Dec 312017
 
National Information Highway bill before Congress.

Full Description of File


National Information Infrastructure
and H.R. 1757 This important file contains
the information regarding the National
Information Highway and accompaning
federal legislation.All users are encouraged
to read and dissmeninate this file.
To email your comments you are asked to
address your comments and thoughts
to [email protected] or [email protected]
















File MIIAGEND.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category Various Text files
National Information Highway bill before Congress.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
FILE_ID.DIZ 386 225 deflated
HR1757.TXT 57720 14893 deflated
NIIAGEND.ASC 101168 29601 deflated

Download File MIIAGEND.ZIP Here

Contents of the HR1757.TXT file



FULL TEXT OF BILLS

103RD CONGRESS; 1ST SESSION
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
AS REPORTED IN THE HOUSE

H. R. 1757

To provide for a coordinated Federal program to accelerate development
and dissemination of applications of high-performance computing and
high-speed networking, and for other purposes.

JULY 15, 1993


Introduced by: Mr. BOUCHER (for himself, Mr. BOEHLERT, Mr. BROWN of California, Mr.
VALENTINE, Mr. TRAFICANT, Mr. HAYES, Mr. BACCHUS of Florida, Mr. CRAMER,
Mr. BARCIA, Mr. KLEIN, Mr. FINGERHUT, Mr. MCHALE, Ms. ESHOO, Ms. EDDIE
BERNICE JOHNSON of Texas, Mr. HINCHEY, Mr. COLEMAN, Mr. WISE, Mr.
BLACKWELL, and Mr. KANJORSKI) introduced the following bill; which was
referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology


TEXT:
Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic
For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on April 21, 1993
-------------------------------------

A BILL
To provide for a coordinated Federal program to accelerate development
and dissemination of applications of high-performance computing and
high-speed networking, and for other purposes.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the "National Information Infrastructure Act
of 1993".

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
The Congress finds that-
(1) high-performance computing and high-speed networks have proven
to be powerful tools for improving America's national security,
industrial competitiveness, research capabilities, and ability to
make a wide array of information available for a variety of
applications;
(2) Federal programs, such as the High-Performance Computing
Program and National Research and Education Network established by
Congress in 1991, are vital to the maintenance of United States
leadership in high-performance computing and high-speed network
development, particularly in the defense and research sectors;
(3) high-performance computing and high-speed networking have the
potential to expand dramatically access to information in many
fields, including education, libraries, government information
dissemination, and health care, if adequate resources are devoted to
the research and development activities needed to do so;
(4) high-performance computing and high-speed networking have the
potential to expand opportunities for participation for Americans
who have disabilities and to improve equality of opportunity, full
participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for
Americans with disabilities;
(5) the Federal Government should ensure that the applications
achieved through research and development efforts such as the
High-Performance Computing Program directly benefit all Americans;
(6) the Federal Government should stimulate the development of
computing and networking applications and support wider access to
network resources so that the benefits of applications so developed
can reach the intended users throughout the Nation, including users
with disabilities; and
(7) a coordinated, interagency undertaking is needed to identify
and promote applications of computing and networking advances
developed by the High-Performance Computing Program which will
provide large economic and social benefits to the Nation, including
new tools for teaching, the creation of digital libraries of
electronic information, the development of standards and protocols
to make the stores of government information readily accessible by
electronic means, and computer systems to improve the delivery of
health care.

SEC. 3. APPLICATIONS OF THE HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING PROGRAM.
The High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 is amended by adding at the
end the following new title:
"TITLE III-APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTING AND NETWORKING
"SEC. 301. ESTABLISHMENT OF APPLICATIONS PROGRAM.
"(a) ESTABLISHMENT.-THE DIRECTOR, THROUGH THE FEDERAL COORDINATING
COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY, SHALL, IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THIS TITLE-
"(1) ESTABLISH A COORDINATED INTERAGENCY APPLICATIONS PROGRAM TO
DEVELOP APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTING AND NETWORKING ADVANCES ACHIEVED
UNDER THE PROGRAM DESCRIBED IN SECTION 101, THAT ARE DESIGNED TO BE
ACCESSIBLE AND USABLE BY ALL PERSONS IN THE UNITED STATES, INCLUDING
HISTORICALLY UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES, IN THE FIELDS OF EDUCATION, LIBRARIES, HEALTH CARE,
THE PROVISION OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, AND OTHER APPROPRIATE
FIELDS; AND
"(2) DEVELOP A PLAN FOR COMPUTING AND NETWORKING APPLICATIONS
(HEREAFTER IN THIS TITLE REFERRED TO AS THE 'PLAN') DESCRIBING THE
GOALS AND PROPOSED ACTIVITIES OF THE APPLICATIONS PROGRAM
ESTABLISHED UNDER PARAGRAPH (1), TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE
RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON HIGH-PERFORMANCE
COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS ESTABLISHED UNDER SECTION 101(B).
THE PRESIDENT SHALL DESIGNATE THE FEDERAL AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS WHICH
SHALL PARTICIPATE IN THE APPLICATIONS PROGRAM ESTABLISHED UNDER
PARAGRAPH (1). THE APPLICATIONS PROGRAM MAY BE ADMINISTERED AS PART OF
THE PROGRAM ESTABLISHED UNDER SECTION 101.
"(B) COLLABORATION WITH NON-FEDERAL ENTITIES.-TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT
POSSIBLE, THE APPLICATIONS PROGRAM SHALL INVOLVE COST SHARING AND
PARTNERSHIPS AMONG PARTICIPATING FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES, STATE
AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, AND PRIVATE SECTOR ENTITIES.
"(C) INTEROPERABLE INFORMATION SYSTEMS.-IN SELECTING PROJECTS FOR
SUPPORT UNDER THIS TITLE, SPECIAL CONSIDERATION SHALL BE GIVEN TO
PROJECTS WHICH WILL PROMOTE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERCONNECTED AND
INTEROPERABLE INFORMATION SYSTEMS.
"(d) NONDEVELOPMENTAL ITEMS.-IN CARRYING OUT ACTIVITIES UNDER THIS
ACT, FEDERAL DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SHALL PURCHASE NONDEVELOPMENTAL
ITEMS WHENEVER POSSIBLE.
"SEC. 302. PLAN FOR COMPUTING AND NETWORKING APPLICATIONS.
"(a) REQUIREMENT.-THE PLAN SHALL CONTAIN A STATEMENT OF STEPS WHICH
SHOULD BE TAKEN TO IMPLEMENT THE APPLICATIONS PROGRAM ESTABLISHED UNDER
SECTION 301(A)(1) FOR THE FISCAL YEAR IN WHICH THE PLAN IS SUBMITTED AND
THE SUCCEEDING FOUR FISCAL YEARS, AND SHALL BE SUBMITTED TO THE CONGRESS
WITHIN ONE YEAR AFTER THE DATE OF ENACTMENT OF THIS TITLE. THE PLAN
SHALL BE REVISED AND RESUBMITTED TO THE CONGRESS AT LEAST ONCE EACH TWO
YEARS THEREAFTER.
"(B) CONTENTS.-THE PLAN SHALL-
"(1) establish the goals and priorities for the applications
program established under section 301(a)(1), consistent with this
Act;
"(2) set forth the specific responsibilities of each Federal
agency and department participating in the applications program
established under section 301(a)(1) to achieve the goals and
priorities established under paragraph (1) of this subsection; and
"(3) describe the recommended levels of Federal funding required
for each agency and department to carry out the specific
responsibilities set forth in paragraph (2) of this subsection.
"(c) PROGRESS IN IMPLEMENTING PLAN.-(1) ACCOMPANYING THE INITIAL
SUBMISSION OF THE PLAN SHALL BE-
"(A) A SUMMARY OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF FEDERAL EFFORTS DURING THE
PRECEDING FISCAL YEAR TO DEVELOP COMPUTING AND NETWORKING
APPLICATIONS AND TO ADVANCE THE TECHNOLOGIES ON WHICH THE
APPLICATIONS DEPEND; AND
"(B) ANY RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING ADDITIONAL ACTION OR
LEGISLATION WHICH MAY BE REQUIRED TO ASSIST IN IMPLEMENTING THE
PLAN.
"(2) ACCOMPANYING EACH SUBSEQUENT SUBMISSION OF THE PLAN SHALL BE-
"(A) A SUMMARY OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF FEDERAL EFFORTS SINCE THE
PREVIOUS SUBMISSION OF THE PLAN TO DEVELOP COMPUTING AND NETWORKING
APPLICATIONS AND TO ADVANCE THE TECHNOLOGIES ON WHICH THE
APPLICATIONS DEPEND, INCLUDING AN ESTIMATE OF THE NUMBER AND THE
DEMOGRAPHIC DIVERSITY OF USERS SERVED IN EACH APPLICATION;
"(B) AN EVALUATION OF THE PROGRESS MADE TOWARD ACHIEVING THE GOALS
AND PRIORITIES ESTABLISHED UNDER SUBSECTION (B)(1);
"(C) A SUMMARY OF PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN IMPLEMENTING THE PLAN;
AND
"(D) ANY RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING ADDITIONAL ACTION OR
LEGISLATION WHICH MAY BE REQUIRED TO ASSIST IN IMPLEMENTING THE
PLAN.
"SEC. 303. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FEDERAL COORDINATING COUNCIL FOR
SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND TECHNOLOGY.
"The Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and
Technology shall-
"(1) develop the Plan as provided in section 301(a)(2);
"(2) coordinate the activities of Federal agencies and departments
undertaken pursuant to the Plan and report at least annually to the
President, through the Chairman of the Council, on any recommended
changes in agency or departmental roles that are needed better to
implement the Plan; and
"(3) assess, prior to the President's submission to the Congress
of the annual budget estimate, each agency and departmental budget
estimate for consistency with the Plan and make the results of that
assessment available to the appropriate elements of the Executive
Office of the President, particularly the Office of Management and
Budget.
"SEC. 304. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT.
"(a) REQUIREMENT.-EACH FEDERAL AGENCY AND DEPARTMENT DESIGNATED BY THE
PRESIDENT UNDER SECTION 301(A) AS A PARTICIPANT IN THE APPLICATIONS
PROGRAM SHALL, AS PART OF ITS ANNUAL REQUEST FOR APPROPRIATIONS TO THE
OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET-
"(1) IDENTIFY EACH ELEMENT OF ITS ACTIVITIES WHICH-
"(A) CONTRIBUTES PRIMARILY TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN;
OR
"(B) CONTRIBUTES PRIMARILY TO THE ACHIEVEMENT OF OTHER
OBJECTIVES BUT AIDS PLAN IMPLEMENTATION IN IMPORTANT WAYS; AND
"(2) IDENTIFY THE PORTION OF ITS REQUEST FOR APPROPRIATIONS THAT
IS ALLOCATED TO EACH SUCH ELEMENT.
"(B) OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET REVIEW.-THE OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT
AND BUDGET SHALL REVIEW EACH SUBMISSION RECEIVED UNDER THIS SECTION IN
LIGHT OF THE GOALS, PRIORITIES, AND AGENCY AND DEPARTMENTAL
RESPONSIBILITIES SET FORTH IN THE PLAN. THE PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL BUDGET
REQUEST SHALL INCLUDE A STATEMENT OF THE PORTION OF EACH APPROPRIATE
AGENCY OR DEPARTMENT'S ANNUAL BUDGET REQUEST THAT IS ALLOCATED TO
EFFORTS TO ACHIEVE THE GOALS AND PRIORITIES ESTABLISHED UNDER SECTION
302(B)(1).
"SEC. 305. NETWORK ACCESS.
"(a) CONNECTIONS PROGRAM.-THE PLAN SHALL INCLUDE PROGRAMS ADMINISTERED
BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION TO-
"(1) foster the development of network services in local
communities which will connect institutions of education at all
levels, libraries, museums, and State and local governments to each
other; and
"(2) provide funds for the purchase of network services to
entities described in paragraph (1), or organizations representing
such entities, to connect to the Internet.
Such program shall include funding for the acquisition of required
hardware and software and for the establishment of broadband connections
to the Internet. Not more than 75 percent of the cost of any project for
which an award is made under this subsection shall be provided under
this Act.
"(b) TRAINING.-THE PLAN SHALL INCLUDE PROGRAMS ADMINISTERED BY THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AND OTHER APPROPRIATE AGENCIES AND
DEPARTMENTS TO TRAIN TEACHERS, STUDENTS, LIBRARIANS, AND STATE AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL IN THE USE OF COMPUTER NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET.
TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR LIBRARIANS SHALL BE DESIGNED TO PROVIDE SKILLS AND
TRAINING MATERIALS NEEDED BY LIBRARIANS TO INSTRUCT THE PUBLIC IN THE
USE OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE FOR ACCESSING AND USING COMPUTER NETWORKS
AND THE INTERNET. TRAINING PROGRAMS SHALL INCLUDE PROGRAMS DESIGNED FOR
INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES.
"(C) REPORT.-THE DIRECTOR SHALL, WITHIN ONE YEAR AFTER THE DATE OF
ENACTMENT OF THIS TITLE, SUBMIT A REPORT TO CONGRESS WHICH SHALL
INCLUDE-
"(1) FINDINGS OF AN EXAMINATION OF THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE
EDUCATION AND LIBRARY COMMUNITIES AND STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
HAVE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET, INCLUDING THE NUMBERS AND THE
GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION, BY TYPE, OF INSTITUTIONS HAVING ACCESS, AND
INCLUDING THE NUMBERS OF INSTITUTIONS HAVING HUMAN/COMPUTER
INTERFACES SUITABLE FOR USE BY INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES;
"(2) A STATEMENT OF THE EXTENT TO WHICH BROADBAND CONNECTIONS TO
THE INTERNET EXIST FOR THE EDUCATION AND LIBRARY COMMUNITIES AND
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, INCLUDING THE NUMBERS AND THE
GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION, BY TYPE, OF INSTITUTIONS HAVING ACCESS;
"(3) AN ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS LIMITING ACCESS BY INSTITUTIONS
OF EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS, LIBRARIES, AND STATE AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENTS TO THE INTERNET AND AN ESTIMATE OF THE COST OF PROVIDING
UNIVERSAL BROADBAND ACCESS FOR THOSE INSTITUTIONS TO THE INTERNET;
AND
"(4) recommendations for collaborative programs among Federal,
State, and local governments and the private sector to expand
connectivity to the Internet for educational institutions,
libraries, and State and local governments.
"(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED TO THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,
$15,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $30,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995, AND
$50,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996.
"SEC. 306. RESEARCH IN SUPPORT OF APPLICATIONS.
"(a) IN GENERAL.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY THE BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH
AND HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES IN AREAS, SUCH AS COMPUTER
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, MATHEMATICS, COMPUTER VISUALIZATION, AND HUMAN
COGNITION, THAT WILL PROVIDE THE FOUNDATION FOR ACHIEVING THE
APPLICATIONS INCLUDED IN THE PLAN. THE PLAN SHALL INCLUDE BASIC AND
APPLIED RESEARCH ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE LONG-RANGE SOCIAL AND ETHICAL
IMPLICATIONS OF APPLICATIONS OF HIGH-SPEED NETWORKING AND
HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING. THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY THOSE ACTIVITIES
INCLUDED IN THE PROGRAM UNDER TITLE I WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO THE
DEVELOPMENT OF APPLICATIONS INCLUDED IN THE PLAN.
"(B) NETWORK SECURITY AND PRIVACY.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY RESEARCH
PROGRAMS NEEDED TO CREATE MEANS TO-
"(1) ENSURE THE SECURITY AND PRIVACY OF TRANSMISSIONS OVER THE
INTERNET AND THE INTEGRITY OF DIGITAL INFORMATION ACCESSED VIA THE
INTERNET; AND
"(2) FACILITATE THE MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION OF COPYRIGHTED
INFORMATION WHICH IS ACCESSED VIA THE INTERNET.
"(C) EASE OF INTERNET USE.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY RESEARCH PROGRAMS
NEEDED TO DEVELOP AND DEMONSTRATE HUMAN/COMPUTER INTERFACES THAT WILL
SIMPLIFY ACCESS TO AND USE OF THE INTERNET BY NONSPECIALISTS IN
COMPUTING AND NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES AND BY INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES.
"(D) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED FOR THE
PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, $6,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $15,000,000
FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995, $20,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996, $20,000,000 FOR
FISCAL YEAR 1997, AND $20,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.
"SEC. 307. APPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATION.
"(a) IN GENERAL.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY PROJECTS TO DEVELOP AND APPLY
COMPUTING AND NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES FOR USE IN EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS
FROM EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION THROUGH HIGHER EDUCATION, INCLUDING
PROJECTS FOR THE EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES. THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SHALL BE THE LEAD AGENCY
FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ACTIVITIES REQUIRED BY THIS SECTION, AND SHALL
CONSULT WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IN IMPLEMENTING THOSE
ACTIVITIES. ACTIVITIES UNDER THIS SECTION SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) PROJECTS, INCLUDING SUPPORT FOR ACQUISITION OF REQUIRED
COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE, THAT DEMONSTRATE THE EDUCATIONAL
VALUE OF THE INTERNET, INCLUDING COST EFFECTIVENESS, IN PROVIDING
FOR ADVANCES IN DISTANCE LEARNING AND ELECTRONIC CLASSROOMS,
FACILITATING NATIONWIDE COMMUNICATION AMONG EDUCATORS AND STUDENTS,
ACCESS TO DATABASES OF INFORMATION IN DIGITAL FORMAT, AND ACCESS TO
INNOVATIVE CURRICULAR MATERIALS;
"(2) DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND EVALUATION OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS,
COMPUTER SOFTWARE, AND COMPUTER NETWORKS FOR-
"(A) TEACHER TRAINING, INCLUDING TEACHERS IN SPECIAL EDUCATION
PROGRAMS; AND
"(B) INFORMAL EDUCATION OUTSIDE OF SCHOOL, INCLUDING WORKFORCE
TRAINING IN MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, AND TECHNOLOGY AND IN SPECIFIC
JOB-RELATED SKILLS, INCLUDING LITERACY; AND
"(3) DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND EVALUATION OF ADVANCED EDUCATIONAL
SOFTWARE AND OF NETWORK-BASED INFORMATION RESOURCES.
"(B) ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION
(A), APPLICATIONS FOR ELEMENTARY, SECONDARY, AND VOCATIONAL/TECHNICAL
EDUCATION SHALL BE DESIGNED TO COMPLEMENT AND STRENGTHEN ONGOING
NATIONAL, STATE, AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL RESTRUCTURING AND REFORM
ACTIVITIES AND SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) PROJECTS IN COMPUTING AND NETWORKING THAT-
"(A) PROVIDE FOR NETWORK CONNECTIONS AMONG ELEMENTARY AND
SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN LOCAL REGIONS AND CONNECTIONS TO THE
INTERNET TO ENABLE STUDENTS AND TEACHERS TO-
"(I) COMMUNICATE WITH THEIR PEERS;
"(II) COMMUNICATE WITH EDUCATORS AND STUDENTS IN
INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION; AND
"(III) ACCESS EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS AND OTHER COMPUTING
RESOURCES;
"(B) ADDRESS THE NEEDS OF RURAL POPULATIONS AND OF URBAN
COMMUNITIES; AND
"(C) address the needs of individuals with disabilities;
"(2) collection and dissemination of information about ongoing
elementary and secondary educational projects, including special
education projects, based on application of computing and networking
technologies, and about other educational resources available over
the Internet;
"(3) development and evaluation of undergraduate courses in the
educational applications of computing and networking for the
instruction of students preparing for teaching careers, including
courses that will ensure the early familiarization and training of
these students in the use of the Internet; and
"(4) development, testing, and evaluation of educational software
designed for collaborative use over the Internet, including tools
that will enable classroom teachers easily to adapt software to
local conditions.
"(c) COOPERATION.-IN CARRYING OUT THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SECTION,
THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, AND OTHER
FEDERAL AGENCIES PARTICIPATING IN SUCH ACTIVITIES SHALL WORK WITH THE
COMPUTER HARDWARE, COMPUTER SOFTWARE, AND COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRIES,
AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS OF EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS, STATE EDUCATION
DEPARTMENTS, AND LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS, AS APPROPRIATE.
"(D) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED TO THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,
$16,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $45,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995,
$60,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996, $75,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997, AND
$75,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.
"SEC. 308. APPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE.
"(a) IN GENERAL.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY PROJECTS TO DEVELOP AND APPLY
HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND HIGH-SPEED NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES FOR
USE IN THE HEALTH CARE SECTOR, WITH THE GOAL OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY
AND ENHANCING THE COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH CARE. SPECIAL
CONSIDERATION SHALL BE GIVEN TO APPLICATIONS THAT ARE DESIGNED TO LOWER
HEALTH CARE COSTS. THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, THROUGH
THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH AND THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL
AND PREVENTION, SHALL BE THE LEAD AGENCY FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ACTIVITIES
REQUIRED BY THIS SECTION.
"(B) CLINICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION (A),
APPLICATIONS RELATED TO CLINICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) TESTBED NETWORKS FOR LINKING HOSPITALS, CLINICS, DOCTOR'S
OFFICES, MEDICAL SCHOOLS, MEDICAL LIBRARIES, AND UNIVERSITIES TO
ENABLE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS AND RESEARCHERS TO SHARE MEDICAL IMAGES
AND TO DEVELOP COMPUTER-BASED RECORDS;
"(2) SOFTWARE AND VISUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR VISUALIZING THE
HUMAN ANATOMY AND ANALYZING DIAGNOSTIC IMAGES AND RECORDS;
"(3) VIRTUAL REALITY TECHNOLOGY FOR SIMULATING SURGICAL AND
MEDICAL PROCEDURES;
"(4) COLLABORATIVE TECHNOLOGY TO ALLOW SEVERAL HEALTH CARE
PROVIDERS IN REMOTE LOCATIONS TO PROVIDE REAL-TIME TREATMENT TO
PATIENTS;
"(5) INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO ALLOW HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS TO
MONITOR, EVALUATE, AND TREAT PATIENTS IN NONCLINICAL SETTINGS;
"(6) DATABASE TECHNOLOGY TO PROVIDE HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS WITH
ACCESS TO RELEVANT MEDICAL INFORMATION AND LITERATURE;
"(7) DATABASE TECHNOLOGY FOR STORING, ACCESSING AND TRANSMITTING
PATIENTS' MEDICAL RECORDS WHILE PROTECTING THE ACCURACY AND PRIVACY
OF THOSE RECORDS;
"(8) NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF CHEMICAL INTERACTIONS RELEVANT TO
REDUCING THE TIME AND COST OF DRUG DEVELOPMENT;
"(9) three dimensional geometric modeling and artificial
intelligence methods for interpreting an array of medical images;
and
"(10) complex simulations of sociological populations affected
disproportionately by selected diseases or disorders.
"(c) HEALTH INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION
(A), APPLICATIONS RELATED TO DELIVERY OF HEALTH INFORMATION TO THE
PUBLIC SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND EVALUATION OF DATABASE AND NETWORK
TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE STORAGE OF CONSUMER-ORIENTED, INTERACTIVE,
MULTIMEDIA MATERIALS FOR HEALTH PROMOTION, AND FOR THE DISTRIBUTION
OF SUCH MATERIALS TO PUBLIC ACCESS POINTS, SUCH AS COMMUNITY HEALTH
AND HUMAN SERVICE AGENCIES, CENTERS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING
ESTABLISHED BY THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973, ORGANIZATIONS
ESTABLISHED BY TITLE I OF THE TECHNOLOGY-RELATED ASSISTANCE FOR
INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1988, SCHOOLS, AND PUBLIC
LIBRARIES;
"(2) PILOT PROGRAMS TO DEVELOP, TEST, AND EVALUATE THE
EFFECTIVENESS AND COST EFFICIENCY OF INTERACTIVE, MULTIMEDIA
MATERIALS TO ASSIST PATIENTS IN DECIDING AMONG HEALTH CARE OPTIONS;
"(3) DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF HUMAN/COMPUTER INTERFACES TO
ALLOW NONSPECIALISTS IN COMPUTING AND NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES EASE
OF ACCESS TO AND USE OF DATABASES OF HEALTH INFORMATION AND NETWORKS
PROVIDING HEALTH INFORMATION SERVICE; AND
"(4) DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND EVALUATION OF DATABASE AND NETWORK
ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES TO PROVIDE INDIVIDUALS WITH HEALTH INFORMATION,
INCLUDING HEALTH RISK APPRAISAL, PREVENTATIVE MEDICAL ADVICE, AND
DISEASE TREATMENT OPTIONS, WHICH IS ORIENTED TO NONHEALTH
PROFESSIONALS AND WHICH IS CUSTOMIZED TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION AN
INDIVIDUAL'S MEDICAL HISTORY.
"(D) HEALTH DELIVERY SYSTEMS AND POPULATION DATA SETS.-IN ACCORDANCE
WITH SUBSECTION (A), APPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH DELIVERY SYSTEMS AND FOR
GATHERING POPULATION DATA SETS SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) TESTBED NETWORKS AND SOFTWARE THAT PERMITS COLLABORATIVE
COMMUNICATION AMONG LOCAL PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HEALTH AND HUMAN
SERVICE PROVIDERS, SUCH AS HEALTH CENTERS, CLINICS, ENTITLEMENT
OFFICES, AND SCHOOL-BASED CLINICS, TO ENABLE HEALTH AND HUMAN
SERVICE PROVIDERS TO WORK TOGETHER IN DELIVERING COORDINATED
SERVICES FOR AT-RISK POPULATIONS;
"(2) PILOT PROGRAMS TO DEVELOP HIGH SPEED COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
AND SOFTWARE FOR PROVIDING HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS WITH-
"(A) IMMEDIATE, ON-LINE ACCESS TO UP-TO-DATE CLINIC-BASED
HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION AND OTHER PUBLIC
HEALTH SERVICE AGENCIES; AND
"(B) A TWO-WAY COMMUNICATIONS LINK WITH PREVENTION SPECIALISTS
IN STATE AND LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTS, AND OTHER AGENCIES WITH
INFORMATION GERMANE TO CLINIC-BASED HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE
PREVENTION; AND
"(3) DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, AND EVALUATION OF DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES
TO PROVIDE CLINICIANS WITH ACCESS TO INFORMATION TO GUIDE AND ASSIST
THEM IN PROVIDING DIAGNOSIS, PROVIDING TREATMENT, AND PROVIDING
ADVICE REGARDING HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION TO
PATIENTS, AND TO FACILITATE THE GATHERING OF SYSTEMATIC POPULATION
DATA SETS IN COMPATIBLE FORMATS ON THE EFFICACY OF TREATMENTS AND ON
NATIONAL HEALTH TRENDS.
"(E) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED TO THE
SECRETARY OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION,
$22,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $54,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995,
$72,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996, $90,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997, AND
$90,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.
"SEC. 309. APPLICATIONS FOR LIBRARIES.
"(a) IN GENERAL.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY PROJECTS TO DEVELOP
TECHNOLOGIES FOR 'DIGITAL LIBRARIES' OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION. THE
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SHALL BE THE LEAD AGENCY FOR IMPLEMENTING
THE ACTIVITIES REQUIRED BY THIS SECTION, AND IN IMPLEMENTING THIS
SECTION SHALL TAKE INTO ACCOUNT THE NEEDS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES.
"(B) DIGITAL LIBRARIES.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION (A), ACTIVITIES
TO SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES SHALL INCLUDE-
"(1) DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS CAPABLE OF
STORING HUNDREDS OF TRILLIONS OF BITS OF DATA AND GIVING THOUSANDS
OF USERS SIMULTANEOUS AND NEARLY INSTANTANEOUS ACCESS TO THAT
INFORMATION;
"(2) DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-SPEED, HIGHLY ACCURATE SYSTEMS FOR
CONVERTING PRINTED TEXT, PAGE IMAGES, GRAPHICS, AND PHOTOGRAPHIC
IMAGES INTO ELECTRONIC FORM;
"(3) DEVELOPMENT OF DATABASE SOFTWARE CAPABLE OF QUICKLY
SEARCHING, FILTERING, AND SUMMARIZING LARGE VOLUMES OF TEXT,
IMAGERY, DATA, AND SOUND;
"(4) ENCOURAGEMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND ADOPTION OF COMMON
STANDARDS AND, WHERE APPROPRIATE, COMMON FORMATS FOR ELECTRONIC
DATA;
"(5) DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTER-BASED MEANS TO CATEGORIZE AND
ORGANIZE ELECTRONIC INFORMATION IN A VARIETY OF FORMATS;
"(6) TRAINING OF DATABASE USERS AND LIBRARIANS IN THE USE OF AND
DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRONIC DATABASES;
"(7) DEVELOPMENT OF MEANS FOR SIMPLIFYING THE UTILIZATION OF
NETWORKED DATABASES DISTRIBUTED AROUND THE NATION AND AROUND THE
WORLD;
"(8) DEVELOPMENT OF VISUALIZATION METHODS FOR QUICKLY BROWSING
LARGE VOLUMES OF IMAGERY; AND
"(9) DEVELOPMENT OF MEANS FOR PROTECTING COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL IN
ELECTRONIC FORM, INCLUDING, IF TECHNOLOGICALLY FEASIBLE, SYSTEMS
WITH CAPABILITIES FOR ELECTRONICALLY IDENTIFYING COPYRIGHTED WORKS
AND FOR ELECTRONICALLY INDICATING WHETHER ANY PERMISSION WHICH IS
REQUIRED BY TITLE 17, UNITED STATES CODE, HAS BEEN GRANTED BY THE
COPYRIGHT OWNER.
"(C) DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPES.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION (A), THE
PLAN SHALL PROVIDE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPE DIGITAL LIBRARIES TO
SERVE AS TESTBEDS FOR THE SYSTEMS, SOFTWARE, STANDARDS, AND METHODS
DEVELOPED UNDER SUBSECTION (B). THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTOTYPE DIGITAL
LIBRARIES MAY INVOLVE NONPROFIT, PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS THAT COLLECT AND
MAINTAIN SPECIMENS, MATERIALS, OR OTHER ITEMS USED IN RESEARCH, SUCH AS
NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUMS. THE PROTOTYPE DIGITAL LIBRARIES SHALL BE
ACCESSIBLE BY THE PUBLIC VIA THE INTERNET. IN CARRYING OUT THIS
SUBSECTION, AN EVALUATION SHALL BE CONDUCTED OF THE SUITABILITY AND
UTILITY OF DISTRIBUTING ELECTRONIC INFORMATION OVER THE INTERNET,
INCLUDING CATALOGING AND EVALUATING THE KINDS OF USES AND DETERMINING
BARRIERS THAT IMPAIR USE OF THE INTERNET FOR THIS PURPOSE.
"(D) DEVELOPMENT OF DATABASES OF REMOTE-SENSING IMAGES.-THE NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION SHALL DEVELOP DATABASES OF SOFTWARE
AND REMOTE-SENSING IMAGES TO BE MADE AVAILABLE OVER COMPUTER NETWORKS.
"(E) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED-
"(1) TO THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS
SECTION, $8,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $16,000,000 FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1995, $22,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996, $32,000,000 FOR FISCAL
YEAR 1997, AND $32,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998; AND
"(2) TO THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION FOR THE
PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, $4,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994,
$8,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995, $10,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996,
$12,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1997, AND $12,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR
1998.
"SEC. 310. APPLICATIONS FOR GOVERNMENT INFORMATION.
"(a) IN GENERAL.-THE PLAN SHALL SPECIFY PROJECTS NEEDED TO DEVELOP AND
APPLY HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND HIGH-SPEED NETWORKING TECHNOLOGIES
TO PROVIDE IMPROVED PUBLIC ACCESS TO INFORMATION GENERATED BY FEDERAL,
STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, INCLUDING ACCESS BY INDIVIDUALS WITH
DISABILITIES.
"(B) LEAD AGENCY.-THE PRESIDENT SHALL DESIGNATE A LEAD AGENCY FOR
IMPLEMENTING THE ACTIVITIES REQUIRED BY THIS SECTION. THE LEAD AGENCY
SHALL ISSUE POLICY GUIDELINES DESIGNED TO FOSTER-
"(1) A DIVERSITY OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SOURCES FOR, AND A
COMPETITIVE MARKETPLACE IN, INFORMATION PRODUCTS AND SERVICES BASED
ON GOVERNMENT INFORMATION; AND
"(2) DISSEMINATION OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC ON A
TIMELY, EQUITABLE, AND AFFORDABLE BASIS AND IN A MANNER THAT WILL
PROMOTE THE USEFULNESS OF THE INFORMATION TO THE PUBLIC.
"(C) PROJECTS.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION (A), PROJECTS SHALL BE
UNDERTAKEN WHICH-
"(1) CONNECT DEPOSITORY LIBRARIES AND OTHER SOURCES OF GOVERNMENT
INFORMATION TO THE INTERNET TO ENABLE-
"(A) ACCESS TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT INFORMATION AND DATABASES IN
ELECTRONIC FORMATS;
"(B) ACCESS TO STATE OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT INFORMATION;
"(C) ACCESS TO RELATED RESOURCES WHICH ENHANCE THE USE OF
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, INCLUDING DATABASES AVAILABLE THROUGH
STATE PROJECTS FUNDED PURSUANT TO THE TECHNOLOGY-RELATED
ASSISTANCE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1988; AND
"(D) LINKAGES WITH OTHER LIBRARIES AND INSTITUTIONS TO ENHANCE
USE OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION; AND
"(2) DEMONSTRATE, TEST, AND EVALUATE TECHNOLOGIES TO INCREASE
ACCESS TO AND TO FACILITATE EFFECTIVE USE OF GOVERNMENT INFORMATION
AND DATABASES FOR SUPPORT OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATION, ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT, AND AN INFORMED CITIZENRY.
"(D) FEDERAL INFORMATION LOCATOR.-IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUBSECTION (A),
AN INFORMATION LOCATOR SYSTEM SHALL BE ESTABLISHED WHICH IS ACCESSIBLE
BY THE PUBLIC VIA THE INTERNET AND WHICH PROVIDES CITATIONS TO FEDERAL
INFORMATION AND GUIDANCE ON HOW TO OBTAIN SUCH INFORMATION.
"(E) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.-FROM SUMS OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED
TO BE APPROPRIATED, THERE ARE AUTHORIZED TO BE APPROPRIATED FOR THE
PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, $4,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1994, $12,000,000
FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995, $16,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1996, $21,000,000 FOR
FISCAL YEAR 1997, AND $21,000,000 FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998.".
SEC. 4. HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS ADVISORY COMMITTEE.
Section 101(b) of the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 is
amended to read as follows:
"(b) HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS ADVISORY
COMMITTEE.-(1) THE DIRECTOR SHALL ESTABLISH AN ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON
HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS CONSISTING OF NON-FEDERAL
MEMBERS, INCLUDING REPRESENTATIVES OF THE RESEARCH AND LIBRARY
COMMUNITIES, EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS, CONSUMER AND PUBLIC INTEREST
GROUPS, NETWORK PROVIDERS, AND THE COMPUTER HARDWARE, COMPUTER SOFTWARE,
TELECOMMUNICATIONS, PUBLISHING, AND INFORMATION INDUSTRIES, WHO ARE
SPECIALLY QUALIFIED TO PROVIDE THE DIRECTOR WITH ADVICE AND INFORMATION
ON HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING AND ON APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTING AND
NETWORKING. THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE SHALL BE
CONSIDERED IN REVIEWING AND REVISING THE PROGRAM DESCRIBED IN THIS
SECTION AND THE PLAN REQUIRED BY SECTION 301(A)(2). THE ADVISORY
COMMITTEE SHALL PROVIDE THE DIRECTOR WITH AN INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF-
"(A) progress in implementing the Program described in this
section and the Plan required by section 301(a)(2);
"(B) the need to revise the Program described in this section and
the Plan required by section 301(a)(2);
"(C) the balance between the components of the activities
undertaken pursuant to this Act;
"(D) whether the research, development and demonstration projects
undertaken pursuant to this Act are-
"(i) helping to maintain United States leadership in computing
and networking technologies and in the application of those
technologies; and
"(ii) promoting competitive private sector markets in the
provision of products and services related to these technologies
and their applications;
"(E) whether the applications developed under title III are
successfully addressing the needs of the targeted populations,
including assessment of the number of users served by those
applications; and
"(F) other issues identified by the Director.
"(2) The advisory committee established under paragraph (1) shall meet
not less than once annually, following notice in the Federal Register,
for the purpose of receiving oral and written public testimony on the
subjects identified in subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (1).
The advisory committee shall compile and submit an annual report to the
Director and to the Congress containing the findings and recommendations
required under this subsection and summarizing the public testimony
received. In addition, the advisory committee may meet periodically as
determined by its members.
"(3) The Director shall provide such support as is required to allow
the advisory committee established under paragraph (1) to meet and to
carry out the responsibilities assigned by this subsection.".
SEC. 5. NATIONAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION NETWORK AMENDMENTS.
Section 102 of the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 is amended
to read as follows:
"SEC. 102. NATIONAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION NETWORK PROGRAM.
"(a) ESTABLISHMENT.-AS PART OF THE PROGRAM DESCRIBED IN SECTION 101,
THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, THE
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, THE NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, AND
OTHER AGENCIES PARTICIPATING IN THE PROGRAM SHALL SUPPORT THE
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION NETWORK PROGRAM.
THE NETWORK PROGRAM SHALL CONSIST OF THE FOLLOWING COMPONENTS:
"(1) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF NETWORKING SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE
REQUIRED FOR DEVELOPING HIGH-PERFORMANCE DATA NETWORKING
CAPABILITIES WITH THE GOAL OF ACHIEVING THE TRANSMISSION OF DATA AT
A SPEED OF ONE GIGABIT PER SECOND OR GREATER.
"(2) FEDERAL EXPERIMENTAL TEST BED NETWORKS FOR-
"(A) DEVELOPING AND DEMONSTRATING ADVANCED NETWORKING
TECHNOLOGIES RESULTING FROM THE ACTIVITIES DESCRIBED IN
PARAGRAPH (1), INCLUDING ANY REASONABLY NECESSARY ASSESSMENT OF
THE RELIABILITY OF SUCH TECHNOLOGIES UNDER REALISTIC OPERATING
CONDITIONS; AND
"(B) PROVIDING CONNECTIONS AND ASSOCIATED NETWORK SERVICES FOR
PURPOSES CONSISTENT WITH THIS ACT WHICH REQUIRE LEVELS OF
NETWORK CAPABILITIES NOT COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE.
"(3) PROVISION OF SUPPORT FOR RESEARCHERS, EDUCATORS, AND STUDENTS
TO OBTAIN ACCESS TO AND USE OF THE INTERNET TO ALLOW FOR
COMMUNICATION WITH OTHER INDIVIDUALS IN THE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION
COMMUNITIES AND TO ALLOW FOR ACCESS TO HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING
SYSTEMS, ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES, OTHER RESEARCH
FACILITIES, AND LIBRARIES.
"(b) TEST BED NETWORK CHARACTERISTICS.-THE TEST BED NETWORKS SHALL-
"(1) BE DEVELOPED AND DEPLOYED IN COORDINATION WITH THE COMPUTER
HARDWARE, COMPUTER SOFTWARE, TELECOMMUNICATIONS, AND INFORMATION
INDUSTRIES;
"(2) BE DESIGNED, DEVELOPED, AND OPERATED IN COLLABORATION WITH
POTENTIAL USERS IN GOVERNMENT, INDUSTRY, AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS;
"(3) BE DESIGNED, DEVELOPED, AND OPERATED IN A MANNER WHICH
FOSTERS AND MAINTAINS COMPETITION AND PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT IN
HIGH-SPEED DATA NETWORKING WITHIN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY;
"(4) BE DESIGNED AND OPERATED IN A MANNER WHICH PROMOTES AND
ENCOURAGES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LEADING TO THE CREATION OF
COMMERCIAL DATA TRANSMISSION STANDARDS, ENABLING THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF PRIVATELY DEVELOPED HIGH-SPEED COMMERCIAL NETWORKS;
"(5) BE DESIGNED AND OPERATED SO AS TO ENSURE THE APPLICATION OF
LAWS THAT PROVIDE NETWORK AND INFORMATION RESOURCES SECURITY,
INCLUDING THOSE THAT PROTECT COPYRIGHT AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY RIGHTS, AND THOSE THAT CONTROL ACCESS TO DATA BASES AND
PROTECT NATIONAL SECURITY;
"(6) HAVE ACCOUNTING MECHANISMS WHICH ALLOW USERS OR GROUPS OF
USERS TO BE CHARGED FOR THEIR USAGE OF COPYRIGHTED MATERIALS
AVAILABLE OVER THE TEST BED NETWORKS AND, WHERE APPROPRIATE AND
TECHNICALLY FEASIBLE, FOR THEIR USAGE OF THE TEST BED NETWORKS; AND
"(7) BE INTEROPERABLE WITH FEDERAL AND NON-FEDERAL COMPUTER
NETWORKS, TO THE EXTENT APPROPRIATE, IN A WAY THAT ALLOWS AUTONOMY
FOR EACH COMPONENT NETWORK.
"(C) NETWORK ACCESS.-THE FEDERAL AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS
PARTICIPATING IN ACTIVITIES UNDER THIS SECTION SHALL DEVELOP A PLAN WITH
SPECIFIC GOALS FOR IMPLEMENTING THE REQUIREMENTS OF SUBSECTION (A)(3),
INCLUDING PROVISION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO EDUCATIONAL
INSTITUTIONS, PUBLIC LIBRARIES, AND OTHER APPROPRIATE ENTITIES. THIS
PLAN SHALL BE SUBMITTED TO THE CONGRESS NOT LATER THAN ONE YEAR AFTER
THE DATE OF ENACTMENT OF THE NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE ACT OF
1993. EACH YEAR THEREAFTER, THE DIRECTOR SHALL REPORT TO CONGRESS ON
PROGRESS IN IMPLEMENTING SUBSECTION (A)(3).
"(D) RESTRICTION ON USE OF TEST BED NETWORKS.-(1) THE FEDERAL TEST BED
NETWORKS SHALL NOT BE USED TO PROVIDE NETWORK SERVICES THAT ARE NOT
RELATED TO THE ACTIVITIES UNDER PARAGRAPHS (1) AND (2) OF SUBSECTION (A)
AND THAT COULD OTHERWISE BE PROVIDED SATISFACTORILY USING COMMERCIALLY
AVAILABLE NETWORK SERVICES. DETERMINATION OF SATISFACTORY AVAILABILITY
SHALL INCLUDE CONSIDERATION OF GEOGRAPHIC ACCESS TO AND AFFORDABILITY OF
SERVICE, AND TIMELINESS AND TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS IN PROVIDING
SERVICES.
"(2) THE REQUIREMENTS OF PARAGRAPH (1) SHALL TAKE EFFECT ON THE DATE
SET FORTH IN THE REPORT REQUIRED UNDER PARAGRAPH (3).
"(3) SIX MONTHS FOLLOWING THE DATE OF ENACTMENT OF THE NATIONAL
INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE ACT OF 1993, THE DIRECTOR, AFTER CONSULTATION
WITH THE FEDERAL AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS SUPPORTING FEDERAL TEST BED
NETWORKS, SHALL PROVIDE A REPORT TO CONGRESS WHICH-
"(A) DESCRIBES THE TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS NECESSARY TO ALLOW
IMPLEMENTATION OF PARAGRAPH (1);
"(B) DETERMINES THE EARLIEST FEASIBLE DATE FOR IMPLEMENTING
PARAGRAPH (1); AND
"(C) SETS FORTH THAT DATE AS THE DATE ON WHICH PARAGRAPH (1) SHALL
TAKE EFFECT.
SHOULD THE DIRECTOR SUBSEQUENTLY DETERMINE THAT, FOR TECHNICAL REASONS,
THE REQUIREMENTS OF PARAGRAPH (1) CAN NOT BE IMPOSED ON THAT DATE, THE
DIRECTOR SHALL, NOT LESS THAN 3 MONTHS PRIOR TO THAT DATE, REPORT TO
CONGRESS ON THE REASONS FOR THE DELAY IN IMPOSING THE REQUIREMENTS OF
PARAGRAPH (1), AND SHALL SET FORTH A NEW DATE ON WHICH PARAGRAPH (1)
SHALL TAKE EFFECT.
"(E) ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY RESPONSIBILITY.-AS PART OF THE
PROGRAM, THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, THROUGH THE ADVANCED RESEARCH
PROJECTS AGENCY, SHALL SUPPORT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ADVANCED
FIBER OPTICS TECHNOLOGY, SWITCHES, AND PROTOCOLS NEEDED TO DEVELOP THE
NETWORK PROGRAM.
"(F) INFORMATION SERVICES.-THE DIRECTOR SHALL ASSIST THE PRESIDENT IN
COORDINATING THE ACTIVITIES OF APPROPRIATE AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS TO
PROMOTE THE DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION SERVICES THAT COULD BE PROVIDED
OVER THE INTERNET CONSISTENT WITH THE PURPOSES OF THIS ACT. THESE
SERVICES MAY INCLUDE THE PROVISION OF DIRECTORIES OF THE USERS AND
SERVICES ON COMPUTER NETWORKS, DATA BASES OF UNCLASSIFIED FEDERAL
SCIENTIFIC DATA, TRAINING OF USERS OF DATA BASES AND COMPUTER NETWORKS,
AND TECHNOLOGY TO SUPPORT COMPUTER-BASED COLLABORATION THAT ALLOWS
RESEARCHERS AND EDUCATORS AROUND THE NATION TO SHARE INFORMATION AND INSTRUMENTATION.
"(G) USE OF GRANT FUNDS.-ALL FEDERAL AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENTS ARE
AUTHORIZED TO ALLOW RECIPIENTS OF FEDERAL RESEARCH GRANTS TO USE GRANT
MONEYS TO PAY FOR COMPUTER NETWORKING EXPENSES.
"(h) LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS.-DEVELOPMENT OF DATA COMMUNICATIONS
NETWORKS PURSUANT TO THIS ACT SHALL BE THROUGH PURCHASE OF STANDARD
COMMERCIAL TRANSMISSION AND NETWORK SERVICES FROM VENDORS WHENEVER
FEASIBLE, AND BY CONTRACTING FOR CUSTOMIZED SERVICES WHEN SUCH PURCHASE
IS NOT FEASIBLE, IN ORDER TO MINIMIZE FEDERAL INVESTMENT IN NETWORK
HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE.".

SEC. 6. COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENTS.
Title II of the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 is amended by
adding at the end the following new section:
"SEC. 209. COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENTS.
"The Competition in Contracting Act shall apply to all procurements
under this Act of $25,000 or greater.".

SEC. 7. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
The High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 is amended-
(1) in section 3(1)-
(A) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
"(A) accelerate progress toward a universally accessible
high-capacity and high-speed data network for the Nation;"; and
(B) by striking "Network" and inserting in lieu thereof
"Internet" in subparagraph (C);
(2) in section 4-
(A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) as
paragraphs (2), (7), (8), (10), and (12), respectively;
(B) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated by
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new paragraph:
"(1) 'broadband' means a transmission rate for digital information
on a communications network which exceeds the maximum rate possible
for transmission of digital information on normal copper telephone
wires;";
(C) by inserting after paragraph (2), as so redesignated by
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new
paragraphs:
"(3) 'disabilities' means functional limitations of hearing,
vision, movement, manipulation, speech, and interpretation of
information;
"(4) 'educational institutions' includes institutions of early
childhood education, elementary and secondary education,
postsecondary education, and vocational/technical education;
"(5) 'education at all levels' includes early childhood education,
elementary and secondary education, postsecondary education, and
vocational/technical education;
"(6) 'Federal test bed networks' means the Federal experimental
test bed networks described in section 102(a)(2);";
(D) by inserting after paragraph (8), as so redesignated by
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the following new paragraph:
"(9) 'Internet' means the network of both Federal and non-Federal
interoperable packet switched data networks;";
(E) by amending paragraph (10), as so redesignated by
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, to read as follows:
"(10) 'Network Program' means the National Research and Education
Network Program established under section 102;"; and
(F) by inserting after such paragraph (10) the following new
paragraph:
"(11) 'Nondevelopmental item' has the meaning given such term in
section 2325(d) of title 10, United States Code; and";
(3) in section 101(a)(2)(A) and (B), by striking "Network" and
inserting in lieu thereof "Federal test bed networks";
(4) in section 101(a)(2)(C), by inserting "the private sector,
States, and" after "computer networks of";
(5) in section 101(a)(4)(C), by striking "establishment of the
Network" and inserting in lieu thereof "Network Program";
(6) in section 201(a)(2), by striking "Network" both places it
appears and inserting in lieu thereof "Internet";
(7) in section 201(a)(3), by striking "Network" and inserting in
lieu thereof "Internet for the purposes of this Act";
(8) in section 201(a)(4), by inserting "consistent with section
102," before "assist regional networks";
(9) in section 202(b), by striking "$134,000,000" and inserting in
lieu thereof "$111,000,000"; and
(10) in section 203(e)(1), by striking "$138,000,000" and
inserting in lieu thereof "$124,000,000".
SEC. 8. USE OF DOMESTIC PRODUCTS.
(a) PROHIBITION AGAINST FRAUDULENT USE OF "MADE IN AMERICA"
LABELS.-(1) A PERSON SHALL NOT INTENTIONALLY AFFIX A LABEL BEARING THE
INSCRIPTION OF "MADE IN AMERICA", OR ANY INSCRIPTION WITH THAT MEANING,
TO ANY PRODUCT SOLD IN OR SHIPPED TO THE UNITED STATES, IF THAT PRODUCT
IS NOT A DOMESTIC PRODUCT.
(2) A PERSON WHO VIOLATES PARAGRAPH (1) SHALL NOT BE ELIGIBLE FOR ANY
CONTRACT FOR A PROCUREMENT CARRIED OUT WITH AMOUNTS AUTHORIZED UNDER
THIS ACT, OR UNDER ANY AMENDMENT MADE BY THIS ACT, INCLUDING ANY
SUBCONTRACT UNDER SUCH A CONTRACT PURSUANT TO THE DEBARMENT, SUSPENSION,
AND INELIGIBILITY PROCEDURES IN SUBPART 9.4 OF CHAPTER 1 OF TITLE 48,
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS, OR ANY SUCCESSOR PROCEDURES THERETO.
(B) COMPLIANCE WITH BUY AMERICAN ACT.-(1) EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN
PARAGRAPH (2), THE HEAD OF EACH AGENCY WHICH CONDUCTS PROCUREMENTS SHALL
ENSURE THAT SUCH PROCUREMENTS ARE CONDUCTED IN COMPLIANCE WITH SECTIONS
2 THROUGH 4 OF THE ACT OF MARCH 3, 1933 (41 U.S.C. 10A THROUGH 10C,
POPULARLY KNOWN AS THE "BUY AMERICAN ACT").
(2) THIS SUBSECTION SHALL APPLY ONLY TO PROCUREMENTS MADE FOR WHICH-
(A) AMOUNTS ARE AUTHORIZED BY THIS ACT, OR BY ANY AMENDMENT MADE
BY THIS ACT, TO BE MADE AVAILABLE; AND
(B) SOLICITATIONS FOR BIDS ARE ISSUED AFTER THE DATE OF ENACTMENT
OF THIS ACT.
(3) THE DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY,
BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1995, SHALL REPORT TO THE CONGRESS ON PROCUREMENTS
COVERED UNDER THIS SUBSECTION OF PRODUCTS THAT ARE NOT DOMESTIC
PRODUCTS.
(C) DEFINITION.-FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION, THE TERM "DOMESTIC
PRODUCT" MEANS A PRODUCT-
(1) THAT IS MANUFACTURED OR PRODUCED IN THE UNITED STATES; AND
(2) AT LEAST 50 PERCENT OF THE COST OF THE ARTICLES, MATERIALS, OR
SUPPLIES OF WHICH ARE MINED, PRODUCED, OR MANUFACTURED IN THE UNITED
STATES.
(D) PURCHASE OF AMERICAN MADE EQUIPMENT AND PRODUCTS.-
(1) SENSE OF CONGRESS.-IT IS THE SENSE OF CONGRESS THAT ANY
RECIPIENT OF A GRANT UNDER THIS ACT, OR UNDER ANY AMENDMENT MADE BY
THIS ACT, SHOULD PURCHASE, WHEN AVAILABLE AND COST-EFFECTIVE,
AMERICAN MADE EQUIPMENT AND PRODUCTS WHEN EXPENDING GRANT MONIES.
(2) NOTICE TO RECIPIENTS OF ASSISTANCE.-IN ALLOCATING GRANTS UNDER
THIS ACT, OR UNDER ANY AMENDMENT MADE BY THIS ACT, THE APPROPRIATE
AGENCY OR DEPARTMENT SHALL PROVIDE TO EACH RECIPIENT A NOTICE
DESCRIBING THE STATEMENT MADE IN PARAGRAPH (1) BY THE CONGRESS.
HR 1757 RH--2
HR 1757 RH--3
HR 1757 RH--4



 December 31, 2017  Add comments

Leave a Reply