Category : Various Text files
Archive   : NLM-INFO.ZIP
Filename : GRATEFUL.TXT

 
Output of file : GRATEFUL.TXT contained in archive : NLM-INFO.ZIP
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH
National Library of Medicine
JANUARY 1993
Grateful Med

Thousands of new books and articles in biomedicine are published
every month. How can a health professional or investigator easily
locate literature relevant to a particular area of patient care or
research?

Since the early 1970's, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) has
made searching the biomedical literature faster and easier by
providing online information retrieval on the MEDLARS_, (MEDical
Literature Analysis and Retrieval System) family of databases.
MEDLINE_ - NLM's premier database - has over 7 million citations to
biomedical articles and is searched more than eighteen thousand times
a day.

In order to make searching even easier and provide a user-friendly
way to use the MEDLARS system, NLM, in 1986, developed a software
package called Grateful Med_. The simplicity and efficiency of
searching with Grateful Med have made it immensely popular -more than
50,000 copies of the software have been sold since its introduction.

Grateful Med is available for the IBM PC or compatible personal
computers (Version 6.0, released in May 1992) and for Apple Macintosh
computers (Version 2.0, released in spring 1993).

Document Ordering

The "Loansome Doc" feature of Grateful Med can be used to order full-
text articles you select from the references you retrieve in your
searches. This feature is made available by a medical library in your
region with which you set up an agreement for this service.

How it works

To begin your search, Grateful Med provides an input screen for the
database you choose to search and helps you select appropriate search
terms. (You may enter terms of your own choosing or browse and select
from over 16,000 terms from NLM's controlled vocabulary known as MeSH_
(Medical Subject Headings). Any combination of terms may be selected.

You then construct your search by entering relevant terms or perhaps an
author's name or both. Terms selected from the MeSH display will be
automatically transferred to the Input Form Screen as shown in the
example below. Once the terms have been selected, you decide whether
or not to retrieve author-generated abstracts (available with 65% of
MEDLINE citations), and finally instruct Grateful Med to run the search.
(The cost of using Grateful Med tends to be low in part because
selecting the search terms is done before connecting to the NLM
computer.)

Grateful Med will then connect to the NLM computer and transmit the
search commands. After it connects to the NLM host computer which
carries the databases, it runs the search and downloads the resulting
citations onto your computer disk. You can stop the downloading of
references at any time.

After downloading is finished, and you are no longer connected to the
NLM computer, Grateful Med presents each citation for review. The
citation includes the authors' names, the title of the article, and
information about the source of the article (journal, volume, date, page
numbers, etc.). The abstracts (if you selected to retrieve them) and
the MeSH subject headings may also be displayed. Citations selected as
relevant can be printed on a printer, or written to a file which you
designate. Grateful Med can also analyze the citations selected as
relevant and suggest terms from MeSH that may be helpful for future
searches.

Hardware/Software Requirements

Grateful Med requires:

IBM PC or compatible

Ä 512K RAM available (640K recommended)
Ä DOS 3.0 or higher
Ä 1.9 - 2.4 MB of free hard disk space
Ä Hayes_ SmartModem_ or fully compatible modem, or direct access to
Internet, or a Novell_ communications server

Macintosh

Ä Any of the Apple Macintosh computers with at least 1 MB RAM
Ä System 6.0.4 or higher
Ä Hayes_ SmartModem_ or fully compatible modem, or access to Internet
using MacTCP


Other requirements
In order to access the MEDLARS system using Grateful Med a user must
have a User ID code and password on the MEDLARS system. One method of
obtaining a User ID code and password is to use the application system
available on the Grateful Med Bulletin Board. Grateful Med can connect
you automatically or you can set your own telecommunications software
for 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and parity=none and dial 1-800-525-5756.
(Please do NOT use the Bulletin Board to request a User ID code if you
have already submitted or plan to submit the printed form of the
application.) An application form for the User ID code and password is
included with Grateful Med or you can request an application form by
contacting:

MEDLARS Management Section
National Library of Medicine
8600 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20894
Tel: 1-800-638-8480

If you decide to use the printed form, the application should be
completed and mailed to the MEDLARS Management Section. The processing
of this application takes approximately one week from receipt. You will
be sent the User ID code and password as well as a list of network phone
numbers from which you can select local access numbers.

Used as a teaching tool in schools

Many medical, nursing, and dental schools have introduced classes in
information retrieval incorporating Grateful Med as a literature-
searching tool. The National Library of Medicine will provide access
to MEDLARS searching for students at reduced rates.

Attention Systems Designers

Grateful Med includes a "Search Engine" which will permit those who are
creating customized information systems or artificial intelligence
programs to include the Grateful Med search capability.

For example, an artificial intelligence information system developed at
NLM (AI/RHEUM) utilizes the Grateful Med search engine in its software
to automatically retrieve references and abstracts pertinent to the
question at hand.

Costs

With the exception of CHEMLINE_ and TOXLIT_, all databases accessible by
Grateful Med are charged at the rate of about $18/hour. The average cost
of a Grateful Med search of these files is between 1 and 2 dollars.

Because NLM pays royalties for the use of data in CHEMLINE and TOXLIT,
the charge for access to these databases is considerably higher.

How to Order

Grateful Med is sold in the United States and Canada by the National
Technical Information Service for $29.95 pre-paid. Non-prepaid orders,
purchase orders, etc., require $7.50 extra. Orders for Grateful Med may
be placed to National Technical Information Service using the Grateful
Med Bulletin Board (number provided above.) A User's Guide and an
application form for a User ID code to MEDLARS is also included in the
package. Each copy comes with a separate tutorial program called "How
To" which provides interactive instruction in computerized literature
searching with Grateful Med. To order, write or call:

National Technical Information Service
U.S. Department of Commerce
5285 Port Royal Road
Springfield, VA 22161
Tel: (703) 487-4650

Order number for IBM version:
PB92-105444/GBB

Order number for Macintosh version:
PB93-502433

(Phone orders will be accepted for credit card or deposit account orders
only.)

If you have questions about the Grateful Med program, please contact
MEDLARS Management Section (see phone number and address above).

Databases Available:

A Grateful Med user can select from a number of databases to search:

AIDSDRUGS

Subject: Substances being tested in AIDS-related clinical trials
Type: Factual
Coverage: English language; potential AIDS-related therapeutics
Updates: Monthly; the file contains over 100 records
AIDSLINE_ (AIDS Information onLINE)

Subject: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and related topics
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: All languages; publications from 1980 to present
Updates: Weekly, with about 1,000 new citations added each month; the
file contains about 68,000 records

Document Types: Journal articles, government reports, letters, technical
reports, meeting abstracts/papers, monographs, special publications,
theses, books and audiovisuals

AIDSTRIALS (AIDS Clinical TRIALS)

Subject: Clinical trials of substances being tested for use against
AIDS, AIDS-related complex (ARC), AIDS-related opportunistic diseases,
and HIV infection
Type: Factual and referral
Coverage: Active and closed trials
Updates: Biweekly; the file contains over 400 records

AVLINE_ (AudioVisuals onLINE)

Subject: Biomedical audiovisual materials and computer software
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: Primarily English language items from the United States; all
audiovisuals and computer software cataloged by NLM since 1975
Updates: Weekly; the file contains about 24,000 records.
Formats: Motion pictures, videocassettes, slide/cassette programs,
filmstrip/cassette programs, and computer software

BIOETHICSLINE_ (BIOETHICS onLINE)

Subject: Ethics and related public policy issues in health care and
biomedical research
Type: Bibliographic citations
Updates: Bimonthly, with about 3,000 new citations added each year; the
file contains about 35,000 records
Document Types: Journal articles, monographs, analytics (chapters in
monographs), newspaper articles, court decisions, bills, laws,
audiovisual materials, and unpublished documents

CANCERLIT_ (CANCER LITerature)

Subject: Major cancer topics
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: Primarily English language items. Comprehensive and
international scope since 1976; some citations were published as early
as 1963
Updates: Monthly, with about 7,000 new citations added each month; the
file contains about 900,000 records
Document Types: Journal articles, government reports, technical reports,
meeting abstracts and papers, monographs, letters, and theses

CATLINE_ (CATalog onLINE)

Subject: Bibliographic records covering the biomedical sciences
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: All languages; virtually all of the cataloged titles in the
NLM collection, from the fifteenth century to the present
Updates: Weekly. The file contains about 700,000 records
Document Types: Primarily monographs, but also includes records for
serials, monographic series, audiovisual series and manuscripts

ChemID_ (CHEMical IDentification)

Subject: Dictionary of chemicals
Type: Factual
Updates: Quarterly; the file contains about 268,000 records

CHEMLINE_ (CHEMical dictionary onLINE)

Subject: Dictionary of chemicals
Type: Factual
Updates: Bimonthly. The file contains about 1.1 million records

Clinical Alerts

Findings from NIH-funded clinical trials are released periodically as
Clinical Alerts. When a Clinical Alert has recently been released
Grateful Med will notify you after completing your search. You may then
instruct Grateful Med to connect to the NLM computer to retrieve a
summary of the Alert. Clinical Alerts are stored in a new database
called ALERT. Full-text copies of Clinical Alerts can also be ordered
using Loansome Doc.

DIRLINE_ (Directory of Information Resources onLINE)
Subject: Directory of organizations providing information services
Type: Referral
Coverage: Primarily the United States, with some coverage of
international organizations
Updates: Quarterly; the file contains about 14,000 records

HEALTH (HEALTH planning & administrations)
Subject: Non-clinical aspects of health care delivery
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: Primarily English, and some French and German language items;
publications from 1975 to the present
Updates: Monthly, with about 5,000 new citations added each month; the
file contains about 625,000 records
Document Types: Primarily journal articles

MEDLINE_ (MEDlars onLINE)
Subject: Biomedicine
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: All languages; publications from 1966 to the present. Recent
references are contained in the current file (MEDLINE); segmented
backfiles (currently BACK85, BACK80, BACK75, and BACK 66) contain older
material.
Updates: Weekly, January through October and monthly, November and
December; about 30,000 new citations are added each month. The file
contains about 7 million records. The citations for each monthly update
are also searchable in a separate file called SDILINE_ (Selective
Dissemination of Information onLINE) for those who need only the most
recent literature.
Document Types: Articles from more than 3,600 international biomedical
journals (some chapters and articles from selected monographs are found
in earlier years).

PDQ_ (Physician Data Query)
Subject: Advances in cancer treatment and clinical trials
Type: Factual and referral
Coverage: United States, Canada, and Western Europe; current
Updates: Monthly

SDILINE_ (Selective Dissemination of Information onLINE)
Subject: Biomedicine
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: All languages. Contains citations from the most recent
complete month in MEDLINE, including all citations in the forthcoming
printed edition of the monthly Index Medicus.
Updates: Monthly, with about 30,000 new citations each month
Document Types: Bibliographic citations to journal articles from
approximately 3,600 biomedical journals published in the United States
and abroad

SERLINE_ (SERials onLINE)
Subject: Biomedical serial titles
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: All languages; serials published from 1665 to the present
Updates: Monthly. The file contains about 79,000 records

TOXLINE_ (TOXicology Information onLINE)
Subject: Toxicological, pharmacological, biochemical and physiological
effects of drugs and other chemicals
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: Primarily English language items; international coverage. The
database has been segmented: pre-1965 to 1980 material is found in
TOXLINE65, and 1981-forward citations are found in the TOXLINE file.
Updates: Monthly, with about 10,000 new citations added each month; the
file contains about 1.8 million records
Document Types: Journal articles, monographs, technical reports, theses,
letters, and meeting abstracts, papers and reports

TOXLIT_ (TOXicology LITerature from special sources)
Subject: Toxicological, pharmacological, biochemical, and physiological
effects of drugs and other chemicals
Type: Bibliographic citations
Coverage: Primarily English language items; international coverage. The
database has been segmented: pre-1965 to 1980 citations are found in
TOXLIT65, and 1981-forward citations are found in the TOXLIT file.
Updates: Monthly, with about 10,000 new citations added each month; the
file contains about 1.65 million records

Document Types: Journal articles, meeting papers, monographs, patents,
TOXNET_ (TOXicology data NETwork). As part of the MEDLARS system,
TOXNET is a computerized collection of files on toxicology, hazardous
chemicals and related areas. TOXNET files currently accessible with
Grateful Med include:

CCRIS (Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System)
Subject: Chemical carcinogens, mutagens, tumor promoters, and tumor
inhibitors
Type: Factual
Updates: Continuous; the file contains over 3,600 records

HSDB_ (Hazardous Substances Data Bank)
Subject: Hazardous chemicals; toxic effects, environmental fate, safety
and handling
Type: Factual
Coverage: Data is derived from a core set of standard texts and
monographs, government documents, technical reports and the primary
journal literature.
Updates: Continuous; the file contains about 4,400 records

RTECS_ (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances)
Subject: Potentially toxic chemicals
Type: Factual
Updates: Quarterly; the file contains about 115,000 records

TRI (Toxic chemical Release Inventory) series

Subject: Annual estimated releases of toxic chemicals to the environment
and amounts transferred to waste sites
Type: Factual
Coverage: Currently, industrial submissions to EPA for the reporting
years 1987, 1988, 1989 and 1990
Updates: New file added annually; TRI87 contains about 80,000 records;
TRI88 contains about 87,000 records; TRI89 contains about 86,000
records, TRI90 contains about 84,000 records.


  3 Responses to “Category : Various Text files
Archive   : NLM-INFO.ZIP
Filename : GRATEFUL.TXT

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/