# Category : C Source Code

Archive : ECSTR.ZIP

Filename : INT2STR.C

Author : Richard A. O'Keefe

Updated: 30 April 1984

Defines: int2str(), itoa(), ltoa()

int2str(dst, radix, val)

converts the (long) integer "val" to character form and moves it to

the destination string "dst" followed by a terminating NUL. The

result is normally a pointer to this NUL character, but if the radix

is dud the result will be NullS and nothing will be changed.

If radix is -2..-36, val is taken to be SIGNED.

If radix is 2.. 36, val is taken to be UNSIGNED.

That is, val is signed if and only if radix is. You will normally

use radix -10 only through itoa and ltoa, for radix 2, 8, or 16

unsigned is what you generally want.

_dig_vec is public just in case someone has a use for it.

The definitions of itoa and ltoa are actually macros in strings.h,

but this is where the code is.

*/

#include "strings.h"

char _dig_vec[] =

"0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";

char *int2str(dst, radix, val)

register char *dst;

register int radix;

register long val;

{

char buffer[33];

register char *p;

if (radix < 0) {

if (radix < -36 || radix > -2) return NullS;

if (val < 0) {

*dst++ = '-';

val = -val;

}

radix = -radix;

} else {

if (radix > 36 || radix < 2) return NullS;

}

/* The slightly contorted code which follows is due to the

fact that few machines directly support unsigned long / and %.

Certainly the VAX C compiler generates a subroutine call. In

the interests of efficiency (hollow laugh) I let this happen

for the first digit only; after that "val" will be in range so

that signed integer division will do. Sorry 'bout that.

CHECK THE CODE PRODUCED BY YOUR C COMPILER. The first % and /

should be unsigned, the second % and / signed, but C compilers

tend to be extraordinarily sensitive to minor details of style.

This works on a VAX, that's all I claim for it.

*/

p = &buffer[32];

*p = '\0';

*--p = _dig_vec[(unsigned long)val%(unsigned long)radix];

val = (unsigned long)val/(unsigned long)radix;

while (val != 0) *--p = _dig_vec[val%radix], val /= radix;

while (*dst++ = *p++) ;

return dst-1;

}

Very nice! Thank you for this wonderful archive. I wonder why I found it only now. Long live the BBS file archives!

This is so awesome! 😀 I’d be cool if you could download an entire archive of this at once, though.

But one thing that puzzles me is the “mtswslnkmcjklsdlsbdmMICROSOFT” string. There is an article about it here. It is definitely worth a read: http://www.os2museum.com/wp/mtswslnk/