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January, 1991 page 1



CIRCULAR 22

HOW TO INVESTIGATE THE COPYRIGHT STATUS OF A WORK



Copyright Office
Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20559



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HOW TO INVESTIGATE THE COPYRIGHT STATUS OF A WORK


IN GENERAL
*****************

METHODS OF APPROACHING A COPYRIGHT INVESTIGATION

There are several ways to investigate whether a work is
under copyright protection and, if so, the facts of the
copyright. These are the main ones:

1. Examine a copy of the work (or, if the work is a sound
recording, examine the disk, tape cartridge, or cassette in
which the recorded sound is fixed, or the album cover,
sleeve, or container in which the recording is sold) for
such elements as a copyright notice, place and date of
publication, author and publisher (for additional
information, see p. 6, "Copyright Notice")

2. Make a search of the Copyright Office catalogs and other
records or

3. Have the Copyright Office make a search for you.

A FEW WORDS OF CAUTION ABOUT COPYRIGHT INVESTIGATIONS

Copyright investigations often involve more than one of
these methods. Even if you follow all three approaches, the
results may not be completely conclusive. Moreover, as explained
in this circular, the changes brought about under the Copyright
Act of 1976 and the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988
must be considered when investigating the copyright status of a
work.
This circular offers some practical guidance on what to look
for if you are making a copyright investigation. It is important
to realize, however, that this circular contains only general
information, and that there are a number of exceptions to the
principles outlined here. In many cases it is important to
consult a copyright attorney before reaching any conclusions
regarding the copyright status of a work.


HOW TO SEARCH
COPYRIGHT OFFICE CATALOGS AND RECORDS
*******************************************

CATALOG OF COPYRIGHT ENTRIES

The Copyright Office publishes the CATALOG OF COPYRIGHT
ENTRIES (CCE), which is divided into parts according to the
classes of works registered. The present categories include:
"Nondramatic Literary Works," "Performing Arts," "Motion
Pictures and Filmstrips," "Sound Recordings," "Serials and
Periodicals," " Visual Arts," "Maps," and "Renewals."
Effective with the Fourth Series, Volume 2, 1979 Catalogs, the
CCE has been issued in microfiche form ONLY previously, each part
of the CATALOG was issued at regular intervals in book form.
Each CCE segment covers all registrations made during a
particular period of time. Renewals made for any class during a
particular period can be found in Part 8, "Renewals."
Before 1978, the catalog parts reflected the classes that
existed at that time. Renewals for a particular class are found
in the back section of the catalog for the class of work renewed
(for example, renewal registrations for music made in 1976 appear
in the last section of the music catalog for 1976).
A number of libraries throughout the United States maintain
copies of the CATALOG, and this may provide a good starting point
if you wish to make a search yourself. There are some cases,
however, in which a search of the CATALOG alone will not be
sufficient to provide the needed information. For example:

* Since the CATALOG does not include entries for assign- ments
or other recorded documents, it cannot be used for searches
involving the ownership of rights.

* There is usually a time lag of a year or more before the
part of the CATALOG covering a particular registration is
published.

* The CATALOG entry contains the essential facts concerning a
registration, but it is not a verbatim transcript of the
registration record.

INDIVIDUAL SEARCHES OF COPYRIGHT RECORDS

The Copyright Office is located in the Library of Congress
James Madison Memorial Building, 101 Independence Ave., S.E.,
Washington, D.C.
Most records of the Copyright Office are open to public
inspection and searching from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through
Friday (except legal holidays). The various records freely
available to the public include an extensive card catalog, an
automated catalog containing records from 1978 forward, record
books, and microfilm records of assignments and related
documents. Other records, including correspondence files and
deposit copies, are not open to the public for searching.
However, they may be inspected upon request and payment of a
$20-per hour search fee.

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If you wish to do your own searching in the Copyright Office
files open to the public, you will be given assistance in
locating the records you need and in learning searching
procedures. If the Copyright Office staff actually makes the
search for you, a search fee must be charged. The search will not
be done while you wait.


SEARCHING BY THE COPYRIGHT OFFICE
*****************************************

IN GENERAL

Upon request, the Copyright Office staff will search its
records at the statutory rate of $20 for each hour or fraction of
an hour consumed. Based on the information you furnish, we will
provide an estimate of the total search fee. If you decide to
have the Office staff conduct the search, you should send the
estimated amount with your request. The Office will then proceed
with the search and send you a typewritten report or, if you
prefer, an oral report by telephone. If you request an oral
report, please provide a telephone number where you can be
reached during normal business hours (8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Eastern
time).
Search reports can be certified on request, for an extra fee
of $20. Certified searches are most frequently requested to meet
the evidentiary requirements of litigation.
Your request, and any other correspondence, should be
addressed to :
Reference and Bibliography Section, LM-451
Copyright Office
Library of Congress
Washington, D.C. 20559
(202) 707-6850

WHAT THE FEE DOES NOT COVER

Note that the search fee does NOT include the cost of
additional certificates, photocopies of deposits, or copies of
other Office records. For information concerning these services,
request Circular 6.

INFORMATION NEEDED

The more detailed information you can furnish with your
request, the less time-consuming and expensive the search will
be. Please provide as much of the following information as
possible:

* The title of the work, with any possible variants

* The names of the authors, including possible pseudonyms

* The name of the probable copyright owner, which may be the
publisher or producer

* The approximate year when the work was published or
registered

* The type of work involved (book, play, musical composition,
sound recording, photograph, etc.)

* For a work originally published as a part of a periodical or
collection, the title of that publication and any other
information, such as the volume or issue number, to help
identify it

* Motion pictures are often based on other works such as books
or serialized contributions to periodicals or other
composite works. If you desire a search for an underlying
work or for music from a motion picture, you must
specifically request such a search. You must also identify
the underlying works and music and furnish the specific
titles, authors, and approximate dates of these works and

* The registration number or any other copyright data.

SEARCHES INVOLVING ASSIGNMENTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS AFFECTING
COPYRIGHT OWNERSHIP

The Copyright Office staff will also, for the standard
hourly search fee, search its indexes covering the records of
assignments and other recorded documents concerning ownership of
copyrights. The reports of searches in these cases will state
the facts shown in the Office's indexes of the recorded
documents, but will offer no interpretation of the content of the
documents or their legal effect.


LIMITATIONS ON SEARCHES
*********************************

In determining whether or not to have a search made, you
should keep the following points in mind:

NO SPECIAL LISTS

The Copyright Office does not maintain any listings of works
by subject, or any lists of works that are in the public domain.

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CONTRIBUTIONS

Individual works, such as stories, poems, articles, or
musical compositions that were published as contributions to a
copyrighted periodical or collection, are usually not listed
separately by title in our records.

NO COMPARISONS

The Copyright Office does not search or compare copies of
works to determine questions of possible infringement or to
determine how much two or more versions of a work have in common.

TITLES AND NAMES NOT COPYRIGHTABLE

Copyright does not protect names and titles, and our records
list many different works identified by the same or similar
titles. Some brand names, trade names, slogans, and phrases may
be entitled to protection under the general rules of law relating
to unfair competition, or to registration under the provisions of
the trademark laws. Questions about the trademark laws should be
addressed to the Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks,
Washington, D.C. 20231. Possible protection of names and titles
under common law principles of unfair competition is a question
of state law.

NO LEGAL ADVICE

The Copyright Office cannot express any opinion as to the
legal significance or effect of the facts included in a search
report.


SOME WORDS OF CAUTION
*******************************

SEARCHES NOT ALWAYS CONCLUSIVE

Searches of the Copyright Office catalogs and records are
useful in helping to determine the copyright status of a work,
but they cannot be regarded as conclusive in all cases. The
complete absence of any information about a work in the office
records does not mean that the work is unprotected. The following
are examples of cases in which information about a particular
work may be incomplete or lacking entirely in the Copyright
Office:

* Before1978, unpublished works were entitled to protection
at common law without the need of registration.

* Works published with notice prior to 1978 may be registered
at any time within the first 28-year term to obtain renewal
protection, however, the claimant must register and renew
such work by the end of the 28th year.

* For works that came under copyright protection after
1978, registration may be made at any time during the term
of protection it is not generally required as a condition of
copyright protection (there are, however, certain definite
advantages to registration please call or write for Circular
1, "Copyright Basics").

* Since searches are ordinarily limited to registrations that
have already been cataloged, a search report may not cover
recent registrations for which catalog records are not yet
available.

* The information in the search request may not have been
complete or specific enough to identify the work.

* The work may have been registered under a different title or
as part of a larger work.

PROTECTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Even if you conclude that a work is in the public domain in
the United States, this does not necessarily mean that you are
free to use it in other countries. Every nation has its own laws
governing the length and scope of copyright protection, and these
are applicable to uses of the work within that nation's borders.
Thus, the expiration or loss of copyright protection in the
United States may still leave the work fully protected against
unauthorized use in other countries.

OTHER CIRCULARS
***************************

For further information, request Circulars 15, "Renewal of
Copyright," 15a. "Duration of Copyright," 15t, "Extension of
Copyright Terms," and 6, "Obtaining Copies of Copyright Office
Records and Deposits," from:

Publications Section, LM-455
Copyright Office
Library of Congress
Washington, D.C. 20559
OR
You may call (202) 707-9100 at any time, day or night, to
leave a request for forms or circulars as a recorded message on
the Forms HOTLINE. Requests made on the HOTLINE number are filled
and mailed promptly.

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IMPACT OF COPYRIGHT ACT ON
COPYRIGHT INVESTIGATIONS
***********************************

On October 19, 1976, the President signed into law a
complete revision of the copyright law of the United States
(Title 17 of the United States Code). Most provisions of this
statute came into force on January 1, 1978, superseding the
previous copyright act of 1909, and made significant changes in
the copyright law. Other significant changes resulted from the
Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988, which took effect
March 1, 1989. If you need more information about the provisions
of either law, write or call the Copyright Office. For
information about the Berne Law, request Circular 93. Printed
information about the 1976 law is available only through the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402-9325 for $3.75 request stock number
030-002-00168-3. You may order by telephone from the order desk
by calling (202) 783-3238. To order via fax machine please call
(202) 275-0019.
For copyright investigations, the following are some of the
main points to consider about the impact of the Copyright Act of
1976 and the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988:


A CHANGED SYSTEM OF COPYRIGHT FORMALITIES

Some of the most sweeping changes under the 1976 Act involve
copyright formalities that is, the procedural requirements for
securing and maintaining full copyright protection. The old
system of formalities involved copyright notice, deposit and
registration, recordation of transfers and licenses of copyright
ownership, and United States manufacture, among other things. In
general, while retaining formalities, the 1976 law reduced the
chances of mistakes, softened the consequences of errors and
omissions, and allowed for the correction of errors.
The Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988 reduced
formalities, most notably making the addition of the previously
mandatory copyright notice optional. It should be noted that the
amended notice requirements are not retroactive.

AUTOMATIC COPYRIGHT

Under the present copyright law, copyright exists in
original works of authorship created and fixed in any tangible
medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which
they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated,
either directly, or indirectly with the aid of a machine or
device. In other words, copyright is an incident of creative
authorship not dependent on statutory formalities. Thus,
registration with the Copyright Office generally is not required,
but there are certain advantages that arise from a timely
registration. For further information on the advantages of
registration, write or call the Copyright Office and request
Circular 1, "Copyright Basics."

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

Both the 1909 and the 1976 copyright acts require a notice
of copyright on published works. For most works, a copyright
notice consists of the symbol þ, the word "Copyright," or the
abbreviation "Copr.," together with the name of the owner of
copyright and the year of first publication for example : "þ Joan
Crane 1987" or "Copyright 1987 by Abraham Adams."
For sound recordings published on or after February 15,
1972, a copyright notice might read " 1987 XYZ Records,
Inc." (See page 8 for more information about sound recordings.)
For mask works a copyright notice might read " SDR
Industries." (Request Circular 100 for more information.)

The 1976 law prescribes that all visually perceptible
published copies of a work, or published phonorecords of a sound
recording, shall bear a proper copyright notice. This applies to
such works published before March 1, 1989. After March 1, 1989,
notice of copyright on these works is optional. Adding the
notice, however, is strongly encouraged and, if litigation
involving the copyright occurs, certain advantages exist for
adding the notice.
The requirement for the notice under the 1976 law applied
equally whether the work was published in the United States or
elsewhere by authority of the copyright owner. Compliance with
the statutory notice requirements was the responsibility of the
copyright owner. Unauthorized publication without the copyright
notice, or with a defective notice, does not affect the validity
of the copyright in the work.
Advance permission from, or registration with, the Copyright
Office is not required before placing a copyright notice on
copies of the work, or on phonorecords of a sound recording.
Moreover, for works first published on or after January 1, 1978
through February 28, 1989, omission of

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the required notice, or use of a defective notice, did not result
in forfeiture or outright loss of copyright protection. Certain
omissions of, or defects in the notice of copyright, however, may
lead to loss of copyright protection if certain steps are not
taken to correct or cure the omissions or defects. The Copyright
Office has issued a final regulation (37 CFR 201.20) which
suggests various acceptable positions for the notice of
copyright. For further information, write to the Copyright Office
and request Circular 3,"Copyright Notice".

WORKS ALREADY IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN

Neither the 1976 Act nor the Berne Convention Implementation
Act of 1988 restores protection to works that fell into the
public domain before the passage of the laws. If copyright in a
particular work has been lost, the work is permanently in the
public domain in this country, and neither law will revive
protection. Under the copyright law in effect prior to January 1,
1978, copyright could be lost in several situations: the most
common were publication without the required copyright notice,
expiration of the first 28-year copyright term without renewal,
or final expiration of the second copyright term.

SCOPE OF EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS UNDER COPYRIGHT

The present law has changed and enlarged in some cases, the
scope of the copyright owner's rights as against users of a
work. The new rights apply to all uses of a work subject to
protection by copyright after January 1, 1978, regardless of when
the work was created.



DURATION OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
****************************************

WORKS ORIGINALLY COPYRIGHTED ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 1978

A work that is created and fixed in tangible form for the
first time on or after January 1, 1978, is automatically
protected from the moment of its creation, and is ordinarily
given a term enduring for the author's life, plus an additional
50 years after the author's death. In the case of "a joint work
prepared by two or more authors who did not work for hire," the
term lasts for 50 years after the last surviving author's death.
For works made for hire, and for anonymous and pseudonymous works
(unless the author's identity is revealed in the Copyright Office
records), the duration of copyright will be 75 years from
publication or 100 years from creation, whichever is less.
Works created before the 1976 law came into effect, but
neither published nor registered for copyright before January 1,
1978, have been automatically brought under the statute and are
now given Federal copyright protection. The duration of copyright
in these works will generally be computed in the same way as for
new works: the life-plus-50 or 75/100-year terms will apply.
However, all works in this category are guaranteed at least 25
years of statutory protection.

WORKS COPYRIGHTED BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1978

Under the law in effect before 1978, copyright was secured
either on the date a work was published with notice of copyright,
or on the date of registration if the work was registered in
unpublished form. In either case, copyright endured for a first
term of 28 years from the date on which it was secured. During
the last (28th) year of the first term, the copyright was
eligible for renewal. The new copyright law has extended the
renewal term from 28 to 47 years for copyrights in existence on
January 1, 1978. However, the copyright still must be renewed in
the 28th calendar year to receive the 47-year period of added
protection. For more detailed information on the copyright term,
write or call the Copyright Office and request Circulars 15a and
15t.

WORKS FIRST PUBLISHED BEFORE 1978:
THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE
*****************************************

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE

In investigating the copyright status of works first
published before January 1, 1978, the most important thing to
look for is the notice of copyright. As a general rule under the
previous law, copyright protection was lost permanently if the
notice was omitted from the first authorized published edition of
a work, or if it appeared in the wrong form or position. The form
and position of the copyright notice for various types of works
were specified in the copyright statute. Some courts were liberal
in overlooking relatively minor departures from the statutory
requirements, but a basic failure to comply with the notice
provisions forfeited copyright protection and put the work into
the public domain in this country.

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ABSENCE OF COPYRIGHT NOTICE

For works first published before 1978, the complete absence
of a copyright notice from a published copy generally indicates
that the work is not protected by copyright. For works first
published before March 1, 1989, the copyright notice is
mandatory. Some works may contain a notice, others may not. The
absence of a notice in March 1, 1989 and later works does not
necessarily indicate that the work is in the public domain.

UNPUBLISHED WORKS. No notice of copyright was required on the
copies of any unpublished work. The concept of "publication" is
very technical, and it was possible for a number of copies
lacking a copyright notice to be reproduced and distributed
without affecting copyright protection.

FOREIGN EDITIONS. Under certain circumstances, the law exempted
copies of a copyrighted work from the notice requirements if they
were first published outside the United States. Some copies of
these foreign editions could find their way into the United
States without impairing the copyright.

ACCIDENTAL OMISSION. The 1909 statute preserved copyright
protection if the notice was omitted by accident or mistake from
a "particular copy or copies."

UNAUTHORIZED PUBLICATION. A valid copyright was not secured if
someone deleted the notice and/or published the work without
authorization from the copyright owner.

SOUND RECORDINGS. Reproductions of sound recordings usually
contain two different types of creative works: the underlying
musical, dramatic, or literary work that is being being performed
or read, and the fixation of the actual sounds embodying the
performance or reading. For protection of the underlying musical
or literary work embodied in a recording, it is not necessary
that a copyright notice covering this material appear on the
phonograph records or tapes in which the recording is reproduced.
As noted above, a special notice is required for protection of
the recording of a series of musical, spoken, or other sounds
which were fixed on or after February 15, 1972. Sound recordings
fixed before February 15, 1972, are not eligible for Federal
copyright protection. The Sound Recording Act of 1971, the
present copyright law, and the Berne Convention Implementation
Act of 1988 cannot be applied or be construed to provide any
retroactive protection for sound recordings fixed before that
date. Such works, however, may be protected by various state laws
or doctrines of common law.

THE DATE IN THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE

If you find a copyright notice, the date it contains may be
important in determining the copyright status of the work. In
general, the notice on works published before 1978 must include
the year in which copyright was secured by publication (or, if
the work was first registered for copyright in unpublished form,
the year in which registration was made). There are two main
exceptions to this rule.

* For pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works (Classes F
through K under the 1909 law) the law permitted omission of
the year date in the notice.

* For "new versions" of previously published or copyrighted
works, the notice was not usually required to include more
than the year of first publication of the new version
itself. This is explained further under "Derivative Works"
below.

The year in the notice usually (though not always) indicated
when the copyright began. It is therefore significant in
determining whether a copyright is still in effect or, if the
copyright has not yet run its course, the year date will help in
deciding when the copyright is scheduled to expire. For further
information about the duration of copyright, request Circular
15a.
In evaluating the meaning of the date in a notice, you
should keep the following points in mind:

WORKS PUBLISHED AND COPYRIGHTED BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1978: A work
published before January 1, 1978, and copyrighted within the past
75 years may still be protected by copyright in the United States
if a valid renewal registration was made during the 28th year of
the first term of the copyright. If renewed, and if still valid
under the other provisions of the law, the copyright will expire
75 years from the end of the year in which it was first secured.
Therefore, the United States copyright in any work published
or copyrighted more than 75 years ago (75 years from January 1st
in the present year) has expired by operation of law, and the
work has permanently fallen into the public domain in the United
States. For example, on January 1, 1991, copyright in works first
published or copyrighted before January 1, 1916, will have
expired on January 1, 1992, copyright in works first published or
copyrighted before January 1, 1917, will have expired.

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WORKS FIRST PUBLISHED OR COPYRIGHTED BETWEEN JANUARY 1, 1916, AND
DECEMBER 31, 1949, BUT NOT RENEWED: If a work was first published
or copyrighted between January 1, 1916, and December 31, 1949, it
is important to determine whether the copyright was renewed
during the last (28th) year of the first term of the copyright.
This can be done by searching the Copyright Office records or
catalogs, as explained above. If no renewal registration was
made, copyright protection expired permanently on the 28th
anniversary of the date it was first secured.

WORKS FIRST PUBLISHED OR COPYRIGHTED BETWEEN JANUARY 1, 1916, AND
DECEMBER 31, 1949, AND REGISTERED FOR RENEWAL: When a valid
renewal registration was made and copyright in the work was in
its second term on December 31, 1977, the renewal copyright term
was extended under the present act to 47 years. In these cases,
copyright will last for a total of 75 years from the end of the
year in which copyright was originally secured. Example:
Copyright in a work first published in 1919, and renewed in 1947,
will expire on December 31 , 1994.

WORKS FIRST PUBLISHED OR COPYRIGHTED BETWEEN JANUARY 1, 1950, AND
DECEMBER 31, 1977: If a work was in its first 28-year term of
copyright protection on January 1, 1978, it must be renewed in a
timely fashion to secure the maximum term of copyright protection
provided by the present copyright law. If renewal registration is
made during the 28th calendar year of its first term, copyright
will endure for 75 years from the end of the year copyright was
originally secured. If not renewed, the copyright expires at the
end of its 28th calendar year.

UNPUBLISHED, UNREGISTERED WORKS: Before 1978, if a work had
neither been "published" in the legal sense nor registered in the
Copyright Office, it was subject to perpetual protection under
the common law. On January 1, 1978, all works of this kind,
subject to protection by copyright, were automatically brought
under the Federal copyright statute. The duration of these
Federal copyrights will vary, but none of them will expire before
December 31, 2002.

DERIVATIVE WORKS

In examining a copy (or a record, disk, or tape) for
copyright information, it is important to determine whether that
particular version of the work is an original edition of the work
or a "new version." New versions include musical arrangements,
adaptations, revised or newly edited editions, translations,
dramatizations, abridgments, compilations, and works republished
with new matter added. The law provides that derivative works
are independently copyrightable and that the copyright in such a
work does not affect or extend the protection, if any, in the
underlying work. Under the 1909 law, courts have also held that
the notice of copyright on a derivative work ordinarily need not
include the dates or other information pertaining to the earlier
works incorporated in it. This principle is specifically
preserved in the present copyright law.
Thus, if the copy (or the record, disk, or tape) constitutes
a derivative version of the work, these points should be kept in
mind:

* The date in the copyright notice is not necessarily an
indication of when copyright in all of the material in the
work will expire. Some of the material may already be in the
public domain, and some parts of the work may expire sooner
than others.

* Even if some of the material in the derivative work is in
the public domain and free for use, this does not mean that
the "new" material added to it can be used without
permission from the owner of copyright in the derivative
work. It may be necessary to compare editions to determine
what is free to use and what is not.

* Ownership of rights in the material included in a derivative
work and in the preexisting work upon which it may be based
may differ, and permission obtained from the owners of
certain parts of the work may not authorize the use of other
parts.

THE NAME IN THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE

Under the copyright statute in effect before 1978, the
notice was required to include "the name of the copyright

proprietor." The present act requires that the notice include
"the name of the owner of copyright in the work, or an
abbreviation by which the name can be recognized, or a generally
known alternative designation of the owner." The name in the
notice (sometimes in combination with the other statements on the
copy, record, disk, tape, container, or label) often gives
persons wishing to use the work the information needed to
identify the owner from whom licenses or permission can be
sought. In other cases, the name provides a starting point for a
search in the Copyright Office records or catalogs, as explained
at the beginning in this circular.

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In the case of works published before 1978, copyright
registration is made in the name of the individual person or the
entity identified as the copyright owner in the notice. For works
published after 1978, registration is made in the name of the
person or entity owning all the rights on the date the
registration is made. This may or may not be the name appearing
in the notice. In addition to its records of copyright
registration, the Copyright Office maintains extensive records of
assignments, exclusive licenses, and other documents dealing with
copyright ownership.

AD INTERIM

Ad interim copyright was a special short-term copyright that
applied to certain books and periodicals in the English language,
first manufactured and published outside the United States. It
was a partial exception to the manufacturing requirements of the
previous United States copyright law. Its purpose was to secure
temporary United States protection for a work, pending the
manufacture of an edition in the United States. The ad interim
requirements changed several times over the years, and were
subject to a number of exceptions and qualifications.
The manufacturing provisions of the copyright act expired on
July 1, 1986, and are no longer a part of the copyright law. The
transitional and supplementary provisions of the act provide that
for any work in which ad interim copyright was subsisting or
capable of being secured on December 31, 1977, copyright
protection would be extended for a term compatible with the other
works in which copyright was subsisting on the effective date of
the new act. Consequently, if the work was first published on or
after July 1, 1977, and was eligible for ad interim copyright
protection, the provisions of the present copyright act will be
applicable to the protection of these works. Anyone investigating
the copyright status of an English-language book or periodical
first published outside the United States before July 1, 1977,
should check carefully to determine:

* Whether the manufacturing requirements were applicable to
the work and

* If so, whether the ad interim requirements were met.


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--------------------------- cut here ----------------------------


SEARCH REQUEST FORM

Copyright Office Monday-Friday
Reference & Bibliography Section 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m.
Library of Congress (Eastern time)
Washington, D.C. 20559
(202) 707-6850

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

TYPE OF WORK:

__Book __Music __Motion Picture

__Drama __Sound Recording __Photograph/Artwork

__Map __Periodical __Contribution

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

SEARCH INFORMATION YOU REQUIRE:

__Registration __Renewal __Assignment __Address

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

SPECIFICS OF WORK TO BE SEARCHED:

TITLE:________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________


AUTHOR:_______________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________


COPYRIGHT CLAIMANT (if known):________________________________
(name in copyright notice)

APPROXIMATE YEAR DATE OF
PUBLICATION/CREATION:_____________________


REGISTRATION NUMBER (if known):_______________________________

OTHER IDENTIFYING
INFORMATION:__________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________

If you need more space please attach additional pages.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

ESTIMATES ARE BASED ON THE COPYRIGHT OFFICE FEE OF $10.00 AN HOUR
OR FRACTION OF AN HOUR CONSUMED. THE MORE INFORMATION YOU FURNISH
AS A BASIS FOR THE SEARCH THE BETTER SERVICE WE CAN PROVIDE.

NAMES, TITLES, AND SHORT PHRASES ARE NOT COPYRIGHTABLE.

Please read Circular 22 for more information on copyright
searches.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

YOUR
NAME:_________________________________________________________


ADDRESS:______________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________

DAYTIME TELEPHONE NO.
(____)_______________________________________


Convey results of estimate/search by telephone? __yes
__no

Fee Enclosed? __yes Amount $_________________________
__no


-------------------------- cut here ---------------------------


COPYRIGHT OFFICE * LIBRARY OF CONGRESS * WASHINGTON, D.C. 20559


END
*******************************************************

Note: This file has been edited for use on computer networks.
This editing required the removal of diacritics and fonts such as
italics and bold. You can obtain a copy of the original by
writing to the Copyright Office at the above address.

kde 8/92



  3 Responses to “Category : Various Text files
Archive   : LOC-COPY.ZIP
Filename : COPY4.TXT

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/