P. O. Box 2454
White City, OR 97503
Programming by Richard W. Watson
Documentation by Richard W. Watson and Tom Knackstedt
Copyright and distribution by
P. O. Box 2454
White City, OR 97503
(503) 830-0501 (voice)
Program and Documentation Copyright 1991 Ultimate Software. All rights
Ultimate Geography is a trademark of Ultimate Software.
PC, PC XT, PC AT, PS/2 are trademarks of IBM Corporation.
We at Ultimate Software couldn't possibly produce products like this one
without help. We would like to thank the following people:
A special thanks to Mike for making this all possible.
To Pat who has listened even when she had no idea what I was talking
about, or why.
To Tom for his excellent beta testing and advice.
To Thomas for taking over my other responsibilities.
To Mike Smedley and SoftC, Ltd. who developed The C Extended Library and
The SoftC Database Library that made coding so much easier.
The following tools were used in creating this software:
Compilers: Borland C++ 2.00, and Borland Assembler 2.0.
Libraries: The C Extended Library from Mike Smedley and
TesSeRact, SoftC Database Library from SoftC, Ltd.
Debuggers: Borland Turbo Debugger 2.0, and Borland C++
Interactive Development Environment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Registration Information 1, 9
License Agreement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Technical Support 4
Program Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Execution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
QUIZZING. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
STATE INFO 7
GRAPH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Registration Benefits & additional information 9
Introduction Page 1
Welcome, and thank you for trying Ultimate Geography.
Ultimate Geography was designed to help you learn about the United States,
while also including a wide variety of general information.
You'll find Ultimate Geography is full of interesting statistics about all
50 states, while still holding on to an excellent quizzing system.
Capitals as well as State names can be quizzed, and all of the states have
information about their population, size, trivia, industries, crime,
marriage, births, divorce, and death.
Ultimate Geography is being distributed through Shareware, which allows
you to test out a program before purchasing it. Further explanation of
Shareware and Registration can be found on this page.
In the following pages you will learn how to install and use Ultimate
Geography to its full benefit.
Ultimate Geography is a copyrighted program protected by all applicable
U.S. and International copyright laws. If you have obtained this copy
from a shareware disk vendor, an on-line computer service or bulletin
board, a friend or colleague, or any similar source, you have the trial
(unregistered) copy. You are allowed to use this copy without charge for
a limited time as specified under the license agreement. After this time,
you must register in order to continue using Ultimate Geography legally.
This method of distribution is known as Shareware, a distribution concept
begun by Jim Button. It allows you, as a user, to evaluate the software
in your own home to make sure it meets your needs before you pay for it.
The registration fee for Ultimate Geography is only $15. Payment of this
fee entitles you to:
A disk with the latest version of Ultimate Geography, registered
directly to you.
An upgrade to the next major release of Ultimate Geography.
Technical Support via telephone or selected Electronic Bulletin
Notification of other programs within the Ultimate Software Library.
Registration Information (continued) Page 2
Or, you can take the teacher/student option for $30. Payment of this fee
entitles you to:
A disk with the latest version of Ultimate Geography, registered
directly to you, with all of the features listed above.
Tracking features that will keep track of every test taken, students
name, their score, the date and time.
Report features that include the ability to display or print reports
for individuals, a certain date, a particular score, a wide variety
of selections exists.
Ultimate Geography's License Agreement
(1) Copyright: This program and documentation are Copyright Ultimate
Software 1991, and are protected by U.S. and International copyright laws.
You are granted a license to use your copy of Ultimate Geography under the
terms and conditions specified in this license agreement.
(2) Definitions: Ultimate Geography is being distributed in three
forms: 1. The "registered" copy being distributed on diskette from
Ultimate Software, with a unique serial number and the words "Registered
Version" appearing on the diskette label. 2. The "registered" copy being
distributed for teachers or students from Ultimate Software, with a unique
serial number and the words "Registered Version - T/S" appearing on the
diskette label. 3. A "shareware" copy being distributed via electronic
bulletin boards, on-line services, shareware disk vendors, or another
individual. This copy will include the shareware notice when you exit the
(3) Shareware Copies: Shareware copies are distributed to allow you to
try the program before you pay for it. These copies are still Copyright
Ultimate Software 1991. These copies are not to be confused with "public
domain" or "free" software. You are allowed to use the shareware copies
for a trial period of 30 days. Once the trial period is over, you are
required to register with Ultimate Software for $15 or $30.
(4) Registered Copies: Registered copies are only distributed to those
persons who have purchased them through Ultimate Software or an authorized
reseller. Your registered copies may only be used in accordance with the
License agreement and any additional specifications defined within
enclosed documents. (In other words, for site licenses.)
(5) Use on Networks or Multiple Systems: A site license agreement will
accompany your copy of Ultimate Geography if you have purchased one. The
number of "users" permitted will be defined within this document. If you
did not purchase a site license agreement, then you are limited to one
License Agreement (continued) Page 3
(6) User: A computer on which Ultimate Geography is installed,
regardless of whether the user is aware of this installation.
(7) Copying Ultimate Geography:
You may make as many copies of Ultimate Geography as you require
for your own backup purposes. No copies of the REGISTERED
version shall be distributed by you or anyone acting in your
behalf (employees, etc.) to anyone who has not purchased
Ultimate Geography. You may create and distribute an unlimited
number of copies of the UNREGISTERED version(s) to anyone you
wish as long as the maximum billed amount does not exceed $6.00
(US) for this program, documentation, and any other
"accompanying" parts related directly to this program.
You may make as many copies of the UNREGISTERED version(s) to
give / distribute to anyone you wish as long as the maximum
billed amount does not exceed $6.00 (US) for this program,
documentation, or any other "accompanying" parts related
directly to this program.
(8) Distribution: You MAY NOT attempt to distribute this program with
the intent of mass production for the public without prior written
permission by Ultimate Software. You MAY create individual copies for
friends or associates for their individual use. If you are a bulletin
board system or shareware disk vendor: you may not distribute this
diskette without prior written permission of Ultimate Software unless you
are part of the Association of Shareware Professionals and are approved by
the ASP for distribution.
(9) Limited Warranty: Ultimate Software warrants to the owners of
registered copies of Ultimate Geography that the software will operate as
described in the documentation, and that the diskette and manual will be
free of defects which interfere with normal use. This warranty is valid
for 90 days from the date of purchase from Ultimate Software. During this
warranty period, Ultimate Software will, at its option, repair or replace
any defective item(s) or refund the purchase price of any defective
item(s), if such defect is found to be the fault of Ultimate Software and
not the result of misuse or abuse beyond "standard" use. In no event will
Ultimate Software be held accountable for any financial amount exceeding
the purchase price of this package.
(10) Guarantees: If you are not satisfied with the registered copy of
Ultimate Geography, you may return the entire package at any time up to 90
days after the date of purchase to Ultimate Software for a full refund.
This applies even if you have found no software defects.
Technical Support Page 4
Technical support is available to registered users. If you are evaluating
a shareware version of Ultimate Geography, we will be available to answer
questions about installation, however, we cannot provide continuing
support until you register. We have found that most of the questions
asked can be answered in the documentation, so please be sure to review
all of the documentation before calling.
The best way currently to contact us for support is by phone. We are
considering setting up support areas on other Bulletin Board Systems;
however, this support is not currently in effect. You can find our
telephone number at the beginning of this documentation.
Ultimate Geography was written to help young geography students learn the
states and capitals; however, in testing this we found that it wasn't just
the young students who needed to learn the states. As the program
developed, we chose to include statistical information about each of the
states as well as graphs of those statistics. Additional features will be
added as they are requested or as we develop them. The following features
are currently available in the shareware version:
Quizzing of both States and Capitals:
The early version included these functions. All states and their
capitals can be quizzed using the Quizzing selection in the main menu
appearing at the top of the screen. The top 10 scores will be
maintained in the file SCORES.DAT. Delete this file to clear the top
Graphs and statistics:
There are statistics that can be viewed for individual states in the
Trivia / Industries (Includes where to find travel info).
Births / Deaths.
Marriage / Divorce.
There are also graphing functions that can be used to show the
differences between all of the states.
Almost any Microsoft or Logitech compatible mouse will work with the
Installation Page 5
Ultimate Geography was written for the IBM PC, PC/XT, PC/AT, PS/2, and
compatibles. It requires EGA or VGA compatible graphics, MS/PC-DOS 2.0 or
above, and at least 512K on your machine, free ram should be slightly
The files listed below should be included with your shareware version, or
copy you receive:
GEOGRAPH.EXE This is the shareware version of Ultimate Geography.
GRAPH.CNF This file contains configuration information and a
copy of the registration sheet. You may view/print
this sheet from within the program.
MAP.DAT This file holds the information for building the map.
RANGE.DAT This file holds range information for graphing.
STATE.DAT This file has statistical information on each of the
STATET.DAT This file holds text data for each of the 50 states,
such as the state's motto, bird, travel information,
EGAVGA.BGI This file is a device driver for the EGA/VGA graphics
interface used to create this program.
LITT.CHR This file is a character description file used by some
of the graphics characters in this program.
SCORES.DAT This file is optional, in otherwords, it may or may
not exist. It contains the top 10 scores under both
states and capitals.
This program was designed around a main bar menu located at the very top
of the screen. This menu area is not the only area used for menuing;
however, the arrow keys will move you around the menu and allow you to do
anything that you could do with a mouse. A mouse, if you have one, will
allow you to simply point and click on what you want. If you have a mouse
and didn't load it, the computer will remind you that it doesn't find a
Execution (continued) Page 6
The main menu consists of the following areas.
File -> This is where you can exit the program or view the
Quizzing -> This area allows you to select if you would like to be
quizzed on states or capitals.
State Info -> This area will allow you both to select a state and to
display information on the state.
Graph -> This area allows you to select an area to graph. This
selection also contains a 'Re-draw Map' function in
the event that anything happens to the map.
In order to discuss each section, I will follow each of them to the end
and then come back to the others. Therefore, here is a cross-reference
table to the beginning of other menu selections:
QUIZZING Page 6.
STATE INFO Page 7.
GRAPH Page 8.
Highlighting "File" and pressing Enter or simply clicking on the word
"File" with your mouse will pop-'down' a menu with the following
Selecting "About" will show you what version of the program you have. In
the event that you are having any kind of problem, please make sure you
know what version you are using when you call technical support.
Selecting "Registration" will pop-up a yes or no box in the middle of the
screen. It will ask you if you would like a copy of the registration form
printed. If you select "Yes", please make sure you have enough paper in
your printer and your printer is on-line. If you select "No" another box
will pop-up asking if you would like to view the registration form on
screen. If you select "Yes", you will be dropped into text mode and shown
the entire registration form, afterwards, the computer will restore the
map and return you to the main menu.
FILE selection (continued) Page 7
Selecting "MAIN MENU" has the same effect as the right mouse button or
pressing the ESC key on your keyboard. "MAIN MENU" will appear on all of
the menus and operate as described here.
Selecting "Quit" will bring up a box to make sure you want to quit, at
which time you can select "Yes", "No", or "Cancel". No and Cancel have
the same effect, leaving you in the program. If you press the ESC button
from the main menu, it will be the same as selecting "Quit" in that it
will bring up the "Yes"/"No" box.
When you select "Quizzing" from the main menu, you will see the following
selections appear directly below it.
When you select either "STATES" or "CAPITALS" a box will appear and ask
you if you would like to see how long the answer is? When you have
selected "Yes" or "No" ("Cancel" will return you to the main menu) a box
will appear asking you to enter the "STATE" or "CAPITAL". If you have
selected "Yes" to the question earlier, you will have a box that is only
as long as the answer. When the cursor disappears, you have entered
something as long as the box. When you complete the test or if you press
ESC a box will appear showing you the high scores. If you have finished
the test and your score is better than one of the ones currently in the
high score list, a box will pop up and ask you for your name. You will be
added to the list of high scores.
The top 10 high scores are held on disk in a file called SCORES.DAT, if
you wish to clear the top 10, simply delete this file. The program will
create another one the next time you load the program, and all of the
scores will be cleared.
If you select "State Info" from the main menu, you will see the following:
If you have a mouse you can select a state simply by pointing at it and
clicking the left mouse button. Or, if you want to select a state from
the text mode, you can highlight SELECT STATE. This will take you back to
text mode and let you select a state.
STATE INFO selection (continued) Page 8
Once you have selected a state, you can select DISPLAY INFO to get more
information on that state. When you do, the map will disappear and a
block out of the map, with your state selected will appear just below the
menu. The menu will be in the upper left hand corner. In this miniature
map, the capital will be highlighted in yellow, and the name of the state
will appear just above the map. The following selections are available
from the point:
TRIVIA / INDUSTRIES
BIRTHS / DEATHS
MARRIAGE / DIVORCE
Each one of these (except TRIVIA / INDUSTRIES) will display both a graph
of relevant information and the actual data that was used to create the
graph. For example if you select POPULATION DISTRIBUTION, two graphs will
appear to the right of the menu/mini-map. The first one will display the
break down between the races, (White, Black, Indian, Asian, Other) and the
other will show the percentage of those with a Hispanic origin. All of
the data will appear below the mini-map.
When you select TRIVIA/INDUSTRIES, there will be no map, but instead text
of the following information: State Name Origin, Motto, Bird, Flower,
Song, Date admitted into the Union, Nickname, Tree, Climate, Industries,
Manufactured Goods, & Tourist Information.
Upon selecting GRAPH, you will see a menu with the following selections:
If you choose Select area, you will be returned to text mode to select an
area to graph, this area is quite long and includes most of the
information found under state info. When you select an area to be
graphed, the program will redraw the map and fill in each of the states
according to the legend in the bottom left of the screen. When it has
finished highlighting all of the states, a box will pop up in the lower
right with the words "Clear Map", you cannot go on until you select OK,
and then the map will be cleared and you will return to the main menu.
Selecting RE-DRAW MAP will simply make the computer redraw the map. It
was placed as a precautionary step in the event that the map was somehow
REGISTER Page 9
When you select register from the MAIN MENU, a box will come up displaying
a message that you can either print the registration form or display it on
screen. Then it will ask if you would like the form printed. If you
answer Yes, please make sure your printer is set up and has paper in it.
The registration form is only one page and there shouldn't be any problems
with printing. If you answer No, the registration form will be displayed
on screen in three separate screens; just press a key to see the next one.
If you are copying down the form, please make sure that you copy
everything down exactly as you see it. Then fill out the questions. If
you don't feel like answering the questions about your system, that is
fine. However, please feel free to make any comments or suggestions
anywhere on the sheet. Also make sure to copy down the special
registration number. The registration number tells us where your copy of
Ultimate Geography came from. It also tells us if it has had any problems
with your particular system.
You can register in two different ways, the first is for $15 and includes
the following features:
1. Unlimited technical support from us on any aspect of this program.
2. A free upgrade to the next version that comes out. We have decided
already that there will be a few changes with the next version
including updating the Initial 1990 Census information. If you have
any suggestions or comments on what you would like to see in the next
version, please feel free to send us a letter, or call and talk to
one of the support personnel.
3. Information about all of the programs available from Ultimate
Or, for $30 you can receive Ultimate Geography Plus which includes:
1. All of the features of the regular version, plus...
2. Tracking features that record each test that is taken, time and date
the test was taken, and who took the test.
3. Reporting features...to give you reports on the information from the
tracking functions. This combination is excellent for teachers and
even for people who just want to know how they have improved over
4. Colors...any of the colors can be changed with this version, and the
data is written to a .DAT file that you can delete if you don't like
what you have changed things to.
End of Ultimate Geography Documentation