conclusions (i.e., closer
cooperation with the networking community and librarians)?
- Flea market versus department store
- Cost of information versus free information (and the relation
with quality)
- Have we lost control of the network?

During the allotted time, there was a spirited round robin
discussion of the above issues, with each panelist making a brief
opening statement, then opening up the discussion to the audience.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

2. The RARE ISUS Working Group Meetings

The RARE Information Services and User Support (ISUS) Working Group,
chaired by Jill Foster, met in tandem with EARN's Network Services
Conference (NSC). The first meeting was held all day on the 11
October. The second meeting was held the afternoon of 15 October.
Introductions were made around the meeting room and the agenda items
were discussed. ISUS identified points for collaboration:

Start small - identify 2-3 concrete items
Get volunteers who will work as a two way link
Network "mentors" - are overloaded, but are experts in their
Take part within European countries
Enlighten people within local countries about ISUS' work
Raise national projects to a European level
Look inwards and outwards
Consider an ISUS group in your own country.

2.1 Documentation Task Force

Bert gave an overview of the progress of the Documentation Task
Force. Defining goals and writing the short introductory
pamphlets on WAIS, WWW, Gopher, email, etc., had been successful.
However, the short guides had not really taken off and had been
overtaken by events.

Judy Koren (IL) mentioned that there is a real need for
documentation in other languages than the "default" language of
English. Will this ISUS Task Force assist in this need? Jill
commented that the aim of this Task Force is to provide short
leaflets and that other countries can feel free to translate the
leaflets for their own user groups, with the stipulation that they
put the results out on the network. Bert added that it is not the
intention to set up a new line of documentation, but to improve
existing material.

2.2 Brief report on Document Delivery by Maria Heijne (NL)

A Document Delivery Task Force was supposed to be formed back at
the NSC meetings in Pisa, Italy. Maria submitted a report, but
with no response back except from the UK. Last June, Maria
submitted another report, and did receive some response, but not
from any of the ISUS group. She is now asking again for ideas.

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2.3 ISUS Newsletter

Anders Gillner was producing one, but did a lot of the work by
himself. He needs assistance. Maria volunteered to help by
sending items of interest to the ISUS list.

2.4 INET/JENC94 Meeting in Prague

Jill announced that she was asked to Chair the "User Support and
Applications" track of the INET/JENC94 meetings in Prague. She
has accepted and asked Joyce Reynolds to co-chair with her in this
endeavor. Joyce has accepted the invitation to co-chair. Jill
and Joyce requested ideas on papers from the ISUS WG.

2.5 Coordination of Information Services in Europe

Anders Gillner and Tom Verschuren (NL) led a discussion on the
Gopher issues. There is a European Gopher structure set up.
Stockholm is the starting place with national entry points.
Additional discussion included:

Status reports
National Veronicas
National Entry Points
Quality of Service
Maintaining information
Next Generation of Gopher - more to do?

The IETF's "Integrated Information Architecture" concept was
brought up by Erik Huizer (NL) and Joyce Reynolds. More
discussion on this topic will be at the Houston IETF. Anders
queried if there were any CNI (Coalition for Networked
Information) type initiatives in Europe. No one currently knew of

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2.6 Reports on EARN, IETF and RARE activities

Current reports were presented by representatives of EARN, RARE, and
the IETF in the area of user support.

2.6.1 David Sitman (EARN)

David stated that EARN covers a larger geographical area than RARE
which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa. EARNINFO
meetings are usually attended by those also attending the EARN
technical group meetings, and are not specifically made up of user
support people. The real work is performed by a paid staff.
EARNINFO focuses on general end user issues and makes no
distinction between the NJE and the Internet users. As the use of
NJE is still growing in new countries (NJE still proves to be a
good, quick startup for international networking) there is still a
need for documentation. As to the issue of EARN cooperation with
RARE/ISUS initiatives, David stated that a merger between the two
is not impossible and could be desirable, but on the other hand
something may also be said of healthy competition.

2.6.2 Jill Foster (RARE)

RARE ISUS Working Group covers a broad range of people and
activities where most of the work is done in task forces. It is a
volunteer effort and is open to everyone interested in
participating. Current activities and task forces include:

- RARE Technical Report 1 (RTR1): an up to date status report
of user support and information services in Europe
- UNITE: User Network Interface To Everything
- MultiMedia Information Services
- Networked Information Retrieval (Tools and Groups) report
- Co-ordination of Networked Information Retrieval Services in
- User Documentation
- Document Delivery
- Network Training Materials
- Support for Special Interest Groups
- User Requirements of Automatic Mail Based Servers

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

2.6.3 Joyce Reynolds (IETF)

The IETF was originally a technically oriented group, but as of
March 1990, User Services efforts were formed as its own separate
area. The IETF User Services Area is made up of a User Services
Area Council, the User Services Working Group (USWG), which is the
umbrella group that spawns new working groups in this area, and
various other working groups. The aim of the User Services Area
is to enhance the cooperation of user support in internetworking.
The User Services Area provides information for the people doing
the first level user support. It is seen as a second level
provider of user support.

Joyce mentioned the following list of working groups and projects
that are currently underway as part of the IETF User Services

- IAFA (Internet Anonymous FTP Archives)
- IDS (Integrated Directory Services)
- IIIR (Integration of Internet Information Resources)
- ISN (Internet School Networking)
- NIR (Network Information Retrieval)
- NISI (Network Information Services Infrastructure)
- TRAINMAT (Network Training Materials)
- URI (Uniform Resource Identifiers)
- USERDOC (User Documentation)
- USWG (User Services Working Group)
- WNILS (WHOIS and Network Information Lookup Service)

Many of these projects and activities have produced documentation
that have been published as "FYI RFCs" (For Your Information).
FYIs are a subseries of the RFC series of notes. FYIs are
introductory and overview documents for network users. Their
purpose is to make available general information, rather than the
protocol specifications or standards that is typical of other
RFCs. Joyce commented that there are currently 21 FYIs, including
FYI 19, "FYI on Introducing the Internet-- A Short Bibliography of
Introductory Internetworking Readings", (Also RFC 1463), May 1993.
The IETF User Services Area and the RARE ISUS WG continue to work
in parallel and in a complementary fashion, with coordination
between Jill and Joyce.

2.7 Network Training Materials Task Force

Jill introduced the Network Training Materials Task Force which is
a joint Working Group with the IETF and liaises with Australian
groups. This work is based heavily on the UK's NISP/ITTI Network
Training Materials Project based in Newcastle (see section 1.1.2

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

for further information). Margaret Issacs (UK), the Project
Officer, gave an overview of this work. The aims of the RARE/IETF
Network Training Materials Task Force/Working Group and the ITTI
Project activities are to make a catalogue of already available
training materials and make this available to the network
community. The catalogue will soon be available as an Internet-

The Newcastle group is also developing the following network
training materials:

Item 1: "The World From Your Desk Top"

This is already available with:

- Presentations
- Demos
- Handouts
- Workshop material

Item 2: "Slicing Through the Maze of Networked Information

Item 3: "Electronic Mail"

Margaret made a call for volunteers to update the collection that
has already been put together for the catalogue and to provide
feedback on the Training Pack.

2.8 Support Discussion Subject Groups Task Force - Jill Foster

2.8.1 United Kingdom

David Hartland (UK) reported that NISP target groups have been set
up (see section 1.1.1 for further information).

2.8.2 The Netherlands

Bert gave a status report on support activities for SIGs (Special
Interest Groups). SURFnet has a low profile attitude, and they
wait for groups to come to them. If SURFnet receives a help
request from a potential SIG, they can assist in making project
plans. Two projects have already been completed and two are still

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

2.8.3 Germany

Monika Roesler (DE) reported that in some cases, group support
from DFN is in the form of hardware and software. They have one
person funded for two years for training and motivating members,
and to hold meetings. They've discovered that user groups would
die out once the project leader departed.

2.8.4 United Kingdom

Nicky Ferguson (UK) is the Networked Information Officer for the
ESRC (Economic and Social Sciences Research Council). He
encourages the use of networked information in the social science
community. He works in collaboration with David Hartland of the
NISP. He has produced a card referring to services over JANET
that are of relevance to social scientists. This has been
distributed very widely. Nicky also runs hands-on sessions so
computer naive users can get accustomed to the computers, provides
interaction with faculty members, and attention to the resources.
There has also been an establishment of a social sciences Gopher.
A National Information on Software and Services (NISS) group has
been funded by the "Funding Body for Social Sciences", with Jill's

2.9 The Euromath Project - Flemming Topsoe (DK)

This project was started in Warsaw and is ten years old. The aim
is to create a homogeneous workstation environment for editing
mathematical documents and for email. This includes the creation
of a homogenus workstation and DTDs (Document Type Definitions)
with the main emphasis on the editing side. On-going work
includes a hypertext help system and an electronic mailer. It
runs full SGML and the development portion is available. Euromath
Version 1 will be released January 1994, which will include
Gopher, WAIS and WWW.

Ongoing work includes:

hypertext help system
electronic mailer
personal file system (for accessing and creating databases)

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

2.10 U.N.I.T.E. - George Munroe (UK)

George Munroe led the UNITE (User Network Interface To Everything)
discussion. UNITE started as a small closed group, but became an
ISUS Task Force one year ago at the NSC in Pisa. It is an idea of
a total service in the sense that the user would not have to learn
many different interfaces or to know which tool to use to find the
information he/she is looking for on the network.

The scope and goals included:

What an ideal interface should be? (Started last November)
What systems are already out there?
Benchmark tests for evaluating systems
Evaluate these solutions
Only 8-9 catalogue of review
Dissemination of reports

Question from George, "Should we continue? If so, how?"

UNITE files
Evaluation reports (in the UNITE archive)
Evaluation of UNITE - new things or stay as they are?
Protocols essential for networking people - that's it
Put it out to a "real" user - any volunteers?
Any topics to introduce on the list
Not much input on information management
Should UNITE be thinking about it? - Probably YES.

The attendees agreed that the UNITE work should go on. The work
and discussions on the list are highly appreciated and George was
thanked for his efforts.

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


Readers are requested to send in dates of events that are appropriate
for this calendar section. Please send your submissions to
([email protected]).


Jan 10-13 IEEE P802.11 Interim San Jose Area
Jan 12-14 RSA Data Security Conf. Redwood Shores, CA
Jan 16-18 Worldwide Elect. Commerce New York, NY
Jan 17-21 USENIX, Hilton San Francisco, CA
Feb 3-4 ISOC Network & Distributed San Diego, CA
System Security ([email protected])
Feb 6-10 High-speed netwrking
& multimedia apps San Jose, CA
Feb 14-17 UniForum Dallas CC, Dallas, TX
Feb 14-17 IEEE/IFIP Ntw Ops/Mgt Orlando, FL
Feb 20-25 SHARE Anaheim, CA
Mar 7-11 IEEE P802.11 Plenary Vancouver, BC
Mar 14-16 5th W/s on VHSN Baltimore, MD
Mar 15-18 ARPA HPCC Symposium Alexandria, VA
Mar 16-23 CeBIT 94 Hannover, Germany
Mar 23-26 Comp, Freedom & Priv Chicago, IL
Mar 24-27 2nd Intl Conf on Telecom Syst
modelling & anaysis Nashville, TN
Mar 28-Apr 1 29th IETF Seattle, WA
Apr 6-8 National Net '94 Washington, D.C.
Apr 11-15 High Performance Computing La Jolla, CA
Apr 18-20 European Exhb. HP Comp/Ntwk Munich, Germany
Apr 18-22 IEEE POSIX
Apr 18-22 INTEROP94 Washington, DC
May 2-6 NetWorld+INTEROP 94 Las Vegas, Nevada
Dan Lynch ([email protected])
May 4-6 IFIP '94 Hamburg, Germany
May 9-12 IEEE P802.11 Interim Oshawa, Ontario
Jun 1-3 IFIP WG 6.5 ULPAA Barcelona, Spain
Einar Stefferud ([email protected])
Jun 6-10 NetWorld+INTEROP 94 Berlin, Germany
Dan Lynch ([email protected])
Jun 6-10 USENIX, Hynes Convention Ctr. Boston, MA
Jun 13-17 INET '94 Prague, Czech
Jun 20-Jul 1 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC6 Helsinki
Jun 27-Jul 1 HPN '94 Grenoble, France
Jun 27-Jul 1 Home-oriented informatics Copenhagen, Denmark

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Jul 11-15 IEEE P802.11 Plenary Orlando, FL
Jul. 13-14 W/S on Community Networking Millbrae, CA
Jul 25-29 30th IETF Toronto, Canada
Jul 25-29 Sigraph 94 Orlando, FL
Jul 25-29 NetWorld+INTEROP 94 Tokyo, Japan
Dan Lynch ([email protected])
Aug 7-12 SHARE (IBM) Boston, MA
Aug 28-Sep 2 IFIP World Computer Congress Hamburg, Germany
Aug 29-Sep 2 ACM SIGCOMM 94, UCL London, England
Contact J. [email protected]. or ACM
Sep IEEE P802.11 Interim TBD
Sep 12-14 NetWorld+INTEROP 94 Atlanta, Georgia
Dan Lynch ([email protected])
Sep 12-16 INTEROP94/f San Francisco, Ca.
Oct. 2-5 IEEE Leading Edge Comp. Ntwg Minneapolis, MN
Oct 24-28 NetWorld+INTEROP 94 Paris, France
Dan Lynch ([email protected])
Nov 7-11 IEEE P802.11 Plenary Incline Village, NV
Nov 14-18 Supercomputing '94 Washington, D.C.
Nov 28-Dec 2 Email World Boston, MA
Nov 14-18 31st IETF (possibly dec 5-9) San Francisco, CA


Jan 16-20 USENIX Marriott New Orleans, LA
Feb 20-24 UniForum Dallas CC, Dallas, TX
Feb 26-Mar 3 SHARE (IBM) Los Angeles, CA
Mar 6-10 IEEE 802 Plenary Tentative
Mar 13-17 32nd IETF Australia (very tentative)
Mar 13-24 ISO/IEC JTC1/SC6 Tokyo, Japan
Mar 27-31 Email World Chicago, IL
May 8-12 INTEROP 95 Washington, DC
Jun 19-22 USENIX San Francisco, CA
Jun INET95
Jul 10-14 IEEE 802 Plenary (tentative)
Sep 18-22 INTEROP 95 San Francisco, CA
Oct 3-11 Telecom '95 Geneva, Switzerland
Oct 9-13 Email World San Jose, CA
Nov 6-10 IEEE 802 Plenary (tentative)


Mar 11-14 UniForum San Francisco, CA
Sep 2-6 14th IFIP Congress Canberra, Australia


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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

Ref. RSec(94)001-ac

This list of meetings is provided for information. Many of the
meetings are closed or by invitation; if in doubt, please contact the
chair of the meeting or the RARE Secretariat. If you have
additions/corrections/comments, please mail Anne Cozanet (e.mail
address: [email protected]).


============ ========

RARE Executive Committee
27 January (Joint meeting with EARN-EXEC) Geneva
28 January Geneva
29 March Amsterdam (RARE Secretariat)

RARE Council of Administration
3/4 February 1994 Brussels
19/20 May 1994 Darmstadt
18/19 May 1995 Tel Aviv

RARE Technical Committee
17 January Telephone Meeting
3/4 March Amsterdam (RARE Secretariat)
12 June Prague, Czech

RARE Working Groups
13/14 June Prague, Czech

25 or 26 January (TBC) UCL London (TBC)

PASSWORD pilot day
25 January UCL London

24-26 January Amsterdam (NIKHEF)
16-18 May Amsterdam (NIKHEF)

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


DANTE Technical Advisory Group
18 January Amsterdam (RARE Secretariat)

DANTE Steering Committee
4 February Brussels

DANTE Shareholders
25 March TBD

EBONE Management Committee
10 January Copenhagen

EBONE Consortium of Contributing Organisations
19 January Amsterdam

EAT (Ebone Action Team) + EOT (Ebone Operations Team)
28 February/1 March KTH Stockholm


20/21 June TBD (in Europe)

INTERNET SOCIETY Board of Trustees
13/14 June Prague, Czech

29 March - 1 April Seattle
25-29 July Toronto
Autumn San Francisco

Technical Assembly
1-2 March Brussels
17-18 May Brussels
13-14 September Brussels
22-23 November Brussels

Steering Committee
15 March Brussels
7 June Brussels
27 September Brussels

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

6 December Brussels

17-21 January Brussels
11-15 April Brussels
27 June - 1 July Brussels
10-14 October Brussels


General Assembly
24/25 March Nice, France
22/23 November Nice, France

Technical Assembly
21-23 March Nice, France
21/22 June Nice, France
18-20 October Nice, France

Board of Directors
18-19 May Darmstadt

INET'94/JENC5 Track Leaders
17 February Zuerich

INET'94/JENC5 Conference Committee
21 March Amsterdam (RARE Secretariat)

INET'94/ 5th Joint European Networking Conference (JENC5)

13 -> 17 June 1994 Prague, Czech Republic

The annual conference of the Internet Society held in conjunction with
the 5th Joint European Networking Conference.

To be added to the conference email distribution list, send a
message to .

Deadline for submission of contributions and proposals for
demonstrations is 15 December 1993 - email .


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Internet Monthly Report December 1993


(nb. For some of the following events, full text information is
available from the RARE Document Store under the directory calendar,
in which case the file name is specified under the information presented
below. The files may be retrieved via:

anonymous FTP:
Email : [email protected]
Gopher :

organised by RARE with support from the CEC
on 2 February 1994 in Brussels
*** CALL FOR PAPERS *** to be sent to the High Speed Symposium
Secretariat before 21 November 1993.
Participation is free of charge; registration forms can be
obtained from .
To be added to the symposium email distribution list, send a
message to .

on 3 and 4 February 1994
at the Catamaran Hotel in San Diego, California
more information from Mr. Robert Shirey of the MITRE Corporation
(also on RARE Document Store, file name )

from 29 till 31 March 1994
at the University of Plymouth, Devon, England
organised by the Joint Network Team and the University of Plymouth

18 till 20 April 1994 in Munich, Germnay

from 18 to 21 April 1994 in Funchal, Madeira Island, Portugal
For information, please email Prof. Pedro Veiga

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

from 25 till 30 April 1994 in Ascona, Switzerland

MediaActive 94 - "Harnessing Multimedia for Higher Education"
from 4 till 6 May 1994 in Liverpool, England
*** CALL FOR PAPERS *** deadline 10 January 1994

from 25 till 30 April 1994 in Nancy, France

from 24 till 26 May 1994 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
For information, email

organised by the Computer Science Department of the Johannes Kepler
University Linz, Austria, in cooperation with the European
Association for Cognitive Ergonomics (EACE)
from 24 till 26 May 1994 in Schaerding, Austria
*** CALL FOR PAPERS *** deadline 15 January 1994
For further information, contact Michel Tauber

NORDUnet 94
from 31 May to 2 June 1994
in Umea, Sweden
for information, email

from 5 till 11 June 1994
at the Czech Technical University in Prague
*** apply for admission before 1 March 1994 ***

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Internet Monthly Report December 1993

4th International Russian Forum
organised by the Academy of National Economy of Moscow, Russia; the
International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information; and
the Russian-American JV "Ecotrends".
from 27 June till 2 July
*** CALL FOR PAPERS *** deadline 15 January 1994
For further information, contact Juri Gornostaev or Juri Andrianov

from 11 till 15 July 1994 in Manchester, England
from 22 till 26 August 1994 in Lugano, Switzerland

from 28 August till 2 September 1994, in Hamburg, Germany
Tel. +49 40 3569 2242 - Fax. +49 40 3569 2343

Communications Architectures, Protocols and Applications
organised by University College London
from 31 August till 2 September
(Tutorials and Workshops on 30 August)
***CALL FOR PAPERS*** deadline 1 February 1994
For further information, contact

from 18 to 20 October 1994
in Bournemouth (UK)



Cooper [Page 56]

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