Category : Science and Education
Archive   : STORM5.ZIP
Filename : STORM.HLP

 
Output of file : STORM.HLP contained in archive : STORM5.ZIP
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º STORM º
º Version 5.0 º
º (c) 1987,88 by UTopia Software º
º Programmed by: Thomas Pesek º
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This program is provided as Shareware. It may be copied and
distributed, but only in it's complete, original, and unaltered form.
Every effort has been made to assure that this product is free of
defects, however it is provided as is and no warranty, either
expressed or implied is given. If you use this product, I ask that
you send me a $25 contribution for registration (Texas residents add
$1.75 State Sales Tax). You will receive the latest version of STORM
with the STORM GENIE hurricane track matching feature and over 80
Storm tracks. Send your registration fee to:

UTopia Software
14023 Utopia Dr.
Sugar Land, Texas 77478

Registering your program will entitle you to notification of
updates and enhancements and product support. It has taken hundreds
of hours of research, design, and programming to produce STORM. I hope
that you enjoy it and that you will drop me a letter of encouragement
(hopefully with a check enclosed). At any rate, I hope that you enjoy
this program as much as I do.

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º PROGRAM DESCRIPTION º
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The purpose of this program is to track hurricanes. Storm tracks
can be stored in disk files for future use. You can enter storm data
and print reports on the storm's location by date and time. In
addition, you can generate tracking maps showing the storm's position
and track. STORM generates plots using an Epson or IBM printer or
an HP Plotter. You can track to one of 17 target cities or enter the
coordinates of your own city.


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º MAIN MENU º
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The MAIN MENU presents six (6) options:

0) CONFIGURE - Configure the program to your computer hardware

1) NEW STORM -Enter data for a storm not yet on the disk.

2) UPDATE/PRINT - Edit, Update, List, and Print Storm Data

3) PLOT - Plot a Storm on a map on the screen, a Dot Matrix
Printer, or an HP Plotter.

4) TRACK-TO CITY- Change track-to city or enter your city's data.

5) DOS - Return to DOS.


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º CONFIGURE YOUR SYSTEM º
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This option allows you to custom tailor STORM to your computer.
You can choose your Adapter, Monitor, and Plotter types, Plotter port,
and Default map. You can also set your storm files path and plot file
name. Once set, these options are saved and used each time you start
STORM. If you have trouble seeing STORM before changing these options,
start STORM using: STORM /M to set STORM to the monochrome
mode.

MONITOR TYPE

This option allows you to select whether you have a color or
Monochrome monitor. Some monochrome monitors will display "OK" in the
color setting, others won't. If you have difficulty reading the
screens, set the monitor type to Monochrome.

ADAPTER TYPE

Select the type of graphics adapter in your system:

VGA- For VGA Graphics Card and VGA or Multisync Monitor
Displays Color Images and 16 Color Storm Map (640 x 480)
EGA- for EGA Graphics Card (with 128 K memory) and EGA Monitor
Displays Color Images and 16 Color Storm Map (640 x 350)
CGA- for EGA or CGA Graphics Card and Color Monitor - Displays
Color Images and 4 Color Storm Map (320 x 200)

NOTE: Storm requires a graphics adapter to run. Hercules Graphics
adapters can be used if a CGA emulator program is run first.

DEFAULT MAP

This option selects which map view appears when you use Option 3
to plot the hurricane on the map. Select GULF for the Gulf coast map,
EAST for the map of the East Coast of the US, or FULL for a map of
the entire STORM tracking area.

PLOTTER TYPE

Select the type of Plotter in your system. If your plotter is not
listed try using the listed plotters and compare your results until
you find the best match. The Epson HI80 plotter is supported only with
a HP emulation board installed. If you Plot to File, set the plotter
type for the type of output you desire. STORM uses several high-level
HP-GL commands. Many HP-GL translation programs do not translate these
commands. If you have trouble translating a STORM file, I suggest you
try the screen capture utilities provided with many of these products.
If you don't have a plotter, set plotter type to NONE.

PLOTTER PORT

Select the port to which your plotter is connected. Valid entries
are: NONE, COM1, COM2, LPT1, LPT2, LPT3, & FILE. COM Ports should be
configured: 9600 Baud, No Parity, 8 bits and 1 Stop Bit. File plots
are written to the Path/Filename entered in the Path/Filename field.
If you don't have a plotter, set the plotter port to NONE.

STORM FILES PATH

This field allows you to set the location of Storm's data files.
Enter the full path including drive and directory. For example:

C:\STORM\
or
B:\

If you leave the field blank, Storm will look for its files in the
current default directory.

STORM PLOT FILE PATH/NAME

This field allows you to enter the path & name of the Plot file
used if the FILE option is selected in the port settings list. You
don't need to fill-in this field unless you plan to use the Plot to
File option.


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º ENTER A NEW HURRICANE º
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This option allows you to enter the INITIAL data on a
storm which is not currently on the disk. You will be prompted to
enter: 1) DATE, 2) TIME, 3) LATITUDE, 4) LONGITUDE, 5) WIND SPEED

NOTE:
Latitude should be greater than 0 Degrees North and less than 45
Degrees North and Longitude should be greater than 40 Degrees West and
less than 110 Degrees West or the location will not be within the
range of the tracking map. Information will, however, be listed for
these points on the printed summary in option 2.

WARNING:

This option must NOT be used for storms that are currently stored on
the disk. You will be warned before a storm is overwritten.

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º UPDATE, EDIT, LIST, or PRINT A STORM º
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This option allows you to Update a storm, entering ADDITIONAL
data points, or to Edit previously entered data. You can list the data
on the screen and print it to a printer, if desired.

When you enter data, remember that storm coordinates should be
>0 N and <45 N Latitude and >40 W and <110 W Longitude (See Above).
Dates are in the format (mm/dd/yy) and times are in the format (hh:mm)

When editing use to go to previous record,
to go to the next record, to go to the first record, to
go to the last record, to insert a record before the displayed
record, to delete record, to edit, or when done.

If the storm is within 100 miles of the current 'TRACK TO CITY,'
a warning will be issued.

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º STORM GENIE º
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This feature allows you to select storms which match selection
criteria from the storms on the disk. You can select storms by year of
occurrence, location, season, and track-to city location. Matching
storms are displayed and you can continue or change the settings, if
desired.

The Year of Occurrence option finds storms which occurred between
the starting and ending year.

The Location option finds storms which passed within the tracking
radius of the specified location. This location defaults to the
current location of the current storm.

The Season option selects storms that occurred between a starting
and ending date. The default dates are set according to the season in
which the current storm occurred, as set by the National Weather
Service. These are: Early - May 1 thru July 15; Mid - July 16 thru
Sept. 20; and Late - Sept. 20 thru Nov. 30. Any set of dates may be
entered, however. The season indication will not change and should be
ignored in this case.

The Track-to option selects storms that passed within the
tracking radius of the track-to location. This location defaults to
the location of the current track-to city.

You may select one or more than one of these options at a time to
limit the number of storms selected. If you are unhappy with the
storms found, select the re-try option, change your selections and try
again. When you are pleased with your selections, continue on to the
plotting map.

NOTE: Actual Data Points are matched, not storm tracks. In high
Latitudes where storms move at high speed you may need to adjust the
tracking radius to 3-4 degrees to find all the matching storms.


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º PLOT A STORM ON THE MAP º
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This option allows you to track the storm on a screen map and
print it on an Epson style printer or plot it with an HP plotter, if
desired. The map can be zoomed and panned to get the desired view
using the key.

You can choose up to 4 storms to plot by tagging them on the
list. This allows you to compare the current storm track with
previous storm tracks. You can advance these storms using "AUTO
ADVANCE" or "MANUAL" advance. If you choose MANUAL ADVANCE you will be
prompted to "PRESS ANY KEY" to advance the storm to the next position.
If you choose "AUTO ADVANCE" you can set the time delay for plot
advances. This delay is multiplied by the time between data points to
move the storm at a speed relative to its actual movement. 0 time
delay defeats this feature and plots the storms as fast as possible.
The map can be plotted with or without 5 deg Latitude/Longitude lines.

When the storm is not moving on the map, you may press the SCREEN> key and print the map out on your IBM or Epson dot matrix
printer, provided that you have run the "GRAPHICS.COM" program found
on your DOS disk before running STORM. A "shades of gray" hard copy
of the map is generated.

STORM supports Hewlett Packard 7470A, 7475A, and 7550A Plotters
and the EPSON HI80 plotter with the HPGL emulator card installed. It
will annotate every point on your storm track if is chosen on the
annotate feature or it will annotate the first point of each day if
is chosen on the annotate feature.

PAN / ZOOM FEATURE

To activate the PAN/ZOOM Feature press . Press to
zoom-in. Press to Zoom-out. Press arrow keys to pan up/dn or
left/right. Press to display the entire storm tracking map.
Press to display default map. Press when you are
finished and your map will be redrawn using your new image window.

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º CHANGE TRACK-TO CITY º
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This option will allow you to change the Track-To City. Use the
hilite bar to select the city and press to select the city.
If your city is not listed you can choose the "your city" option.
This option allows you to enter the name, latitude and longitude of
your city. The program will then track to your city. Values for the
latitude and the longitude of your city can be obtained from various
maps and reference books. In addition, a list of latitudes and
longitudes for several cities is included on this disk in a file
called "LATLONG.ADD". If is entered, no track-to city is used.

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º EXIT TO DOS º
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This option will terminate the program and return you to DOS.

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º APPENDIX º
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(The following text is from a free brochure by KPRC TV, Houston
and Eckerd Drugs, Published 1987)

TERMS TO KNOW

By international agreement, tropical cyclone is the general term
for all cyclonic circulations originating over tropical waters,
classified by form and intensity as follows:

TROPICAL DISTURBANCE:

Rotary circulation slight or absent at the surface, but
sometimes better developed aloft, no closed isobars (lines of equal
atmospheric pressure) and no strong winds, a common phenomenon in the
tropics.


TROPICAL DEPRESSION:

One or more closed isobars and some rotary circulation at
surface,highest wind speed 39 miles per hour (34 knots).


TROPICAL STORM:

Closed isobars, distinct rotary circulation, highest wind speed
of 74 miles per hour (34-63 knots).


HURRICANE:

Closed isobars, strong and very pronounced rotary circulation,
wind speed of 74 miles per hour (64 knots) or more.



SMALL-CRAFT ADVISORY:

When a hurricane moves within a few hundred miles of the coast,
advisories warn small-craft operators to take precautions and not to
venture into the open ocean.

GALE WARNING:

When winds of 38-55 miles per hour (33-48 knots) are expected, a
gale warning is added to the advisory message.

STORM WARNING:

When winds of 55-74 miles per hour (48-64 knots) are expected, a
storm warning is added to the advisory message. Gale and storm
warnings indicate the coastal area to be affected by the warning, the
time during which the warning will apply, and the expected intensity
of the disturbance. When gale and storm warnings are part of a
tropical cyclone advisory, they may change to a hurricane warning if
the storm continues along the coast.

HURRICANE WATCH

If the hurricane continues its advance and threatens coastal and
inland regions, a hurricane watch is added to the advisory, covering a
specific area and duration. A hurricane watch means that hurricane
conditions are a real possibility; it does not mean they are
imminent. When a hurricane watch is issued, everyone in the area
covered by the watch should listen for further advisories and be
prepared to act quickly if hurricane warnings are issued.

HURRICANE WARNING:

When hurricane conditions are expected within 24 hours, a
hurricane warning is added to the advisory. Hurricane warnings
identify coastal areas in which winds of at least 74 miles per hour
are expected to occur. A warning may also describe coastal areas in
which dangerously high water or exceptionally high waves are forecast,
even though winds may be less than hurricane force.

When a HURRICANE WARNING is issued, all precautions should be
taken immediately. Hurricane warnings are seldom issued more than 24
hours in advance. If the hurricane's path is unusual or erratic, the
warnings may be issued only a few hours before the beginning of
hurricane conditions. Precautionary actions should begin as soon as a
hurricane warning is announced.

HURRICANE SAFETY RULES

Hurricane advisories will help save your life...but you must help.

1) ENTER EACH HURRICANE SEASON PREPARED. Every June through November,
recheck your supply of boards, tools, batteries, nonperishable
foods, and the other equipment you will need if a hurricane
strikes your town.

2) WHEN YOU HEAR THE FIRST TROPICAL CYCLONE ADVISORY, listen for
future messages. This will prepare you for a hurricane emergency
well in advance of the issuance of watches and warnings.

3) WHEN YOUR AREA IS COVERED BY A HURRICANE WATCH, continue normal
activities, staying tuned to radio or television for all National
Weather Service advisories. Remember, a hurricane watch means
possible danger within 24 hours; if the danger materializes, a
hurricane warning will be issued. MEANWHILE, KEEP ALERT. IGNORE
RUMORS.

4) WHEN YOUR AREA RECEIVES A HURRICANE WARNING, PLAN YOUR TIME before
the storm arrives and avoid the last-minute hurry which leaves you
marooned or unprepared.

KEEP CALM until the emergency has ended.

LEAVE LOW-LYING AREAS that may be swept by high tides or storm
waves.

LEAVE MOBILE HOMES for more substantial shelter. They are
particularly vulnerable to damage during strong winds. Damage
can be minimized by securing mobile homes with heavy cables
anchored in concrete footing.

MOOR YOUR BOAT SECURELY before the storm arrives, or evacuate it
to a designated safe area. When your boat is moored, leave it,
and don't return once the wind and waves are up.

BOARD UP WINDOWS or protect them with storm shutters. Danger to
small windows is mainly from wind-driven debris. Larger windows
may be broken by wind pressure.

SECURE OUTDOOR OBJECTS that might be blown away or uprooted.
Garbage cans, garden tools, toys, signs, porch furniture, and a
number of other harmless items become missiles of destruction
in hurricane winds. Anchor them or store them inside before the
storm strikes.

STORE DRINKING WATER IN CLEAN BATHTUBS, JUGS, BOTTLES, AND COOKING
UTENSILS; YOUR TOWN'S WATER SUPPLY MAY BE CONTAMINATED BY FLOODING
OR DAMAGED BY HURRICANE FLOODS.


CHECK YOUR BATTERY-POWERED EQUIPMENT. Your radio may be your only
link with the world outside the hurricane, and emergency cooking
facilities, lights, and flashlights will be essential if
utilities are interrupted.


KEEP YOUR CAR FUELED. Service stations may be inoperable for
several days after the storm strikes, due to flooding or
interrupted electrical power.


STAY AT HOME, if your home is sturdy and on high ground; if it is
not, move to a designated shelter and stay there until the storm
is over.


REMAIN INDOORS DURING THE HURRICANE. Travel is extremely dangerous
when winds and tides are whipping through your area.


MONITOR THE STORM'S POSITION through National Weather Service
advisories. BEWARE OF THE EYE OF THE HURRICANE. If the calm storm
center passes directly overhead, there will be a lull in the wind
lasting from a few minutes to half an hour or more. Stay in a
safe place UNLESS emergency repairs are absolutely necessary. But
remember, at the OTHER SIDE OF THE EYE, the winds rise very
rapidly to hurricane force, and come from the opposite direction.

5) WHEN THE HURRICANE HAS PASSED.

SEEK NECESSARY MEDICAL CARE AT RED CROSS disaster stations or
hospitals.

STAY OUT OF DISASTER AREAS. Unless you are qualified to help, your
presence might hamper first-aid and rescue work.

DRIVE CAREFULLY along debris-filled streets. Roads may be
undermined and may collapse under the weight of a car. Slides
along cliffs are also a hazard.

AVOID LOOSE OR DANGLING WIRES, and report them immediately to your
power company or the nearest law enforcement officer.

REPORT BROKEN SEWER OR WATER MAINS to the water department.

PREVENT FIRES. Lower water pressure may make fire fighting
difficult.

CHECK REFRIGERATED FOOD for spoilage if power has been off during
the storm.

REMEMBER THAT HURRICANES MOVING INLAND CAN CAUSE SEVERE FLOODING.
STAY AWAY FROM RIVER BANKS AND STREAMS.





  3 Responses to “Category : Science and Education
Archive   : STORM5.ZIP
Filename : STORM.HLP

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/