Dec 222017
DLL provides huge array support for Visual BASIC. C source code included (requires SDK to recompile). From Microsoft.
File HUGEARAY.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category BASIC Language
DLL provides huge array support for Visual BASIC. C source code included (requires SDK to recompile). From Microsoft.
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
HUGEARR.BAS 1000 212 deflated
HUGEARR.C 13181 2918 deflated
HUGEARR.DEF 497 291 deflated
HUGEARR.DLL 11840 6468 deflated
HUGEARR.H 1207 465 deflated
HUGEARR.TXT 14293 4345 deflated
MAKEFILE 455 239 deflated
TPCREAD.ME 199 165 deflated

Download File HUGEARAY.ZIP Here

Contents of the HUGEARR.TXT file

Huge array support for Microsoft Visual Basic

from Microsoft Product Support Services 5/30/91

HUGEARR.DLL is a dynamic-link library (DLL) which contains functions
for creation, maintenance, and deletion of arrays larger than 64K from
Microsoft Visual Basic version 1.00 for Windows. This DLL also gives
the ability to create arrays with more than 32,767 (32K) elements per
dimension, and to redimension arrays while preserving the data inside
of the arrays.

The following files are provided:


To use the functions in HUGEARR.DLL, simply copy the declarations
contained in HUGEARR.BAS into your global module in Visual Basic and
copy HUGEARR.DLL to your Windows directory. The functions can then be
used like any other Windows DLL function.

HUGEARR.DLL allocates memory using the Windows API function
GlobalAlloc. This means that the largest array that can be allocated
is 1 MB in standard mode, and 64 MB in 386 enhanced mode for Windows.

The following routines are contained in HUGEARR.DLL. For a complete
description of the parameters and/or return values of these routines,
see Visual Basic's Declare statement for the routine in question in
the file HUGEARR.BAS.

HUGEARR.DLL Language Reference:


Action: Dimensions an array and returns a handle to that array.

Syntax: HugeDim(recsize%, limit&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

recsize% The size of each element in the array. (i.e. an integer
would be 2, a double would be 8.) You can use the Len()
function to determine the size of any data type if you are

limit& The upper bound of the array. The lower bound of all arrays
is 0, so for example: 'HugeDim(2, 10)' would create an
integer array of elements 0 through 10.


You should not try to create a huge array of variable-length strings, or of
a user-defined type that contains variable-length strings. Visual Basic's
string handling routines would not know of the existence of any string that
was controlled by HUGEARR.DLL, and a UAE ("Unrecoverable Application Error")
would probably result. Fixed-length strings are okay though.

If the total size (in bytes) of the array is going to be bigger than 64K,
the size of each element has to be an integer power of two (1, 2, 4, 8,
and so forth.) This is necessary so that the no element of an array
straddles a segment boundary.

HugeDim returns a handle to the array that was created, and that handle is
used when referring to that array with other commands. If an error
occurred (such as out of memory), it will return a negative number. Error
codes are detailed below under the section entitled 'Error Codes'.


Sub Command1_Click()
Dim hArray as integer
Dim variable as SomeUserDefinedType

hArray = HugeDim(Len(variable), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then
print "Error dimensioning array:"; hArray
End If
i% = HugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Erases an array that was previously dimensioned using HugeDim.

Syntax: HugeErase(hArray%)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array. (The same handle that was returned
by HugeDim.)


You should be sure to HugeErase all arrays that were HugeDim'd. Failing to
do so would cause the memory used by the array to not be freed up until the
application quits. If many arrays are dimensioned but never erased memory
would keep being allocated without being freed, eventually degrading system

Example: Refer to the example for HugeDim.


Action: Redimensions an array created with HugeDim to a different size.

Syntax: HugeRedim(hArray%, limit&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array to redimension.

limit& The new upper bound of the array.


HugeRedim, unlike Visual Basic's ReDim, preserves all the data in the
array. If you want to erase the contents of the array, you should erase it
and the dimension it again.

If the size of the array would go over 64K when it is redimensioned, it is
subject to the same size restrictions detailed in the discussion of

You cannot change the size of the elements in the array, only the number of


Sub Command1_Click()
i% = HugeRedim(hArray, 50)
if i% < 0 then
print "error redimensioning array:"; hArray
End If

e% = HugeErase(hArray)
End Sub

GetHugeEl, SetHugeEl:

Action: Gets or sets the contents of an array element.

Syntax: GetHugeEl(hArray%, el&, variable)
SetHugeEl(hArray%, el&, variable)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.

el& The element of the array to set or get the data from.

variable The variable to get into, or to set the array from.


It is extremely important that the type for the variable passed to
GetHugeEl or SetHugeEl matches that type of the variable used in the
HugeDim statement, if the types are of different lengths, you will mostly
likely get a UAE or overwrite other data. If you want to be sure that the
types match you can use the Alias keyword when you declare the function to
introduce type checking. Refer to the section below entitled 'Aliasing'
for more information on aliases.

Sub Command2_Click()
hArray = HugeDim(len(i%), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop
e% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 1, 54%) ' puts 54 into element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop ' check error code
e% = GetHugeEl(hArray, 1, i%) ' get element #1 into i%
Print i%

e% = HugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Retrieves an element from an array of a given type.

Syntax: HugeInt(hArray%, el&)
HugeLong(hArray%, el&)
HugeSingle(hArray%, el&)
HugeDouble(hArray%, el&)
HugeCurrency(hArray%, el&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.

el& The element to retrieve.


This family of functions is provided as a shortcut alternative to GetHugeEl
to retrieve a given data type while in an expression. For example:

value = HugeDouble(hArray, 0) * HugeDouble(hArray, 1)

The example above could have been done using GetHugeEl; however, the values
returned by the two HugeDouble calls would have to be assigned to
variables, and then the variables would be used in the expression. The
example below expands more on this.

IMPORTANT: None of these functions return error codes, so you should use
them only if you are positive that the value of hArray% and el& are legal
values. If a error does occur (such as a "Subscript Out of Range"), you
will get meaningless results. You should use GetHugeEl if you need to be
able to check error codes.


Sub Command3_Click()
Dim hArray As Integer

hArray = HugeDim(len(i%), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop

e% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 0, 3%) ' Put 3 in element #0
If e% < 0 Then Stop ' Check for errors
e% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 1, 4%) ' Put 4 in element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop

e% = GetHugeEl(hArray, 0, i%) ' Get value of element #0
If e% < 0 Then Stop
e% = GetHugeEl(hArray, 1, j%) ' Get value of element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop
Print Sqr(i% ^ 2 + j ^ 2)

' Alternate (and faster)
' way of doing the above.
Print Sqr(HugeInt(hArray, 0) ^ 2 + HugeInt(hArray, 1) ^ 2)

e% = HugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Returns the upper bound of a give array.

Syntax: HugeUbound(hArray%)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.


This function is the same as Basic's 'Ubound' function. It is used to
return the current upper bound of an array.

If HugeUbound returns an negative value, it represents an error code.


Sub Command4_Click()
Dim hArray as integer

hArray = HugeDim(len(i%), 23)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop

for j=0 to HugeUbound(hArray) ' Initialize array to 10's
e% = SetHugeEl(hArray, j, 10%)
If e% < 0 Then Stop
Next j
End Sub


Action: Returns the number of free huge arrays available.

Syntax: NumHugeArrays


This command is included mostly for debugging purposes. It is used to find
out how many array could be dimensioned at that time by the program.


Sub Command5_Click()

Debug.Print NumHugeArrays

End Sub

Error Codes:

The following functions return error codes as described below:

HugeDim, HugeErase, HugeRedim, GetHugeEl, SetHugeEl, HugeUbound

The possible error codes are:

0 The function was successful.

-1 "Out of Memory" There is not enough global memory for the
HugeDim or HugeRedim

-2 "To Many Arrays" There are no free arrays left to be

-3 "Bad Element Size" The array that you are trying to dimension is
greater than 64K, and the element size is not an integer power of

-4 "Subscript out of Range" The array element you are trying to
access is outside the bounds of the array.

-5 "Illegal Array Handle" The array that was referenced is not a
valid array. Either it is not dimensioned, or the handle value
is illegal.

The GetHugeEl and SetHugeEl functions transfer data back and forth from an
array. Because these functions must work with any data type, they are
declared 'As Any' in their declarations. This has the disadvantage that it
defeats Basic's built-in type checking, and allows the posibility of
passing the wrong data type.

To work around this potential problem, you can use Basic's 'Alias' keyword
in the declaration. For example, if you wanted GetHugeEl to work with the
data type 'UserType', you might rename the function to 'GetUserType', and
alias it to 'GetHugeEl'.

The declaration for GetHugeEl contained in "HUGEARR.BAS" is:

Declare Function GetHugeEl Lib "hugearr.dll" (ByVal Index%,
ByVal el&, buffer As Any) As Integer

To force Basic to do type checking on the call, you would rewrite the
declaration to be:

Declare Function GetUserType Lib "hugearr.dll" Alias "GetHugeEl"
(ByVal Index%, ByVal el&, buffer As UserType) As Integer

Note that the 'buffer As Any' has been changed to 'buffer As UserType'.
Because the function no longer has the 'As Any' type Basic will be able to
raise an error if you try to pass the wrong data type.

A function can be aliased any number of times, so you may want to create an
alias for each data type that you are using.


The SetHugeEl routine is used to assign values to an array. For example,
the following statement

i% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 1, v%)

would assign the value stored in v% to element #1 of the array hArray.
However, a problem can arise when you try to use a constant in place of the
'v%' above. For example:

i% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 1, 15)

In this case, Visual Basic would assume that the number 15 is an integer
constant and would pass a pointer to an integer to the SetHugeEl routine;
even if hArray is a (for instance) array of double-precision numbers.
To work around this potential problem, you should always use a type suffix
when passing constants to SetHugeEl. If you wanted to assign the value
of 15 to a double precision array, you would use the statement:

i% = SetHugeEl(hArray, 1, 15#)


HUGEARR.DLL Memory and Capacity:

HUGEARR.DLL allocates memory using the Windows API function GlobalAlloc.
This means that the largest array that can be allocated is 1 MB in standard
mode, and 64 MB in 386 enhanced mode.

If you forget to HugeErase an array that was allocated with HugeDim,
Windows will automatically deallocate the memory after your application
terminates. However, HUGEARR.DLL keeps the information it needs to
maintain the arrays in it's own private area. This means that any array
which is not HugeErase'd will not have it's information released, and the
array will not be marked as free. If two applications are both using the
DLL, and the first application HugeDim's all of the arrays and then quits
without HugeEraseing them, the second application will not be able to
create any arrays.

 December 22, 2017  Add comments

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