Dec 052017
Allows you to use Huge Arrays in Visual Basic (WIN).
File HUGARY.ZIP from The Programmer’s Corner in
Category BASIC Language
Allows you to use Huge Arrays in Visual Basic (WIN).
File Name File Size Zip Size Zip Type
HUGEARR.BAS 1740 375 deflated
HUGEARR.C 1111 624 deflated
HUGEARR.DEF 776 327 deflated
HUGEARR.DLL 18001 9091 deflated
HUGEARR.H 3883 1247 deflated
HUGEARR.HIS 6774 2595 deflated
HUGEARR.LIB 2560 495 deflated
HUGEARR.MAK 2116 753 deflated
HUGEARR.TXT 17711 5115 deflated
HUGEARR.VBG 466 225 deflated
HUGEARR.VBM 1710 324 deflated
HUGEDIM.C 3280 1213 deflated
HUGEERAS.C 559 337 deflated
HUGEGET.C 2284 630 deflated
HUGEGETN.C 1206 569 deflated
HUGEINFO.C 1150 515 deflated
HUGELOAD.C 1481 695 deflated
HUGESAVE.C 1559 714 deflated
HUGESET.C 943 474 deflated
HUGESETN.C 1206 569 deflated
SJSGREAL.C 2086 785 deflated
SJSLIB.H 667 336 deflated
TPCREAD.ME 199 165 deflated

Download File HUGARY.ZIP Here

Contents of the HUGEARR.TXT file

Huge array support for Microsoft Visual Basic

from Microsoft Product Support Services 6/4/91
with additions by various authors

The following information applies to Microsoft Visual Basic
programming system version 1.0 for Microsoft Windows, and to Microsoft
Windows 3.0 Software Development Kit (SDK).

HUGEARR.DLL is a dynamic-link library (DLL) which contains functions
for creation, maintenance, and deletion of arrays larger than 64K from
Microsoft Visual Basic version 1.00 for Windows. This DLL also gives
the ability to create arrays with more than 32,767 (32K) elements per
dimension, and to redimension arrays while preserving the data inside
of the arrays.

To use the functions in HUGEARR.DLL, simply copy the declarations
contained in HUGEARR.VBG into your global module in Visual Basic, copy
the declarations in HUGEARR.VBM into any module, and copy HUGEARR.DLL
to your Windows directory. The functions can then be used like any other
Windows DLL function.

HUGEARR.DLL allocates memory using the Windows API function
GlobalAlloc. This means that the largest array that can be allocated
is 1 MB in standard mode, and 64 MB in 386 enhanced mode for Windows.

The following routines are contained in HUGEARR.DLL. For a complete
description of the parameters and/or return values of these routines,
see Visual Basic's Declare statement for the routine in question in
the file HUGEARR.VBM.

HUGEARR.DLL Language Reference:


Action: Dimensions an array and returns a handle to that array.

Syntax: VBHugeDim(recsize%, limit&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

recsize% The size of each element in the array. (i.e. an integer
would be 2, a double would be 8.) You can use the Len()
function to determine the size of any data type if you are

limit& The upper bound of the array. The lower bound of all arrays
is 0, so for example: 'VBHugeDim(2, 10)' would create an
integer array of elements 0 through 10.


You should not try to create a huge array of variable-length strings, or of
a user-defined type that contains variable-length strings. Visual Basic's
string handling routines would not know of the existence of any string that
was controlled by HUGEARR.DLL, and a UAE ("Unrecoverable Application Error")
would probably result. Fixed-length strings are okay though.

VBHugeDim returns a handle to the array that was created, and that handle is
used when referring to that array with other commands. If an error
occurred (such as out of memory), it will return a negative number. Error
codes are detailed below under the section entitled 'Error Codes'.


Sub Command1_Click()
Dim hArray as integer
Dim variable as SomeUserDefinedType

hArray = VBHugeDim(Len(variable), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then
print "Error dimensioning array:"; hArray
End If
i% = VBHugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Erases an array that was previously dimensioned using VBHugeDim.

Syntax: VBHugeErase(hArray%)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array. (The same handle that was returned
by VBHugeDim.)


You should be sure to VBHugeErase all arrays that were VBHugeDim'd. Failing to
do so would cause the memory used by the array to not be freed up until the
application quits. If many arrays are dimensioned but never erased memory
would keep being allocated without being freed, eventually degrading system

Example: Refer to the example for VBHugeDim.


Action: Redimensions an array created with VBHugeDim to a different size.

Syntax: VBHugeRedim(hArray%, limit&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array to redimension.

limit& The new upper bound of the array.


VBHugeRedim, unlike Visual Basic's ReDim, preserves all the data in the
array. If you want to erase the contents of the array, you should erase it
and the dimension it again.

If the size of the array would go over 64K when it is redimensioned, it is
subject to the same size restrictions detailed in the discussion of

You cannot change the size of the elements in the array, only the number of


Sub Command1_Click()
i% = VBHugeRedim(hArray, 50)
if i% < 0 then
print "error redimensioning array:"; hArray
End If

e% = VBHugeErase(hArray)
End Sub

VBHugeGet, VBHugeSet:

Action: Gets or sets the contents of an array element.

Syntax: VBHugeGet(hArray%, el&, variable)
VBHugeSet(hArray%, el&, variable)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.

el& The element of the array to set or get the data from.

variable The variable to get into, or to set the array from.


It is extremely important that the type for the variable passed to
VBHugeGet or VBHugeSet matches that type of the variable used in the
VBHugeDim statement, if the types are of different lengths, you will mostly
likely get a UAE or overwrite other data. If you want to be sure that the
types match you can use the Alias keyword when you declare the function to
introduce type checking. Refer to the section below entitled 'Aliasing'
for more information on aliases.

Sub Command2_Click()
hArray = VBHugeDim(len(i%), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop
e% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 1, 54%) ' puts 54 into element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop ' check error code
e% = VBHugeGet(hArray, 1, i%) ' get element #1 into i%
Print i%

e% = VBHugeErase(hArray)
End Sub

VBHugeGetNum, VBHugeSetNum:

Action: Gets or sets the contents of multiple array elements.

Syntax: VBHugeGetNum(hArray%, el&, nelem%, variable)
VBHugeSetNum(hArray%, el&, nelem%, variable)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.

el& The first element of the array to set or get the data from.

nelem% The number of elements to be set or fetched.

variable The variable to get into, or to set the array from.


See the Remarks for VBHugeGet, VBHugeSet.

Sub Command2_Click()
Dim VBArray() as Double
ReDim VBArray(1 to 1000)
' Assign something to the elements in VBArray.

hArray = VBHugeDim(len(i#), 1000)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop

' Copy 1000 elements from VB array VBArray(1...1000) to huge array.
e% = VBHugeSetNum(hArray, 1, 1000, VBArray(1))
' check error code
If e% < 0 Then Stop

' Copy 1000 elements from huge array to VB array VBArray(1...1000).
e% = VBHugeGetNum(hArray, 1, 1000, VBArray(1))

e% = VBHugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Saves the specified number of elements of a huge array to the
named file.

Syntax: VBHugeSave(hArray%, NEl&, RecLen%, Fn$)


The number of elements to save as well as the size of each element,
together with the full filename of the file to be written to must be


Sub Command6_Click()

ErrCode& = VBHugeSave(hArray, hArrayElements&, hArryRecLen%, "FILE.ARR")
If ErrCode& < 0 Then Stop

End Sub


Action: Loads a huge array from the named file.

Syntax: VBHugeLoad(hArray%, RecLen%, Fn$)


The file is read until EOF is found. The number of element read are
returned unless an error occurs. The Array to be loaded must be
allocated sufficient space to hold the array before this function is


Sub Command7_Click()

Open "MYFILE.ARR" For Random As #1 Len = hArrayRecLen%
hArrayElements& = LOF(1) / hArrayRecLen%
Close #1
hArray = VBHugeDim(hArrayRecLen%, hArrayElements&)
If hMain > 0 Then
hArrayElements& = VBHugeLoad(hArray, hArrayRecLen%, "MYFILE.ARR")
If hArrayElements& < 0& Then Stop
End If

End Sub


Action: Retrieves an element from an array of a given type.

Syntax: VBHugeInt(hArray%, el&)
VBHugeLong(hArray%, el&)
VBHugeSingle(hArray%, el&)
VBHugeDouble(hArray%, el&)
VBHugeCurrency(hArray%, el&)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.

el& The element to retrieve.


This family of functions is provided as a shortcut alternative to VBHugeGet
to retrieve a given data type while in an expression. For example:

value = VBHugeDouble(hArray, 0) * VBHugeDouble(hArray, 1)

The example above could have been done using VBHugeGet; however, the values
returned by the two VBHugeDouble calls would have to be assigned to
variables, and then the variables would be used in the expression. The
example below expands more on this.

IMPORTANT: None of these functions return error codes, so you should use
them only if you are positive that the value of hArray% and el& are legal
values. If a error does occur (such as a "Subscript Out of Range"), you
will get meaningless results. You should use VBHugeGet if you need to be
able to check error codes.


Sub Command3_Click()
Dim hArray As Integer

hArray = VBHugeDim(len(i%), 10)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop

e% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 0, 3%) ' Put 3 in element #0
If e% < 0 Then Stop ' Check for errors
e% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 1, 4%) ' Put 4 in element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop

e% = VBHugeGet(hArray, 0, i%) ' Get value of element #0
If e% < 0 Then Stop
e% = VBHugeGet(hArray, 1, j%) ' Get value of element #1
If e% < 0 Then Stop
Print Sqr(i% ^ 2 + j ^ 2)

' Alternate (and faster)
' way of doing the above.
Print Sqr(VBHugeInt(hArray, 0) ^ 2 + VBHugeInt(hArray, 1) ^ 2)

e% = VBHugeErase(hArray)
End Sub


Action: Returns the upper bound of a give array.

Syntax: VBHugeUbound(hArray%)

Argument Description
-------- -----------

hArray% The handle to the array.


This function is the same as Basic's 'Ubound' function. It is used to
return the current upper bound of an array.

If VBHugeUbound returns an negative value, it represents an error code.


Sub Command4_Click()
Dim hArray as integer

hArray = VBHugeDim(len(i%), 23)
If hArray < 0 Then Stop

for J& = 0 to VBHugeUbound(hArray) ' Initialize array to 10's
ErrCode% = VBHugeSet(hArray, J&, 10%)
If ErrCode% < 0 Then Stop
Next J&
End Sub


Action: Returns the number of free huge arrays available.

Syntax: VBHugeNumArrays()


This command is included mostly for debugging purposes. It is used to find
out how many array could be dimensioned at that time by the program.


Sub Command5_Click()

Debug.Print VBHugeNumArrays()

End Sub

Error Codes:

All functions (except for VBHugeInt, VBHugeLong, VBHugeSingle, VBHugeDouble,
and VBHugeCurrency) return error codes as described below.

The possible error codes are:

0 The function was successful.

-1 "Out of Memory" There is not enough global memory for the
VBHugeDim or VBHugeRedim

-2 "To Many Arrays" There are no free arrays left to be

-3 "Bad Element Size" This error condition is no longer possible.

-4 "Subscript out of Range" The array element you are trying to
access is outside the bounds of the array.

-5 "Illegal Array Handle" The array that was referenced is not a
valid array. Either it is not dimensioned, or the handle value
is illegal.

-7 "Error Opening File" The file specified could not be opened.

-8 "Error Writing to File" An error occurred during a file write

-9 "Error Reading File" An error occurred during a file read


The VBHugeGet and VBHugeSet functions transfer data back and forth from an
array. Because these functions must work with any data type, they are
declared 'As Any' in their declarations. This has the disadvantage that it
defeats Basic's built-in type checking, and allows the posibility of
passing the wrong data type.

To work around this potential problem, you can use Basic's 'Alias' keyword
in the declaration. For example, if you wanted VBHugeGet to work with the
data type 'UserType', you might rename the function to 'GetUserType', and
alias it to 'VBHugeGet'.

The declaration for VBHugeGet contained in "HUGEARR.BAS" is:

Declare Function VBHugeGet Lib "hugearr.dll" (ByVal Index%,
ByVal el&, buffer As Any) As Integer

To force Basic to do type checking on the call, you would rewrite the
declaration to be:

Declare Function GetUserType Lib "hugearr.dll" Alias "VBHugeGet"
(ByVal Index%, ByVal el&, buffer As UserType) As Integer

Note that the 'buffer As Any' has been changed to 'buffer As UserType'.
Because the function no longer has the 'As Any' type Basic will be able to
raise an error if you try to pass the wrong data type.

A function can be aliased any number of times, so you may want to create an
alias for each data type that you are using.


The VBHugeSet routine is used to assign values to an array. For example,
the following statement

i% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 1, v%)

would assign the value stored in v% to element #1 of the array hArray.
However, a problem can arise when you try to use a constant in place of the
'v%' above. For example:

i% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 1, 15)

In this case, Visual Basic would assume that the number 15 is an integer
constant and would pass a pointer to an integer to the VBHugeSet routine;
even if hArray is a (for instance) array of double-precision numbers.
To work around this potential problem, you should always use a type suffix
when passing constants to VBHugeSet. If you wanted to assign the value
of 15 to a double precision array, you would use the statement:

i% = VBHugeSet(hArray, 1, 15#)


HUGEARR.DLL Memory and Capacity:

HUGEARR.DLL allocates memory using the Windows API function GlobalAlloc.
This means that the largest array that can be allocated is 1 MB in standard
mode, and 64 MB in 386 enhanced mode.

If you forget to VBHugeErase an array that was allocated with VBHugeDim,
Windows will automatically deallocate the memory after your application
terminates. However, HUGEARR.DLL keeps the information it needs to
maintain the arrays in it's own private area. This means that any array
which is not VBHugeErase'd will not have it's information released, and the
array will not be marked as free. If two applications are both using the
DLL, and the first application VBHugeDim's all of the arrays and then quits
without VBHugeEraseing them, the second application will not be able to
create any arrays.



HUGEARR.DLL is written in Microsoft C, and the C source code is
provided with this application note in HUGEARR.C and HUGEARR.H.

The following references discuss how to program Windows 3.0 DLL

1. "Programming Windows: the Microsoft Guide to Writing Applications
for Windows 3," by Charles Petzold (published by Microsoft Press,

2. Microsoft Windows 3.0 Software Development Kit

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