Category : Various Text files
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by William Stone, III and Allan Finkas

Version 5.19, dated April 7, 1992
COPYRIGHT 1990, 1991, 1992 BY
Allan Finkas and William Stone, III


STAR TREK (TM) is a registered trademark of Paramount Pictures Corporation.
All rights reserved.

Permission to download and/or reprint this article in it entirety for free
distribution is hereby granted provided the authors' names and this copyright
notice are retained.


Science fiction fans generally tend to be fanatical about specifically dating
the events of their favorite stories. They may often construct elaborate
explanations as to how events proceeded from now until then. In this, STAR
TREK fans are no different. However, for the first twenty years of the
series' history, efforts to construct a timeline were hampered by a lack of a
clearly specified year during which the original series took place.

The reasons behind this were simple and pragmatic: Gene Roddenberry didn't
want his series to be set so far into the future as to be unapproachable, yet
so close to the present time as to be contradicted by the rapid pace of
scientific advances. Throughout the original series (and movies) we are
treated to only vague references to the twentieth century being two or three
centuries in the past.

The first major timeline was published in an issue of the STAR TREK GIANT
POSTER BOOK in 1976/1977. Individuals responsible for the magazine included
editor Ron Barlow (then the manager of the Federation Trading Post, a
now-defunct Star Trek specialty store in New York City), Doug Drexler, and
Geoffrey Mandel. Many fans will recognize Mandel for the many blueprints and
starship diagrams he produced during the last couple of decades, many of
which are still available at conventions and by mail order.

Not suprisingly, Mandel and other popular technical artists made extensive
use of the GIANT POSTER BOOK timeline in their products. Vestiges of it
appear in the STAR TREK MAPS collection, and the popular SHIPS OF THE
STARFLEET series of books.

In 1980, Wallaby published the STAR TREK SPACEFLIGHT CHRONOLOGY by Stan and
Fred Goldstein, illustrated by Rick Sternbach (then an illustrator on STAR
TREK - THE MOTION PICTURE, now senior illustrator for STAR TREK: THE NEXT
GENERATION). Published in conjunction with the release of STAR TREK - THE
MOTION PICTURE, the SPACEFLIGHT CHONOLOGY saw a much wider readership than
the GIANT POSTER BOOK version. It also differed with the POSTER BOOK by
placing ST-TMP nearly fifty years before the POSTER BOOK.

This chronology was adopted by FASA for their popular STAR TREK: THE
ROLE-PLAYING GAME. It gained even wider acceptance, and was used as the
basis for a number of Pocket Books' STAR TREK novels. The most obvious
examples are THE FINAL REFLECTION by John M. Ford and FINAL FRONTIER by Diane

The SPACEFLIGHT CHRONOLOGY placed the voyages of the original starship
Enterprise (NCC-1701) at the late 22nd or early 23rd century, apparently due
to information from "Space Seed." Kirk tells Khan, whose ship launched in
1996, that he and his fellow supermen have been asleep for "about two
centuries." 1996 + 200 = 2196.

There are two major pieces of evidence which contradict this, both of which
appeared within a year of each other: in STAR TREK IV: THE VOYAGE HOME, Kirk
tells Gillian Taylor he is from the late 23rd century, and in "The Neutral
Zone," Data specifically states the current year is 2364.

STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION completely changed the face of any subsequent
timeline. Unlike the original series, THE NEXT GENERATION was much more
conscious of their era. This was necessary in order to avoid major
continuity problems with the movies. Specifically placing events in THE NEXT
GENERATION's present with its past in flux was a risky business. While this
problem appears to have become moot (since STAR TREK VI is reportedly the
last film featuring the original cast), it is still prudent to be wary of
future additions to the STAR TREK history.

There have been a number of facts given in THE NEXT GENERATION that allow us
to construct a realistic timeline. The results, oddly enough, resemble the
timeline from the GIANT POSTER BOOK, with a number of notable exceptions.

One note of caution: our timeline is defined by what we can interpret from
FILMED STAR TREK adventures. This is purely a pragmatic decision. The STAR
TREK production office has repeatedly stated that all after-market novels
(including Roddenberry's novelization of ST-TMP), technical manuals, and
stories will not be taken into account in the writing of future STAR TREK
scripts. We occasionally use after-market novels and products where they fit
and where we've found them useful or helpful. Our purpose, however, is not
to bridge continuity gaps between different media but establish a timeline
for Roddenberry's filmed media. This is simply a pragmatic decision and does
not indicate a bias toward or against other after-market products.

The NEXT GENERATION episode "The Neutral Zone" takes place in the year 2364.
This was stated by Data as a response to the question "What year is it?"

veteran TNG staff members Michael Okuda and Rick Sternbach) the launch date
of the Enterprise-D was October 23, 2363. It's not unreasonable to assume
that a shakedown of two months or more would be standard procedure for
Starfleet vessels. This would place the beginning of THE NEXT GENERATION's
first season in the first quarter of 2364. This assumption is supported by
other data: Picard's log entry stardates have proceeded unevenly from 41153.7
through the 45000s. The move from the "41" to the "45" prefixes seems to
GUIDE corroborates this. Additionally, in his initial log entry from "Data's
Day", Data specifically states the number of days since the Enterprise's
launch. It has been just over three years.

The voyages of Enterprise-D are seventy-eight years "after the days of the
original starship Enterprise." This was stated by the offscreen announcer
moments prior to the beginning of "Encounter at Farpoint". This is a rather
nonspecific statement, however, and could mean a number of things: 78 years
since the end of the original series, 78 years since STAR TREK IV (at that
time the current motion picture), or 78 years since STAR TREK VI (reportedly
the final voyage of the original crew).

The appearance of Ambassador Sarek of Vulcan in the NEXT GENERATION episode
"Sarek," and Dr. McCoy's brief cameo in "Encounter at Farpoint", give the
information necessary to deduce what "78 years" means:

Sarek was 102.437 years of age when he appeared in "Journey to Babel" - STAR
TREK's second season. Sarek was 202 years old in "Sarek" - STAR TREK: THE
NEXT GENERATION's third season, or 2366. "Journey to Babel" therefore takes
place exactly one century before "Sarek", making the original show's second
season in 2266. Sarek was born in 2164.

Admiral Leonard H. McCoy, M.D., though unnamed in the episode, made a
recognizable cameo appearance in "Encounter at Farpoint." Data stated at that
time that McCoy was one-hundred thirty-seven years of age "according to
Starfleet records." Subtracting 137 from 2364 gives us 2227. Leonard H.
McCoy was born sometime during that year. In STAR TREK's second season, he
was 39.

"78 years", therefore, probably refers to the time period of STAR TREKs II
through V.

If we assume that the events of STAR TREK's first season take place one year
before those of the second season, season one is in the year 2265. There is
a high degree of probability (the reasons for which are explained in greater
detail later) that "Where No Man Has Gone Before" was not Kirk's first
mission as Enterprise's commander. It's more likely that the Enterprise's
five-year mission began in late 2264.

Paramount has been kind enough to supply a birthdate of March 3, 2233 for
James Kirk. This is a slightly-modified version of the birthdate celebrated
each year in Riverside, Iowa. Since he was thirty-four in the episode "The
Deadly Years", that episode takes place some time after March 3, 2267.

For those who are interested, if Kirk avoided death by mishap, he would be
136 in March of 2368 - approximately midway through THE NEXT GENERATION's
fifth season. He is possibly still alive, since McCoy (five years his
senior) was living in 2364.

When these few dates are known, it's very easy to make a number of other
deductions about STAR TREK's future history.

Spock says in "The Menagerie" that the Enterprise's visit to Talos IV
happened "thirteen years ago," and that he served with Captain Christopher
Pike for "eleven years, four months, five days." If "The Menagerie" was in
2265, then "The Cage" was in 2252. Since Spock served with Pike for eleven
years and not thirteen, and as also stated in that episode, Kirk "took over
the Enterprise" from Pike, "The Cage" was probably early in Pike's command.
We personally like to place it in the first year of his command. Christopher
Pike was Captain of the Enterprise from 2252 well into 2263.

Where was the Enterprise between mid 2263 to late 2264? Probably being
refitted under the direction of a newly-promoted Captain named James Kirk and
his new chief engineer, Montgomery Scott. It seems that Starfleet has a
tendency to extensively refit existing starships rather than build new ones.
As we'll see, a young Captain named Willard Decker was similarly engaged from
early 2271 to mid 2273.

A refit at some point between "The Cage" and "Where No Man Has Gone Before"
is supported by a number of major differences in the ship's appearance (the
primary hull, the nacelles, the shuttle bay, the bridge, captain's quarters,
the replacement of lasers with phasers, etc.). There was also a lesser refit
sometime following "Where No Man", but considering the ship regained warp
drive only due to Lee Kelso's "talented thievery", a period of time in a
starbase drydock following this incident would not be suprising.

Prior to Pike's Captaincy, things become much more subject to conjecture. We
know that Commodore Robert April was the first captain of the Enterprise
("The Counter-Clock Incident"). We don't know from onscreen evidence that he
commanded the ship immediately before Pike, but it would seem likely. By the
time Kirk commanded her, she was at least thirteen years old.

Commodore Robert April was a retiring ambassador aged seventy-five in "The
Counter-Clock Incident." Our personal preference is to place this adventure
very close to the end of the five-year mission (it was, in fact, the final
animated episode produced). Since this assumption would place "The
Counter-Clock Incident" in 2269, Robert April was born in early 2194.

Unless rejuvenation techniques have advanced considerably since we saw McCoy
in "Farpoint," April is almost certainly dead by 2368. He would be about 175
years of age.

Unfortunately, all we know about April from the series is that he commanded
the ship for some period, and that the bridge of the Enterprise "feels more
like home" than anywhere he's ever been. Since eighteen months seems to be
the standard Starfleet refit, one could assume that such a refit existed
after April's command. This way, one does as little damage as possible to
the events of the novel FINAL FRONTIER by Diane Carey, although the dates
become inaccurate. If April's command proceeded much as chronicled in that
novel, then he probably wasn't aboard the Enterprise for any appreciable
length of time. There was probably the chronicled "unofficial" mission, a
shakedown refit, and then a shakedown cruise. Following this, Captain
Christopher Pike took command.

This would place April's mission to the Neutral Zone in 2250, and the
commissioning of the Enterprise in 2251. The flaw in our preferred
assumption is that this makes April's age about fifty-six. This would make
him the average age for a Captain in any traditional quasi-military
organization, but appears to disagree with his age in Carey's novel.

During the latter years of Pike's command James Kirk was a very active man.
In order for David Marcus to be in his mid 20s in 2286, Kirk would have had
to have sired him with Carol Marcus around 2260, about four years before he
became captain of the Enterprise.

There are a number of other deductions one can make once the above
information is known. Spock's year of birth, for example, was probably 2223,
since he was in his late twenties in "The Cage" (circa 2252). He was 145
years of age when last seen in "Unification".

Pavel Chekov stated in "Return to Adonais" that he was 23. Since Khan
recognized him in ST2, Chekov must have been aboard the ship at the time of
"Space Seed". Undoubtably, they met offscreen. Chekov might have been
pulling a "night" shift or duty in an isolated area of Engineering. He would
have been a recently-graduated Ensign aged 22. Thus, he was born in 2243.
Similarly, if one assumes ages of 41, 26, and 25 for Scotty, Sulu, and Uhura
in 2265, then their birth years are 2224, 2239, and 2240 respectively.

The Enterprise's first mission under James T. Kirk was five years long,
ending therefore in 2269 or 2270. It was probably early 2270, in order for
the numbers to work out nicely. Following her triumphant return, Kirk was
promoted to Admiral and posted to Chief of Starfleet Operations (stated in

McCoy resigned Starfleet in disgust when Admiral Nogura (Starfleet's Chief of
Staff) ignored McCoy's advice against a ground assignment for Kirk.

In 2270, probably shortly after the Enterprise returned to Earth, Spock led a
mission to the planet Vonda McIntyre nicknamed "Hellguard." There, he
discovered a half-Romulan, half-Vulcan survivor named Saavik. Shortly after
that, he too resigned Starfleet and went to Gol, on Vulcan, to study

A sidelight: if Saavik was about ten when Spock discovered her around the
year 2270, then in 2366, she would be about 107. This would put her at
Vulcan middle age, and almost certainly alive, assuming she didn't meet with

Following approximately one year inactive and an eighteen-month refit (as
stated in STAR TREK - THE MOTION PICTURE), Kirk took the Enterprise to meet
Vejur in mid 2273.

There is a significant gap of thirteen years between ST-TMP and STAR TREK II:
THE WRATH OF KHAN. What precisely happened is unknown, but it seems very
likely that Starfleet allowed Kirk to keep the Enterprise for some period of
time. The authors would like to assume at least one - perhaps two -
unchronicled five year missions. Following this, the Enterprise was assigned
as a Starfleet Academy training vessel with Spock as her commander. Kirk was
posted to Starfleet Academy, probably as Superintendant.

The next chronicled adventure of the Enterprise, STAR TREK II: THE WRATH OF
KHAN, takes place 78 years prior to THE NEXT GENERATION, beginning on March
3, 2286. Kirk was celebrating his fifty-fourth birthday. STAR TREK III
takes place immediately after STAR TREK II, with STAR TREK IV following three
months later. STAR TREK V follows mere weeks after STAR TREK IV. All four
films fell between March and September, 2286.

As with STAR TREK-THE MOTION PICTURE and STAR TREK II, there is a significant
gap between STAR TREK V and STAR TREK VI. During his trial in STAR TREK VI,
McCoy mentions that he's been ship's surgeon on the ENTERPRISE for 27 years.
For reasons which will become clear in a moment, he probably isn't referring
to the time since the original five-year mission (2265). It's probably
referring to McCoy's posting to the ENTERPRISE in ST-TMP (2273). This means
that STAR TREK VI took place in 2300. A gap of fourteen years is the only
way to account for the announced retirement of Kirk, McCoy, and Scotty. In
2300, respective ages of the men are 67, 73, and 76.

Starfleet's intention to decommission the Enterprise at the conclusion of ST6
is somewhat baffling. The ship is only about fourteen years old. By all
evidence we've seen to date, a quarter of a century or more is the standard
duty life of a starship. Why would Starfleet want to decommission such a
young vessel?

Because during the fourteen-year gap, the Federation and Klingon Empire went
to war.

It ignited approximately three years after STAR TREK V. In "The Emissary",
numerous references are made the the war having been "75 years ago." Riker
makes reference to the war in "The Defector." Thus, the Federation/Klingon
war began in approximately 2289.

The question that immediately comes to mind is: what happened to the
Organians? Their fate is unknown, but their disappearance is obvious: if
they had been present, a Federation/Klingon war would have been impossible.
In fact, it seems likely that given the rising tensions between the two
governments shown in the movies and apparent purging of the more
human-looking Klingon races seen in the the original series, the presence of
the Organians was probably the only thing preventing war.

In 2290, the Klingons sent the IKV TONG to the Federation frontier on a
secret military mission ("The Emissary"). All hands were in suspended
animation, to be awakened on arrival. TONG was eventually intercepted by the
Enterprise-D in 2365.

We don't know for certain how long this war lasted, but evidence of it is
very clear by the time of STAR TREK VI: many structural and design changes
were made to both the ENTERPRISE and EXCELSIOR; crew quarters have been
replaced with troop bunkrooms; bridge personnel is nearly doubled; many
structural supports have been added in corridors, on the bridge, and throught
the ship.

Starfleet has clearly become less an exploratory and scientific body and more
traditional military navy. Kirk - who had always considered himself an
explorer throught the original series - is a war veteran with all a veteran's
attitudes and prejudices. There is an extreme shift in his attitude toward
Klingons between STAR TREK V and STAR TREK VI that can only be accounted for
by protracted and bloody confict.

It is fairly clear that the Federation and Empire weren't at war at the time
of STAR TREK VI: Brigadier Kern makes reference to a treaty. It's also clear
from the attitudes of all concerned that the war isn't long in the past.
It's unlikely to have ended more than three years previously, since that's
how long Sulu and the Excelsior had been cataloging gaseous planetary bodies
in Beta Quadrant.

The war probably ended in stalemate circa 2298. No doubt the Klingons had
counted on the Romulans to take their side. The Romulans probably acted in
typical Romulan fashion: they did nothing, waiting for the two superpowers to
weaken themselves to the point where the Romulans could simply pick up the
pieces and take over.

While STAR TREK VI marks the end of Sulu's first tour of duty as the
EXCELSIOR's commander, it's hard to imagine that he wasn't Captain of at
least one other, smaller vessel in the interim. Starfleet must have been
hard-pressed for command-grade officers during the war, and it seems unlikely
they'd give command of their newest, most advanced vessel to a totally
untried Captain. Sulu was first promoted five or six years after STAR TREK
V, circa 2291. He was posted to the EXCELSIOR in 2297.

According to the Federation President, the evacuation of the Klingon planet
Kronos (apparently the Empire's homeworld) would require fifty years,
estimating completion in 2350. In the interim, the Romulans would attempt to
undermine the growing alliance in a number of ways.

The Federation severed diplomatic relations with the Romulan Empire following
the Tomar Incident, a battle which cost "thousands of lives" (mentioned in
"The Neutral Zone").

The USS ENTERPRISE (NCC-1701-C) battled four Romulan warships while defending
the Klingon colony Nirendra III in 2344 ("Yesterday's Enterprise"). While
the ENTERPRISE herself was apparently destroyed, the Romulans were able to
take a number of prisoners. This included a temporally-displaced Tasha Yar
from an alternate future timeline. With a Romulan General, Tasha was to have
a child named Sela who would later become a high-ranking Romulan officer.

The courage of ENTERPRISE-C impressed the Narendar III survivors. As a
direct result of this battle, Federation/Klingon negotiations (already in
progress according to Lieutenant Castille) entered a new level. Plans for a
close alliance were solidified.

The Federation/Klingon Alliance became a reality circa 2347 following the
dissolution of the Klingon/Romulan alliance (which had surprisingly lasted
since 2267 ["The Enterprise Incident"]). This was due to the continued
brazen Romulan attacks on Klingon outposts, not the least of which had been
Nirendra III. The Romulans even attacked such bases as Khitomer, destroyed
in 2346 with the aid of a Klingon traitor. Only a handful survived, one of
which was future Lieutenant Worf of the Enterprise ("Sins of the Father").
The choice of Khitomer was obviously deliberate: it was the site of the first
peace talks between the Federation and the Klingons in 2300.

Not long after STAR TREK VI, another future ENTERPRISE commander was born.
According to a graphic glimpsed in "Conundrum", Jean-Luc Picard was born on
July 13, 2305. This would make him 63 in July of 2368, midway through TNG's
fifth season. While this doesn't necessarily agree with his physical
appearance, we know that 24th century medical technology kept McCoy alive
until at least the age of 137. Even if McCoy is an exceptional case, the
average life expectancy in the 24th century must be approximately 125.
Compared to today's life expectancy of approximately 80, Picard is
functionally in his forties.

We know the Academy admits students at the age of 16 and that Picard failed
his first Academy entrance test at that age ("Coming of Age"). He failed the
entrance axam for the 2321/2322 academic year and was admitted a year later
in the 2322/2323 fall semester. He graduated in 2327. This is supported by
Picard's explicit statement to Boothby in "First Duty".

In 2330 - not long after his graduation - Ensign Picard became involved in a
barrom brawl with a trio of Norsicons. The brawl resulted in Picard's heart
being punctured and required a parthogenetic replacement.

This brawl clearly didn't impair Picard's career. By 2335, he had been
promoted to Lieutenant (probably Junior Grade) and attended the wedding of a
son of Sarek.

There's no evidence that Sarek had any sons other than Spock and Sybok.
Sybok had been dead since 2286. Therefore, this wedding must have been
Spock's. The wedding must have been a human-style gathering rather than the
Vulcan Koon-ut-kal-if-fee seen in "Amok Time" for several reasons. The
first, and most glaring, is that Picard didn't meet Spock at the wedding.
Their first meeting was clearly in "Unification". If Picard had attended
Koon-ut-kal-if-fee, he couldn't have helped but meet Spock.

What became of Spock's wife? By 2368 (33 years later) Spock clearly has no
marital ties or he couldn't have remained on Romulus. We'll probably never
know anything about her.

On April 9, 2342, Picard (at age 37) stood up the future Jenise Manheim while
she waited for him at the Cafe des Artistes in Paris, France. This probably
marked Picard's promotion to Captain of the USS STARGAZER ("We'll Always Have

13 years later, in 2355, the STARGAZER was attacked by unidentified pirates
(later discovered to have been Ferengi. The vessel was abandoned, eventually
to be recovered in 2364 ("The Battle").

There are some less pertinent data about the STAR TREK universe that can be
gathered from direct statements in the series. For example, in 1,741,647 BC,
"The Makers" - a race of beings from the Andromeda galaxy - left a colony in
our galaxy populated entirely by androids ("I, Mudd"). Harcourt Fenton Mudd
discovered the colony in 2265 AD while fleeing prosecution.

Not long afterward (in approximately 1,000,000 BC), the Slaver Empire fell
following massive warfare ("The Slaver Weapon"). Intelligent life in many
parts of the galaxy was decimated.

Approximately 50,000 BC, Bele and Lokai of Cheron began an incredibly long
chase through the galaxy ("Let That Be Your Last Battlefield"). Bele
eventually caught up with Lokai aboard the Enterprise-Prime in 2267 AD.

Approximately 7500 BC, Fabrina went nova ("For the World is Hollow and I Have
Touched the Sky"). Their colony ship, Yonada, was located by the
Enterprise-Prime in 2267 AD.

In 3834 BC a Mesopotamian footsoldier named Akharin was born. Due to an
unusual genetic quirk, Akharin's body could regenerate itself very quickly
from almost any affliction or injury. Additionally, Akharin didn't age
beyond approximately 45 years old. Between 3834 BC and 2267 AD ("Requiem for
Methuselah"), Akharin was a number of famous personages, including Johannes
Brahmes and Leonardo DaVinci.

Many other pre-spaceflight references abound in Star Trek. We have
endeavored to list as many as possible in the accompanying timeline.

Colonel Sean Geoffrey Christopher led a Terran expedition to Saturn at some
point. We can only estimate the exact date given the fact that he was born
some point following the Enterprise's encounter with his father in 1969
("Tomorrow is Yesterday").

Atomic weapons were used in some type of war circa the mid-21st century. We
cannot be certain when, but references to the Post Atomic Horror in
"Encounter at Farpoint" make it clear it was prior to 2079. It is likely
that Colonel Green (one of the characters from Terran history from "The
Savage Curtain") was involved in some way.

The development of Impulse Drive was in approximately 2017. Marla McGivers
stated in "Space Seed" that sleeper ships were necessary because of long
interplanetary travel times prior to that year.

Zephram Cochrane was born in 2017. According to the ST:TNG TECHNICAL MANUAL,
his research team developed the first Warp Drive in 2061. When in his
eighties, Cochrane disappeared in a warp-driven spaceship. In 2266, Cochrane
was found by the crew of the ENTERPRISE shuttlecraft Galileo

The United States of America had 52 states between the years 2053 and 2079
("The Royale"). What those additional states were is unknown.

The exploratory ship Charybdis was launched on July 23, 2067 under the
command of Colonel Stephen Ritchie. Her fate was also revealed in "The

Nimbus III was established in approximately 2268. Caithlin Dar stated it was
"twenty years" prior to TREK V. It must have been after 2266, since prior to
that no Federation member had ever seen a Romulan ("Balance of Terror"). It
also seems likely to have been following the establishment of the
Klingon/Romulan alliance (2267 - "The Enterprise Incident"), since this was
the period during which all three governments shared the most cordial
relations in their repective histories.

As is often the case in science fiction, actual history has proven future
history inaccurate. Consider: in "Space Seed", Spock states that from 1992
to 1996, Khan Noonian Singh was absolute ruler of more than one-quarter of
the planet Earth. The events leading up to the Eugenics Wars alluded to in
that episode have not - and clearly will not - take place. As is easily
observable, there are no genetic supermen running around in present-day 1992.

Contrastingly, there are many areas when the future history has proven
correct. Whether a galactic Federation of STAR TREK proportions is possible
in a mere three or four centuries is certainly debatable. As bleak as events
look for humanity's survival for then next century, we prefer not to count
the species out just yet.

- William Stone & Allan Finkas
April, 1992

  3 Responses to “Category : Various Text files
Archive   : TRKLN519.ZIP
Filename : TRKLN5-2.TXT

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: