Dec 132017
 
Pelton's Financial Utilities 1/2.
File PFU1.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category Financial and Statistics
Pelton’s Financial Utilities 1/2.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
DA.EXE 61264 37482 deflated
G5.CHN 43136 28116 deflated
G5.CLC 19328 13061 deflated
G5.CMP 4352 2924 deflated
G5.COM 22400 17294 deflated
G5.EX1 4480 3062 deflated
G5.NAD 128 80 deflated
GO.EXE 59222 38396 deflated
ORDER 2939 1122 deflated
PELTON.DOC 149551 36950 deflated
PROBLEM 2488 529 deflated

Download File PFU1.ZIP Here

Contents of the PELTON.DOC file



REGISTRATION FORM for Pelton's Financial Utilities, Version 1.61a

PELTON COMPUTER CONSULTANTS -- Stephen J. Foss
P.O. Box 687
Ipswich, MA 01938 Tel: (508)356-7621, (508)356-0571

Today's Date_________________________,19________

Name_____________________________________________________________

Company__________________________________________________________

Address__________________________________________________________

City, State, Zip_________________________________________________

Country_________________ Day telephone (______)____________X_____

Media for Pelton's Famous Financial Utilities (check one only):
[ ] Two standard 360K 5.25" floppy diskettes (use this if you're not sure)
[ ] One high-density (HD, for AT-type computers) 1.2 MB 5.25" diskette
[ ] One 720K 3.5" flexy diskette (for 3.5" disk drive)

Pelton's Products:
[ ] Standard one-year Registration, includes two free upgrades plus
printed manual and six months telephone support, $48.00 + s/h
[ ] Send me the Pelton's Financial Utilities Problem-Example Book, ~70 pp.,
includes newest edition, $19.00 + s/h
[ ] Standard Regis. plus Problem-Example Book, $65.00 + s/h (save $2.00)
[ ] Two-year Regis. (inc. 4 free upgrades + 1 yr. tel. support), $72 + s/h
[ ] Two-year Regis. plus Problem-Example Book, includes newest
edition, $88.00 + s/h (best deal!)
[ ] One-year Reg. renewal (2 free upgrds, 6 mos. tel. sprt), $24.00 (s/h $0)
[ ] Send me the "Understand. Your Home Mortgage Loan" Booklet, $5.00 + s/h
[ ] Employer's Corp. Profit-Share Calc. Program Shareware disk, $3.00 + s/h

Send FREE info about Pelton's:
[ ] Financial-Calculation Services and Printed Schedules
[ ] Financial Utilities Problem-Example Book [ ] Site Licenses
[ ] "Understanding Your Home Mortgage Loan" Booklet [ ] Programming-
[ ] Employer's Corporate Profit-Share Calculation Program Services

Shipping and Handling (s/h) = $3.00 total (unless otherwise stated)

[ ] $_____________ Check Enclosed, include s/h (payable to PELTON COMPUTER)

Shipping/Handling (s/h) = $3.00 domestic US (unless otherwise stated)
Canada & Mexico add $2.00; overseas add $5.00

Card #__________________________________________ FOREIGN
ORDERS USE
Expiration Date_________________________________ POSTAL MONEY
ORDER IN U.S.
Signature_______________________________________ DOLLARS

Mail completed registration form with TOTAL of fees IN U.S. DOLLARS to:

PELTON COMPUTER, P.O. Box 687, IPSWICH, MA 01938 U.S.A.


CUSTOMER FEEDBACK FORM for Pelton's Financial Utilities, Version 1.61a

Name____________________________________________________________
Company_________________________________________________________
Address_________________________________________________________
Telephone_______________________________________________________

Likes, dislikes, features wanted, problems? List below:

Likes___________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Dislikes________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Features wanted_________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Problems, bugs__________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Want something customized?______________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Want us to program something
special for you?_________What?__________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Remarks_________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
This form does not imply free programming services nor is it an
offer to perform services. It is for information purposes only.
If we consider your form to be substantial, we'll award you with
a free program upgrade. Free prize for best form for the year.

Mail completed Customer Feedback Form (w/ your name, etc.) to:

PELTON COMPUTER, P.O. Box 687, IPSWICH, MA 01938 U.S.A.


Page 1


Manual (Ver 1.61a) for PELTON'S FINANCIAL UTILITIES, Ver 1.61a


TABLE OF CONTENTS BY CHAPTER NUMBER

1. Introduction and Selection Guide
2. Distributions
3. Things-to-Do
4. Future Amount
5. Payments
6. G5 Loan
7. IRA Calculator
8. G7 Variable Loan
9. Finance
10. MGM



Chapter 1 - Introduction and Selection Guide

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

1.1 Welcome to the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
1.2 Registration fee
1.3 Reasons to register
1.4 Installing the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
1.5 How to use this manual.
1.6 How to print or view this manual.
1.7 Files included with this release.
1.8 Registration procedures and fee.
1.9 Hardware requirements.
1.10 Intended audience for the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
1.11 Quick run. How to run the main program.
1.12 Using disk caching.
1.13 Setting the PATH to make Pelton's Financial Utilities universally
accessible.
1.14 Planning Your Problem-Solving Strategy.
1.15 How to Run Pelton's Financial Utilities.
1.16 The Pelton's Financial Utility Main Menu.
1.17 The Utilities Selection Guide.
1.18 Pelton's name, address, and telephone number, Order Form, and
Customer Feedback Form.
1.19 Reporting a problem with the utilities.
1.20 The Eight Pelton Financial Utilities.
1.21 The PAYMENTS Utility.
1.22 The G5LOAN Utility.
1.23 The FINANCE Utility.
1.24 The IRA Utility.
1.25 The DISTRIBUTIONS Utility.
1.26 The FUTURE AMOUNT Utility.
1.27 The G7 VARI-LOAN Utility.
1.28 The MGM (MONEY GROWTH MATRIX).
1.29 Disclaimer.


Page 2

1.30 Copyright infringement.
1.31 ASP Ombudsman Policy Statement


1.1 Welcome to the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
The Pelton's Financial Utilities is a collection of computer programs driven
by a fancy menu, part of which is the "Selection Guide." The utilities
solve many time-value financial problems encountered in business. See
sections 1.20 to 1.28, below. The Selection Guide guides the new or
inexperienced Pelton user to the appropriate financial utility to make it
easy to get a quick and accurate answer. See sections 1.15 and 1.17 below.
The software is fully functional as you receive it. Nothing has been held
back from you on the non-registered copies. Pelton's Financial Utilities
straight from your Shareware vendor have all the features and extentions
as registered packages, but "registrants," i.e., software users who have
registered, get many more benefits. See section 1.3 below.

1.2 Registration Fee.
The registration fee for this program is $48.00. The authors of Shareware
programs work very hard to make excellent programs which are easy-to-use,
useful, and help the computer users to be more productive. The small regi-
stration fee allows us to put you on our active customer list which will
result in many benefits to you. If you use this program please register as
we would like to stay in touch with you. Also, we are always working on and
releasing upgrades and program enhancements. Use the form above, or print
it out from the Main Menu (see section 1.18 below), or run the program with
the /R qualifier (GO /R, see secs. 1.8, 1.11, 1.15, 1.18). We thank you in
advance. The author who conceived, designed, programmed, and perfected the
computer programs of Pelton Computer Consultants is Stephen J. Foss, B.S.,
M.S. (Physics), M.S.E.E., M.B.A. He is a member of the Association of
Shareware Professionals.


1.3 Reasons to register.
Here's what you get when you register (one-year registration):
a. An immediate upgrade to the newest available version
b. The accompanying newest manual release
c. One or more free interim upgrades for major fixes if
necessary (program plus manual)
d. One more free upgrade (program and manual) to the next
major release when its ready (total of two upgrades)
e. Six (6) months worth of telephone support relating to
use of the program with friendly, patient guidance
f. Regular notices of new programs and services
g. A free subscription to our product newsletter for the
life of your registration, which is one (1) year from
the date of your registration
h. The status of valued customer who gets automatic top
priority on your calls, programming fixes and suggestions,
and all customer-support issues
i. Your source of knowledgeable computer-aided financial prob-
lem solving.
j. Two-year registrations available, plus special deals. See
order form.
k. Automatic entry into the yearly best-of-customer-feedback
forms contest where you may win a prize for the most help-


Page 3

ful Customer Feedback Form.

Check out our Problem-Example book. It contains over 70 pages of real-
life financial examples solved in great detail using Pelton's Financial
Utilities. You'll be pleasantly surprised when you uncover this whole world
of computer-aided financial calculations.

Please register if you are using the program now, have been using it, or
plan to use it in the future. Thank you for your support in our programming
efforts.


1.4 Installing the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
To install Pelton's Financial Utilities on your computer's hard disk, simply
put disk 1 in drive A and type INSTALL. The INSTALL program walks you
through the complete installation process. Refer to your Quick Installation
Guide for more information about the installation.


1.5 How to use this manual.
Review Chapter 1 first, then any chapter that may interest you. Each
chapter discusses an individual utility, which are tied together through the
Main Menu and the Selection Guide. Use the Selection Guide to help guide
you through to an answer of a financial problem if you don't readily know
which utility to run from the menu. Many users use the Selection Guide all
the time.


1.6 How to print or view this manual.

Method 1: PRINT PELTON.DOC
Method 2: COPY PELTON.DOC LPT1

To view the manual on your screen just type: TYPE PELTON.DOC. If you wish
to stop the screen at any time simply press the "pause" key, and then press
to restart, or press ^S (this means hold down the key with
one finger and press the S key) to stop the screen and ^Q to restart. To
make our computing lives easier, there are some very nice screen viewing
programs available from your Shareware dealer.


1.7 Files included with this release.

ORDER Order Form
PROBLEM Customer Feedback Form
PELTON DOC User Manual
READ ME More Information
INSTALL EXE Installation Program
GO EXE Main Menu

G5 COM G5Loan utility
G5 EX1 Part of the G5Loan utility
G5 CHN Part of the G5Loan utility
G5 CLC Part of the G5Loan utility
G5 CMP Part of the G5Loan utility
G5 NAD Part of the G5Loan utility


Page 4


DA COM Debt Analysis prototype utility
FI COM Finance utility
PA COM Payments utility
G7 COM G7 VARI-LOAN utility
G7 CHN Part of the G7 VARI-LOAN utility
G7 HLP G7 VARI-LOAN help file section
IR COM IRA Calc utility
MG COM MGM (Money Growth Matrix) utility
AL1 MGM An sample MGM file
TH COM Things-To-Do utility
THINGS TNG A sample Things-To-Do file
SAMPLE TNG Another sample Things-To-Do file
LSTFL T9G The Things-To-Do control file

NOTE: DO NOT delete any of these files because the programs won't run!


1.8 Registration procedures and fee.
Please fill out the registration form (see above) or print one out from the
program (can do GO /R). Currently, the registration fee is $48.00. Send in
the completed form with the fee.


1.9 Hardware requirements.
You'll need an IBM PC, XT, AT, or compatible computer with at least one
floppy disk drive (unless you plan to run from a diskless workstation) with
512K ("K" loosely stands for 1,000 or exactly 1,024 bytes) of memory, pref-
erably a color monitor but mono will work fine (see "Quick run" below) and a
hard drive. The speed of your computer is not a major factor but the faster
the better for you anyway. You may use a dot matrix or laser printer.


1.10 Intended audience for the Pelton's Financial Utilities.
Anyone who needs financial information, reports, quantities and answers, or
schedules or documentation about the time-value of money.


1.11 Quick run. How to run the main program.
At the DOS prompt type: GO. This automatically runs the program in either
color mode or mono mode (black & white), according to the equipment you have
hooked up. The program actually checks your computer's configuration and
sets the color accordingly. Sometimes, as in the case of a laptop computer,
the screen is actually mono, but the video board is CGA (Color Graphics
Adapter). In this case, the program senses a color configuration and the
mono screen washes out some colors. Therefore, if you have a mono monitor
being driven from a color card, you can force the program to display in
black & white by typing: GO /B. Similarly, you may force the program into
color with: GO /C. To print out a registration form do: GO /R. As of
version 1.61, the individual utilities run only from the main menu program,
i.e., they cannot be run stand-alone.


1.12 Using disk caching.
At Pelton Computer, we have been using disk-caching software for many years.
Disk-caching software is available from your Shareware dealer. This caching


Page 5

software allows the computer to load a program from memory more than fifty
times faster than from disk. The caching scheme tells the operating system
to look in cache memory before it looks at the disk for a program or data,
assuming, theoretically, that you will use 20% of your programs 80% of the
time. Pelton's Financial Utilities is a good candidate for disk caching
as it would appear to load almost instantaneously.


1.13 Setting the PATH to make Pelton's Financial Utilities universally
accessible.
DOS has this amazing command called PATH, which has been well thought out
and is a critically important to a DOS computer user. Suppose you have hard
disks C and D and have 50 or more directories set up on each one. Every
time you wanted to use a utility like DISTRIB how would you access it?
Well, you could copy DISTRIB.COM to each directory every time you need it.
Or, you could copy it once to a special directory, say PELTON just for an
example, and put PELTON in DOS's PATH statement. Your PATH statement could
look like this:

PATH=C:\;C:\system;C:\PELTON;D:\tools;

In this PATH statement we have the root directory of C (C:\), a SYSTEM dir-
ectory which probably contains the DOS files, our PELTON directory, and a
TOOLS directory. Notice the semicolons (;). Remember that we copied
DISTRIB.COM into the PELTON directory. Now, every time we wish to use
DISTRIB it's made available by the PATH command of DOS (even though we
copied it to the hard disk only one time). The PATH statement can be typed
at the DOS prompt in real time, or it can be put into the boot file,
AUTOEXEC.BAT. NOTE: you could put C:\PELTON in your path and then run the
utilities (GO) from any other directory, however, unless you are in the same
directory as the utilities (i.e. \PELTON) the data files (and name and
address files) would not be found.


1.14 Planning Your Problem-Solving Strategy.
The first step in strategy planning is to define your goal - define your
target. What are you looking for? Is it an "ending balance," a "payment
amount," an "interest rate," or a "starting amount" (sometimes called a
"beginning amount" or "lump sum.")?

The second step is to write down the information you are given to work with
and make sure it is complete. For a simple example, suppose your goal is
to find the monthly payment of a mortgage loan. You are given the amount
financed (usually called the "principal"), the annual interest rate, and the
term. In this case your information is complete. If it weren't, Pelton's
Financial Utilities would inform you so. Once you have gathered all your
information, the utilities will ask you the correct questions in an
appropriate order.

For more complex problems, which are solved in parts, break the problem into
parts and ascertain what information you need for each part. In this type
of problem, the solution of one part is the required information for the
next part. The more organized you are, the easier complex financial prob-
lems will be to solve.




Page 6

1.15 How to Run Pelton's Financial Utilities.
To run the Pelton's Financial Utilities computer program simply type GO if
you have a color monitor, or GO /BW if you have a monochrome monitor (amber,
green, black-and-white). The main utilities menu, which we will mention
often, will appear quickly. Then, from this menu, you can make your choice
of which utility to run. We built in a powerful advanced feature called
the Selection Guide to make it very easy to use the financial utilities.
This Selection Guide actually guides you to the correct utility by asking a
few simple questions about the type of problem you wish to solve. More on
the Selection Guide below. To print out a registration form do: GO /R.

Don't be hesitant, or don't ponder too much over getting your feet wet with
the utilities. One always gets a nice feeling after "buying into" an
application program if the program works well and the user really gets the
job done. With Pelton's Financial Utilities you will get the answer.
Besides, you'll wind up with a good sense of satisfaction after getting
results - a feeling that you've accomplished something.


1.16 The Pelton Financial Utility Main Menu.
The utilities Main Menu is shown below in Fig. 1-1. All the individual
financial utilities can be run from this single well-organized and easy-to-
use menu.


[ Productivity Programs ]


1. Selection Guide
2. Distributions
3. Things-to-Do
4. Future Amount
5. Payments
6. G5 Loan
7. IRA Calculator
8. G7 Variable Loan
9. Finance
0. MGM
p. Info on Pelton
e. Exit Program


Figure 1-1


To run a utility you simply move the "light bar" up and down via the arrow
(cursor) keys until your choice is reverse-highlighted, then press .
Or touch a key from 1 to 9, 0, p, or e. Pressing or "e" will bring
you back to DOS or your system-level menu, if you have one, or your presen-
tation manager, if that's what you're using.


1.17 The Utilities Selection Guide.
As previously mentioned, we have added a powerful tool to the main util-
ities menu. This tool is the Selection Guide. If you are not totally
familiar with each financial utility, use the Selection Guide to select the


Page 7

appropriate utility and starting place. The Selection Guide makes it as
easy and as straightforward as possible for you to get your solution.

After you have chosen the Selection Guide from the main utilities menu, you
will see the top level of the Selection Guide (Fig. 1-2).


[ Selection Guide Top Level ]


1. Calc a Loan Payment, etc.
2. Work with Loans
3. Money Growth
4. Money Disbursement
5. Exit back to Main Menu


Figure 1-2


The top level of the guide presents you with five choices: calculate a loan
payment (or a rate, term, or principal provided three of the four are
quantities are known), calculate and print a loan schedule (standard,
installment, bimonthly, biweekly), calculate all money growth quantities
with schedules, and calculate all money disbursement quantities with
schedules. Entry number 1 threads into the Loan Calculator whereas entries
2-4 call upon other guides (menus). Entry 5 immediately brings you back to
the utilities Main Menu.


[ Loan Selection Guide ]


1. Mortgage Loans, Installment Loans, etc.
2. Complex Loans, comparison of loans, etc.
3. Exit back to Main Selection Guide


Figure 1-3

Figure 1-3 shows the Loan Selection menu which appeared on the screen when
you choose "Work with Loans" from the top level. Here, entry 1 calls upon
G5LOAN, and entry 2 calls upon G7 VARI-LOAN. See the table of contents to
locate examples of these powerful financial utilities.


[ Growth Selection Guide ]

1. Figure out a Deposit amount only.
2. Calc quantities for Interest only.
3. Calc quantities for Deposits & Int.
4. Calculate an IRA's Ending Balance.
5. Exit back to Selection Guide.


Figure 1-4


Page 8



Figure 1-4 shows the Growth Selector which appears when "Money Growth" is
chosen from the top level. Entry 1 of the Growth Selector calls up the
FUTURE AMOUNT utility, entries 2 and 3 thread into the appropriate level
of the FINANCE utility, and entry 4 brings up the IRA utility.


[ Disbursement Selection Guide ]


1. Figure out a Withdrawal amount only.
2. Calc quantities when Withdrawals + Int.
3. Exit back to Selection Guide.


Figure 1-5


Figure 1-5 shows the Disbursement Selector which appears when "Money
Disbursement" is chosen from the top level. Entry 1 of the Disbursement
Guide calls up the DISTRIBUTIONS utility, and entry 2 threads into the
appropriate level of the FINANCE utility.

If you know basically what kind of financial problem you have to solve, the
Selection Guide will help lead you there in the quickest way, even if you
have never used Pelton's Financial Utilities before.


1.18 Pelton's name, address, and telephone number, Order Form, and
Customer Feedback Form (CFF).
You'll notice an entry on the Main Menu marked "p" for "Info on Pelton." If
you move the slide bar down to this level and press or "p", you will
be prompted to press "I" or "F", Information or a Customer Feedback Form,
respectively. Use the Customer Feedback Form to report any problems, bugs,
new ideas, enhancements, likes or dislikes.

If you choose "I", Pelton's name, address, and telephone number will appear
immediately in a box on the center of the screen. The menu program will
also ask you if you wish to print this information on your printer. You may
answer yes (Y), no (N), or exit (E). If you choose to print, an Order Form
will be printed. Pressing the key always exits or backs you out of
the present context throughout the utilities. If you choose "F" a User Feed-
back Form will be printed. Interactively, you may type GO /R to get a print-
out of the registration form. Over a year, the best CFF is chosen and its
author is awarded a prize. There can be more than one winner. The CFF's
are greatly appreciated by the software authors.


1.19 Reporting a problem with the utilities.
Computer programs are always being enhanced with features, or expanded in
some way. Even though extensive care to detail and extensive testing have
taken place during the development of software, before it gets to the user,
occasionally a "bug" will surface. As you attempt to use the program,
therefore, perhaps something doesn't quite work correctly, or quite work the
way you expect. If a "bug" should appear, please file a Customer Feedback


Page 9

Form so that the programmer will be aware of it and can fix it for you and
for others. We conscientiously strive to make our computer programs the
best possible for our user community.

To report a problem just write down your name, address, and phone number
(in case we want to contact you about the problem), which program you have
trouble with, and a description of the problem. Remember, the better your
description, the quicker we can locate and fix the problem.


1.20 The Eight Pelton Financial Utilities.
These are the eight utilities listed on the utilities Main Menu:


PAYMENTS, G5LOAN, FINANCE, IRA,
DISTRIBUTIONS, FUTURE AMOUNT,
G7 VARI-LOAN, and MGM.


1.21 The PAYMENTS Utility.
This utility is used to print out range-and-spreads to the screen or to your
printer. You are asked for a starting interest rate which forms a spread in
increments of 0.5 across the top, and you are asked for a starting value of
another quantity which is spread in appropriate increments down the left-
hand column. In between is a checkerboard of values around which your eye
may peruse so that you may hone in on a value close to what is desired.
Then you will have defined a starting point since you'll know the rate from
the top row and the value from the left-hand column.


1.22 The G5LOAN Utility.
The G5LOAN utility creates documentation for standard mortgage loans,
installment loans with rebates calculated according to the Rule-of-78's,
bimonthly loans, biweekly loans, loans with different compounding periods,
or conventional loans where the payment varies according to the remaining
amount financed plus a fixed sum. You may modify the payment amount, or
state a balloon payment number. G5LOAN also comes with a loan calculator
with which you may figure out a payment, rate, term, or amount financed,
given three out of four. It also displays the add-on interest for an
installment loan. G5LOAN is very practical, professional, straightforward,
and easy-to-use.


1.23 The FINANCE Utility.
This utility is broken into two major sections: money growth, and money
disbursement. Money growth, in itself, consists of two parts: growth of a
sum by interest alone, and growth of a sum by interest and deposits. Money
disbursement is the depletion by withdrawal of an interest-bearing sum over
time. FINANCE will figure out any quantity - principal, rate, term, deposit
or withdrawal, starting sum or ending balance, as long as five of these six
quantities are known. As you can see, FINANCE is a very powerful program
and can greatly assist you in financial planning.


1.24 The IRA Utility.
This one is a special utility because it can calculate an ending balance of


Page 10

a complex IRA, which is an interest-bearing savings account into which an
initial deposit, a recurring monthly deposit, and a recurring yearly deposit
are made. The initial, monthly, or yearly deposit may be zero (but not all
three, of course) as long as the date of the first deposit ever made has
been signified. A summary sheet, a yearly summary, or a complete schedule
may be printed after calculation.


1.25 The DISTRIBUTIONS Utility.
This utility is actually a subset of the all-inclusive FINANCE utility.
Given a starting balance, interest rate, term, and an ending balance which
must be less than the starting balance, the DISTRIBUTIONS utility will
immediately calculate the withdrawal amount for you. This withdrawal amount
is the amount of money that you may withdraw from your interest-bearing
starting sum to reach the ending balance over the term.


1.26 The FUTURE AMOUNT Utility.
This utility is also a subset of the all-inclusive FINANCE utility. Given a
starting balance, interest rate, term, and an ending balance which must be
greater than the starting balance, the FUTURE AMOUNT utility will immedi-
ately calculate the deposit amount for you. This deposit amount is the
amount of money that you must deposit into your interest-bearing account so
that your money grows to the ending balance over the term.


1.27 The G7 VARI-LOAN Utility.
With this Pelton Financial Utility you can analyze one or two different

complex loans in which the interest rates or payment amounts may vary from
payment-to-payment. Secondly, you can quickly compare the two loans via the
side-by-side analysis summary. With G7 VARI-LOAN you can change any rate or
payment amount, list the first three or last three payments, or show a
summary (first 3 and last 3). You can also expand or shrink (balloon) a
loan, and you can save and recall your work! The "compare" feature clearly
helps you to decide which loan is better for you. G7 VARI-LOAN has many
other helpful features as you will see later.


1.28 The MGM (MONEY GROWTH MATRIX).
Money growth calculations are easy, but MGM gives you a quick mechanism to
enter some simple data and produce an answer. MGM presents you with a grid
on which you enter a starting amount, a rate, a date, and a recurring or
nonrecurring deposit amount. You can enter more than one line of this type
of information. Then you simply press a button to get the ending balance to
your money growth problem.


1.29 Disclaimer.
In no event will the author be liable for any damages, including any lost
profits, lost savings or other incidental or consequential loss or damages
arising out of the use of- or the inability to use- this program -- even if
the author has been advised of the possibility of such damages. The author
makes no warranties, either express or implied, respecting the software, its
quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any particular
purpose.



Page 11


1.30 Copyright infringement.
This program is protected under the copyright laws of the U.S. This pro-
gram is not public domain; it is released to the Shareware distribution
channel as Shareware. Users and Shareware vendors may copy it freely and
distribute it. This program may not be sold, nor copied and sold, for
profit or under a value-added scheme (to increase the value of a computer
system, etc.) or under a new name, etc., because the author reserves all
copyright law rights. The author has the reasonable intent of hoping for
new registrants obtained from the Shareware distribution channel, but does
not want the program to be stolen by any person or company. Any person or
company interested in purchasing or licensing the rights to this program
should contact the author.

1.31 ASP Ombudsman Policy Statement.
The program is produced by Stephen. J. Foss, of Pelton Computer Consultants,
who is a member of the Association of Shareware Professionals (ASP). ASP
wants to make sure that the Shareware principal works for you. If you are
unable to resolve a Shareware-related problem with an ASP member by con-
tacting the member directly, ASP may be able to help. The ASP Ombudsman can
help you resolve the dispute or problem with an ASP member, but does not
provide technical support for members' products. Please write to the ASP
Ombudsman at 545 Grover Rd., Muskegon, MI 49442 - USA, or send a CompuServe
message via CompuServe Mail to ASP Ombudsman 70007,3536.


Chapter 2 - Distributions


TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

2.1 What is the DISTRIB program, and what does it do?
2.2 Features.
2.3 The Schedule.
2.4 Exiting the program.
2.5 Entering the data (answering the queries).
2.6 Displaying a schedule. Pausing or Escaping.
2.7 Entering the actual payment and the date of the first payment.
2.8 Schedule printing.


2.1 What is the DISTRIB utility, and what does it do?
Given a starting balance, interest rate, term, and an ending balance which
must be smaller than the starting balance, the DISTRIB utility will immed-
iately calculate the withdrawal amount for you. This withdrawal amount is
the amount of money that you may take out of your interest-bearing account
so that your money decreases to the ending balance over the term. Calculat-
ing the withdrawal amount to reach the ending balance is not trivial be-
cause not only are you concerned about the withdrawal amount itself, but you
must take into consideration that the account is interest-bearing. DISTRIB
is a very simple utility that can immediately solve a not-so-simple prob-
lem.

A perfect example of a use of DISTRIB is the distributions from a closed IRA
account. An elderly man has saved $57,000 in an IRA and wishes to withdraw
a certain amount per month. The interest rate is 6.25%. He plans for 15


Page 12

years worth of withdrawals and wants to leave $1,500 in the account. Find
the monthly withdrawal amount. Using DISTRIB the answer is $483.68.

2.2 Features. The utility offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Different compounding frequencies
o Can pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this utility
o User can escape or quit at any time
o This utility aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading
o The utility is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This utility will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


2.3 The Schedule.
Below is shown the first few and last few entries of a typical schedule
(using the example of section 1, above). Notice the BEGINNING BALANCE (which
starts at $57,000), the ENDING BALANCE (which ends at $1,500), and PRINCIPAL
WITHDRAWN (which is the withdrawal amount calculated = $483.68). Also, we
added a dummy date for the first withdrawal date of 01/01/89 (it was actu-
ally entered as 010189). Remember, interest is always being gained, too.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
PMT WITHDRAWAL BEGINNING PRINCIPAL PERIODIC ENDING TOTAL
# DATE BALANCE WITHDRAWN INT.GAIN BALANCE PAID OUT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 1/01/89 57,000.00 483.68 296.88 56,813.20 483.68
2 2/01/89 56,813.20 483.68 295.90 56,625.42 483.68
3 3/01/89 56,625.42 483.68 294.92 56,436.66 483.68
4 4/01/89 56,436.66 483.68 293.94 56,246.92 483.68
5 5/01/89 56,246.92 483.68 292.95 56,056.19 483.68
. . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
177 9/01/03 3,379.62 483.68 17.60 2,913.54 483.68
178 10/01/03 2,913.54 483.68 15.17 2,445.03 483.68
179 11/01/03 2,445.03 483.68 12.73 1,974.08 483.68
180 12/01/03 1,974.08 474.08 10.28 1,500.00 484.36
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
end
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)


2.4 Exiting the utility.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the utility, depending


Page 13

on the context you are within. Pressing will immediately exit you from
the utility. Pressing the key will repeat the previous question. Sup-
pose you made a mistake on the rate (you typed 6.6 instead of 6.2), then at
the compounding frequency query just press to go back to the interest
rate query and enter the correct quantity (6.2).


2.5 Entering the data (answering the queries).
Below are shown the questions (queries) that you will be presented with. The
figures reflect the example stated in section 1.

Enter your TITLE for the report, if you desire one, otherwise
just hit >

Enter BEGINNING BALANCE (initial amount) >57000

Enter ENDING BALANCE (how much you will end up with);
this amount should be less than the BEGINNING BALANCE,
and, it may be zero; if zero, hit >1500

Enter ANNUAL INTEREST RATE >6.25

If you want Monthly distributions, as is common then just hit ,
or Quarterly hit Q, or Weekly hit W, or Daily hit D, or Yearly hit Y.
For example, if you choose W for Weekly, your report will show Weekly
distributions.
Enter COMPOUNDING PERIOD (=M, Q, W, D, Y) >

Enter TOTAL NUMBER OF YEARS >15
Enter ADDITIONAL MONTHS >


+--------------------------------------------------+
| |
| PERIODIC WITHDRAWAL AMOUNT= $483.68 |
| |
+--------------------------------------------------+


Want a SCHEDULE? (Y/N/E=exit/S=start over)


2.6 Displaying a Schedule. Pausing or Escaping.
Next, by the magic of computer programming, your schedule will be generated
on the screen. It's possible to pause the display by pressing a key like
the space bar, and then press it again to continue. You can quit by pres-
sing the key. See the schedule above. At the bottom of the
schedule, you'll see the words, "DO YOU WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)." If you
respond with an N, the utility goes back to the beginning. For a Y, the
utility prints a schedule.


2.7 Entering the actual payment and the date of the first payment.
If you have chosen to display or print a schedule, the utility asks for the
actual payment to be used and an optional first-payment date like this:



Page 14

Enter PAYMENT you wish (hit for amount above) >

Enter date of first payment (mmddyy) >010189

The payment amount doesn't necessarily have to be the amount that the pro-
gram calculated; it can be your choice. Of course, the arithmetic will
work out better if you choose the default value. Also, it's always more
professional to include a date if at all possible.


2.8 Schedule printing.
If you elect to print a schedule the program will request the screen or
printer. If you choose the printer press the key to stop the
printing or the key to pause.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
to cancel, to pause... DISTRIBUTIONS PROGRAM PRINTING...


Chapter 3 - THINGS-TO-DO

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

3.1 What is the THINGS-TO-DO program, and what does it do?
3.2 Features.
3.3 The Main Menu.
3.4 The bottom-line menu.
3.5 Add, aUtoadd, Change, Print, Find, Sort, Help, eXchange, Insert,
Remove, .
3.7 Other commands.
3.8 Exiting the program.


3.1 What is the THINGS-TO-DO program, and what does it do?
THINGS-TO-DO is a program originally written for us, to help us with our
development work. It became so good that we wanted to offer it to our
clients and customers. You may have many lists of things to do, for ex-
ample, lists of prospects, appointments, repairmen, phone numbers, action
items for work projects, events leading up to a closing, lists of parts to
buy for repairing your house or remodeling, grocery lists, lists of friends
and their telephone numbers, party supplies, or any list limited only by
your imagination. You'll need THINGS-TO-DO.

The computer program, THINGS-TO-DO, manages all of your lists and is very
easy to use. To run this program on your IBM PC or compatible, just type
the word "THINGS" and the Main Menu immediately appears. You may choose the
last-used list, a new list to be created, or an old list. Suppose you
choose a new list? The program asks you for the list's name. Then you can
add new items.

Other features include: change a section of or a whole item, find a string
in an item, sort all items, print all items, remove an item, insert an item
before another, exchange the places of two items, and help.

THINGS-TO-DO is a program for everybody - executives, lawyers, accountants,
computer people, church people, doctors, property managers, clerks, secre-


Page 15

taries, homemakers - anybody who keeps an organized list - at home or at the
office, or anywhere there's an IBM PC or compatible computer. One of our
clients kept a list of items needed to remodel his family room. One THINGS-
TO-DO user made up a list for her dinner party. We have found that secre-
taries love it and use it all the time. This program comes in full color or
black and white. THINGS-TO-DO is a quick and easy computer program that you
may use to manage many lists of items.


3.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Change a section of or a whole item
o Add up to 3000 items per list
o Autoadd feature for adding many items per session
o Can automatically enter last list used with one keystroke
o Start new lists or use old ones
o Find a string in an item
o Sort all items alphabetically
o Print all items on printer
o Remove an item
o Insert an item before another
o Exchange the places of two items
o Pause or quit during printing
o Easy-to-understand menu on the bottom of your screen
o Escape or quit at any time
o This program aids you in being organized
o Get help at the press of a key
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it
o Keeps you organized by keeping your lists organized
o It's very easy to update the computer list from a paper list
o This program was designed with you in mind.


3.3 The Main Menu.

THINGS-TO-DO MAIN MENU

1. USE LAST-USED LIST
2. RECALL OLD LIST
3. CREATE A NEW LIST
4. REMOVE AN EXISTING LIST
5. EXIT PROGRAM


3.4 The bottom-line menu.
When you finally enter into a list from the Main Menu, your list will be
displayed and the 24th-line menu will appear as shown below:

A=add C=change E=exit F=find H=help I=insert


Page 16

F10=quit P=print R=remove S=sort U=auto-add X=xchange


3.5 Add, aUtoadd, Change, Print, Find, Sort, Help, eXchange, Insert,
Remove, .

Here's what the commands mean and how they work:

what how what it does and how it works
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Add - press A - adds one new item from a request line to the list.
aUtoadd - press U - adds more than one item on an ongoing basis to the
present list. After adding the item you get re-
turned to the request line. aUtoadd is more com-
fortable to use for entering a long list of items.
Press to quit aUtoadd.
Change - press C - Changes a section of an item or the whole item.
You tell the program which item # and the change.
Exit - press E
or - You leave the present context. Program quits from
Main Menu if you press or E.
Find - press F - The program finds a string embedded in an item. It
tells you the item # or #'s.
Help - press H - Brings up the help menu. See section 18 below.
Insert - press I - Inserts an item before another item in your list.
You tell the program which item #.
Print - press P - Prints your list on the printer.
Remove - press R - Deletes an item. You tell it the #.
Sort - press S - Sorts the whole list in alphabetical order. Be
careful not to sort if you have prioritized your
items (at entry time, or using Insert, or eXchange)
eXchange - press X - Exchanges two items. You tell it the two item #'s.


3.6 Other commands.
There are three other commands: , up arrow, and down arrow. When

you are displaying your list on the screen you will see 17 items per screen.
So if you have 59 items in your list of things-to-do, then there will be 3
screens full (17 items each) and one last screen with 5 items, for a total
of 4 screens. Pressing moves the display to the next screen. Like-
wise, the down-arrow key moves the display to the next page worth of items.
The up-arrow key moves your display to the previous page.


3.7 Pressing H for help.
When you press H you'll immediately get this help screen and menu. Press
any letter on the left side and you'll get help for that subject. When you
are finished viewing your help screen just press any key to go back to this
menu. To return to your list simply press .


H E L P M E N U

A ---> Add a new item
C ---> Change an item
E ---> Exit the program


Page 17

F ---> Find something in an item
H ---> Help (this segment)
I ---> Insert an item before another one
P ---> Print all items on your printer
R ---> Remove an item
S ---> Sort your list
U ---> aUto-add items to your list
X ---> eXchange one item for another
---> To go back to your list of things

Choose an Item: a,c,e,f,h,i,p,r,s,u,x >

3.8 Exiting the program.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depending
on the context you are within.


Chapter 4 - Future Amount

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

4.1 What is the FUTURE program, and what does it do?
4.2 Features.
4.3 The Schedule.
4.4 Exiting the program.
4.5 Entering the data (answering the queries).
4.6 Displaying a schedule. Pausing or Escaping.
4.7 Entering the actual payment and the date of the first payment.
4.8 Schedule printing.


4.1 What is the FUTURE program, and what does it do?
Given a starting balance, interest rate, term, and an ending balance which
must be greater than the starting balance, the FUTURE program will immed-
iately calculate the deposit amount for you. This deposit amount is the
amount of money that you must deposit into your interest-bearing account so
that your money grows to the ending balance over the term. Calculating the
deposit amount to reach a goal of savings is not obvious because not only
are you concerned about the deposit amount itself, but you must take into
consideration that the account is interest-bearing. FUTURE is a very sim-
ple program that can immediately solve a not-so-simple problem.

Suppose a lady wishes to save up to $15,000 over 4 years and 6 months. She
can get an interest rate of 6.15%. She'll start with $1,000. What would
her monthly deposit amount be to reach her goal? Using FUTURE the answer is
$220.57.


4.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Different compounding frequencies
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this program


Page 18

o Escape or quit at any time
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


4.3 The Schedule.
Below is shown the first few and last few entries of a typical schedule
(using the example of section 1, above). Notice the BEGINNING BALANCE (which
starts at $1,000), ENDING BALANCE (which ends at $15,000), and PRINCIPAL
ADDED (which is the deposit amount calculated = $220.57). Also, you added a
dummy date for the first deposit date of 01/01/89 (it was actually entered
as 010189). Remember, interest is always being gained, too.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
PMT DEPOSIT BEGINNING PRINCIPAL PERIODIC ENDING TOTAL
# DATE BALANCE ADDED INT.GAIN BALANCE PAID IN
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 1/01/09 1,000.00 220.57 5.13 1,225.70 225.70
2 2/01/09 1,225.70 220.57 6.28 1,452.55 226.85
3 3/01/09 1,452.55 220.57 7.44 1,680.56 228.01
4 4/01/09 1,680.56 220.57 8.61 1,909.74 229.18
5 5/01/09 1,909.74 220.57 9.79 2,140.10 230.36
. . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
50 2/01/13 13,535.29 220.57 69.37 13,825.23 289.94
51 3/01/13 13,825.23 220.57 70.85 14,116.65 291.42
52 4/01/13 14,116.65 220.57 72.35 14,409.57 292.92
53 5/01/13 14,409.57 220.57 73.85 14,703.99 294.42
54 6/01/13 14,703.99 220.65 75.36 15,000.00 296.01
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
end
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)


4.4 Exiting the program.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depending
on the context you are within. Pressing will immediately exit you from
the program. Pressing the key will repeat the previous question. Sup-
pose you made a mistake on the rate (you typed 6.6 instead of 6.2), then at
the compounding frequency query just press to go back to the interest
rate query and enter the correct quantity (6.2).


4.5 Entering the data (answering the queries).
Below are shown the questions (queries) that you will be presented with. The


Page 19

figures reflect the example stated in section 1.

Enter your TITLE for the report, if you desire one, otherwise
just hit >

Enter BEGINNING BALANCE (initial amount, quite often zero);
if the amount is zero, then just hit >1000

Enter ENDING BALANCE (how much you will end up with);
this is the final amount, or your goal, which should
be greater than the BEGINNING BALANCE >15000

Enter ANNUAL INTEREST RATE >6.15

If you want Monthly savings, as is common, then just press ,
or Quarterly hit Q, or Weekly hit W, or Daily hit D, or Yearly hit Y.
For example, if you choose W for Weekly, your report will show Weekly
savings (deposits).
Enter COMPOUNDING PERIOD (=M, Q, W, D, Y) >

Enter TOTAL NUMBER OF YEARS >4
Enter ADDITIONAL MONTHS >6


+--------------------------------------------------+
| |
| PERIODIC SAVINGS AMOUNT= $220.57 |
| |
+--------------------------------------------------+


Want a SCHEDULE? (Y/N/E=exit/S=start over)


4.6 Displaying a Schedule. Pausing or Escaping.
Next, by the magic of computer programming, your schedule will be generated
on the screen. It's possible to pause the display by pressing a key like
the space bar, and then press it again to continue. You can quit by pres-
sing the key. See the schedule above. At the bottom of the
schedule, you'll see the words, "DO YOU WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)." If you
respond with an N, the program goes back to the beginning. For a Y, the
program prints a schedule.


4.7 Entering the actual payment and the date of the first payment.
If you have chosen to display or print a schedule, the program asks for the
actual payment to be used and an optional first-payment date like this:

Enter PAYMENT you wish (hit for amount above) >

Enter date of first payment (mmddyy) >010189

The payment amount doesn't necessarily have to be the amount that the pro-
gram calculated; it can be your choice. Of course, the arithmetic will
work out better if you choose the default value. Also, it's always more
professional to include a date if at all possible.


Page 20



4.8 Schedule printing.
If you elect to print a schedule the program will request the screen or
printer. If you choose the printer press the key to stop the
printing or the key to pause.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
to cancel, to pause... FUTURE AMOUNT PROGRAM PRINTING...


Chapter 5 - Payments

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

5.1 What is the PAYMENTS program, and what does it do?
5.2 Features.
5.3 The Main Menu.
5.4 The schedule.
5.5 The questions the computer will be asking you.
5.6 Exiting the program.
5.7 Entering the Principal.
5.8 Entering the Interest Rate.
5.9 Entering the Compounding Frequency.
5.10 Displaying a Schedule.
5.11 Entering the optional Job Number.
5.12 Entering the optional client's name and address.
5.13 Number of copies.
5.14 Schedule printing.


5.1 What is the PAYMENTS program, and what does it do?
This utility is used to print out range-and-spreads to the screen or to your
printer. You are asked for a starting interest rate which forms a spread in
increments of 0.5 across the top, and you are asked for a starting value of
another quantity which is spread in appropriate increments down the left-
hand column. In between is a checkerboard of values around which your eye
may peruse so that you may hone in on a value close to what is desired.
Then you will have defined a starting point since you'll know the rate from
the top row and the value from the left-hand column.

There are five menu choices for ranges-and-spreads. See the Main Menu
section below. You can request ranges-and-spreads for amounts financed vs.
interest rates, loan payments, affordable principal amounts, growth pay-
ments, and distribution amounts. Only after you use this program a few
times, will you be able to see its beauty. It's like a new powerful
language. Use it to find approximate or "ballpark" financing variables
quickly by looking over a topology of related numbers.

As an example, PAYMENTS is a simple program that anybody using or needing
loan payments should find useful. Using the LOAN PAYMENTS choice from the
Main Menu, the program requests the principal, interest rate, and compound-
ing frequency, and prints out the periodic payment (monthly, quarterly,
etc.) needed to payoff (amortize) the loan in 1 year, 2 years, 3,4,5,...up
to 30 years. From this report, a borrower may find, for example, how much
the monthly payment is to payoff his loan in 5, 10, 15, or 20 years. Some


Page 21

borrowers look at the 30-year monthly payment and the 20-year payment and
find the difference they would have to pay monthly (in additional principal)
in order to payoff the loan in only 20 years. This whole process can be
done with the PAYMENTS program in only a few keystrokes.

This is only one example. PAYMENTS can do much more! See section 5.3 below.


5.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Different compounding frequencies
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this program
o Escape or quit at any time
o Client's name and address block is saved for convenience
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Get help at the press of a key
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


5.3 The Main Menu.

PAYMENTS PROGRAM SELECTION GUIDE

1 - AMOUNT FINANCED vs. INTEREST RATE
You enter a starting interest rate
and a starting amount financed.
You'll get a payment spread.

2 - LOAN PAYMENTS--------->You enter an amount financed and an
interest rate. You get the monthly
payments for terms over 1-30 years.

3 - AFFORDABLE PRINCIPAL-->You enter a starting interest rate
and your lowest starting payment
You'll get an affordability matrix.

4 - GROWTH PAYMENTS------->Enter payment and rate for growth chart.

5 - DISBURSEMENT PAYMENTS->Enter withdrawal and rate for a chart.


Enter 1 - 5, or E >





Page 22

5.4 The schedule.
The following schedule is your goal. How do you read it? Well, first of
all, the borrower borrowed $10,000 at 10.75%. He then wanted to know how
long it would take to pay off the loan for different scenarios, i.e.,
different amount of time (term). He told the computer program that he
wanted "monthly" payments. So, looking at the schedule, for $882.65 per
month, the loan will be paid off in 1 year. Notice the (M) near the upper
right-hand corner of the report. This "M" stands for "monthly" payments.
Similarly, if he wants to repay the loan in 5 years, then he knows right
away that the monthly payment will be $216.18.



02/05/88 PAYMENTS Scope Program by PELTON, Ver. 1.3 4:29 PM
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PAYMENTS TO PAYOFF $10,000.00 AT 10.7500% FOR DIFFERENT TERMS IN YEARS (M)

# YEARS PAYMENT # YEARS PAYMENT
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 882.65 16 109.31
2 464.92 17 106.92
3 326.21 18 104.86
4 257.25 19 103.08
5 216.18 20 101.53
6 189.07 21 100.17
7 169.92 22 98.98
8 155.74 23 97.94
9 144.88 24 97.02
10 136.34 25 96.21
11 129.48 26 95.50
12 123.88 27 94.86
13 119.25 28 94.30
14 115.37 29 93.80
15 112.10 30 93.35


--------------------------------------------------------------------------
DO YOU WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)

5.5 The questions the computer will be asking you.
The program will request the principal amount, rate, compounding period,
deposit amount, withdrawal amount, optional payment amount, starting date,
optional job number, client name, and number of copies. The program won't
request all these quantities at once, rather, only certain ones depending
on the menu choice and type of range-and-spread desired.

5.6 Exiting the program.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depend-
ing on the context you are within. Pressing the key will repeat the
previous question. Suppose you made a mistake on the principal amount (you
typed 9000 instead of 90000), then at the interest rate inquiry just press
to go back to the principal amount inquiry and enter the correct
quantity.



Page 23


5.7 Entering the Principal.
Here, the program asks how much was borrowed. Enter any amount up to
$99,999,999.99. Don't use commas or dollar signs. Below, the user entered
$10,000.00. (Type E or to exit).

Principal:
Enter principal amount financed >10000


5.8 Entering the Interest Rate.
Next, put in the interest rate (per year). In the example below, the user
was "charged" a "yearly" percentage rate of 10.75. (Type E to exit).

Interest rate:
Enter yearly interest rate >10.75


5.9 Entering the Compounding Frequency.
Next, decide what compounding frequency you will be working with. Some
business loans are compounded quarterly. Most regular consumer loans are
compounded "monthly." To use "monthly" you may just hit carriage return
or M. (Type E or to exit).

Compounding Period:
The interest rate was given as a yearly rate (APR), but
the lender may calculate payments QUARTERLY which is every
three months, for example. Please make the appropriate choice
below.

OR M = compounding period is MONTHLY (typical),
D = DAILY,
W = WEEKLY,
2 = EVERY TWO WEEKS,
T = TWICE-MONTHLY,
Q = QUARTERLY,
S = SEMI-ANNUALLY,
A = ANNUALLY

Enter a letter on left (or just hit for MONTHLY) >


5.10 Displaying a Schedule.
Next, by the magic of computer programming, your schedule will be generated
on the screen. See the schedule above. At the bottom of the schedule,
you'll see the words, "DO YOU WANT A PRINTOUT? (Y/N)." If you respond with
an N, the program goes back to the beginning. For a Y, the program asks for
a job number, client name, and number of copies.


5.11 Entering the optional Job Number.
You may enter a job number, or hit . Below, the user put in job
number 909. (Type E to exit).

Job Number:
Would you like to give this report a job number, 'e' to exit,


Page 24

or press for no job number >909


5.12 Entering the optional client's name and address.
Next, you may enter your name and address or your friend's or client's. The
computer "pulled" the name and address shown below from the disk. You are
asked if you wish to keep it on put in a new name and address. The name and
address are stored to help you save time and energy when processing multiple
schedules for the same party. (Type E to exit).

Client:
Enter client name, address, etc.... press for no name, etc.

Stephen J. Foss
P.O. Box 687
Ipswich, MA 01938

If you want the same client, type 'k' or type 'n' for a new client

'K' = KEEP -or- 'N' = NEW ONE (K/N)

Stephen J. Foss
P.O. Box 687
Ipswich, MA 01938


5.13 Number of copies.
The programs asks how many. The user said 1.
(Could type E to exit).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
How Many Copies? >


5.14 Schedule printing.
Finally, the schedule begins printing. Press the key to stop the
printing. The bottom line tells you for whom the report is being printed,
and how many copies.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Report now printing....hit to stop... Stephen J. Foss 1


Chapter 6 - G5LOAN

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

6.1 What is the G5LOAN program, and what does it do?
6.2 Features.
6.3 The Main Menu.
6.4 The CALCULATOR.
6.5 The Schedule maker.
6.6 The company name data base.
6.7 Exiting the program.
6.8 Entering the Principal.
6.9 Entering the Interest Rate.
6.10 Entering the Compounding Frequency.


Page 25

6.11 Entering the payment amount for conventional loans.
6.12 Entering the "second day" for twice-monthly type loans.
6.13 Entering pertinent other data
6.14 Entering the optional Job Number.
6.15 Entering the optional client's name and address.
6.16 Schedule Summary.
6.17 The Output Menu.
6.18 Displaying a Schedule.
6.19 Schedule printing.


6.1 What is the G5LOAN program, and what does it do?
This loan program is not just another "run of the mill" loan scheduler.
G5LOAN will print out loan schedules for your documentation, loan summary
information, summary-by-years of interest and principal paid, and last pay-
ment. The loan calculator will calculate the payment, principal, rate, or
term, if you know three out of four of these quantities. Your G5LOAN pro-
gram will also calculate the add-on interest amount for installment loans as
well as show you the current rebate and the current payoff. How many times
have you had to call your bank and ask for this information? Suppose you
have a $3,000 loan. The interest rate is 13.5%. Compounding is monthly and
the term is 42 months. The loan calculator immediately calculates the pay-
ment as $90.03 per month and the add-on interest as $781.26, bringing the
total payback (sometimes called the "deferred payment price") to $3,781.26.
With G5LOAN you are able to calculate and document six types of loans:

1. regular direct-reduction, with level monthly payments,
2. regular direct-reduction, with twice-monthly payments,
3. regular direct-reduction, with payments every-2-weeks,
4. add-on interest installments according to the rule of 78's,
5. conventional old-fashioned - payments decrease with time,
6. direct-reduction using different compounding periods.


6.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Put your own name, company name & address in the report headings
(and this info is saved to be used over and can be changed)
o Professional reports to screen or printer
o Client's name and address block is saved for convenience
o Different compounding frequencies
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this program
o Escape or quit at any time
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
(We've gotten many unsolicited letters from people who say it's
the best they've seen and used)
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment


Page 26

o Information is where you need it.


6.3 The Main Menu is shown below.

M A I N F U N C T I O N M E N U

1 - Loan Calculator for Monthly Mortgage Quantities:
Use this section to find the payment, principal,
rate, or term of a standard monthly mortgage if
you know three out of four of these quantities.

2 - Loan Schedules, Professional-Looking Reports:
Use this section to explore more exotic loan types
and loan information, like last payment, loan sum-
maries, yearly interest & principal summaries, and
print the best professional-looking loan schedules.

3 - Edit Your Company's Name to Appear on Printed Reports:
Use this section to add/edit your own company's name.

E - Exit the program - go back to Financial Utilities Menu.


Enter 1, 2, 3, or E >


There are three parts to the G5LOAN program: The CALCULATOR, the Sched-
ule maker, and the company name data base.


6.4 The CALCULATOR.
The CALCULATOR's first screen is shown below:


Principal:
Enter principal amount financed >1,000.00


Interest rate:
Enter yearly interest rate >12


Term:
Number of years >1
Additional number of months >0

Years= 1 Months= 0 Weeks= 0


Given payment amount:
Enter payment amount if given by the lender; if no amount is given,
enter zero (0) or hit >0.00


NOTE: in the above case, we chose 0 for the GIVEN payment since we want


Page 27

G5 to calculate the exact payment amount for us.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
G5LOAN Monthly Mortgage Calculator


This is the second screen of the CALCULATOR:


Principal = $1,000.00
Rate = 12.0000 % per year
Compounding is = Monthly
Term = 1 year, -or- 12 pmts


Payment = $88.85




For Monthly Mortgages:
Total Interest = $ 66.19
Principal paid in = 1,000.00
Total Payback = $ 1,066.19


Monthly lease factor is: .0889


NOTE: if you have "entered" the CALCULATOR from "Calc loan pmt" from the
Selection Guide then you may only exit back to the Selection Guide, hence,
you'll get this bottom line:

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
E=exit, or =continue -->


But, if you "entered" the CALCULATOR from the G5 Main Menu (which threaded
from the "Work with Loans" entry of the Selection Guide, then you'll wind
up with this bottom line (from which you may immediately enter the sched-
ule maker section of G5, go back to the Main G5 Menu, or exit back to the
Selection Guide):

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
M=main menu, S=do a schedule E=exit, or =continue -->


Don't let yourself be confused about this program flow; just trying it
is the best way to learn, and you'll find that it is not really confusing.


6.5 The Schedule maker.
If you choose "2" from the G5 Main Menu you'll get right into the schedule
maker section. You DO NOT have to get into the CALCULATOR first! For
complex type loans (every-two-weeks, bi-monthly, etc.) start here, with
the schedule maker. Also, if you don't know a quantity, leave it blank.


Page 28

G5 will find an answer for you. NOTE: G5, unfortunately, is not a mind-
reader nor soothsayer, so it can't synthesize a loan as a loan expert
human; you can give it only one unknown at a time. I.e., you know the
principal amount borrowed, the yearly rate, the payment amount, but not
the term -- in this case you're OK; G5 will solve for the term. So, you
must know three out of four of the following: principal amount borrowed,
annual rate, term, and payment amount. NOTE: most commonly, people know
the principal, rate, and term, and wish to find the payment amount.


6.6 The company name data base.
Choosing "3" from G5's Main Menu puts you into the company-name address
block data base. Entering your name, company name, and address here will
allow you to print this info out on your professional G5 reports and
schedules. Your clients will be impressed. Section 6.15 shows how the
client's name and address is put in, and the company name and address action
is very similar.


6.7 Exiting the program.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depend-
ing on the context you are within. Pressing the key will repeat the
previous question. Suppose you made a mistake on the principal amount (you
typed 9000 instead of 90000), then at the interest rate inquiry just press
to go back to the principal amount inquiry and enter the correct
quantity.


6.8 Entering the Principal.
Here, the program asks how much was borrowed. Enter any amount up to
$99,999,999.99. Don't use dollar signs, but if you enter commas, the
program expunges them. Below, the user entered $10,000.00. (Type E to
exit).

Principal:
Enter principal amount financed >10000


6.9 Entering the Interest Rate.
Next, put in the interest rate (per year). In the example below, the user
was "charged" a "yearly" percentage rate of 10.75. (Type E to exit).

Interest rate:
Enter yearly interest rate >10.75


6.10 Entering the Compounding Frequency.
Next, decide what compounding frequency you will be working with. Some
business loans are compounded quarterly. Most regular consumer loans are
compounded "monthly." To use "monthly" you may just hit carriage return
or M. (Type E or to exit).

Compounding Period:
The interest rate was given as a yearly rate (APR), but
the lender may calculate payments QUARTERLY which is every


Page 29

three months, for example. Please make the appropriate choice
below.

OR M = compounding period is MONTHLY (typical),
D = DAILY,
W = WEEKLY,
2 = EVERY TWO WEEKS,
T = TWICE-MONTHLY,
Q = QUARTERLY,
S = SEMI-ANNUALLY,
A = ANNUALLY

Enter a letter on left (or just hit for MONTHLY) >


6.11 Entering the payment amount for conventional loans.
Loan type 5 is the conventional loan type. This type of loan is very old
fashioned, but very straightforward. For example, suppose you borrow $100
from a "friend" for 10 months. You say, "Look, I'll pay you $10 per mo."
until the loan is paid off. He says, "Yeah, but I also want 12 percent
annual interest". "OK!" So, the monthly principal repayment is always
$10, and on top of that you add the interest. So, the first payment is
$11 ($90 remaining balance), the second payment is $10.90 ($80 balance).
The monthly payment (total of interest and principal) varies each month.
This is a conventional loan. So, when using Pelton's Financial Utilities
to schedule out a conventional loan, you MUST state the monthly payment
towards principal, but you get help. The G5 program chooses a minimum
amount for you. An example follows:


Principal:
Enter principal amount financed >1,000.00


Interest rate:
Enter yearly interest rate >12


Term:
Number of years >1
Additional number of months >0

Years= 1 Months= 0 Weeks= 0


Given payment amount:
Enter payment amount if given by the lender; if no amount is given,
enter zero (0) or hit >83.33


Conventional Payment must be equal or greater than 83.33


NOTE: we chose the requested minimum for the monthly (principal) payment,
83.33. Also, see section 6.16 for another important comment.



Page 30


6.12 Entering the "second day" for twice-monthly type loans.
Suppose you choose the twice-monthly type loan (type "2", see 6.1).
Well, there must be a second day on which the second payment of that month
will be made. You are allowed to choose this day, as a number, e.g., 15,
or, the program will choose it for you. Below is an example. Try using
this option once or twice; it's easy.

Second payment DAY (for twice-monthly payments):
Enter second payment DAY for month; (use format DD, e.g., 25 for the 25th).
If first payment were made on the 10th, second to be made on 25th.
For automatic date generation, enter 0,then hit >15


6.13 Entering pertinent other data
Some other important questions may come up during your G5 session. They
are:


Balloon payment number:
Enter balloon payment number; if no balloon is wanted
then enter zero (0) or hit >0


Payment dates:
Enter first payment date of loan; use this format (MMDDYYYY).
For no date enter 0. Then hit >01-30-1991


Comments:
Do you wish to include any comments on your report - 4 lines only (y/n)?


NOTE: these questions are fairly self explanatory.


6.14 Entering the optional Job Number.
You may enter a job number, or hit . Below, the user put in job
number 909. (Type E to exit).

Job Number:
Would you like to give this report a job number, 'e' to exit,
or press for no job number >909


6.15 Entering the optional client's name and address.
This part is also very similar to the company's name and address entry (see
section 6.6, above). Next, you may enter your name and address or your
friend's or client's. The computer "pulled" the name and address shown
below from the disk. You are asked if you wish to keep it on put in a new
name and address. The name and address are stored to help you save time and
energy when processing multiple schedules for the same party.



Client:
Enter client name, address, etc.... press for no name, etc.


Page 31


Pelton Computer Consultants
P.O. Box 687
Ipswich, MA 01938

If you want the same client, type 'k' or type 'n' for a new client

'K' = KEEP -or- 'N' = NEW ONE (K/N)

Pelton Computer Consultants
P.O. Box 687
Ipswich, MA 01938


6.16 Schedule Summary.
Below is shown the Schedule Summary screen which appears when you have
completed entering your data. This shows you some interesting info. Plus,
you may change certain items by typing in the item number. Below, we have a
summary for the "twice-monthly" loan type. NOTE: if you are working with
loan type "5", a conventional loan, and you wish to change an item such as
rate, principal, or term, the conventional given payment amount (the amount
of principal payback -- see section 6.11) is not changed automatically; you
are responsible for that amount! Also, you may return to the Main G5 Menu,
enter a number to change that particular item, or press to get to
the Output Menu, discussed below.


S C H E D U L E S U M M A R Y

1. Job number = none
2. Client name = Steve Foss
3. Address = P.O. Box 687
4. Address = Ipswich, MA 01938

6. Principal = $1,000.00
7. Rate = 12.0000 % per year
8. Term = 1 yr, -or- 24 pmts
9. Payment = $44.32
TOTAL Interest = $63.71
Total Payback = $1,063.71

10. Loan type = 2 : Reg. dir-red., twice-mo. pmts
11. First date = 01-30-1991
12. Second day = 15
13. Balloon # = None
14. Compounding = Twice-monthly


---------------------------------------------------------------------------
##=change item, M=main menu, or hit for output ->


6.17 The Output Menu.
Here we see the Output Menu, which get displayed from the Schedule Summary
page (see above). You have many nice choices. Try a few. Pressing
will immediately return you to the Schedule Summary display.


Page 32



O U T P U T M E N U


1 - Summary Report
2 - Loan Schedule Output
3 - Find Last Payment Only
4 - Summary of Yearly Totals
5 - Run the Same Job Over Again
6 - Return to the Main Menu
E - Exit

- To Go Back to Display Info Screen


Your Choice (1-6 or E) >



6.18 Displaying a Schedule.
After all data is entered, the program brings you to a summary screen from
which each entry may be further changed by choosing the corresponding num-
ber. When all data is correct you may proceed to the next menu, the output
menu, from which you may display or print a schedule, last payment, summary,
or yearly totals of interest and principal paid. If you selected printed
output, the program will request a job number (any arbitrary number).


6.19 Schedule printing.
If you elect to print a schedule the program will request the screen or
printer. If you choose the printer press the key to stop the
printing or the key to pause.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Report now printing....hit to stop... Stephen J. Foss 23


Chapter 7 - IRA CALC

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

7.1 What is the IRA CALC program, and what does it do?
7.2 Features.
7.3 The questions the computer will be asking you.
7.4 The summary.
7.5 Exiting the program.
7.6 The abbreviated schedule.
7.7 The full schedule.


7.1 What is the IRA CALC program, and what does it do?
IRA CALC is a computer program that calculates the ending balance for a
money-growth financial problem like that of an individual retirement
account. The program accepts an initial amount (when you open the account,
say), a recurring monthly amount, and a recurring yearly amount, with the


Page 33

associated deposit dates. A summary of information, an abbreviated
schedule, and a full schedule can be printed or displayed. The IRA CALC
program solves many growth problems; not just IRA's. Compounded daily
interest is used in the calculations.

As an example, consider an IRA with interest rate 5.5%, an initial deposit
of $100 on Feb. 2, 1989, a recurring monthly deposit of $50 which first
starts on Mar. 25, 1989, and a recurring yearly deposit of $500 which starts
on Apr 15, 1989. The IRA program calculated the final balance as $6,439.28.


7.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Accepts three type of financial data: initial deposit amount,
monthly deposit amount, and yearly deposit amount
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this program
o Escape or quit at any time
o Easy to change data and rerun the program
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


7.3 The questions the computer will be asking you.
Below is shown a typical session of the IRA CALC program:

Enter Annual Interest Rate (e.g., 7.5, E=exit) >5.5

Enter Total Number of Years >5
Enter Additonal Number of Months >0
5 Years, and 0 Months for 60 Total periods

Initial Deposit Amount:
This is the amount you first deposited when you opened your account.
Enter Initial Deposit Amount = 100

Enter Initial Deposit Date (MMDDYY) = 02-01-89

Monthly Contribution Amount:
This is the recurring monthly amount you plan to put into your IRA
every month. If zero, just hit , or enter 0.
Enter Monthly Contribution Amount = 50

Monthly Contribution Date:
This is the date of your FIRST monthly contribution. The day of
the month will be used in the calculations.
Enter Monthly Contribution Date (MMDDYY) = 03-25-89


Page 34


Yearly Contribution Amount:
If you plan to make a yearly contribution perhaps at tax time, put
amount here. If zero, just hit , or enter 0.
Enter Yearly Contribution Amount = 500

Yearly Contribution Date:
This is the date of your YEARLY recurring contribution. It will be
used in the calculations.
Enter Yearly Contribution Date (MMDDYY) = 04-15-89

Skip in-between displays and show a summary report (S=skip to summary/N=no)


7.4 The summary.

Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Periods = 60

Annual Interest Rate = 5.5000
Daily Interest Rate = .000150685

Initial Deposit Amount = 100.00
Initial Deposit Date = 02-01-89

Regular Monthly Contribution = 50.00
Regular Monthly Contribution Date = 03-25-89

Regular Yearly Contribution = 500.00
Regular Yearly Contribution Date = 04-15-89

Grand Total Interest Gained = 889.28
Grand Total Contributions Made = 5,550.00

Final Balance = $ 6,439.28
=========

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Would you like a printout of this page? (Y/N)


7.5 Exiting the program.
Pressing and sometimes E or e will either back you out of that par-
ticular inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depend-
ing on the context you are within. Pressing the key will repeat the
previous question. Suppose you made a mistake on the principal amount (you
typed 9000 instead of 90000), then at the interest rate inquiry just press
to go back to the principal amount inquiry and enter the correct
quantity.


7.6 The abbreviated schedule.

Total Number of YEAR DEPOSITS INTEREST BALANCE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1989 1,100.00 36.08 1,136.08


Page 35

1990 1,100.00 100.17 2,336.25
1991 1,100.00 168.03 3,604.28
1992 1,100.00 239.72 4,944.00
1994 1,100.00 315.46 6,359.46
1995 50.00 29.82 6,439.28

GRAND TOTALS 5,550.00 889.28 6,439.28
===========

7.7 The full schedule.

Total Number of YEAR DEPOSITS INTEREST BALANCE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 FEB 1989 100.00 .41 100.41
2 MAR 1989 50.00 .52 150.92
3 APR 1989 550.00 1.85 702.78
4 MAY 1989 50.00 3.34 756.11
5 JUN 1989 50.00 3.46 809.57
6 JUL 1989 50.00 3.84 863.41
7 AUG 1989 50.00 4.09 917.50
8 SEP 1989 50.00 4.19 971.69
9 OCT 1989 50.00 4.59 1,026.29
10 NOV 1989 50.00 4.69 1,080.97
11 DEC 1989 50.00 5.11 1,136.08
--------- ---------
Totals for year = 1989 1,100.00 36.08

12 JAN 1990 50.00 5.36 1,191.44
13 FEB 1990 50.00 5.06 1,246.50
. . . . . .
. . . . . .
. . . . . .
52 MAY 1993 50.00 26.90 5,813.76
53 JUN 1993 50.00 26.38 5,890.13
54 JUL 1993 50.00 27.62 5,967.75
55 AUG 1993 50.00 27.99 6,045.74
56 SEP 1993 50.00 27.43 6,123.17
57 OCT 1993 50.00 28.71 6,201.88
58 NOV 1993 50.00 28.13 6,280.01
59 DEC 1993 50.00 29.45 6,359.46
--------- ---------
Totals for year = 1994 1,100.00 315.46

60 JAN 1995 50.00 29.82 6,439.28
--------- ---------
Totals for year = 1995 50.00 29.82


GRAND TOTALS 5,550.00 889.28 6,439.28
===========


Chapter 8 - G7 VARI-LOAN

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER



Page 36

8.1 What is the G7 VARI-LOAN program, and what does it do?
8.2 Features.
8.3 The commands.
8.4 The HELP command.
8.5 Exiting the program.
8.6 Displaying (SHOWing) a Schedule.
8.7 Schedule printing (PRINT).
8.8 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 1.
8.9 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 2.
8.10 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 3.
8.11 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 4.
8.12 Example 5: Finding the Future Value of a Present Amount.
8.13 More examples available upon request.

8.1 What is the G7 VARI-LOAN program, and what does it do?
With this Pelton Financial Utility you can analyze one or two different
complex loans in which the interest rates or payment amounts may vary from
payment-to-payment. Secondly, you can quickly compare the two loans via the
side-by-side analysis summary. With G7 VARI-LOAN you can change any rate or
payment amount, list the first three or last three payments, or show a
summary (first 3 and last 3). You can also expand or shrink (balloon) a
loan, and you can save and recall your work! The "compare" feature clearly
helps you to decide which loan is better for you. G7 VARI-LOAN has many
other helpful features as you will see later.


8.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy to change data and rerun the program
o Escape or quit at any time
o Client's name and address block is saved for convenience
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Get help at the press of a key
o Fast loading
o Can save and recall sessions to/from a disk file
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


8.3 The commands.
The commands are shown similar to the actual top-level help screen, below.

. - : 1 2 ADD BALLOON BEGBAL CALC
CHANGE CLEAR CLS CMD COMMENT COMPARE DOWN
EXIT EXPAND FILE FV GET GO HEAD
HELP HISTORY I LOAN N PREVIOUS PAYMENT
PMT PRIN PRINT PV RATE REBUILD RECALL
RESET SAVE SHOW SKEL STATUS STORE SUBTRACT


Page 37

SUMMARY TAIL TERM TREE UNBALLOON UP USE
YEAR


8.4 The HELP command.
The HELP command can be used at any time. Help info is called up by typing
"help" or "help something" at any prompt. In the example below, we call up
help for the SHOW command after entering loan environment 1:

command >loan 1
loan 1>help show

SHOW used for:
SHOW a line item or range of lines of results
Format of SHOW:
SHOW # SHOW all
SHOW #1-#2 SHOW #-end
SHOW -# SHOW year 4
SHOW yr #
Example(s) of SHOW:
SHOW 5 SHOW 1-5
SHOW all SHOW 12-end
SHOW -12 SHOW year 3
SHOW year 1 SHOW yr 5
loan 1 >

By simply typing "help" without a qualifying command you'll be put into
"help" space and get a listing of all the commands. At that time, you may
type a command and get the help info for it.


8.5 Exiting the program.
Pressing or E (or e) will either back you out of that particular
inquiry sequence or completely exit you from the program, depending on the
context you are within. You will be asked the "Are you sure? (Y/N)"
confirmation question.


8.6 Displaying (SHOWing) a Schedule.
To display a schedule use the SHOW command. Use HELP SHOW for the exact
syntax (see section 8.4, above). Below are shown some typical "show"
syntaxes:
show 25-36

show all

show 49-end

In the first example we displayed line items (which are the same as pay-
ment numbers) 25 through 36 (which would be the third year of a monthly
loan). The second example is obvious; we displayed every payment num-ber.
Finally, in the third example we displayed items 49 through the last one.


8.7 Schedule printing (PRINT).
To print a schedule use the PRINT command. Use HELP PRINT for the exact


Page 38

syntax which is just about the same as that of SHOW.


8.8 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 1.
We have included five examples in this manual as opposed to discussing the
commands individually in great detail. For the exact command syntax of a
command, just type HELP XXXXX, where XXXXX is the command, or just type HELP
for a listing of all commands. Your client said he borrowed $4,500 at 8.25
percent, supposedly, for 9 months. The payment schedule was rather casual,
as he paid the following: $510.00, $525.00, $400.00, $475.00, $375.00,
and the most recent 6th payment, $515.00. Ascertain your client's financial
status, and document the proper schedule of payments for this loan.

Use G7 VARI-LOAN by choosing it from the main menu. The utility starts to
run and the command prompt appears. Choose an environment as "loan 1".
Then, set the principal (amount borrowed), the rate, and the term, as
follows:

loan 1
prin 4500
rate 8.25
term 9


Next, request a calculation for the appropriate payment by typing "get pmt"
(you could also type a "-" as short hand for "get pmt"):


get pmt
payment = 517.35


This looks good, so let's set the payment amount as follows:


pmt pmt


This line set the payment amount to the amount calculated, $517.35. Next
you must process the loan so that you'll have "line items" or payments to
work with. How many line items will there be after the above loan head-
ing information is processed? Nine, because there are 9 payments (one for
each of the 9 months for which the amount was borrowed). You execute
processing with:

go


You could have used the shorthand notation for processing also ("."). Now
you're in a position to actually look at some results. There are three ways
to quickly look over the processed loan, namely: "head", "tail", and
"summary". Shorthand for "head", "tail" and "summary" are "h", "t", and
"sum", respectively. At this time look over the first 10 (only 9 will
appear) line items (payments) by typing:




Page 39

head


Notice that all 9 payments are neatly shown. "Head" shows the first 9 pay-
ments or line items; similarly, "tail" shows you the last 9. "Summary"
shows you the first 3 and last 3. Try "summary":


summary


"Summary" is great for long loans. Now you're ready to make some changes
according to the real-life payment schedule. Keep the list of actual pay-
ments handy, and type the following:


change pmt 1 to 510
change pmt 2 to 525
change pmt 3 to 400
change pmt 4 to 475
change pmt 5 to 375
change pmt 6 to 515
go


Don't forget the "go" because that will reprocess the loan with the new
payment information. Then type "head" to see the first 9 payments:


head


The whole loan has been successfully reconstructed. Notice the last pay-
ment is higher than usual, as expected, at $831.84. Your assignment is
almost complete. Save your work and print out the documentation, assigning
a name to the file (e.g., jsmith). After typing "save" the utility will
request a name for the file, and you should type "jsmith" as the program
will acknowledge your entry. Finally, request a printout of all line items
by entering "print all":

save
enter filename: jsmith
work saved under jsmith
print all


Now, the vital statistics of the loan are in black-and-white. The last
thing to do is to exit the utility as follows:


exit
Are you sure? (y/n) y


and then you are brought back to the utilities main menu.



Page 40


8.9 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 2.
Upon reviewing the previous loan (section 2.5) you found out that the client
actually paid $555 on payment number 6, and $550 on payment number 2. Your
job is to fix the loan, produce documentation, and save your work for later
use. First, call up G7 VARI-LOAN from the utilities main menu. From the
command prompt you RECALL the previously named file, jsmith, as follows:


command >recall jsmith
Work saved as JSMITH recalled
Wish to rebuild this loan? (Y/N): Y
Echo on? (Y/N) Y


G7 successfully recalled the file jsmith and then asked you if you wish to
rebuild it. You answered "Y" otherwise you would not be able to do any
work on this client's loan information. Then G7 asked you if you wanted to
watch it being rebuilt. You said "yes", and this is what you saw:


rebuilding
1 LOAN 1
2 PRIN 4500
3 RATE 8.25
4 TERM 9
5 GET PMT
payment = 517.35
6 PMT PMT
7 -
payment = 517.35
8 GO
9 HEAD
10 CHAN PMT 1 TO 510
11 CHAN PMT 2 TO 525
12 CHAN PMT 3 TO 400
13 CHAN PMT 4 TO 475
14 CHAN PMT 5 TO 375
15 CHAN PMT 6 TO 515
16 GO
17 H
done
loan 1 >


And you are left with the "loan 1" environment prompt. The rebuild oper-
ation printed line numbers for your reference. Notice that on line 16 the
loan actually got processed for you (GO). Now, you have to modify it to
suit your new information. So you enter,


change pmt 6 to 555
change pmt 2 to 550
.




Page 41

Notice the "." at the end. This means GO or "process". Then you can see
your results by entering:

tail


which prints the last 10 lines out to the screen (here you only have 9
lines in all anyway). Here's what you got:


PMT# ENDBAL PRIN-PMT INT-PMT CURR-PMT CURR-RATE

1 4,020.94 479.06 30.94 510.00 8.2500
2 3,498.58 522.36 27.64 550.00 8.2500
3 3,122.63 375.95 24.05 400.00 8.2500
4 2,669.10 453.53 21.47 475.00 8.2500
5 2,312.45 356.65 18.35 375.00 8.2500
6 1,773.35 539.10 15.90 555.00 8.2500
7 1,268.19 505.16 12.19 517.35 8.2500
8 759.56 508.63 8.72 517.35 8.2500
9 .00 759.56 5.22 764.78 8.2500


Next, you requested a summary:


summary


and here's what you got:


PMT# ENDBAL PRIN-PMT INT-PMT CURR-PMT CURR-RATE

1 4,020.94 479.06 30.94 510.00 8.2500
2 3,498.58 522.36 27.64 550.00 8.2500
3 3,122.63 375.95 24.05 400.00 8.2500
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 1,268.19 505.16 12.19 517.35 8.2500
8 759.56 508.63 8.72 517.35 8.2500
9 .00 759.56 5.22 764.78 8.2500


Again, you only have 9 lines in your loan scenario (because the term is 9
months), but the summary is very useful when you have many lines, say 240
or so.

Then finally, you save your work:

save
enter filename: jsmith
work saved under jsmith
print all



Page 42


8.10 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 3.
A lady wishes to purchase a car but she would like some guidance with her
financing options. She can purchase the car for the full price of $4900
and get a 4.9% interest rate over 48 months; or she can take $1,100 cash
back and get 10.5% financing for 48 months. Can you help her decide what
to do? Let's use G7 VARI-LOAN. From the utilities main menu choose G7
Vari-Loan and enter the "loan 1" environment from the "command" prompt as
follows:

command >loan 1
loan 1 >


Now you're ready to enter the information about the first loan as follows:


prin 4900
rate 4.9
term 48
-
payment = 112.63
pmt pmt
.


Remember, the "-" showed you the recommended payment, and you chose that
payment by entering "pmt pmt". Plus, you had to process the loan (build a
schedule) by typing the "." which is required to calculate the line items.
At this time you could actually see what you produced if you were to type
"head", "tail", or "summary". But let's move on to the second part of your
problem. From the "loan 1" environment prompt, enter "loan 2" to permit
entry of information about the second part (in the loan 2 environment):


loan 2 >


Then, you can use the "calc" function to do a quick calculation for us to
determine the principal after cash-back. 4900-1100 is easy, but there are
times when you have tougher arithmetic and "calc" will come in handy.


loan 2 > calc 4900-1100
answer = 3,800


Then you enter your loan information as follows:


prin 3800
rate 10.5
term 48
-
payment = 97.30
pmt pmt



Page 43

.


Again, use the recommended payment amount and process the loan into a
schedule (.), as usual. Now, you're just about done, except for the most
important part of any financial analysis: the explanation of your find-
ings. From any environment, "loan 1", "loan 2", or "command", you can enter
the "compare" command:

compare


If you forget to complete the processing of the loan in either environment
1 or 2, the compare output would tell you so and you could go back and do
so (GO). Let's assume, however, that you have fully-processed loans.
Here is the output from the comparison:


Comparison: LOAN 1 DIFF LOAN 2

Total number of payments made 48 48
Original number of payments 48 48
Annual interest rate 4.9000 -5.6000 10.5000
Total principal paid off 4,900.00 1100.00 3,800.00
Average payment per period 112.63 15.33 97.30
Last payment made 112.19 15.32 96.88
Total interest paid 505.80 -364.17 869.98
Total amount paid 5,405.80 735.82 4,669.98
Ratio of interest to principal 10.32% -12.57 22.89%
Ratio of interest to total amt 9.36% -9.27 18.63%


Let's discuss the above comparison chart. Both loans have the same term, 48
months. Loan 1 has a lower interest rate, but how does that affect your
client? The total principal borrowed in loan 1 is significantly higher, by
$1,100. In our opinion, this is a strong point, because you are using OPM
or Other Peoples' Money. Why should our lady use her own money for the
small increment of only $15.32 (loan 1) per month more in payment?

Next, consider the total interest paid back. This amount is an expense;
it's the cost of borrowing money, and expenses should be minimized. This
money is actually wasted, and the lady gets nothing for it except the priv-
ilege of borrowing. The total interest paid back between loans is signif-
icantly different. This difference is a major reason to go with loan 1 and
advise your client that loan 1 may be in her better interest. Also, the
total amount paid back is more in loan 1 because the lady borrowed more.

The ratios also immediately display the attractiveness of loan 1. These
interest ratios are half that of loan 2. The lady should take loan 1.
This comparison chart of the G7 VARI-LOAN utility has really helped her.


8.11 G7 VARI-LOAN Example 4.
A lady wants to get a mortgage loan on a new house. She went to two
professional mortgage companies and was offered graduated financing from
both firms. Can you compare these two loan scenarios using Pelton's


Page 44

Financial Utilities?

The first company offered a loan with a 15-year term (180 payments) with
the rate and payments varying over the first 6 years as follows:


Year # Interest Rate Payment pmt #'s

1 5.500 $939.65 1-12
2 7.250 1010.12 13-24
3 9.550 1085.88 25-36
4 12.750 1167.32 37-48
5 14.800 1254.87 49-60
6 15.750 1348.99 61-72
7 10.250 1441.89 72-end


The second company offered a loan with a 30-year term (360 payments) with
the rate and payments varying over the first 3 years as follows:


Year # Interest Rate Payment pmt #'s

1 8.875 $903.24 1-12
2 9.875 992.56 13-24
3 10.875 1082.60 25-end


The second loan is less complex than the first. Actually, it was fairly
easy to compare these two loan scenarios using G7 VARI-LOAN. The first
thing to do is to use a standard word processor to makeup a G7 procedure
file which you call KAREN.G7. It is important to use ASCII output from your
word processor (which is sometimes called an "editor" by computer program-
mers), so, if you use Word Perfect or Wordstar or a similar product, make
sure the output is in the ASCII format. Using an editor makes it easy to
write repeating lines and make quick changes, etc. When you finish the
"file" shown below, save it and exit the editor (PC-WRITE was used in this
example).

command >loan 1
loan 1 >prin 115000
loan 1 >rate 5.5
loan 1 >term 180
loan 1 >-
loan 1 >pmt pmt
loan 1 >.
loan 1 >change rate 13-24 to 7.25
loan 1 >change rate 25-36 to 9.55
loan 1 >change rate 37-48 to 12.75
loan 1 >change rate 49-60 to 14.80
loan 1 >change rate 61-72 to 15.75
loan 1 >change rate 73-180 to 10.25
loan 1 >change pmt 13-24 to 1010.12
loan 1 >change pmt 25-36 to 1085.88
loan 1 >change pmt 37-48 to 1167.32
loan 1 >change pmt 49-60 to 1254.87


Page 45

loan 1 >change pmt 61-72 to 1348.99
loan 1 >change pmt 73-end to 1441.89
loan 1 >.
loan 1 >loan 2
loan 2 >prin 115000
loan 2 >rate 8.875
loan 2 >term 360
loan 2 >pmt 903.24
loan 2 >go
loan 2 >change rate 13-24 to 9.875
loan 2 >change rate 25-end to 10.875
loan 2 >change pmt 13-24 to 992.56
loan 2 >change pmt 25-end to 1082.60
loan 2 >go


Next, run G7 VARI-LOAN from the utilities main menu. When you get the
command prompt, recall your file and rebuild it:


command >recall karen
Work saved as KAREN recalled
Wish to rebuild this loan? (Y/N): Y
Echo on? (Y/N) Y


Watch the loan get rebuilt by G7. Now, although you're basically finished,
before you do a comparison you want to check on the last payment of each
loan. Since you're at the "loan 2" prompt, type:


loan 2 >tail

and you get:


PMT# ENDBAL PRIN-PMT INT-PMT CURR-PMT CURR-RATE
---------------------------------------------------------------
352 8,272.68 998.58 84.02 1,082.60 10.8750
353 7,265.06 1,007.63 74.97 1,082.60 10.8750
354 6,248.29 1,016.76 65.84 1,082.60 10.8750
355 5,222.32 1,025.97 56.63 1,082.60 10.8750
356 4,187.05 1,035.27 47.33 1,082.60 10.8750
357 3,142.39 1,044.65 37.95 1,082.60 10.8750
358 2,088.27 1,054.12 28.48 1,082.60 10.8750
359 1,024.60 1,063.68 18.92 1,082.60 10.8750
360 .00 1,024.60 9.29 1,033.88 10.8750


You did really get 360 payments with the last payment close to the others.
So this loan looks very "normalized," i.e., you didn't expect to see the
term shortened to, say, 342 payments, via a mistake by the loan designers.

Then you want to check on the first loan scenario. Since you were in loan
environment 2 move "up" to 1, and display the last 10 line items, as:



Page 46


loan 2 >up
loan 1 >tail


PMT# ENDBAL PRIN-PMT INT-PMT CURR-PMT CURR-RATE
---------------------------------------------------------------
172 11,115.24 1,335.54 106.35 1,441.89 10.2500
173 9,768.30 1,346.95 94.94 1,441.89 10.2500
174 8,409.84 1,358.45 83.44 1,441.89 10.2500
175 7,039.79 1,370.06 71.83 1,441.89 10.2500
176 5,658.03 1,381.76 60.13 1,441.89 10.2500
177 4,264.47 1,393.56 48.33 1,441.89 10.2500
178 2,859.00 1,405.46 36.43 1,441.89 10.2500
179 1,441.53 1,417.47 24.42 1,441.89 10.2500
180 .00 1,441.53 12.31 1,453.85 10.2500


Again, the first loan looks good also (see line 180, above), so you can
compare them:


loan 1 >compare


And the results display immediately as:


Comparison LOAN 1 DIFF LOAN 2

Total number of payments made 180 -180 360
Original number of payments 180 -180 360
Annual interest rate 5.5000 -3.3750 8.8750
Total principal paid off 115,000.00 115,000.00
Average payment per period 1,319.48 245.99 1,073.48
Last payment made 1,453.85 419.97 1,033.88
Total interest paid 122,505.59 -148,948.89 271,454.48
Total amount paid 237,505.59 -148,948.89 386,454.48
Ratio of interest to principal 106.53% 236.05%
Ratio of interest to total amt 51.58% 70.24%


Let's discuss these results. First of all, loan 1 has half as many pay-
ments, but the cash flow is greater - the average monthly payment is $246
higher. Loan 1 is also more complex (to administrate); loan 2 is steadier
(only 3 interest rate changes). You could lower the term of loan 2 con-
siderably if you were to put a few dollars to a few hundred dollars extra
per month against the principal (see our booklet on home mortgages en-
titled, "Understanding Your Home Mortgage Loan and How to Pay if Off." This
extra principal payment would be at our own discretion, i.e., if you had
more money some months you'd pay more, and so on. Because loan 2 is less
complex than loan 1, and because you can control the term by making extra
payments, there may be no particular advantage to loan 1, except that the
interest amount paid in loan 1 is much less than in loan 2! The borrower
must decide between long-term goals and short-term cash flow.



Page 47

As a matter of fact, let's continue the discussion of loan 2 by adding some
extra principal payment per month as follows:


loan 1 >loan 2
loan 2 >add 94.00 to pmt all
loan 2 >go
loan 2 >tail


What you did here was to move to loan environment 2 (you could have also
said down to move "down" to loan environment 2) and then add an extra
$94.00 payment towards principal. Then you processed the loan (GO) and
displayed the last 10 line items (tail) which looks like:


PMT# ENDBAL PRIN-PMT INT-PMT CURR-PMT CURR-RATE
---------------------------------------------------------------
232 8,256.39 1,091.88 84.72 1,176.60 10.8750
233 7,154.62 1,101.78 74.82 1,176.60 10.8750
234 6,042.86 1,111.76 64.84 1,176.60 10.8750
235 4,921.02 1,121.84 54.76 1,176.60 10.8750
236 3,789.02 1,132.00 44.60 1,176.60 10.8750
237 2,646.75 1,142.26 34.34 1,176.60 10.8750
238 1,494.14 1,152.61 23.99 1,176.60 10.8750
239 331.08 1,163.06 13.54 1,176.60 10.8750
240 .00 331.08 3.00 334.08 10.8750


Notice that the last payment is number 240! That's 20 years. So for
another $94.00 per month you knocked 10 years off the life of the loan.
Then, just to be complete, you ran another comparison (see below) which
shows you the 240 periods of loan 2. You also see a $157 average differ-
ence in monthly payment amount. The interested reader may wish to try to
modify loan 2 further to reduce the number of payments (line items) to 180,
and the run another loan comparison.


Comparison LOAN 1 DIFF LOAN 2

Total number of payments made 180 -60 240
Original number of payments 180 -180 360
Annual interest rate 5.5000 -3.3750 8.8750
Total principal paid off 115,000.00 115,000.00
Average payment per period 1,317.37 157.75 1,159.62
Last payment made 1,161.56 827.48 334.08
Total interest paid 122,125.75 -41,182.93 163,308.68
Total amount paid 237,125.75 -41,182.93 278,308.68
Ratio of interest to principal 106.20% 142.01%
Ratio of interest to total amt 51.50% 58.68%


8.12 Example 5: Finding the Future Value of a Present Amount.
What will $1,000 be worth in 24 months at an interest rate of 9.1509%?
Do the following: Choose G7 from the main utilities menu and you will
get the "command" prompt: command>. Then, type:


Page 48



pv 1000
i 9.1509
n 24
get fv


The future value will readily appear as $1,200.


8.13 More examples available upon request.
Call or write the Pelton Computer Consultants for the availability of more
G7 VARI-LOAN examples.


Chapter 9 - FINANCE

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

9.1 What is the FINANCE program, and what does it do?
9.2 Features.
9.3 The Main Menu.
9.4 The Growth Main Menu.
9.5 The Money Growth (with Deposits & Interest) Menu.
9.6 The Money Growth (Interest only) Menu.
9.7 The Money Disbursement Menu.


9.1 What is the FINANCE program, and what does it do?
This utility is broken into two major sections: money growth, and money
disbursement. Money growth, in itself, consists of two parts: growth of a
sum by interest alone, and growth of a sum by interest and deposits. Money
disbursement is the depletion by withdrawal of an interest-bearing sum over
time. FINANCE will figure out any quantity - principal, rate, term, deposit
or withdrawal, starting sum or ending balance, as long as five of these six
quantities are known. As you can see, FINANCE is a very powerful program
and can greatly assist you in financial planning.


9.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Different compounding frequencies
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy-to-understand queries (questions) - you don't need financial
training to use this program
o Escape or quit at any time
o Client's name and address block is saved for convenience
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation


Page 49

o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


9.3 The Main Menu.

FINANCE UTILITY MAIN MENU


1. MONEY GROWTH
2. MONEY DISBURSEMENT
3. EXIT PROGRAM


Above is an example of the Main Menu. The utility is divided into two per-
spectives: Money Growth and Money Disbursement.


9.4 The Growth Main Menu.


GROWTH MAIN MENU


1. MONEY GROWTH - DEPOSITS + INTEREST
2. MONEY GROWTH - INTEREST ONLY
3. RETURN TO MENU


Above is shown the Growth Main Menu. From this menu you may choose to
analyze and find unknown quantities when your growth scenario is by interest
only, as in a savings account with a one-time initial deposit, or by inter-
est plus a constantly recurring deposit (into a savings account).


9.5 The Money Growth (with Deposits & Interest) Menu.


MONEY GROWTH MENU - DEPOSITS & INTEREST

Growth is by INTEREST gained on the account balance AND by
additional PRINCIPAL payments (Deposits) to the account in
the following:
1 - Find END BALANCE given BEGIN AMOUNT, RATE, TERM, DEPOSIT
2 - Find BEGIN AMOUNT given RATE, TERM, DEPOSIT, END BALANCE
3 - Find RATE given TERM, DEPOSIT, END BALANCE, BEGIN AMOUNT
4 - Find TERM given DEPOSIT, END BALANCE, BEGIN AMOUNT, RATE
5 - Find DEPOSIT given END BALANCE, BEGIN AMOUNT, RATE, TERM


Payments against debt-account A made into interest-bearing account B:
A - Find solution to A-B Account (payments from A into B).
E - Exit and go back to Main Menu.

Enter 1-5, A, or E >


Page 50



Above is shown the Money Growth Menu - Deposits & Interest. Use this menu
to solve money-growth problems that involve growth by interest earned on
account balance while making recurring deposits. Notice that any quantity
may be solved for as long as the other four are known. Also, this menu
presents a rather esoteric solution finder: an "A-B Account" as coined by
Pelton. An A-B Account is a savings scenario in which the "A-side" rep-
resents borrowed money being paid back to the "B-side" account which, of
course, is interest-bearing. For example, suppose Mr. A borrows $10,000
from Mr. B at 12% per annum for 5 years. Mr. A's prescribed payment per
month to Mr. B. is $222.44. Instead of paying $222.44 directly to Mr. B.,
Mr. A deposits the payment into a savings account which bears 6% per year.
The ending balance is $15,596.05 instead of the traditional $13,347.00, a
difference of more that $2,249. The traditional interest-to-principal ratio
is 33.5% while that of the A-B Account method is 56.0%


9.6 The Money Growth (Interest Only) Menu.


MONEY GROWTH MENU - INTEREST ONLY


A sum of money is initially deposited in an interest-
bearing account and grows over time by INTEREST ONLY,
as in a savings bank account.

1 - Find END BALANCE given BEGIN AMOUNT, RATE, TERM
2 - Find BEGIN AMOUNT given RATE, TERM, END BALANCE
3 - Find RATE given TERM, END BALANCE, BEGIN AMOUNT
4 - Find TERM given END BALANCE, BEGIN AMOUNT, RATE
E - Exit and go back to Main Menu.



Enter 1-4, or E >


Above is shown the Money Growth (Interest Only) Menu. Use this menu to
solve money-growth problems that involve growth by interest only as if one
made a one-time-only deposit into a savings account. Notice that any quan-
tity may be solved for as long as the other four are known.


9.7 The Money Disbursement Menu.


MONEY DISBURSEMENT MENU


A fund has an initial amount of money in it, and thus gains
interest. Disbursements, or out-payments, are amounts taken
from the fund while it still gains interest. The fund may
be totally depleted (to zero amount) or not:
1 - Find BEGIN AMOUNT given END BALANCE, RATE, TERM, WITHDRAWAL


Page 51

2 - Find END BALANCE given RATE, TERM, WITHDRAWAL, BEGIN AMOUNT
3 - Find RATE given TERM, WITHDRAWAL, BEGIN AMOUNT, END BALANCE
4 - Find TERM given WITHDRAWAL, BEGIN AMOUNT, END BALANCE, RATE
5 - Find WITHDRAWAL given BEGIN AMOUNT, END BALANCE, RATE, TERM
E - Exit and go back to Main Menu


Enter 1-5, or E >


Above is shown the Money Disbursement Menu. Use this section of the FINANCE
utility when you have a sum of money that you want distributed periodically.
Notice that if you know four of five quantities you may solve for the un-
known.


Chapter 10 - MGM

TABLE OF CONTENTS BY SECTION NUMBER

10.1 What is the MGM program, and what does it do?
10.2 Features.
10.3 The bottom-line menu.
10.4 The Matrix screen.
10.5 Recurring and non-recurring deposits.
10.6 An Example.
10.7 The Matrix command.
10.8 The Calculate command.
10.9 The Report command.
10.10 The Recall command.
10.11 The Save command.
10.12 The Print command.
10.13 The Exit command.
10.14 Entering the number of months.
10.15 Entering the ending date.
10.16 More examples available upon request.


10.1 What is the MGM program, and what does it do?
Money-growth calculations are easy, but MGM gives you a quick mechanism to
enter some simple data and produce an answer. MGM presents you with a grid
on which you enter a starting amount, a rate, a date, and a recurring or
nonrecurring deposit amount. You can enter more than one line of this type
of information. Then you simply press a button to get the ending balance to
your money-growth problem.


10.2 Features. The program offers you the following features:
o Full glorious, attractive color screens, or black & white (mono)
o Fancy reports to screen or printer
o Pause or quit during report output
o Easy to change data and rerun the program
o Escape or quit at any time
o This program aids you in solving serious financial-calculation
problems
o Fast loading


Page 52

o Can save and recall sessions to/from disk files
o The program is well thought out; people who use it like it
o Fast execution
o Continuous dedicated support by the author
o Excellent documentation
o This program will increase your productivity and give you a true
sense of accomplishment
o Information is where you need it.


10.3 The Bottom-line menu.

> CALCULATE MATRIX REPORT SAVE RECALL EXIT CLEAR


10.4 The Matrix screen.


DEPOSIT DEPOSIT 1=RECUR ENDING |----DURATION---|
DATE AMOUNT RATE 0=ONCE DATE YRS MOS WKS DAYS
+---------+---------+---------+---+----------+----+----+----+----+
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
+---------+---------+---------+---+----------+----+----+----+----+

> CALCULATE MATRIX REPORT SAVE RECALL EXIT CLEAR


10.5 Recurring and non-recurring deposits.
The Matrix screen has a column named "1=RECUR/0=ONCE". This column may
contain a "0" (or a blank) or a "1" only. If the deposit amount is a one-
time deposit enter a blank or a "0" in the column. If the deposit takes
place more than once, say on a monthly basis, then it's called a recurring
deposit, so put a "1" in the column. See the example in section 10.6.


10.6 An Example.


DEPOSIT DEPOSIT 1=RECUR ENDING |----DURATION---|
DATE AMOUNT RATE 0=ONCE DATE YRS MOS WKS DAYS
+---------+---------+---------+---+----------+----+----+----+----+
| 8/15/84 | 10.00| 5.2500 |---|----------|----|----|----|----|
| 9/15/84 | 135.75|---------| 1 |----------|----| 10 |----|----|
| 7/01/85 |---------| 5.5000 |---|----------|----|----|----|----|
| 7/15/85 | 140.00|---------| 1 | 10/01/88 |----| 39 |----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
|---------|---------|---------|---|----------|----|----|----|----|
+---------+---------+---------+---+----------+----+----+----+----+
BALANCE = $7,621.62

> CALCULATE MATRIX REPORT SAVE RECALL EXIT CLEAR


Page 53



In this example the investor opened a savings account with $10 on 8/15/84.
The annual interest rate was 5.25%. Notice that this is a one-time deposit.
Next, he deposited $135.75 every 15th of the month starting in month 9, and
that went on for 10 months. This is a RECURring deposit. On 7/1/85 the
interest rate changed from 5.25% to 5.5%. Starting on 7/15/85 through
9/15/88 he deposited $140.00 the 15th of each month (RECUR=1). The ENDING
DATE of 10/01/88 overrides the 39-month DURATION here, so we could have
entered 50 instead of 39 (the program knows when to terminate the savings
scenario). During the data entry we were in "MATRIX" mode, so when we
finished data entry we pressed which brought us back to the menu
line. Then, to get the BALANCE we simply pressed C or highlighted CALCULATE
and pressed . Magically, the BALANCE appeared as shown above.


10.7 The Matrix command.
Pressing M or when the MATRIX command is highlighted brings you into
the MATRIX build environment.


10.8 The Calculate command.
Pressing C or when the CALCULATE command is highlighted starts the
matrix calculation which results in the final balance displayed in the lower
right-hand corner. This balance is your goal.


10.9 The Report command.
Pressing P or when the REPORT command is highlighted prints a
report, complete with all calculations and final balance.


10.10 The Recall command.
Pressing R or when the RECALL command is highlighted loads an MGM
file into the matrix. Don't enter a file extension (see section 10.11).


10.11 The Save command.
Pressing S or when the SAVE command is highlighted stores the MGM
matrix to a disk file. You will be prompted for a file name. You do not
have to nor should you use a file extension (e.g., .TXT, or .DOC) because
MGM appends its own extension to the filename's end.


10.12 The CLEAR command.
Pressing L or when the CLEAR command is highlighted empties out the
matrix and zeroes out the data. Use this command when you want to start
over.


10.13 The Exit command.
Pressing E or when the EXIT command is highlighted exits you into
the confirmation request, "Are you sure? (Y/N)". Pressing Y will exit you
from the MGM utility.




Page 54

10.14 Entering the number of months.
Refer to section 10.6. For a recurring-deposit situation (see section 10.5)
you must have placed a "1" in the RECUR column, therefore, you must have a
DURATION entry. In 10.6 we have 10 MOS for one line item, and 39 MOS for
another line item. These DURATIONs are the number of months you explicitly
want that line item to recur. See section 10.15.


10.15 Entering the ending date.
Refer to section 10.6. In most cases the ENDING DATE is automatically
calculated, i.e., if you leave it out. But, if you enter an ENDING DATE it
will override the DURATION entry.


10.16 More examples available upon request.
Call or write the Pelton Computer Consultants for the availability of more
MGM examples.

End




 December 13, 2017  Add comments

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