Dec 142017
Source for 3-D graphics in C++.
File XSHP15.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category C++ Source Code
Source for 3-D graphics in C++.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
ADDROT.C 3335 584 deflated
APPROT.C 4148 638 deflated
BALVERT0.INC 5391 1139 deflated
COSTABLE.INC 6803 2070 deflated
DRAW.ASM 7132 2084 deflated
DRAWPOBJ.C 2989 871 deflated
FILLCNVX.C 7976 2227 deflated
FILLRECT.ASM 5257 1661 deflated
FIXED.ASM 13368 2866 deflated
GENBALL.C 6058 1724 deflated
GENCOS.C 1283 586 deflated
INITBALL.C 4462 1150 deflated
INITCUBE.C 5738 1529 deflated
INITFIX.C 882 416 deflated
K.BAT 21 20 deflated
LINKRESP 229 145 deflated
MAKEFILE 394 236 deflated
MATMATH.C 1385 439 deflated
MODE.ASM 3612 1312 deflated
MOVEPOLY.C 1348 393 deflated
OLIST.C 3050 881 deflated
POLYGON.H 5688 2000 deflated
README 6774 2868 deflated
SCAN.ASM 6213 2049 deflated
SHOWPAGE.ASM 1979 797 deflated
TURBOC.CFG 60 50 deflated
XFPROJ.C 2449 849 deflated
XSHARP.C 3846 1291 deflated
XSHARP15 42 42 stored

Download File XSHP15.ZIP Here

Contents of the README file

This is the source for the X-Sharp 3-D animation package, as
presented in the Graphics Programming column in Dr. Dobb's Journal,
as of the April 1992 issue. A couple of bugs in the code from the
April 1992 column are fixed in this archive. The code has been tested
with Borland C++ 3.0 and TASM 3.0. To make X-Sharp, run K.BAT.

Unpack this archive with PKZIP -d; the ball generation code belongs
in the .\BALL subdirectory, and, because it has some of the same
filenames as the main directory, problems will result without -d.

Files in this archive:

POLYGON.H - polygon & 3-D header file
MAKEFILE - Borland Make makefile
INITFIX.C - initializes fixed-point data
GENCOS.C - generates cosine table for fixed-point look-up
FILLCNVX.C - fills a convex polygon
APPROT.C - appends rotations in X, Y, and Z
DRAW.ASM - draws the scanned-out pixels of a convex polygon in mode X
MODE.ASM - initializes the screen to mode X (320x240, 256 colors)
XSHARP15 - ID file for the X-Sharp version
LINKRESP - TLINK response file
MOVEPOLY.C - updates the position and orientation of a polygon-based object
SHOWPAGE.ASM - selects the video page that's visible
SCAN.ASM - scans out an edge of a convex polygon
FILLRECT.ASM - fills a rectangle with a solid color in mode X
TURBOC.CFG - Borland C++ 3.0 configuration file. Uses 3.0-specific
options, which must be changed for 2.0 and earlier
DRAWPOBJ.C - draws a polygon-based object
README - this file
INITBALL.C - initializes the ball-shaped object
K.BAT - remakes X-Sharp, producing XS.EXE
BALVERT0.INC - include file that defines ball-shaped object
COSTABLE.INC - include file for fixed-point cosines between 0 and 90 degrees
XSHARP.C - main() for this animation
INITCUBE.C - initializes the cube-shaped objects
OLIST.C - object list initialization, handling, and sorting
FIXED.ASM - fixed point arithmetic routine (some are 386-dependent)
XFPROJ.C - transforms and projects polygon-based objects
BALL - subdirectory; see below

The subdirectory .\BALL contains the source code and executable for
the program GENBALL, which creates the vertex and face lists for a
ball made from rectangular faces (BALVERT0.INC was created by GENBALL).
Remake GENBALL by running K.BAT in the .\BALL directory. See the
12/29/91 log entry for details.

Note that this code uses 386-specific instructions.

Comments and questions may be directed to me in the following ways:

Bix: graphic.disp or graphic.pgms conferences or Bixmail (mabrash)
MCI mail (mabrash)
M&T Online conference (mabrash)
U.S. Mail (7 Adirondack Street, South Burlington, VT 05403)

Bix is the best way to get hold of me.

This material may be used freely; it is provided free of charge, as
are responses to questions and comments, within reason. Should the
spirit move you, a contribution to the Vermont Assocation for the
Blind and Visually Impaired, sent care of Dr. Dobb's Journal, myself,
or directly to VABVI, would be appreciated, and would motivate me to
keep enhancing X-Sharp.

Vermont Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired
37 Elmwood Avenue
Burlington, VT 05401

Dr. Dobb's Journal
411 Borel Avenue, Suite 100
San Mateo, CA 94403-3522

Michael Abrash 1/12/92

* Log of changes *

Begin entry for 1/5/92

Altered ConcatXforms to add in the translation element from matrix #1
only when multiplying by the fourth column of matrix #2, because only
the fourth column has a 1 at the bottom. This fixes a bug in earlier
versions that showed up when a world->view transformation involving
translation was used.

Removed setting of non-existent element XformToWorld[3][3] in INITCUBE.C

Begin entry for 12/29/91

Converted XformVec and ConcatXforms to assembly language, reducing
transformation and concatenation time to 5% or less of total time.

Converted sin() and cos() calls to calls to the assembly language
function CosSin(), which performs a table look-up. Changed angle
representations from radians to tenths of degrees to facilitate table
look-up and to maximize accuracy.

Put all the assembly language functions in fixed.asm, replacing
l4.c and l9.asm.

Deleted one cube from the animation, and substituted a ball. The
ball has a radius of 25, slightly larger than the cube it replaces.
It has 6 bands of 12 facets each, for a total of 72 faces,
approximately doubling the number of polygons in the animation, and
has 62 vertices, increasing the number of vertices by more than 50%.
Added INITBALL.C to initialize the ball, and added a call to
InitializeBalls() to create the ball in main(). Only one ball is
created, but more balls could easily be added, and the size of and
number of bands in the ball(s) could easily be changed.

The program GENBALL, in .\BALL, generates all vertex and face info
for a generic ball (it doesn't generate the color info, which varies
from instance to instance). The number of bands of faces and the
size of the ball are prompted for when GENBALL is run. The output of
GENBALL with 6 bands and a radius of 25 is in BALVERT0.INC, and is
included in INITBALL.C, which initializes a ball for use in the
animation program. To change the size, just regenerate BALVERT0.INC
by running GENBALL with bands = 6 and the desired radius. To change
the number of bands, run GENBALL with the desired number of bands and
radius, and then change the Colors array in INITBALL.C to have one
color entry for each face in the new ball. (The number of faces is
shown as a define at the top of the output file from GENBALL.)
Additional balls may be added by changing NUM_BALLS, and by adding a
new entry to each array at the top of GENBALL.C.

Changed object list from an array to a linked list that is sorted
in back-to-front order after each set of moves, so drawing the list
in order performs proper hiding of objects.

Renamed source files more meaningfully, and renamed executable XS.EXE.

Added a center (0,0,0) point to each object, which is transformed into
view space each time the object is transformed. This is used for
Z-sorting objects for drawing precedence purposes, and can also be
used for collision detection and the like.

End entry for 12/29/91

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