Category : C Source Code
Archive   : SOX.ZIP
Filename : LIBST.C

 
Output of file : LIBST.C contained in archive : SOX.ZIP
/* libst.c - portable sound tools library
*/

/*
** This routine converts from linear to ulaw.
**
** Craig Reese: IDA/Supercomputing Research Center
** Joe Campbell: Department of Defense
** 29 September 1989
**
** References:
** 1) CCITT Recommendation G.711 (very difficult to follow)
** 2) "A New Digital Technique for Implementation of Any
** Continuous PCM Companding Law," Villeret, Michel,
** et al. 1973 IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, Vol 1,
** 1973, pg. 11.12-11.17
** 3) MIL-STD-188-113,"Interoperability and Performance Standards
** for Analog-to_Digital Conversion Techniques,"
** 17 February 1987
**
** Input: Signed 16 bit linear sample
** Output: 8 bit ulaw sample
*/

#define ZEROTRAP /* turn on the trap as per the MIL-STD */
#define BIAS 0x84 /* define the add-in bias for 16 bit samples */
#define CLIP 32635

unsigned char
st_linear_to_ulaw( sample )
int sample;
{
static int exp_lut[256] = {0,0,1,1,2,2,2,2,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,
4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,
5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,
5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,
6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7};
int sign, exponent, mantissa;
unsigned char ulawbyte;

/* Get the sample into sign-magnitude. */
sign = (sample >> 8) & 0x80; /* set aside the sign */
if ( sign != 0 ) sample = -sample; /* get magnitude */
if ( sample > CLIP ) sample = CLIP; /* clip the magnitude */

/* Convert from 16 bit linear to ulaw. */
sample = sample + BIAS;
exponent = exp_lut[( sample >> 7 ) & 0xFF];
mantissa = ( sample >> ( exponent + 3 ) ) & 0x0F;
ulawbyte = ~ ( sign | ( exponent << 4 ) | mantissa );
#ifdef ZEROTRAP
if ( ulawbyte == 0 ) ulawbyte = 0x02; /* optional CCITT trap */
#endif

return ulawbyte;
}

/*
** This routine converts from ulaw to 16 bit linear.
**
** Craig Reese: IDA/Supercomputing Research Center
** 29 September 1989
**
** References:
** 1) CCITT Recommendation G.711 (very difficult to follow)
** 2) MIL-STD-188-113,"Interoperability and Performance Standards
** for Analog-to_Digital Conversion Techniques,"
** 17 February 1987
**
** Input: 8 bit ulaw sample
** Output: signed 16 bit linear sample
*/

int
st_ulaw_to_linear_slow( ulawbyte )
unsigned char ulawbyte;
{
static int exp_lut[8] = { 0, 132, 396, 924, 1980, 4092, 8316, 16764 };
int sign, exponent, mantissa, sample;

ulawbyte = ~ ulawbyte;
sign = ( ulawbyte & 0x80 );
exponent = ( ulawbyte >> 4 ) & 0x07;
mantissa = ulawbyte & 0x0F;
sample = exp_lut[exponent] + ( mantissa << ( exponent + 3 ) );
if ( sign != 0 ) sample = -sample;

return sample;
}


  3 Responses to “Category : C Source Code
Archive   : SOX.ZIP
Filename : LIBST.C

  1. Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

  2. This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

  3. But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/