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Delivery-Date: 11 August 1993 03:54 edt
Delivery-By: Network_Server.Daemon ([email protected]@hpfcla.fc.h)
Date: Wednesday, 11 August 1993 03:00 edt
From: homebrew-request at HPFCMI.FC.HP.COM (Verify address before sending)
Subject: Homebrew Digest #1201 (August 11, 1993)
To: homebrew at HPFCMI.FC.HP.COM
Errors-To: [email protected]
Precedence: bulk

HOMEBREW Digest #1201 Wed 11 August 1993

Rob Gardner, Digest Coordinator

RE: I need a new factor! (Bob Regent)
irish moss/ barley water (Ed Hitchcock)
Wheat beer yeast (Lee=A.=Menegoni)
Prescription Beer (Tim Anderson)
RE: moldy dishes, wet milling, weizen yeast (James Dipalma)
Re: Irish Moss Question (David Resch)
Re: A Draft Chili Beer? (wegeng.XKeys)
Testing yeast viability and cell density ("Bob Jones")
Bottled Water ("Walker John")
Water and carbonation (blazo)
Second batch of beer ("Michael Barre" )
OKC brew stores (Paul Biron)
New Sanitizing Agent ? (Richard Childers)
Re: Dry Hopping Belgians & Irish Moss NOT (Jeff Frane)
banned brews (RBSWEENEY)
New Factor ("Manning, Martin P")
RE: Yeast contaminant: Irish moss: Barley water (John Mare)
Rye ale/"New" Formula/dryhopping/moldy plates (korz)
Weddings and homebrew (""Robert C. Santore"")
Mini Keg System (Alan Belke)
Weihenstephan #68 & T. Delbrukki (Jim Busch)
Irish Moss (arne thormodsen)
Bottling Kegged Beer (Robert Pulliam)
Sanitizing swing-top bottles (David Turner)
Subject: A Draft Chili Beer? (Jim Vahsen)
water filter (J. Michael Burgeson)
Suggestions/Thoughts/Recipes for Plum beers/meads? ("KEVIN SCHUTZ, X-1738, M/S 10125")

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Date: Mon, 9 Aug 93 20:47:54 PDT
From: Bob Regent
Subject: RE: I need a new factor!

Steve Casselman asked about the ratio of weight of grains vs the weight of
dissolved extract. This is typically known as the extaction potential (%).
This is the way that the data is presented from the maltster, they dont
represent the data way that most homebrewers are used to. (pts/lbs/gallon)
My program, Brewer's Calculator, comes with the extraction potentials for most
malts using both the extraction percentage and pt/lb/gallon methods.
It also allows you to enter your own data using either technique, and
automatically converts the other. (cheap plug, sorry)

To convert from one to the other is easy.

Extract X .461 = pt/lb/gallon - 1

For example, if your grain has an extract potential of 76%, then

76 X .461 = 35 or (1.035)

This may or may not be usefull in recreating grain recipes using extracts.
You must remember that Syrup extracts contain only about 76% solids and DME is
97.6 so you would have to take that into considerations when formulating.

- --bob


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 09:38:06 -0300
From: Ed Hitchcock
Subject: irish moss/ barley water

Steve Lichtenberg writes:
>I purchased some plugs of Irish moss from a garden supply store about
>a year ago. These are incredible growers; going from <1" plugs when
>originally planted to > 18" clusters in just 1 year. They make a great
>ground cover with a thick compact mass of growth about 1 1/2" tall. A neat
>addition to the landscape. Now on to the question-- Anyone have any
>experience using fresh IM for brewing? Do I need to dry it or can it
>be used right from the ground? Any precautions to prevent contamination?

I've got bad news. The irish moss you have is not the irish moss used in
brewing. The irish moss clarifying agent is from a marine alga (seaweed).

>While watching "Mary Poppins" for the ten thousandth time (can you say
>parent of a three year old? ;-)), I noticed a line that goes "and
>doesn't smell like barley water". My first thought was that this must
>be an objectionable perfume but after thinking about it for a few minutes
>I realized that this must be a reference to some type of alcoholic
>beverage. Anyone knowledgeable in early 20th century London slang
>have any idea as to whether this refers to our favorite malt beverage
>or the other venerable potion made from barley malt (for those that
>can not figure out the obscure reference, I am talking about 'the good
>stuff' Scotch whiskey)..

One possibility: Malted barley infused with warm water was used as
a tonic. With all those wonderful enzymes coursing through it, it's sure
to cure what ails you. I can try asking my dad, since his dad published
the books in the first place.

Ed Hitchcock/Dept of Anatomy & Neurobiology/Dalhousie University/Halifax NS
[email protected] +-----------------------------------------+
| Never trust a statement that begins: |
| "I'm not racist, but..." |
Diversity in all things. Especially beer.


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 08:47:47 EDT
From: [email protected]
Subject: Wheat beer yeast

Re: Wheat beer yeast. The strain of yeast DOES matter to the end product.
This summer HBD contributer Jim DiPalma has brewed some good wheat beers using
a strain of Weinstephen yeast but they lacked the clovey character. He then
got the "correct" yeast and his brews were excellent with clovey and fruity
tones. Given his meticulous brewing technique and similarity in recipe the
differences were cleary the product of the yeast used.

RE: Presription beer. My high school Spanish teacher told us they would
feed their young child beer, which they had warmed to remove alcohol and
CO2, while traveling in South America since the water supply was unreliable.
The beer was rich in carbohydrates too. I have heard that another reason
to "prescribe" alcohol was to circumvent prohibition.


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 08:01:15 PDT
From: [email protected] (Tim Anderson)
Subject: Prescription Beer

My grandmother loves to tell me the story of how Grandpa's homebrew saved my
uncle's life. She always tells it in a conspiratorial tone, when my parents
aren't around. Which is pretty cute, since I'm in my mid forties.

My grandparents were Nebraska farmers during prohibition, and like lots of
folks during that time, they were brewers of the best kind of of beer:
available. Their third child, Charles, had serious digestive problems as an
infant. He was unable to keep anything down, including his mother's milk.
He was dangerously thin and his parents were resigned to losing him. One day
as Grandpa was walking him around the room trying to give some comfort, he took
a drink of beer. Baby Charles smacked his lips, apparently in response to the
smell of the beer. Grandpa dipped his finger and put it into the baby's mouth.
He sucked eagerly. The expected reaction didn't occur, so he got a little
more. After several serious dips from the ol' beer stein he nursed and
didn't lose it. He binged for a couple of weeks, was fat and healthy and
they took him off the beer without ill effect.

I offer no theories, I just tell 'em the way I hear 'em. I'd love to add that
Uncle Chuck continues to have his beer with a milk chaser, but it just ain't
so, and I've resolved to keep my stories mostly honest. But I have noticed
that whenever he's drinking beer, he tends to get awfully friendly with his
wife, and she tends to give him those "drop dead" kinds of looks.

"I said 'mostly', OK?"


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 11:10:01 EDT
From: [email protected] (James Dipalma)
Subject: RE: moldy dishes, wet milling, weizen yeast

Hi All,

In HBD#1200, Steve Lichtenberg wrote:

>I was going to start a batch of yeast in anticipation of brewing later
>in the week. When I went to get my petri dish with the culture on it
>out of the fridge, I noticed that the entire surface of the dish was
>covered with a green growth of mold

>Anyone have any
>suggestions on how to improve my techniques in handling cultures so that
>this type of contamination does not happen again.

I'm not sure your techniques are to blame, I've never had any success
with long-term storage of cultures on petri dishes. The top and bottom
halves do not form an airtight seal. After streaking the plates, I seal
them with electrician's tape, and store them in a warm place. Two or three
days later, the colonies are sufficiently grown to harvest them, I then
innoculate several slants. After one or two days at room temperature, I
store the slants in the refridgerator, they're good for several months.
I have noticed that even when I reseal the plates with the tape, within
a week or so fuzzy growths appear that look like mold. From this, I
concluded that long term storage on petri dishes was not a good idea, and
have been using the above procedure with good results.

Disclaimer: I'm a software engineer, not a microbiologist (hence the use
of the decidely non-technical term "fuzzy growths"), so would welcome
comments by others more knowledgable.


Also in HBD#1200, Thomas G. Moore writes:

>In Eric Warner's German Wheat Beer book he mentions milling
>malted barley wet as to keep the husks intact. This will help com-
>bat stuck run-offs during lautering. Has anyone used this method
>with wheat beer decoctions?

I tried this exactly once, the first batch of weizen I brewed after
reading Warner's book.
I sprinkled the barley gently with water, and kept turning it until
it was all lightly moistened. I ran it through an adjustable Maltmill,
which does an excellent job of keeping husks intact in any event. This
procedure *does* work, at least in terms of minimizing husk damage. It
appeared as though each kernel had been gently opened - the water definitely
helped reduce tearing of husks. The problem was cleaning the mill
afterwards - the grooves in the rollers filled with the "paste" that
resulted from flour and water, which dried quickly and became rock-hard.
It was a major chore to clean up the rollers afterward, so I never tried
this again. I get a good quality crush with the MM, and use a staggered
protein rest and decoction mashing when brewing weizens, so I haven't had
any problems with cloudy or stuck runoffs.
If you use a corona, I think this would be worth a try. It does reduce
husk damage, which is one of the corona's biggest drawbacks, and cleanup
shouldn't be a problem with a mill that doesn't have grooved rollers.


Also in HBD#1200, Al Korz writes:

>One piece of data from me in Eric's defense: the Troubleshooting Issue of
>Zymurgy lists wheat malt as a source for phenolic (clove-like) character.
>Perhaps this is the true source of the clove-like character in German
>Weizens or maybe it's a combination of this and the yeast.

Working from memory here, don't have Warner's book in front of me, but
he writes that an important precursor to the 4-vinyl guaiacol phenolic,
which is responsible for the clove-like flavor, is free ferulic acid.
He goes on to state that ester bonds bind ferulic acid to pentasanes in
the grain (can't recall if he meant wheat or barley), and recommends an
acid rest at 110F to produce ferulic acid in it's free form.
That said, I've had an interesting time brewing weizens this summer. I
obtained a Weihenstephan #68 culture early in May, and brewed a couple of
batches, dutifully following Warner's procedures. While the beers were OK,
neither had the desired clove character.
I did some investigation, as it turned out, the strain I had obtained was
quite old. I found out that the strain was the original 1991 vintage, which
apparently "pooped out". Commercial weizen brewers have experienced the same
problem with this strain. It was quietly replaced in 1992 by those who
distribute this yeast with a strain that has displayed considerably longer
staying power. Since then, I have brewed three other batches of weizen,
two dunkels and a pale, with the 1992 vintage, same recipes, same procedures.
These brews are *wonderful*, hit-me-over-the-head clovey, well balanced with
banana, with hints of vanilla, nutmeg, cinnamon - everything I love about
So, the moral is: IT'S THE YEAST.



Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 09:10:57 MDT
From: [email protected] (David Resch)
Subject: Re: Irish Moss Question

Steve Lichtenberg writes:

>I purchased some plugs of Irish moss from a garden supply store about
>a year ago. These are incredible growers; going from <1" plugs when
>originally planted to > 18" clusters in just 1 year. They make a great
>ground cover with a thick compact mass of growth about 1 1/2" tall. A neat
>addition to the landscape. Now on to the question-- Anyone have any
>experience using fresh IM for brewing? Do I need to dry it or can it
>be used right from the ground? Any precautions to prevent contamination?

The "Irish Moss" you bought at a garden supply store is not the same as the
Irish Moss used as a kettle coagulant in home brewing. The Irish Moss that
we use is actually a marine red algae (Chondrus Crispus, if I am remembering
correctly from my marine biology days).



Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 06:02:04 PDT
From: [email protected]
Subject: Re: A Draft Chili Beer?

>However, I prefer
>to (Cornelius) keg my beers, and I'm wondering a bit about just
>how much of what variet(ies) of peppers to use!
>What about a chili extract in alcohol?

Have you considered using hot pepper sauce? A couple years ago someone on the
HBD suggested using Tabasco Sauce (any hot sauce based only on peppers would
do, so experiment to determine which varieties you like best). You can
determine the amount to add by adding one drop at a time to a pint of beer,
stiring and tasting after each addition, until you determine how many
drops/pint give you the desired degree of hotness. Then multiply this by the
number of pints of beer that you want to make to determine how many drops to
add to your keg (perhaps subtracting 10% to be safe).

I haven`t tried this, but it would seem to be more predictable than adding
whole peppers (and more repeatable, too).

[email protected]


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 08:32:17 -0700 (PDT)
From: "Bob Jones"
Subject: Testing yeast viability and cell density

How does one test yeast viability? Do you stain, then dilute, then estimate
at the fraction of the yeast that are stained (the bad ones) while viewing
at low magnification? Please, someone explain this technique to me in detail.

I am also interested in the techniques used to determine the quantity of
yeast in a starter for proper pitching ratios.

Bob Jones

It was one whole day before I had a beer after returning from Portland! The
best beer I had in Portland was a beer called "Mirror Pond" from Deschutes.
What a great ale, big hops, great malt character and incredible depth and
complexity. All the beers were good and the Portland people seem to be very
serious about their beer.


Date: 10 Aug 1993 11:29:03 U
From: "Walker John"
Subject: Bottled Water

Does anyone have any comments or experiences using bottled spring water for
brewing. How does it compare and are there any obvious advantages or
disadvantages (other than cost).

John Walker
[email protected]


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 11:41:34 EDT
From: [email protected]
Subject: Water and carbonation

In HBD 11999, Guy DeRose (DEROSEGA%ML%[email protected]) writes:

>A batch of stout I made in February (extract + specialty grains) started out
by having "perfect" carbonation and head retention, but after aging in the
bottles it became overcarbonated...The beer tastes fine, so infection does
not seem to be the culprit... Is there a
relation between high mineral content of water and increased carbonation as a
function of time? Could the "yuck" in my water
erve as nucleation sites for bubbles?<

I think that the most salient question is: what was the starting and
finishing gravity of the brew in question? Ofttimes, "gushing" is caused by
incomplete fermentation or infection (which you feel you have ruled out),
which is not always detectable via tasting. What is the mineral content of
your water? All the Burton-on-Trent brews (Double Diamond and Bass, to name
a couple) are made with extremely high mineral content water. Write back to
us about the O.G. & F.G. & exact recipe, including priming agent & dosage.


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 10:49 CDT
From: "Michael Barre"
Subject: Second batch of beer

Thanks to the advice given by Mark, Al, and Tom over this forum, my
second batch of beer is good! I made a Pale Ale using Northwestern
Gold extract, Wyeast (American Ale), Cluster hop pellets (the homebrew
store's suggestion), and Ozone spring water.
Hot break: After the water/malt had heated for 25 minutes, it began
changing from very cloudy to egg-drop-soupy. After 45 mintues it
reached a fast boil and I then added 3/4'ths (1.5 oz.) of the hops.
Aroma hops: After another 30 minutes, I added the last 0.5 oz. and
removed the pot to the ice-water-filled-sink.
Cold break: After 45 mintues I poured the wort into a settling bucket
(w/out straining), leaving 1/8'th inch of hop residue in the pot. A
couple of minutes later I poured the wort into the carboy with 3 gallons
of jug-aerated water, leaving behind more residue.
Liquid Yeast: It smelled good. Rehydrated dried yeast does not. I
pitched the yeast into the 75F wort. 12 hours later no yeast activity
was apparent. After 24 hours, the beer was swimming and foaming like
crazy. Fermantation continued for 5 days. I then racked to a
secondary, losing the siphon once because I didn't realize that the
curve of the siphon tube in the carboy put the racking tip almost 4
inches up off the bottom.
Irish Moss: I rehydrated about 2 teaspoons of I.M. and added it to
the secondary before racking, resulting in globs-of-goop all in the
beer, which congregated at the top and bottom after 4 days.
Racking tip: I then siphoned the beer into the bottling bucket using
the racking tip in the trub and discarding the first cup or two of beer.
Bottled Beer: Clear and tasty!



Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 10:48:45 CDT
From: paulb%[email protected] (Paul Biron)
Subject: OKC brew stores

Does anyone know of any H.B. supply stores in the Oklahoma City/Mustang/Yukon
area. We're moving there in October and I need to know if I should stock up in
Ft. Worth before the move.

Paul Biron
MIT/Lincoln Laboratory
Dallas, TX


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 09:01:14 -0700
From: [email protected] (Richard Childers)
Subject: New Sanitizing Agent ?

Has anyone experimented with hydrogen peroxide as a sanitation agent ?

I'm not clear on the mechanics of the substance, but, besides reacting
with organic matter, it also super-oxidizes the solution it is added to.

I have heard of hydrogen peroxide being used as a food additive, also.
The theory is that the environment humans evolved in was far more rich
with oxygen than it is now, especially in city environments - and that
this subtle but detectable oxygen deprivation leads to anaerobic bac-
-teria populations increasing within one's body ... resulting in more
opportunities for infection, lethargy, et caet.

Specific infections I've heard it mentioned in connection with include
herpes and warts ( both anaerobic viruses ), as well as AIDS. I'm not
saying that it's a panacaea, just noting that there is research on this
topic here in the Bay Area.

( I've been trying this - neither hydrogen nor oxygen are poisonous, and
hydrogen peroxide is recommended by dentists after oral surgery, as a
dilute mouth rinse - and a wart on one finger *does* appear to be in
remission. Just a data point. I'm using three droppers-full, twice a
day, in a glass of Tang, each time. )

In connection with brewing, could it not also be used to oxygenate the
wort ? Just a wild idea, but it makes intuitive sense to me ...

Further experimentation is indicated ...

- -- richard

| |
| "A cloak is no longer a cloak if it does not keep one warm." |
| |
| richard childers [email protected] |


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 09:07:49 -0700 (PDT)
From: [email protected] (Jeff Frane)
Subject: Re: Dry Hopping Belgians & Irish Moss NOT

> From: "Robert K. Toutkoushian"
> Subject: Question about dry hopping
> Hello there:
> I have a question concerning dry hopping. This is my first shot at
> this, so please bear with me:
> I am in the process of making a Belgian Ale (just pitched it this
> morning ๐Ÿ™‚ ), and the recipe calls for dry hopping w/2 oz. Fuggles hops.
> I understand that dry hopping involves adding hops to the wort after
> transferring it to a secondary fermenter.
First of all, this is a bizarre recipe, given that Belgian Ales (in all
their utter complexity and diversity) are known for a near-total lack of
hop aroma. So, forget it this time.

> My problem is that I have a limited amount of brewing equipment,
> and no $$$ to expand right now. I have been using a primary fermenter, and
> then once the SG has stabilized, transferred to a second carboy that has a
> spicket attached to the bottom for bottling (this carboy does not have a
> lid).

A carboy by definition, I should think, has some sort of lid, doesn't
it? At any rate, what is generally referred to as a carboy is a glass
bottle (usually 5-7 gallons); there are things I mightcall a "carboy" in
a pinch that are made out of plastic. Are you referring to a plastic
bucket? If you can spend the limited $$ necessary to pick up a glass
carboy (around $10-12 max.) you would be doing yourself a service --
unless you have a very sterile area to keep your open secondary in. An
open primary, maybe, with very vigorous yeast growth, but a secondary is
pretty scary.

Assuming that you have something safe to put your beer in for a
secondary, simply place loose hops in a cheesecloth bag, tie it closed
and stuff it in the secondary. For simplicity's sake, don't bother
sterilizing rocks or marbles and stuffing them in the bag -- an utter
waste of time, in my book. If you want a real hoppy flavor, use very
aromatic hops, use lots of them and leave them in for weeks. When you
bottle, simply rack over into that dubious secondary with the spigot;
the hops will stay in the bag.

Putting hops in for a couple of hours is likely a waste of time and
effort; for that result you could simply add hops at the end of the
boil, or run the hot wort over fresh hops on the way to the fermenter.

But for now, leave them out!

> From: [email protected] (Steve Lichtenberg x79300)
> Second--
> I purchased some plugs of Irish moss from a garden supply store about
> a year ago. These are incredible growers; going from <1" plugs when
> originally planted to > 18" clusters in just 1 year. They make a great
> ground cover with a thick compact mass of growth about 1 1/2" tall. A neat
> addition to the landscape. Now on to the question-- Anyone have any
> experience using fresh IM for brewing? Do I need to dry it or can it
> be used right from the ground? Any precautions to prevent contamination?

Stop! Irish moss is NOT MOSS! The stuff used in brewing is produced
from seaweed (kelp, probably). It's also not from Ireland. Leave your
moss on the ground and keep it out of the beer!

Speaking (as you were) of kids' movies, we watched Darby O'Gill and the
Little People the other night. Those old guys could really suck down
the Guinness.

(Not the little people; they drank whiskey -- just goes to show what
distilled beverages will do to you.)

- --Jeff Frane


Date: 09 Aug 1993 22:06:45 -0600 (CST)
From: [email protected]
Subject: banned brews

A small article in Monday's USA Today caught my attention. Montpelier, Vermont:
"The state is cracking down on strong beers, banning restaurants and stores
from buying more, Dept. of Liquor Control officials say. Included are malt
beverages with higher than 6% alcohol by volume - such as Sierra Nevada or
I was wondering if any of the digest subscribers in VT could throw some light
on this situation. Have there been incidents of rowdy Bigfoot Barley Wine
drinkers getting out of control? Or is this just another example of government
of the people, government of the people, government of the people?

Just curious,

Bob Sweeney
Department of Management Information Systems
Memphis State University
[email protected]


Date: 11 Aug 1993 00:58:04 -0600
From: "Manning, Martin P"
Subject: New Factor

The "new factor" Steve Casselman is looking for is the weight-percent yield of
extract. It is the fraction of the weight of a mash or kettle ingredient which
appears as extract in the wort. A 100% yield will give 46.3 points/lb/gal @
60F, so some typical examples of %-yield are:

Dry Malt Extract at 45 pt/lb/gal = 45.0/46.3 = 0.97 (97%)

2-Row Malted Barley at 34 pt/lb/gal = 34.0/46.3 = 0.734 (73.4%)

The tables published in Dave Miller's book and in Zymurgy can be converted to
%-yield using this factor. Noonan's "Brewing Lager Beer" has good table of
%-yield from a number of extract sources, which can be converted to pt/lb/gal,
if desired. Professionals generally use %-yield, and the typical lab analysis
of a sample of malt or other grain will give extract figures in this form.

So, to make 5 gallons of beer of SG 1.048, with an expected yield of 73.4%, the
amount of grain needed is (48 x 5) / (0.734 x 46.3) = 7.06 lb. To convert this
weight to an equivalent amount of dry malt extract, you need 7.06 x (0.734 /
0.97) = 5.34 lb.

Martin Manning


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 10:18:48 -0600 (CST)
From: John Mare
Subject: RE: Yeast contaminant: Irish moss: Barley water

Steve asks about yeast culturing techniques, growing Irish moss, and
drinking barley water. About your agar contamination problem: It is hard to
comment not being familiar with your technique. A few comments may be
helpful. Work in a still (draught-free) place, use a flame (eg. propane
torch) and a platinum loop (ex microbiology kit at a hobby shop). Start from
a clean liquid culture and after flaming the loop streak the surface of your
agar quickly and replace lid. Keep at room temperature for a few days until
colonies are visible, place in plastic bag (eg. sandwich bag) and
refrigerate. When making starters pick individual colonies with a sterile
but cooled loop (dip into clear area of agar plate). DON'T flood agar plate
as has been suggested recently. This is a sure way to pick up the odd
contaminant which may find its way into you surface culture.
"Irish moss" as used in fining during the boil is carageenan, a seaweed
found among other places off the coast of Ireland Scotland and Wales. The
weed is harvested, dried and flaked or pelleted for use as a fining agent.
The "Irish moss" you are growing is another creature unless you have a spot
of ocean at your disposal!
One of the bane's of my early years growing up in the "British Way" was
having to endure "barley water" which my mother prepared because "it was
good for you!" This was simply a mild barley broth, strained, and served
cold when we were well, and hot with added "Marmite" (yeast extract) when we
were ailing! In the Mary Poppins context which you quote there may be a
another more spirituous dimension!
John Mar!, John's Alehouse, Tucson.


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 13:16 CDT
From: [email protected]
Subject: Rye ale/"New" Formula/dryhopping/moldy plates

Kari writes:
>Comments: There are some things I'll change when I brew my
>next rye ale. First, I'll do a temperature controlled mash
>with starch conversion at about 150-155 deg F. I won't use
>more than 3-4 ounces rye malt, because the rye malt I use is
>very dark and quite bitter, so 7 ounces is simply too much.

Interesting. Red Hook Brewing Company is currently making a
Summer Rye, which is quite pale. It's an interesting beer
and although I was at the brewery and got a tour of the new,
*automated* kegging line, I did not get to talk to the brewmaster.
So, I did not get the percentage of rye in this beer or what the
other base malts might be. Judging from the flavor, I would
say that there may be a considerable percentage of wheat in
this beer. Could someone from Seattle look into this?
Domenick? Darryl?

Subject: I want a new formula

Alas, I've lost the original poster's name, and Kieran did post sort-of
a formula for what the poster wanted, but I feel that just a couple of
number is all that they really needed, so I'm posting my suggestions.

For substituting syrup for pale/pils malt, I recommend multiplying by 0.74
and for substituting dry malt extract for pale/pils malt, multiply by 0.67.

I used 28 pts/lb/gal for the grain, 38 pts/lb/gal for the malt extract syrup
and 42 pts/lb/gal for the dried malt extract.

Actually, everything is dependent on the efficiency of the extraction that
the author of the recipe achieved and on the brand of syrup/DME you use.
A much more accurate way to duplicate all-grain recipes using extract is
to look at the OG of the recipe and figure out how much extract you need
to hit this target. What I do is use the crystal and roasted malts/grains
as they are listed in the recipe and then subtract their contribution from
the OG. Here's an example:

5 gallons of Pale Ale with an OG of 1055 that contains 3/4 lb
of light crystal malt.

1. subtract away the water (1.000) leaving 0.055

2. let's say you know that you get 0.022 per pound per gallon from your
crystal malt, so you do the math:

0.022pts * 0.75lbs / 5 gallons = 0.0033pts

3. subtract the 0.0033 from the 0.055 target and you get about 0.057

4. let's say you know you get 0.040 per pound per gallon from Northwestern
Gold Extract, so you decide you will use 6lbs in the 5 gallon batch and
make up the difference with dry extract, so again you do the math:

0.040pts * 6lbs / 5 gallons = 0.048pts

5. subtract the 0.048 from the 0.057 and you're left with 0.009pts

6. let's say you know you get 0.044 per pound per gallon from M&F DME,
so you do the math:

0.009pts * 5gallons / 0.044pts = 1.02lbs

So you use 3/4 lb of crystal malt, 6 lbs of NW Gold and 1 lb of M&F DME.

Rob writes:
> I am in the process of making a Belgian Ale (just pitched it this
>morning ๐Ÿ™‚ ), and the recipe calls for dry hopping w/2 oz. Fuggles hops.
>I understand that dry hopping involves adding hops to the wort after
>transferring it to a secondary fermenter.
> My problem is that I have a limited amount of brewing equipment,
>and no $$$ to expand right now. I have been using a primary fermenter, and
>then once the SG has stabilized, transferred to a second carboy that has a
>spicket attached to the bottom for bottling (this carboy does not have a

If you have the room, add whole Fuggles (they float, so it will be easier
to siphon out from under them) to your primary. Let them sit for 7 to 10
days and then bottle as usual. If you don't have the room, you can siphon
the beer into your bottling bucket, rinse and re-sanitize your primary and
siphon the beer back onto the hops in the primary.


--S (sorry, lost your whole name) writes:
>I was going to start a batch of yeast in anticipation of brewing later
>in the week. When I went to get my petri dish with the culture on it
>out of the fridge, I noticed that the entire surface of the dish was
>covered with a green growth of mold :-(. I had to start from a new slant
>with a different strain than I had intended to ues. Anyone have any
>suggestions on how to improve my techniques in handling cultures so that
>this type of contamination does not happen again.

Molds are aerobic. Luckily, yeasts are anerobic. You can put your petri
dish in a "Tupperware" container and then purge the container with CO2.
If you don't have a tank of CO2 handy, you can pour a cup of beer into
a pitcher, loosely cover the top and agitate (cheap beer will work for
this) briskly. The agitation will cause the CO2 in the beer to come out
of solution and you can then pour-off the CO2 (remember, it's heavier
than air) into the "Tupperware" container. Work slowly, in a room with
still air (turn off the a/c and let the air settle down) and you'll have
enough CO2 left in the bottom of the container to displace the air that
the molds are breathing. Just picture the CO2 as an invisible liquid,
like the fog from a fog machine. Hey, if you have some dry ice available,
you can just plop a piece of it next to the petri dish in the tupperware
(leave the top open a crack till the dry ice disappears or drill a hole
and put in an airlock so the top doesn't blow off). Don't do this work
in a damp basement where there's more molds in the air.



Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 14:37:45 -0400
From: ""Robert C. Santore""
Subject: Weddings and homebrew

JC Ferguson writes:
> I'm getting married in late october of this year and i'd like to supply
> at least some if not all of the beer at my wedding. With this in mind,
> I have a few questions:
> 1) In today's sue-your-neighbor environment, what kind of legal issues,
Well, I don't see any difference between serving homebrew or commercial
brew - unless it is unusually potent or something like that - but you never
what what they'll dream up to stick you with.

> 2) If it isn't much a legal hassle/worry, I'd like to think about brewing
> some stuff up now. I'd like to brew one heavier brew, appropriate for
I am getting married this Saturday and I'll have six kegs of homebrew at the
wedding. I brewed two kegs of weizen and two of a bitter that I planned
on serving during the day time. Both of those brews were on the light side
(O.G. 1.042 or so) so that people won't get schnockered on two glasses. I
also plan on having one keg of commercial light beer (which, as my brew-
partner is fond of saying, is for those who don't like beer) and one case
of non-alcoholic beer. Although that sounds like a lot of beer we have 260
people coming. That averages about 1 pint (or two 8 oz glasses) per person
which I think is a sane amount. Of course, there is no guaruntee that one
person won't get drunk and I can't police 260 people. So as an added level
of control we have hired a bartender to police the kegs and keep an eye on
things. It's not a perfect system but we hoped it would be a nice compromise
between people having responsible fun and not letting it get out of hand.
Estimating that only half the people coming will actually drink beer, that
still comes out to two pints per person. Consuming that much beer over a
four hour period and in addition to a meal should be within reason.

The extra two kegs are a heavier pale ale (still not too heavy though, maybe
1.050? I can't remember off hand). But I am only going to serve that beer
in the evening for people staying overnight - one keg at the rehersal and
one the day of the wedding. There should be about 40 people for each of
those nights and, again, I think that is a sane amount.

Good luck on your event! I certainly would recommend getting a head start
on it. It's not so far away that you should be worrying about stability
problems. I may have more insight into the wisdom of serving homebrew at
an event like that when I come back from our honeymoon.

- Bob Santore
[email protected]


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 11:03 CDT
From: [email protected] (Alan Belke)
Subject: Mini Keg System

This is my first posting to HBD so please be gentle. First I have
an observation and then a question.

Since I have been receiving HBD I have noticed many times that a
question doesn't seem to get answered. Then all of a sudden there

is a post from the person who asked the question saying thanks for
the help. What is the protocol here? Are answers supposed to be
e-mailed or posted back to the digest? Since I am interested in
the digest as a learning tool I, obviously, would prefer the dialog
be done in the digest.

Now the question: Has anyone seen, used, or done anything with the
mini keg system advertised by Brew Ha Ha. It looks very attractive
to me since I brew fairly infrequently (4 times a year or less) and
it would be nice to get out from under bottles.

Al Belke


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 16:51:01 EDT
From: Jim Busch
Subject: Weihenstephan #68 & T. Delbrukki

In the last digest,


I am not claiming to be an expert on yeast taxonomy, but I do have some
sources. I also do not intend to provoke a flame fest, but here goes..
In the ATCC, S. delbrukki is listed as a valid synonym for T. Delbrukki, but
appears to have been isolated from sources other than beer, ie wine and
tree sap. So , unless other references are available that I am unaware
of, it appears that this organisim is not involved in wort fermentation.

Referring to the Weihenstephan catalog , an english translation of the
catalog, calls the yeast a top fermenting S. cerevisiae. No doubt that
T. Del exists but unless further evidence is found, I will stick with
the designation from the Weihenstephan laboratories.

Tom's comments regarding the importance of the biochemical properties
of the strains in our beer production over the importance of the
taxonomy is quite true. I am merely attempting to clarify what I have
found to be a confusing aspect of the homebrewing literature.

Good brewing,
Jim Busch


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 14:27:06 -0700
From: arne thormodsen
Subject: Irish Moss

>Date: Mon, 9 Aug 93 09:57:45 -0400
>From: [email protected] (Steve Lichtenberg x79300)
>Subject: questions
> Greetings All:
> While setting up a brew session this past weekend, I came up with a few
> questions that I was hoping the good people of the net would help me with.

>I purchased some plugs of Irish moss from a garden supply store about
>a year ago. These are incredible growers; going from <1" plugs when
>originally planted to > 18" clusters in just 1 year. They make a great
>ground cover with a thick compact mass of growth about 1 1/2" tall. A neat
>addition to the landscape. Now on to the question-- Anyone have any
>experience using fresh IM for brewing? Do I need to dry it or can it
>be used right from the ground? Any precautions to prevent contamination?

"Irish Moss" for beer is a kind of seaweed. I don't know what kind if
"Irish Moss" you are growing, but it sounds like something entirely
different. Does the plant grow in solid masses and have a single really
small round leaf at the end of each "blade"? I've seen a groundcover
like this called "Irish Moss".

- --arne

>Thanks for the help---
> Keep brewing-
> --S


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 14:50:53 PDT
From: Robert Pulliam
Subject: Bottling Kegged Beer


Just another quickie... How does one go about bottling some of his/
her brew that has been kegged? Will I lose my fizz? How/what does a
counterpressure filler work/do? Can I build my own? Inquiring minds.

Robert J. Pulliam |+|all thoughts, statements, and opinions,|+|
Los Angeles, CA. |+|demented or not, should be my own; and |+|
[email protected] |+|I'm certainly not associated . . . . . |+|


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 18:16:52 EDT
From: [email protected] (David Turner)
Subject: Sanitizing swing-top bottles


I am preparing to bottle my third batch of HB, using swing-top ("Grolsch")
bottles for the second time. The first time I used them, I replaced all the
rubber gaskets, as they were several years old and suspect. I boiled them at
bottling time, i.e., I sanitized them seperately from the bottles.

For this round of bottling, I know the bottles are clean (of grunge), and don't
plan a TSP bath. A good washing, then a chlorine soak, then bottle.

My question: can I leave the rubber gaskets on the bottles during the chlorine
soak? Will they absorb chlorine odor/taste? Will they deteriorate? Must I
remove them first, and boil them seperately, as I did the first time? Was that
more than one question?

Thanks for any/all advice...later...DT
- -----
David Turner
[email protected]


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 93 09:22:07 MST
From: [email protected] (Jim Vahsen)
Subject: Subject: A Draft Chili Beer?

On Dave's question about chili beer,
Try using some habanaro(sp) pepper extract, a little dab'le
do ya... Hot stuff. Don't think I'd actually throw them in
the keg, but the extract would be OK. Be aware that these
are considerably hotter than your average chili pepper...

[email protected]


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 15:34:04 -0700
From: [email protected] (J. Michael Burgeson)
Subject: water filter

I was in the plumbing supply store yesterday, and saw filter housings
and cartridges on sale. I thought this would be the perfect opportunity
to add a water filter to my brewery.

I intend to removing chlorine and particulate matter from my brewing water,
so I was looking at activated carbon filter cartridges. But one carbon filter
caught my eye because it also claimed to filter at the 0.5 micron level.
Isn't 0.5 microns fine enough to remove most bacteria and micro-flora?
Would someone who is microbiologically literate please comment?

Assuming the output side of the filter was sanitary, wouldn't water filtered
at this level be safe to rinse sanitized brewing equipment, without worrying
about introducing a contaminant? Or are there contaminants that would pass
through this filter?

The rinse/don't rinse debate has gone on here for a long time, but I never
heard of anyone using filtered water to rinse. It seems this would be a
great time savings over pre-boiling rinse water, and you have the added
benefit of being able to filter your brewing water. I hope I'm right
0.5 microns being fine enought to remove bacteria.

BTW, there were 2 different 0.5 micron, activated carbon cartridges on the
shelf, and were priced at $24 and $40.

- --mik


Date: Tue, 10 Aug 1993 16:12:24 MDT
From: "KEVIN SCHUTZ, X-1738, M/S 10125"
Subject: Suggestions/Thoughts/Recipes for Plum beers/meads?


I was recently at a local Farmer's Market, and noticed that this year's
crops of Plums are looking pretty good and at fairly decent prices. I was
wondering if anyone has any good comments, thoughts, and/or recipes for
some Plum beers or Meads. I'm interested in both beers and meads.

Also, my favorite Plums are the dark purple varieties. I've seen them labeled
as "Western Purple" Plums. I'm not sure if that's a real variety or not.
We also have access to some red and green (when ripe) plums.

Thanks in advance,



End of HOMEBREW Digest #1201, 08/11/93


  3 Responses to “Category : Various Text files
Archive   : HBD120X.ZIP
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  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: