Category : Various Text files
Archive   : NLM-INFO.ZIP
Filename : TSD.TXT

 
Output of file : TSD.TXT contained in archive : NLM-INFO.ZIP
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
National Library of Medicine
MARCH 1993

TECHNICAL SERVICES DIVISION

Functions

The Technical Services Division (TSD):

ù Formulates, implements, and evaluates NLM collection development
policies;

ù Selects, acquires, and processes modern books, journals, documents,
and nonprint materials in the field of biomedicine;

ù Produces and maintains processing and cataloging records and the
official catalog for the NLM collection; and

ù Provides original cataloging and other bibliographic services to the
biomedical library community.

Collection Development

The Technical Services Division coordinates the development and
review of policies and guidelines for building, preserving, and
weeding the NLM collection as described in the Collection Development
Manual of the National Library of Medicine. The Chief, TSD is also
responsible for the periodic review and revision of the Manual. New
editions are published every few years to reflect shifting emphases
in health care, advances in medical research, and new formats.
Occasional updates of the Manual, especially those with broad policy
implications, are issued as supplements between editions. A new
edition is scheduled for publication in 1993.

To monitor the effectiveness of NLM's acquisitions program, the
office of the Chief, TSD oversees an ongoing program for collection
assessment and evaluation. NLM coordinates its collection
development policies and retention practices with those of the
Library of Congress (LC) and the National Agricultural Library (NAL).
From time to time collecting policy statements are issued with one
or both of the other national libraries.

Selection and Acquisition

The Selection and Acquisition Section selects and acquires modern print
and nonprint biomedical monographs and other materials published
throughout the world in more than 70 languages. New materials are
selected by NLM librarians or acquired through approval plan
arrangements with domestic and foreign book vendors, exchange
agreements, and the Library of Congress overseas acquisitions programs.

The Section processes approximately 20,000 items annually for possible
addition to the NLM collection, monitors the Library's literature budget
of approximately four million dollars, and participates in a variety of
collection assessment efforts.

To manage these activities, the Selection and Acquisition Section
maintains several machine-readable online files: INPROC, which tracks
the status of print monographic items from the time of order through the
completion of technical processing; and AVBIB, a similar file for
monitoring in-process audiovisuals and computer software.

Cataloging

The Cataloging Section is responsible for the descriptive and subject
cataloging and classification of modern printed, audiovisual and
computer software materials acquired for the NLM collection.

The Cataloging Section maintains NLM's machine-readable online
bibliographic and authorities databases which are available to network
libraries on NLM's online services network.

ù CATLINE_ (Cataloging Online) provides access to authoritative NLM
cataloging data for incunabula and printed books and serials published
since the 16th century.

ù AVLINE_ (Audiovisuals Online) provides access to authoritative
bibliographic data for nonprint materials in the health sciences
cataloged by NLM since 1975.

ù NLM's Name Authority File_ is an online authority list for personal
names, corporate names, meeting names, uniform titles, and series
decisions used by the National Library of Medicine. It is designed
to enable catalogers to verify the proper form of entry for names and
series and to obtain information on cross references and histories of
names.

In addition to online access, NLM cataloging data are available in
printed catalogs. The NLM Current Catalog of printed materials is
issued quarterly and cumulated annually. Citations for audiovisuals and
software are published in the quarterly NLM Audiovisuals Catalog.1 The
Section maintains and develops the NLM Classification, which is a scheme
for the shelf arrangement of medical literature in libraries. These
publications are sold by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office.

CATLINE and AVLINE data are also available in the USMARC communications
format on a tape subscription basis.

Serial Records

The Serial Records Section is responsible for selecting, acquiring, and
processing all serials received by NLM. There are approximately 22,000
active serial titles in the NLM collectionÄincluding journals, serial
indexing and abstracting tools, annual reports, and serial government
documents.

A Master Serials System provides computerized control over NLM's serial
procurement, subscriptions, serial gaps (issues and volumes missing from
the collection), check-in, preservation and binding. Products from this
machine-readable system include SERLINE_, an online database containing
bibliographic and location information for over 80,000 serial titles;
and Health Sciences Serials, a quarterly microfiche edition of SERLINE.
These tools are used by biomedical libraries throughout the country for
identifying and locating serials for interlibrary loan. Authority
information for titles indexed for MEDLARS_ is also maintained as part
of the Master Serials System. This information provides the journal
title abbreviation to each MEDLINE_ citation and is used to produce the
printed List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus, and the List of
Serials Indexed for Online Users.

The Section is also responsible for coordinating the development and
maintenance of SERHOLD, NLM's national biomedical serials holdings
database. SERHOLD data are used in connection with DOCLINE_, NLM's
automated interlibrary loan request and referral system, to route
interlibrary loan requests automatically among participating health
science libraries. In addition, the data are used for the generation
of union list products at the regional, state, and local level and for
the analysis of biomedical serials collections.

Cooperative Programs

The Technical Services Division:

ù Coordinates collection development policies and retention practices
with other national libraries;

ù Conducts programs for international exchange of publications;

ù Enters new serials cataloging information into the CONSER (Cooperative
Online Serials Program) database via the OCLC (Online Computer Library
Center) system. CONSER is an international effort to build and
maintain a machine-readable bibliographic database for serials. NLM's
CONSER records are available to users of OCLC and other bibliographic
utilities such as the Research Libraries Information Network (RLIN)
and the Western Library Network (WLN).

ù Participates in the CONSER Abstracting and Indexing Project (A&I),
updating the CONSER database with information to show which journal
titles are indexed in NLM's databases;

ù Participates in the National Serials Data Program (NSDP) which
establishes a key title and assigns the International Standard Serial
Number (ISSN) for each new U.S. serial title;

ù Contributes name authority records used in NLM cataloging to the
Library of Congress for the National Coordinated Cataloging Operations
(NACO);

ù Participates in the Cataloging-in-Publication (CIP) Program with the
Library of Congress in which books are cataloged from galley proofs
and the cataloging information is printed in the books at the time of
publication; and

ù Conducts a CIP program for audiovisuals with U.S. producers of
nonprint material in the health sciences.

For further information write: Chief Technical Services Division,
National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894
Phone: (301) 496-6133.



1 The National Library of Medicine Current Catalog and the NLM
Audiovisuals Catalog will not be published after 1993.



  3 Responses to “Category : Various Text files
Archive   : NLM-INFO.ZIP
Filename : TSD.TXT

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

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