Category : Science and Education
Archive   : FHH.ZIP
Filename : FHH.DAT

Output of file : FHH.DAT contained in archive : FHH.ZIP
- HOW TO RESEARCH YOUR FAMILY HISTORYY1 This program will help you to do research into  your family history. r fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff6 Use the left and right arrow keys to move the cursor 0 to one of the highlighted topics and press the 2 key to read more about that topic. If you 3 press the key, you will return to the page 4 you were previously reading. Pressing the key% will take you back to the main menu.nnnnnnnxxxxxxdexxxxxxxxxxxsssssssssssssssssss7 This program has information about how to âåçéî your5 family history, about óïõòãåó of information, and 4 about research íåôèïäó . There is also an éîäåø®C. USING A COMPUTER TO RECORD YOUR FAMILY4 You can use pen and paper, of course, and you will3 need to do so. But as you have a computer (or you0 wouldn't be reading this) you will be able to 2 organize your information much better if you use your computer.5 There are many ðòïçòáíó for recording your genea-0 logy. Some are cheap, some are expensive. Somemmm1 are good, some are bad. One of the best ones islllllll7 FREE! There are íáçáúéîåóe about using computers for5 genealogy, and there are computer âõììåôéî boards where you can find help.  - General éîäåøC))))Ss))))))))))))% FINDING YOUR PARENTSS3 For most people this is easy. If your parents are4 still alive, and you can speak to them or write to5 them, ask them when and where they were âïòîx and 0 married, and the names of your çòáîäðáòåîôó®6 You might have problems if your parents are äåáä, 1 or if you have lost contact with one or both of3 them, for example if they were äéöïòãåä or sep-arated# arated, or if you were áäïðôåä. - Òåóåáòãè techniques
- Óïõòãåó  - ÇåîåòáìC index& COMPUTER BULLETIN BOARDS4 If you have a íïäåí with your computer, you can 1 call bulletin board systems by phone. These let/ you use electronic mail to make contact with 0 other people. Some bulletin boards have genea-/ logical conferences with messages from people. all over the world. You can often get genea-4 logical and other ðòïçòáíó from bulletin boards. 7 You can thus use bulletin boards to make contact with5 other people researching the same family, or to get2 help with research problems. There is a list of phone îõíâåòó to call here. - ÉîäåøCyyyyyyyyyyyyogyyyyyyyyyyyy) FINDING YOUR GRANDPARENTS 6 You may want to trace all lines of your ancestry, or3 just one particular branch of the family. If yourn6 grandparents are alive, ask them about THEIR parents2 and anything they can tell you about their otherS3 relatives. If your grandparents have died, try to7 find out when and where. Áóë other people, and look8 for documents, such as âéòôè and death certificates.5 If they came from another ãïõîôòù¬S you might need% to look in records of that country.for  - Íáòòéáçå certificates - Ïôèåò sources - Òåóåáòãè techniques - ÇåîåòáìC index' IF YOUR PARENTS ARE DEAD3 If your parents are dead, you should try to speak2 to other members of the family - uncles, aunts, 3 cousins. Ask them for as much information as they2 can give you about their families - and WRITE IT DOWN. 6 If you know when and where your parents were âïòî¬x4 you can apply for their birth certificates. If youy: know where they died, you can check the äåáôè# records........ - Áóëéîç other people - Âéòôè certificates - Åóôáôå files) IF YOUR PARENTS ARE DIVORCED0 If your parents are divorced or separated, you0 might have problems in finding one or both of  them. 6 There are organizations that can help you find them,3 and you can look in public lists, such as voter's3 rolls. If they were divorced a long time ago, you2 might find their divorce papers in the archives. - Æéîäéîç missing people - Öïôåòó§
rolls - Áòãèéöåó
(South Africa) - Áóëéîç other people$ IF YOU WERE ADOPTED2 If you (or any of your ancestors) were adopted, / you may find it very difficult to trace your / biological ancestry. If the adoption was done1 through a social welfare agency, your adoptive 3 parents may not know the names of your biological2 parents. You will need to try to find out where 1 and when the adoption took place, and the name  of the adoption agency. - Íïòå! on adoption - Ôòáãéîç missing people - Âïïëó" on adoption - General éîäåøC" SALVATION ARMYY0 The Salvation Army will help you to find other. members of your family, such as a parent or 2 child, if the person is still alive and you have lost touch. 2 There are branches of the Salvation Army in most/ cities, and you can look them up in the tele-4 phone directory. They can help for most countries. - Æéîäéîç missing people - Óåáòãèéîç for your parents
- Óïõòãåó  - General éîäåøC( VOTERS' ROLL (SOUTH AFRICA)3 In South Africa, the voter's roll may help you to. find people who are still alive or who have 3 recently died. If the person you were looking for2 was registered as a voter, you can see copies of/ the voter's roll at one of the Family History7 Centres of the ÌÄÓ Church, or at the Human Sciences0 Research Council in Pretoria. It will give you7 the address, ïããõðáôéïî¬R date of birth and identity! number of the person concerned. - ÉîäåøCsssssssssssssssssssresssssss* - ÈÓÒà Human Sciences Research Council - Ôòáãéîç missing persons' LIST OF RESEARCH SOURCES - Âéòôè certificates - Íáòòéáçå certificates - Äåáôè# records1 - Ãèõòãè$ records (and other religious bodies)0 - ÉÇÉ - the International Genealogical Index - Îå÷óðáðåòóD - ÂéïçòáðèéãáìE dictionariess - Ãåîóõó? records - Âïïëó/ - Ïòáì history - ÇåîåòáìC index - Íáçáúéîåód3 - ÏôèåòS countries Government áòãèéöåó”, LDS CHURCH FAMILY HISTORY CENTRES1 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints1 (Mormons) encourages its members to trace their1 family history, and for this purpose run family2 history centres in many parts of the world. Non-4 members of the LDS church are welcome to use them. 4 They have microfilm, microfiche and CD-ROM copies 1 of records of other churches in many countries,0 and these can be ordered. Their International + Genealogical Index ¨ÉÇÉ© is very useful - General óïõòãåó xxxxxxxxxxxxxxdexxxxxxx - Ãèõòãè$ records( - Íïòå% on the Family History Centres- ARCHIVES DEPOTS (SOUTHERN AFRICA)- In Southern Africa there are state archives0 depots which have records that may help you to# trace the history of your family.3 The most useful records are the deceased åóôáôå3 files. There are several ïôèåò records as well. There are archives depots in - Ðòåôïòéá - Ðéåôåòíáòéôúâõòç - Âìïåíæïîôåéî - Ãáðå Town - ×éîäèïåë
- Èáòáòå" WHERE TO BEGIN Begin with yourself!0 Write down where and when you were born, the 1 full names of your parents, and where and whenen6 they were âïòî®x Use your ãïíðõôåò to record the information you get. 8 Once you've written down the basic information on the4 birth and marriage of yourself and your ðáòåîôó3 (and your spouse and children, and brothers and 9 sisters, if any) you need to find your çòáîäðáòåîôó." - More on research íåôèïäó  - General éîäåøC" ESTATE FILES0 In Southern Africa, one of the easiest ways of0 getting information about people who have died/ is to look in the deceased estate files. The 0 older ones are kept in the archives depots for. each province or country. Most of the South 0 African ones before 1965 have been indexed by , computer, which makes them easier to find.4 - Ìéóô
of archives depots (for old estate files)7 - Íáóôåò^ of the Supreme Court (recent estate files) - Æéîäéîç your grandparents - Ìéóô of research sources - ÇåîåòáìC index& TRANSVAAL ARCHIVES DEPOTT6 The Transvaal Archives Depot is in Hamilton Street,3 Arcadia, Pretoria, just south of the Soutpans- 0 berg Road. It contains most of the Transvaal 3 Records, including deceased estate files up till1 1965. Many divorce records have been indexed. dddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd0 Address: Private Bag X236, Pretoria, 0001 RSA... ! - Íïòå' on using the archives2 - Éîäåøåó& - how to use the computerized index - Ìéóô
of archives depots - Åóôáôå files - Òåóåáòãè techniques% NATAL ARCHIVES DEPOT5 The Natal Archives Depot is in Pietermaritz Street,3 Pietermaritzburg. It has deceased estate files up to about 1960. 5 It has many records of Natal, and also some of the  early Voortrekker Republics.5 Postal address: Private Bag X9012, Pietermaritzburg% 3200 South Africa  - Íïòå' on using the archives" - Õóéîç& the computerized index - Ìéóô
of archives depots - Åóôáôå files( ORANGE FREE STATE ARCHIVES3 The Orange Free State archives depot is in Bloem-, fontein. It contains records of the Oranje. Vrijstaat, the Orange River Colony, and the  province of the OFS. since Address: Private Bag X20504, 5 Address: Private Bag X20504, Bloemfontein, 9300 RSA - Íïòå% on using the archives( - Éîäåø& using the computerized index - Ìéóô
of archives depots - ÇåîåòáìC index$ CAPE ARCHIVES DEPOT4 This contains the oldest written archives in South3 Africa. It has estate files from the 18th century5 until the 1930s, and many other records that could 4 help you. Estate files cannot be photocopied here.1 Address: Private Bag X9025, Cape Town, 8000 RSA - Íïòå' on using the archives. - Éîäåøåó& - using the computerized indexes- - Ìéóô
of archives depots in South Africa - Åóôáôå files - ÇåîåòáìC index - ÓïõôèH African records% NAMIBIAN ARCHIVES 4 The Namibian archives in Windhoek contain a great 1 deal of information from 1885 onwards, and some1 from before that. Estate files and other useful2 genealogical sources are there. The archives are/ also publishing a series of source materials. Address: Private Bag 13250, Windhoek, Namibia/ Address: Private Bag 13250, Windhoek, Namibia - Íïòå' on using archives - Áòãèéöåó& indexes0 - Ìéóô
of archives depots in Southern Africa - Åóôáôå files - ÇåîåòáìC index$ ZIMBABWE ARCHIVES1 For people who lived in Zimbabwe, you may find $ records in the archives. Write to:5 Chief Archivist, Private Bag 7729, Harare, Zimbabwe2 Copies of some Zimbabwean estate files are also 7 available on microfilm at the ÈÓÒà in South Africa. - ÏôèåòS countries - ÇåîåòáìC index' OTHER ARCHIVAL RECORDSSSSS8 In South African archives the most valuable source is 1 the deceased estate papers, but there are also 3 divorce papers, letters on various subjects, and 1 accessions which include personal papers. There4 are personnel files for some early police forces, 9 claims for compensation during the Anglo-Boer War, and 7 also accessions (material deposited by other people).sssssslessssssssss - Áòãèéöåó& indexes - ÇåîåòáìC index - Åóôáôå files - ÇåîåòáìC index0 COMPUTER BULLETIN BOARD NUMBERS 9 My other half Sydney, Australia 2-740-6246 7 Opus Genea Eindhoven, Netherlands 40-4817926 Whakapapa New Zealand 9-832-4457908 Unisa Pretoria, South Africa 012-429-288275 Roots (UK) Guildford, England 0483-5796312748 NGS/CIG Arlington, VA, USA (703) 528-26125 These are only a few numbers; there are more in each6 country. Call a BBS to find out more. Numbers tend too# change, so this list may be dated. rs  - Âõììåôéî boards - general" - Õóéîç computers for genealogy - ÇåîåòáìC index# BIRTH CERTIFICATESS4 Most countries register the births of people born 2 in them, and if you know where your ancestor was7 born you may be able to apply for a birth certificate4 which will show his or her date of birth, names of parents, etc.5 If you don't know who your ancestor's parents were,5 therefore, it can be useful to look for their birth certificate.ssssstesssssssssssssssssssssssssssstessssssssssss - How to find âéòôèx recordssssssss - ÉîäåøCesssssssss$ ASKING OTHER PEOPLEE3 If possible, interview relatives with a tape rec-1 order. Make sure you get the bare bones - dates5 and places of birth, marriage and death, but try to8 fill this out with personal anecdotes, life histories,3 information about jobs, where and how the family lived,2 lived and so on. Make notes on EVERYTHING if youu5 don't tape it. "Trivial" info can give vital clues.% Family legends can also give clues.+ - Âïïëó6 on interviewing techniques etc. - Òåóåáòãè techniques) - ×èáô7 to ask about when interviewing - ÉîäåøC' TRACING MISSING PERSONS5 If you have difficulty in finding living relatives,3 try looking in äéòåãôïòéåó¬9 especially if your 5 surname is uncommon. Öïôåòó§
rolls can be useful.2 If it is a close relative (parent or child) the 0 Óáìöáôéïî Army can help. Employers and some 0 government agencies may be willing to forward 3 letters, even if they won't give you the address. 9 yyyyyrmyyyyyyyyyyyyy& - Âïïëó8 on tracing missing persons - ÏôèåòS countries))))))))))))))))))))ca))))))))))) - ÇåîåòáìC index2 HUMAN SCIENCES RESEARCH COUNCIL (SOUTH AFRICA)7 The HSRC has a library in Pretorius Street, Pretoria,4 with microfilms of many genealogical records, inc-2 luding voter's rolls. It also has a genealogical5 section which collects genealogies. You can look at5 material others have sent in, and send in copies of your own research results.. Address: Private Bag X41, Pretoria, 0001 RSA - Ãèõòãè$ records - Öïôåòó§
roll$ - Âïïëó/ on genealogical research - Áòãèéöåó& indexes - Òåóåáòãè sources$ DEATH CERTIFICATESS 5 In some countries, death certificates are of little4 genealogical value, because they do not give names1 of relatives. They usually do give the cause of4 death, and where the person was living. In England7 it is better to look for wills. In South Africa it is9 better to look for death NOTICES in deceased åóôáôåó.0 Scotland, Australia and New Zealand have more 2 informative death certificates, so if the person6 you are looking for died there, it is worth looking.! - Óãïôôéóè@ death certificates# - ÁõóôòáìéáîA death certificares$ - Îå÷B Zealand death certificates - ÇåîåòáìC index. THE INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX2 The IGI is available on microfiche at LDS Church3 Family History Centres. It is an index to records3 of births, baptisms and marriages from registers 2 of various denominations and other sources. Good6 coverage of England, and some from most countries of5 the world. Especially useful if your ancestors came from other countries. - ÌÄÓ Family History Centres - Ãèõòãè$ records - Òåóåáòãè sources - ÇåîåòáìC index - ÏôèåòS countries+ COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR GENEALOGY3 Free or shareware programs can be downloaded from1 Âõììåôéî boards. Good ones are Family History3 System, Brother's Keeper, Family Edge. Commercial/ programs include Roots III, Family Roots and 3 Personal Ancestral File. You can get more inform-4 ation here about those listed below. AVOID FT-Etc,' Family Ties and Genealogy On Display.  - Æáíéìù: History System - Æáíéìù; Edge - Âòïôèåò§ó< Keeper - Òïïôó= III - Ðåòóïîáì> Ancestral File' MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES0 Scottish, Australian and New Zealand marriage 3 certificates can be very helpful, with info about1 parents of the parties. English and Welsh ones 6 give fathers' names. South African ones usually only5 give the couple themselves. Usually obtainable from( the same place as birth certificates.  - Óãïôôéóè+ certificates" - Åîçìéóè( & Welsh certificates - Îåôèåòìáîäó) certificates) - Óïõôè, African marriage certificates - Òåóåáòãè sources - Òåóåáòãè techniques% RESEARCH TECHNIQUES5 You should try to work back from yourself. Tracing 3 ancestors is easier than tracing descendants. Try3 to find dates of birth of ancestors, and then try8 to get their âéòôè certificates, which show parents.8 In some countries (e.g. England) ãåîóõóc records 18414 to 1881 can help establish birth place. When state6 records run out before 1800-1900 (depending on coun-4 try) ãèõòãè$ records can help. In some countries 8 äåáôè# records provide useful information. Check the - ãïõîôòùS or countries the person lived in.ó
- Óïõòãåó  - ÇåîåòáìC index, FINDING PARENTS OF ADOPTED PEOPLE5 Later versions of this program will have more info.( Press PgUp to return to where you werexxxxxxdexxxxxxxxxxxó  - Âïïëó" on adoption
- Óïõòãåó  - ÇåîåòáìC index$ BOOKS ON ADOPTION7 Toynbee, Polly. 1987. "Lost children", London: Hodder ....................5 Sachdev, Paul. 1989. "Unlocking the adoption files" Lexington, MA: Heath.eeeeeeeeeeeeeeexxxxxxdexxxxxxxxxxxó ' - Âïïëó8 on tracing living relatives - Âïïëó/ - general - ÇåîåòáìC index" DEATH RECORDS3 Death records include death ãåòôéæéãáôåó, deathh; notices, ÷éììó¬i ïâéôõáòéåó¬’ îå÷óðáðåòD announcements6 etc. Check in the dictionary of national âéïçòáðèùE3 of the ãïõîôòùS where the person died - in your 5 local ìéâòáòù®T If you know the date, again, check3 in libraries for old newspapers and íáçáúéîåó®d 5 Ãèõòãè$ records often have registers of deaths or 9 âõòéáìó‘ of members of the church, and in South Africa2 the deceased åóôáôå files are a useful source.ssssssssrdsssssssssssssssssssss - Ìéóô of sources - ÇåîåòáìC index$ CHURCH RECORDS4 Most countries only began keeping vital statistics5 (birth, marriage, death) sometime in the 19th cent-1 ury. Before then, church records can help. Mosttt4 churches register baptisms (which often took place7 soon after birth), marriages and âõòéáìó®‘ ÂáðôéóíV4 registers usually show the parents of the person, 6 but íáòòéáçå and burial registers don't. Registersss5 are kept in churches, others in central archives of4 church or state. Many church registers, especially8 in Åîçìáîä¬F have been indexed in the ÉÇɬ and many3 are available in microfilm from from ÌÄÓ familyy5 history centres. In South Africa some are available in the ÈÓÒà library. . MORE ON THE LDS FAMILY HISTORY CENTRES7 If your ancestors lived in a different ãïõîôòùS from3 the one you are living in, the LDS family history2 centres can help you by ordering íéãòïæéìíj or 7 íéãòïæéãèål copies of the records. The LDS church is6 microfilming genealogical records from all over the 5 world, and the films are kept in granite vaults in 6 Salt Lake City in the USA. You can use the ÉÇÉ to 4 find which films to order. In addition to ãèõòãè$4 records (not only of the LDS church, but of other 6 denominations) there are ãåîóõóc records, books and other óïõòãåó  - ÇåîåòáìC index* ARCHIVES INDEXES (SOUTH AFRICA)2 The South African archives have a computer index4 which is being added to all the time. Most estate 3 papers are indexed and many other records too. It2 is possible to find references for documents in 4 other áòãèéöå
depots as well. You can search by 7 surname, or combinations of first names and surnames.5 Terminals are available in the archives depots and 1 the ÈÓÒî Some indexes have been printed, but3 on-line searches are better, because you can findd7 women by their maiden name, or husbands under wives  or wives under husbands  - Íïòå' on using archives. - ÇåîåòáìC index0 MORE ON USING THE ARCHIVES (SOUTHERN AFRICA)))))))))5 If you find the correct reference in the index, you 3 can order a photocopy of a document, even if the 2 document itself is kept in an archives depot in 6 another province. Some of the fragile older records . may not be photocopied, however, though the 5 archives staff will tell you about these. When you 1 make notes, always note the archival reference 7 numbers and letters, so you know where you found the  information. - ÇåîåòáìC index - Áòãèéöåó” - general) BIRTH CERTIFICATES - ENGLAND4 Secular registration of births in England began in3 1837. Birth certificares give details of father, 2 mother, occupation, date and place of birth. You/ may apply by post to St Catherine's House, 103 Kingsway, Aldwych, London WC2B 6JP; give as much 8 information as you can. Fees are high (over 10 pounds))3 and the date you give should be within two years 2 either way. You can ask record searchers to look& for you - see Family Tree ÍáçáúéîåG$ - if the search was õîóõããåóóæõìo - ÅîçìéóèF recordseeeee - ÇåîåòáìC index - Âéòôè records - general+ BIRTH CERTIFICATES - NETHERLANDS3 There is no central registration of births. Civil ss0 registration of births started in 1811, but is 6 done by local towns. You therefore need to know where3 the person was born. If the person was born after 7 1938 and has since died, his or her identity card will6 probably be at the Centraal Âõòåáõp voor Genealogie.2 If the person was born before 1892 copies of the 4 birth registration should be available in the Prov-" incial Archives for consultation.xxxxxxdexxxxxxxxxxx# - Îåôèåòìáîäóa records - general - ÃïõîôòéåóS - ÇåîåòáìC index) BIRTH CERTIFICATES - IRELAND6 Registration of births, marriages and deaths started 3 in Ireland in 1864, and the certificates have much3 the same information as English ones. Records for 0 all Ireland up to 1921 and for the Republic of 4 Ireland since 1922 are in the care of the Registrar6 General, Custom House, Dublin, Eire. Northern Ireland2 records since 1922 are at the Registrar General, ) Fermanagh House, Ormeau Avenue, Belfast. " - Âéòôè certificates - general - ÃïõîôòéåóS - ÇåîåòáìC index5 BIRTH AND MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES - SCOTLAND 3 Scottish birth registration began in 1855, and is2 generally fuller than that in many other places.8 Marriage certificates give the names of the parents of5 the parties. The 1855 certificates are particularly7 good. You may apply to New Register House, Edinburgh,1 EH1 3YT, Scotland UK. The register office staff2 will search for particular records in the birth,5 marriage and death registers, and also the ãåîóõóc records, for a fee. ss - Óãïôôéóè[ records - general - Ìéóôó of sources - ÃïõîôòéåóSsssssss - ÇåîåòáìC index* BIRTH CERTIFICATES - SOUTH AFRICA2 In South Africa, âéòôè certificates are issued/ FREE! The snag is that you have to give a lot4 of information when you apply, and preferably the 3 exact date of birth and parents' names, but these 1 are probably what you are hoping to find in theee3 first place! Apply, giving as much information as possible, to:lllllllllllllllllllllralllllllllll/ Secretary for Home Affairs, Private Bag X114, Pretoria, 0001 South Africa. - ÓïõôèH African records - ÇåîåòáìC index- BIRTH CERTIFICATES - OTHER COUNTRIES6 More information will be provided in future versions of this program.) Press PgUp to return to where you were. - Âéòôè certificates - ÃïõîôòéåóS - ÇåîåòáìC index+ HELP ON USING FAMILY HISTORY HELP2 There are "buttons" in the text, which are high-ighted4 lighted. If you move the cursor to one of them and5 press the Enter key, you will find more information4 on that topic. You can use the arrow keys to move 3 the cursor - try all the arrows to see which work6 best on your machine. The LEFT and RIGHT arrows workkkk best on most computers. Press Esc to exit.3 Press PgUp to go back to the previous screen you  were reading. - Éîôòïäõãôéïî  - ÇåîåòáìC index. BOOKS THAT WILL HELP IN YOUR RESEARCH7 There are books that can help you with your research,4 depending in the country your ancestors came from. Check your public ìéâòáòù®T
- Åîçìáîä0 - Óãïôìáîä1 - Óïõôè2 Africa - Áõóôòáìéá3 and New Zealand - ÕÓÁ4 - Îåôèåòìáîäó5& - Âïïëó6 on interviewing techniques - Ôòáãéîç8 living relatives - Âïïëó" on adoption - ÇåîåòáìC index' BOOKS ON ENGLISH RESEARCH5 Cole, J. & Armstrong, M. 1988. "Tracing your family$ tree." Wellingborough: Equation.5 Field, D.M. 1982. "Tracing your ancestors" Feltham: Hamlyn.............................................0 Rogers, Colin D. 1983. "Family tree detective", Manchester: Manchester University Press.2 Colwell, Stella. 1980. "The family history book" Oxford: Phaidon.6 Cox, J. & Padfield, T. 1981. "Tracing your ancestors. in the Public Record Office" London: HMSO. - ÐõâìéãT libraries - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index) BOOKS ON SCOTTISH RESEARCH0 Hamilton-Edwards, Gerald. 1973. "In search of mmmmmm. Scottish ancestry" Chichester: Phillimore. - ÐõâìéãT libraries - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index+ BOOKS ON SOUTH AFRICAN RESEARCH5 Lombard, R.T.J. 1976. "Introduction to genealogical! research." Pretoria: ÈÓÒî  - ÓïõôèH African records - ÐõâìéãT libraries - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index2 BOOKS ON RESEARCH IN AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND/ Lea-Scarlett, Errol. 1980. "Roots & branches"mmmmmmm Sydney: William Collins. - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index. BOOKS ON RESEARCH IN THE USA AND CANADA2 Doane, G.H. 1957. Searching for your ancestors. mmmm/ Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index3 BOOKS ON NETHERLANDS & OTHER EUROPEAN RESEARCH2 Baxter, Angus. 1986. "In search of your European. roots" Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing./ van der Tang, Aad. 1981. "Stamboom onderzoek" Utrecht: Spectrum.$ - Îåôèåòìáîäóa research - general - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index0 BOOKS ON INTERVIEWING LIVING RELATIVES ETC.0 Zimmerman, W. 1979. "How to tape instant oral , biographies." New York: Guarionex Press.3 Doane, G.H. 1957. "Searching for your ancestors"./ Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.......7 If your library uses the Dewey decimal classification system, look at 920.002 - ÐõâìéãT libraries - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index* WHAT TO ASK WHEN INTERVIEWING6 Full name, where and when born, who person was named3 after, did they know that person, what were they 3 like, if immigrants, from what country, did they 5 change name when they came to this country, why did3 they come. Names of parents, grandparents, where 7 they lived, their jobs, stories they told, where they3 are buried, brothers, sisters, cousins. Ask about1 the person's life, school, favourite subjects,  teachers, sports, jobs, etc. - ×èåòå to begin& - Âïïëó6 on interviewing techniques - ÇåîåòáìC index, BOOKS ON TRACING LIVING RELATIVES7 Williamson, Jan & Moser, Audrey. 1987. "Unaccompanied3 children in emergencies" Geneva: International Social Social Service. - Æéîäéîç missing people - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index3 DIRECTORIES - CITY, TELEPHONE, ELECTRONIC ETC.5 Published directories are useful in locating family3 members. Street directories published in the 19th6 century often give ïããõðáôéïîóR as well. Note names7 of neighbours too - they often had business relation-5 ships with your family. Addresses can be useful for5 looking up in ãåîóõó? records. If you have a rare 5 surname, looking up people in phone or åìåãôòïîéãl3 directories can lead you to other members of your* family, who may have family information. - ÐõâìéãT librarieseeeeee - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index& FAMILY HISTORY SYSTEM( Order from author: Phillip E. Brown,1 834 Bahama Drive, Tallahassee FL 32301, USA2 There is a free version available from bulletin boards4 boards in most countries. The commercial version 7 costs $35.00 US. Stores 9999 records of individuals,# Strong points - relative reports3 - selection program for lists and # export of data  - Çåîåáìïçù programs - Âõììåôéî boards - ÇåîåòáìC index# THE FAMILY EDGE3 Edgesoft, P.O. Box 3157, Knoxville, TN 37927, USA Author: Carl York$ Cost: Commercial version - $ 99.00' Shareware - $ 10.00 US8 Commercial version stores 1 million records, shareware stores 5006 Strong points - instant alphabetical indexing makes thi5 this an easy-to-use research tool - Çåîåáìïçù programs - ÇåîåòáìC index# BROTHER'S KEEPER. John Steed, 6907 Childsdale Road, Rockford,  MI 49341, USA1 Stores 15000 records. Good general program for * beginners. Quite easy to set up and use.* Shareware - registration cost $ 40.00 US0 Copy to try out available from bulletin boards - Âõììåôéî boards - Çåîåáìïçù programs - ÇåîåòáìC index ROOTS III+ Commsoft Inc., 2257 Old Middlefield Way, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA3 The Rolls Royce of genealogy programs. Does just 4 about everything, including writing a book on your$ family from information you enter. Cost: $ 250.00 US* This is the one the others have to beat! - Çåîåáìïçù programs - ÇåîåòáìC index* PERSONAL ANCESTRAL FILE (PAF)5 Salt Lake Distribution Centre, 1999 West 1700 South! Salt Lake City, UT 84104, USA Cost $ 35.00 US. 8 Stores up to 65000 individuals (Mac & MS-DOS versions)7 Designed for members of the ÌÄÓ church, but may be 5 bought and used by others as well. Could be ordered* through local LDS Family History Centre. - Ãïíðõôåò programs - ÇåîåòáìC index( CENSUS - ENGLAND AND WALES3 The census records of England and Wales are very 4 useful if your ancestors lived in those countries.4 You may consult census records over 100 years old 4 on microfilm at ÌÄÓ Family History Centres. The 5 censuses of 1841, 1851, 1861 1871 & 1881 are avail-7 able. If a âéòôè( certificate gives an address, the 6 census may give more info on parents, siblings, etc.  - ÅîçìéóèF records
- Óïõòãåó  - Òåóåáòãè techniques - ×èåòå to begin - ÇåîåòáìC index+ DEATH CERTIFICATES - SCOTLANDDDDD3 Scottish death certificates give the names of the5 parents of the dead person, and so are very useful 2 for genealogy. Registration began in 1855. Apply1 to New Register House, Edinburgh, Scotland UK, ) giving as much information as possible. - Óãïôôéóè[ records - general - Äåáôè certificates! - Óãïôôéóè+ birth certificates - ÇåîåòáìC index* DEATH CERTIFICATES - AUSTRALIA3 Australian death certificates can be useful, dep-5 ending on which state (or colony, before 1900) your3 ancestors died in. You will have to apply to the 2 registration office of the state concerned. They4 usually give the names of the spouse or parents of4 the deceased, and sometimes the place of birth and+ length of residence in Australia as well.( - ÓïãéåôùM of Australian Genealogists
- Óïõòãåó  - Âéòôè certificates - Äåáôè certificates - ÇåîåòáìC index, DEATH CERTIFICATES - NEW ZEALAND4 More information in later versions of this program( Press PgUp to return to where you were - Îå÷\ Zealand - general# - Âïïëó3 on New Zealand research - Äåáôè certificates - ÇåîåòáìC index! GENERAL INDEX - Áòãèéöåó” ()))))))))))))# - Âåçéîîéîç your family history - Ãïíðõôåòó for genealogy - Âéòôè certificates - Ãèõòãè$ records, - ÉÇÉ (International Genealogical Index)6 - ÏôèåòU countries your ancestors may have lived in - Èåìð. on using this program( - Âïïëó/ to help you in your research% - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI that can help you% - Çòáîäðáòåîôó - how to find them - Áäïðôéïî  - Òåóåáòãè techniques NEWSPAPERS4 If you have dates of birth, marriage or death for mm. your ancestors, look up local newspapers (in lib4 libraries) around the date. Ïâéôõáòù’ notices and4 reports of weddings can sometimes be informative. 3 The London "Times" and the "New York Times" have 3 published indexes, and bigger ìéâòáòéåóT in many1 countries have them, and often have the papers 5 themselves on microfilm. Íáçáúéîåód can be useful,1 as can journals of genealogical and historical  óïãéåôéåó®IóTTTTTTTTTTTTT - ÆáíéìùG Tree magazine - ÇåîåòáìC index' BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARIES0 Most countries have an official dictionary of 2 national biography, which should be available inrmm6 the larger ìéâòáòéåó®T You may find some members of6 the family were mentioned - if not direct ancestors,2 then their brothers, sisters or cousins. If your/ library uses the Dewey decimal classification2 system, look at the classifications for 920-930. - Âïïëó/ - general - ÇåîåòáìC index# ENGLISH RECORDS1 Begin with âéòôè( certificates, then look for mmmmm3 marriages of parents, which should in turn give 3 a church denomination and locality. Many ãèõòãè$6 records are being collected in county record officess5 and many of them are indexed in the ÉÇÉ, which is3 available in many countries on microfiche. If you5 have an address between 1841 and 1881, try ãåîóõó?3 records, which can tell you where family members 5 were born. Before 1837, the main sources are church7 records and ÷éììó®h The Public Record Office ¨ÐÒÏ©t1 also has records with genealogical information. - ÆáíéìùG Tree magazineslessssssssss - ÇåîåòáìC index& FAMILY TREE MAGAZINE5 This íáçáúéîå¬d published in Britain, has a great 3 deal of useful current information. Order it from/ your local newsagent (if they don't stock it 3 already), or subscribe. There are advertisements 8 for record óåáòãèåòóm in England and other countries. Family Tree Magazine5 15/16 Highlode Industrial Estate, Stocking Fen Road+ Ramsey, Huntingdon, PE17 1RB, England, UK - ÇåîåòáìC index - ÅîçìéóèF records - Òåóåáòãè techniques& SOUTH AFRICAN RECORDS6 Once you have exhausted oral sources, the best place 3 to search is the deceased åóôáôå records of the 5 Íáóôåò^ of the Supreme Court. The older ones are to4 be found in the Áòãèéöåó
Depots of the four prov-3 inces. If your ancestors belonged to a church, the5 ãèõòãè$ records may help, but you need to know the 4 denomination and the place. Âìáãëó¬] especially in6 rural areas, have to rely more on ïòáì information. - Óïõôè_ Africa magazine - ÇåîåáìïçéãáìK Society - Âéòôè, certificates - ÇåîåòáìC index# ORGANIZATIONSmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm6 - ÆåäåòáôéïîQ des Societes Francaises de Genealogie9 - ÚåîôòáìóôåììåP fuer personen- und Familiengeschichte* - ÎåäåòìáîäóåO Genealogische Vereniging) - Îå÷N Zealand Society of Genealogists( - ÓïãéåôùM of Australian Genealogists) - ÎáôéïîáìL Genealogical Society (USA)* - ÇåîåáìïçéãáìK Society of South Africa' - ÓïãéåôùJ of Genealogists (England) - Óáìöáôéïî Army - ÌÄÓ Family History Centres8 - ÈÓÒà (Human Sciences Research Council - S. Africa) - ÇåîåòáìC index- SOCIETY OF GENEALOGISTS (ENGLAND))))'+ 14 Charterhouse Buildings, Goswell Road, London EC1M 7BA, England UK.6 Has a ìéâòáòù¬T which is open to non-members for a - fee, and publishes two quarterly journals: – 2 "Genealogists Magazine" and "Computers in Genea-o7 logy". In addition to printed âïïëó/ there are manu-4 scripts, including indexes of records compiled by * members, family trees, card indexes etc. - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA* P.O. Box 1344, Kelvin, 2054 South Africa (General membership)+ P.O. Box 7648, Pretoria 0001 South Africa (Computer Interest Group)6 Publishes a quarterly êïõòîáì¬d "Familia" and news-0 letters three times a year. There are several 4 regional branches in various parts of the country. - ÓïõôèH African records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index, NATIONAL GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY (USA)4 4527 Seventeenth Street North, Arlington, VA 220275 Has a library and publishes a quarterly êïõòîáì®d 8 Runs the NGS/CIG computer âõììåôéî board, which you + can call using a modem at (703) 528-2612. - ÕÓÁ` records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index- SOCIETY OF AUSTRALIAN GENEALOGISTS3 Richmond Villa, 120 Kent Street, Sydney, NSW 20003 Has a library open to non-members for a fee, and / publishes a quarterly journal "Descent". The / Society issues a Diploma of Family Historical# Studies to accredit genealogists. - ÁõóôòáìéáîW records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index- NEW ZEALAND SOCIETY OF GENEALOGISTS. P.O. Box 8795, Auckland 3, New Zealand3 Publishes "The New Zealand Genealogist" six times a year. - Îå÷\ Zealand records - ÇåîåòáìC index. NEDERLANDSE GENEALOGIESCHE VERENIGING1 Postbus 976, NL-1000 AZ, Amsterdam, NEDERLAND2 Has a library, and publishes a monthly journal,  "Gens Nostra". 6 Another useful organization is the Centraal Âõòåáõp voor Genealogie. - Îåôèåòìáîäóa records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index6 ZENTRALSTELLE FUER PERSONEN- UND FAMILIENGESCHICHTE2 Birkenweg 13, D-6382 Friedrichsdorf 4, BRD1 Has an archive and research library (enquiries 0 should be accompanied by 2 International Reply. Coupons). Publishes a genealogical yearbook. - ÇåòíáîZ records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index4 FEDERATION DES SOCIETES FRANCAISES DE GENEALOGIE/ B.P. 63, F-75261 Paris Cedex 06, France  - ÆòåîãèY records - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÇåîåòáìC index% JOBS AND OCCUPATIONS 5 Knowing what kind of work people did can often lead1 to more information about them - apprenticeship4 records, police or military personnel files, trade5 union records, lists of clergy, doctors, university0 graduates, etc. You may find occupations from 7 marriage records, äéòåãôïòéåó¬9 öïôåòó§
rolls and  many other sources. - ÇåîåòáìC index COUNTRIES5 If your family moved about a lot, you may find your6 ancestors lived in different countries, or that they5 were born or died in other countries. You can still5 find out a great deal about them. The International6 Genealogical Index ¨ÉÇÉ© is a good place to start.8 Public ìéâòáòéåóT often have useful information. Even5 if you cannot visit the country, you may be able to8 get microfilmed records. ÌÄÓ family history centres 9 can often order them for you. The government áòãèéöåó”& often have genealogical information. - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI - ÌéóôU of countries - ÇåîåòáìC index$ PUBLIC LIBRARIES8 You may find genealogical "how to" books classified 4 under 929 (Dewey Decimal System). Look in both the6 lending and reference sections. ÌÄÓ family history7 centres have libraries, and a íéãòïæéãèåk catalogue 5 of genealogical books. Genealogical óïãéåôéåóI in 3 various countries often also have libraries. Look: in general histories or âéïçòáðèéåóE of the right place6 and period - 920 for biography. Check book indexes. 4 Check whether the library has old îå÷óðáðåòóD and' äéòåãôïòéåó9, possibly on microfilm. - Âïïë/ index - ÇåîåòáìC index! COUNTRY INDEX - ÁõóôòáìéáW - ÃáîáäáX
- ÅîçìáîäF - ÆòáîãåY
- ÇåòíáîùZ - Îåôèåòìáîäóa - Îå÷\ Zealand - ÓïõôèH Africa - Óãïôìáîä[ - ÕÓÁ`nd% - Ïôèåòf countries not listed here - ÇåîåòáìC index - ÏòçáîéúáôéïîóI% BAPTISM REGISTERS1 Most Christian churches receive new members by 4 baptism, and record the date of the ceremony, the 7 names of the ðáòåîôó (and sometimes the address and7 ïããõðáôéïî©R and where the ceremony took place. Some5 also record the age or date of birth of the person 8 being baptized, and the names of sponsors or witnesses6 (godparents). These òåãïòäó$ are especially useful 1 before there was civil registration of births, 5 marriages and deaths. In many parts of Africa they 7 are the only written records before the 20th century. Many are indexed in the ÉÇÉ. - ÇåîåòáìC index AUSTRALIA3 Civil registration began in Tasmania in 1838, Westsss0 Australia in 1841, South Australia in 1842, New0 South Wales (including Queensland) in 1853 and 0 Victoria in 1856. The Victorian "Archer" system2 provides most information, and was adopted by New1 South Wales and Queensland in 1859 as well. The 4 Australian states have also copies church registers0 for the period before civil registration began. - Ãïíðõôåò bulletin boards - ÄåáôèA records - Âïïëó3 - ÇåîåòáìC index! CANADA6 Vital statistics of births, marriages and deaths are5 recorded by the Bureau of Vital Statistics for each1 province, generally from about 1870-1880 on. In2 Quebec, however, copies of church registers are 2 deposited at district registries of the supreme 5 court. These sometimes go back to the 17th century. 5 Public Áòãèéöåó” of Canada, 395 Wellington Street," Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0N3, Canada - ÃïõîôòéåóS - ÇåîåòáìC index FRANCE4 Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths thi3 began in 1792. The records are kept in the local 6 town or village, so knowing the place is important. 6 Church records up to 1792 are in the archives of the6 departement, but since that date they will be found 7 in the churches. The archives of the departement also hold census records.' - Âïïëó5 to help with French research% - ÇåîåáìïçéãáìQ societies in France - ÇåîåòáìC index GERMANY4 Before 1870 Germany was a patchwork of independent4 principalities and states. Prussia was the biggest5 after about 1830. Even today, most records are kept5 by the local municipality, and there are virtually 5 no centralized records. It is important, therefore,5 to know at least the state or the town a person was6 born or married in. Ãèõòãè$ records are often very  informative.  - Âïïëó5 on German research! - ÓïãéåôéåóP and organizations - ÇåîåòáìC index SCOTLAND4 Registration of âéòôèó¬+ marriages and deaths in 6 Scotland began in 1855. Many church registers before6 that date have been collected and are in the General6 Registrar's office. Church registers are not as full5 or complete as English ones, but registers of deeds5 and óáóéîåób (land conveyances) can give a lot of 9 genealogical information. Scottish äåáôè@ certificates5 are more useful than those of many other countries.4 Ãåîóõó+ records are also kept in the registrar's ( office, and can be searched for a fee. - Âïïëó1 - Scottish áòãèéöåó•! NEW ZEALAND3 Civil registration of births, marriages and deathsmmm2 began in 1848. Write to the Registrar-General,  Wellington, New Zealand................. - Ãïíðõôåò bulletin boards - ÄåáôèB certificates - Âïïëó3 - ÇåîåòáìC index) BLACK GENEALOGY IN SOUTH AFRICA6 Because of the Natives Land Act of 1913, relatively 4 few blacks owned enough property to appear in the 7 estate records of the Íáóôåò^ of the Supreme Court. 5 Much more reliance will therefore have to be placed4 on oral history and ãèõòãè$ records. This is also5 made diffcult because there are over 4000 different7 church denominations. There is therefore a great need5 to record ïòáì family history before it is lost.  - ÓïõôèH African records - ÇåîåòáìC index1 MASTER OF THE SUPREME COURT - SOUTH AFRICAAAAAAA6 Records of deceased åóôáôåó are held by the Master5 of the Supreme Court (originally, in the Cape, the 8 Master of the Orphan Chamber - Weesheer). Estate files7 more than 20-30 years old are moved to the áòãèéöåó
7 depot of each province. There are masters' offices in6 Cape Town, Grahamstown, Kimberley, Pietermaritzburg,7 Bloemfontein and Pretoria. The master issues letters 8 of executorship to the executors of the dead person's 5 estate, and so if the person had a bank account or 1 other property that had to be registered (motor9 vehicle, firearms, shares, land or mortgage) or debts, 4 the chances are that there is an estate record on  file somewhere.& SOUTH AFRICA MAGAZINE2 This remarkable weekly magazine has a wealth of 6 information for the period from 1890 to 1930. It has6 birth, íáòòéáçå and death notices, missing persons4 advertisements, ïâéôõáòéåó’ and news items about 4 individuals and families. The Johannesburg Public 4 Library has a fairly full set, while the Pretoria 5 State ÌéâòáòùT has a more broken run. It has lists6 of passengers on ships sailing to and from SA ports,5 and addresses of SA visitors to London. If you know5 the date of a marriage, äåáôè# or immigration, it  is worth checking. - ÓïõôèH African records! USA RECORDS4 In the USA most vital statistics records are kept 2 by local municipal or county offices. There are 9 very few national records, except for ãåîóõóc records.0 Knowing dates and locations is therefore very 1 important. US genealogists rely a great deal onn3 ìéâòáòùT research. Wills and church records are / also useful, but it is important to know the  denomination and the place. - ÕÓÁ– Archives - ÇåîåáìïçéãáìL Societies - Âïïëó4  - ÇåîåòáìC index! NETHERLANDS7 Civil registration of âéòôèó¬) marriages and deaths 6 began with the Napoleonic conquest, and "burgerlijke6 stand" records are kept in most towns. Surnames were3 not common before Napoleon imposed them, and many4 people took ludicrous surnames as an act of civil  disobedience. - Ãïíðõôåò bulletin boards - Âïïëó5 - ÇåîåòáìC index# SASINES & DEEDSSSS3 The registers of conveyance of land in Scotland, 4 called sasines, are very full, and go back a long 3 way. If you know that an ancestor owned land this# can therefore be a useful source.- Scottish Record Office, Edinburgh, Scotlanddd - Óãïôôéóè[ records - ÇåîåòáìC index" CENSUS RECORDS5 Many countries have kept census records, especially7 from the beginning of the 19th century. Unfortunately6 some countries, such as South Africa and Australia, 8 destroy the records as soon as statistical information9 has been abstracted. Others, such as Åîçìáîä? and the 9 ÕÓÁ¬` have the older records (usually those over 80 or1 100 years old) available to researchers. Where 6 census records have been preserved, they are a very 4 useful source. If you live in a country where they3 have not been preserved, write to your member of 5 parliament or other public representative about it! - ÇåîåòáìC index% MAGAZINES AND JOURNALS5 Like îå÷óðáðåòóD, magazines and journals can be a 3 useful source of information. Some, like ÆáíéìùG5 Tree magazine, published in Åîçìáîä¬F give general5 "how to" information on research. Many genalogical 4 óïãéåôéåóI publish their own journals, and these 4 usually deal with a particular country or region. 2 Some general magazines, like ¢Óïõôè_ Africa" or5 the "Gentleman's Magazine", though they have ceased7 publication, are available in ìéâòáòéåóT and contain3 valuable genealogical information. Some magazines2 contain useful information on certain aspects of/ genealogy, such as ãïíðõôåòóe and genealogy.* GENEALOGICAL COMPUTING MAGAZINE0 A 48-page quarterly published by Ancestry Inc,. PO Box 476, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84110, USA3 Subscriptions are $ 25.00 a year in the USA, and  $35.00 in other countries. 3 This contains reviews of genealogical óïæô÷áòå,5 information about on line databases of genealogical6 interest, information about bulletin boards ¨ÂÂÓó©4 and much other useful information on genealogical  record keeping. - Ãïíðõôåòó for genealogy/ OTHER COUNTRIES NOT MENTIONED ELSEWHERE
- Îáíéâéá - Úéíâáâ÷å - Ìáôéîg America - ÌéóôU of countries
- Óïõòãåó ! LATIN AMERICA8 Information available varies from country to country, 6 but most Latin American countries have good records.4 Details of those available in each country may be  found in the following book:5 de Platt, Lyman. 1978. "Genealogical and historical4 guide to Latin America." Detroit: Gale Research. - ÃïõîôòéåóS - ÇåîåòáìC index# ENGLISH WILLS1 Wills after 1858 may be found at the Principal 3 Registry of the Family Division, Somerset House, 6 Strand, London. Before 1858 wills were administered b5 by the church, and are more difficult to find. Many1 have, however, been deposited in county record 2 offices. Wills are especially important for the 3 period before 1837. Married women did not usually4 make wills. English wills are a complicated topic,1 and it is best to read some âïïëó0 on English  genealogy to find out more." - Çåîåòáìi information on wills - ÅîçìéóèF records1 WILLS, TESTAMENTS, PROBATE, DECEASED ESTATES4 A will is a document telling how a person's fixed 4 property (land, buildings etc) is to be dealt with5 when he or she dies. A testament does the same for 3 moveable property. They are often combined in one3 document. Wills often mention relatives by name,3 and so can give useful genealogical information. 4 Wills are proved (and in some countries are called7 probate records) after the person's death. In Óïõôè^1 Africa they are accompanied by very informative; death notices. In Åîçìáîäh they are especially valuable  before 1837. - Äåáôè# records - general - ÇåîåòáìC index MICROFILM3 Many genealogical records have been copied on to 4 microfilm, which saves storage space. The film is / in reels, and is read with a special reader. 7 Archives depots, ìéâòáòéåóT and similar institutions1 often have microfilm copies of records in other places,7 places, and machines for reading them. Where original8 documents are inaccessible, therefore, you will often 8 be able to look at microfilm copies. You can often get4 records from other ãïõîôòéåóS on microfilm. Some c. records are also available on íéãòïæéãèå®k Ì - ÌÄÓ Family History Centres - ÇåîåòáìC index! MICROFICHE2 Microfiche are photographic copies of documents 3 reduced to occupy a very small space. The "fiche"5 is a small card which holds copies of many hundreds4 of pages. You have to use a special reader to read7 it. Microfiche records (and readers) are found in the; same places as íéãòïæéìíj readers, and the same kind of 5 information is usually available. The ÉÇÉ (Inter-4 national Genealogical Index) is on microfiche, and6 is one of the sources most frequently used by genea-ogi
logists. - ÇåîåòáìC index& ELECTRONIC DIRECTORIES5 Many countries keep their telephone directories in 8 electronic form, and if you have íïäåí it is easy to4 consult the electronic directory. ÆòáîãåY was the pion7 pioneer of this system. In South Africa an electronic9 directory is available on Âåìôåìn. These can be useful8 for finding ìéöéîç relatives when you want to inter-1 view them to get more éîæïòíáôéïî on earlier 4 generations. If you are looking for relatives who might4 might be in any part of a country, electronic dir-5 erctories are usually easier to search than printed ones. -  - Äéòåãôïòéåó9 - general$ RECORD SEARCHERS5 If you cannot visit a place where records are kept,4 and you cannot find copies on íéãòïæéìí¬j you may6 want to pay someone to search records for you on the2 spot. People who search records for a fee often . advertise their services in the journals of 8 genealogical óïãéåôéåóI, or you can ask the societies4 for a list of people willing to do research. They ! often advertise in íáçáúéîåód. - ÇåîåòáìC index BELTEL5 Beltel is the videotex service of the South African3 post office, similar to Prestel in Britain. Apart4 from electronic messages and home banking, it has 6 an electronic telephone äéòåãôïòù¬l called Innobel.4 This makes it easy to find current subscribers to 2 the telephone service no matter where they live.0 This is useful for æéîäéîç living relatives. - ÓïõôèH African records - ÇåîåòáìC index3 IF YOU CAN'T FIND AN ENGLISH BIRTH CERTIFICATE7 If you know what denomination the person belonged to,8 you can try church âáðôéóíV records. You can also ask7 for expert advice from the ÓïãéåôùJ of Genealogists.5 Another possibility is to advertise to see if some-3 one else may be searching for the same surname in6 the same area, or possibly even the same family. You2 can advertise on computer âõììåôéî boards, in 5 íáçáúéîåód or in special publications that contain4 lists of genealogical researchers' interests, such6 as the ÇÒÄv. The journals of genealogical societies9 or Family Tree íáçáúéîåG are good places to advertise. - ÅîçìéóèF records1 CENTRAAL BUREAU VOOR GENEALOGIE - NETHERLANDS5 Postbus 11755, NL-2502 AT, 'S-Gravenhage, Nederland7 Though there is no central âéòôè) registration, the 6 bureau does have the identity cards issued to people6 from 1938 who have since died. Copies may be issued.3 The Bureau also does research for a fee, and has 3 extensive collections of central state archives. $ - Îåôèåòìáîäóa research - general
- ÉîäåøC + ENGLAND - PEOPLE BORN BEFORE 15384 English parish registers only began in 1538, so if7 you are looking for someone born before then you will1 have to try for other records. ×éììóh are one 4 possibility, but locating early wills is itself a / specialized task, and so you should probably 4 approach bodies like the ÓïãéåôùJ of Genealogists4 for help and advice. Âïïëó0 can help, though most0 of the more recent ones concentrate on modern 0 genealogy. But they often have bibliographies 3 that point to books dealing with earlier periods. - Óôõãëo in English research - ÅîçìéóèF records - general2 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS3 Do you know where the person lived in 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 or 1881? - Ùåó?2 If not, you could try consulting records of army4 or navy service in the Public Record Office. Other8 possibilities in the ÐÒÏt are records of shipping and2 seamen (if the person was a merchant seaman) or 5 emigration records (if the person is known to have emigrated. - Õîóõããåóóæõìo?2 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS7 Was the person born at the British lying-in hospital,
Holborn?3 - If yes, consult RG 8/52-66 at the ÐÒÏt. These record' records are indexed in the ÉÇÉ1 If not, was the person baptized at the Fleet or3 King's Bench prisons, Mayfair Chapel or the Mint?% - If yes, consult RG 7 in the ÐÒÏt If ÎÏw ..... PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE (PRO) - ENGLANDD7 This is where English central government archives are6 kept. There are three different record repositories,6 and as the archives are sometimes moved, it is best 5 to contact the Public Record Office, Ruskin Avenue,7 Kew, Surrey TW9 4DU to ascertain the location of the 2 records you want to look at. If you cannot visit5 the PRO yourself, you might want to employ a record7 óåáòãèåòm. Some of the records kept in the PRO have 7 been microfilmed by the ÌÄÓ church, so you might be5 able to look at the íéãòïæéìíj copies. Among those1 that have been copied are the ãåîóõó? returns.8 ÅîçìáîäF Íïòå“ on PRO Áòãèéöåó” in generalr, PARISH REGISTERS - CHURCH OF ENGLAND6 The Church of England âáðôéóíV, marriage and burial5 registers begin from 1538, though in some parishes 2 the begin much later. You need to know the place6 where the family lived to be able to find the right 7 registers. Many have been indexed in the ÉÇÉ. Some 6 parish registers are still kept in the churches, but6 many of the older ones have been collected into the 5 diocesan archives, usually the local County Record 5 Office. There are also some Bishops' Transcripts - & copies sent to the diocesan office.  - ÅîçìéóèF records* GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH DIRECTORY4 This is an annual publication, listing hundreds of3 surnames and places, and giving the addresses of 8 people who are researching families of those surnames.8 You may subscribe for a fee, sending in the names you 4 are researching, and receiving a copy of the book.8 The subscribers come from many different ãïõîôòéåó¬S 2 and there are also useful notes of genealogical socie4 óïãéåôéåóI and research facilities in the variousountr
countries. 2 Address: GRD, PO Box 795, North Sydney, NSW 2060 Australia - ÉîäåøC3 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH AND BAPTISM RECORDS5 Was the person you are looking for baptized in the  Greenwich Hospital?6 - if YES, consult RG 4/1669, 1670, 1677-1678 in the # ÐÒÏt (Public Record Office)6 If NOT, was the person baptised in Chelsea Hospital?0 - if YES, consult RG 4/4330, 4387 in the ÐÒÏt/ - if NO, try RG 8/109 and RG 8/110 in the PRO If õîóõããåóóæõìu ...1 SEARCHING FOR A RECORD OF A BIRTH OR BAPTISM8 The parents of a person are usually recorded on their 8 birth certificate, or on their baptism certificate if  they were baptized. 9 To find the birth records, you need to know where the 7 person was born. If you don't know, but you think it 2 likely that the person was born in a particular country6 country, then you should search the records of that
country.9 - Óåáòãèéîçy for a birth or baptism record - next step - ÉîäåøC - SEARCHING FOR A BIRTH OF BAPTISM RECORD8 Was the person born in one of the following countries: Åîçìáîäz  Óïõôèˆ Africa Îåôèåòìáîäó) Óãïôìáîä+ - Çåîåòáì & PERSON BORN IN ENGLAND) Was the person born before 1 July 1837? S - Ùåó{ - Îï( - Õîãåòôáéîr- SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH RECORDS! Was the person born after 1538? - Ùåó| - Îïq* SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH RECORDS3 Do you know where the person was born, or can you make a good guess? - Ùåó} - Îïr2 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS7 Do you know the religious denomination of the person, or that of his or her parents?ó~~~~~~~ - Îïs/ Were they members of the Church of England? - Ùåóu - Îï~4 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS IN ENGLAND5 Was the person (or his or her parents) a member of 4 a foreign Protestant Church, made up of immigrants" to England or their descendants? - Ùåó€ - Îï4 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS IN ENGLAND3 Was the person you are looking for a member of a  Russian Orthodox Church? - Ùåóï‚‚‚‚‚‚3 If not, was the person a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers)? - Ùåó‚1 If not, was the person a Methodist or Wesleyan?  Ùåóƒ Îï„4 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORD IN ENGLAND5 Consult RG 4 and RG 8 in the Public Record Office. Search óõããåóóæõìF? Search õîóõããåóóæõìu?) - Íïòåt about the Public Record Office - ÉîäåøC5 SEARCHING FOR A BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORD IN ENGLAND5 If the person was (or may have been) a member of 4 a Russian Orthodox Church before 1837, you should
consult * RG 8/111-304 in the Public Record Office4 These are miscellaneous church registers collected# by the Registrar General's Office( - ÐÒÏt Public Record office - general - Search õîóõããåóóæõìu - ÅîçìéóèF records - general - ÉîäåøC( QUAKER ANCESTORS IN ENGLAND1 If the person was a Quaker, you should consult, RG 6 and RG 8 in the Public Record Office/ If this is unsuccessful, try consulting the Religious Society of Friends.0 If you still find nothing, try the Church of  England parish òåçéóôåòóu.+ - ÐÒÏt - Public Record Office - general - ÅîçìéóèF records - ÉîäåøC4 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OF BAPTISM RECORDS IN ENGLAND6 Was the person you are looking for born in or around London? - Îï…2 If YES, was the person born after 1818? - Îï…5 If YES, consult RG 4/4677-4680, RG 5/162-207 in the& ÐÒÏt (Public Record Office) If õîóõããåóóæõì… ...4 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS IN ENGLAND5 Was the person you are looking for a member of some. other Protestant nonconformist church? Îï†4 - If YES, was the person born in or around London? Îï…/ - If YES, was person born after 1742? Îï…6 - If YES, consult RG 4/4658-4676, RG 5/1-161 in the ( ÐÒÏt (Public Record Office)lllllllllllllllll If õîóõããåóóæõì… ...2 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS Consult RG 4 and RG 8 in the PRO ÐÒÏt (Public Record Office) If õîóõããåóóæõìu ...2 SEARCHING FOR ENGLISH BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS6 Was the person you are looking for a Roman Catholic? - Îï‡2 Consult RG 4 in the ÐÒÏt (Public Record Office) If UNSUCCESSFUL, 2 Consult records of Roman Catholic churches held
locally. If õîóõããåóóæõìu ..../ SEARCHING FOR BIRTH RECORDS IN ENGLAND, Was the person you are looking for Jewish?5 If YES, consult synogogue records kept locally, or the ÉÇÉ. - If NO, 6 Was the person you are looking for Church of England
(Anglican)? Ùåóu Îïo7 SEARCHING FOR BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS IN SOUTH AFRICAA6 Was the person you are looking for born after 1902? - Îï‰ 5 If the person was born after 1902, do you know the exact date of birth?
- Ùåó,7 If you do not know the exact date of birth, was the  person alive after 1980? Ùåó
Îï‰/ SOUTH AFRICAN BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS4 Do you know what religious denomination the person" you are looking for belonged to? ÎïŠ. If YES, which denomination(s) did the person" or his or her parents belong to?2 ÄÒË (Dutch Reformed - NGK, NHK, Gereformeerde)7 ÃÐÓÁŒ Anglican (Church of the Province of S. Africa) ÏòôèïäïøŽ (Greek) Ïôèåò. SOUTH AFRICAN BIRTH OR BAPTISM RECORDS4 If you cannot find the record of a person's birth 2 or baptism, remember that it is often easier to 4 trace a person's ancestry in South Africa through 8 äåáôè# records. If the person died after 1934 in the 2 Cape Province, or after about 1965 in the other 2 Province, there may be a record in the office of4 the Íáóôåò^ of the Supreme Court. Older files of 7 deceased åóôáôå files are in the archives depots of3 each Province. Ãåíåôåòù inscriptions are being 0 recorded and indexed, and may be found on the  áòãèéöåó
computer indexes. % - ÓïõôèH African records (general)* DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH RECORDS/ The earlier records of the NG Kerk have been 7 microfilmed, and can be seen at áòãèéöåó
depots and6 the ÈÓÒî You can also contact the church archives5 at P.O. Box 3171, Cape Town 8000. For later records6 you may need to contact the individual congregation. 3 Hervormde Kerk archives - 224 Jacob Mare Street,  Pretoria 00028 Gereformeerde Kerk archives - Potchefstroom University! Library, Potchefstroom, 2520. - ÉîäåøC7 CHURCH OF THE PROVINCE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA (ANGLICAN)3 The CPSA archives depot at the University of the 6 Witwatersrand Library, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Parktown,6 Johannesburg, has several old parish registers, and 1 is making an inventory of others kept in local 4 churches. Try the church archives first, and then 4 the ÈÓÒÃ which has some on microfilm. If you do 5 not find them in these places, try the local parish4 or chapelry. The older records are gradually being& transferred to the central archives. - ÉîäåøC% - ÓïõôèH African records (general)) SOUTH AFRICAN CHURCH RECORDS/ You should try to ask the head office of the 4 denomination concerned where the records are kept.1 If they have not been collected into a central 2 storage place, you will have to try to find the ) church registers in the local churches.4 People on South Africa often changed denomination 2 when they went to live in another town, going to9 the nearest convenient church. When áóëéîç relatives,7 remember to ask what denomination the family belonged to, and when.% - ÓïõôèH African records - general& ORTHODOX CHURCH RECORDS2 Copies of the baptism records of Greek Orthodox 6 Churches in South Africa are kept by the Archbishops! of Johannesburg and Cape Town. % - ÓïõôèH African records - general& CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS5 Tombstone inscriptions can give useful genealogical/ information. Many genealogical societies are 3 recording and indexing tombstone inscriptions. In2 South Africa these are indexed on the áòãèéöåó
8 computer, and print-outs are available at most of the 3 main libraries. In other countries a national or 5 local genealogical society might be collecting and  storing the information.* - Íïòå‘ on burial records and tombstones - Äåáôè# records
- ÉîäåøC MODEMS4 A modem is a MOdulator/DEModulator, a device that 6 allows computers to talk to each other by telephone.6 Modems operate at different speeds which are usually8 measured in Bits Per Second (bps) - a single character8 such as the letter A is 8 bits, and with other control6 bits you can say that 10 bits per second is roughly 6 one character per second. Most cheap modems nowadays8 transmit at 2400 bps (about 240 characters per second)8 If you buy a modem, make sure it has the international5 standard V22bis. Some older modems are slower, and 5 the slower ones are not all supported any more. You7 can use a modem to call âõììåôéî boards, Âåìôåìn, an* and make contact with other researchers.) BURIAL RECORDS AND TOMBSTONES5 Churches and municipalities often keep registers of3 people buried in cemeteries under their control. 5 Churches also keep records of the burials of their 8 members. If you can't find a äåáôè# record elsewhere, you can try these records. 9 Tombstones are also useful, but sometimes older stones 5 are removed or damaged. Genealogical societies are the6 therefore recording them and compiling éîäåøåó. It7 is also important to check death records because that4 "ancestor" you found may have died as a child and  had no children!+ OBITUARIES 1 Once you know the date and place of death of a 0 person, try looking in local îå÷óðáðåòóD and 1 íáçáúéîåód in the area where he or she lived. 6 These often published obituaries which can give more4 information, though it can be misleading, as they 2 may have been written by journalists who did not, know the person. Check for publications of organization3 organizations the person belonged to - churches, 4 political groups, trade unions, clubs, lodges etc.4 If the person had any connection with South Africa7 between 1890 and 1930, South Africa íáçáúéîå_ can be a very useful source. - ÉîäåøC, PUBLIC RECORDS OFFICE (ENGLAND)- English national archives are kept in threee0 repositories of the Public Record Office (PRO)  Public Records Office. Ruskin Avenue, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 4DU Public Records Office! Chancery Lane, London, WC2A 1LR Public Records Office# Portugal Street, London, WC2A 3PH; ÅîçìáîäF ÉîäåøC Áòãèéöåó” general Íïòåt on PRO" GOVERNMENT ARCHIVES6 Government offices accumulate documents of all kinds0 and when the records are no longer needed for 4 current work, they are sent to archives depots for2 storage. Many of these records contain important7 historical information, and are useful for genealogy...6 Records of court cases, military and census records,6 correspondence with government departments and many + other kinds of records can be found here. Åîçìéóè“ Óãïôôéóè• ÕÓÁ–  Óïõôè
Africa( SCOTTISH RECORD OFFICE Scottish Record Office* General Register House, Princes Street, ( Edinburgh EH1 3YY Tel (031) 556-6585 ÉîäåøC Áòãèéöåó” Çåîåòáì[ Scottish records USA ARCHIVES( National Archives and Records Service Constitution Avenue, Washington DC 20408 Áòãèéöåó” - general Çåîåòáì` USA records

  3 Responses to “Category : Science and Education
Archive   : FHH.ZIP
Filename : FHH.DAT

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: