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Coalition for Networked Information
Information Policies: A Compilation of Position Statements, Principles,
Statutes, and Other Pertinent Statements



Depository Library Program

United States Government Printing Office
Washington, DC 20401

Source: Chapter 19, Title 44, U.S. Code, Volume Eighteen, 1988
Edition, United States Government Printing Office, Washington,
1989, pages 557-561.


Section

1901. Definition of Government publication.

1902. Availability of Government publications through
Superintendent of Documents; lists of publications not
ordered from Government Printing Office.

1903. Distribution of publications to depositories; notice to Government
components; costs of printing and binding.

1904. Classified list of Government publications for selection by
depositories.

1905. Distribution to depositories; designation of additional libraries;
justification; authorization for certain designations.

1906. Land-grant colleges constituted depositories.

1907. Libraries of executive departments, service academies, and
independent agencies constituted depositories; certifications of need;
disposal of unwanted publications.

1908. American Antiquarian Society to receive certain publications.

1909. Requirements of depository libraries; reports on conditions;
investigations; termination; replacement.

1910. Designations of replacement depositories; limitations on
numbers; conditions.

1911. Free use of Government publications in depositories; disposal of
unwanted publications.

1912. Regional depositories; designation; functions; disposal of
publications.

1913. Appropriations for supplying depository libraries; restriction.

1914. Implementation of depository library program by Public Printer.

1915. Highest State appellate court libraries as depository libraries.

1916. Designation of libraries of accredited law schools as depository
libraries.


Amendments

1978--Pub. L. 95-261, Section 2, Apr. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 199, added item
1916.

1972--Pub. L. 92-368, Section 1(b), Aug. 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 507, added item
1915.


Federal Records Management Provisions Without Effect on Chapter

Authority and responsibilities under chapter not limited or
repealed by Federal Records Management Amendments of 1976, see
section 5(b) of Pub. L. 94-575, set out as a note under section 2901
of this title.


Chapter Referred to in Other Sections
This chapter is referred to in section 3317 of this title.


Section 1901. Definition of Government publication.

"Government publication" as used in this chapter, means
informational matter which is published as an individual document as
Government expense, or as required by law.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1283.)


Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 81a (Pub. L. 87-579,
Section 1, Aug. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 352).



Section 1902. Availability of Government publications through
Superintendent of Documents; lists of publications not ordered from
Government Printing Office.

Government publications, except those determined by their
issuing components to be required for official use only or for strictly
administrative or operational purposes which have no public interest
or educational value and publications classified for reasons of national
security, shall be made available to depository libraries through the
facilities of the Superintendent of Documents for public information.
Each component of the Government shall furnish the Superintendent of
Documents a list of such publications it issued during the previous
month, that were obtained from sources other than the Government
Printing Office.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1283)


Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 81b (Pub. L. 87-579,
Section 1, Aug. 9, 1962, 76 Stat 352).



Section 1903. Distribution of publications to depositories; notice to
Government components; cost of printing and binding.

Upon request of the Superintendent of Documents, components of
the Government ordering the printing of publications shall either
increase or decrease the number of copies of publications furnished for
distribution to designated depository libraries and State libraries so
that the number of copies delivered to the Superintendent of Documents
is equal to the number of libraries on the list. The number thus
delivered may not be restricted by any statutory limitation in force on
August 9, 1962. Copies of publications furnished the Superintendent of
Documents for distribution to designated depository libraries shall
include--the journals of the Senate and House of Representatives; all
publications, not confidential in character, printed upon the requisition
of a congressional committee; Senate and House public bills and
resolutions; and reports on private bills, concurrent or simple
resolutions; but not so-called cooperative publications which must
necessarily be sold in order to be self-sustaining.

The Superintendent of Documents shall currently inform the
components of the Government ordering printing of publications as to
the number of copies of their publications required for distribution to
depository libraries. The cost of printing and binding those
publications distributed to depository libraries obtained elsewhere
than from the Government Printing Office, shall be borne by components
of the Government responsible for their issuance; those requisitioned
from the Government Printing Office shall be charged to
appropriations provided the Superintendent of Documents for that
purpose.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1283.)


Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 85 (part) (Mar.1, 1907,
ch. 2284, Section 4, 34 Stat. 1014; June 25, 1938, ch. 708, 52 Stat. 1206;
Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, Section 5, 76 Stat. 354.)

The last paragraph of former section 85 will be found in section
1906 of the revision.



Section 1904. Classified list of Government publications for selection by
depositories.

The Superintendent of Documents shall currently issue a
classified list of Government publications in suitable form, containing
annotations of contents and listed by item identification numbers to
facilitate the selection of only those publications needed by depository
libraries. The selected publications shall be distributed to depository
libraries in accordance with regulations of the Superintendent of
Documents, as long as they fulfill the conditions provided by law.
(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1284.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964, ed. Section 83 (R.S. Section 502; Jan.
12, 1895, ch. 23, Sections 53, 61, 28 Stat. 608, 610; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-
579, Section 3, 76 Stat. 353.)



Section 1905. Distribution to depositories; designation of additional
libraries; justification; authorization for certain designations.

The Government publications selected from lists prepared by the
Superintendent of Documents, and when requested from him, shall be
distributed to depository libraries specifically designated by law and
to libraries designate Senators, Representatives, and the Resident
Commissioner from Puerto Rico, by the Commissioner of the District of
Columbia, and by the Governors of Guam, American Samoa, and the
Virgin Islands, respectively. Additional libraries within areas served
by Representatives or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico may
be designated by them to receive Government publications to the extent
that the total number of libraries designated by them does not exceed
two within each area. Not more than two additional libraries within
a State may be designated by each Senator from the State. Before an
additional library within a State, congressional district or the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is designated as a depository for
Government publications, the head of that library shall furnish his
Senator, Representative, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto
Rico, as the case may be, with justification of the necessity for the
additional designation. The justification, which shall also include a
certification as to the need for the additional depository library
designation, shall be signed by the head of every existing depository
library within the congressional district or the Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico or by the head of the library authority of the State or the
Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, within which the
additional depository library is to be located. The justification for
additional depository library designations shall be transmitted to the
Superintendent of Documents by the Senator, Representative, or the
Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico, as the case may be. The
Commissioner of the District of Columbia may designate two
depository libraries in the District of Columbia, the Governor of Guam
and the Governor of American Samoa may each designate one
depository library in Guam and American Samoa, respectively, and the
Governor of the Virgin Islands may designate one depository library on
the island of Saint Thomas and one on the island of Saint Croix.
(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1284.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 82 (R.S. Section 501; Mar.
1, 1907, ch. 2284, Section 4, 34 Stat. 1014; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579,
Section 2, 76 Stat. 353).

Transfer of Functions

The office of Commissioner of the District of Columbia, as
established under Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1967, eff. Nov. 3, 1967 (in part),
32 F.R. 11669, 81 Stat. 948, was abolished as of noon Jan. 2, 1975, by Pub.
L. 93-198, title VII, Section 711, Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 818, and replaced
by the office of Mayor of the District of Columbia by section 421 of Pub.
L. 93-198, classified to section 1-241 of the District of Columbia Code.

District of Columbia Public Library as Depository

Act Sept. 28, 1943, ch. 243, 57 Stat. 568, provided: "That the
Public Library of the District of Columbia is hereby constituted a
designated depository of governmental publications, and the
Superintendent of Documents shall supply to such library one copy of
each such publication, in the same form as supplied to other designated
depositories."

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1910 of this title; title 17
section 707.



Section 1906. Land-grant colleges constituted depositories.

Land-grant colleges are constituted depositories to receive
Government publications subject to the depository laws.
(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1284.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 85 (part) (Mar. 1, 1907,
ch. 2284, Section 4, 34 Stat. 1014; June 25, 1938, ch. 708, 52 Stat. 1206;
Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, 76 Stat. 354).

This section is from the last paragraph of former section 85; the
remainder of that section will be found in section 1903 of the revision.



Section 1907. Libraries of executive departments, service academies,
and independent agencies constituted depositories; certifications of
need; disposal of unwanted publications.

The libraries of the executive departments of the United States
Military Academy, of the United States Naval Academy, of the
United States Air Force Academy, of the United States Coast Guard
Academy, and of the United States Merchant Marine Academy are
designated depositories of Government publications. A depository
library within each independent agency may be designated upon
certification of need by the head of the independent agency to the
Superintendent of Documents. Additional depository libraries within
executive departments and independent agencies may be designated to
receive Government publications to the extent that the number so
designated does not exceed the number of major bureaus or divisions of
the departments and independent agencies. These designations may be
made only after certification by the head of each executive department
or independent agency to the Superintendent of Documents as to the
justifiable need for additional depository libraries. Depository
libraries within executive departments and independent agencies may
dispose of unwanted Government publications after first offering them
to the Library of Congress and the Archivist of the United States.
(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1285.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 87 (Jan. 12, 1895, ch. 23,
Section 98, 28 Stat. 624; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, section 7, 76 Stat.
355).


Archivist of the United States

References to Archivist of the United States deemed to refer to
Archivist appointed under section 2103 of this title with respect to
functions transferred by Pub. L. 98-497 or an amendment made by Pub. L.
98-497 and exercised after Apr. 1, 1985, see sections 106 and 108 of Pub. L.
98-497, set out as notes under section 2102 of this title.



Section 1908. American Antiquarian Society to receive certain
publications.

One copy of the public journals of the Senate and of the House of
Representatives, and of the documents published under the orders of
the Senate and House of Representatives, respectively, shall be
transmitted to the Executive of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
for the use and benefit of the American Antiquarian Society of the
Commonwealth.
(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1285.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 88 (Dec. 1, 1814, No. 7, 3
Stat. 248).



Section 1909. Requirements of depository libraries; reports on
conditions; investigations; termination; replacement.

Only a library able to provide custody and service for depository
materials and located in an area where it can best serve the public
need, served by existing depository libraries may be designated by
Senators, Representatives, the Resident Commissioner from Puerto
Rico, the Commissioner of the District of Columbia, or the Governors of
Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands as a depository of
Government publications. The designated depository libraries shall
report to the Superintendent of Documents at least every two years
concerning their condition.

The Superintendent of Documents shall make firsthand
investigation of conditions for which need is indicated and include the
results of investigations in his annual report. When he ascertains that
the number of books in a depository library is below ten thousand, other
than Government publications, or it has ceased to be maintained so as to
be accessible to the public , or that the Government publications which
have been furnished the library have not been properly maintained, he
shall delete the library from the list of depository libraries if the
library fails to correct the unsatisfactory conditions within six months.
The Representative or the Resident commissioner from Puerto Rico in
whose area the library is located or the Senator who made the
designation, or a successor of the Senator, and, in the case of a library in
the District of Columbia, the Commissioner of the District of Columbia,
and, in the case of the library in Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin
Islands, the Governor, shall be notified to designate another library
within the area served by him, which shall meet the conditions herein
required, but which may not be in excess of the number of depository
libraries authorized by laws within the State, district, territory, or
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, as the case may be.
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S.Code, 1964 ed., Section 86 (January 12, 1895), ch.
23, Section 70, 28 Stat. 612; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, Section 6, 76
Stat. 354).

Transfer of Functions

The office of Commissioner of the District of Columbia, as
established under Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1967, eff. Nov. 3, 1967 (in part),
32 F.R. 11669, 81 Stat. 948, was abolished as of noon Jan. 2, 1975, by Pub.
L. 93-198, title VII, Section 711, Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 818, and replaced
by the office of Mayor of the District of Columbia by section 421 of Pub.
L. 93-198, classified to section 1-241 of the District of Columbia Code.
Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1916 of this title.



Section 1910. Designation of replacement depositories; limitations on
numbers; conditions.

The designation of a library to replace a depository library,
other than a depository library specifically designated by law, may be
made only within the limitations on total numbers specified by section
1905 of this title, and only when the library to be replaced ceases to
exist, or when the library voluntarily relinquishes its depository
status, or when the Superintendent of Documents determines that it no
longer fulfills the conditions provided by law for depository libraries.

(Pub.L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1286.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., Section 84 (June 23, 1913, ch. 3,
section 5, 38 Stat. 75; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, section 4, 76
Stat. 353).



Section 1911. Free use of Government publications in depositories;
disposal of unwanted publications.

Depository libraries shall make Government publications
available for the free use of the general public, and may dispose of
them after retention for five years under section 1912 of this title, if the
depository library is served by a regional depository library.
Depository libraries not served by a regional depository library, or
that are regional depository libraries themselves, shall retain
Government publications permanently in either printed form or in
microfacsimile form, except superseded publications or those issued
later in bound form which may be discarded as authorized by the
Superintendent of Documents.

(Pub.L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1286.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 92 (part) (Jan. 12, 1895,
ch. 23, section 74, 28 Stat. 620; June 20, 1936, ch. 630, title VII, section 11,
49 Stat. 1552; Aug. 9, 1962, Pub. L. 87-579, section 8, 76 Stat. 355).
Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 19156 of this title.



Section 1912. Regional depositories; designation; functions; disposal of
publications.

Not more than two depository libraries in each State and the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico may be designated as regional
depositories, and shall receive from the Superintendent of Documents
copies of all new and revised Government publications authorized for
distribution to depository libraries. Designation of regional depository
libraries may be made by a Senator or the Resident Commissioner from
Puerto Rico within the areas served by them, after approval by the
head of the library authority of the State or the Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico, as the case may be, who shall first ascertain from the head
of the library to be so designated that the library will, in addition to
fulfilling the requirements for depository libraries, retain at least one
copy of all Government publications either in printed or microfacsimile
form (except those authorized to be discarded by the Superintendent of
Documents); and within the region served will provide interlibrary
loan, reference service, and assistance for depository libraries in the
disposal of unwanted Government publications. The agreement to
function as a regional depository library shall be transmitted to the
Superintendent of Documents by the Senator or the Resident
Commissioner from Puerto Rico when the designation is made.

The libraries designated as regional depositories may permit
depository libraries, within the areas served by them, to dispose of
Government publications which they have retained for five years after
first offering them to other depository libraries within their areas,
then to other libraries.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1286.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 84a (Pub. L. 87-579,
section 9, Aug. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 355.)

Section Referred to in Other Sections

This section is referred to in section 1911 of this title.



Section 1913. Appropriations for supplying depository libraries;
restriction.

Appropriations available for the Office of Superintendent of
Documents may not be used to supply depository libraries documents,
books, or other printed matter not requested by them, and their requests
shall be subject to approval by the Superintendent of Documents.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1286.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 85a (June 27, 1956, ch. 453,
section 101, 70 Stat. 369.)



Section 1914. Implementation of depository library program by Public
Printer.

The Public Printer, with the approval of the Joint Committee on
Printing, as provided by section 103 of this title, may use any measures
he considers necessary for the economical and practical implementation
of this chapter.

(Pub. L. 90-620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1287.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Based on 44 U.S. Code, 1964 ed., section 81c (Pub. L. 87-579,
section 10, Aug. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 356.)



Section 1915. Highest State appellate court libraries as depository
libraries.

Upon the request of the highest appellate court of a State, the
Public Printer is authorized to designate the library of that court as a
depository library. The provisions of section 1911 of this title shall not
apply to any library so designated.

(Added Pub. L. 92-368, section 1(a), Aug. 10, 1972, 86 Stat. 507.)



Section 1916. Designation of libraries of accredited law schools as
depository libraries.

(a) Upon the request of any accredited law school, the Public
Printer shall designate the library of such law school as a depository
library. The Public Printer may not make such designation unless he
determines that the library involved meets the requirements of this
chapter, other than those requirements of the first undesignated
paragraph of section 1909 of this title which relate to the location of
such library.

(b) For purposes of this section, the term "accredited law school"
means any law school which is accredited by a nationally recognized
accrediting agency or association approved by the Commissioner of
Education for such purpose or accredited by the highest appellate court
of the State in which the law school is located.

(Added Pub. L. 95-261, section 1, Apr. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 199.)

Effective Date

Section 3 of Pub. L. 95-261 provided that: "The amendments
made by this Act [enacting this section] shall take effect on October 1,
1978."